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The Gospel Messenger. 

Vol. 38. 




The New Year '.'.'.'" 8 

Love One Another, 

Living in Peace, 

Jesus or the Lodge, . 9 

The Withered Fir Tree 9 

The Resurrection 

Washington as a Mason ' " l0 

The Gish Fund Books ' '° 

Bible Land Talks '° 

The Denomination and Trine Immersion 


Another Year. Selected 

Tired Mothers 2 



Nineteen Hundred. By G. J. Fercken 

By A. W. Vaniman, . 

Books. By J. S. Flory, . 
Liberty. By Martha Click, . 
Finding What We Look For. 
"Gol" By Orpha Misliler, . 

Popular Religion.-Part 1.^ By Alex. W. Reese, 

Are m. U ke!??? ° f L ." e 0ptin,lstic or Pessimistic? By John F.Shoe- 
According to the Pattern. By S. F. Sanger, . . 

Devices in the Sunday School. By N. R. Baker, 

VfctS Long, MC . etiDE °' "'' Mlddle DiS, " Ct ° f Mar V'"d. By D." 

Sermon Outline-Good News. By D. C. Campbell, . . 

The Minister and His Work, 


Lesson Light-Flashes 


What Should the Home Do for the Church? 
The Death of General George Washington, 
A New Year Greeting 

By Liz: 

Iter a, 

Most of the even well read people in this coun- 
try think that more different books are published 
•n the United States than in any other land in the 
world. In this they are very much mistaken We 
stand not even second, but fifth on the list in the 
output of printed volumes. Statistics show that we 
are behind Germany, France, Italy and Great Brit- 
am in the book-making business. Germany pub- 
lishes annually nearly five times as many books as 
the United States, and Italy nearly twice as many, 
the total number of books published annually in 
the five countries named, along with Holland Bel- 
gium, Denmark, Switzerland, Norway, Sweden, 
Canada and Egypt, is put at over 77,000, of which 
a little over 5,000 are issued in the United States 
As regards number, we appear to be considerably 
below the average, but it is to be hoped that we are 
not behind in quality. Our periodical literature 
however, is greater than that of any other country 
and this in part may account for the small number 
of books placed to our credit. It would doubtless 
be of far more consequence to have better books 
and fewer of them. The misfortune of the age is 
the vast amount of books not worth reading, to say 
nothing of the hundreds that are decidedly perni- 
cious. We cannot too well guard the books that 
come into our families. They are companions 
that will exert an influence either for good or for 
evil. There is nothing that moulds the mind like a 
book, and in the end it may be found that books 

ing the Urea' Teacher 



and maintain insi 
tiny of people and nation 
that can be named. 

.a Empire, and ,t seems like a pity to destroy it. 
If the present projects, now under headway, regard- 
ing the demolishing of the wall, should be carried 
out, the entire wall may be destroyed within the 
next generation. But China is not the only place 
where ancient landmarks are removed. Some 
churches have long since removed not a few of the 

andmarks characteristic of primitive Christianity 
We fear that there is a disposition even among the 
Brethren to remove some of the ancient landmarks 
set by the fathers who were first in the great re- 
formatory movement that resulted in our Frater- 
nity. It is needful that we study how to preserve 
these ancient landmarks rather than how to re- 
move them. It is said that American engineers and 
capital are to be employed in demolishing the 
Wall here referred to. If we are not 

ing in 


careful we too may be found guilty of ca! 

outside forces to aid 

n removing the time-honored 

and apostolic landmarks set up in the Brethren 
church by the faithful and earnest fathers of old. 


5 as any other one thing 


In this country there 

»> Lucre is an immense amount nf 

property belonging to churches and charitable insti 

tutions, that is by law exempt from taxat o I n a 

number of instances the law has doubtless been 

abused and the courts have repeatedly beeTcaMed 

on to define the ,i m i ts of the law, as apphed t er 

tam institutions and funds. Tn Des Mo'ines, Iowa a 

lanTpTrkC 1 "" " nde " d - »"«",»* the g££ 
land Park College, that sets forth the limits and pur- 
pose of the tax exemption more clearly than any- 
thing we have yet seen. Speaking of the decision 
hand dd by th£ ^^ th / Cnica ; o d " 

says. The Iowa statute of exemption from taxation 
, construed as applying onIy t0 corporations co ° n 
du edforthe benefit of the public, the profits of 
which revert to the institution for its advancement 
and betterment. Schools or colleges that exist for 
the benefit o. onvate individuals, and that are used as 
a source of money-making must pay their taxes just 
tion o^ ge , '" a " y ° ther occu P at ion. The construc- 
tion of the Iowa statute is probably correct, as Judge 
Grouty ,s on e of the most trustworthy judges on the 

e ut'o e t"h H ASidC fr ° m the "* '" the »» *\ I 

IToTt a r'The f'd 6 ^^^^ ^ U,e Po- 

tion from taxatiolha be"' 7 '° Stretch . "up- 
states and a check such as Th" ,ncreas ' nff ,n T- y 

rirrht that 1 At . tms ,s necessary. It is 

ducat onannstf':' Ct '° n Sh ° U ' d be ™ de between 
it and those that » "' " '""ff bl » hed f °' Pro- 
motives." Just ho w a T ' rom PMa°thr°Pi= 

would affect the school, c rH'°? ?l ^ ^^ 
we are not prepared to 'v?^ by " ,e B ' ethren 
for our readers^ £„* Wl but * "fll »ot be 

mcL H a E sin e , Cti0 Th inIndia ' ^"^ hy the famine ' »« 
he usuaf CU , " "^ " "^ n ° n -PP«rance of 
me usual Christmas rains. The 

Presidency is affected 

Some weeks ago we gave some account of Mgr 
Rahman,, patriarch of Antioch. He was born in 
the ancient city of Nineveh, and is regarded as a 
man of considerable learning. From the Indepen- 
dent we glean that he has discovered the manuscript 
of a work presumed to have been written near the 
second century, giving an account of an ecclesiasti- 
cal church orderof a very early period. It has been 

l~ . ] c ' ! '"" ll '-''- L -''rtflrfcuVi''' feiWfclfi — LTfct >■.,■.-■. ^ . . .,[ ■„ 

"iCvlsit the fathecUKS and w idnws m"R.». i.ulclion. and 

Christ/' The manuscript is~a translation into, 
ot a Greek original which puts the church £a ' 
approved by the writer into th'e mouth of Lo// 
It may have been written early in the th rd 
tury. It makes the bishop the 'ruir of thchu"' 

fr n om p Zt ,d of s tL diff r nt prayer for his ~«™ 

ters are of t . nat '° n ° f the dders - Presby- 

ters are of two classes, of age and of eminence 
The most remarkable point is that besides" 
esses there ,s another order of women that s 

mine being grap- 
itude causes anxiety. Public 
attention, both in India and in England, is so en- 
gaged by the war that so far little notice has been 
taken of the famine, though an enormous extent of 
the country ,s seriously affected. The cost of the 
needed relief, in order to keep the people from 
starving, is going to be great. Over S,2,ooo has 
been received at this office for the purpose and 
more will doubtless be reported later. England will 
render some assistance, but the task of feeding 
million hungry people will be found a stupendoi 
undertaking. ' 

The Chinese government seems disposed to per 
m,t a very rash thing. The people propose to de- 
molish the Great Wall, a part of which may have 
been constructed 300 B. C. This wall is carried 

ey are ordained apparently by layine 
, o hands and the form of ordination I g w"! 
The bishop ,s chosen by the people at large, and or 
darned with a twofold laying 
never to taste wine, 

whole Bombay 
It is in this part of India 
that our missionaries live. And owing to the dry 
mg up of the wells some places of note are threat- 
ened with a water famine. The government of I„. 
d,a has addressed the local administrations, directing 
that inquiries be made in regard to the unprecedent 
ed number of people now being relieved. Even- 
precaution is taken to insure the fai ' 
pled with, but its magnitude causes at 'd laying on of hands. 1 

except at Communion- and 
never to eat meat. In the prayer of ordination „1 
he presbyters there is nothing said about the con- 
ferring of grace to offer the sacrifice of the Euchar- 
ist which the Pope late.y said was a fatal defe i„ 
the Anglican form of ordination. The Eucharist 
was to be observed as the Sabbath and on fas days 

\\r y T a ,'t abie that th ' S docu ™nt Provides' 
that there shall be no laying on of hands for ," 
diaconatc or presbyterate in the case of those who 
had been confessors in prison or in chains. They 
had received especial warrant by the protection of 
God, ,n the same way as the Holy Spirit gave ordi- 
nation to prophets. But a bishop was fo rece v 
the imposition of hands. This does not seen, ,0 be 

over the highest hills, through the deepest' v^ I pSd^twL'^hf w 't "* """ 
across rivers and every other natural obstacle. The ' '"' 



law that regulates matters" o r f 'h" , f C< ; nCe ; rnimg " ,e 

understood, of course, tl,Ittr s -V MSt ° 
statutes of exemption. 

her own 

is about 1,250 miles, and the height twenty 
feet. At the base it is twenty-five feet thick and 
at the top fifteen feet. It is long enough to reach 
from New York City to Topeka, Kans., and con- 
tains material enough to construct a macadamized 
road, nearly one hundred feet wide, across the 
whole continent. It is one of the most remarkable 
structures in the world, and in the way of magni- 
tude probably exceeds all of the ruins of Egypt 
combined. It is the great landmark of the Celes- 

assured T? i° Ugh "" Eu P hrat ^Valley seems 
Toh M f , i' haSgranted Ger ' nan >- Permission 

to build the road, and it is reported that the money 
".to be supplied by both England and Germany 
The line is to extend from a point no. far from Con-' 

stantinople to the head of the Persian Gulf, pass,,,. 

near the nuns of ancient Babylon. From the Pert 
an Gul, England may extend the line- to India 

thus making an all rail route possible from the 

Strait of Dover to India. 


Jan. 6, 1900. 

— +-+•• ESSAYS ••+■•-: 

'Study to show thysdf approved unto God, a workman .hat nccdeth not be 
ashamed, rightly dividing thu Word ol Truth." 


The year's last day is done. Slowly 

The sunset clouds turn gray and drear; 
Hushed and silent the white earth lies. 

While all life whispers, " Death is near." 
But lo! A star shines through the gloom, 

Another points the upward way; 
And where the sun's last gleam grew pale. 

There shines the crescent moon's new ray. 
Good-bye, Old Year! Thy night is dark, 
But the stars and the moon are there; 
Thy lessons were bard, but we learn 

Them best through sorrow and through care. 
Thy night was dark; but morning conies. 

The dawn of a gladsome New Year. 
God gives us strength to keep it pure, 
And faith to read life's meaning clear. 

— Selected. 



Centuries are God's footsteps in human history, 
mile-stones of new dispensations, sign-posts of 
novel economies. There have been many " ends of 
the world," and many more will follow. An "end 
of the world " is the sii/itc/eia ton motion, i. c, the full 
end of the age, of the dispensation, whatever that 
may be. We, who are yet alive, are privileged to be 
actually in one of those "ends of the world," and 
permitted to witness the dawn of a new age, of a 
new dispensation. What is it to be? Just what we, 
as molders of its incipient years, are willing to make 
it for the generations to come. 

In the rapturous vision which the beloved disciple 
had on the rock of Patmos, he " saw the holy city, 
New Jerusalem, coming down from God out of 
heaven, prepared as 3 bride adorned for her hus- 
s " * Any.'nc'iicartl a- great voice.""- if .heaven.,' 
saying, Behold, the tabernacle of God is with men, 
and he will dwell with them, and they shall be his 
people, and God himself shall be with them, and be 
their God." 

What the holy city, the new Jerusalem coming 
down from heaven is, we need not go far or search 
deep to comprehend. It is certainly not a city of 
material gold, with all the adjuncts noted by the 
seer, that will some day float down through the 
ether and atmospheres and alight upon earth. It is 
the "tabernacle of God with men"; not a new, vis- 
ible institution, but a new spirit, a new light and 
life in institutions already existing; not a new ex- 
ternal form, but a new internal quality; a new 
leaven and a new life entering all churches, society, 
the great heart of humanity, and moulding them 
anew, comparatively, as the earth, on the return of 
each new springtime, receives a fresh influx of the 
solar rays, and so becomes a new earth clad afresh 
with verdure and beauty. 

This new and all-pervasive life will breathe 
through all doctrines, harmonize them all, irradiate 
them all, vitalize them all, because this life will 
emanate from the living Christ, central Luminary, 
vital Force, omnipotent and quickening Power, im- 
planting new thoughts and new affections in the 
"old man "that he may become a " new creation," 
be animated by a new spirit, cherishing new desires 
and purposes, living a newer, nobler and higher life. 
The world has no more need of newer expositions 
of old truths, but awaits the long-expected time 
when such old truths will finally be put into prac- 
tice. After nineteen centuries of creeds, doctrines, 
dogmas, controversies, and the most elaborate and 
exhaustive interpretation of the revealed Truth, let 
the world finally see the fruits of such gigantic 
brain work. After nineteen hundred years of belief, 
let, at least, as many ages to come witness faith 
practiced, God's commandments kept, purity and love 
rule the dream of angels realized: " God glorified; 
peace upon earth; toward men good will! " 

Men have greatly speculated as to what the relig- 
ion of the future will be. Why lose ourselves in 

too much conjecture when everything authorizes us 
to say that it will be the religion of the past? The 
more the world advances in great and rapid strides 
toward its blissful consummation, the more it inevit- 
ably goes back to the source or fountain-head. The 
Christianity of the future will be the Christianity of 
primitive days, or Primitive Christianity; and bless- 
ed are they who nozv know what that is! God has 
cast their lot in a goodly heritage, and to such has 
he entrusted the grand and noble mission of uniting 
all his children in one holy bond of truth and peace, 
of faith and charity! 

Many questions, might be asked here to which 
but brief answers can be given: 

Why are there temperance societies? Because 
some have not found in the churches all members 
temperate. Why are there secret societies? Be- 
cause men have not found in the church that spirit 
of solidarity, fraternity and mutual assistance which 
ought to characterize such a grand institution! 
Why are there socialists, anarchists, nihilists, revo- 
lutionists in the world? Because these have not 
found in the church that equality which ought to 
exist among the disciples of him in whose eyes all 
men are equal; but, instead, social strata according 
to rank, title, honor, influence, fortune or reputa- 
tion! Why are there monks and nuns, convents and 
monasteries? Because there are sincere souls who 
being weaned from the world, have not found in the 
churches, plainness, unworldliness, nonconformity, 
and among her children, what is " the ornament of 
a meek and quiet spirit." Why is there a Salvation 
Army? Because those who belong to it have wit- 
nessed, with inexpressible grief, that the church, 
resting in base contentment upon her laurels, was 
neglecting her mission among the poorest, the most 
forsaken and most degraded of her children! 

How to" bring back and bring in all these ele- 
ments which have deserted the church, and make 
her what she once was: temperate, fraternal, social- 
istic, unworldly, missionary, fulfilling her obliga- 
tions toward all classes of society and condition^ of 
mei.-vvlfiruiti unlOvc'and wiinout pafiia'irij,'"..! . . all 
this to go back to the fountain-head, to early days 
and primitive practices? Is it a fond dream that 
we cherish, a mere Utopia which haunts us when we 
say that the Christianity of the future will be the 
Christianity of the past? And is there not a grand 
and noble work for our Fraternity to accomplish in 
this coming century, just because she has in her all 
the elements that will bring about this most glorious 
consummation, and enable her to witness the realiza- 
tion of that prayer of her Divine Head: " That they 
may be one as we are one "? 

But we must not always content ourselves with 
the idea that we are already in possession of the 
early practices. We must be abundantly grateful 
to God that we also have the early faith, not only 
as we find it among the first Christians of the Book 
of Acts, but long before Christians existed, and even 
before the twelve who formed the early church, 
were elected, faith which Christ formulated in the 
Sermon on the Mount, and which has been justly 
called the "Magna Charta " of the kingdom of 
heaven. It is to that document that we must all go 
back in order to accomplish what it is our duty to 
accomplish, because, by our accepting and practic- 
ing the commandments of non-angrying, non- 
divorcing, non-swearing, non-resisting, non-warring, 
we identify ourselves with Christ, who, when yet 
alone, was laying the immovable foundations of what 
was to be, in the future, his church upon earth. 
This alone, we repeat it, would suffice to bring to- 
gether, in one common sentiment, Brethren, Ouak- 
ers, Stundists and Doukhobortsi, and uniting them 
together in one, endeavor in the dispensation to 
come, by frequent congresses, convened in different 
parts of the world, to crush that monster of WAR 
which, in this century alone, has sent his thirty mil- 
lions of victims to their untimely graves. What a 
noble mission that is for humble servants of the 
meek Jesus, and not for crowned heads, to accom- 
plish! And can a grander spectacle ever be wit- 
nessed in the world than that of men of peace seek- 
ing the establishment of everlasting peace? 

in the realization of the establishment of Primitive 
Christianity all over the world is, if we wish to wake 
up to the sense of our duties, responsibilities and 
possibilities toward the dispensation to come, the 
supreme jurisdiction which Christ, in his divine and 
loving foresight, has established upon earth to judge 
all differences or variances among Christians: " If 
thy brother shall trespass against thee, go and tell 
him his fault between thee and him alone; if he 
shall not hear thee, take with thee one or two wit- 
nesses; if he shall neglect to hear them, tell it unto 
the church," i. e., to the assembly, to the entirety, 
if we may so express ourselves, to the representa- 
tion of all the members of Christ's body! 

The idea of church is profoundly rooted among 
Roman Catholics; but, with them, all the church is 
centered in one man, the Pope! Among Protestants, 
of whatever shade it be, the idea of church does not 
exist at all, and the ever-increasing number of sects 
proves it. Among those who claim to be between 
both (viz, Greek-Orthodox, as Armenians, Angli- 
cans, Copts, Jacobites, Nestorians, etc.) the church 
is in synods, conventions, house of bishops, and 
such like. But we have, thank God, learned better 
than that: that the church is not a representative 
body; that it is centered neither in one nor in a few, 
but in all those who are baptized conformably to the 
conditions and the requirements of the Gospel of 
Jesus Christ. This conception of the church, in ac- 
cordance with the idea and teaching of the Master, 
which is found nowhere in Christendom, and which 
we have not sufficiently emphasized in our teaching 
and preaching, suffices to claim the attention of the 
whole Christian and civilized world, and to give us 
shortly the desired success in the great work which 
we must henceforth pursue with greater zeal and 
enthusiasm. We have with us the faith and prac- 
tices of Christ and his church; therefore let us with 
them go everywhere in the world, " reconciled unto 
God in one body;' the whole dispersed flock of 
Lancy, Switzerland. 




Samuel Smiles says: "A book is a living voice. 
It is a spirit walking on the face of the earth. It 
continues to be the living thought of a person sep- 
arated from us by space and time. Men pass away; 
monuments crumble into dust. What remains and 
survives is human thought. Authors crumble back 
to dust, but their thoughts live on. They speak 
from their graves and their influence marches on for 
weal or woe through the generations." 

Indeed, how true it is, what remains of men is 
their thoughts— thoughts that have taken shape and 
assumed forms. It is formulated thoughts that 
have made the world what it is. Everything about 
us in the world of nature is the formulated thought 
of God. Everything we see in art is but the formu- 
lated thoughts of men. The moving power and in- 
fluence of the social fabric around us is but the out- 
come of infinite or finite mind. As men think the 
thoughts of God and formulate their actions accord- 
ingly, does the world come in line with God's own 

In like manner as men stand forth as a " book- 
written " that others read, does the influence of men 
mould the social life of generations that come and 
go. Seeing that " living epistles " become volumes 
placed on record in the world's library, how careful 
we should be that the tenor of our lives is such that 
the world might be better because we have made a 
record. The embodied thoughts and spirit of an 
author are what have effect, rather than the little 
embellishments that may be added. 

Paine and Ingersoll may have had some good 
traits of character, but they all were overshadowed 
by the volume of skepticism that made up their 
written thoughts and lives. Good men, like Peter 
and Paul and many of the old church fathers, may 
have had their faults, but it is the tenor and spirit of 
the records of their lives that go on down the ages as 

finally, what gives us to believe most firmly power for good. Washington had h 

is enemies, and 

< ar >-6, 1900. 


' Da d things were said of him, and no doubt he had 
| n ''s faults, but it is the volumes of history formu- 
lated from his good and noble life that overtop all 
| e 'se, and his name passes on as one of the immor- 
I tals that are to live while history has a record. The 
man or woman of noble and self-sacrificing deeds is 
as a tale that is told— never getting old, but living 
on and on in some hearts and passing on from gen- 
eration to generation; yea, such a record shall stand 
eternal in the heavens. 
Los Angeles, Col. 



When we talk to the people who have committed 
crime we find very few who confess they have done 
any wrong. Why? Because if they can prove 
themselves innocent it saves imprisonment. There 
would not be so many secret sins were it not for 
fear of punishment. There is not much in a man 
who obeys the laws of our country because he must, 
and in his heart has evil desires. 

Some people are trying to see how far they can 
go without falling under the law. We do not have 
full liberty if we are always fearing that something 
we have done will be revealed. We are out of bond- 
age when we know that we have done our best and 
are willing that anyone may know our intentions. 

We not only find people obeying, through fear, 
the laws of our country; but we find many who live 
as though God does not know all things. Yes, we 
find those who are so anxious for Gospel liberty that 
they want to go farther than the Bible allows. I 
care not what church we are connected with, we do 
not enjoy full liberty if we obey the Gospel alone 
'hrough fear. With a heart full of love we will 
bey all the least commandments as the light comes 
s, no matter whether we understand or not. 
here are 

any like Peter (John 13:8) who refuse, 
j- perhaps because they do not understand. If we 

He sees that 
mple teachings of God, hereafter we 1-!^-"' Xo'live. *"** " *" ^''^ """^ ** 

the very first item to be reckoned in answering this 
question is that each person's view is of necessity 
exceedingly limited. Secondly, each one should 
recognize not only a possibility, but a probability 
of his mind becoming somewhat biased. He makes 
a certain amount of research and gives the subject 
considerable thought and concludes either one way 
or the other. Then he unconsciously looks for 
proofs of his position. 

The man who concludes that the world is grow- 
ing worse says that the rich are growing richer and 
the poor are growing poorer. He sees pride and 
fashion in the lead in the popular churches. He 
sees the salaried ministry stooping to obey the man- 
dates of the wealthy and influential hypocrites 
"Spiritual wickedness in high places " he sees He 
concludes that "in point of consecration and pure 
heart religion the world is growing worse and 

Along comes another man. He points out how 
the world is advancing in " charity, benevolence, 
and civilization." He is looking at another phase 
of the question. He sees the Peace Conference at 
the Hague a few months ago. This to him is ad- 
vancing toward the time when "swords shall be 
beaten into plowshares." He sees how many thou- 
sands of men and women are giving their lives in the 
foreign field for the cause of Christ. He sees how 
the Bible is being published, read and believed as it 
never has been before. He sees how a D. L. Moody 
could fill the largest building in any city with persons 
who hung upon his words while he told the simple 
story of the Gospel. He sees that in the meetings 
of religious bodies and in the press more and more 
is being said about that "higher life." He sees 
among Christian people a craving for a closer com- 
munion with God and less of formality. Although 
he sees popular Christianity seemingly going mad 
with display and pride, he looks below the surface 
and sees thousands of earnest, conscientious people 
doing what they believe to be right. 

find what he looks for. It 
upon both sides. There 

well for us to look 
- great reason to feel 
hopeful for the future of the church, and although 
he ship moves majestically forward the shoals must 
be thought of and proper precautions take 
off the rocks. 
Saginnw, Tex. 

ken to keep 



Who 1 

snail 'know why. 

While at the Pennsylvania station, not long since, 
I learned a lesson along this line: I saw a lady be- 
gin eating her lunch in the ladies' waiting room. 
Of course she did not know it was against the rules, 
and even after being told she refused to go until the 
station master was. informed. Perhaps she did not 
understand why it was necessary to take only a few 
steps in the other room which seemed as nicely 
kept as that. Our deeds are reported to the Master 
and a record is kept. 

Things that we do not remember will some day 
be revealed. So let us enjoy full Gospel liberty by 
being more diligent to live up to all the simple 
teachings of the Bible, for even then we are unprof- 
itable servants. 

205 B Street, N. £., Washington, D. C. 



It is a fact apparent to all that any subject in 
which we are interested presents to us many things 
not noted by others whose attention is directed 
along a different line. A man who is a printer is at 
once attracted by the good or bad workmanship of 
any printed production which comes to his notice. 
A botanist sees plants and flowers which others pass 
by unheeded. 

The question is often asked, " Is the world growing 
better"? One man says, "Yes." Another, equally 
able and observing, says, " No, it is getting worse." 
Now, these men are both honest, and have made a 
study of the subject, but arrive at different conclu- 
sions, from several causes, the principal of which is 
that they are impressed by different phases of the 
same scene. It is commonly thus. Let a number 
of persons view the same landscape, listen to the 
same sermon or look at a beautiful painting; each 
will be impressed somewhat differently from the 

Taking the condition of the world as it is to-day, 

was it said, go? In Matt. 28: 19, Jesus him- 
self commands us to go. Are we doing as we are 
commanded to do? We go, but are we gohWor 
the purpose we are commanded to go? -'Go ve 
therefore and teach all nations, baptizing them in 
the name of the Father," etc. Does he mean me or 
does he mean some other brother or sister? If the 
other commands are for all of us (which they are) 
this one important one is for all. 

It is not possible for us all to go to distant lands, 
neither is ,t necessary, for some must remain here 
and teach at home. Let us all lend aid to those 
that would go if they had the means to do so We 
know they are starving for want of food to sustain 
their That is not as bad as starving for the 
11 Bread of Life/' and we have it given us so freely 
" Freely ye have received, freely give." 

If we go, what shall we teach them? Matt. 28:20 
says: "Teach them to observe all things that I 
have commanded you, and, lo, I will be with you to 
the end of the world." In order to teach them it 
will take a constant study, lest we may not know 
them all. If we do the commands and teach others 
to do them, Jesus will be with us unto the end of 
this world, and in the world to come. 

Let us study and meditate upon God's Word, as 
David of old. He remembered God upon his bed 
and meditated upon him in the night watches. 

.—.act awH dress, mod^tlv. He sees 
how many rich men are giving their rmuio.:"u es- 
tablish and maintain institutions which bless and 
elevate mankind. He sees how the Gospel is 
spreading oyer the world. 

Thus might one continue showing both sides of 
the case indefinitely. When we search for faults in 
a human being they can be found, The same may 
be said as to good qualities. Thus is it with the 
good and evil in the world. The one which we 
make the greater effort to find will seem the more 
prominent. The aggregate on both sides is so im- 
mense that it is impossible for the finite mind to 
grasp it. 

The same condition of affairs exists in the church. 
One brother sees what advancement the church is 
making along different lines. He feels elated when 
he contemplates the growing missionary sentiment 
in the church, — the Sunday-school work, the Sisters' 
Aid Societies, the growing number of city missions, 
and foreign missions, the growth of the Missionary 
Endowment Fund, which assures a permanent in- 
come forever. He sees the increasing number of 
successful schools under the control of Brethren. 
He sees the church recognizing the necessity of 
giving the ministry more financial support than for- 
merly. He sees other points wherein he thinks the 
church is advancing along proper lines. 

Another brother sees a different aspect of the 
same picture. He sees the drifting of the church 
worldward. He concludes that wherein the church 
is different from what it was twenty-five or fifty 
years ago it is just that far wrong. He sees danger 
in a supported ministry, a future, popular, salaried 
ministry. He sees the schools creating a demand 
for a better educated ministry, and on the whole 
the outlook to him is gloomy and exactly the re- 
verse of that seen by the other brother. One looks 
upon the bright side and finds the aspect cheering 
and hopeful. It makes him feel like pushing the 
work as he sees glorious prospects ahead. The 
other looks upon the dark side, and all looks 
gloomy to him. It dampens his enthusiasm and 
weakens his energies. Each of these persons can 


BY ALt.v. 

In Two Parts.— Part One. 

"Pure religion and undefiled before God and the Father is 
this, To visit the fatherless and widows in their affliction, and 
to keep himself unspotted from the world." — James 1: 27. 

A review of the history of the human race dem- 
onstrates the fact that man is a religious being. 
From the dawn of creation to the present time, man 
has shown that he can not do without religion — of 
some sort. The instincts of his nature prompt him 
to acts of devotion. He has always been a believer 
in the existence of a Supreme Being and a future 
state of rewards and punishments. These funda- 
mental principles of Theology, crude and imperfect 
as they were, yet so universally entertained, estab- 
lish beyond controversy, the fact of man's religious 
convictions and devotional nature. This pious in- 
stinct must have an object upon which to expend its 
force — he must worship something! Look back over 
the annals of the race, and we see that the ancient 
Persian worshiped the sun; the ancient Egyptian, 
the crocodile; the Hindoo, the sacred Ganges; 
whilst other pagans bowed down to "stocks and 
stones " or to idols, the workmanship of their own 
hands. All these had a religion — one in which they 
most devoutly believed, and to which they persist- 
ently and steadfastly clung. 

But, without further pursuing this line of thought, 
let us enter upon the consideration of some special 
features of the Christian religion, as it exists in these 
latter days of the nineteenth century, now swiftly 
drawing to a close. This may be termed, as com- 
pared with preceding systems of theology, a new 
religion, being a little less than 2,06*0 years old. 
Taking the Bible as its platform — as " the only in- 
fallible rule of faith and practice" — we might, very 
naturally, be led to expect complete unity of senti- 
ment in doctrine, as well as in form of worship. 
Nothing would seem to be more fitting than unanim- 
ity as to these things, among its disciples. Yet 
we see that this is far from being the case. Indeed, 
instead of unanimity, we find the widest possible 
diversity, both of doctrine and practice. 



Outside of a common assent to certain funda- 
mental principles, there is but little fraternity of 
sentiment among the sects composing nominal 
Christianity. There is a large number of people, in 
every community, who have no just conception of 
what constitutes religion— " pure and undefined "— as 
set forth in the Word of God. We do not refer now 
to that very large class who care nothing about 
religion of any sort— Skeptics, Infidels, Deists, Pleas- 
ure-seekers, Mammon Worshipers, etc., or the care- 
less, indifferent "hearers of the Word," for we do 
not expect much impression to be made on such 
characters as these. But there are, everywhere, 
many earnest and sincere seekers after the truth 
who are interested in this momentous and vital 
question— many who are, indeed, not far from the 
Kingdom of God, and who yet fail to enter therein. 
How shall we account for this sad and deplorable 
state of things? The great "stumbling block" in 
the way are the false impressions entertained of the 
teachings of the Scripture. This grows out of the 
too-common practice of taking liberties with the 
Word of God. And this, too, in face of the 
solemn declaration of our Savior, that " not one jot 
or one tittle of that Word shall pass away," not 
even with the final dissolution of all material things. 
We often hear people speak of what they are 
pleased to call "experimental" religion! Many 
popular churches seem to regard this as the only 
sort of religion worth having, and these bodies, in 
conformity to this view, require of all persons mak- 
ing application for membership a public statement 
of " what the Lord has done for their souls "—in 
other words, their " experience "—and this " experi- 
ence " furnishes (or fails to furnish) what is called 
the " evidence " of their conversion. These " experi- 
ences," it is expected will furnish some strange, un- 
usual, and startling mental phenomena, whereby 
the " candidate " is assured (and the church satis- 
fied) of his " change of heart." We aver .that these 
"experiences" have no liken^ and not a shadow 
of authority in the W' ' "* iK ' s " 
rt jciusa.x.,.., coming ,d?a of God 

spent sleepless, wretched nights bemoaning his aw- 
ful condition, often walked the floor the entire 
night through, weeping, wringing his hands, and 
crying out, " God, be merciful to me a sinner' " 
For a long time-many weeks-this continued, until 
his friends became seriously alarmed lest his reason 
should give way under this terrible strain. Finally 
he says, all at once, without a moment's warning' 
he felt a great " change " come over him, an inde- 
scribable joy filled his soul, and he realized, then and 
there, that his sins were all forgiven. In other words 
according to popular theology, he "got religion." 

The relation of this remarkable "experience" 
(which I heard many times) did me a great -deal of 
harm. It kept me out of the church for 

Jan. 6, ic/ 

ong and 
weary years! "Why?" some one may be led to 
ask. For this reason. I was a mere boy at the 
time. I had the greatest confidence in the piety 
and sincerity of the good old preacher who related 
it with such fervor and emphasis, and I was thereby 
led to believe that I, too, must have just the same 
identical sort of " experience " before I was fit to 
join the church. 

Seranton, Pa. 

( To be continued. ) 


are all dead, and that no more of them will ever b ' 

This reminds me of an elder calling for help i,' 
the ministry, when some of the laity shook their I 
heads and said, " No! I wonder who in our rank 
could preach." And at the same time good breth 
ren were at their command, who after being called 
to the important work proved to be efficient work- 
ers and able expounders of the Word in a very short 
time. We believe the Lord will continue to raise up 
and prepare Joshuas as they are needed to carry on 
his work, until he declares that time shall be 

May the good L 01 d help each one of us to meet 
the obstacles of life only when they appear before 
us in reality, and not borrow trouble by worrying 
over imaginary difficulties which perhaps will never 

Shideler, bid. 



"VJof» as' the whter has been permft'rJcr-toVA^ iv^r^wh'en' wrconsidT-'*' 
these "experiences," he declares they were highly 
sensational, improbable and unnatural in the ex- 
treme. But in so far as their exciting, extravagant 
and sensational features predominated, just in that 
degree were they considered reliable and authentic. 
That these people, who imagine these curious men- 
tal states, are very devout and very sincere in their 
belief we have little doubt. But we know that sin- 
cerity of belief is no evidence of the truth of anything. 
The Mohammedan is as sincere as the Christian, 
and the pagan as sincere as either. The people 
who relate these experiences may be very sincere 
and honest, but they are laboring under a delusion, 
and they are doing much harm by promulgating 
these false doctrines. 

In the first place, these highly wrought " expe- 
riences " are unnatural, so much so, indeed, that none 
but the "favored(?) few" enjoy any knowledge of 
them. They are beyond the pale of " the common 
herd." But we know that the benefits of the Gos- 
pel are designed for all mankind, for all that will 
accept its conditions, and these conditions are sim- 
ple, plain, and within the ability and comprehen- 
sion even of the common mind. It is declared of 
our Savior that " the common people heard him 
gladly." These plain Gospel conditions,— and not 
" feeling," temperament, startling " experiences," 
etc.,— are the only genuine test of Christian char- 
acter. The writer recalls the case of a sincere and 
devout man — a minister of an orthodox sect — whose 
"experience" was a vivid and shining example of 
the kind already described. This " experience " the 

good man relied on as of the " regulation " sort, 

the only genuine, authentic, unquestionable " evi- 
dence " of his " conversion,"— and not only so, but 
it was the standard article by which he judged of 
the genuine character, or vice versa, of everybody 
else's conversion. 

This wonderful "experience" was, in brief, about 
this: While yet a youth, hearing a very impressive 
and solemn sermon, he became deeply convicted of 
sin, fell into great distress of mind, began to con- 
sider himself the greatest sinner that ever lived 

In studying the heading of this article we learn 
that an optimist is one who holds that all events are 
ordered for the best; while a pessimist is one who 
complains of everything as being for the worst. 

When we consider the advancement the church 
has made in her colleges, Bible schools, and kindred 
associations, which are for the sole purpose of im- 
proving the intellectual faculties and spiritual ad- 
vancement of our young people, and the older ones 
as well, so as to make them more efficient in church 

- , »'--'M"°J»r.yrl». t v i firU_.-.o J1 aili«/*s > ".-, - j„ 

we consider the present mission worv 
and the efforts put forth to evangelize the world, and 
the calling of many young, gifted brethren to the 
ministry, thus to be better prepared more fully to 
carry out the command of the "Go ye;" and when 
we consider the spirit manifested by the church in 
responding so liberally to the call for assistance of 
poor, starving India, and many other steps in the 
right direction, we feel like being pronounced an op- 
timist on these points. 

But when we consider the seemingly growing ten- 
dency in the church to follow the world and pop- 
ular Christianity in our appearance and wearing ap- 
parel, instead of following Christ who is the only 
proper fashion plate for all in whom he dwells, and 
when we see so many who should be of like precious 
faith, attending public amusements and entertain- 
ments, such as circus shows, county fairs, and comic 
performances of all sorts, we are made to pause for 
a moment. Well, from this standpoint we would 
not like to be pronounced an optimist, but rather a 

But, however, we should always try to look on the 
bright side of the picture, and, if possible, make it 
shine more brilliantly, and let the dark side take 
care of itself and perhaps it will rust out or die out, 
in course of time, for lack of attention. We have 
heard it said that if certain true and tried elders 
should be called away by death the church would 
lose her power and go down for the lack of a faith- 
ful leader to carry on the work. We are told that 
the Lord called Moses to deliver the children of Is- 
rael from under Egyptian bondage, and to lead them 
through the wilderness to the promised land. But 
before Moses had fully accomplished the work as- 
signed him, the Lord prepared Joshua to take up 
the march and complete the work and then called 
Moses hence. And we are told that Joshua did 
everything that Moses was commanded to do. 

If our Moses should be called from our midst, let 
us be optimists, and then look around for a Joshua 
who is more vigorous and perhaps just as competent 


Synefsl, ,f„ Smmn Preached « ,/„ Dedieali.n „/«, a „w*,t It 
CttunA, Reported by Caleb Long. 

"For see, saith he, that thou make all things according to 
the pattern shewed to thee in the mount."— Heb. 8: 5. 

God has a pattern of things in heaven. No pat- 
tern for saloons there, as none is needed. The devil 
furnishes the pattern for them. The signs on sa- 
loons are misleading; instead of being the most 
glittering signs in town, they should have a collec- 
tion of skeletons in the show window which would 
represent that death and destruction are inside. 

I always feel glad to see a new churchhouse I' t 
is a recognition of the universal existence of Got o 
and brings a feeling of safety. Illustration: A ere' it 
of skeptical sailors were shipwrecked and throw n 
on a South Sea island. They were made to shud- ' 
Jkratthe thought of being among cannibals. One 
of the crew climbed to the top of a hill and saw a 
church. He called to his comrades, told them to 
come on; they were safe. 

I would that churches were on every hilltop, near 
enough that praise from one would reverberate to 
the other, and that a schoolhouse were in the hol- 
low between. Were it not for the unnecessary ex- 
pense a spire should be on every church, showing 
that our God is above and representing the elevat- 
ing influence of churches. The spire on saloons 
should point downward, showing that their influence 
is downward to degradation and their doom beneath. 
The elevating influence of the Christian religion at- 
tests its superiority over all other religions, and 
proves its pattern to be given by a higher power 
than man. 

Every system of religion recognizes four things. 


The churchhouse is a place for Christian wor- 
ship, where dwells the Shekinah of God. Your 
body is a temple where dwells the Holy Spirit. 
" What? know ye not that your body is the temple 
of the Holy Ghost which is in you, which ye have 
of God, and ye are not your own?" 1 Cor. 6: 19. 
To dedicate these walls to God and have a Godless, 
Christless people worship with them would be vain. 
The temple of our bodies should be according to 
the divine pattern; not to have the devil ornament 
them; not a walking advertisement for Paris, nei- 
ther a representative of a cigar factory, nor a to- 
bacco sign. " If any man defile the temple, him 
shall God destroy." Second, 

the heart, on which is offered the sacrifice of praise 
and thanksgiving. To dedicate the altar (the 
heart) to God and not the walls (the body) would 
not be according to the divine fitness of things, 
" For ye are bought with a price," therefore, 
glorify God in your body and in your spirit, 

and trusty as was Moses. Don't think the Joshuas which are God's." 1 Cor. 6: 20. Third 



The Christian religion is based upon sacrifice,- 
",h Greatest sacrifice the world has ever seen, a 
' u-K sacrifice a perfect sacrifice. Chnst sacn- 
fi'LTev y hing became poor that we might be 
nade rich So we should sacrifice everything for 
CM t Not only are our own - bodies a sac- 
rifice " but our hands, our stock, yea, everything. 
We are only stewards. Then the mission work 
would not want means. Fourth, 


Christ is the perfect high priest. He needed not 
to C h ff r e 5 rYo S r his own sins, as did the Levitica pries. 


,, T be filled. For I say unto you that none of 

"nose men which were bidden shall taste of my sup- 

ner " Here is a positive declaration that they who 

elesst spend 'the precious time God has giver, 

. them to make that necessary preparation tc, fit them 

.meeting was held at the Brownsvi^ 



Dec. 6 and 7. 1899. The meeting was organized by 
electing Eld. A. B. Barnhart, Moderator; Eld. W 
S. Reichard, Vice-Moderator; D.Victor Long ; Sec 
retary; Eld. John Rowland, Treasurer. Anaddress 
of welcome was given in appropriate words by Eld 
Eli Yourtee 

for eternity, w 11 uc iu«»u "- &- - . , 

and steem are contemptible when compared with 
honors of humble souls at the last day and in the 

^Tlravfheard it said that to go out into the high- 
ways and hedges would refer to the low and de- 
graded, the off-casts of our large cities; but we can 
giiut-u, missionaries 

, T w o graded, uic uil-^""" «* — — ° _ . 

li Yourtee. £ nd them right at home, and if we are missionaries 

F.RSTTop.c.-"When isSong Service Appropriate, j ^ ^ ^S ^ ^ ^ ^ be) „ e need „<* go 

and to what Extent? ' 


, as did the priesi- ano 10 .» -~ «•■•-• - ex 

rZ^r'Hri, Priest that is life .d J^V^S. 

This house was ^0^ r^hortV^one Z om ToPI c._V The Influence 1 of -*~ Life o 

SS on "etthXould have been lops^ Pat s in BHnging %££»£££ ^h- 

biuc i'"" , , ,. j. W oula nave p--,; warm, spirited lams wv..- ft .,, i 

Had a window or door been left out »° eral warm p ^^ ^ Mt on i y 

b een rejected. So our "r^JS^TlS br n g " t'o^the M but will make Chris 

c ate and dedicate this house, ourselves, and all we 
have to God! This will be dedication indeed. 

P " ate ' t h ^aXver -e^to be) we need not go 
Song service is appropriate) at hear^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^^ , ands t0 

Manassas, Va. 




:huaren lu m*. ■-- - _ , 

tians. Let us live what we profess, give precept and 
example The influence of the home ,s silent, but 
S and permanent. It begins at birth, goes 
(h ough life, clings in death, and reaches into eter 
ni w It is not neutral, but is either for W or to/. 
The influence of the home forms character and 
habit moulds faith, awakens and directs sympathy. 
haDU, mom rhrUtian sDirit it cannot develop 

Sln^il T- ^eriiy of the church is 
Measured by the number ol Christian homes. J. 

w ..-the advent of practical education came the are the channel througl 

of various devices for the promotion of ethical \ reacnes the children. 

school. And trie 1 t ... t „s of tr- Scoo- 

for new.rfevices for teacb n| , Jtie r. Ut IIC _ 

tures. Some should be rejected and some adopted. 
There is sometimes a tendency to' " fads " or " hob- 
bies" in Sunday school as well as in public school 
teaching. Before adopting any method or device 
two questions should be settled. First, it is a pri- 
mary principle of teaching that before a mode of 
procedure is decided upon the end to be attained 
should be considered. Carefully should the results 
which we desire to reach be studied before we make 
a study of the means by which these results are to 
be reached. If the end is not desirable, no device 
whatever should be employed. 

The first question to be put to any device, there- 
fore, is, " Does the end to be reached justify the use 
of a'device at all?" A device is a concrete help in 
the illustration of an abstract truth. But not all 
abstract truths can be illustrated by devices. And 
even if they may be, it is sometimes a question 
whether a device is necessary, or whether it does 
not really detract from the great truth of the lesson. 
The second question to be put is, " Is this the 
best device that can be contrived to teach the great 
truths of the lesson, or secure a regular attendance, 
or awaken a greater interest, or whatever may be 
the intent of the device? " The relation of the 
method to the results to be obtained should be 
carefully compared with other devices proposed or 
thought of, and their comparative values and points 
of excellency considered. Only the best should be 
chosen. That which is not the best is not worth 
employing. Dr. E. E. White has said that we owe 
pupils the very best teaching we can give them, 
" For," says he, " the very best is poor enough." 

We conclude, therefore, that devices in the Sun- 
day school should be used with caution and great 
care, and only those selected which have been 
already tested to some extent, if possible, for we 
should not experiment with childhood. And if 
great care is to be used in ordinary teaching, as to 
method and device, how much more careful should 
we be in teaching spiritual truths and reaching after 
moral and spiritual benefits! 
Citronelle, Ala. 

Third Topic.-" How do I Prepare my Sermons?' 
Use system It produces a better effect on the con 
gregation Sermons should be^outlined, ta^note. , 

.I'-hat in iWf fr.rtr.-Mrn nf rhz.* o-X*" .*^e r.- *"* *«"" 

used as little as possible while preaching. 

Fourth Topic.—" What is the Best Possible 
Means to Induce Brethren to adopt the Order of 
the Church? " The church has failed to carry out 
former decisions of Annual Meeting. More teach- 
ing is needed. Teach not the form less, but the 
principle more. One trouble is Brethren not living 
faithful to their promise. Use love, and enforce 
rules as a last resort. This may not help the broth- 
er, but it will help the church. 

Fifth Topic.—" Importance of Prayer Covering, 
and when it Should be Worn." Woman lost the Di- 
vine relation in the transgression. Part of woman's 
curse was that man should rule over her, be her 
head. Hence the covenant in the law was made 
with the man,— circumcision, etc. The veil is a 
sign of authority or power over the relative head. 
Woman was created for the man,— glory of the man. 
Veil covers human glory, hence gives power— " All one 
in Christ." We, like Paul, have two parties to deal 
with. One holds down the woman by not allowing 
her the right the prayer covering gives. The other 
wants oneness and power without the divine ar- 

Sixth Topic— " Highways and Hedges Work." 
The following remarks by Sister Portie Rowland 
were followed by interesting talks from others; 
This highways and hedges work refers to the 
marriage feast, or parable of the great supper, 
which teaches us the great provisions in the Gos- 
pel for all men in all ages of this dispensation. The 
supper is made for the guests, and the invitation 
sent out that " All things are now ready." But they 
begin to make excuses— just as in this our day, 
and make their preparation for the feast a secondary 
matter. The invitation is then extended to the 
poor, the halt and the blind. " Go out quickly into 
the streets and lanes of the City and bring them in." 
In this age persons are turned away for want of 
room, but then, after having invited them, the ser- 
vant said, " It is done as thou hast commanded, and 
yet there is room." " Go out into the highways and 
hedges and compel them to come in, that my house 

carry" thTmessage of the Gospel There 

abundance of work to be done within our reach. 

No one with a heart to work need be idle. We 

may go to our little towns and villages, and we will 

find many who do not know by experience the 

power of Christian faith. It may require greater 

skill and patience to get them into the kingdom 

han those' who never heard the Gospel message 

» Come to the feast, all things are ready. Those 

who refused to come well knew their duty, but 

Tve"e too intent on grasping the things pertaining 

^°onemaysay,Whatcan/do? Whatinfluence 
can I have to induce them to come and help work 
o he Master? We can have great mnuence if in 
our whole life, wherever we go, we bear w lt h us the 
spirit of Christ, the spirit of consecration, the spirit 
of devotion. Go with a smiling face to the down- 
rodden, help them up. Speak kindly tenderiy to 
the broken-hearted. Grasp warmly the hands o 
he erring ones, tell them with a Christ-like spirit of 
he love of Jesus. Ah, yes, a life of consecration to 
he work of mercy and charity holds joys so pure 
and'weet. that few having once tasted its happiness 
are Tling to relinquish it. As long as there are 
rffe^ngs^re^irnjind gnefs to soothe, let us be 
fou-rit- wanted to^call the sei », 

tfffi t 1 aithfu'rt7ourca'lfiSg sent ^ *mfWself should 
MermiLthe rest r,f an... 
" What wilt thou do lor tl.- . ... .- - . I ^<- v "£d 

Who loves you as no other could, 
Who blesses thee daily and hourly. 
Withholding no thing thd is good? 
" What wilt thou do for the Master? 
Go comfort some sorrowing heart. 
Some weary one's burden make lighter, 
Do something wherever thou art. 

" What wilt thou do for the Master? 
Go sing for the lonely and sad. 
Go lift up some downtrodden brother. 

Be helpful, be hopeful, be glad. 
"So many are walking in darkness. 
So many are going astray, 
And many are starving for friendship, 

And many are dying to-day. 
" In blessed and holy endeavor. 
Go serving the Master Divine, 
And yonder forever and ever 
Abundant reward shall be thine." 

Seventh Topic— " Causes of Failure in Church 
Work." Attributed largely to lack of interest in 
Sunday schools. Good Sunday schools make good 
congregations. Our children are the future church. 

Wednesday evening was spent with much interest 
and profit in discussing the following topics, with 
warm, enthusiastic talks: 

" How Best Interest Disinterested Members in 
Mission Work?" 

"Christian Courtesy. Its Advantages, and how 

A liberal collection was taken for the mission 

In all, this meeting was one of the best and most 
spiritual ever held in our District. If all will carry 
home the good thoughts and inspiration received, 
much good will result. 

Fairplay, Mil. 

It is the little words you speak, the little thought 
you think, the little thing you do or leave undone, 
the little moments you waste or use wisely, the little 
temptations which you yield to or overcome, the 
little things of every day that are making or mar- 
ring your future life. 


Jan. 6, igoo;. 


Sermon Outlines. Homiletical Suggestions and Aids 
for the Minister. 

nrWc earnestly solicit contributions tor this departmeni 

practical helps lor the preachei 
dress all matter intended lor t 
Box 776, Elkhart, Ind. 

, us credit will invariably . 
department to Eld. A. H. Putrrbaugh, 

000D NEWS. 

BY D. C. 


sws trom 

■' As cold waters to a thirsty soul, so is good t 
Prov. 25= 'S- 

I. Sin drove man out of the country. 

1, From Garden of God. 

2. Into land of sorrow. 
II, Contrast of two countries. 

1. Ours— aches, pains, death. 

2. Other— perpetual youth. 
III. Bequest of favors. 

1. Delivered from slavery of sin into liberty. 

2. Sent us a guide. 

3. Reception of directions. 
, Immigrant— relatives. 

1. Glad to meet them. 

2. Take our relatives along. 
V. Scene of our habitation. 

1. House not made with hands. 

2. Golden streets. 

3. Pearly gates. 

4. Angelic music. 

5. Our neighbors. 
Darlington, Ind. 




The old year has made its record and gone from 
us forever, but the issues which have grown out of 
the opportunities coming to us, and in which we 
have taken active part, are still with us and will tell 
for good or ill as our work has been. Shall we not 
pause a moment and take a view of the past year, 
ecount the blessings, mercies^ k jnd arTcKlH I \ it ' es 
placed within our reacho' entered the year with^ 
twelve molitlTs ago, are here no more; their life's 
work is done and they are in possession of the prom- 
ised reward. We are still here, although we have 
slighted God's mercies, forgotten his blessings and 
let slip many golden chances for doing good, yet 
we are not left without promise and hope. In look- 
ing over the past even our failures should prove 
blessings to us, enabling us to face our weaknesses and 
fortify against them, so we be not again overcome. 
The special manifestations of Providence which se- 
cured for us our present happy condition ought not 
to be passed over without visible expressions of 
gratitude to God on account of the untold mercies 
sent upon us with a lavish hand. Have you done 
your best? How many sermons did you preach? 
Were they your best efforts for saving souls? Did 
you bring together all legitimate means at hand to 
embellish and enrich them with heavenly manna? 
Are you conscious that they were in perfect accord 
with the Divine Record? Did you put the fire of 
your soul into the messages and pray the accompa- 
niment of the Holy Spirit? Last, not least, did you 
send them forth conscious of their mission, as God's 
messages to dying and fallen men? If so, you have 
done well, and ought to be very happy. If you 
have failed, do not be despondent, determine at 
once to succeed. Others have fought their way up 
over rugged paths; you can do the same. Less 
sleep, less manual toil, fewer idle moments, more 
hard study and greater consecration to the cause of 
the Master will prove winning factors toward suc- 
cess. There is no work of so much promise, yet 
fraught with such awful responsibilities and so cer- 
tain in its results, as the calling to the sacred minis- 
try. God, through the prophet, astounded the 
world by the heralding of a most solemn, awful 
truth in Is. 55: 11. No human ingenuity can escape 
the blaze of this most wonderful declaration. With 
this guarantee your work is absolute, eternity-reach- 
ing as to possibilities, heart-searching, and soul- 
convicting, wherever the divine message may fall. 
You need to resolve to do your part faithfully. 
Every utterance should have the seal of heaven, a 
perfect correspondence with the Divine Record, 

In questions of soul-saving truth, there must be no 
equivocation, either through ignorance or otherwise; 
God's messages must be yours. There is not much 
room for self in a divinely appointed and holy, con- 
secrated ministry. If you are to hit the mark, you 
need not do much guessing. God's arrows, laden 
with holy truth, go to the heart with unerring cer- 
tainty and guarantee the fulfillment of 2 Cor. 2: 14- 
16. God never misses the mark; we do, because 
humanity predominates and crowds out the divine. 
Then we wonder why. Will not a faithful view over 
the past answer our inquiry, and point us to our 
needed consecration? 


We are now entered upon another year, one 
that bids for wonderful events and wonderful ful- 
fillments. This last year of the nineteenth century 
and the first few years of the twentieth will either 
confirm some of the most wonderful calculations of 
men as to the interpretation of prophecy and chro- 
nological data, or they will make sad havoc with 
the ingenuities of men who have dared to set a 
period and name a year for the fulfillment of claims 
of which they know absolutely nothing. There is 
no doubt as to the fulfillment in the proper time, 
and no doubt but God will take care of this work 
himself. The creditable course for us to pursue is, 
in simple trust, to be faithful to our Lord until he 
comes. Be assured that all the events filling the 
interim between this and his coming will find their 
true place in God's own chronological table. Be 
not surprised if it does not correspond with ours. 

We need be faithful in all our work, and resolve 
to do more this year than any year previous. There 
ought to be a great moving forward by all of God's 
faithful servants, dealing out the truth of heaven 
for the destruction of Satan's work and for the up- 
building of the kingdom of grace. Great strides 
have been made in every department of the world's 
activity in this nineteenth century, and this closing 

s (ear bids fair to eclipse every preceding one. Will 
1 y\ju nut i»i«_n, 111^- utu, uiuLuti, im.t; d £»u,»i. 1.. ;.._ 

vancing the spiritual kingdom of the Redeemer 
preparatory to its Unking with the twentieth cen- 
tury, which may bring forward the greatest events 
of our world's history? We need not only resolu- 
tions, but we need preparation for active work in 
the spiritual field, setting forth and holding up the 
teachings of the humble carpenter of Nazareth. 
Let us not simply talk of, but let us exemplify the 
teaching of the Holy Book. We may find useful- 
ness in striving for better sermons, for more of the 
sanctifying influences of the Holy Spirit, for closer 
fellowship with Jesus Christ and holy communion 
with the Father. Then seek to bring souls into 
their relation with all the means of redeeming 
grace. p. 




The Child Jesus Visits Jerusalem.— Luke 2: 41-52, 

Lessor; for Jan. 14, iqoo. 
Golden Text. — And Jesus increased in wisdom and stature, 
and in favor with God arid man. — Luke 2: 52. 

Our last lesson was the birth of Christ, and for 
this one we have him going up to Jerusalem at the 
age of twelve. Between the two, there are several 
links in the chain of his early life that we should 
look at, that we may have the sacred story as com- 
plete as possible. 

After the eventful night had passed away, and the 
shepherds had returned to their watching of their 
flocks, as they again left their folds for the early 
morning pasturage, we lose sight of both parents 
and child until this eighth day, when, according to 
the Jewish law, he was circumcised as all Jewish 
male children were. 

Again, after forty days, they went up to Jerusalem 
and presented the child at the temple, with the 
largest offering they had to give,- and the smallest 
allowed by law, — a pair of turtle doves or two young 
pigeons. They were very poor, but gladly offered 
the best they had. 

Following this, they received a very notable visit 
from the wise men of the East, who gave gifts to the 
greatest Gift that was ever given to the world. 
About these gifts, what they were and what disposi- 
tion was made of them, there has been much specu- 
lation—and the word expresses all that can be said 
about them. We, years ago, heard the thought ad- 
vanced that the gifts were of great value, and that 
on the proceeds of them the parents were enabled 
to live and provide comfortably for a number of 
years. It is a reasonable supposition that they were 
valuable, but what was done with them can never be 

We next have their flight into Egypt to escape the 
anger of the murderous Herod, who was determined 
to destroy the child's life. After the death of this 
man they returned to their native land and settled 
down at their old home in Nazareth. Here the 
child dwelt with his parents, and for nine years he was 
busied with the scenes of common boyhood, as far 
as history can tell us. The Apocryphal New Testa- 
ment is full of wonders performed by the mother of 
Jesus while they were on their way to Egypt, but 
they are not considered reliable, and therefore we 
will not give them. Also there are many incidents 
given of his life while at Nazareth. The next event 
recorded in his life history is the visit to Jerusalem 
at the age of twelve, and that is the subject of the 

The narrative says: "And when he was twelve 
years old, they went up to Jerusalem after the cus- 
tom of the feast." What kind of a boy he was at this 
age we cannot surely tell. But as it is said of his father 
that he was a " devout man " and of his mother that 
she "kept all these things and pondered them in 
her heart," we can feel assured that his training was 
the very best. And the narrative says: " The child 
grew, and waxed strong in spirit, filled with wisdom; 
and the grace of God was upon him." All these 
things show that he was beyond the ordinary, in 
th and wisdom. And yet, not sufficiently so to 
. 1 ■„.... ,.„i,;.^jeu .■— vcr, 1PC J3i attention. This 
we assume because of the occurrence that took place 
on their return homeward. 

It is presumed that on such occasions the people 
travelled together in large parties, that the men and 
women formed separate companies, and that it was 
the custom that the children could be with either 
the men or the women, at their pleasure. In this 
way the not missing of the boy, who tarried behind, 
is accounted for. The father, supposing him to be 
with the mother, was not alarmed at his absence, 
and the mother, supposing him to be with the father, 
did not make any inquiry about him, until the close 
of the day, when they would all meet together to 
camp for the night. It seems to us that this seem- 
ing indifference on the part of the parents and the 
kinsfolk goes to show that, as yet, there were no re- 
markable developments in his boy life that made 
him especially distinctive; and yet the occurrences 
do show that he was sufficiently trustworthy to take 
care of himself. 

But the most interesting part of the story is not 
the missing the boy, and the seeking to find him, 
but the place where he was found and what he was 
doing. Even the parents did not seem to have a 
proper estimate of the character of their boy. The 
first seeking after him was among the kinsfolk. 
Not finding him there, they returned to the city and 
for three days sought after him. Where do you 
suppose they looked for him? On the street 
corners? In the stores, shops, stables, bad places? 
If you were to be left in a town or city, where would 
your parents look for you? That depends on the 
kind of life you had been living. Good boys, as a 
rule, are not found in bad places or with bad boys. 
This Christ boy was found just where he belonged — 
in the temple, in the Lord's house. And he was 
about his Father's business. 

The lesson to us and to you is, Be good, and 
you will be found with the good, in safe places. 
The twelve-year-old Christ is a most beautiful lesson 
for all young boys and girls. Begin early in life 
to live the Christ life, and day by day try to be like 
him. h. b. b. 

Jan. 6, 1900. 





A little elbow leans upon your knee, 

Your tired knee that has so much to bear; 
A child's dear eyes are looking lovingly 

From underneath a thatch of tangled hair. 
Perhaps you do not heed the velvet touch 

Of warm, moist fingers, folding yours so tight, 
You do not prize this blessing overmuch; 

You almost are too tired to pray to-right. 

But it is blessedness! A year ago 

f did not see it as I do to-day — 
We are so dull and thankless; and too slow 

To catch the sunshine till it slips away. 
And now it seems surpassing strange to me 

That, while 1 wore the badge of motherhood, 
I did not kiss more oft and tenderly 

The little child that brought me only good. 
And if, some night, when you sit down to rest. 

You miss the elbow from the tired knee, 
This restless, curling bead from off your breast, 

This lisping tongue that chatters constantly: 
If from your own the dimpled hands had slipped, 

And ne'er would nestle in your palm again; 
If the white feet into their grave had tripped, 

I could not blame you for your heartache then! 

I wonder so that mothers ever fret 

At little children clinging to their gown. 
Or that the footprints, when the days are wet. 

Are ever black enough to make them frown. 
If I could find a little muddy boot, 

Or cap, or jacket, on my chamber floor; 
If I could kiss a rosy, restless foot, 

And hear a patter in my home once more; 

If I could mend a broken cart to-day, 

To-morrow make a kite to reach the sky- 
There is no woman in God's world could say 

She was more blissfully content than I. 
But, ah! the dainty pillow next my own 

Is never rumpled by a shining head; 
My singing birdling from its nest has flown, 

The little boy I used to kiss is dead. 



Upon the prudent and faithful management of the 
home depend, in a measurable degree, the prosperity 
and happiness of the church. The home is the type 
of the church hence we must necessarily have good 
Christian homes that we may have a good church. 

We should have God-fearing people in our homes 
— this should be our purest motive. There may be 
motives stronger and more general, but none so 
pure as the love of God. It is the source of every- 
thing that is good in man. It prompts us with a de- 
sire to serve him upon all occasions whether it be 
in the home or in the church. It will prompt us to 
do kind and generous things to our friends, our ac- 
quaintances, and our neighbors. 

In looking around us we find that the bulk of 
additions to the church are the offspring of mem- 
bers of the church; therefore we see the importance 
of having homes in which loyalty to the church and 
to its principles are taught. If the instruction is 
along this line the children must naturally be 
drawn into this channel. The foundation for the 
usefulness of the young in the church is laid in the 
life of the parent, and although the offspring may 
drift away for a time, nevertheless they will ere long 
be brought into the church. The home in connec- 
tion with the Sunday school, is the nursery of the 
church. What a sad picture do we find in families 
of the church where the children have been lost to 
the church, scattered to the four winds, because of 
the inconsistent, negligent lives of the parents and 
for the want of proper teaching in the home. 

Early impressions are the most lasting and exert 
the greatest influence in life. The smallest ideas 
fixed on the minds of children in private life after- 
ward flow forth to the world and become its public 
opinion. A good teacher will exercise judgment so 
as not to overteach, so as to assist, not destroy. 
He must be able to comprehend the underlying 

rinciple which is necessary in successful training. 

'ence the importance of the old adage, " Train up 

child in the way he should go." 

What is true of our church is true of all churches. 
e Catholics hold that the instruction of the first 

seven years determines the future of the child's life, 
so much depends upon the training or discipline of 
the home. He who knows how to govern the home 
will also know how to use discipline and good gov- 
ernment in the church. Children under proper in- 
fluence will be made to feel that the church is our 
church and that they are a part of it. It is an unfor- 
tunate condition for a family when children say, in 
speaking of the church, " Your church." 

The idea that the young must first wander into 
sin before they are fit to enter the church is a mis- 
taken one. Oh! how early Satan and the world 
begin to deceive the child's mind and to lead him 
astray. How eagerly, then, should parents and 
teachers begin, while the child is innocent, to get 
the start of these misleading influences, that the 
young may be gathered into the fold before launch- 
ing out upon the broad ocean of life. How much 
bitter lamenting could be avoided if parents would 
properly instruct the young mind while under the 
parental roof. 

We should have a taste and relish for devotion. 
It is what good men in all ages have felt strongly. 
We read of aged persons who have passed the great- 
er part of their time in acts of devotion and passed 
it with enjoyment. Anna, the prophetess, was of 
great age; she departed not from the temple, but 
served God with fastings and prayers both night 
and day. Devotion is one of the things which 
should never be set aside. The daily family pray- 
ers, in which all join, unite the various mem- 
bers before God. The absent are remembered, the 
erring are commended to God, and, oh! what an 
overshadowing of God's presence and love! Bnt 
alas! how many homes there are in the land where 
there is no prayer, no praise, no worship. 

Influence in the home has a powerful effect upon 
our walk in life toward others and for the church 
which we represent. Dr. Hamilton has very truth- 
fully and touchingly said: "Those of you who are 
best acquainted with the world, or who have read 
most extensively the histories of men, will allow 
that in the formation of character, the most telling 
influence is the early home. It is that home which 
often in youth has formed beforehand our most 
famous scholars, our most celebrated heroes, our 
most devoted missionaries, and even when men 
have grown up reckless and reprobate, and have 
broken all restraints, both human and divine, the 
last anchor which has dragged, the last cable they 
have been able to snap, is the memory which 
moored them to a virtuous home. As long as one 
is anchored to a Christian home, to its experiences 
in youth, and to its memory in later life, he is rea- 
sonably safe for this life and the next." 

If it cannot be said of us at home that we are 
Christians, if there is not an influence drawing those 
about us in the right direction, home is not what it 
should be. In our daily tasks and responsibilities is 
often illustrated that practical lesson which the 
church so much needs, that of mutual help Trials 
discipline us and fit us for life's great battles; 
through them we learn patience, submission and 
trust in God. In our trials, perhaps more than at 
any other time, we need sympathy and help, and all 
teach us that "none liveth to himself." It is a 
school where we may learn endurance and charity, 
and where the sense of religious needs is developed, 
and under the shadow of its bereavements we ap- 
preciate the glorious vision of faith. 

Let us cultivate the good, the pure and the beauti- 
ful in our homes,— yes, everything we wish for the 
church in time and eternity should be taught and 
enforced in the home; then "all thy children shall 
be taught of the Lord, and great shall be the peace 
of thy children." 
Mechanicsburg, Pa. 


One hundred years ago the spirit of the immortal 
Washington took leave of this world. Although he 
had nearly completed his sixty-eighth year of life, 
every indication promised him yet many years more 
in which to enjoy the respect and affection of his grate- 
ful countrymen. Nature had endowed him with a su- 

perb physique and sound constitution. In his prime 
he stood six feet and one inch in height, weighed 
from 210 to 220 pounds, and possessed the agility 
of a panther and the strength of a lion. Temperate 
diet, outdoor exercise and labor, and regularity of 
habit had developed and preserved his physical 
powers to a remarkable degree. They had never 
been impaired to the slightest extent by any vicious 
habit. No vice had ever been able to fix its gnaw- 
ing tooth upon the fibre of his inflexible character. 
He had therefore come nearly to the allotted 
" threescore years and ten," erect of form, with the 
glow of health upon his cheeks, with natural force 
unabated and eye undimmed. 

That fateful Friday morning after breakfast Wash- 
ington went out to make some improvements in 
front of his home. A drizzling rain turned first to 
sleet and then to snow. He therefore took up some 
indoor task until dinner was called. At about two 
o'clock in the afternoon he complained of chilliness 
and nausea, but continued his labor. In the even- 
ing he came to the supper-table as usual, but only 
drank a cup of tea. 

After supper he retired to his library with Col. >. 
Tobias Lear, his private secretary and superinten- 
dent of his private affairs. They remained together 
until near midnight, during which time the soreness 
in his throat and his hoarseness grew worse. To a 
suggestion of Col. Lear he replied, " No; you know 
I never take anything for a cold; let it go as it 
came." When he retired to his bedroom his wife 
upbraided him for remaining up so late, especially 
when he was not well. He returned this memorable 
reply: " I came as soon as my business was accom- 
plished. You know that through a long life it has 
been my unvaried rule never to put off till to-mor- 
row the duties which should be performed to-day." 
He went to bed, not to sleep, but to spend the re- 
mainder of the night in feverish restlessness. His 
wife wanted to call the servants and send for a doc- 
tor, but he would not consent lest she herself should 
take cold; neither would he permi.t the r>»st " f ™' - 
one to be disturbed till morning. When" dayligr.. 
came a messenger was sent in haste to Dr. Craik. 
Meantime the overseer was called in, who opened a 
vein and let out a small quantity of blood. But 
this brought the sufferer no relief. Dr. Craik soon 
arrived and Doctors Dick, of Alexandria, and 
Brown, of Port Tobacco, were called in consultation. 
All day the struggle continued, but in spite of all that 
could be done the disease steadily gained upon its 
victim. Before the sun went down all hope had 
gone. Washington, though in great pain, uttered 
no word of complaint, but endured with patience 
the sufferings that were to be unto death. 

Owing to the swollen and inflamed condition of 
his throat, any effort to speak was attended with 
great pain, while it was very difficult for him to 
make himself understood. He therefore spoke but 
little. What few words he did utter were listened 
to eagerly, and were treasured up in the grateful 
memories of those to whom they were spoken. One 
of his old servants, while gently smoothing out his 
pillow, asked him some question, to which he re- 
plied, " I am very ill." To Dr. Craik he said, " I am 
dying, sir; but I am not afraid to die." He was the 
most self-possessed person in the room. Frequent- 
ly he expressed regret that he should be the cause 
of trouble and anxiety to others. His mind was 
perfectly clear and he knew that the end was at 
hand. He called his wife to him and told her to go 
to his desk, look in his private drawer, and bring 
him two papers she would find there. He looked 
them over, and then handed them back to her, say- 
ing, "These are my wills: preserve this one and 
burn the other." Then, speaking to Col. Lear, he 
said, " At length I am going. Have me decently 
buried, and do not let my body be put in the vault 
in less than three days after I am dead." He was 
evidently keeping close watch upon the sands of his 
life. He was seen to feel for his pulse. Then he 
asked what time it was. Being told that it was some 
minutes after ten o'clock, he composed his body at 
length, folded his hands over his bosom, closed his 
eyes, and fell asleep never to awake. 


> : 


Jan. 6, 1900. 

The Gospel Messenger, 



Brethren Publishing House, 


The General Missionary and Tract Committee. 
22 and 24 South State St , Elgin, 111. 

It is too soon to commence inserting standing no- 
tices for feasts to be held in May and June. The 
standing announcements may commence in March. 
Until then a single notice in the reports from the 
churches, ought to be sufficient. 

Subscription, $1.50 per Annum in Advance. 


J. H. Moorh Office Editor. 

Jos. Amick, Business Manager. 

D. L. Miller, Illinois, 
H. B. Brumbaugh, Pa. 

Aitritarr CommUtit: Enoch Cfty, DaMtl Hayt. W. R. Drrttr. 

E**~AH business and communications intended lor the paper should be 
addressed to the Brethren Publishing House, Elgin, III., and not to an; 
individual connected with it. 

Entered at the Post-office at Elgin, III., as Second-class matter. 

Six recently united with the church at Nezperce, 

Bro. H. E. Early is to be at Nappanee, Ind., the 
last of next week. 

On Christmas six were baptized in the German- 
town church, Virginia. 

Bro. Albert Hollinger writes us that the house 
in Washington City is not quite completed. 

The series of meetings in the Sugar Creek church, 
Ohio, closed on Christmas eve with sixteen acces- 

The Brethren in Washington City will hold a 
love feast on the evening of Jan. 16, commencing at 
5 P. M. ' 

We think our readers will find some excellent es- 
says in this issue. But we have more on the hook 
just as good. 

The Brethren at Ellerton, Md., will dedicate their 
new church Jan. 14, Bro. W. J. Swigart preaching 
the dedicatory sermon. 

Bro. P. S. Miller, of Hoanoke, Va., began a se- 
ries of meetings m the Bethlehem church, Franklin 
Co., that State, Dec. 23. 

Bro. H. E. Light writes that thirteen have united 
with the Mountville church, Pennsylvania, by bap- 
tism since his last report. 

The members at Mt. Morris, 111., are enjoying an 
interesting Bible term this week. It is to continue 
during the most of January. 

A mission is to be opened at Pittsburg, Pa. Bro. 
S. S. Blough and wife will take charge of the mis- 
sion, and enter upon their work in April. 

A copy of the Almanac for 1900 has been mailed 
free to all of our subscribers. If any of them do not 
receive the publication they will please write us. 

On another page will be founct some interesting 
correspondence from Bro. D. L. Forney, concerning 
the conditions in India. He tells us that the fam- 
ine is becoming more and more serious. 

The Brethren are doing a good work at Sunny- 
side, Washington. A series of meetings was re- 
cently held at the Outlook schoolhouse, which re- 
sulted in seven applicants for baptism. 

** At 2906 Shottoe Avenue, St. Louis, Mo., lives Sis- 
ter Susan Gockley, formerly of Olathe, Kans. She 
is an aged widow, and will be pleased to have mem- 
bers call on her as they pass through the city. 

The interesting selected article, in the Home and 
Family department, concerning the " Death of Gen- 
eral George Washington," is from the Self Culture 
magazine for December. The credit was uninten- 
tionally omitted. 

We are told that some who claim to belong to the 
church only belong to the meetinghouse, and are 
not as faithful to that as they ought to be. When 
the house goes, that will be the end of their religion. 
We have a few too many of these meetinghouse 

In reply to inquiries we wish to state that the 
Querists' Department has been dropped only tempo- 
rarily, and this merely for the want of time to give it 
the needed attention. We hope to be able to re- 
sume the department before long. 

The last issue for 1899 was No. 51. Had we not 
dropped out one issue when we moved to Elgin, 52 
instead of 51 issues would have been sent out. Our 
purpose now is to print and mail one paper each 
week, thus giving our patrons 52 papers a year. 

All of our readers will regret to learn that little 
Emmert, the son of Brother and Sister Stover, of 
India, was afflicted with the smallpox, when last 
heard from. It is to be hoped that he has recovered 
ere this. See Bro. D. L. Forney's letter on another 

Some of our readers will please inform Sister 
Nancy D. Underhill, Canon City, Colo., whether 
there are any members living in Chautauqua County, 
Kans., or in or near Cowley County, same State. 
State the number of members, their location in the 
Counties, and the number of congregations, if any. 

One of our correspondents thinks that a God-sent 
missionary is not on a pleasure excursion, when he 
goes out to preach the Gospel, and therefore should 
concern himself more about souls than about the 
best of accommodations. 

A brother wishes to know whether the United 
Workmen is an oath-bound society, and whether our 
members are permitted to join the lodge. We un- 
derstand that the United Workmen is an oath-bound 
order. It is contrary to our principles for any of 
our members to connect themselves with the order. 

Bro. John T. Mason, of Southwestern Missouri, 
passed away Dec. 19. He united with the church in 
1875, coming from the Baptists. He was one of our 
earnest ministers, a good thinker, and was well in- 
formed in the Scriptures. When he left the Baptists, 
he accepted the doctrine of the Brethren in full, and 
stood in its defense for twenty-four years. 

Whether you write the Brethren Publishing 
House, or the General Missionary and Tract Com- 
mittee at this place, always give your County, as 
well as your post office and State. The County is 
needful on account of the large amount of mail mat- 
ter handled here at Elgin, and the desire to get let- 
ters to their destination as early as possible. We 
need your County for our use. 

Bro. J. G. Royer, of Mt. Morris, 111., writes us 
that he had a very pleasant sojourn with the mem- 
bers at Burnettsville, Ind., where he held a Bible 
Term during the Holidays. He was accompanied 
by his wife. It was here that he located in 1871, 
and was elected to the ministry the next year. A 
visit to the scenes of his early struggles in life seems 
to have been an inspiration to him. 

Bro. S. Bock, of Dayton, Ohio, stopped with us 
last week, on his way out to Nampa, Idaho, where 
he seems to be much interested. He takes great 
pleasure in showing some fine samples of apples, 
prunes, potatoes and grains grown in that part of 
the West. He says that there is a little band of 
earnest members in that vicinity, who meet regular- 
ly, having Bro. Caleb Fogle for their elder. Bro. 
Fogle's health has improved much since he located 
at Nampa. There are two other ministers, and reg- 
ular services are held at different points. The out- 
look for other congregations in that part of the 
State appears to be good. 

Some of our contributors will persist in weaving 
death notices in with the church news they send. 
They will please not do this. We have a depart- 
ment for death notices, and that is where they 
should appear, but they must be written separate 
and apart from all other business. The church news 
should be on one sheet and the obituaries on anoth- 
er. Matter for the business department should also 
be on a separate sheet, and the name and address of 
the writer signed to each of them. 

The Standard Sunday School Commentary for 
1900 is on our desk, It is neatly printed on good pa- 
per, well illustrated, substantially bound in cloth 
and contains 400 pages. The work is published by 
the Standard Publishing Co., Cincinnati, Ohio, but 
may be ordered from the Messenger Office. Price, 
in good binding, one dollar. Sixty cents for the 
limp cloth. The comments are both clear and forci- 
ble. The doctrine, as a rule, is in keeping with the 
understanding the Brethren have of the New Testa- 
ment. Nor do the authors of this commentary at- 
tempt to evade doctrine, as is the case with so many 
publications of the kind. The geographical notes 
constitute a leading feature of the work. They are 
prepared by Prof. J. W. McGarvey, who visited Pal- 
estine some years ago. 


With pleasure we greet our readers with the ini- 
tial issue of another volume of the Messenger. 
We enter upon the work of another year, not know- 
ing what is in store for us. The beginning seems 
hopeful, and the rest is known to the Lord, for he 
can see the end from the beginning. Then we need 
not be over-anxious concerning the future, if we 
only make a wise use of the present. We have no 
special promise to make regarding the Messenger 
for -igoo. Our people know what the paper has 
done in the past, and from this they can form their 
own conclusions regarding the future. The paper 
is set for the defense of the Gospel, and if we can 
in the future present the sacred truths more clearly 
and more forcibly than has been done in the past, 
we shall certainly do so, for we are here to do our 
very best for the cause of Christ on curtl-.. Tl.tro i> 
are some things, however, to which we wish to call 
special attention. 

We wish to urge upon our people the necessity of 
laboring for a greater degree of holiness in them- 
selves and others. We need to cultivate a higher 
and a more intense order of spirituality, that we 
may worship God in the Spirit as well as in the 
truth. It is altogether probable that we have mag- 
nified the adherence to the truth more than we have 
impressed upon the people the importance of put- 
ting spirit into our work. It is the proper blending 
of the spirit and truth worship that is so pleasing to 
God. The mere fact that we give more attention 
to the outward requirements of the Gospel than any 
other Christian body may induce others to think 
that we are neglecting the spirit; hence the impor- 
tance of the Brethren putting all possible stress on 
the spirit, both in their preaching as well as in their 

Then there is a life that is higher than mere out- 
ward forms. We do not mean independent of the 
ordinances, but a life that takes in the ordinances, 
and then adds all the Christian graces set forth in 
the New Testament. It is a life that places empha- 
sis on prayer, honesty, truthfulness and purity, a life 
that drinks in the good at every pore, and discards 
the evil of whatever character. It is a life that rises 
above the evil allurements of this world, and seeks 
daily communion with God. It is a life that en- 
courages a separation from the world and seeks only 
that which is pleasing to the Lord. This is the life 
that was characteristic of our ancient brethren, a 
characteristic which we fear is being lost. It is like 
the losing of first love, or becoming so worldly-mind- 
ed that the duties of Christianity become ne lected. 
We urge that during the present year we g/ rJ 
attention to this phase of Christianity in 01 
ing as well as in our writing and our r 
life. ti t - 

— — 


Jan. 6, 1900. 


The tendency upon the part of some to depart 
from the time-honored Gospel principles handed 
down to us by the devout representatives of the Fra- 
ternity, needs more than ordinary attention. The 
design of the Master was that the church should be 
kept unspotted from the world, that the members 
should be transformed from the world, and not fall in 
with the hurtful and foolish fashions of the age. We 
need not tell our readers that there is a disposition 
to depart from this fundamental principle of holiness. 
One has only to look around to be fully convinced 
of the fact. In view of this condition it is but 
proper that we should urge upon all our members 
the importance of a united and an intelligent effort 
to teach and carry out the doctrine of plainness and 
simplicity more thoroughly than we have been do- 
ing. If to the attainment of the higher life, we add 
the Gospel element of plainness in our attire, we will 
soon be regarded as creditable living epistles 
known and read of all men. 

We also call attention to the urgent necessity of 
more home missionary work. We have not done too 
much in the foreign fields, but unquestionably we 
have done too little at home. Where we now have 
one district evangelist, devoting all his time to work 
in new fields we ought to have at least ten, and each 
evangelist ought to build up and equip one or two 
churches every year. At the present time our num- 
ber in the United States is less than one hundred 
thousand. This is far too small for a religious body 
with the resources at command controlled by our 
people. Here is a work for all of our District Boards 
as well as for every preacher, elder and private mem- 
ber. The unconverted are right at our door, and if 
we have the Gospel it becomes our duty to carry it to 
them. Let us make the year 1900 memorable for 
aggressive home missionary movements. We can 
do this by placing more good workers in the differ- 
ent fields. Then we want to make a wise and wide 
"=:« cf..nn pf s and tracts 

As the months go by the Messenger will do its 
utmost to inspire our members along these and 
other needful lines, believing that the time is here 
for our people to become far more aggressive than 
they have been any time in the past. We have the 
whole Gospel, and let us not hesitate to preach it. 
A wider circulation of the Messenger both in the 
church and out of it will prove of immense value in 
carrying forward this work. And now, trusting that 
we may have the united support and prayers of all 
the members of the Brethren church, we enter upon 
the labors of another year, feeling that God has 
something good in store for all the faithful, and 
that if we will serve him as we should, he will crown 
our feeble yet earnest efforts with marked success. 


One of our real earnest brethren writes: " I love 
you, and I would be glad if you would love me. 
' God is love.'" We look upon his communication 
as a Christian love letter, for it is full of love. It 
not only gives out love, but it yearns for love in re- 
turn. And this is God-like. Our Maker not only 
loves us, but he wants our love in return, and is en- 
titled to it. Jesus loves us. We often sing, "Jesus 
loves me." He loved us so well that he gave his 
life for us. And so great was the love of God 
towards rebellious man that he consented to give 
his only begotten Son for the redemption of the 

And now, since God and Christ have done so 
much for us, and since they love us, most assuredly 
should we love and reverence them in return. Then, 
if we love the Lord Jesus Christ, we will obey him. 
We will search the New Testament to learn his will 
towards us, and will most cheerfully comply with all 
of his requirements. This we will do, not only in 

truth, but in spirit also. It is such that God seeks 
to worship him. Love is the turning point in the 
Christian's life. If we love the Lord as we should 
we will obey him as we ought. Where the love is 
up to the proper standard the obedience will be 
found on the same plane. 

God is love, and we should be like him. He loves 
us, and if we are truly Christians we will love him. 
Not only so, but Christians should love each other. 
They are told by bdth Christ and the apostles to 
love one another. " By this shall all men know 
that ye are my disciples, if ye have love one for an- 
other," says the Master. Loving one another set- 
tles the question of our relation to Jesus. If we do 
not love one another we are none of his. Destroy 
love between brethren and the relation to Christ is 
severed. Love is the divine matrimonial bond that 
unites Christ and the church. It is more than this. 
It is the bond that so unites the members as to pre- 
pare them to become the bride, the Lamb's wife. 
Sever this bond, or any part of it, and the church 
ceases to be the body of Christ. 

Then, how important it is that we love one anoth- 
er! We can say to our brother we love him, and all 
of us ought to be able to say that much concerning 
every member belonging to the mystical body of 

Not only ought we to love one another, but we 
should have that love so strongly developed that we 
cannot help manifesting it in our intercourse with 
one another. We want to be able to say that we 
love all the brethren. In far too many instances 
there is an absence of this characteristic, much to 
the detriment of the cause of Christianity. As a 
people let us learn to cultivate more love for one an- 
other. Love is a principle that can be cultivated, 
and is "worthy of every attention that we may be 
able to give it. 

3 ov j-.ho--. w hp pat- I 

One of our brethren says Luke 2: 14 is a mystery 
to him. It reads, " Glory to God in the highest, and 
on earth peace, good will toward men." He reads 
this, and then thinks of the quarreling, backbiting 
and evil talking even among members. He says 
this text has lost its power, or else the churches 
have lost their first love. The text has not lost its 
power in the mind of God, but there are some pro- 
fessed Christians who have not only lost their first 
love, but all the love for God and humanity they 
ever had. When church members are continually 
quarreling among themselves, it is quite evident 
that they are not under the influence of the Holy 
Ghost, but under the influence of the Prince of 

There is probably nothing that pleases the devil 
more than to work up a great trouble among church 
members, and then get them to speak evil one of 
another. And members who do these things ought 
to know that they are for the time under the influ- 
ence of the wrong spirit, and that their only remedy 
is to repent and do their first works over. God never 
intended that his people should spend their time 
backbiting, and speaking evil of each other. They 
are members of one and the same family, and so 
long as they continue to renounce Satan -and his 
pernicious ways there is no reason why they should 
not live in peace. One thing is certain, if they can- 
not get along peaceably in this world they will have 
no chance of testing their ability to live harmonious- 
ly in the land that is to be presided over by the 
Prince of Peace. 

For members to live in peace with one another is 
one of the conditions of salvation in heaven. It is 
just as essential to a life of holiness as prayer, or 
any other duty enjoined upon the followers of 
Christ. Let no one deceive himself with the 

thought that he can spend a whole lifetime here be- 
low on bad terms with his brethren and sisters, and 
then be permitted to fold his arms in peace in the 
Paradise of God. There is a Paradise of God where 
troubles shall never enter, for the gates are closed 
against those who do not make at least a reasonable 
effort to live in peace with those who belong to the 
household of faith. 


Not long since a minister was called to visit a 
young man of twenty-two who was suffering from 
the ravages of consumption. He was much re- 
duced in body and it was apparent to those who 
saw him that his days in this world were numbered. 
He was a member of a lodge and his associates 
were looking after his temporal wants. He greeted 
the minister warmly, and after a short time spent 
in conversation he said: 

" Are there not enough present to engage in sing- 

*'Yes!" was the reply, "and we will also pray 
with and for you if you so desire." 

A hymn was sung, and while singing the second, 
" Come, thou fount of every blessing," with the 
beautiful chorus, " We will walk through the streets 
of the city," just when the singers were repeating 
the words, 

" Here's my heart, Lord, take and seal it, 
Seal it for thy courts above," 

the young man rose from his chair and said, "Oh, 
let us pray! let us pray! " and falling down upon 
his knees he buried his face in the cushion on 
which he had been sitting. It was the outcry of a 
burdened heart longing for the peace which Jesus 
brought into the world, and in that cutpouring of 
the soul to God the poor man's cry was heard and 
the peace which passeth all understanding came in- 
, tajiis heart After prayer the anxious mother said: 
inches named are the largest. It will \*f '"--d 
m- KsmttvK im! ftU»»»wi;.a. — ■» >' ou are ~ - 

weak." " No, mother," was the reply, " I feel too 

good!" He then walked into another room and 
asked his sister to accept Christ and go- with^ him 
to be baptized. Some said to him, " It is very 
cold and you are weak, you Had better not." 

But he said, " I want to be baptized at once, even 
if I die in the water." He was carried to the water, 
the ice removed and in that same hour he received 
Christian baptism. 

The brother who administered the rite said to 
him: " Brother Ira, I have seen hundreds baptized, 
but never saw one baptized more easily than you." 

"The Spirit of the Lord was with and sustained 
me," was the reply. 

The baptism took place on Tuesday and on the 
following Friday evening a love feast was held in 
the home of the young brother. After the Com- 
munion he said: "Oh, now I want to go home; 
come, Lord, and take me. I want all my brothers 
and sisters to meet me in heaven." He was told to 
wait patiently the Lord's time, and then he could 
go home to rest. On Sunday evening he called for 
the brethren to anoint him with oil in the name of 
the Lord, and at six o'clock the next morning he 
fell asleep in Jesus. 

Ira realized how little an earthly organization can 
help one when he is called upon to face death. 
His associates could minister to the wants of his 
emaciated body, but could do nothing for the poor, 
sin-sick soul. Then he called upon the Lord and 
he heard the cry of his wandering child, as he does 
the cry of every penitent soul, and the Lord washed 
him and made him whiter than snow. 

Choose ye this day between Jesus and the Lodge. 
When your feet are slipping over the brink only Je- 
sus can stand by and help you. Accept him now 
and he will be with you then. o. L. M. 


Jan. 6, 1900 



We suppose there is no other act recorded in the 
life of Christ that has been the subject for so much 
thought to the mind of the common reader as this 
miracle which Christ performed on this fig tree. It 
seems to be out of harmony with all of the other 
miracles performed, as it is destructive in its charac- 
ter, and as such, stands alone. Our sympathies go 
out for the tree, especially when we read " that it 
was not yet the time of figs." And then, too, we 
think, in connection with it, of the barren fig tree. 
Though it had been barren for years, yet he said, 
" Spare the tree, dig about it and dung it." Not only 
give it another chance to bear, but help it to do so. 

The question naturally arises, Why so forbear- 
ing towards the one and so exacting towards the 
other? What did the one tree do that the other 
did not? The trouble is we read the narratives 
away from their settings. It was intended as an 
object lesson and was clearly understood by those 
for whom the lesson was intended. The Bible 
language is a language that belongs to a Bible 
country and its character, growth, customs and 
habits must interpret its language. Such language 
cannot be lifted from its settings, laid down in a 
country of different climate, different growth and 
different peoples., and different language and habits, 
and interpreted by these different settings. And 
there is nothing that we should be more grateful for 
than the fact that the Lord has placed his foot 
squarely down on the land of Bible history and 
stayed the tramp of change and progress, thus per- 
petuating to the world the key to the interpretation 
of his blessed Word. 

But you may ask, What has this to do with the 
withered fig tree? In order that we may be able - to 
understand the lesson here taught we must know 
the fig tree's law of growth and fruit bearing. We 
must know that the leaves and fruit appear together 
and disappear together. As soon as the leaves 
begin to bud the figs begin to form. At the end of 
the summer some of the figs may remain longer 
than the leaves around them at the tips of the 
branches, but the appearance of leaves is always a 
guarantee of fruit. This tree standing by the way- 
side between Bethany and Jerusalem, though it was 
not the regular time for ripe fruit, by its leaves said 
it had fruit. The sign of figs was fairly out, but the 
fruit was not there. Hence the deception. It gave 
a sign without a substance. It was false to its own 
nature and was justly condemned — not because it 
did not bear fruit, but because it bore that which 
said it had the fruit. If the tree had been without 
the leaves the fruit would not have been expected, 
and as a result would have escaped the curse. And 
this was the cause of the condemnation of the 
Scribes and the Pharisees. They had the leaves of 
righteousness. Their beards and garments were all 
right, and so were their words; but they had no figs 

their hearts were far from the Lord, full of envy 

and bitterness. And Christ to show his attitude 
against such deception and hypocrisy gave this 
object lesson. It was most full and expressive. 

The thought is this: If it was not the regular 
time for fruitage, neither was it the time for the 
leaves. This fact, which at first seems to excuse 
the tree, was what really led to its condemnation. 
To have been consistent with its own law of life the 
fruit should have been there because of the pres- 
ence of leaves. Hence, to curse the tree because of 
the deception which it bore on its face was a strik- 
ing lesson to these scribes and Pharisees, and they 
could not fail to understand it because they under- 
stood the nature of the fig tree and the manner of 
its bearing. And while the Lord bears with, pities, 
and has patience with the sinner who makes no pre- 
tensions to show either leaves or fruit, he hates the 
hypocrite even unto cursing. 

And while this was an apt and powerful object 
lesson to them, it should be a strong warning to us. 
How many of us who, by our put-on appearance, 
say, " Come and eat," and yet our lives and souls are 
as empty of fruit — right doing — as this fig tree was 
oft/figs. We advertise largely, but our storehouses 
are empty and disappointing — leaves only. 

We partly learned the force of this lesson as we 
took our noon-day lunch under a fig tree just north 
of the Sea of Galilee. And all along our journey 
we were wonderfully impressed by the landmarks of 
the Bible story which continue to stand as the best 
interpreters of God's Word. h. b. b. 


We like what the editor of the Evavgelist has to 
say concerning the discussion of the resurrection 
question in the Baptist Congress, in Pittsburg, last 

The weight of the argument, however, seemed to favor the 
resurrection of the body, Prof. Ten Broeke, of McMaster Uni- 
versity, Toronto, thinks that the Scriptures teach that "there 
is a future existence with some form of physical organism 
adapted to the needs of that life, and given according to the 
will of God,' and this thought seemed to be that of the con- 
gress. One so seldom hears a sermon, address or paper on 
that subject in these days that it almost sounds strange 
to our ears. It almost makes one wonder whether the world 
is going forward or backward. The resurrection was one of 
the great themes by which the apostles stirred up whole 
cities, and it is still a fundamental doctrine of the Christian re- 
ligion; and if more of the great themes of the Gospel were 
more frequently and urgently presented from the pulpits of 
the land to-day there would be less complaint about empty 
pews and few conversions. 

f Thi 


The Christian Evangelist thinks that the Masons 
have not much ground for boasting of Washington 
as a Freemason. Speaking of the preparations of 
the Masonic fraternity, to make. the cep-tp^q^^^^.^ 
niversary of the death of Washington the occasion 
for great demonstration, on the ground that he was 
a Mason, the Evangelist says: 

Those who are religiously opposed to the Masonic fraternity 
are making some strong objections to this procedure on the 
ground that Washington was never the master of a lodge and 
had not even been in a lodge more than twice for thirty years 
prior to his death. In objection to that day being monopolized 
by the Masonic fraternity the Christian Cynosure has pub- 
lished several documents, including a letter from Gen. Wash- 
ington himself, to show that he was a Mason in his early days, 
but had ceased to attend the lodge in 1768 and never again 
took much interest in those matters, and in the light of these 
documents we do not see that Masons have much ground fur 
boasting in Gen. Washington's Freemasonry. 


I see many notices of good books free to ministers. I think 
the deacons should have the same chance, in this respect, as 
the ministers. The good Lord knows that there is not one out 
of ten posted as he should be. Why not give the deacons a 
chance?—/./. W. 

Our correspondent will please bear in mind that 
the books sent free to ministers are paid for by the 
Gish Fund. This fund was created by will, and is 
valued at about £50,000, — probably a little more. 
In this will it is stated that books suited to the use 
of our ministers may be furnished free, or at greatly 
reduced rates. Deacons are not mentioned in the 
will, arid for that reason they cannot be included. 

It is also provided that the money must be 
loaned, and only the interest used. The execution 
of the will is in the hands of the General Missionary 
Committee, and this Committee has appointed a 
committee of three to select the books that are to 
be sent out. It is a matter over which the Publish- 
ing House has no control whatever. It simply 
sends out the books selected by the committee. 
Nor has the General Missionary Committee any 
right to change the will so as to have the provisions 
apply to deacons. The purpose of the will must be 

carried out strictly, and this limits the sending of 
books free to ministers. 

At his death Bro. James R. Gish left considerable 
property, and a certain amount of it, by his earnest 
wife, was set apart for the purpose of constituting 
the Gish Fund, to be employed in the manner 
stated above, and it is to be hoped that the purpose 
of this will may never be disregarded in any partic- 
ular, and that our ministers, may from time to time 
receive such books as will prove helpful to them in 
their work. The object of the fund is a noble one, 
and eternity alone will reveal the good that is likely 
to result therefrom. 


Those who listen to Bro. Miller's Bible Land 
talks are always favorably impressed with the facts 
he presents in proof of the authenticity of the Bible. 
His repeated visits to the old world have enabled 
him to collect a vast amount of information in sup- 
port of the truthfulness of the Sacred Record, and 
this he takes pleasure in presenting wherever he 
delivers his talks. The numerous incidents he re- 
lates, along with the customs of the people, and 
what may yet be seen in the Bible Lands, enable 
him to drive some truths home with force. These 
talks are doing good, not only among the members 
of the church, but among some who heretofore have 
placed very little confidence in the Bible. A gen- 
tleman who heard some of these talks writes Bro. 
Miller a letter, which we give below: 

Dear Friend and Brother: — I take this opportunity of 
writing you, to let you know some of the good results of your 
lectures on your travels through the Bible Lands. I heard you 
several years ago at the church north of Milford, Ind., and 
at the Berkey church, southeast of Goshen. I always doubted 
some passages of Scripture, until the first time I heard you 
talk on your travels. Right here I want to say, you have done 
more than any other preacher toward turning me from sin, 
and setting my face Zionward. 1 shall always remember you 
aVSTit ■wb.Ti t»lfc fasti, rc.y ■^.vAgoOd. \ \VuAk *A 70a wiu-u, mid * 
hope I shall meet you again, if not in this world, may we meet 
in heaven. I believe your lectures on your travels in the Holy 
Lands have been the means of bringing many souls to Christ. 
—Sydnor / Self. 


Most well-read people are probably aware of the 
fact that fully nine-tenths of those who are im- 
mersed in the Old World receive the trine immer- 
sion. Even when sprinkling and pouring are em- 
ployed the water is applied three times. It is only 
here on the Western Continent that single immer- 
sion predominates among denominations that use 
immersion exclusively. The Brethren and a few 
others practice trine immersion only, but as com- 
pared with others in America, they are greatly in 
the minority. Still most of the denominations will 
now and then, through their duly authorized minis- 
ters, administer the threefold immersion. It is 
suggested that we collect the facts concerning the 
instances where the denominations have adminis- 
tered trine immersion, and make a careful record of 
the same for future reference and use. Those hav- 
ing a personal knowledge of such instances will 
please write out what they know about them, and 
send the same to us. Let those who write give such 
information only as they know to be absolutely cor- 
rect, and let this information be kept separate from 
all other business. 

We are now mailing the second edition of the 
" Doctrine of the Brethren Defended," and are also 
prepared to fill other orders. When the book was 
again placed on the market, a few months ?go, it did 
not occur to us that there would be such a demand 
for it. It is a splendid work, and well deserves a 
wide circulation. Price, 75 cents. Free to ministers 
of the Brethren church, who want it for their own 
use, on the receipt of the postage, ten cents. 

Jan. 6, 1900. 


General Missionary 


...Tract Department, 


D L Miller, Illinois I S. F. Sangbk, Virginia 
L. W. Thbktb. Indiana | A. B. BARNHART, - 
John Zock, - Iowa. 

fyAddress all business to General Missionary 
,nd Tract Committee. Elgin, Illinois. 


A darling daughter came to the home of a 
fond father and mother, brightened it fur two 
years and five months and then went to the 
home above. In her short life she had saved 
her pennies. What for? The mother stud- 
ied over it and she thought the best she could 
do wuuld be to give it to the India Famine 
Fund. While she sleeps peacefully beneath 
the sod, may the money be the means' of sav 
ing some one from starvation and lead him to 

IOWA.— Levi Miller, Fredericksburg. Ja.So; 
Geo. Mason. Greene, $3; Susan Wise, Dallas 
Center, $1.20; G. A. and E. S. Moore. Ivester, 
$10: C. 2. Reltz, Maxwell, f 240; W. W. Folger. 
Osceola. 81.20; Henry Bouncy. North Virginia. 
I1.30; H. 0. Adams. Fredericksburg, Si; Eph- 
raim Lichly, Waterloo, $34; S. F. Nlswander, 
South English. $3; Daniel Fry. Garrison. $3; to- 


No matter what has been the record of the 
past year, it cannot be changed. A new year 
confronts every one, and the question arises, 
" What shall be the year's endeavor for the 
Lord?" The church in the past has made 
commendable progress in the mission work ol 
the church. The new fields of Switzerland 
and France, the progress in India as well as 
in different parts of the United States during 
i8qq should spur every one to still greater 
effort for the new year, 

What is in store for the church for 1900 de- 
pends largely, if not wholly, on the efforts she 
makes for the Lord. The Father stands ready 
to be proved that he will pour out greater 
blessings than she is able to contain, if she 
will but trust him and give what properly be- 
longs to him. Shall he be proved more fully 
this year? 

Then there are our workers in India, in dif- 
ferent parts of Europe, Asia Minor and in 
America. Many of them are away from home 
and loved ones; all of them must stand alone, 
as compared with workers in the home church, 
Shall not the prayers for these workers be 
more fervent and constant than heretofore? 

And how about personal effort? Past neg- 
lect there has been. Let iqoo redeem some at 
least, and enable every one to do his best, 
wherever he is. Not a bad motto for the new 
year is, ? Do all the good you can, in all the 
A ways you can, to all the people you can." 

Then there is denying one's self. The past 
may be marked with too much of gratifying 
self. It is always expensive, either to self or 
some one else. Let the god of selfishness be 
abandoned more fully, and the greater service 
for others be rendered instead, then better 
lives will be experienced and greater good 

While 1899 made decided steps forward, let 
1900 close with still greater achievements for 
the Lord's cause. 


Never, in the history of the Brethren church, 
was there such a unanimous and hearty re- 
sponse to a call for help, as the response made 

G. B. R- 

for the India sufferers and the end is not yet. 
Barely six weeks passed by until over St2,ooo 
was cast into the treasury. This liberal giving 
would fill any one with praise to God and en- 
thusiasm in the work, were there nothing else 
connected with it. 

But the office had the 

Rare Privilege 
of reading the many earnest wishes and 
prayers and noble sentiments which accom- 
panied the gilts, all of which intensified the 
giving greatly. Since the " prayer of a right- 
eous man availeth much " what, oh, what, 
must have been the effect with the united and 
fervent prayers in behalf of India during 
these past weeks! And while it is early to 
look for the harvest, surely every one can 
trust the Lord of the harvest that he will gath- 
er in from this rich sowing "such as should be 
This is a 

Noble Foundation Work 

for preaching the Gospel. These little ones in 
India on whom the charity and prayers of a 
consecrated church have been poured will not 
forget him who sends the "rice" when he 
withholds the rains. And has this not all been 
for a purpose? Has not God hidden, behind 
all this distress, an onward step to lead souls 
to Christ? Who knows the purpose of the 
Divine Mind? Yet everyone may be assured 
that if this liberal giving shall be followed 
with the faithful preaching of the Word, 
wJiiph is^lp,_^ay^t^e^ilJrom deaih^ that 
whatever is the purpose of the famine, good 

ill come from it. 

And there is 

The Reflex Action 
upon the church. She, with the kind help of her 
friends, has raised between 83,000 and S4.000 
more for this indirect mission work than was 
raised ail last year by donations for World- 
wide Missions. This shows a marked liberal- 
ity, indeed, and upon her will fall a blessing 
in the same measure. 

"Who is SoiTy Ho Gave? 

Who would take back if he could get it, the 
amount given, or would only 

lLL.-Flora Brinkerlioff, Rocklord, ft; Hart- 
lord City. S. S-, $2.77i John and Catherluc 
Blickenataft, Cerrogordo. *8; A, M. and Susie 
Flory. Mt. Morris. (3; Sarllda J. Gates. GWard, 
82.50; D. E. Eshelman. lpava. 81; A. Shively, 
Cerrogordo, fS; Javan and E. N. Gibson, Gi- 
rard, $2,25; D. C. McGonigle. Kasbecr, $7.50; H. 
Snell, Girard, 85; Wm. E. Trostle, Stratford.; a member. Mt. Morris, Sio; total 

1ND.— Elizabeth Fisher, Mexico, Si; E. P. 
and Anna Peffley, Goshen, 8to; \V. K. Simmons, 
Union City. S3.60; Manly H. Decter, Mtllord, 
Si. 50; Christ. Stouder. Nappanee, $5; Sarn'l C. 
Nefi, Nappanee. li.aS; A. C. Kindlg, Elkhart. (3; 
Henry C. Shultz, Millvillc. ti.Mi J. B. and Chloe 
Neff, Miliord, $$;M. M. Slierrick. North Man- 
chester, (4.80; D. S. Hale. Bourbon, lb; Mary A. 

Lanimede, North Liberty,; total 

0.— Dry Fork cong,, 83 cents; J. U. Kulin, 

Maitland, fio.6b; total ■ 

PA.— A. J. Moser, Uniontown.Ji.75; Anna E. 
Miller, Woodbury, fS; J- B. Miller. Woodbury, 
$1.20; marriage notice, A. B, Chrlstucr, 50 cents; 

total . . ■ 

TENN.— Meadow Branch cong 

MICH.-John Hoover, Sunfield 

KANS.— T. N. Beckncr. Conway Springs, 

S13; H. W. Bullin, Obcrlin, (a 40; total 

VA.— Marriage notice, W. H. Miller, 50 cents; 

James R. Shipmau. Bridgcwatcr. $1.50. total, . . 

N. DAK-Marria*e nonce, A. Neher, So 

cents: J. A. Weaver. Bowbells. ft 20; total, . . . 

OKLA.-Mount Hopecong., 

VV.VA.— Peter Biser, Headsville 

KY— A brother and sister. Constance, . . . 
MD— Marriage notice, Chas. D. Bonsack, . . 
Total lor year beginning April. 1890. fi 


10 75 

ro 50 

6 75 

5 5o 


[A house In Washington Is greatly needed In order tha 
the church there may do more work and ha-' 
the atlvantape nl a permanent house. More lunds to tin' 
ish the house are needed.) 
Previously reported, &.*# = s 


PA.— Alioonacong 

ILL— Flora Brinkerhoff, Rockford 

Total for year beginning April, 1800 $2,85053 


Previously reported ** la ^ 

KANS— Collected from eighteen children near 
Hope, by Mrs. Mary E. Sliatto, (24-87; Mrs. E. E. 

NEBR.— Muddy Valley cong., $4.25: Wm. and 
Utile Dellanback. DuBois, IS: Elma Dellan- 
back, DuBois, $1; Eld. A. Berkeybile. DuBois, 
ft; H. H. and Amanda Ross. Rocklord, S5; 

Mrs. Belle Larsen, Belvidere, ft; total 

MICH,— John Hoover. Sunneld. (5; eight 

little girls' investment, Campbell, $9,87. total, . 

OREGON— Mohawk Valley cong., 88.75; J. 

P. Linville, Newburg, J3; total 

OKLA. T. — Mound Valley cong., »4-7S: 

Jennie Aaron, Eunice Diller, Doran, 8a.$o; Mr. 

and Mrs. E, L. Lawver, Omega, f3.So; total . . 

MO— Sarah Limerman, Wentworth, So cents; 

Warrensburg cong.. 89.75: Mary M. Cox, Sweet 

Spring, 2s cents; total 

W. VA.— Alleghany cong., fS-76; M. C. 
Czlgan. Grove. Ji.qi; Nan A. Breakiron, Pala- 
tine, $2.50; total 

N. C— Mill Creek cong., 

VA.— Newport cong.. t4: Wm. Mallory. Car- 
tersville, $1; Martha and Emma South all, Car- 
tersville. as cents; W. H. Johnson, 25 cents; 


N. DAK.-C. F. Hylton. New Rockford, ft; 
Samuel Sage, New Rockford, 26 cents; Frank 

Brunias,; total, 

TENN.-A lrlend. Bells 

MINN.— D. H. Keller's school, Worthlngton, 

S. DAK— A sister, Putney 

MD— Geo. F. Bowers and wife, Harney, It; 
Jos. M. Grim, Dargon. ascents; B. M. Harper, 
10 cents; J. Johnson, Union Bridge, 50 cents; 

total • 

Total to date In. 337-9* 


In Report ending Dec. 5, under Kansas, " Church near 
Kong, fa*." should be credited to Scott Valley cong. 

In Report, page 768, " Brethren near New Rock- 
lord, N. D.," should have been, J. M. Deeter and family 
13; Mrs. Ellen Sheldon. |i. 

In report ending Dec. 16, "Pleasant View cong., I7.'* 
should be, one class of Pleasant View S, S„ 87. 

Also. "Greenland cong., Va„ fc." should be Green- 
land cong.. W. Va., »S- 

NOTE.— In Report appearing on last page of Dec. 16 
issue, one page ol manuscript belonging to Ohio inadver- 
tently was placed under Pennsylvania. To clear up all 
errors the receipts from these two States a 
published correctly. 

OHIO.— A sister, Highland. fS; S. G. Lehmer. 
Harron, fS; Sarah E. Brewer. Peebles, ft; Mc- 
Clure S. S- $0 19; Lower Wolf Creek S. S.. 
f 13.60; collection at New Carlisle house of Don- 
aels Creek cong.. Wolf Creek cong.. (37; 
S. Shellabarger. Covington. $1,505 Pine t rr-ek 
cong., 138.05; Oakland cong- 123.25; D. G. Berk- 
cybilc's S. S. class, Swan Creek S. S.. I20 10; 
Swan Creek S. S.. fi9; Lower Stillwater cong., 
133.75; Upper Twin Creek cong.. $3.38; Wooster 
cong., $80; Maria Hoover, Weilcrsville. I50; 
Goshen cong., Roseville, 8*. Owl Creek cong.. 
Saa; Brethren and friends of Poplar Ridge cong., 


1 herewith 

A certain missionary's wife received some 
money from a visiting minister. She had 
places many where she could have used the 
money. But pondering over the gift she con- 
cluded to make it the foundation for a Young 
People's Meeting for the support of an orphan 
in India. And that mission point will be able 
through the blessing of God to care for an or- 
phan. The lesson for others is apparent. 

A sister sends money for the Washington 
meetinghouse, saying, " In case they have 
enough money for the Washington house, take 
it for the India sufferers." There is not near 
enough for the Washington house yet. 
Though the Building Committee has gone 
ahead with the building it has banked on the 
earnestness and devotion of the church for 
the cause in Washington. Shall its check be 

A sister from one of the Western States, 
aged fifty, and her husband, fifty-seven, sends 
a donation to the famine work in India and 
says: "I think we can sympathize with poor, 
starving India, as we have had trials and hard- 
ships in the West. For three years we had to 
be helped and our much loved brother, G. E. 
Sludehaker, came to our relief twice and fed 
us on daily bread and then the Bread of Life, 
That was the first sermon I heard from a 
Dunker preacher for over thirty years, and the 
first my husband ever heard. We have lost 
our earthly home, but we feel we have a heav- 
enly home. Brethren and sisters, pray at 
times for the brethren and sisters in India and 
their families." 

ve half as 
much? Not one. Yea, verily, are there not 
many, who, if they had the opportunity, would 
have doubled the amount they gave? Why? 
Because they have tasted the sweetness of 
giving to help others, and the peace of soul 
and growth in grace that comes thereby. 
But now that 

Mnny Have Given 
let not the fervent prayers stop for India. 
These prayers are needed daily to carry the 
gifts properly to th'e proper ones, and there, 
through its influence, lead them to the light. 

."," ' "'"""." I bodies named are the largest. It will J bffie..»ioif? e ^ 

Financial Reports. 

Mission Receipts from Dec. 19 to Dec. 27, 


f Money donated to this fund will be used at home 01 
abroad as necessity demands it. This fund is on the 
true basis.— to be used where needed, and it is hoped that 
it will be well supported. Interest on endowments, nol 
otherwise designated, will be acknowledged under this 
Previously reported * 9.75° 56 

OHIO.— A sister. Montpelier, f-i; , Card- 

ington, So cents; Abedncgo Miller. Degraff. 
f 1.80; John 20; Mary Ock- 
erman, Highland, 86; Sam'l and Lucinda Bame, 
Willinnistown. 8$; O. E. Frank. Pleasant Home, 
$j,So;Abe Basore. Trotwood. $10; HattieS. Vin- 
son. Lima, fa: John O. Warner. Centre,; 
N. H. and Barbara Newcomer, Bryan. f3; Cath- 
erine A. Hoffman. Fairhope, JSi Joseph Kaylor.; Joseph Bosler, Si.. Louis- 
ville, 15; Joseph and Nancy Kaylor. Bellelon- 
tainc. fro; Lydia Bosler. Louisville, so cents; 
Elias and Maria Geiber, Canton, $51 Maty Ann 
Schroyer, Otterbeiu. f5; total 67 9° 

IOWA.— Primary S. S. class of South Keokuk 

cong 5 oc 

TofSl lor year beginning April, 1809 (462 at 


Previously reported 8998 60 

KANS— Mrs. E. Riddlcsbergcr, Rydal, . . . 1 « 

Total for year beginning April. 1890 $999 on 


[Two years ago famine devastated India. Thousand? 
upon thousands starved to death. This winter a great ei 
famine is upon the unfortunates ol that benlgliled lan.l 
Two years aco Brethren and Ineuds responded liber.ilh 
to help relieve this great want. A greater want is there 
to-day. Shall not the good people of plentilul Amerlcf 
give greater assistance than before? Every cent BCnl 
in will be forwarded direct to the missionaries of the 
Brethren church in India.] 
Previously reported, $".479 <6 

PA.— Lizzie Ankeny. Elderton, $2; a sister, 
Sprlngville District, fS; Mrs. Lydia Nelson, 
Columbia, fr; Mrs. Margaret Calhoun. Everett. 
fS.20; Sarah Musselman's class ol eight, Paint 
S. S.. f6.37I collected by |. B. Miller. New 
Paris. $9.63: Klmmel cong.. f 10.25; Indian Creek 
cong., $44.92; Beachdale church, Berlin cong., 
f 11.44: Marsh Creek cong.. 86.68; Walnut Grove 
S. S„ S13.501 Sadie I. Strasbaugh. York, ft; Far- 
mer's Grove cong.. *S: Harmonyville cong., 
85.50; I. F. Price, Waynesboro, tio; C. L. Morris, 
Waynesboro, $5; White Oak cong., $50.15: 
Spring Creek cong., $15-75; First Brethren 
cong., Philadelphia, *3"! Epworth League, 
Markleysburg.ti.7S: total 

lOWA.-Spring Creek cong., and S. S.. 
$14.64; Middle cong,. 12.52; Kingsley cong., 
»3l,40; Anna Haines. Cushing. f2.4o; Brother 
and Sister Buck, Spirit Lake. ft. 50; Mary 
Weimer's S. S. class, Brooklyn, $2.56; Laurens 
cong., 88.80; Greene cong., $6.40: Sister Mathias, 
Elkhart, fi; torwarded by J. D. CoSman, South 
fe-ng., fS; Lydia Ommen, Glendora, f2; total, . . 

OHIO.— Amos Stoncr, Avilon, 50 cents; Pleas- 
ant Hill cong., fS.os; East Dayton cong.. 82.1.14; 
Sisters' Aid Society. East Dayton cong.. 85; 
Ashland cong.. total 

ILL.— Inter. S. S. class ol La Motte cong.. 
ttS.07; R. A. Forney. Hudson. 85; D. C. Mc- 
Gonigle, Kasbeer.St: Primary Dept. Mt. Mor- 
ris S. S.. 86.12; Primary Dept. Lanark S. S.. 82: 

CAL.— Inglcwood cong 

KANSAS.-Eld. E. Eby. Booth, 85: Brazil- 
ton cong . and S. S.. $5: Sisters* Aid Society, 
Sabetha, 86; Laura A. Simmons. Seward, 50 
cents; J. C. Peterson. McPherson, fS: total,. - 

LA.— Roanoke cong 

IND.— Jos. A. and Salome A. Bowers. Frank- 
town, 82; D. F Eby. 50: collected 
by Enoch J. Eby. Wawaka. 4a cents; Vellovi 
Creek S. S.. 84.80; [Yellow Rl*ei S, S., «3-43' the 
children's Christmas .Treat, Flora, 85.72; total. 

David Shively. New Cumberland, Si; Rush 
Creek cong. 83; Brethren cong., at Baker, 18.50; 
Lick Creek cong.. fi2.77; Tuscarawas cong., 13; 
Portage cong., 827.37; Pleasant Valley cong, 
fi5.Q3; West Dayton cong., $10.81: Lafayette 
cong., $20.13; Mrs. Hannah Rosenberger, Cleve- 
land, (1; Ethel Whitmer, brother and mother, 
Houston, S2.7S: Sugar Creek coDg., $7; Wm. 
Snyder. Baltic, 81; Silver Creek cong., S2S.30; 

total ■"--.. 

PA.— Brother and Sister, Waynesboro. $100: 
Brethren and Iriends of Upper Dublin cong.. 
85.47; PalmyraS. S. $14; Codoros cong., $26.25; 
Yellow Creek cong., $10.40: a sister, Berlin, S3; 
Lizzie S. Kiemao, Berlin. 50 cents; a sister. 
Berlin, $1.50: G. S. Riemaa, Berlin, $1; Maple 
Grove cong.. $1229; a brother and sister, Oak- 
villc, fS; Aughwick cong., f4-o8; Lebanon City 
S, S., 813.60; C. A. Wood. Haynfe, 81; a sympa- 
thizer. Chester County, fio; Back Creek cong., 
$34.77; Waynesboro cong., 832; Summit cong., 
$10 50; Mrs. Isaac Heltzler. Elizabethlown. $2: 
Mercersburg cong.. $24; several Brethren and 
sisters. Frledens, 88; Brethren and (riends of 
Warriors Mark cong.. 826.50: H. H. Brumbaugh. 
St. Clairsville. $1; Summit Mills cong.. $20; Car- 
son Valley cong.. 811.25; Etta Ober. Purchase 
Line, 81; Lizzie Swartz, Purchase Line. $1; 




Gen. Mis 

and Tract Com. 

Our Prayer Meeting. 

John 13: 36. 

For Week Ending Jan. so. 

1. In Faith. Heb. 12: 2. 

2. In Love. Eph. 5: I, 2. 

3. In Holiness. I John 3: 3. 

4. In Long-suffering. Heb. 12: 3. 

5. In Forgiveness. Col. 3: 13; Eph. 4: 32. 

6. In Suffering. 1 Pet. 2: 21. 

7. In Unselfishness. Rom. 15:2, 3. 

8. In Humility. Philpp. 2: 5-8. 

9. In Service. John 17: 18; Ps. 101: 6; John 
14: 12. 

10. In Whole Life. I John 2: 6. 

11. In Obedience. John 8: 29; 21: 19, 22; Ps. 
40: 7. 8; Heb. 5: S; Malt. T- 21. 

12. In Sacrifice. Luke 14: 25-33; Matt. 4: "9. 
22; 10: 34-39; Luke 9: 57-62. 

!3. In Rejection, lsa. 53; 3; John I: 11: \: '4: 

14. /,, Honor. Philpp. 2: 9; John 17; 24: 2 Cor. 

3: 18; Col. 3: 4; R". 7; 9-17. V. A. r. 


Jan. 6, I900. 

Notes from Our Correspondents. 

" As cold water to a thirsty soul, so is good news from a lar country." 

our superintendent, 0. A. Fackler, as he has been engaged to 
teach school at Cedarville, III. Our church work is moving 
along very quietly, and the attendance is fairly good, so we 
feel to " thank God and take courage."— D. Rowland, Dec. 26, 

St. Francis.— We met in quarterly council Dec. 28, at 10 
A. M. Bro. J. H. Neher presided. Considerable business 
came before the meeting, which was disposed of in love and 
union. We elected our church officers for the following year, 
and also reorganized our Sunday school for the next six 
months by electing the writer as superintendent and Bro. J. C. 
Osborn, assistant. We have recalled our regular appoint- 
ments on the first and third Sunday nights, at this place, and 
also the appointment at the "Moon Lake " schoolhouse, on 
the third Sunday, as it would interfere with Eld. J. H. Neher's 
appointments in other fields of labor. Bro. W. D. Neher will 
locate in Forest City in the near future.—/?. L. Bums, Pales- 
tine, Ark., Dec. 29. 


Inglewood.— This evening we close our meetings at this 
place. Because of my own infirmities I was permitted to lis- 
ten to brethren Thomas, Funk, Norcross, Overholtzer, Bru- 
baker and Moore. This was a rare privilege for me and one 
that I very much enjoyed. We had a very enjoyable feast 
last night. Thursday next we expect, the Lord willing, to 
commence a series of meetings in the Covina congregation. 
1 hope to be free from my cold soon.— A. Hutchison, Dec. 27. 

Nezperce.— Yesterday three precious souls came out on the 
Lord's side immediately after preaching services. It was en- 
couraging to see them come forward. Others are counting 
the cost and seem almost persuaded. On Christmas,— after 
services, three more made application. Four out of the six 
are heads of families.— /. F. Edmister, Dec. 23. 

Arnold's Grove.— Sunday evening, Dec. 24, we closed a 
three weeks' series of meetings at this place, conducted by 
the home minister, Bro. Calvin McNelly. The meetings were 
well attended, and we believe seed was sown into honest 
hearts, During the meetings one sister was received into the 
fold by baptism.— IK H. Eisenbise, Dec. 26. 

Cerrogordo.— On Christmas morning we met for a chil- 
dren's meeting. Several of the Brethren gave short talks, and 
we all enjoyed some good songs by the children. A collection 
was taken, amounting to S14.61. It was sent as a Christmas 
offering for the Washington, D. C, meetinghouse. On Thurs- 
day evening, Dec. 28, was the reorganization of the Benevolent 
Society of this congregation. New officers for the coming six 
months were elected. We wish to go onward doing good in 

six months' work and goods sent out was S48.98.— Anna E. 
Boiuman, Dec. 2Q. 

Cerrogordo.— The church met in quarterly council yester- 
day, Dec. 22. Bro. J. G. Royer was with us and gave us en- 
couraging words. Brethren John Arnold and D. J. Blicken- 
staff were also present. All business was transacted very 
pleasantly. Several new business officers were elected and of- 
ficers for Sunday school were confirmed. One letter of mem- 
bei ship was granted. We expect another series of meetings 
or Bible school work within the near future. Bro. Royer gave 
us an excellent talk last evening which all enjoyed. Bro. Eli 
Leslie will preach for us to-night. Bro. Leslie and wife are 
here from Nevada, Mo.-^H«a E. Bowman, Dec. 23. 

Franklin Grove. — The first Bible school ever held in this 
congregation has just closed. Sister Flora E. Teague, of Mt. 
Morris College, offered us her services to conduct the school 
during the Holidays, which were gladly accepted. We know 
the systematic study of the Scriptures, even for this short 
period of time has resulted in much profit to those who were 
permitted to attend regularly, and we believe it will be the 
means of awakening a more general interest in their study in 
the future.— D. B. Senger.Jan. 1. 

Hissong. — Dec. 20, elders J. H. Baker and J. H. Brubaker 
met the Kaskaskia church in council. By the approval of 
every member present, Bro. David T. Wagner was ordained 
to the full ministry. Last September brethren Herbert Wade- 
low, Richard Dooly and Thomas N. Sluder were elected to 
the deacon's office. We now have two active elders, one min- 
ister in the second degree and six deacons. — Granville Nev- 
inger, Dec. 29. 

Oak Grove.— Bro. Jonas Beck was with us last week and 
preached five sermons for us. His sermons were much ap- 
preciated.— John D. Miller, Lowpoint, III., Dec. 30. 

Oakley. — To-day we convened in council. The work was 
disposed of in a Christian manner, and our meeting was a 
pleasant one. One letter of membership was read; also one 
letter granted. Superintendents were elected for our Sunday 
school, — Brethren D. D Blickenstaff and S. Heckman. The 
church treasury was supplied to the amount of £65.64. We 
decided to donate the Gospel Messenger to our poor mem- 
bers.— Ma/tie E. Blickenstaff, Dec. 28. 

Okaw.— According to previous arrangements we held a 
special council Dec. 19, which resulted in electing Bro. S. G. 
Nickey to the ministry and Bro. John Wyne as deacon. Bro. 
Nickey was installed the same day and Bro. Wyne to-day. 
Bro. Heitz preached for us to-day. A collection was taken for 
missionary purposes. — Nora S. Arnold, Lintner, III., Dec. 25, 

Shannon.— Bro. A, W. Ross is now conducting a singing 
class at our church, with an attendance of about twenty-five. 
Our Sunday school is well attended, We are sorry to lose 


Bethel.— Bro. J. F. Spitzer preached two very able sermons 
at the Chapel last Sunday. The Brethren are having an ex- 
cellent social meeting at Salem. Our next quarterly council 
will be the first Saturday in February.— Chauncey I. IVey- 
bright, Milford, Ind., Dec. 26. 

At uncle.— In my report of our love feast at this place it 
was stated that L. W. Teeter was with us. It should have 
been L. L. Teeter. We have an " L. L." and an "L. W. 
Teeter" in our State District. Both are preachers. We had 
a pleasant Thanksgiving meeting. The church gave $13, and 
the Sisters' Aid Society £2, for the India sufferers. Our church 
council of Dec. 21 passed off pleasantly. Bro. Henry C. 
Brown was called to the deacon's office. He, with his wife, 
was duly installed. Elders Isaac E. Branson and J. W. Ra- 
rick were with us. Eld. D. P. Shively stopped with us on the 
evening of Dec. 29, and gave us an interesting talk on " Broth- 
erly Love." We are looking forward to our series of meet- 
ings, to be held in February, when Bro. Isaac Frantz will be 
with us. We extend an invitation to the adjoining churches. 
Come and be with us, and encourage us in our work for the 
Master here in the city. — Geo. L. Studebaker, Dec. 30. 

Nappanee.— We met in council Dec. 28, at 7 P. M. We 
closed at 8: 30 P. M., with a fair attendance. Everything 
passed off pleasantly. Our series of meetings will commence 
Jan. 14, conducted by our elder, J. C. Murray. Jan. 21 Bro. 
H. C. Early will be here to assist us. — B.J. Miller, Dec. 29. 

Upper Fall Creek. — Our council was held last Saturday. 
On account of unfavorable weather many were not pres- 
ent, but it was one among the best meetings we ever had. 
Everything passed off about unanimous. We also had a 
Thanksgiving meeting. Three churches in our congregation 
gave $17.84 for the benefit of the India sufferers. A sermon 
was preached by Bro. A, C. Snowberger. We had preaching 
on Sunday by Bro. Snowberger, and on Christmas Day by 
Bro. D. F. Hoover. Bro. Snowberger held a series of meet- 
ings at Bethel which lasted over two weeks. We had no ac- 
cessions, but good attendance and interest. He was to begin a 
series of meetings at the Lower Fall Creek house, but, on ac- 
count of diphtheria, had to give up the meetings for the pres- 
ent. The writer was chosen as corresponding secretary for 
one year. — Florida J. E. Green, Middletown, hid., Dec. 26. 

Walnut Level.— We just closed a short series of meetings, 
conducted by Bro. B. F. Honeyman, of Center, Ohio. He 
came to us on Saturday evening, Dec. 2, and stayed until Dec. 
'tie "preached ~fne "worh^witV power."" i he meetings 
closed with good attention and interest. God's children were 
built up in that most holy faith and others were almost per- 
suaded to be Christians.— Malinda S. Studebaker, Reiffsburg, 
Ind., Dec. 25. • 

Yellow Creek.— Our series of meetings closed on Dec. 24. 
Bro. J. C. Murray, of Nappanee, Ind., preached for us. His 
sermons were not only rich in Gospel food to members, but 
full of earnest entreaty to those without a hope of future hap- 
piness. Three were made willing to accept eternal life as a 
safe guide in life's pilgrimage. A Bible meeting was held 
previous to each sermon, except on Sunday evening. Bro. 
Murray had made special preparations for teaching, which 
made the lessons instructive. Council, meeting was held on 
Saturday before the close of meeting, at which time a choice 
for two deacons resulted in the selection of brethren Eli Gar- 
ber and Josiah Miller.— Irvin S. Burns, Box 194, Wakarma, 
Ind., Dec. *,. ^ 

Ames.— Bro. Percy Sutter.of Laurens, Iowa, was with us and 
preached four sermons in the Ames church, and also preached 
one sermon in Kelly. We are sorry he could not be with us 
any longer, as good seed was sewn.— Lizzie McColly, Dec. 24. 

Cedar Rapids.— Christmas afternoon quite a number as- 
sembled at the church, to listen to the children speak and sing 
about Jesus and his birth. Afterwards each child received a 
little gift in remembrance of the Great Gift we received 1900 
years ago. We believe that in these exercises the children 
receive impressions they will never forget. Dec. 9, Bro. Dan 
iel Deardorff, of Franklin Grove, gave us a pleasant visit, and 
preached two good sermons for us on Sunday, We appreciate 
these encouragements from visiting brethren and wish more 
would stop with us.— Lizzie Emmert, 941 Ml. Vernon Ave- 
nue, Dec. 27. 

Farnhamvllle.— We met in council Dec. 16, with Eld. D. T. 
Dierdorff presiding. Letters were granted to Bro. J. E. Iken- 
berry and wife. The church now being without a ministering 
brother, we hope some one will settle here to help move the 
good work along. Eld. O. J. Beaver being with us held a good 
series of meetings, which resulted in four being baptized. 
Others were much impressed. We regretted very much to 
see the meetings close, for we believe much good could be 
done here— E. H. Ikenberry, Dec. 20. 

Garrison. — We convened in quarterly council Dec. 16. 
Considerable business was pleasantly disposed of. We elect- 
ed our church officers for next year. We decided to hold our 
spring love feast June q.Sadie Lehman, Dec. 30. 

Liberty ville. Our quarterly council was held Dec. 23, with 
a good representation. Bro. C. E. Wolf was advanced to the 
second degree of the ministry. Eld. ^Daniel Zook, of the 
Pleasant Hill church, assisted in the work.; k We had services 

at the church Christmas Day. Eld. Abram Wolf delivered to 
us an interesting discourse on the birth of Christ. — IV. N. Glot- 
Jel/y, Dec. 26. 

Pleasant View. — Bro. M. W. Emmert, of Cedar Rapids, 
came here Dec. 9, and preached twelve interesting discourses. 
He also gave a talk to the Sunday school, at the Pleasant 
View church. One young soldier was willing to come out on 
the Lord's side, and was baptized. We met in quarterly 
council Dec. 23. All business before the meeting was trans- 
acted in a Christian-like spirit. On Christmas brethren J. 
Zuck and J. Keller gave interesting and appropriate talks to 
the children. — Emma Knop, Dec. 26. 


Burr Oak. — Bro. H. H. Sawyer, of Morrill, Kans., has jnst 
closed a two weeks' series of meetings for us. His labors 
were much appreciated. One came out on the Lord's side 
and was baptized. Bro. James Kinzie, of Ottawa, Kans., is 
with us this week, conducting a class in singing. Bro. Jacob* 
Sloniker, of Arkansas, has lately moved to Burr Oak. We 
gladly welcome him and all others who come as pillars to the 
church, and lights to the world. — Emma J. Modlin, Dec. 27. 

Cottonwood. — We met in council Dec. 16, with Bro. G. W. 
Weddle presiding, All business passed off pleasantly. Sev- 
en letters were received and one brother disowned. — E. B. 
Sargent, Dec. 20. 

Pleasant View. — Last fall Samuel Lanon, and Elizabeth, 
his wife, an aged couple, were baptized here, and are now en- 
joying the spiritual blessings that come to those who unite 
with the church even in old age. — Ida M. Henderson, Friend, 
Kans., Dec. 18. 

North Solomon, — We met in council Dec. 23. All busi- 
ness was transacted in two hours. Never, in the history of the 
church, did we have so pleasant a council.— /V/z/# Landis, 
Osborne, Kans., Dec. 23. 

North Solomon. — The home ministers are holding a series 
of meetings at the Potterville schoolhouse, in the south part 
of our congregation. These meetings have been well attend- 
ed, and the hand of the Lord is seemingly in the work. Two, 
husband and wife, have made their choice on the side of 
right, and were baptized yesterday, in the presence of a large 
concourse of people. The meetings are still going on and we 
believe many are counting the cost. We may report more 
when those meetings close. — Philip Landis, Osborne, Kans., 
Dec. 26. 

Slate Creek.— Christmas Day the members and friends met 
in church services. We bad appropriate exercises, including 
short talks from all of our home ministers. The meeting was 
both profitable and interesting. A collection, amounting to 
SS, was received, which will be sent to the " India Sufferers." — 
Amia"'^N*ewldnd, 'Conway Springs, Kans., Dec. 26. 


Ellerton.— We have built a new church, which will be ded- 
icated Jan. 14, 1900. Bro. W. J. Swigart, of Huntingdon, will 
preach the dedicatory sermon. The new house is built of 
brick and covered with slate. Its size is 44 x 80. The old 
house that we tore down was a frame structure 62 x 38 feet in 
size. It was built in 1847, and had become too small for our 
congregation. We have a Sunday school that numbers 240. 
You will see by this that the Brethren are here to stay. In 
places where there is no Sunday school' it looks as if the 
Brethren were losing ground— George S. Harp, Dec. 31. 
Worthlngton.— Since our last report five have been added 
to the church by letter, and four by baptism. Bro. Beaver held 
a two weeks' series of meetings near Edgerton, thirty miles 
northwest of here. It resulted in four additions by baptism. 
The Worthington church is moving along nicely. We number 
upwards of sixty now. We have reorganized our Sunday 
school with Bro. Joshua Schechter, Jr., as superintendent — 
Lizzie Hilary, Dec. 26. 

Juniata.— We met in council Dec. 27. Eld. C. B. Smith 
presided over the meeting. One was received by letter. Bro. 
Smith was continued as our elder. All business passed off in 
a quiet manner. Bro. Smith gave us several good sermons 
while with us.— B. Luella Smith, Dec. 31. 

Sappy Creek.— We met in council Dec, 16. Ail business 
was disposed of in love and kindness. Bro. J. P. Nofziger 
presided.—/. M. Osborn, Edison, Nebr., Dec. 23. 

Wood River.— We convened in council, in Kearney, Dec. 
16. We decided to have a Bible Normal during the Holidays. 
Our series of meetings will begin Jan. 8.— Lottie P. Snavely, 
Kearney, Nebr., Dec. 25- 

A Correction.— In Gospel Messenger No. 50, in Bro. 
Reuben Shroyer's correspondence from Tuscarawas church, 
Ohio, the collection on Thanksgiving Day for India sufferers 
was given as S2.46. We meant to say $12.46— A. W. Yutzey, 
Dec. 25. 

Loudonville.— Bro. A. I. Heestand, of Smithville, Ohio, be- 
gan meetings at this place Nov. 28, and continued for two 
weeks. The Word was preached with earnestness and power. 
Three souls came to Christ. A collection of S700 was taken 
on Thanksgiving Day for the India Mission.— Grace M. Work- 
man, Dec. 27. 

Oakland.— Bro. D. S. Filbrun came to us Dec. 9 and re- 
mained till the 24th, delivering twenty-two well-prepared ser- 

Jan. 6, 1900. 


mons. He labored earnestly. Some good impressions have 
been made, and we pray God's blessing upon his labors here, 
that the good seed sown may be productive of much good for 
the Master's cause.—/. H. Christian, Gettysburg, Ohio, Dec. 

Manchester. — Last night 1 closed my series of meetings, 
after having been here eighteen days. We had a good meet- 
ing and good interest. We baptized three and reclaimed two. 
Others are near the kingdom. Prospects are good to build up 
a church here. — H. F. Brubaker, Dec. 22. 


Cherry drove.— Sept. 6 Bro. B. F. Ranck, of the Licking 
Creek congregation, Pa., came to this point, in the outskirts of 
the Aughwick congregation, and preached five excellent ser- 
mons for us.— J. H. Masemore, Dec. 24. 

Chiques. — This congregation met in special council at 
Chiques Hill, on Christmas afternoon, for the purpose of elect- 
ing a brother to the ministry. Elders B. Z. Eby, of Manheim, 
and J. H. Longanecker, of Palmyra, conducted the election. 
Bro. Samuel B. Fahnestock was chosen. Bro. Samuel H. 
Hertzler was also advanced to the second degree of the minis- 
try. A special two weeks' Bible term, conducted by Bro. J. 
Kurtz Miller, of Franklin County, will be held during Febru- 
ary, in Elizabethtown. — John C. Zug, Maslersonvilie, Pa., Dec. 

Glade. — The Mission Board of Western Pennsylvania met 
at Somerset to-day. Among the business transacted, the 
Board decided to open a mission point at Pittsburg, April 1, 
1900. Bro. S. S. Blough, and wife, consented to take charge 
of it. — H. A. Stahl, Secretary of Board, Dec. 26. 

Indian Creek. — Bro. John Witmer came to us Nov. 11 and 
began a series of meetings, preaching each evening and sev- 
eral mornings, ending Nov. 18. The meetings were well at- 
tended, and good attention was given. The church was much 
refreshed. — Hannah P. Shister, Vernfield, Pa., Dec. 25. 

Lower Cumberland. — We have just recently closed a very 
interesting series of meetings, conducted by Bro. Reuben R. 
Shroyer, of Canton, Ohio, who came to us Dec. 4, and contin- 
ued till the evening of the 20th, delivering, in all, nineteen 
soul- inspiring sermons. The members were much strength- 
ened. Good order and attention seemed to prevail. Two ex- 
pressed a willingness to unite with God's people. May the 
Lord help them to prove faithful. Many more are near the 
kingdom, At this writing Bro. Shroyer is engaged in a series 
of meetings at our Boiling Springs house, — Martha Moh/er, 
Dillsburg, Pa., Dec. 26. 

Mechanic Orove. — In our last report it was stated that 
Bro. Henry Hollinger would open a series of meetings at the 
Mechanic Cray* house. On ?.c;ount of sickress in b^g fnrni)" 
he could not be present, so Bro. B. F. Masterson, of Lords- 
burg, Cal., who is back to visit the home of his childhood, con- 
ducted the meetings. He commenced Dec. 9, and closed 
Dec. 24. In all he preached nineteen sermons,- eighteen at 
Mechanic Grove and one at Elim. Attendance and attention 
were good. The thirty-minutes Bible reading, which we had 
before the services, was very much enjoyed.— Mary P. Phi/, 
lipy. Little Britain, Pa., Box 14, Dec. 30. 

Middle Creek — The time for our regular services was on 
Sunday before Christmas. Bro I. B. Ferguson preached for 
us over Sunday and Bro. H. A. Stahl on Christmas morning. 
After the services we held a collection for the India sufferers, 
amounting 10512.30.— Carrie Walker, Glade, Pa., Dec. 27. 

Mountville.— Thirteen were added to the Mountville 
church by baptism since my last report.— H. E. Light, Dec. 28. 

Notice.— Sunday schools of Western Pennsylvania, not hav- 
ing received report blanks, should notify the undersigned at 
once. Return these reports soon.— S. S. Plough, District 
Secretary, Johnstown, Pa., Dec. 26. 


Plney Flats.— We held a few meetings at the Pleasant Hill 
church, near Blountville, Tenn. Two made the good confes- 
sion. The church here is in union and love. They are getting 
along nicely with their new church building, and will soon be 
ready to dedicate it to the service of God.— N. B. Christner, 
Dec. 25, * 

Sugar Creek.— Bro. S. G. Lehmer began a series of meet- 
ings at this place Nov. 25, and closed on Christmas evening, 
resulting in sixteen uniting with the church by baptism, The 
church was much built up.— C. D, Miller, Elida, Ohio, Dec. 

West Nimlshillen.— We met on Thanksgiving Day for 
services. Collection for India sufferers, $14.00. We com- 
menced a series of meetings Dec. 23. Bro. A. I. Heestand is 
with us.— H. S. Young, New Berlin, Ohio, Dec. 26. 


Saginaw.— The members of the District of Texas and 
Southwestern Louisiana will please note the following: In Dis- 
trict Meeting Minutes you will see my address under different 
headings is given as Nocona, Texas. All interested will 
please note that my address is changed to Saginaw, Tarrant 
Co., Texas. I came here from the debate, recently held, and 
expect to make this my home, for a while at least.— A. J. 
Wine, Sunday-school Secretary and District and Missionary 
Treasurer, Dec. 21. 


Oermantown —On Christmas Day six were baptized and 
one reclaimed, as the result of a series of meetings, conducted 
by the home brethren. The preaching was done by Eld. 
Henry I kenberry .—John W. Barn hart, Dec. 27. 

Spring Creek.— We are at the beginning of a series of 
meetings, conducted by Bro. I. J. Rosenberger. We also have 
a singing class, conducted by Bro. Solomon Cline. We have 
singing during the day and preaching at night. We have 
had three sermons, well attended.— M. B. Miller, Dec. 25. 


Centralia.— Bro. M. M. Eshelman cameto us and conducted 
a Bible class. He preached a short sermon, after teaching, 
with good interest. We held our council Dec. 16 and our love 
feast the day following, Dec. 17. Thirteen members com- 
muned. Bro. M. M. Eshelman officiated.— Mrs. Alice S. 
Christlieb, Dec. 28. 


Alleghany.— Bro. Taylor Sines came to us Dec. 9, and began 
a series of meetings, preaching, in all, eleven sermons. Last- 
ing impressions were made. Some were almost persuaded. 
Bro. Sines is an able expounder of the truth and he did much 
good by being with us~Lillie C. Moore, Bismark, W, Va., 
Dec. 24. 


Ash Ridge — Dec. 16 Bro. C. C. Price, of Polo, 111., came to 
labor for the cause at this place, and continued the meetings 
until the evening of Dec. 24. Three were received by bap- 
tism and more were almost persuaded to come. The interest 
and attendance showed that our brother's efforts were appre- 
ciated. We hope the good work may prosper here. Our 
Sunday school is growing more interesting, as is shown by an 
increase in attendance.— A Hie Ekleberry, Ash Ridge, Wis., 
Dec. 26. 

Stanley.— We have just closed a very interesting series of 
meetings in the Maple Grove church. Our Elder, C. P. Row- 
land, came to us Dec. 16, and preached for us each evening 
until the 27th. He preached, in all, fourteen sermons. While 
there were no additions to the church, the members were en- 
couraged, and sinners warned to flee the wrath to come. We 
also had a council Dec. 23, with considerable business be- 
fore the meeting, which was disposed of to the satisfaction of 
all present. — /. C, Cripe, Dec. 27. 


" Write what thou seeat, and scud it unto the churches." 

^"Church News solicited lor this Department. If you have had a good 
meeting, send a report of It, so that others may rejoice with you, la writing, 
give name of church, county and state. Be brief. Notes of Travel should be 
as brief as possible. Land or other advertisements are not solicited for this 
department. Our advertising columns afford ample room lor that purpose. 

singing and prayer. The lesson is then studied and discussed 
by the superintendent and teachers. 

The duty of the elder in charge, to the Sunday school, is to at- 
tend as often as possible and take part in the exercises, teach a 
class or address the school if requested to do so. He should 
encourage parents to assist their children at home and then go 
with them to the Sunday school, thus training the little ones to 
love the work. He should oversee the work; and caution bis 
workers, lest they go out after the world too much. 

How may we interest the little ones in singing? By mak- 
ing singing a leading feature of meetings, by selecting songs 
which they can sing, by inviting them to select songs and by 
allowing them to sing some songs alone, when they can. 

Many expressed themselves as being pleased with the meet- 
ing, and felt that they were amply paid for their efforts to be 

A committee composed of S. Wine, A. M. NeherandC. E. 
Holmes was appointed to arrange for another meeting some- 
time during the autumn of 1900. D. C. Glick. 

Jasper, Mo., Dec. 2Q. 

Notes from India. 

From various parts of India reports show that the famine is 
becoming more and more severe. At the present time there 
are nearly one million persons engaged on relief works such as 
new lines of railway, water tanks and other like work. This 
means hard work for the sufferers, with scarcely enough food 
to keep starvation from the door. Much work, also, is required 
to supply food for the cattle, while thousands of head have al- 
ready died. 

Hundreds of famine people continue to pass through the ba- 
zaar at this place from other districts where famine is severe. 
Their weak and emaciated forms plainly tell the story of their 
need of food. How does this condition compare with the groan- 
ing tables at home, so often seen at Vjianksgiving and Christ- 
mas time? While you thank the good Lord for what you have, 
try also to remember the poor of India, if possible in a practi- 
cal way. 

This week our brother Lellow moved his family to this 
place in order to help along in the work of the Lord among the 
people of Novsari and surrounding villages. He has been 
quite successful in selling Gospels in his former field and we 
trust the Lord may abundantly bless his future efforts. 

In addition to Brother and Sister Stover's arduous duties of 
caring for the orphans, looking after the building of the bunga- 
low and other necessary duties, they have, for some days p?.st, 
the added care and anxiety occasioned by the illness of little 
Emmert. He has had an attack of small-pox but we hope the 

worst is now over and that he- nnv (non »rnv» J>; E 

,, ._, -_.._ VVOrSt IS nOW over 3P0 that he mov «nnn »riv>r J;ic n»i"l 

Report of District Sunday-*} h, v *hose who oat- (bodies named are the largest. It will ^ ■- **-d 

Missouri, held Dec. 28 _ . in RstntteN mri M. •**•«» <•-' — «-^- —id sister in thd, . 

" mcttoh. 

The meeting organized by electing Bro. Geo. Barnhart, Mod- 
erator; D. C. Glick, Secretary; C. E. Holmes, Assistant Secre- 

During the discussion of the program many beneficial 
thoughts were advanced, some of which are noted below. 

The Sunday school is the connecting link between the home 
and the church. Sunday-school work is more important than 
preaching, because it molds the character of the children. 
The Sunday school and church should work together in 
harmony, as they are doing the same work,— teaching the Gos- 
pel. Children are taught many good lessons, as giving their 
pennies. They should be encouraged to bring new scholars, 
thus making them little missionaries. The Sunday school has 
been the means of bringing scores into the church. 

The superintendent should be an earnest, thorough Chris- 
tian, at all times and in all places. He should have as good 
talent as we have in the church. He should be at Sunday 
school on time, and greet the pupils as they come. He should 
have a general oversight of the school, see to the arranging 
of classes, singing, etc. It is better if he have a good Bible 
knowledge, and also some time to study, in order that he may 
be prepared to answer questions that may be asked. It is not 
best for him to teach a class, nor should he talk much, as a rule. 
The teacher should be a Christian, a perfect model for the 
little ones to copy, for they are anxious to learn and apt to im- 
itate, The teaching should be adapted to the needs and com- 
prehension of the particular class taught. He should answer 
no .questions which the class can be led to answer. He should 
be careful not to slight the timid ones, nor the poor ones. He 
should insist on a regular attendance and inquire about the 
absent ones. 

The parents may help the Sunday school by attending it, by 
helping children prepare lessons, by interesting others in the 
Sunday school, by always being on time, by encouraging offi- 
cers and teachers. They may hinder the Sunday school by an 
opposite course, even without intending to do so. 

The pupils should thoroughly prepare the lesson. They 
should begin early in the week, and read the Scriptures sug- 
gested in our helps. They should greet pleasantly their teach- 
er, the superintendent and their classmates. Tbey should be 
ready to select songs and help in singing when requested. 
They should give attention to every exercise of the school. 
They may also assist their less brilliant classmates in prepar- 
ing the lesson. 

Teachers' meetings are held for the purpose of assisting 
teachers to become better qualified for their work, and more 
united in their views. They should be held once a week, if 
practicable, but if not, they may be held once a month or as 
often as seems best to those attending. They are opened by 

Already two years have passed since we came to India. The 
time has been chiefly a time of preparation for more active 
work. With so much that ought to be done it requires pa- 
tience to wait till a speaking knowledge of the language can 
be obtained. We are happy in our work and happy in the 
Lord and still we need his help as well as the prayers of his 
people at all times. D , L . Forney. 

Novsari, Dec. 1, 

. ♦ . 

Wayside Notes. 

We closed a series of meetings on Christmas eve in Mechan- 
ics Grove church, Lancaster Co., Pa. We had Bible work of 
thirty minutes prior to preaching services. Thi> part of the 
church comprises one-third of the County.and has but thirty- 
six members, while the other part of the County is divided in- 
to nine congregations with over two thousand members. 

This part of the County was settled in an early day by the 
Scotch-Irish and the Brethren did not get a foothold until 
about four years ago, when Eld. Geo. Bucher, with several other 
families, located here. By the aid of the District Mission 
Board and adjoining churches a convenient house of worship 
was erected. As this is an entirely English settlement, if a 
young, active, English-bred preacher would locate here, to as- 
sist Eld. Bucher, it would help much to build up the cause. 
Land here is cheaper and even more productive than in the 
German settlements. 

This is the birthplace of Rob't Fulton who was first in the 
application of steam to navigation. The two-story stone house 
in which he was born, in 1765, is still in a well-preserved 
state - B, F. Masterson. 

Dec. 26. 

Death of Bro I. O. Thompson. 

Bro. Thompson died in the Oakland congregation, Md„ 
Dec. 25, 1899. He was born in Maryland, eight miles south of 
Oakland. He came to the church in early life, and was ever 
faithful. He was elected to the ministry in 1887, In 18SS he 
was advanced to the second degree. He did much and last- 
ing good in his labors for the Master's cause. His sickness- 
rheumatism and spinal affection,— was attended with much 
severe pain. His death left many sorrowing friends, and the 
church here sustains a loss which will be hard to replace. 
The funeral took place Dec. 27. A large concourse of people 
assembled at the home cemetery, for the last sad rites to the 
departed one. He leaves three children by his first wife. He 
also leaves his second wife and her six children. Funeral 
text. Rev. 21: 4. Services conducted by the writer and Bro. 
T. B. Digman. \y. T. Sines. 

'X'Jd-hJ gospel :m::ess:e:£Tg:e:e^_ 

Jan. 6, 1900. 

Sowing Seed. 

Soon the time will be here again when the farmer will re- 
sort to the field, to prepare the soil for another crop. Seed- 
time is the very beginning of vegetable or plant lite. When 
we sow seed we invariably look forward to an increase or har- 

The same kind of seed we sow, we expect to reap. If we 
sow wheat we expect to reap wheat, and if we sow flax we ex- 
pect to reap flax, and so on. While we are all familiar with 
seed-sowing from a temporal standpoint, let us now make a 
spiritual application. 

Every one of God's creatures is sowing seed every day, if 
not in one way, in another. Perhaps a minister comes into a 
congregation and labors for one, two or three weeks, without 
any accession 1 ?. You mny think he is doing no good, but yon 
are mistaken. There must oe a seed time before harvest. If 
he has sown the right kind of seed, it will be as bread cast up- 
on the waters, to he gathered in future time by some one else. 

Bm the most significant phase of the subject is this. " What- 
soever a man sowcth thai shall he also reap." Did ynu ever 
stop to think just what kind of seed you are sown g? G > 
right to the family and see what you are sowing there. Are 
you sowing seeds of kindness, patience, love and good will, <r 
is it seeds of ill will, hatred, anger, and all that tends towards 
evil? O let love and peace reign in our families, in our 
churches, yea in our beloved Brotherhood! Mothers did you 
ever realize when you were putting upon your children all 
kinds of fashionable attire, that you were sowing the seed of 
pride in their little hearts? Did you realize that it is the seed 
of thorns, which, in later days, will pierce your own breas's? 
Perhaps you think it is all right to dress your children in 
worldly fashion, but, remember, the time will come when you 
will, on your knees, implore God to rescue your son or daugh- 
ter from the great evil, " Pride." Then, all too late, you will 
realize that you have spurned God's command in neglecting 
the proper training of your children. Then God's displeasure 
will rest upon you. The preacher will be called upon to get 
fashion out of them, after you instilled it into them during 
their immature years. Just think of some young man that was 
brought up in the way of the Lord, taught plainness, humility 
and all the Christian graces, and see how much more read- 
ily he accepted and clung to the principles of the church. 
Why? Simply because he had but very little to sacrifice, and 
had none of the fashions and allurements of the world to for- 
sake. May the Lord grant us more light upon this vitally im- 
portant subject, because upon the rising generation the future 
work of the church depends. C. A. Miller. 

Westphalia, /Cans. 

_Uttle Things. 

How we all desire to become famous by doing some great 
things. If we could do some great thing as some great man 
has done, we would be willing to go to work. We frequently 
hear it said: " If 1 could preach as such and such a man I 
would like to devote my entire time to the preaching of the 
Gospel; and if I could pray as eloquently as a certain person I 
would like to engage in public prayer;" " or if I had the gift 
.of singing I would like to sing." But let us remember that the 
great men of to-day did not become famous in one day, one 
week, or possibly not in one year. It is by doing the little 
things and doing them well that we are prepared for greater 
usefulness in the church and world. 

Again, let it be remembered that it is not the greatest 
orator, or the most profound scholar that may be doing the 
greatest amount of good to-day. It is improving the oppor- 
tunities for doing good that present themselves to us now 
that will tell for time and in eternity. We see brethren or sis- 
ters that are burdened with the cares and sorrows of lite, 
until they have become discouraged and are about to give up 
the struggle and forsake the cause of Christ. It is but a 
little thing to go to them, speak words of comfort and 
try to encourage them on their pilgrim journey, but thereby 
we create in them new zeal and energy, and they again go 
forth to battle the opposing elements with greater zeal than 
ever before. And who will say that we have not accomplished 
a great work? 

Again, there are those of our loved ones for whom Christ has 
died who are yet sporting on the barren mountains of sin, say- 
ing by their ways and actions that they will not have the Son 
of God to reign in and rule over them. It would seem a very 
small thing to tell them of the love of God, how he sent his 
Sod into the world to suffer and die that they might be forever 
happy, and possibly get them to see their lost condition and 
turn to serving God. By thus doing those little things we 
might accomplish a great work, for the Bible tells us that he 
who converts the sinner from the error of his way shall save a 
soul from death, and shall hide a multitude of sins. Jas. 5: 20. 
Little acts of kindness have been the means of removing 
many a heavy burden from our fellow-creatures. 

On the other hand, it is the little sins that are causing so 
much misery in the world. We take the young roan as he 
leaves the parental roof and starts out into the world. He 
meets with temptations which seem very small, but which, it 
yielded to, become fastened upon him, and in future years 
he cannot overcome them. Take for instance the intoxicating 
cup. It seems a little thing. He thinks he can take one 
drink and thm let it alone; but we should behold him as the 
years go by, and the habit becomes so great he < annot break 
off. Oh the idea of filling a felon's cell or a drunkard's grave, 
all because of the first little glass of liquor! Dear children, 

shun those little evils as you would the deadly poison, for they 
destroy both soul and body. The persons that to-day fill our 
prisons did not at first commit some great crime, but they al- 
lowed themselves to be led away little by little, until to-day 
they are behind prison bars, excluded from their families and 

Then, dear brother and sister, let us refrain from participat- 
ing in those little things, that present themselves to us, that are 
of a questionable character; but when, on the other hand, they 
are calculated to raise us to a higher plane, however little they 
may seem to be, let us do them with our might, and if we can- 
not preach as some great orator, let us tell the people of the 
love of God and the good things in reservation for the child of 
God. If we cannot deliver such an eloquent prayer, let us re- 
member that God knows the secret thoughts and intents of the 
heart, and let us do the little things that present themselves to 
us, and thereby honor and glorify the Creator of all things. 

J. W. Keisek. 

Primrose, Ohio. 

Is Novel Reading Dangerous? 

Is it dangerous to read novels, and why? That is the ques- 
lion which has heen on my mind for some time, and the an- 
swer comes, " Yes." Some may ask, " Why? " I answer, Be- 
cause in reading novels we lose sight of the Book of God, — the 
most precious Book to be found. 

Again, by reading the thrilling adventures, as described in 
novels, we unconsciously endeavor to train ourselves in line 
with the characters about whom we are reading, thus causing 
unnecessary agitation of our nervous system. 

Better, by far, to turn to the Holy Scriptures, and to train 
ourselves in line with the meek and lowly Christ. I write 
from personal experience, for I was long addicted to novel 
read ng, but hope, by the grace of God, to help others to a bet- 
ter life. 

How much more joy and fewer divorces there would be, if 
all the trashy novels and fictitious literature were replaced by 
good books and papers! 

Many a child has inherited the love of novels, while others 
have formed the habit in after-years, probably from having 
heard some read while yet young. What is the duty of par- 
ents in this matter? They should carefully select their chil- 
dren's reading matter. Let each novel be replaced by a good 
book or paper. Let them be sure to have the Gospel Mes- 
senger or. the Pilot. They are excellent papers. " Letters 
to the Young from the Old World," " Girdling the Globe," and 
" Thrilling Incidents on Sea and Land," are among the best 
books. The above reading matter should not only be placed 
in the library, but should be read by parents, thus setting an 
example for the young. 

1 'viihi&'uuCtiff, JfciiiosrbfcEatiiifrJ.jft'uh.' cvtr setfii lefBL-v-flris- 
tian mother reading to her little ones from some good book or 
paper, thus imprinting on the young minds the love of good. 

My sad experience as a siave to the dreadful habit of novel 
reading has taught me that it is no easy task to give up what 
has become a fixed habit from childhood. Dear reader, wher- 
ever you may be, if you are a slave to novels, I humbly beg 
you to cast them aside, and you will find more joy and peace 
in life, even though your days are almost numbered. 

With heartfelt thanks for the wholesome advice in the book 
entitled, " Letters to the Young from the Old World," I must 
acknowledge that it was the turning point of my life. May 
the beloved sister write more such advice to the giddy, young 
in the world, and may her book be placed into the hands of 
every boy and girl, yes, every man and woman, far and wide! 

Mary A. Cross. 

Field Notes. 

Dec. I I went to Bedford County, Va., and spent three 
weeks at different points, looking after the " few sheep." A 
patient, earnest, continuous effort is very much needed here 
to arouse these people and encourage them to steadfastness. 
The " sanctification " wave has swept over this country, fol- 
lowed closely by the "Holy Ghost" or "Apostolic" church. 
These waves or gales do not last long. Then the people be- 
come religiously demoralized and wonder about themselves, 
"Who am 1?" 

This modern sanctification seems to have a detrimental ef- 
fect upon the people. First they are deceived, then they be- 
come hypocritical or skeptical, or go crazy. 

The " Apostolic" church is a new organization, having its 
rise in Richmond, Va. They call down the Holy Ghost on the 
people and he generally knocks them down and holds them 
until the Lord permits them to rise and become themselves 
again. I was reliably informed that a young lady, getting un- 
der the influence of this Spirit, began to reel and stagger. 
When her father tried to keep her from falling out of the door, 
the preacher forbade bim, and then called out, "God,, kill 
her," "Kill her, God." Such mockery is characteristic of 
Baal worshipers. 

Such false doctrines we have to meet, but the Bible speaks 
■ if deceivers waxing' worse and worse. While here in Bedford 
I visited Miss Elizabeth Creary, who was born Oct. 19, 1793. 
She is now in her 107th year. She can see and hear well, and 
is quite cheerful and hearty. She has a beard about six inch- 
es long. She is not a member of any church, but is noted for 
her kindness. She has never been more than twenty-five 
miles from her present home, She now lives within four 
miles of the place of her birth. 
One member was restored recently. C. D. Hvlton. 

Another Debate. 

Dec. 15 Eld. J. F. Neher, of Saginaw, Texas, closed another 
debate. This was held at the Tarpin Neck schoolhouse, five 
miles northeast of Springtown, in the southern part of Wise 
County, Texas. His opponent was N. L. Clark, of the Chris- 
tian church, an evangelist and debater. This is his tenth de- 
bate, and he has two more arranged. 

No definite propositions were agreed upon before the time 
of meeting. Each one was to affirm that the church with 
which he stands identified possesses Gospel characteristics, 
entitling it to be regarded as the church of Jesus Christ. 

Bro. Neher's object was to show the Gospel differences, but 
time would not permit to bring up all of them. 

The establishment or setting up of the kingdom or church, 
baptism, feet-washing, Lord's Supner, holy kiss, nonswearing, 
nonresistance, nonconformity and secret societies, were the 
points discussed. Nine sessions, of two hours each, were 
held, except the first, which, for good reasons, was only one 

Bro. Neher did his part quite well, and it was apparent that 
his opponent found it hard work to bring arguments strong 
enough to refute the Gospel truths. As a whole it was a very 
fair debate, there being not as much ridicule resorted to as is 
often done. 

There are no Brethren living where the debate was held, the 
doctrine being almost unknown until about two years ago. 
Since that time Bro. Neher has preached considerable. We 
look for good results from the efforts that have been put forth. 

A. J. Wine. 

Saginaw, Texas, Dec. 20. 

From Anklesvar, India. 

On Wednesday, Nov. 15, we took up our abode at this 
place. We are seventy-five miles north of Bulsar. We 
sousht a location closer to our brethren, but when we went 
south or east a suitable distance the language changed, and at 
my age I felt it imprudent to try a second language before I 
could work well in the first. Again we found another difficul- 
ty in securing a house suitable for Europeans. This is quite 
an item when you go out into smaller places. 

Just how hard it is to get a house that one can live in and be 
safe in this climate, cannot be understood by one who has only 
visited towns that have come much under English influence. 
We have visited many places nearer Bulsar but found no 
place that looks more hopeful as a field than this. We are the 
only English people here. There are quite a number of Par- 
sees and Mohammedans here that speak English. We have 
found them very kind and obliging to us, so far. Our work 
here will be among the Bhil population mainly. Time will 
len'wuat i;airt..b-» done f-.iU'iuesc peouic into tne uTgut, 

S. N. McCann. 
Nov. 24. 

From the Salem Church, N. Dak. 

This congregation was organized Nov. 1, 1808, a little over 
one year ago, with about fifty members. Now we have about 
eighty. Soon after the organization the writer went to Kansas 
to spend the winter. In the spring I returned with the col- 
ony. Our first meeting was April 1. From that time on we 
had preaching and Sunday school every Sunday during the 
summer. The members worked together. The interest in 
both Sunday school and preaching kept increasing. The peo- 
ple would come irom far and near until our schoolhouse 
would not hold all the eager listeners. It seemed they en- 
joyed plain Gospel preaching. The interest kept increasing, 
and we thought it good to give an invitation, now and then, at 
the close of our meetings. As a result applicants commenced 
coming from one to three, until ten had accepted Christ and 
were baptized. 

It was thought that we ought to have a meetinghouse. The 
church unanimously agreed on a place, and now our solicitors 
are gathering money for a house, to be built next summer, if 
the Lord wills, 

The older I get the more I see the need of mission work. 
What was done here, in the Salem church, can be done at oth- 
er places. At the organization of the Salem church the writer 
was the only minister living here. Two moved here this fall, 
and two more talk of coming in the spring. We have three 
deacons. We are in love and union. The members are all 
contending for the faith once delivered to the saints. 

Andrew Neher. 

Why Is It? 

I notice that a number of calls are made for ministers to 
engage in evangelistic work, but they seem to be bard to get. 
One reason this class of ministers are scarce is that so many 
of the older ones have dropped out, and not so many of the 
younger are willing to take up the work. I know of some of 
our best workers tiat are " keepers at home." Some have ail- 
ments, others are needed at home on account of other duties, 
and others like to stay by a warm fire. 

I felt as though I had done my share of evangelistic work, 
but am still willing to go and do all I can, when called upon. 
Many souls are starving for the Bread and Water of Life; why 
not work while it is day? Soon, soon, the night (of death) will 
come. Then our work will stop. More laborers are needed 
in the Lord's harvest field to gather in the golden grain. The 
prophets should cry aloud and spare not, for time is so pre- 
cious. J- H, Miller. 

Jan. 6, 1900. 



Frank Leslie s Popular Monthly, for Janu- 
ary, opens with a finely-illustrated and well- 
written article, entitled, " America at tbe Paris 
Exposition." The paper is a most interesting 
one, and will enable the reader to learn much 
concerning Paris, and the many things that 
may be seen in the Babylon of Europe. Prob- 
ably no article will be more widely and more 
profitably read than tbe one entitled " Way- 
side Views of Life in Persia." The article is 
fully illustrated, and shows up life in Persia in 
a very instructive and attractive manner. An- 
other paper — " England's Free Hand on the 
Nile " — contains a great deal of valuable infor- 
mation concerning Egypt and the Nile Valley 
in particular. _ 

Cram's Magazine is the title of an exceed- 
ingly interesting monthly just started by Geo. 
F. Cram, New York. We have before us the 
November and December issues. The mechan- 
ical work on the magazine is a credit to the 
printers, while the liierary cast is equal to that 
of the best of the old monthlies. The publica- 
tion is devoted to History, Geography, and 
current topics of the day, and is also profusely 
illustrated. One has only to glance over the 
table of contents to learn that the journal is 
one of special value, and will fill a long felt 
want. In the first issue we find chapters on 
Egypt, Ethiopia, Chaldea, Assyria, The Book 
of Genesis, The British and the Boers, etc. In 
No. 2 will be found able articles on Media, 
Babylonia. Persia, The Peace Conference at 
the Hague, Advent of the Moslem, and many 
other topics of interest. Price, 25 cents per 
number. _ 

" Babylonian and Assyrian Life and Cus- 
toms," by A. H. Sayce, professor of Assyriolo- 
gy at Oxford; Charles Scribner's Sons, pub- 
lishers, New York, bound in cloth, 266 pages; 
price, Si-ZS- This is by far the most interest- 
ing and instructive book, regarding the an 
tiquities and customs along the Euphrates and 
Tigris valleys, where the human race first set- 
tled, that has come to our desk in a long while. 
Here we are told of the people who lived long 
betHre the days ot Ahraham, how they settled 
in the country, developed it and built cities. 
We are told of their customs, language, laws, 
education, libraries, schools, trades, houses, 
lands, money lending, banking business, mort- 
gages, slavery, free labor, letter writing, gov- 
ernment, army, religion, weights, measures, 
and scores of other things that throw a flood of 
light on the early history of our race. The 
spade has done wonders in the far east, and 
this work tells of some of the facts that have 
been unearthed. The author shows how the 
ancients employed clay on which to make their 
records, and how these clay tablets were 
burned, stored away in immense libraries, and 
many of them have been found and are in a 
good state of preservation. One library con- 
taining 32,000 volumes, written fully 2,700 
years B. C, has been found, and now we can 
read of the events of nearly five thousand 
years ago, with nearly as much satisfaction as 
we read of the occurrences of very recent cen- 
turies. We pronounce it a remarkable work 
of great value. It may be ordered from the 
Messenger office. 

WYATT— BOYD. — At the home of the 
bride's parents, in the Salem church, N. Dak., 
Dec. 17, 1899, by the undersigned, Mr. John 
Wyatt, of Devils Lake, N. Dak., and Sister 
Etta Boyd, of Cando, N. Dak. 

Andrew Neher. 

LARSEN— REIFF.— At the home of the 
bride's parents, Eld. J. A. and Sister Mary 
Weaver, Dec. 25, 1899, by the undersigned, 
Lawrence Larsen and Sister Elsie ReifT, both 
of Bowbells, N. Dak. A. W. Hawbaker. 

* Blessed are the dead which die In the Lord." 


' What therefore God hath joined together, let not 
man put asunder." 

SELL— MYRES.— At the residence of the 
bride's parents, near Fredonia, Wilson Co., 
Kans., by the undersigned, Bro. W. H. Sell 
and Sister Syra C, Myres, all of Fredonia, 
Kans. W. H. Miller. 

ANGUS— ELLSBURY.— At the residence 
of the bride's father, in Mt. Pleasant, Pa., by 
the undersigned, Mr. J. L. Angusr and Miss 
Mary Ellsbury, both of Mt. Pleasant, Pa. 

A. D. Christner. 

SHAFFER— RIEMAN.— At the residence 
of the bride, near Berlin, Pa,, Dec. 24, 1809, 

by the undersigned, Bro. Joseph J. Shaffer, 
of Hooversville, Pa., and Sister Clara G. 

Rieman, of Berlin, Pa. W. G. Schrock. 

FAHRNEY-ENGLAR— At Westminster, 
Md., Dec. 14, 1899, by the undersigned, Bro. J. 
Welty Fahrney, of Frederick, Md , and Sister 
Lydia Roop Englar, of New Windsor, Md. 

Chas. D. Bonsack. I 

ANNIS.— In the city of South Bend, Ind„ 
Nov. 29, 1899, Bro. William Annis, aged 
years, 9 months and 22 days. A year ago he 
united with the Brethren church, which rela- 
tionship he enjoyed. Besides his wife he 
leaves seven children. Services by tbe writer, 
H. W. Krieghbaum. 

BARNHIZER.—At Mt. Morris, III., Dec. 20, 
1899, Bro. Samuel Barnhizer, aged 50 years 
and 24 days. Deceased was married to Mary 
Elizabeth Royer, Nov. 12, 1876. Both united 
with the Brethren church about sixteen years 
ago. To them were born three children. AH 
of his family survive him except the elder of 
the two daughters. Services by brethren D, 
E. Price and Ephraim Trostle from Job 19: 25- 
27. ~Nelson Shirk. 

BRATTAIN.— In the Stony Creek church, 
Ind., Dec. 13, 1899, Armstrong Brattain, aged 
68 years, 7 months and 9 days. He leaves 
wife and five children. He joined the church 
in 1898, and was ever faithful. Services by the 
writer from John 11: 25. 

John S. McCartv. 

DIERMEYER. — In the North Liberty 
church, Ind., Oct. 24, 1899, Bro. Martin Dier 
meyer, aged 78 years, 10 months and 9 days. 
He was born in Freiberg, Germany, in 1820, 
and with his parents came to America in 1834. 
They first settled at Bucyrus, Ohio. In 1862 
he, with his family, moved to Indiana, where 
he resided until his death. A wife and five 
cnmiVen survive mm. Me was a memDer of 
the Brethren church for about fifty years. He 
was an earnest worker and a irue Christian, 
Services by brethren Early and Hartman, 
from 1 Thess. 4: 13-18; also Isa. 57: 1, 2, 1, c. 
which were his own selections. 

Mary Hildebrand. 

ECCARD.— In the bounds of the Middle 
District church, Ohio, Oct. 5, 1899, Sarah Ec- 
card, aged 66 years, 6 months and 5 days. She 
was a daughter of John Shroyer, of Frederick 
County, Md. She was married to George 
Rice. By this union two children were born. 
She was next married to Frederick Eccard. 
Six children blessed this union. They came to 
Ohio in 1881. Sister Eccard united with the 
church early in life and lived faithful until 
death. She was sick but a few hours. Funer- 
al and interment at West Union, by the Breth- 
ren. , E. C. Eccard. 

FELGER.— In the Indian Creek congrega- 
tion, Pa., Oct. 17, 1899, Bro. Henry Felger, 
aged 82 years. Bro. Felger was a consistent 
member of the Brethren church over sixty 
years. His son, daughter and wife preceded 
him. Oct. 19 his remains were interred in the 
old home graveyard. The occasion was im- 
proved by D. D. Horner, assisted by the writ- 
er. Jeremiah Foust. 

HARTZ. — In the Lower Cumberland 
church, near Churchtown, Pa., Dec. 5, 1899, 
Sister Esther Hartz, aged 66 years, n months 
and 15 days. She was a consistent member of 
the church. Services by Bro. R. Shroyer, of 
Ohio, assisted by Eld. D. Landis and the writ- 
er from Philpp. 1: 21. Henry Beelman. 

HOFFERT.— In the Rush Creek church, 
Ohio, Dec. 7, 1899, Sister Catharine Hoffert, 
nee Seitz, aged 69 years, 2 months and 17 days. 
She was married to Philemon Hoffert in 1850, 
who preceded her four and one-half years. 
She was a memher of the German Baptist 
Brethren church for nearly half a century. 
Services by Bro. E. B. Bagwell. 

Lizzie Bagwell. 

JOHN.— At Nezperce, N. Dak., Nov. 25, 
1809, Vollie John, son and only child of friend 
David and Alice John, aged 1 year, 3 months 
and 19 days. Services by Eld. Stephen John- 
son, from Matt. 19: 13, 14, Interment in Nez- 
perce cemetery. J. F. Edmister. 

KAUFFMAN.— In the Sterling church, 111., 
Dec. 11, 1899, friend Tobias Kauffman, aged 81 
years, 10 months and 29 days. Services im- 
proved by the undersigned in the Brethren's 
meetinghouse. P. R. Keltner. 

KIRACOFFE.— In the Sangerviile congre- 
gation, Va., Dec. 12, 1899, Sister Anna Kira- 
coffe, daughter of Bro. Michael and Sister 
Catherine Wine, aged 70 years, 2 months and 
4 days. Services by A. S. Thomas from 2 Cor. 
5: i- Jennie Cool. 

MILLER.— In the Back Creek church, Pa., 
Sept. 12, 1899, of paralysis of the brain, Lucy 
Emmert Miller, aged ig years. She was sick 
but twelve hours. Services by Eld. W. S. 
Reichard and the writer. John Lehner. 

MISHLER— At Nappanee, Ind., Dec. 21, 
1899, Noah Mishler, aged 42 years, 9 months 
and 17 days. He was married to Lydia A 
Newcomer, Sept. 24, 1882. She died Feb. 5, 
1888. To them was born one son, who 
vives him. He was married to Eliza A. Sheets, 
Oct. 19, 1890. To them was born a girl who, 
with her mother, remains to mourn their lojs, 
Services by the writer, assisted by A. Miller. 
Joseph Hartsough. 

NEHER.— In the South Beatrice church 
N.ebr„ Sister Laura D. Neher, aged 24 years, i 
month and 17 days. Services by Eld. Uriah 
Shick. Lydia Dell, 

OGDEN. — In Batavia, Iowa, within the 
bounds of the Libertyville church, Dec. 20, 
1899, Virgie Ann Ogden, nee Laughlin, daugh- 
ter of Bro. S. C. and Sister Sirvilda C. Laugh- 
lin, aged 23 years, 3 months and 21 days. De- 
ceased was united in marriage Oct. 6, 1897. 
She and her husband had intended to unite 
with the Brethren church. Services by Mr. C 
Springer, of the M. E. church, and the writer. 
Abraham Wolf. 

PLUM.— In the Back Creek church, Pa. 
Dec. 9, 1899, of lingering rheumatic trouble, 
Adam Plum, aged 72 years, 10 months and 4 
days. He was a sufferer for a number of 
years. He leaves one daughter. Services by 
Bro. David Foust and the writer. 

John Lehner 

PULLEN— In the Bethel church. Mound 
City, Mo., Dec. 19, l8gg, Bro. Thomas Albert 
Pullen, aged about 54 years. He was born 
and raised in Harlan County, Va. Eleven 
months' illness was born patiently. He leaves 
a sorrowing companion awaiting a like call to 
rest. Services from Psa. 39: 4, 5, by the home 
ministry. L. H. Eby. 

RUTTER.— In the Rush Creek church, 
Ohio, Dec. 12, 1899, Mary Stoneburner Rutter, 
aged 82 years, 8 months and 22 days. She was 
married to Isaac Rutter, Oct. 27, 1839. To 
this union nine children were born. The hus- 
band and five children preceded her. She 
leaves one brother, two sons and two daugh- 
ters. Soon after their marriage she and hei 
husband became members of the Brethren 
church, in which faith she died. Services by 
Bro. E. B. Bagwell. Lizzie Bagwell. 

SMEED. — In the Glenhope church, Pa. 
Dec. 16, 1899, Bro. J. J. Smeed, aged 68 years, 
4 months and 5 days. He united with the 
church some time in September, and passed 
away in peace. A. R. Kitchen. 

SMITH.— In the Bethel church, at his home, 
in Milford, Ind., Dec. 15, 1899, of consumption, 
Bro. Levi Smith, son of Brother and Sister 
Isaac Smith, aged 27 years, 7 months and 5 
days. He leaves a wife, four children, father, 
mother, five brothers and two sisters, One sis- 
ter preceded him to his long home. Services 
at Grace church in Milford. Interment in the 
Chapel cemetery. Services by W. R. Deeter. 
Chauncey I. Weybright. 

SNIVELY.— In the bounds of the Tuscara- 
was church, Stark County, Ohio, Dec. 6, 1899, 
Bro. Joseph Snively, aged 71 years, 10 months 
and 21 days. He was married to Anna Ger- 
ber March 1, 1851, to which union were born 
six children, tour of whom are yet living. 
Anna died March 22, 1879. He was married to 
Priscilla Snyder, Dec. 12, 1880. Priscilla died 
July 12, 1897. Bro. Snively united with tbe 
church in 1868, and in 1870 was chosen to the 
deacon's office. He was a faithful and devot- 
ed member of the church until death, which 
was unexpected, he being sick but a few days. 
Services by Eld. Noah Longanecker from 
Rev, 2: 10, assisted by Eld. S. Sprankel and 
I others. A. W. Yutzey. 

SUM MY.— In the Jacob's Creek church, 

Westmoreland Co., Pa., Dec.'ii, 1899, Sister 

Sarah Summy, aged 37 years, 1 1 months and 8 

days. Services by the writer from John 17: 4. 

A. D. Christner. 

SUMMY.— In the Jacob's Creek church, 
Westmoreland Co., Pa., Sept. 26, 1899, Sister 
Catharine Summy, aged 49 years, 1 month and 
9 days. Services by the writer in the Mt. Joy 
churchhouse. A, D. Christner. 

Church Directory. 

Limited to three lines Icr cities ol 30.000 or over. 

YORK, PA.-Cor. Belvidere Ave, and King St. Serv- 
ices. Sunday, 10 A. M..7P. M.; S. S„q A. M.; Song Serv- 
ice. 6 P. M.; Prayer Meeting, Wednesday, 7:30 P. M. 

MUNCIE, IND.-Cor. Jackson and Council St. Serv- 
ices, 10: 30 A. M.. 7-3P P. M.; S. S„ q- 30 A. M.; Bible 
Reading, Wednesday. 7; 30 P. M. 

LOS ANGELES. CAL.— Channiug Street, between oth 
and 14th Sts. Preaching, 7: io P, M.; S. S., 3 P. M.j Bible 
Reading. Thursday, 7: 30 P. M. 

CHICAGO. ILL.— 183 Hastings St. Services, 11 A. 

t„ 7:3oP-M.;S.S.. 10 A. M. 

BALTIMORE. MD.-South Baltimore Mission, 1108 
Towson St., Locust Point. Services each night Pree 
Reading Room. Scandinavian meetings, Friday, 8 P. M. 

DECATUR, ILL.-Gephart Hall, 1101, 1105 N Water 

:. S.S., 10 A. M.; preaching, 11 A. M., "7: 30 P.M. 

CEDAR RAPIDS. IOWA.-Cor.4lh Ave, and ,jth Si 
Services. 11 A. M„ 7:30 P. M. ; S. S„ 10 A. M.: Prayer 
Meeting, Wednesday evening. 

DAYTON, OHIO.-CollegeSt. & 4 th Ave. (West Side) 
S. S., 0: 30 A. M.; Prayer service, 6: 30 P. M.; Preaching 
10:4s A. M„ 7: 30 P. M 

BALTIMORE, MD. - Northwest Baltimore Mission, 
Cor. PreiBtmui 'i n(l Calhoun St. Services. Sundav 0- lo 
A. M.. 8 P. M.; Bible Class. Wednesday. 8 P. M. 

S. S. io A. M.; Preachini 
P.M. Take west-bound 

or. W. 14th Ave. and Irving St. 
. n A. M.. Prayer Meeting. 7:30 
Larimer Lahle, off at Irving, 

DES MOINES, 10WA,-i6ou E. Lion St. SS 10A 
M.; Preaching, 11 A. M., 8 P.M.; Children's Meeting. 
P. M.; Prayer Meeting, Thursday, 8 P. M. 

LANCASTER, PA.— Charlotte St. near Lemon S 5 
9 A. M.; Preaching, 10 A. M„ 7: is P. M.: Song Service, 7 
P. M.; Bible Meeting. Wednesday. 7: 30 P. M. 

HAKRISBURG, PA.-Brethren Chanel, Cor.oi Hum- 
mel St. and Haehnlen Ave. S. S., 10 A. M.; Preaching, 11 
A. M., 7: 30 P. M.i Piayer Meeting, Wednesday evening. 

WASHINGTON, D. C.-Naval Lodge Building, Cor 
4th St. and Pa. Ave.. S. E. Preaching, 11 A. M., 8 P M ■ 
S. S., 10 A. M.; Young People's Meeting, 7 P. M. 

ST. JOSEPH. MO.-Meeting every Sunday at 10; 30 A. 
M., at Old Schoolhouse on Madison St., 2'A blocks west 
of car line in Walker's Addition. 

FT. WAYNE. IND.-CorncrGaySt. andCraten <\ve 
S. S.,q: jo A. M.; PrcachiuL'. 10; 45 A, M„ 7:30?. M.; Bi- 
ble Reading, 6:30; Prayer Meeting, Wednesday, 7:30 P. M. 

READING. PA— Church St. near Greenwich. Serv- 
ices, 10:30 A. M., T- IS P- M.; S. S„ 9: 15 A. M.; Bible 
Reading, Wednesday evening; Prayer Meeting, Friday. 

BROOKLYN MISSION, N. Y .— 1393 3d Ave. 

At.TflONA PA— fW rtlh a... 
A. M.i preaching, 10: ia A. It 
M,; Prayer meeting, Wedneso- ^ , 

KANSAS CITY. KANS.-CorVr Central ,Ve. and oth 
St.,-5. 5., 10 A, M.: preaching, 11 A.M., ,7: 45 P. n P,av- 
ermeeting, Thursday, 8 P. M. " ' ray 

LOS ANGELES, CAL.-336 S. Hancock St., East Los 
Angeles. Services. 11 A. M., 7: 30 P. M.: S. S„ 10 A M 

MONTREAL, CANADA.-no Delorimier Ave near 
St. Catherine. Services. S.S.. 11 A. M.; Bible Class IP 
M.:preaching. 7 P- M.; praver meeting. Wednesday Ev'g 

YORK. PA.-East YoriMissijQ, East Market Street. 
Services each Sunday. 

'ill Jaie'st, 

tudy, 6 P. 


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Per tablet, 15 cents. 

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aa and 24 S. Statu St. Elgin, III 



Jan. 6, 1900. 


of the book "Mind Mysteries" to your 
minister or friend will be the proper 
thing. Send for it now. Don't delay. 
For yourself you will regard it, as many 
do. one of your best books. Price, S1.00 
postpaid. Neatly bound, ornamental 
cover. Address: 

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22 & 24 S. State St. Elgin, In 

Affirmative Only.... 

The Doctrine of the Brethren 

The author, Elder Robert Miller, was In his day the 
ablest defender oi the l.ith. Doctrine ol the Brethren 
Dclendcd contains the best arguments ol his mature years 
and Is Invaluable to any one wishing to know the tenets ol 
the iaith. 

The author published both affirmative and negative ar- 
guments, but the present edition has only the affirmative 

Well bound In cloth. *>S pages, good cleat print, rnce, 
7S cents. Address: 


a and 24 S. State St. 

Elgin. III. 

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Alone with God... 

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vate devotions, family 

BfW.. 2'JirsMo .■>*"> ertpr- 7 >' tvro- 
t j_Ji_m1v.11C.11 v-nuTOni 1. 1 


A History of the Brethren.' 


A body of about 100,000 believers professing the faith and practice which the Brethren do 
commands more than ordinary attention and interest, even by many not members of the 
church. Are you not as a member interested in the rise and progress of the church? Do 
you not wish to speak intelligently of the history of the fraternity to which you belong? 

History of the Brethren 

Gives you this information. Several Thousand Dollars were spent in securing translations 
rare copies of books, etc., that the author might give to the church and the world the infor- 
mation contained in this work. 

The authorship is most able, the language simple and forcible, and the history is as com- 
plete as historical matter would make it. 

To all this is added 77 photogravures of scenes of great interest and manuscripts whose 
value cannot be estimated,— themselves worth the price of the book. 

History of the Brethren 

Is sold on the subscription plan, and although the first copies were not in the hands of the 
agents until last June, 

3,000 Copies 

Have been sold and agents are having excellent success taking orders. The book sells on Its 
merit and really needs no testimonials, but here is one of the latest ones received: 

ery esential in every home of the Brotherhood. It portrays 
ithor. is authentic and practical, and its historic facts and 
iful to the earnest student. Sunday school teacher, superin- 
tendent, and all interested in Refoirr is jist what is needed The iao.s --. short concize 
varied, intensely interesting and beneficial. Have had good sale for it and. although a" .n. 
valid have sold seven in one day. Brethren, wake up I We need to know n 

"History of tlie Brethren" 

the intelligence and zeal of its 
pathetic truth so essentially lielpl 
tendeot, and all interested in " Rt 



lating to 

rics yi meetings m eric j_ 

sions. 244 pages; cloth, 75 
cents; morocco, $1.25. 

One ol the most useful, 
most needed, and best 
adapted books of the year, 
and therefore it is not 
strange that it is proving 
one of the most popular. 
In work ol this kind its 
distinguished, gifted, pi- 
ous and beloved author is 
at his best. This book 
will be helpful to every 
minister, church official and Sunday-school superintend- 
ent, as well as every private member of the church. 


Elgin. Ill, 

ai and 34 S. State St. 

the struggles our forefathers endured to establish the 1 

Good territory and large sales awaiting the right kind of agents, Apply quickly, naming 
your choice of territory by townships. 


• 1 ijMfeKs^t^S™a;«ffias^p5ss»w i »BB'U!uw«is«j •«»' -' "•TSiiHsf'tofc 

! and 24 S. state St., 


A Trip Around 
...the World for 

Elder Enoch Eby, of Kansas, has 
traveled abroad and knows something 
of the inconveniences and expense of 
such trips. He seems to consider sit- 
ting in his own home and taking the 
proposed trip of 


a luxury when it can be done so pleas- 
antly, easily, and for only S2.00. This 
is what he writes: 

To the exceptional few who simply want the 
name of having been around the world, regard- 
less of knowledge, the above notice will not ap- 
ply, but to those who desire a knowledge of the 
geography, climate, government, products, cus- 
toms, habits, and religious status of other coun- 
tries, in Europe, Africa, Asia Minor, Palestine, 
India, Japan, China, etc., we cite them to the 
best work we ever read on that line, entitled, 
"Girdling the Globe," by D. L. Miller. Send 
S2.ootothe Brethren Publishing House, Elgin, 
111. Ninety per cent of the reading public will 
get more useful knowledge by a careful reading 
of that book than to spend $1,000 or Si, 500 in 
traveling. The author possessing rare descrip- 
tive abilities, spared no time, pains, or expense 
to find out. Read and judge.— Enoch Eby, 
Booth, Kansas. 

Good territory and terms to agents 
upon application. Address, 

Brethren Publishing House, 
22 and 24 S. State St. Elgin, III. 


The Christian's 

Secret of a Happy Life., 


Great Eedemption 

A Late and Interesting Treatise on the Various 
Doctrines of the New Testament. 

Teeter's Commentary 

,„OH THB... 

New Testament. 

'th Thousand... 

...On the Market. 


The Brethren's New Song Book for Sunday Schools, 

Prayer Meetings. Social Meetings, and 

General Song Services. 


It Is rich in melodies, expressive In words, and deeply 
devotional in sentiment. One critic says oi the book: 

"One thing I am glad for, that the popular rapid gal 
loping music gives _place to that which is mr 

andJasting."— W. £. Stover, India. 

While the main part ol the 
book is composed ol new mu- 
sic, much of which was prepar- 
ed especially for this book, the 
1 MOrfftfttitu bac ^ par t contains about $c 

well selected " good old tunes" 
that never wear out, so that the 
*\ZZSZT — D00 i: j s bound to please all 

classes— those who want good 
new music and words and those 
who desire songs " dear to the 

The book contains about 208 
pages, is bound in boards and 
"~ sold at the following 

.Prepaid, single copy. 30 cents; four or more copies, 25 
cents each. In lots ol 100 copies (not less) not prepaid. 
via freight unless otherwise ordered, ao cents per copy. 

To Choristbps and TEACHERS.-Upou receipt ol 3c 
cents and a statement ol what position you hold, we will 
•end you a copy of the book and a coupon good for 3° 
cents on the first duzen books you order. 



By Quincy Leckrone, 


PART I.-Prerequisities of Christian Fellowship 
Chapter i— Faith, 10 pp. 
Chapter a.— Repentance. 6 pp. 
Chapter 3 —Baptism, so PP- 
PART U.— Christian Fellowship. 

Chapter 1.— Washing Saint's Feet, 17 PP- 
Chapter a.-The Lord's Supper, 16 pp. 
Chapter 3 -The Communion, ao pp. 
Chapter 4— The Week of Passion, 17 pp. 

idual Christian Duties. 
Chapter i.-The Holy Kiss of Charity, 7PP- 
Chapter a— Anointing Sick with Oil, 4 PP- 
Chapter 3-Every Good Work, 33 PP- 
Chapter 4.— Keeping Unspotted Irom the 
World, 5° PP- 
PART IV.— Christ hath Redeemed Us, 12 pp. 
What Some Have Said about it: 
" The artnimcntsare forcible, well clothed and ol a high 
orde?m & "i'ld ol debate The book « ™«f ab ^ 
cannot fail to do_ --h^good. Jn ^Xltiu^-A. 






i Price Reduced 


Bv Hannah Whitall Smith. The Standard edi- 
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" s ili~lTuiTimVuu'rn , is"woi : S: fi'oam- J 
eem almost superfluous; and 
et to young Christians who 
nay not know it, we cannot re- 
Iraln from saying. Buy this 
book, and keep it with your Bi- 
ble for constant study, until you 
have thoroughly mastered, in 
your own experience, the "se- 
cret" of which it tells. It will 
transform the dark days of your 
lile, as it has transformed those 
of thousands belore you, into 
days oi heavenly light. — The 

22 and a4 S, State St. 

Elgin, III. 


i and 24 S. StateSt. 


compass than any book put 
H. Puterbaugh, Elkhart, Ind. 

The book contains in all 286 pages, printed in long 
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The book will be heiplul to every Bible student, every 

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and a4S. State St, 

The Bible Outline. 

By E. S. ¥OUNG. 

The book is written in four parts: 
1. The books of the Bible. 
II. The Old Testament History. 

III. The New Testament History. 

IV. The Institutions of the Bible. 

eight pages and 

is divided into 

..... ;ant events and 

in their order in these pei 

It contains twenty-two chapters, 
„ number ol illustrations. The _ 
TV,,]..,- periods. All the Scripture, impvii.-ii.t 

... F . ^„.ninll„.irr,n,'i III II 

tllief cliai 

s arc niv. 

icrest ol Bible study. It 

Elgin, 111. 

StSd as aS-h'oXn&ornTmole meeting.; Bible 
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Cloth binding, single copy. 40 cents. prepaid; one dozcu 
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Second edition. 

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How Related? 

Eld 5. N. McCanu's book. " The Lord Our Righteous- 
oess." Jives an able exposition on this .object. ia8 pag 
es. cloth, price. 50 cents. Jnst the hook you should read 
Highly recommended. 

u and a, S. State St. 

Reduced in Size and Price, 


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I the Am 

ilue contained 


22 and 24 S. StateSt, 

Many People- 
Know of Abraham H. Cassel, the 
noted collector of ancient and valuable 
books and manuscripts. His judgment 


ranks above everyone else's when in- 
formation in the book is considered. 
Here is what he says: 

Dear Brother Brumbaugh:— 

I received the copy of your " History of the 
Brethren," which you so kindly sent me, and 
am glad to say I am greatly pleased with it. 
I perused it carefully and find it as nearly 
correct as could possibly be expected. In short 
it meets my hearty approval, above my most 
sanguine expectations, and I consider it worthy 
a high place in every home in the Brotherhood, 
as it is the only true and reliable history ever 
written concerning the Brethren. I can truth- 
fully say I am glad that such a work has come 
tovthe church while 1 am yet living. 1 am 
grateful that my eyes have seen the result of 
a life-long collection of the materials from 
which, among other sources, .it is compiled — 
Abraham H. Cassel. 

Agents are making the sale of the 
book a success. Write for territory at 
once. Address, 

Brethren Publishing House, 
I 22 and 24 S. State St. Elgin, 111. 

, s <,««-.-> set 

The liospel Messenger, 


Vol. 38. 

Elgin, III., Jan. 13, 1900. 

No. 2. 



Hems 17. 24 

The Countess and the Brethren 24 

Growth and Development 25 

The Messenger Poor Fund 25 

Are We Consistent? =S 


The Old Man's Story 1 8 

The Tone ol Voice 23 


A Debate on Trine Immersion, Feetwashing, Lord's Supper, and 

Posture in Baptism.— Part 1. By B. E. Keslc-r, -* 18 

Popular Religion.— Part 2. By Alex. W, Reese 19 

Moses and Christ, By J. S. Moiiler 20 

Is It True? By A. Hutchison 20 

In the Name of the Father, and of the Son. and of the Holy Ghost. 

By C. H. Balsbaugh 20 

"What Have the Missions Done?" By Marguerite Bixler 21 

The Preacher Question. By 5. Z. Sharp 21 

A New Flavor, 21 

Grace. By Jas. A. Sell 26 

Resurrection of the Dead. By W. R. Deeter 26 

Moody and Secret Societies 20 


Sermon Outline— The First Circuit Judge 22 

The Minister and His Work-No. 2 22 


Lesson Light-Fla3hes - 22 


The Tone of **oice. By Nancy D. Underhill 23 

The Conversational Tone 23 

What John and Mary Did. By C. D. Hylton 23 

The Sisters' Aid Society at Hudson, III, By Rebecca L. Snavely, . . 23 
Money and Salvation 23 


Encouraging Words 27 

The Mission Report 27 

Sprigs of Enthusiasm and Consecration 27 

Brooklyn Mission. By J. UdsonUlery a? 

Items 27 

From the Field, 27 

Financial Reports 32 

/ U 'r, May W -j Be Es'»b'.^h c .ir-;> Pet. 1: 1a, v . . 7 


It is said that Eva Roach, of Montreal, Canada, 
is sound asleep again. She achieved a great deal of 
unwelcome notoriety by falling asleep Christmas 
eve a year ago. Although skilled doctors tried in 
many ways to arouse her from her trance, she re- 
mained unconscious for thirty-eight days. She fell 
asleep this time Christmas eve and has not yet 
been aroused. Now, as a year ago, a needle can be 
plunged into the girl's body without arousing her. 
If her head is touched, however, she resents that 
action at once. She throws back her head, moves 
her body, and her hands clinch and twist violently. 
A physical sleep of this kind is bad enough, but 
there is a sleep even in this life that is far worse, 
and that is a spiritual sleep. All over this country 
may be found people who are so soundly asleep 
spiritually that it seems simply impossible to 
arouse them. The)' sleep not only thirty-eight 
days, but for years. By and by they will wake up 
in eternity, and then for the first time realize that 
they have made life a failure. 

It. seems that England's success, as a power, is ex- 
citing the envy of other nations. For a number of 
years she has been the mistress of the seas. Her 
ships are found in all the ports on the globe, and 
her merchants deal more or less with the people of 
every land. She has at her command the largest 
and most powerful navy the world has ever seen. 
In case of war there is no single power whose ports 
she could not blockade, and then sweep their com- 
merce from the seas. Russia, Germany and France 
realize their danger. Though they have large land 
forces they have no way of getting at England in 
the event of a conflict. This is on account of their 
inferior navies. All of these powers are now in- 
creasing their navies. France has decided to 
spend at least one hundred million dollars on her 
warships. Germany will probably do the same, 

while Russia is spending all the money in war prep- 
arations that she can command. Whether these 
preparations will ever lead to a conflict between the 
leading powers the Lord only knows. The people 
are being heavily taxed to meet the enormous ex- 
penses. Men who ought to be engaged in the use- 
ful pursuits of life are pressed into the army, the na- 
tions are taught the principles of war instead of the 
principles of peace, and the claims of Christianity 
are disregarded. The principles of peace ought to 
keep pace with the advance of civilization, but such 
is not the case. There are too many papers pub- 
lished in the interest of war, and far too manymin- 
isters who desecrate their pulpits by preaching that 
war is right and in keeping with the teachings of 
the New Testament. It is a pity that these condi- 
tions exist. Were all the pulpits in the land filled 
by men who would preach the doctrines of peace, 
set forth in the Gospel, the tide might be turned, 
and then, instead of the nations trying to excel each 
other in military preparations, they might be led to 
provoking one another in love and good works. 
What a glorious world this might be made if only 
the right principles could be universally taught, and 
then lived out! 

At a meeting of the librarians in Indiana, one 
speaker suggested that people be allowed to take 
out two books at a time provided only one of them 
be a work of fiction. The suggestion was approved 
by the meeting. The reports of the association 
show that about eight times- as many books of fie- 
tion a offllJ nthfy ki'idf are read by those vho pat- 
ronize the libraries. "~It has further bc-c-n aliown'tiiai 
a novel may be read at the rate of 30,000 words an 
hour, while a history, or any other work requiring 
special thought, is not read faster than from three 
thousand to five thousand words per hour. Those 
who read novels pass over the pages six or seven 
times as fast as those who engage in solid reading. 
This shows an alarming condition with the reading 
public. The demand for fiction is not only great, 
but those who spend their time principally with 
that class of literature get so in the habit of skim- 
ming over the printed pages that they get very 
little good from anything they read. The tendency, 
in the long run, is anything else but the building up 
of a nation of good thinkers. In some way public 
efforts should be made to train the minds of the 
people along better lines. People who feast contin- 
ually on fiction are not in a proper condition to 
meet the realities of life as they should be met. 

It is said that God made the country, but man 
made the cities. God also planted and reared the 
great forests, as well as he made the animals, but 
man is prone to destroy them and sometimes wan- 
tonly. This particularly applies to the millions of 
buffaloes that once roamed over the western prairie. 
Their destruction is regarded by a writer in the Sci- 
entific American as the crime of the century. This 
writer shows that the bison has been seen in nearly 
every part of the United States, and that less than 
three hundred years ago they probably grazed on the 
present site of the National Capital. But they seem 
to have been the most numerous on the far western 
prairies. In 1871-72 herds numbering as many as a 
half million were seen and the sound of their running 
could be heard the distance of five miles. Like im- 
mense black clouds, vast herds could be seen mov- 
ing over the prairie. Travelers have occupied lofty 
eminences, and gazed upon moving masses of these 
animals, extending in every direction as far as the 
eye could see. In a stampede they all moved at 
once, and their force was simply irresistible. Un- 

fortunate indeed was the teamster who chanced to 
be in their course. So vast were some of the herds 
that in a stampede they have been known to force 
cars from the track, upset them and rush over the 
train. The time was when probably not less than 
60,000,000 buffaloes roamed over this fair land. 
In 1871 there were probably six million, and in 
1882 not one-half that number. There were living 
at the last government census, made eight years 
ago, 256 pure-blooded buffaloes, the last of the un- 
told millions of this wonderful American animal. 
Its destruction has been amazing. History no- 
where else records such waste and cruelty. Enough 
of these noble animals were wantonly destroyed to 
have fed the hungry and starving of earth for centu- 
ries. How ungrateful man has been! 

The Independent for January 4 contains interesting 
and well-prepared reports concerning nearly all the 
churches in the United States. The leading events 
of the churches for 1899 are given, along with the 
present number of communicants, ministers, houses 
of worship and the increase in membership. While 
the population of the nation is estimated at 70,000- 
000 it is here shown that nearly 28,000,000 belong to 
some church. It will thus be seen that considerable 
more than one-third of the people are church mem- 
bers. A little over eight million of them are Catho- 
lics. The Baptists claim over four million and the 
Methodists nearly six million. A few other denom- 
inations exceed a million each, but the three great 
bodies named are the largest. It will Jnf - ||5 ' f ';:d 
h Rfl.ntrSt») "•'-' Wetiiodifiba eaarS';^ M ' luiuum- 
ber the Catholics, and that the latter Cu? : -is p. fo-» only 
about eleven percent of the people of the ■ ntry, 
and a little less than twenty-seven per cent of those en- 
rolled as members of the churches. The reports show 
that Baptists are separated into thirteen bodies, the 
Methodists seventeen and the Lutherans twenty. 
Of the Presbyterians there are twelve bodies, while 
the Catholics proper are in three bodies. Forty- 
nine churches are represented in the reports, with 
152,701 ministers, 187,803 places of worship and 
27,710,004 members. 

Viewed from the navigators' standpoint the 
world is growing smaller, for it does not take so 
long to pass from one point on the globe to another 
as it did even a few years ago. Three hundred 
years ago it took two years to make a circuit of the 
globe. Later the time was reduced to one year, 
but now a man if he plans wisely, can walk out at 
his east door, go around the world, and enter at the 
west door, if he has one, inside of fifty-two days, or 
a little less than two months. In the course of time 
this will be reduced to about thirty-two days, so 
that the clerk, with a month's vacation, and £1,500 
in his pocket, can make a circuit of the globe, and 
one day after his vacation expires be behind the 
counter, telling his friend what wonders he saw dur- 
ing his long and pleasant voyage. But this is not 
all. Nearly all parts of the earth are now con- 
nected by cable facilities, so that people, eight and 
ten thousand miles apart can converse with each 
other with all necessary ease. It is said that the 
president of the United States will sometimes send 
a dispatch to the Philippine Islands and get a reply 
in twelve minutes. It is simply wonderful how 
close the different parts of the world are getting 
together! This is good, but how much better it 
would be if all the kingdoms of earth would labor to 
get a little closer to the other world, get closer to 
God, and get into closer communication with the 
King of kings and Lord of lords! 




Jan. 13, 1900. 

-►■• ESSAYS •■+-t— 

"Study to show thyself approved unlo God, a workman .hat needeth not be 
ashamed, rightly dividing the Word ol Truth." 


('■ The Result of Treating.") 
'TWAS Saturday night and the gay saloon just sparkled with 

rosy light; 
Its free-lunch table was set with care; the stove looked cheery 

and bright, 
Its plate glass mirrors resplendently shone; the bottles were 

placed with art — 
The one black spot in that brilliant scene was the sleek pro- 
prietor's heart, 
" Ha, ha! " he laughed, as he eyed the trap he had laid for his 

"Whoever walks into my spider net will never be free 

again — 
And why should I work," he exclaimed with glee, "when all 

of the slaves I own 
Are bringing their hard-earned money to me and toiling for 
me alone." 

At the polished bar where the devil leered unseen by the 
drinking crowd 

An old man stood; he had once been rich and good and'great 
and proud; 

But now, enslaved by the demon of drink, he was a most piti- 
ful sight 

In seedy clothes, with bloodshot eyes and features haggard 
and white. 

" Give me," he gasped, while the noisy throng around him 

laughed and swore, 
"Give me some rum, and O, be quick." With a tremulous 

hand he bore 
The death-filled glass to his eager lips. " Give me more rum," 

he cried, 
" Here's money! I can't quench the thirst that's burnmg me 


And while he drank a fair young man— some mother's boy 

Called out, *' It's my turn to treat! Come, boys! Join in, I say." 
"Alas, young man!" the drunkard spoke, " I started out like 

you — 
For fear of seeming mean I used to treat the fellows, too. 

" And they felt bound to treat in turn, so in our thoughtless 

We forced ourselves to drink the stuff we otherwise would 

,_^„ of meet-* . 

^3^_S6"li *W£, °*- Young man! avoid my 

w rf«» — - ■*-- P *M --- r ~ v »rlaUi.ZE.l r-_~ " 

Give up this treating habit. It will ruin you fore'er." 

The tears rolled down the drunkard's face. The big bartender 

" Don't mind him, boys," he gaily winked, "the poor old fool 

is daft — 
And now, old man! you spoil our trade. Git out! I 11 help you! 

And through the door he flung him with a brutal parting kick. 

The old man fell upon the walk and feebly tried to rise. 
"My God," he groaned, "I've spent my wealth upon that 

wretch who tries 
To kill me for the words I spoke to save a youth so fair 
As I when mother for me offered nightly up her prayer. 

Out from the gaudy, gay saloon there came the young man 

Had said it was his turn to treat— like foolish others do — 
And when he saw his fallen friend he stopped. " Old man! " 

said he, 
" I hope they haven't hurt you for your good advice to me." 

"God bless you, boy!" the drunkard cried, " I'm used to that — 

and worse, 
But I would save you if I can from what has been my curse." 
"You may," the saddened youth replied; "there! lean upon 

my arm; 
I'll see you to your home and wife and children safe from 


"My home! My wife! My children. Home! Wife! Children! 

O, how sweet 
Those dear words sound to one whose home is on the street. 
But, boy! I'll tell my story while we walk along to — No! ! 
Stop here! I cannot take you where a drunkard has to go. 

"You spoke of home, wife, children. O, young man! They 

all were mine; 
Joy, wealth, refinement, beauty made my happy home a shrine, 
And love and faith and purity and sweetness made my wife 
The angel whom I worshiped— yes, blasted, too, her life. 

" My children— one a darling girl with all her mother's grace; 
The other but a baby boy — like me, they said, in face — 
Were cherubs sent from Heaven to reform a father who 
Had every inspiration to be noble, good and true. 

"But, ah! That thirst for drink that came from treating long 

Kept growing, growing, growing, till, in spite of struggles 

In spite of wife and children, home, kind friends and all I fell 
Each day a little lower toward the drunkard's living hell. 

" My home became an attic. My poor wife, brave always, 

To win me from the tempter and her suffering to hide; 
My little girl would seek me and with loving hands essay 
To draw me gently homeward and protect me on the way. 

" The end soon came. My darling girl, brave as her mother 

Caught cold one stormy evening when for me she went in 

And— while 1 wept beside her crib and held her hand, so thin, 
She passed away to Paradise and left me sunk in sin. 

"My wife, starved and neglected and heart-broken like my 

Soon followed, Then my baby boy— the only one who smiled 
With gladness at my presence— was by strangers taken from 
Its drink besotted father who had sold his soul for rum. 
" I've never seen my baby boy since then, but if I should 
I feel that for his sake I might stop drinking and be good. 
And now you've heard my story, O, young man! Beware my 

List to your mother's prayers. Give up treating ere too late." 

The young man brushed a tear away and tenderly replied, 
" I've never known a mother. In my infancy she died, 
But in this treasured locket is her picture you may see, 

•she looks down on you and 

While now — a saint in heaven— 

The old man scanned the portrait, 

And with his face uplifted and with 

He prayed, " My wife! Forgive me in my sorrow and my joy 
I am not lost forever. I have f&und— and saved my boy." 

Then he knelt upon the 
new-born manhood 



In Two Parts Part One. 

Proposition I. — "Trine Immersion is Essential 
to Christian Baptism." 

Affirmative Argument 1. 

Based on the original command which teaches a 
triple action in baptism, Matt. 28:19, (1) By its 
grammatical construct^ Fot-cneiJ^ of " oi " 

and," and the comn/^ ', - - „v;#» " Har- 

. t , .. , X uiin the commissiQn, sL *i£I 

vey s tiignsu-oiammar," p. 194, rem. 2; " Greene's 
English Analysis," pp. 143, 221 and 223. 

Note i. — To denote emphatic distinction the con- 
junction and the comma are used. 

Note 2. — To denote individual possession the con- 
junction and the preposition are repeated, or the 
sign of possession is annexed to each term of the 
series; " Greene," p. 120. 


" The grocers,' butchers' and fruiterers' shops were 
thronged with customers," " Mary F. Hyde's Gram- 
mar," p. 43. This sentence is in the passive form. 
Its equivalent in the active form is: " The custom- 
ers thronged themselves in the shops of the grocers, 
and of the butchers, and of the fruiterers." How 
many throngings? How many actions? Recite the 
commission, giving it in the language of Matthew, 
and of Mark, and of Luke. How many actions? 
See also Mark 5: 14; 9: 22; John 19: 20. 

As shown by the choice of expression by the 
Master himself, anyone of these forms might have 
been used with the same meaning. 

Note. — To denote common possession the con- 
junction is used between the last two terms only, and 
the sign of possession is annexed to the last term 
only; "Greene's," p. 120, 

Points in the Argument. — (1) We show that the 
original command teaches a triple action in bap- 
tism: (a) By analogous constructions and (6) choice 
of expression by the Master himself. 

Syllogism. — A mode of baptism whose origin can 
be traced to the command of Christ is Christian bap- 
tism, Trine immersion can be traced to the com- 
mand of Christ, therefore trine immersion is Chris- 
tian baptism. 

Affirmative Argument 2. 

The Bible teaches that Christians are in the Fa- 
ther, and in the Son, and in the Holy Ghost, and 
that we get into them by baptism, 1 John 2:24; 
1 Thess. 1: 1; Gal. 5: 25; Rom. 8: 9. " Baptized into 
Christ," Gal. 3: 27; Rom. 6: 3. " Miller and Sommer 

Debate," pp. 144 to 147 and 159, 160. Christians are 
in the Father in the sense in which they are distinct, 
individual beings. Baptism places us into them in 
that sense— the sense of three individual beings. 
All commands are given to them in that sense. 

Points in the Argument.— We show (1) Christians 
are in the Father, etc; (2) they get into them by 

Syllogism.— The Bible teaches that baptized per- 
sons are in the Father, and in the Son, and in the 
Holy Ghost. The Bible gives no other way of get- 
ting into them. Therefore we get into them by bap- 

Note. — The commission should read " into" (in- 
stead of " in "), as in Gal. 3: 27; Rom. 6: 3. We bap- 
tize by the authority of Christ into the Father, etc. 
Affirmative Argument 3. 

The combined learning and wisdom of the Chris- 
tian world admits trine immersion to be valid bap- 

Thought 1.— The learning and ecclesiastical re- 
search of the Christian world have brought to light 
overwhelming testimony in its favor, 

Thought 2. — So convincing has this testimony 
been that their wisdom and judgment approves and 
sanctions it. 

Thought 3.— The result of this testimony is that 
the Christian world almost universally throws wide 
open her doors to admit trine immersion, and will 
actually administer it if it is demanded of them. 

Thought 4.— All points upon which the Christian 
world unites are essential points, — faith and repent- 
ance, etc. 

Syllogism /,— The points upon which the Christian 
world unites are essential points. The Christian 
world unites upon trine immersion. Therefore trine 
immersion is essential to Christian baptism. 

Syllogism 2.— Trine immersion is essential. Christ 
was baptized one way. Therefore he was baptized 
by the essential way — trine immersion. 

Affirmative Argument 4. 

Trine immersion has existed among God's peop'le 
ever\. s iP.£S- '-he- days of Christ and the apostles as 
Christian baptism. Here extracts were read from 
Vossius, Robinson, Wesley, Luther and Pengilly, 
" Doctrine of the Brethren Defended " (old ed.) pp. 
I 73.4i 5. and from "Chambers' Encyclopedia," Dr. 
Wall and Bishop Beveridge, same book as above, p. 
176, also from Augustine, Chrysostom, Ambrose, 
Basil, Cyril, Monulus, Tertullian, Clement and Justin 
Martyr, Moore's " Trine Immersion Traced to the 
Apostles," pp. 21-30, and from " Dionysius Miller," 
p. 184, " Mason," p. 140, "Catalogue of Baptism," 
American Baptist Publishing Society, pp. 22-53. 

Point iii the Argument. — Repeat the argument. So 
much cannot be said of any other mode of baptism. 

Affirmative Argument 5. 

Single immersion was not known before the fourth 
century. This being the case, it cannot be Christian 
baptism. Here extracts were read from Theodoret, 
Sozomen, Bingham, Chambers' Encyclopedia, " Mil- 
ler," pp. 187, 8, 9. Eunomius invented single immer- 
sion A. D. 360. The Catholics legalized it A. D. 
633 at the fourth Council of Toledo. 

Syllogism. — A mode of baptism whose origin can- 
not be traced beyond the fourth century is not Chris- 
tian baptism. Single immersion cannot be traced 
beyond the fourth century. Therefore single im- 
mersion is not Christian baptism. 

Affirmative Argume?it 6. 

The Greek fathers understood the commission to 
teach trine immersion. The Greeks were able to un- 
derstand their own language, the Greek, in which 
the Bible was first written. Clark's " Observations," 
Campbell on " Baptism," Prof. Stuart and Biblical 
Repository, " Miller," pp, 152, 3, "Mason," p. 140. 
Testimony of Greek Fathers, Monulus, Chrysostom, 
Tertullian, " Miller," pp. 155, 6. 

Points in the Argume?it. — (1) Repeat the argument. 

(2) They attributed it directly to the commission. 

( 3 ) When single immersion was first used it was not 
administered into the name of the Father, etc., but 
into the name of Christ. (4) Eunomius changed the 

Jan. 13. I9°°- 



mode, then changed the command of Christ to suit 
the changed mode, (5) Our opponent accepts these 

Syllogism. — A mode of baptism which can be 
traced to human origin is not Christian baptism. 
Single immersion can be traced to human origin. 
Therefore single immersion is not Christian baptism. 

Affirmative Argument 7. 

Trine immersion is the only mode of baptism that 
will harmonize with the Bible figures referring to it, 
and illustrating it. Noah, Gen. 6:16; 7:1; 8:6. 
Ark had three rooms. Three acts to enter them. 
Israelites at Red Sea, Ex. 14:15-22. Baptized in 
the cloud and in the sea, 1 Cor. 10: I, 2. Birth, 
Prov. 3:8. New birth compared to blowing of the 
wind, which act is repeated hourly, etc. Baptism of 
suffering, Matt. 26:38; Mark 14:32-41. In like 
manner, his death, burial and resurrection consisted 
of a repetition of action. Just so in washing. 

Point in the Argument. — Repeat the argument. 
Hence trine immersion is Christian baptism. 

Proposition II. — "The Bread and Cup, Com- 
manded by Jesus Christ to be Taken by all the 
Saints in Remembrance of Him, is the" Lord's Sup- 
per, and as Such is Commanded tb be Taken on the 
First Day of the Week only."* 

Negative Argument 1. 

Founded on the example of Christ, Matt. 26: 26, 
27; Mark 14: 22-25; Luke 22: 19, 20. The point at 
issue: Which is called " supper," the bread and cup, 
or the meal eaten before they were taken? A plain- 
er case against my opponent cannot be made than 
this is, nor a stronger one in our favor. 1 Cor. 11: 
25 gives the same idea, By Christ's example it is 
shown to be instituted in the night, Matt. 26:31; 
Mark 14: 27; John 13:30; 1 Cor. 11:23. Four in- 
spired men attest this. 

Again, by Christ's example it was not instituted 
on the first day of the week. This of itself is 
enough to show my opponent is wrong; hence his 
proposition fails. We may as well change any oth- 
etf , okdinance. Here a selection was read from Dr. 
Seiss, " Doctrine of the .Brethren Defended," (old 
ed.), " Miller," pp. 268-270. Our position is strength- 
ened by Paul at Corinth, 1 Cor. 11:20,21. Here 
we learn: (1) Christ's example of eating a meal was 
still kept up. (2) It was kept in the night. (3) 
Not on the first day of the week, Acts 20:7-11, nei- 
ther in the daytime, but as Christ kept it, in the 

Negative Argument 2. 

Based on the example of both Christ and Paul. 
By these examples we learn: (1) Of two cases 
where God's people met to celebrate the ordinances 
of the Lord's house, viz., Christ and the disciples at 
Jerusalem, and Paul and the disciples at Troas. (2) 
In both cases they were together in the night for 
said purpose. (3) The bread was broken at both 
places in the night. (4) In neither case was the 
bread broken on the first day of the week. These 
four points against my opponent disposed of his 
proposition as far as the first day of the week and 
daytime are concerned. 

Negative Argument 3. 

Based on the meaning of word used to indicate 
this ordinance, — dcipnon, meaning a full meal, (r) 
Such words are used in the Bible as expressing the 
meaning intended. (2) The word used to indicate 
this ordinance means a full meal — means an even- 
ing meal, see Luke 14: 12, 16; John 12: 2 - 13: 2; 21: 
20; Luke 22:20, 1 Cor. 11: 20, 21, 25. The word 
in the original of these references shows: (a) that 
dcipnon, the word used, means a full meal, an even- 
ing meal; {b) that it was eaten before the bread and 
cup of Communion were taken; (c) that three in- 
spired men are against my opponent, for he says 
deipuon means a bit of bread and a sip of wine. 

Points in the Argument. — (1) Repeat the argument. 
(2) That it was eaten before the Communion. 

Syllogism. — Deipnon means a full meal, a supper. 
An institution which does not contain the elements 
necessary to constitute a full meal is not the Lord's 

*Position of myself and opponent were stated here. 

supper. The bread and cup taken by the Chris- 
tian church do not contain the elements necessary to 
constitute a full meal. Therefore the Christian 
church does not eat the Lord's supper at all. 

Negative Argument 4. 

Founded on 1 Cor. 1 1 : 20, 21 ; the only mention of 
Lord's supper in the Bible. Point at issue: Did 
Paul by it mean a full meal, or did he mean the 
bread and cup of Communion? This determined, 
the question as to what the Lord's Supper 
is, is settled beyond cavil. These Corinthians 
had a full meal, — a supper — and when Paul 
wrote about it he used a word that means a 
a full meal, and Luke uses the same word to denote 
the meal Christ ate with his disciples, Luke 22:20; 
I Cor. 11: 21-25. \ideipnon in verses 21, 25 means a 
a full meal (and my opponent admits that it does) 
what does it mean in verse 20? Paul, Matthew, 
Mark and Luke all speak of Christ and the disci- 
ples eating a supper together and taking the Com- 
munion. This agreement of four inspired men 
stands against the position of my opponent. With 
these facts before him, how can he believe his posi- 
tion is correct? 

Our faith and practice are wrong when out of har- 
mony with inspired teaching. The Lord instituted 
a Lord's v supper. The word used to indicate it 
means a full meal. Therefore the Lord's supper is a 
full meal. The term Lord's Supper occurs but once 
in the Bible. The word used to indicate it here 
means a full meal. Therefore the Lord's supper is 
a full meal. 

Negative Argument 5. 

Based on 1 Cor. 10: 16, — name of bread and cup. 
Paul says the bread and cup are the Communion. 
My opponent says they are the Lord's Supper. 
Two names, one given by inspiration, the other by 
my opponent. This shows the difference between 
Paul and him, and also between him and myself. 
Could a plainer case against him be made? 

Negative Argument 6. 

Based on terfn " Lord's table," 1 Cor. 10: 21; Luke 
22:29, 30. When did the Lord institute this 
table? How did he use it? What kind of table was 
it? When? In connection with Christian ordinanc- 
es. What kind? Luke 22:14, 21; Matt. 26:20. 
Large enough for all. How used? Matt. 26, Mark 
14, Luke 22, John 13 tell us. A meal eaten, Com- 
munion instituted, Lord's table, Lord's supper and 
Lord's people all in one example. No need of dis- 
pute over plain cases like this. 

Negative Argument 7. 

Founded on apostolic feasts, Jude 12; 2 Peter 1: 13. 
Here we have a feast of charity, of which wicked 
persons have no right to partake; hence it is sacred 
in its nature and for God's people only — an or- 
dinance for them. 

Points. — (1) Feast of love. (2) For God's peo- 
ple only. (3) Christ instituted and ate a meal — a 
supper. (4) Paul speaks of a meal or a supper. (5) 
Peter and Jude tell us of a feast of charity. The 
harmony of these inspired writers is enough to set- 
tle the matter of a feast or a supper being perpetuat- 
ed in the church. The same language used to en- 
force the continuance of the bread and cup in the 
church (Matt. 26:29; Mark 14:25) is used to en- 
force the continuance of the meal Christ ate with 
the disciples, Luke 22: 16. 

Here an earnest appeal was made in favor of 
keeping all the ordinances as they were delivered to 
us, looking forward to the time when they shall all 
be fulfilled, when Christ shall again gird himself and 
serve his people, Luke 12: 35— 3S; Rev. 19: 7. 
(To be Continued.) 



In Two Parts.~Part.Two. 

The more I pondered over the old brother's won- 
derful " experience," the more bewildered and dis- 
couraged I became. I prayed over it in secret. I 
had anxiety of soul and shed many tears because the 

way was dark and desolate. I wanted to be a Chris- 
tian, but I hesitated, and I shuddered at the thought 
of being a hypocrite, as I felt convinced I would be if 
I joined the church without a similar "experience." 
In mature years, and in the light of God's blessed 
Word, I was happily delivered from these false im- 
pressions. The intelligent reader can not fail, in the 
first place, to notice the hysterical phase of the old 
brother's religious "experience." Observe the 
highly exaggerated idea of his sinful state. He 
imagined himself the very chief of sinners, whereas 
by universal testimony he was known to be a young 
man of most estimable character — a youth of pure 
and stainless morals -and pure character. He had 
no bad habits. This was, therefore, a distorted view 
of his moral condition. 

Now why, in the second place, did this unhappy 
young man undergo such a terrible struggle? Why 
these long, wearisome days and nights devoid of 
peace? Why this protracted scene of deep distress? 
Simply because hezvould not yield to the strivings of 
the Spirit of God! He kept something back! He 
kept up the fight! He continued the warfare! "Be- 
hold, I stand at the door and knock," said our bless- 
ed Savior, " if any man hear my voice, and open the 
door, I will come in and sup with him and he with 
me," Rev. 3:20. How plain and easy and simple! 
Why not accept the Gospel plan instead of climbing 
up some other way? 

But how, then, shall we explain the final stage in 
the " experience " of our whilom young friend — the 
strange result — the sudden sense of the pardon of 
his sins, the unbounded joy, etc.? The explanation 
is not far to seek — it is very simple. When, at last, 
our friend came to that point that every sinner who 
finds pardon must reach — the point where he was 
willing to forsake all, take up his cross and follow 
Christ — when he gave up the struggle and, like Saul 
of Tarsus, cried out, " Lord, what wilt thou have me 
to do?" then, and not till then, he found peace! 
When he laid down the arms of his rebellion, and 
was willing to follow in the footsteps of the beloved 
Master, then, and not till then, the warfare ended. 
This man (and every other man) mi<rht just a* 
well — and better — have had that peace of mind 
— "the peace which passeth all understanding" — 
the very first day of the contest as to have passed 
through the long and bitter (self-imposed) trials 
and struggles, the tempestuous scenes, that robbed 
his soul of the boon promis.ed in the Word — peace. 
There is no Scriptural authority for such "experi- 
ences," and their promulgation does infinite harm. 

Many earnest, sincere souls are kept out of the 
kingdom by the preaching of such doctrines. They 
sit with folded hands and despairing hearts, waiting, 
waiting, waiting for these strange, thrilling, marvel- 
ous "experiences " to come to them, not remember- 
ing the divine command, " Son, go work in my vine- 
yard," Matt. 21: 28. Besides all this, the condition 
described is an unnatural one. It is an abnormal 
state of mind. Religious emotion can not be kept 
at a white heat, and there is no necessity for such a 
febrile temperature of the soul. We think the 
preaching that leads to this exalted nervous condi- 
tion is productive of great harm. It is not attended 
by permanent results. We think this is abundantly 
shown by the frequent relapses in the ranks of those 
converts whose " experiences " of this type are the 
most conspicuous and pronounced. We do not 
need, and (fortunately) can not be kept at this 
strange, weird, unnatural tension of the soul. Peace 
is all that we are promised in the Word of God, and 
peace is all that we need. " Peace I leave with you, 
my peace I give unto you," John 14:27, said our 
blessed Savior. What more could we ask — what 
more do we need? 

It is because the public mind has become so sat- 
urated with these delusive impressions as to the the- 
ory of conversion that it is drawn away from the 
simplicity of the Gospel plan of salvation. People 
are so accustomed to hearing preaching of this sort 
that they are startled when the validity of such " ex- 
periences " is called in question. The mind looks 
for something mysterious, sensational and miracu- 
lous in the conversion of the sinner, and is led to 
look with suspicion and incredulity upon a body of 


Jan. 13, 1900. 

peoplecalling themselves the disciplesof Christ, who 
reject and repudiate such " experiences " as genuine 
" evidences " of the work of the Lord. They at 
once conclude that such a church does not believe 
in " a change of heart." Such a people, it is there- 
fore asserted, have no " heart religion," and, in fact, 
but little religion of any sort. In the course of my 
special, professional work in the last six years, I 
have been brought into contact with many intelli- 
gent, well-meaning people of the various popular 
sects, who have that idea of our Brethren very firmly 
fixed in their heads. They readily concede that the 
Brethren church (or society) as a body (and with 
comparatively few exceptions individually) is a 
very worthy, honest, industrious, harmless, inoffen- 
sive set of people— but very non-progressive, quaint, 
peculiar, etc., in their manner and ways — not very 
intelligent, not very cultured or refined, and as to 
real religion — "heart religion " — formalists. 

We are, in short, held up to public ridicule be- 
cause, they declare, we hold as vital doctrines cer- 
tain antiquated and obsolete customs of the primi- 
tive Christians, long since exploded, which are not 
" essential "to the Christian sytsem, and altogether 
unsuited to the present age of " advanced thought." 
It is strange that the absurdity oi this position should 
have escaped the scrutinizing glance of the keen 
eyes of modern philosophy. Its abnormal charac- 
ter certainly is apparent. 

If the Gospel was intended for the inhabitants of 
Palestine alone, then the argument is sound, but if 
we are to go into all the world and preach this same 
Gospel to " every creature," then the position is not 
only false, but puerile. And this is the more appar- 
ent when to this commission our Savior adds " teach- 
ing them (f. e., all the world, every creature) to ob- 
serve all things whatsoever I have commanded you." 
Surely this should end all controversy. The trouble 
is that men (like Naaman of old) want to " do some 
great thing! " They are not content with the simple 
methods of the Gospel. They look for some start- 
ling thing, some wonderful excitement, something 
new and strange, forgetting that we are to let our 

"moderation he Itnouin to all men." and that to do 

honestly and conscientiously well that work where- 
in we stand is all that God requires at our hands. 

" The daily round, the common task, 
Should furnish all we ought to ask; 
Room to deny ourselves—a road 
That leads us daily nearer God." 

Seranton, Pa. 



That a similarity existed between these two great 
leaders is evident from the following testimony: 
" For Moses truly said unto the fathers, A prophet 
shall the Lord your God raise up unto you of your 
brethren, like unto me; him shall ye hear in all 
things, whatsoever he shall say unto'you." Acts 
3: 22. This Prophet is to be like unto Moses — sim- 
ilar to him. The events of their lives demonstrate 
their similarity, with this difference, Moses taught 
on the material and typical side of life; Christ on 
the spiritual side, and fulfilled the types. Moses' 
teaching embraced the shell, while Christ's con- 
tained the kernel of Christianity. 

One of the prominent points of similarity be- 
tween Moses and Christ was that both of them were 


It appears that after the death of the Pharaoh, 
under whose reign Israel came into Egypt, another 
Pharaoh arose and occupied the throne, who knew 
not Joseph or his brethren, and who cared nothing 
for their welfare, but who feared their increase and 
began to oppress them with hard labor until Israel 
sighed by reason of their bondage, and their cry 
rose to heaven, and God sent Moses to deliver them. 
No human arm alone could have rescued Israel 
from the chains of tyranny their cruel masters had 
forged upon them. To be a slave to a cruel master 
is one of the most painful conditions that can befall 


Through the subtlety of Satan the whole human 
race have been led captive and are slaves to the 
power and dominion of sin. "All as sheep going 
astray, having no shepherd." Matt. 9: 36. Soul- 
bondage is far more oppressive than physical bond- 
age. The soul often sighs and cries by reason of its 
bondage. Though a man possess all the physical 
liberty he desires, yet, so long as he is a slave to 
pride, lust, riches, appetite, etc., he is in the gall of 
bitterness and in the bonds of iniquity, — the veriest 
slave in existence. He only is a free man who has 
obtained the mastery over himself, who is able to 
keep his body under and in subjection. 

The world was so deeply enslaved that no human 
arm could deliver; but God laid help on One that 
was mighty. He sent us a Deliverer. Deliverance 
is a blessing to us only as it aids us to a better and 
a happier life. After the War of the Rebellion had 
closed, the slaves were all delivered — made free, — 
but they were in no condition to profit by their 
deliverance, for awhile, at least. Being delivered 
by Christ from the oppression of original sin, as 
well as from the bondage of our individual sins, we 
are aided mightily by the Spirit of God to profit by 
our deliverance. The Spirit of God leads away 
from all sinful associations. It takes captive every 
sinful thought and suppresses every idle word, and 
though the germs of sin still remain in the heart, 
they cannot grow. Sin no longer has dominion over 
one thus delivered from it. 

By diligence in searching the Scriptures, watch- 
ing, prayer and self-denial, we are aided mightily 
to a higher, a better and a happier life, and become 
free from sin, and become the servants of God, hav- 
ing our fruit unto holiness and everlasting life. 
Morrill, Kans. 



It is claimed that the church is more rigid in her 
ruling than the Word of God itself. *I have given 
this matter considerable attention in the last few 
years, and the verdict is that the plea is made upon 
a false premise. In our relation to each other, as 
the members of one body, the church has adopted 
only the New Testament rule. For instance, in 
case of trespass between member and member. See 
Matt. 18: 15-17. This is all the church requires. 
And as to our relation to those who are not mem- 
bers, we have Rom. 12: 17-21, and Gal. 6: 10. The 
church requires no more. In regard to our relation 
to the Lord, we have Rom. 12; 1, saying, "I beseech 
you therefore, brethren, by the mercies of God, that 
ye present your bodies a living sacrifice, holy, ac- 
ceptable unto God." 

Now the church requires nothing more. But in 
her effort to find out how the body may be an ac- 
ceptable offering, she tries to learn what would be 
pleasing to the Lord, and what would not be pleas- 
ing to him. And she finds an infallible motto in 
1 Cor. 10: 31. It says, "Whether therefore, ye eat, 
or drink, or whatsoever ye do, do all to the glory of 
God." Then we have Rom. 13: 14, giving a rule of 
action. That says, " But put ye on the Lord Jesus 
Christ, and make not provision for the flesh, to ful- 
fill the lusts thereof." Therefore the church tries 
to rule after this manner. And in order to find out 
more of what is meant by offering our bodies as ac- 
ceptable before God, she calls up such a Scripture 
as Rom. 12: 2, which says, " And be not conformed 
to this world; but be ye transformed by the renew- 
ing of your mind." 

Here a question may arise, as to what is meant by 
" not be conformed to this world." This we can 
best determine by noticing the chain of testimonies 
on that line. 1 Pet. 1:14 says, "As obedient chil- 
dren, not fashioning yourselves according to the for- 
mer lusts in your ignorance." Verse 15: "But as 
he which hath called .you is holy, so be ye holy in 
all manner of conversation." Conversation, you 
will notice, means deportment, and therefore 
takes in the whole life. And so we pass on to 1 
Pet. 3: 3, 4, which says, of Christians, "Whose 

adorning, let it not be that outward adorning of 
plaiting the hair, and of wearing of gold, or of put- 
ting on of apparel; but let it be the hidden man of 
the heart, in that which is not corruptible, even the 
ornament of a meek and quiet spirit, which is in the 
sight of God of great price." 

Here we have gold condemned, as an ornament, 
and we know it is not the Holy Ghost in us that 
calls for such; — hence we cannot use it in that way 
to the "glory of God." Sisters might braid or 
plait their hair, so as to have it under control. Bui 
they cannot plait, or braid it with cords, or orna- 
ments of gold (as women did in those days) and 
do so to the glory of God. And if sisters cannot 
use gold as an ornament, I am puzzled to know how 
brethren can hang on their watches such showy 
chains, and do so to the glory of God. Paul sets 
the man first in these things, showing that he should 
lead the way, and the woman is exhorted to follow. 
1 Tim. 2:9, 10 says, "In like manner also, that 
women adorn themselves in modest -apparel, with 
shamefacedness and sobriety; not with braided hair, 
or gold, or pearls, or costly array; but (which be- 
cometh women professing godliness) with good 

Now, does the church require anything more of her 
members? The trouble is, the church is allowing 
too much latitude on this line. The apostolic rule 
requires that Christians abstain from all things that 
cannot be used to the glory of God. 1 John 2: 15- 
17 says, " Love not the world, neither the things 
that are in the world. If any man love the world, 
the love of the Father is not in him. For all that is 
in the world, the lust of the flesh, and the lust of 
the eyes, and the pride of life, is not of the Father, 
but is of the world. And the world passeth away, 
and the lust thereof." Here the apostle is very ex- 
plicit in calling our attention to the class of things 
which Christians cannot use in harmony with the 
Holy Ghost's teaching. And in addition to all of 
these we have Jas. 4: 4, saying, " Know ye not that 
the friendship of the world is enmity with God? 
Whosoever therefore will be a friend of the world 
is the enemy of God." It must be aiipa^nt/f,- 
every one that if we fall in line with the fashions of 
this world we thereby show our friendship with the 
world, and consequently make ourselves enemies of 
God. Then we see by the Scriptures cited, that the 
church in her ruling is not more strict than the New 
Testament Scriptures. How can we ascend to the 
Christian standard with our hearts set on these 
earthly toys? 
AfcPherson, Katis. 



To a young Student; — 

It is well to be introspective, retrospective, pros- 
pective. But "looking unto Jesus " is best of all. 
In him the past is rectified, the present is blessed 
with " the peace of God," and the future illumined 
with " the hope of glory." Rom. 3; 25; .Rom, 5: 1; 
Philpp. 4: 7; Col. 1: 27. 

Your case is that of thousands. I receive many 
such letters. Such perplexities and doubts I have 
known in old ministers and bishops. Increased 
light reveals our past misconceptions and blunders, 
and deepens our sense of unworthiness. That you 
had no true idea of Christ and salvation is clear. 
This does not necessarily involve the obligation of 
rebaptism. Christ made perfect satisfaction to God 
for all sin. This we are to accept by faith, and 
stand by imputation where he stands. This is the 
position of Rom. 8: 1. Judicially our sins are all 
gone; inherently they will yet trouble us, but they 
will not reign. Rom. 6: 11, 12, 13. We are safe, not 
because we are faultless, but because the righteous- 
ness of God is ours by faith in Christ. Philpp. 3: 9. 
This is the Gospel, and the whole ol it. What is 
vicarious in Christ, becomes ours actually by the ap- 
propriating power of the Holy Ghost. Standing 
judicially must become our co?idition personally and 
experimentally. The first without the latter would be 

Jan. 13, 1900. 


no salvation at all. The latter without the former 
is an utter impossibility. The imputation of all the 
fullness of God could not save us if it be not 
wrought by the Holy Ghost unto the essence and 
expression of our entire being. There is no gap be- 
tween justification and sanctification. But the one 
is instantaneous and perfect, while the other is pro- 
gressive. We start in the divine life with complete 
judicial adjustment. But we grow holier and holier 
as long as we live. Look, believe, be saved, and 
stay saved. 

You are oppressed with the conviction that you 
were prematurely baptized, not having a proper 
conception of the significance of the ordinance. 
This may be so but it is not the real question. 
Where can a saint be found that was baptized with a 
full knowledge of all the spiritual import of the act? 
I am not that person. I have been forty-seven 
years in the church, and do not yet know all the 
depths of divine meaning in the holy ordinance of 
trine immersion. 

The true question is this: Did you believe that 
Jesus is the Son of God, the Savior of the world, that 
baptism was a divine appointment, and were your 
motives pure in the observance? I am sure you 
will answer these interrogations in the affirmative. 
This is the way that God settles the matter, and you 
may safely accept it, and put your heart in perfect 
rest. If we will not be baptized until we compre- 
hend all its solemn mysteries, we will pass out of 
life unbaptized. The supreme demand is to live as 
near as possible the life symbolized by our burial 
and resurrection. We must " reckon ourselves to 
be dead indeed unto sin, but alive unto god through 
Jesus Christ our Lord." Rom. 6: II. This will be 
ten thousand thousand times more to the glory of 
God than to be rebaptized. A life dead to sin, 
wholly consecrated to our Savior, and the good of 
humanity, is the great fact symbolized by baptism. 
You cannot improve the symbol by its repetition. 
But you can daily realize more fully its glorious 
meaning by living the very life of Jesus in all you 
thgnk and say and do. 

. okri'cti'anity is gloriously optimistic. Christ is 
our life, our hope, our goal, our Alpha and Omega. 
■' Blessed, Blessed, Blessed." These are the inspir- 
ing terms with which Christ announces his kingdom. 
Matt. 5: 3-10. This is the keynote of his religion. 
If the peace of God cannot fill us with joy and as- 
surance, salvation is impossible. The Holy Ghost 
is the unfailing antidote of melancholy. In the 
midst of the storm, make Matt. 14: 27 your motto. 
Union Deposit, Pa. 



One hundred years ago, from out the belfry of 
the ages there rang a clear, strong signal sound, and 
these are the words which echoed over the church 
of Jesus Christ: " Enlarge the place of thy tent, and 
let them stretch forth the curtain of thine habita- 
tion; spare not, lengthen thy cords, and strengthen 
thy stakes; for thou shall break forth on the right 
hand and on the left, and thy seed shall inherit the 
gentiles, and make the desolate cities to be inhabit- 
ed." Isa. 54: 2, 3. 

Although many years have passed away since the 
hand of the first missionary was on the bell-rope 
and those stirring words were flung out on the 
morning breeze, do not think, my friends, that God's 
missionary bell has been hanging silent ever since. 
All along the line it has been sounding its tones 
clearer and stronger until the gentle zephyrs have 
caught up the refrain and are wafting the heavenly 
melody farther and farther, proclaiming the glad 
tidings of salvation: and now, in the dawn of the 
twentieth century, it becomes our duty as Christians 
true, that we humbly, reverently and with a firm 
hand grasp this same old rope and sound from the 
bell the same impressive tones: "Enlarge the place 
of thy tent, and let them stretch forth the curtain of 
thy habitation." 

What have the missions done? From one point 
of view, very little; from another, much. On the 

part of man, very little in comparison with what 
ought to have been done: but considering what he 
has done with the little with which he had to do, 
very much has been done on the part of God. 
When we consider how few people have been en- 
gaged in the business and how little money spent, 
we must conclude that the mission work has been 
simply marvelous. God has done a great deal 
above all that the church has asked or even thought. 
Not a single blow, not the feeblest does he allow to 
be struck in vain. What a comforting and inspiring 
thought for the laborer! 

One hundred years ago there were but fifty ver- 
sions of the Holy Scriptures. At present there are 
over three hundred in all the principal languages of 
the world. Notice, if you please, a few examples of 
what the one hundred years have accomplished. 
The ninety-five years of mission history, 1797-1892, 
in the " South Seas." Fourteen years without a 
convert; but one day two natives who had been im- 
pressed in a missionary's family, were found pray- 
ing for the evangelization of their own people, and 
these two converts of 1811 were leaders of a host 
now numbering 850,000. Take the seventy-five 
years of the American Baptist Union, when Judson 
was the only representative in the vast field of Bur- 
mah; he worked ten years and had but one church 
and eighteen converts to show for his labor. When 
asked by letter, "How about prospects?" "Pros- 
pects? " said he, "they are bright as the promises of 
God." We need only to think of the great number 
of now enlightened souls, to know how successful 
his work has proved. Notice the fifty years in 
China. In 1842 only a little band of converts, now, 
more than 50,000. When John Calvert went to the 
Fiji Islands, his first duty was to bury the skulls, 
hands and feet of eighty people who had been sac- 
rificed at a cannibal feast. Yet, blessed thought, 
he lived to see the very persons who had taken part 
in the atrocity, gather around the Lord's table, cele- 
brating his death. 

A great deal has been done, and a great deal is 
yet to be done ere the Gospel has been carried to 
all nations, 

" There's a wail from the islands of Ihe sea; 
There's a voice that is calling you and me 
In the old ship of Zion, the strong help of Zion 
The good news of Zion carry ye. 
Come over and help us is the cry, 
Come over and help us ere we die. 
I hear the voice calling, I see their sad tears falling, 
O, ship of salvation, thither fly! " 

They are calling for the Bread of Life, and we are 
thankful that men and women are so nobly respond- 
ing to the call. Surely there is work for all. The 
seed has been sown and the harvest must be gath- 
ered. Like the river Nile, when it overflows its 
banks and floods the country, the natives go out in 
little boats and sow the seed upon the waters, and 
after the flood gather a rich harvest; so for many 
years our brave missionaries have been sowing the 
seed of the kingdom upon the waters in floods of 
persecution, and now the harvest has commenced. 
Let the church thank God for the past, take courage 
regarding the future; let her rejoice, as well she 
may, over what has been accomplished, and, possess- 
ing her great soul in patience, gird herself anew for 
the work she has undertaken. May the Master 
richly bless the missionary spirit so beautifully 
shown in our own beloved Brotherhood at the pres- 
ent time. We plead that the Holy Spirit may 
breathe upon us until each member will read the 
" g° ye " with open eyes and poeketbook. May the ef- 
forts now being made to enlarge the borders of the 
Publishing Interests be crowned with success. May 
the church ever stand united in giving to the world 
clean Gospel literature, a living missionary, " giving 
forth no uncertain sound." 

Once again, with reverent hand, let us ring from 
God's belfry, " Enlarge the place of thy tent, and 
let them stretch forth the curtain of thine habita- 
tion." Let us covenant with the Father that from 
henceforth all we represent, all we have and all wc 
are shall be more fully consecrated to his glory and 
the salvation of precious souls. 

Harlville, Ohio. 



In No. 50 of the Messenger appears an article 
under the above heading. The author quotes I Cor. 
9: 14 as the basis of his remarks. We believe in the 
principle which that text teaches, but we. fear that 
if the text is disconnected from the context and 
construed too literally, we may deviate from the 
intention of the author, and even cause hardships to 
follow. For example, take the following text and 
apply it in its most literal sense: " Give to him that 
asketh thee." In some localities a man's business 
would soon be wound up. If we read any Scripture 
in the connection in which it stands, and compare it 
with other Scriptures bearing on the same subject, 
we are most likely to get the sense in which it is in- 
tended to be taken. 

The writer of the above-named article takes the 
position that the text quoted teaches that preachers 
of the Gospel should be supported financially. This 
we believe is right and lawful whenever expedient, 
and with the principle of a supported ministry we 
are in accord with him, but we are not loo sure that 
the brother has the right idea when he assumes that 
the rich brother should receive the same remunera- 
tion as the poor brother should receive for his serv- 
ices and illustrates his point by the purchase of five 
dollars' worth of corn. The error, it seems to me, 
in comparing the price of corn and the price of a 
sermon lies in this, that it places the Gospel or its 
distribution on a money basis. We do not think 
the case is a parallel one. Corn is always worth 
what it brings in the market. The gospel is intend- 
ed to be free. Matt. 10: 7, 8. " Freely ye have 
received, freely give." The poor brother can not al- 
ways give it without some aid, the wealthy brother 
may. The propagation of the Gospel is to be the 
chief idea, not the earthly remuneration of the preach- 
er. The proper thing to do is to make such arrange- 
ments that the Gospel may have " free course and 
be glorified" by contributing of our earthly things 
for Gospel support: whether to build churches, send 
out tracts, ministers or whatever it may be. Wc aro 
sorry to see the Gospel put on the same plane with 
merchandise and a money value placed upon it. It 
is above the price of all money. 

The text quoted above should be taken in con- 
nection with the verse following namely: " But I 
have used none of these things: neither have I writ- 
ten these things, that it should be so done unto me." 
Plattsburg, Mo. 


/ The following is gleaned from a communication 
sent us by Bro. John Friedly. Each reader -can 
make his. own temporal, as well as spiritual, applica- 
tion. — Ed. 

John and Lydia were keeping house. Lydia was 
of a cleanly nature. John, too, was much pleased 
with her cleanliness, but having a great appetite for 
tobacco, he would make free use of it by chewing 
and smoking it. 

Lydia, having some fine berries, desired to put 
them away for future use. She got some vessels, 
cleansed them nicely, and put the berries in one of 
them. She also put some of the "essence of the 
pipe " with them. 

One day, some time afterwards, she put some of 
the berries on the table. John took some of the 
berries, but exclaimed at once, " Lydia, what in the 
world did you do to these berries? " 

" Why, what is the matter with them?" his wife 

He exclaimed, " They taste so strong of tobac- 

His wife replied, " Why, John, you are such a lov- 
er of tobacco smoke, I thought I would flavor the 
berries with the smell of it. How, then, must I pre- 
pare the berries for yoJ? " 

The answer was, " Put them in the vessels pure." 

" Well, John, I think you had better leave tobac- 
co out of the house, and your health will improve, 
and my comfort too." 


Jan. 13, 1900. 


Sermon Outlines, Homiletical Suggestions and Aids 
for the Minister. 

BT*We earnestly solicit 1 
PEL Mbssbngbb, In way ol w 

5 radical helps lor the prcacht.. 
tess all matter Intended lor tir 

Box 776. Elkhart. Ind. 

■ tributions lor this department ol the Gos- 
■prcpated sermon outlines, and short, crisp. 
Due credit will Invariably be given. Ad- 
is department to Eld. A. H Putbrbaugh, 


•' And Samuel jud R ed Israel all the days ol his tile. And he went from 
year to year in circuit to Bethel, and Gilgal, and Mtipeli, and judged Israel 
in all those places. And his return was to Raman; lor there was Ins house; 
and there he judged Israel; and there he built an altar unto the Lord."-i 

Sam. 7: "S-17- 

I. He had a good start in the world. 

1. A good mother's influence. (See 1 Sam. I.) 

2. Priestly training and education. (See chapter 3.) 
II. He was unprejudiced. 

1. God's choice was his choice in the selection of a king 
after Saul. (See chapter 16: 7.) 

2. Unsparing in his denunciations of evil. (See chapter 
15: 14-23.) 

III. He had a home altar. (See chapter 7: >7-) 

IV. He found a place in the hearts of the people. 

1. A renewed covenant the result. {Chapter 7: 3-13.) 

2. Enemies subdued. (Chapter 7: 13.) 

3. "All the Israelites . . . lamented him. (Chapter 

2 5 : '■) . 



After years of careful observation, I am con- 
vinced that times of special importance, either in 
the world's history or in the history of the Christian 
religion, ought to receive greater recognition from 
our ministry than has been accorded them hereto- 
fore. A sermon prepared for a special occasion, 
full of wholesome truth, touching points where in- 
formation is needed, unfolding the real purposes of 
such occasion, cannot but be helpful to the church 
in many ways. The masses of people have not the 
sources from which full information can be secured 
on many of the most important occasions confront- 
ing them year after year. From the lack of correct 
data the most vague ideas and distorted notions 
have found way to the human heart, leaving only 

llic CACCasivc indulgences so common all around US. 

I see a great need, no greater now than heretofore, 
but a demand for the pulpit to come to the rescue, 
offering the needed relief, affording information and 
setting out vividly the true purposes of such occa- 
sions in the light of holy truth. To millions, Thanks- 
giving suggests nothing more than a richly spread 
table crowned with roast turkey and knick-knacks 
for the satisfaction, only, of a depraved and unnat- 
ural appetite; with possibly a little relaxation from 
the drudgery of every-day toil, in the name of a 
holiday. It is a sad comment, when Christmas 
brings to our homes no higher ideas of life, no 
holier conceptions of the greatest event in the his- 
tory of "heaven and earth" than the eating of 
nuts and candy, the reception of a gift from a friend, 
an evening of revelry in the name of religion, or the 
overloading of the stomach just because it is Christ- 
mas, just Christmas, nothing more. 

Somehow linked with these other days, Easter 
Sunday comes along in the role with its colored 
eggs and feast of eggs which the small boy, by dex- 
trous effort, has been able to secrete in some favor- 
ite hiding place, until Easter morning breaks fully 
upon his view, and he then, in the pride of his boy- 
hood triumphs, brings a well-filled basket to the 
kitchen for the morning meal. With these stirring 
events, the day closes and is forgotten until history 
repeats itself a year later. 

Then, too, our great national holiday, " the Fourth 
of July," comes in for its share of desecration, and 
with many millions of people is only viewed as a 
day for unbridled privileges with the pesky fire- 
cracker and cannon in the hands of the small boy 
and much smaller man. Millions of people in our 
own enlightened America never rise to any higher 
conceptions of the real purposes of these occasions 
than are suggested above. Need we not raise a 
note of warning, an earnest plea in behalf of our 
youth growing up in our midst? 

These occasions are God-sends for the solution of 
the most sublime and stupendous truths in the 

economy of redeeming grace. They are opportun- 
ities which come to us as the dew of heaven, and, if 
properly used and devoted to the best interests of 
human souls, will bring a glorious reward. I shall 
hail with joy the period when the congregations of 
our Brotherhood shall regard these days as days of 
holy service for special sermons suited to the occa- 
sion. The birth of Christ is so full of thought and 
wonderment that were we to live a thousand years 
and preach every Christmas morning on the theme 
of his birth there would never be occasion for repe- 
tition in all that time. The resurrection of Jesus 
Christ, and as a sequence our resurrection, furnishes 
data never to be exhausted, and of which consecrat- 
ed souls will never tire in hearing the gladsome 
news. It is the mission of the church so to weave 
within our hearts, in holy consecration, the events 
of this life which tend to spiritual development, as 
to bring us to the very likeness and image of Jesus 
our Lord. The mission of the minister and the 
church is no less wonderful to-day than when the 
Master planned it in the mountains and valleys of 


I am not writing an article on church government, 
but aiming to suggest a more careful study of that 
subject by all the officials of the church. Were the 
subject as fully understood as it ought to be and as 
carefully administered as the cases demand, we 
would find a much more happy state of affairs con- 
fronting us in many sections of the Brother- 
hood. An elder, especially, ought to know 
the general course of procedure in all ordi- 
nary cases, that there be no mistakes as a 
rule in his administration. The Gospel forms the 
basis for the perfect adjustment of troubles, both 
private and of a public nature. The decisions of 
the church supply the needed information as to 
how to proceed and apply the statutory regulation. 
It is a flagrant neglect of duty not to study with 
care the book of Minutes and become familiar with 
the decisions of our Annual Councils. Many 
churches are suffering on account of maladminis- 
tration, occasioned only by neglect of duty on the 
part of the administration family. We have the 
best system of church government I know of, — 
plain, practical, just, charitable, — so that every soul 
wishing to do right is sustained in such endeavor. 
Peradventure I suffer wrongfully at the hands of 
one court, my appeal is not cut off from another, 
which will look into my case with unprejudiced 
mind and find according to the real merits of the 
case, until the highest judiciary of the church is 
reached. Many calls for adjoining elders and com- 
mittees would never need be made if we as minis- 
ters understood and carried out the line of proced- 
ure laid down by the Annual Councils. A short 
time each week in the study of the decisions of the 
church will soon give a very comprehensive view of 
our system of government; then, with the aid of 
good judgment and an unselfish heart, the church 
will be carried forward in her mission of peace. 



The Preaching of John the Baptist — Luke 3: 1-17. 

Lesson for Jan. si, /goo. 
Golden Text. — Prepare ye the way of the Lord. — Luke 

The subject of to-day's lesson is John the Baptist. 
An account of his birth is found in the first chapter 
of Matthew, and is so intimately connected with the 
life of Christ that it would not be complete without 
referring to it. The story of the meeting of the two 
mothers prior to the birth o/ these most remarkable 
children is of more than ordinary interest and should 
be carefully studied. 

Of John's father it is said that he was filled with 
the Holy Ghost. And he was a prophet in Israel. 
The same may be said of his mother. So the line- 
age of this messenger of God was of the best, and 
it can be said that at least some of his goodness was 

inherited. And it ought to show the advantage 
children who are born of religious parents have over 
those who are not. Though his line of birth was 
of the very best, yet he was of humble parentage. 
As he started out on his great mission it is said of 
him that his raiment was of camel's hair, that he had 
a leathern girdle about his loins, and his meat was 
locusts and wild honey. This shows that his life 
was adapted to the work that he was called to do — 
to prepare a people as material for the new kingdom 
that was soon to be inaugurated — into which the 
whole world might enter, from the very lowest sta- 
tion in life upward, beginning with the lowest that 
none might be left out, and none even discouraged. 

There had been a way prepared by which some 
of the people could travel towards the better life. 
But it was not sufficiently accessible to all. In a 
sense, it was crooked, rough and full of hills. The 
new way which was to be prepared by this servant 
of God was to be different. The paths were to be 
made straight, the crooks and bends were to be tak- 
en out, the valleys were to be filled up, the moun- 
tains and hills brought down and the rough ways 
made smooth. 

John surely hada wonderful work to do, one which 
required very skillful engineering. The old way 
was to give way to the new and better one, as the 
old turnpikes and carryalls, years ago, had to give 
way to the railroad, and the first and poorer rail- 
roads had to be replaced with the more modern with 
their enlarged possibilities. 

Fifty years ago one trunk line from Philadelphia 
to Pittsburg came up circling around the hills and 
river bends and climbing over the higher mountains. 
As traffic and travel increased, wider possibilities 
were needed. And to accomplish this thousands of 
men, for the last few years, have been placed along 
this road. The crooked places are being made 
straight, the rough places, by heavy ballasting, are 
being made smooth, the valleys are being filled up and 
instead of going round and over the hills and moun- 
tains the road is being made through them; so that 
in it we have an apt illustration of the spiritual les- 
son intended to be Jaught in this narrative. / A 

And the force of the leaoon la madt Still mdre apt 

when we learn the character of the homeland of the 
Bible. To prepare a king's highway in the hilly 
country of Palestine meant just what is here said. 
The hills were cut down and the valleys were filled 
up and the rough, stony and rocky places were made 
smooth. As the people were accustomed to these 
things and had seen these "ways" made, they were 
taken to illustrate how this new and living way was 
to be made. The materrial or physical conditions 
of which this highway was made referred to the 
people. Some were high up in their own estimation. 
These were to be brought down, humbled; others, 
like the valleys, were. low down in sin, poverty and 
degeneration. These John's preaching was to bring 
up. Others were rough, illiterate and uncultured. 
These were to be made smooth through the refining 
process of divine grace. And again there were oth- 
ers that were crooked in their lives, unreliable and 
untruthful. These were to be straightened by an ap- 
plication of the golden rule of truth. So that all 
those who were brought through the divine process 
of regeneration would be brought together into a 
common brotherhood, and a similarity thus would be 
brought into their lives that would represent this 
level and new highway which John had come to 
prepare and the Christ to complete,. 

After giving them this very apt figure he follows 
with personal instructions as to how this great 
change is to be brought about. They were to repent 
and be baptized, thus bringing them into the new re- 
lation. That they might be thus received, they were 
to show the necessary fruits. What, then, shall we 
do? the people asked. They were to show the fruits 
of the new relation by administering to the needs of 
their fellows. If one had two coats he was to give 
to the one that had none; and the same with meats; 
the two representing the most common wants of 
life. To even up and make a common brotherhood 
as far as is possible is the great lesson to be learned. 
"We are brethren" solves the Christ problem of 
life. H. T3. B. 

Jan. 13, 1900. 




It is not so much what you say, 

As the manner in which you say it; 
It is not so much the language you use, 

As the tone in which you convey it. 

''Come here! " I sharply said, 

And the baby cowered and wept; 
" Cottle here! " i cooed, and he losked and smiled 

And straight to rny lap he crept. 

The word may be mild and fair, 
And the tones may pierce like a dart; 

The words may be soft as the summer air, 
And the tones may break the heart. 

For words but come from the mind, 

And grow by study and art; 
But the tones leap from the inner self, 

And reveal the state of the heart, 

Whether you know it or not-^ 

Whether you mean or Care, 
Gentleness, kindness, love and hate, 

£hvy and anger are there; 

Then would you quarrels avoid. 

And in peace and love rejoice. 
Keep anger not only out of your words, 

But keep it out of your voice. 

_ _ — Selected. 



Like dear Frances Ridley Havergal, whose sweet 
songs we love to sing, some of us have prayed 
" Take my life, and let it be, consecrated, Lord, to 
Thee." We have thought of the hands, to serve 
Him, the feet, too, perhaps, and, if anticipating a life 
devoted to the ministry of the Word, we have 
thought of the mouth, — or lips and tongue, — as be- 
ing Consecrated to His service, But, whether we ex- 
pect to occupy a pulpit or a kitchen, or place on the 
farm, or on the public highway, or in a store or shop, 
— wherever we are, we cannot serve Him acceptably 
uriless we devote those members to His service. It 
plotters not what our occupation may be. We can 
use our tongues and lips in His service if we will; 
and not alone in singing, but in general conversa- 
tion. But these outward members are not all that 
should be consecrated to His service, but internal as 

First of all, let the heart beat with a quick, 
strong throb of love always for Jesus. Do not think 
" nonsense — the physical heart cannot indicate love." 
If that is your idea, try the following plan and see. 
Take the wrist of some strong thinking person into 
your hand, with your finger upon the pulse. (Now 
the pulse is the direct flow from the heart — the phy- 
sical heart.) Mention some person whom this per- 
son dislikes; while the mind is upon that person, 
count the pulse. Then mention a person whom the 
one you are talking with, loves. While dwelling 
upon the latter's virtues, count the pulse. You will 
observe an instant quickening and a much stronger 
pulse in the latter case than in the former. 

Yes, the physical heart can beat strongly, and 
regularly for the Lord, if we let our minds dwell up- 
on His goodness, and there is a little instrument of 
music inside of our throats. It is called the " vocal 
chords." That instrument can produce all manner 
of sound; either harsh and discordant, or mild and 
beautiful. When we speak from a heart of love, the 
voice usually produces a sweet, mild tone, But 
when anger touches those sensitive chords, what an 
awful sound is the result, 

If we would serve a God of love with our voices, 
we should train them to produce only lovely sounds. 
This can be done. But if the child' is allowed to 
speak in loud, harsh tones, and this is continued un-. 
til late in life, the tone of voice will have grown 
harsh by habit, and can never be trained to become 
so lovely as if it had never become loud and harsh; 
the same in regard to sarcasm, which injures the 
voice and the features quite as much as anything 
else ever can. 

The voice may be greatly improved late in life, if 
a pure heart produce the change; but it is far better 
to begin voice culture in childhood. Hannah gave 


Samuel to the Lord very early in life. If we, too, 
would give out children to Him, as early in life as 
she, and then begin training their voices, even be- 
fore they are born, by governing our own (fathers as 
well as mothers) and keep on training by means of 
example, the result would be almost angelic. The 
selection, elsewhere on this page, from an author un- 
known is suggestive. 
Canon City, Colo. 


TriE Voice is an instrument, the range, variety and 
effectiveness of which are apt to be wholly over- 
looked in this age of craving for sensations. In- 
deed, even in the pulpit, would not the man who 
should become master of it gain immeasurably in 
the hold he could get over the limited number that 
constitutes most congregations? In immense 
churches, where he must hold forth to vast assem- 
blies, the preacher must adopt the oratorical style, 
just as in hailing the masthead in a gale a man 
must make use of the speaking trumpet. But a 
speaking trumpet in a parlor would make conversa- 
tion as unendurable as a street brass band hired by 
an enemy to blast away just outside the window. 

Nor is it less unendurable in many a small church. 
There the number is not too great to get into close 
heart-to-heart, personal contact with, and the man 
who should adopt a quiet, varied, eye-to-eye, loving- 
ly intimate, conversational tone would win over ten 
sinners to the ways of righteousness and peace, to 
one that your Jericho ram's horn blaster would shake 
down in consternation on his knees. 

As an effective instrument to use in dealing at 
close hand with a jury, the conversational tone, it 
fairly may be argued, would seem to carry with it 
certain great advantages over the oratorical. In- 
deed, there is something intrinsically false and ab- 
surd in the position of a man standing up and pro- 
nouncing a splendid oration before a beggarly dozen 
of his fellow creatures. It takes a densely packed 
acre of them to justify the situation. When Web- 
ster spoke at Bunker Hill, the individual was noth- 
ing, the mass was everything. He did not expect 
to come to close quarters with any selected persons, 
but to sway 10,000 in a corporate body. 

In addressing a jury, however, the case is as differ- 
ent as that between the ceremonial shaking of hands 
the President of the United States extends to myri- 
ads on a grand reception day, and the warm, friend- 
ly pressure with which he greets a few real intimates. 
Is it not, then, something as really out of place to dis- 
charge a magnificent oration at a group of a dozen 
men as it would be to open fire on a flock of peeps 
on the beach with a columbiad instead of a shotgun? 
The true object is to bag the peeps and not make 
the welkin roar. — Musical Science Teacher. 



John and Mary were intelligent, moral, and popu- 
lar young folks. Early in life they made choice of 
each other as partners for life. After the ceremony 
was over and the usual days of feasting, John and 
Mary set out in life to make the best of it possible. 
Everything moved on smoothly and scarcely a 
cloud passed over their heads for a time, and they 
used every reasonable exertion to promote each oth- 
er's happiness. But finally the stern realities of life 
began to press down on them and John became im- 
patient and Mary got peevish. Their sky became 
very cloudy, and it grew worse day after day. The 
horses did not work to suit John and the hogs got in 
the garden and a mouse got in the cream. Mary 
said John ought to have fixed the garden fence, and 
kept the mice out of the spring house like other 
men. John was not in a condition to bear that kind 
of talk, and so he gave vent to his wrath. Matters 
grew from bad to worse and the once beautiful rays 
of a cloudless sun smiled upon them no more. 

Once John was all alone, meditating on the 
changed condition of affairs, and concluded to make 
amends if possible. So he went to Mary in a loving 

way and spoke of their once happy home and said! 
he desired to do his part to restore those conditions- 
in their home,' so they mutually agreed to reform 
and adopt the following rule: When John came into 
Mary's presence irritated, Mary was to say all the 
nice, pleasant things she could to pacify him, and 
when John came home and found Mary peevish 
then he was to talk nice and pleasant to her. And 
for a sign of their condition, Mary was to pin up 
one corner of her apron so John might know there 
was a storm on hand. John was to put his hat on 
one side of his head when things had gone wrong 
with him. 

This worked smoothly for a while, till one day 
John was plowing in a new ground, among the rocks 
and roots, where he got jostled and jolted, and his 
shins bruised and bleeding. The same day the stove 
did not act right and Mary burnt her bread and many 
things went wrong. When John came to dinner his 
hat was very much on one side of his head. He 
went into the presence of Mary and she had both cor- 
ners of her apron pinned up. John halted, took in 
the situation, straightened his hat, approached Mary 
with an extended hand, placed a kiss on her lips, 
her apron corners fell, the cloud vanished and the 
sun began to smile complacently down upon the 
home of John and Mary. 



Since our last report we have held ten meetings, 
and have donated 214 pieces of clothes, shoes, stock- 
ings, mittens, etc., three comforts, four blankets, al- 
so vegetables and fruits, butter, jellies, etc. We 
have received S32.23 and given out 829.55, leaving a. 
balance of $2.68 in treasury. I wish the sisters in 
every neighborhood would organize a society. I 
know they would if they could just see the good re- 
sulting from it, and realize the joy and pleasure there 
is in relieving the pinches of poverty. There are 
but a few of us here, but we have caused many sad 
hearts to take courage and be glad. 

If there are any isolated sisters who cannot be 
connected with a society, it would be well with them 
to send their mite to us; we will gladly receive it 
and try to put it to good use. Each month we re- 
ceive ten cents from a dear sister in Kansas, and her 
good words of cheer are quite beneficial to us. All 
isolated sisters, think over this, then act according- 

— — — ■ ♦ ■ 


Webb-Pebloe tells of a wealthy man whom he 
had never known to give five cents a year in charity, 
who sent for him once when ill with paralysis. The 
man said to the minister: " I am afraid I may die. I 
have sent for you that I may do what is right before 
God; I want to go to heaven, and I want you to take 
a hundred pounds for the poor." The man of God 
looked the sinner straight in the face and said: " Do 
you think you are going to buy your soul's way to 
glory with a dirty hundred pounds? Give your 
money where you like; I will not touch it." That 
was bitter medicine, but some diseases require sharp 
treatment. The man lived and learned that salva- 
tion is not to be bought with money, and that 
pounds given " of necessity " are not acceptable to 
God. — Word and Work. 

The sweetest perfume that the home circle ever 
knows rises from deeds of loving service which its 
members do for each other. The sweetest per- 
fumes of our homes do not arise from elegant fur- 
niture, soft carpets, rare pictures or luxurious vi- 
ands. Many a home having these is pervaded by 
an atmosphere as tasteless and odorless as bouquets 
of waxen flowers. Lucy Larcom, the poetess, once 
wrote: " I think I should be homesick in a mansion 
filled with angels if my own precious friends whom 
I love were not within call." It is a glorious thing 
to live such a life that precious fragrance shall rise 
from it and be exhaled unconsciously.— L. A. Banks, 


Jan. 13, 1900. 

The Gospel Messenger, 



Brethren Publishing House, 


The Genera] Missionary and Tract Committee. 
22 and 24 South State St., Elgin, 111. 

Subscription, $1.50 per Annum in Advance. 

D. L. Hillbr. Illinois. 
H. B. Brumbaugh. Pa., 

} Ed 


J. H. Moorh Office Editor. 

Jos. Amick Business Manager. 

Attritery OmrniMw; £■«* f&y, Danifl ffay». IT. R. Dtffr. 

^~A11 business and communications intended (or the paper should be 
addressed to the Brethren Publishing House, Elgin, 111., and not to any 
individual connected with it, 

Entered at the Post-office at Elgin, 111., as Second-class matter. 

The series of meetings at Bethel, Ind., 
with nine confessions. 


r It is encouraging to learn of the many Sunday 
schools that are keeping up this winter. There 
ought to be a Sunday school in every church in the 
Brotherhood, so that all the members, as well as 
their children, could study the excellent lessons we 
have this year. 

A letter recently received from Smyrna says, 
" One has been baptized in Philadelphia, and there 
are three ready to come to us here at Smyrna." 
From this it will be seen that the seed of the king- 
dom, planted in the hearts of the people in Asia 
Minor., is still producing fruit. 

Bro. Levi Whisler, of Lyons, Colo., changes his 
address to Payette, Idaho. 

Bro. Elias B. Lefever, of Brentsville, Va., has 
returned to Ephrata, Pa., his former home. 

During the last twelve months thirty-one were 
added to the church in Grundy County, Iowa. 

Bro. I. N. H. Beahm's health is improving very 
much. When last heard from he was at Inglewood, 

Bro. C. B. Smith is now engaged in a series of 
meetings at McPherson, Kans., with good attend- 
ance and interest. 

The series of meetings at Berkley, Pa., resulted 
in seven putting on Christ in baptism. Two re- 
turned to the fold. 

On the last day of 1899, Bro. J. M. Mohler closed 
a series of meetings at Casstown, Ohio. Seven ap- 
plied for membership. 

Refreshing seasons of grace have come to the 
band of believers in the Bethel church, Indiana. 
Nine recently put on Christ in baptism. 

No deaths among the members occurred in the 
Grundy County church, Iowa, during 1S99. That is 
more than can be said of most congregations. 

Bro. D. P. Shivelv is holding a protracted meet- 
ing in the Mississinewa church, Delaware Co., Ind. 
Four young men have applied for membership. 

Bro. Benjamin Forney writes us that he is en- 
gaged in a series of meetings in the Fairview school- 
house, within the bounds of the Abilene church, 

The Messenger has been the means of bringing 
man)- souls into the church, but we trust that it has 
never been the cause of even one earnest soul leav- 
ing the fold. 

The Brethren in Washington, D. C, had thought 
of holding a feast the sixteenth of this month, but 
now request us to say that the feast will not be held 
until further notice. 

On renewing his subscription one of our readers 
says some think Si. 50 is too much for the paper. 
He then adds, " No, not when we know that more 
than one has been brought to the knowledge of the 
truth by reading it." 

When last heard from, Jan. 1, Bro. C. P. Rowland 
was engaged in a series of meetings in the Barron 
church, Wisconsin. Bro. Rowland is devoting near- 
ly all of his time to work in the mission fields. 

One of our District evangelists says that during 
the year 1899 ^ e traveled on horseback over 1,300 
miles, preached nearly 120 times and received for 
his support [ess than $25. This is the kind of sacri- 
fice that not a few ministers are making, and for it 
they will be richly rewarded. 

Bro. D. L. Miller's address is Mt. Morris, III., 
and not Elgin, 111., as a number of his friends have 
presumed. Correspondence pertaining to the Pub- 
lishing House or the Mission Funds of the General 
Missionary and Tract Committee should not be ad- 
dressed to him but to the office here. 

Bro. Allen Boyer, of Lena, 111., writes us that he 
is now nearly Si years old, has been under the yoke 
of Jesus 64 years, and is not tired yet. He came to 
the church when he was about seventeen years old, 
and like most of those who entered the ranks of the 
Master young, can testify that he never gets tired 
of serving the Christ. 

Bro. D. L. Miller is at North Manchester, Ind., 
this week, delivering a series of Bible Land talks. 
He gave a number of talks at Mt. Morris, 111., last 
week, and was listened to each evening by crowded 

Peter accused Paul of writing " some things hard 
to be understood." This is not likely to be said of 
the next issue of the Messenger, but by the time 
our patrons get through with what Mr. D. L. Moody 
has said about secret societies, and what will be 
found in the symposium, and some other communi- 
cations, they will begin to wonder what is coming 
next. They may rest assured that we are going to 
give them something to think about this year. 

One of our contributors tells us how the congre- 
gation where he lives raised money and surprised 
the elder and his wife with things they needed. 
This is proper. The congregation ought to show 
some appreciation for the labors of a faithful elder 
who presides over them. And while this is true it 
may not be necessary to mention all such instances 
in print. 

In the next issue will appear the first Symposium 
for 1900, discussing the tobacco question. Both 
sides will be represented. Later there will be an- 
other symposium on Endowment and Mortgage 
business. These are the only two questions, relat- 
ing to the queries that are to come before the 
next Annnal Meeting, concerning which we have 
received articles. 

Under date of Jan. 4, Bro. Andrew Hutchison 
writes us from Covina, Cal. Accompanying each of 
his letters there is usually a note of encouragement. 
In the one here referred to he says, " We have such 
a sweet and precious Messenger. I am jealous 
over it with a godly jealousy." It is encouraging 
to learn that Bro. Hutchison, as well as others, ap- 
preciates- the Messenger. 

In this issue will be found some brief outlines of 
Bro. B. E. Kesler's debate, held in Arkansas not 
long since. The closing part will appear next week. 
These outlines are given by request of some of the 
Brethren in Arkansas. The discussion is said to 
have resulted in good, and that the people who lis- 
tened to it have a much clearer conception of the 
Gospel than they had before. 

One of our contributors is correct in saying that 
every man who votes in favor of license is helping 
to build the glass railroad that surely leads 
down to destruction. While the Brethren have 
always advised against taking an active part in 
politics, still they have not thought proper to make 
voting a test of fellowship. And yet in permitting 
brethren to go to the polls it was never contemplat- 
ed that they would vote for that which is a known 
injury to society. He who votes for license votes 
for the making of drunkards, orphans and widows. 

Bro. G. W. Hopwood, of Deepriver, Iowa, spent 
a few hours with us last Tuesday. He had been at- 
tending the Bible Term at Mt. Morris, III., and 
thought it good to visit the Messenger office also. 
We enjoyed his call very much. 

In this office a special list of the ministers is kept 
for the convenience of the Gish Fund, and when a 
book is sent to a minister, it is checked up against 
his name. This arrangement enables us to keep 
track of all the books sent out by the Gish Fund. 
Hence, when any one orders a Gish Fund book for 
a preacher, the name and address of the minister 
must accompany the order, so that a record of the 
same may be made on the list referred to. 

Writing from San Diego, and speaking of his 
winter sojourn in California, Bro. Levi Minnich, of 
Painter Creek, Ohio, says: " I am making good use 
of my opportunity to attend Sunday school and 
church on the frontier. While the congregations 
are usually small, there is much zeal and interest 
manifested. In some places the workers are so few 
that each of them must be zealous or the good work 
would stop. I wish all the members of our large 
congregations could attend some of these services. 
I believe prayers and tithes would flow more freely." 


Bro. Lemuel Hillery, of Goshen, Ind., gave us 
a short call last Monday. We spent a few hours 
very pleasantly with him, talking over old times and 
the present condition and needs of the church. 
Sometime ago Bro. Hillery visited Utah, and did 
some preaching at different points. He is now very 
much concerned about the Brethren locating in the 
State, and doing some earnest and effectual mission- 
ary work. He thinks there is a most excellent 
opening in that part of the West for our people, 
while the demand for the whole Gospel is simply 
surprising. There is perhaps no place in the Unit- 
ed States where real earnest and intelligent preach- 
ing is more needed. The Brethren are fast spread- 
ing over the West, and in due time we hope to have 
congregations in Utah also. 

The raising of money for a good cause is all right, * 
and we see nothing wrong about the amount that 
our people are giving for various good works. 
They have never yet overreached their duty. But 
there is a possibility of overdoing a good thing or 
rather carrying a thing beyond reason. We now 
refer to a certain religious body, not exceeding 
40,000, trying to raise one million dollars. The pur- 
pose of this fund is not to feed the hungry, clothe 
the naked, or even preach the Gospel to the poor. 
The object is to work up a great enterprise that 
may be good for society, and then it may not. At 
the head of the whole affair is a man who lives and 
enjoys the very best of comforts — comforts that 
cost an immense amount of money. All this money 
is begged; that is, it is given by others, who are so- 
licited to send in their liberal donations. We doubt 
whether this is just the right thing to do. So long 
as the call is to help the needy, then donations 
are to be encouraged, but when it is to help well-fed 
and well-housed, and well-clothed people to fare 
still better, however laudable be their claims, then 
we gravely doubt whether it is right to give to the 
support of such schemes. 

Under date of Dec. 18, Bro. G. J. Fercken writes: 

You remember that I told you and it was even published in 
the Messenger that my Russian neighbor, Mr. Bernkoff, was 
publishing a Russian paper in Geneva, in the interest of the 
Stundists and Doukhobortsi. In the first number he kindly 
published our French tract, stating the origin of our church in 
Schwarzenau. Well, it was read by a Countess of Wittgenstein, 
wife of the late Prince Ferdinand of Wittgenstein, born Nov. 
10,1834, died March 15,1888. She is herself a Russian prin- 
cess; her maiden name was Paraskeva Alexandrowha Dadian, 
born at Tiflis, south of Russia, Dec. 16, 1847. She is now 
spending the winter in Nice, south of France. Having read 
that our church originated in Schwarzenau, and that a certain 
Count Casimir of Wittgenstein protected our persecuted orig- 
inators, she has written to my friend, Mr. Bernkoff, to know 
more about us, and the descendants of that Count, etc. 

Jan. 13. 19°0- 


2 5 

^"A copy of the " History of the Brethren," by Bro. 
M. G. Brumbaugh, has been sent to the Countess, 
with the hope that it will be the means of giving her 
the desired information concerning the Brethren. 
Some news regarding our people is being carried 
back to Europe, and it may, in time, result in rees- 
tablishing the faith in that part of Germany where 
our early Brethren commenced their reformatory 



One of our ministers writes, "Let-us pray that 
1900 may be a notable year for the growth and de- 
velopment of our beloved church." It is to be 
hoped that we can all work and pray for such re- 
sults. The apostles both prayed and worked for the 
growth of the church, and why may we not do like- 
wise? It was the intention of the Founder of Chris- 
tianity that the body of Christ on earth should grow. 
In fact prophecy had declared that like a stone, 
cut out of the mountain without hands, the kingdom 
of Christ should go on until it would fill the whole 
earth. The Messiah told his disciples to go into all 
the world and preach the Gospel to every creature. 
This the early disciples did. They carried the seed 
of the kingdom to every land then known- to civili- 
zation. They made the spread of the Gospel a life 
business, for they were interested in the growth of 
the church. 

Under their preaching multitudes came into the 
church, and the believers were known by the thou- 
sands. They did not settle down in a few rural dis- 
tricts, and there arrange for local religious conven- 
iences. They went into the large cities, and planted 
the standard of Christianity in the great commercial 
centers. This is why they early organized churches 
in Antioch, Ephesus, Corinth, and Rome. From 
these great centers Christianity spread to various 
parts of the country, and in due time it became a 
rH k \ er f° r good in the Roman Empire. Yes, under 
the administration of the apostles the church grew, 
and it ought to grow to-day. 

Then the church should be developed, in order 
that her members may reach a higher Christian at- 
tainment, and thus be the better prepared to carry 
forward the Lord's work. There is a power in the 
Dunker church, but that power is not half devel- 
oped. We have numbers, talent, money and en- 
durance. For all of these forces we will be held ac- 
countable. The Lord never intended that 100,000 be- 
lievers should live in a fruitful land like this, and 
then do so little. The resources of the Fraternity 
should most assuredly be developed, and for this 
every member should both pray and work. As a 
religious body we need more soul power. We need 
more of that higher and better life. We need more 
spiritual culture, and it behooves us to make every 
possible effort to acquire these qualities. 

Our brother is right in urging that the year 1900 
should be a notable one for the growth and devel- 
opment of our beloved Fraternity. Growth and de- 
velopment ought to be our watchwords, for the next 
twelve months, and we feel certain that if we would 
all enter into the work of the Lord as we should, our 
efforts would be crowned with success. Not only 
would sinners be converted, but the whole church 
would become aroused, and Pentecostal experiences 
might be enjoyed in every part of'the land. 


There are but few ways in which one person may 
help another, especially members, more than 
through the Messenger Poor Fund. This fund has 
permitted many poor people to read the paper for a 
whole year, and every time a new issue is received 
they call down blessings on the giver, because of 
the gift. Many of these worthy poor regard the 
Messenger as their only preacher. Some of them 

are under the hand of affliction and cannot attend 
church, while others are isolated. The Master once 
said, "The poor ye have with you always," and it is 
our duty to do them good whenever there is a favor- 
able opportunity. Their presence may prove a 
blessing to every one favored with means, provided 
some of these means be used with a view of helping 
the needy. 

There are two ways in which the Messenger Poor 
Fund may be employed to do good. One is to send 
money directly to the fund, and let those managing 
the office select the worthy poor to whom the paper 
is sent. The other is for each church to raise suffi- 
cient money to have the paper sent to all the poor 
members in the congregation. Both methods work 
well, and are certain to result in good. Recently a 
congregation sent in S35 for the Messenger Poor 
Fund, accompanied by the names of thirty-one poor 
members, to whom they wished to have the paper 
sent. That congregation is doing an immense 
amount of good. The church has some regard for 
her poor, and believes in supplying their needs spir- 
itually as well as temporally. 

This is the season of the year when our patrons 
are renewing their subscriptions. Then come ap- 
peals from the poor. The paper has proved a great 
comfort to them in the past, but they are not able to 
pay for it. While they may be poor in this world's 
goods, they are rich in the faith, and their religion 
is an honor to the cause. All along the House has 
been respecting these earnest appeals from the 
Lord's poor, until the amount allowed in this way 
far exceeds the contributions received for the Poor 
Fund. In some cases the pleas were so touching 
that a letter was sent to the elder where the poor 
members hold their membership, to see if money 
could not be raised at home to pay for the papers. 
In a number of instances this has been done. 

But the shortage of the Poor Fund is too large 
and the calls too many to keep the good work go- 
ing at the expense of the House. Hence this ap- 
peal to those kindly disposed to help some poor 
brother and sister. While renewing your own sub- 
scription, why not remember some poor member 
who does not get the paper, and make that one a 
present of it? Or if you think the burden too heavy 
for you alone, ask several of your friends to join 
you and in that way make some one's heart glad fif- 
ty-two times in a year. Or if there is not some one 
you think of to be reached in this way, send in your 
donation and the office will place the subscription. 
Be assured that every reasonable precaution is taken 
to see that only worthy ones get the benefit of such 
a fund. Shall we not have a liberal response from 
many, remembering those who are too poor to se- 
cure the paper themselves? 


This may, perhaps, seem a strange question to 
ask, but it may do us good to look at it and do some 
thinking about it. One of the hard things for us to 
do in this world is to be consistent and act as we 
preach, and preach as we act. And yet this should 
be the standard for every true life. We can never 
meet the expectations of the people or of God by 
saying one thing and doing another. 

We do not wish to be pessimistic by condemning 
everything outside of our own little life, and yet as 
a church there are certain positions we take and 
things that we profess to believe that require corre- 
spondent actions to make us consistent. Therefore 
we should either revise our positions and believings 
or change our actions. Perhaps a little of both 
would be to an advantage. Just now, we have spe- 
cial reference to our writing and preaching, and the 
standards that are sometimes set before our people 
to aspire after and reach. Right cannot be monop- 
olized, neither is it a creature of circumstances, nor 
determined by what men and women believe. It is 

the God-life, as lived in men. God's standard is: 
What is right for a Catholic to do is right for a Prot- 
estant; what is right for a Pedobaptist is ^equal- 
ly right for a Baptist; and what is right for any or all 
of them to do is right for the Brethren and us to do. 

Is this too broad? We do not see how this can 
be, as in God it is said there is neither variableness 
nor shadow of turning. This being true, the 
thought is, What kind of men should we set before 
our people as standards and samples for their fol- 
lowing? We have been impressed with these 
thoughts for years, and every time we see a brother 
in his. writings, or hear a brother in his preaching, 
laud to the heavens men and women who have not 
lived up to the Scripture standard, as we believe they 
should, the question comes to us, Is such writing 
and preaching in harmony with what we really be- 

Then, again, the question comes to us, Is it 
necessary or is it right that the names of such men 
should be given as standards for our living? If men 
and women who do not teach and practice the 
whole truth, as we believe, are all right and are 
named by us as being mighty powers for the truth 
and for God, why would it not be right for us to be- 
lieve and do as they do? The world has been al- 
most surfeited with the laudations of such men as 
Luther, Knox, Wesley, Beecher Spurgeon, Talmage, 
Moody, and scores of others that we might name — 
and many of our brethren, following after, are doing 
the same thing. That these men were great, as is 
called greatness, in their respective fields, none will 
deny. But as great as they have been in their way, 
is it right to set them up before our people as being 
" mighty men of God " — and now as glorified saints 
in heaven? If so, why not preach as they did and 
do as they did? Who can answer? And if the 
cause pursued by them was worthy of so much 
emulation why would it not be a good thing for us 
to teach and do as they did? 

The same is true in reference to the books we 
recommend and advise. In our missionary meeting 
talks, the lives of certain missionary men and wom- 
en are, as we think, intemperately used. And for 
certain lines of work books are recommended which, 
while they contain many good things, are faulty in 
others. And yet with the seal of sanction on them 
they are accepted in their entirety. These are 
things that stagger the faith of those who have im- 
plicit faith in the simple teachings of Christ and 
that they are to be accepted in good faith and prac- 
ticed as a whole. 

But it may be asked, How can we do otherwise? 
There are two ways in which this seeming inconsist- 
ency may be avoided. First, by preaching, as Paul 
did, Christ and him crucified, and pointing to Christ 
as the highest ideal of manhood and the true exam- 
ple to follow. This will be always safe. So did the 
early Christians. The apostles did not point to 
each other as samples of Christian living and doing. 
Neither did Paul speak of Peter or any of the other 
apostles as the great heroes of the Christian faith. 

And another way is, if we must have Christian 
heroes and heroines to laud and set up as standard 
men, read carefully our late " History of the Brethren 
Church," in which will be found the record of men 
who were as devoted to trfe truth and sacrificed as 
much for the cause of Christ as any set of men that 
ever honored the page of history. We have such 
names as Mack, Sower, Naas, Frantz, Keyser, Ur- 
ner, Price, Quinter, Saylor, and a host of others, of 
whom we may well be proud. And if it is necessary 
to point to men as samples and standards of devot- 
ed and self-sacrificing servants of the Lord, why not 
point to them? They were of a like precious faith 
and were worthy of such respect and homage as is 
due to that which is human. Honor to whom honor 
is due. But, all and in all, we can well say, Follow 
no man farther than he follows Christ. h. b. b. 



Jan. 13, 1900. 

. ESSAYS ••«--!— 

•Study to show thyself approved unto God, a workman that ncedeth not be 
ashamed, rightly dividing the Word oi Truth." 



It is the purpose of Christianity in elevating the 
race of mankind to give both help and pleasure. 
Its divine services, when properly engaged in, are a 
respite from the worry of busy life. The public 
meeting, the greeting, the prayer, the songs, the 
reading, the sermon inspires the soul and sends a 
thrill of joy to its very depth, that has in it more of 
heaven than of earth. We feel more than repaid 
for the effort required to face the elements to bring 
us together. The place has become sacred to us. 
We come in touch with a divine power. Our finer 
feelings are stirred, and noble impulses are awak- 
ened. We feel keenly our stumblings and back- 
slidings, and deplore our weakness and sins and re- 
new our vows and feel truly that " it was good to be 
here." Through a proper use of means,, grace is 
communicated to us to carry us over the rough 
places of life. Inspiration is transient. It passes 
away with the occasion that produced it. As we 
pass into other scenes and surroundings, other feel- 
ings will take possession of us. Grace is more abid- 
ing. As the path of duty lies before us, righteous- 
ness says, Walk therein and grace will strengthen 
for the labor. 


Grace carries with it the idea of freeness — a gift. 
We will not be saved by works. This is the truth 
taught in the Word of God. It is equally true that 
we will not be saved without works. If being saved 
by grace excludes works, then we have no need of 
anything. We need no ordinances, no service, no 
means through which grace is communicated. We 
are simply saved, and no more about it. A favorite 
text to prove the grace-alone doctrine is Eph. 2: 8, 
9: " By grace are ye saved through faith; and that 
not of yourselves: it is a gift of God; not of works, 
lest any man should boast." If we stop here this is 
conclusive and settles the question. But read on; 
" For we are his workmanship, created in Christ 
Jesus unto good works which God hath before or- 
dained that we should walk in them." When the 
whole text is taken into consideration and the true 
solution given, it is clear and strong that works go 
along with grace. Note the language, "God liaih 
before ordained that we slioidd ivalk in them" This 
text should never be used except in its entirety. 
The first part alone is misleading. Taken as a 
whole, it explains itself. 

Our Savior in Luke 17: 10, gives us the true doc- 
trine of grace and works. Said he: "When ye shall 
have done all those things which are commanded 
you, say, we are unprofitable servants. We have 
done that which was our duty." If, after having 
done what we are commanded, we are unprofitable 
servants, what is it that saves us? It is grace, free 
grace. If we are unprofitable after having done our 
duty, how will we appear if we have done nothing? 

McKce's Gap, Pa. 



The Bible teaches, first, that there will be a res- 
urrection of the dead; second, that the same body 
that died will be raised, but greatly improved; third, 
that there will be different orders in the resurrec- 

The first witness we call to prove the first propo- 
sition is Job 19: 25-27. Here he says, " For I know 
that my Redeemer liveth, and that he shall stand at 
the latter day upon the earth; and though, after my 
skin, worms destroy this body, yet in my flesh shall 
I see God: whom I shall see for myself, and mine 
eyes shall behold, and not another, though my reins 
be consumed within me." Job here says, "After my 
skin, worms destroy this body, yet in my flesh I 
shall see God." How could Job see God in his 
flesh, after his body had been consumed, without a 

Daniel says, "Many of them that sleep in the 
dust of the earth shall awake, some to everlasting 
life, and some to shame and everlasting contempt." 
Dan. 12: 2. Here we have persons whose bodies 
were sleeping in the dust of the earth, persons who 
had died and by friendly hands were buried in the 
earth. These bodies will awake and come forth to 
life, or shame and contempt. 

Hosea 13: 14 says: " I will ransom them from the 
power of the grave; I will redeem them from death: 
O, death, I will be thy plagues; O grave, 1 will be 
thy destruction." 

Jesus said, " Marvel not at this: for the hour is 
coming, in which all that are in their graves shall 
hear his voice, and shall come forth: they that have 
done good, unto the resurrection of life: and they 
that have done evil, unto the resurrection of damna- 
tion." John 5: 28, 29. 

A number of other testimonies might be adduced, 
but they would only prove the same thing; and if 
these testimonies do not establish a resurrection 
more would not. But they do establish it. 

Our second proposition is that the same body 
that dies will be raised, but greatly improved. The 
question, " With what body will they come forth? " 
is an old one. See 1 Gor. 15: 35. 

Paul, in I Cor. 15: 12, 13, makes our resurrection 
depend on the resurrection of Christ. He says, 
" Now if Christ be preached that he rose from the 
dead, how say some among you that there is no 
resurrection of the dead. But if there is no resur- 
rection of the dead, then is Christ not risen." The 
conclusion is clear that our resurrection is contin- 
gent on the resurrection of Christ. That being the 
case, then with what body did Christ come forth? 
When the sisters came to anoint the body of Jesus, 
as they came near the sepulcher they saw the angel 
and their hearts began to quail; but the angel said, 
" Fear not ye: for I know that ye seek Jesus, which 
was crucified. He is not here: for he is risen, as he 
said. Come, see the place where the Lord lay." 
The sisters did not accomplish their purpose, for the 
body that they intended to anoint had arisen and 
the sepulcher was empty. 

When the disciples who had seen Jesus after his 
resurrection told Thomas, he said, " Except I shall 
see in his hands the print of his nails, and put my 
finger into the print of the nails, and thrust my 
hand into his side, I will not believe." John 20: 25. 
At their next meeting Thomas was present. Jesus 
appeared in their midst again, and knowing what 
Thomas had said he addressed himself directly to 
Thomas and said: " Reach hither thy finger, and 
behold my hands; and reach hither thy hand, and 
thrust it into my side." John 20: 27. Here we have 
the risen body of Jesus with the marks received 
when nailed to the Roman cross, and from the spear 
in the hand of the centurion, proving conclusively 
that the same body that died on the cross arose 
again. As our resurrection depends upon the resur- 
rection of Jesus and in his case the same body arose 
that died, it would be but reasonable to conclude 
that in the general resurrection the same bodies that 
" sleep in the dust shall awake." 

To the same end Paul says, " For this corruptible 
must put on incorruption, and this mortal must put 
on immortality." I Cor. 15: 53. What is "this cor- 
ruptible," or " this mortal " but the bodies we have 
in this world? And Paul says they shall put on in- 
corruption and immortality. 

Again Paul says, " Who shall change our vile 
body, that it may be fashioned like 1 unto his glorious 
body." Philpp. 3: 21. What is our vile body, but 
the body we have in this world? It is to be fash- 
ioned like his glorious body. 

Again, the same apostle says, " He that raised up 
Christ from the dead shall also quicken your mortal 
bodies by his Spirit that dwelleth in you." Rom. 8: 
ii. Here we have "mortal bocfies " and we are 
told that God will quicken them with his Spirit. 
The objector brings up the cannibal, who eats human 
flesh, where our body is consumed by another body, 
and says, " How will you separate the elements of 
these bodies and give to each body its own part or 
parts?" Well, we could not doit, but God, who 
made this world, does many things that, to us, 

vvbulri seem harder to do than separate the elements 
of these two bodies and give to each its own appro- 
priate part. 

The bodies will be greatly improved, they will be 
immortalized, made incorruptible, fashioned like 
Christ's glorious body. Paul says, in speaking of 
death and the resurrection, " It is sown in corrUp* 
tion; it is raised in ificorriiptio?i\ it is sown in dishonors 
it is raised in glory { it Is sowti in weakness! it is" 
raised fn power, it is sowh ih a natural body; it is 
raised a spiritual body." 1 Cor. 15: 42-45. 

Our next and last proposition is the order of the 
resurrection. Paul says, " As in Adam all die, even 
so in Christ shall all be made alive. But every man 
in his own order; Christ the first fruits; afterward 
they that are Christ's, at his coming." 1 Cor. 15; 
22, 23. Here Paul says, " Every man in his own 
order." The word in this connection means Com= 
pany. Christ was the first fruits, afterward they 
that are his at his coming. Those who are Christ's 
will be raised when he Comes. Paul further sayS; 
"For the Lord himself shall descend from heaven 
with a shout, with the voice of the arch-angel, and 
the trump of God: and the dead in Christ shall 
rise first." 1 Thess. 4: 16. Here we are again told 
that the dead in Christ shall rise at his coming, and 
first. This, then, is their order or company; 

Paul then speaks of those who are allVe and are 
in Christ, and says, " Then we Which are alive and re- 
malnt shall be caught up together with them in the 
clouds to meet the Lord in the air." Now, as God's 
people will be raised first, how long will they be 
raised before the rest of the dead? John says, after 
speaking of the martyred dead for Christ's sake, and 
of those who had not worshiped the beast, neither 
his image, neither had received his mark upon 
their foreheads, neither in their hands, "They lived 
and reigned with Christ a tliousand years. But the 
rest of the dead lived not again until the thousand 
years were finished." Rev. 20: 4, 5. At the expira- 
tion of this thousand years another order will come 
forth to be judged. "The sea gave up the dead 
which were in it; and death and hell delivered up 
the dead which were in them: and the^ were judged 
every man according to their works." This is the 
order of those out of Christ. 

It is said of those in the first resurrection that 
they are blessed and holy, and that the second death 
shall have no power upon them. But of those who 
come up in the last order it is said, " And death 
and hell were cast into the lake of fire. This is the 
second death." Rev. 20: 14. 

Reader, to which order will you belong? Think 
of the great gulf that separates them and decide 
this question now; to-morrow may be too late. 

Milford, hid. 


At the last Northfield conference of Christian 
workers, at which the National Christian Associa- 
tion was represented by President C. A. Blanchard, 
certain influential moneyed men went to Mr. Moody 
and told him that if he allowed the lodge question 
to be presented there he could not get money for 
his schools. The great evangelist came out on the 
platform and said that " some of you don't want the 
question of the relation between the church and the 
lodge discussed here, and you say if it is I cannot 
get money for my schools " (these schools required 
Mr. Moody to raise over per annum. — Ed,), 
" but I say, if we must sacrifice the schools or the 
truth, let the schools go." 

Like all of the prominent evangelists of our day, 
he was opposed to secret societies, and more than 
once has said: "Come out from the lodge; better one 
with God than a thousand without him." — Christian 
Cynostire for Decefnber, 


A little fellow who had his wits about him 
when the collection plate was passed round, admin- 
istered a rebuke to his mother, who, on the way 
home, was finding fault with the sermon. " Well, 
mother," he said, innocently, " what could you ex- 
pect for a penny? " 

Jan. 13, 1900. 



General Missionary 


...Tract Department. 


D. L. Miller, Illinois I S. F. Sanger, Virginia 

L. W. TBEBTR, Indiana | A. B. Barnhart, ■ Md 

John Zuck, - Iowa, 

0!*~ Address all business to General Missionary 
and Tract Committee, Elgin, Illinois. 

of the General Mission- 
ary and Tract Committee will be 
held in Elgin, 111., on Tuesday, Feb- 
ruary 13, 1900. All business for the 
Meeting should be in waiting and in 
the office of* the Committee not later 
than February 1. 


There is nothing more helpful and strength- 
ening in the battle of life than the kind words 
and humble prayers of devoted fellow-soldiers. 
None are without trial; none are exempt from 
discouragements. Even for those who, be- 
cause of their service in "holy things," are 
presumed to have a perfectly even tempera- 
ment and experience, there are days when the 
heart needs to be strengthened by " apples of 
gold" from some warm-hearted sympathizer. 

Warm-hearted? Yes, there is a marked dif- 
ference between the words 1 of encouragement 
spoken from a sense of duty and those prompt- 
ed by a feeling of sympathy. Both are 
prompted by love, — the former possibly some 
love of right or principle or custom or law, the 
latter a tender and gentle feeling for the 
struggling one to- help him along. Both sin- 
cerely mean to help. The latter seems to 
"touch the spot" and immediately encour- 
ages and strengthens,— the former leaves the 
old load there and adds more to it. 

Those who have passed through a similar 
experience are usually the best able to render 
assistance in such hours of need. Yet others 
ca)n assist most graciously if they try to put 
'..1. <_■>:, -.1-. ■■■ in "the same place, and thus seek 
to help the fainting brother. But there are 
those older in years, of a larger experience, or 
leaders in a good work, from whom many ex- 
pect the encouraging word and helpful look. 
Then, how sad that these same persons, either 
dreading some fancied impending evil, or 
being able to see only the dark side of life, 
speak discouragingly of every effort to help 
the Lord's work along! They leave a heavi- 
ness, " and instead of helping the fainting 
brother, come nearer crushing him into de- 

Notwithstanding all this, let every one re- 
joice, for the Father has promised not to per- 
mit any of his children to be tried above what 
they are able to bear, and with the temptation 
to make a way of escape for the trusting one. 
In the history of life, as one looks back over 
his own experiences on this very point, how 
prominently God's providence is manifested 
in that he provided a brother to speak the 
belping word at the opportune moment. This 
helping brother may have written the words 
hours or even days before the discouragement 
came or the discouraged one may have been 
in the very throes of bitter trial, while the 
words of sympathy and help were speeding on 
the way. Just in the nick of time they came, 
and the heart was lightened and praises went 
to God for the deliverance, 

Not unlike this are the prayers of the church 
for the missionaries on the field. When one 
comes to think that four weeks is consumed in 
carrying a letter from India or two weeks from 
Europe that may contain the news of affliction 
or discouragement, and that since the letter 
was sent plenty of time has intervened for the 
writer to have died or been overcome by the 
way, it is readily seen how out of season would 
such prayers be, if withheld until the letter 
arrives. But an all-present God provides the 
help in the hearts of those least expected, and 
succor comes when needed. 

Then let words of sympathy flow freely. 
Let words of cheer and encouragement be 

spoken on every hand. Let the workers of 
the field and all others needing friendly aid be 
continually remembered in prayer. These 
words and prayers will reach, through the 
never-failing protection of God, the desired 
hearts, and, like water to the parched ground, 
greatly refresh them, 


For the present the report of mission re- 
ceipts will appear on the last page of the Mes- 
senger, along with the advertisements. The 
purpose of this change is twofold, — first, that 
the report can be made out half a week later, 
thus bringing the acknowledgment in the 
Messenger that much closer to the time of 
the giving; second, to give more space for 
articles of a missionary nature on the mission- 
ary page. It is believed the change will be 
welcomed by every reader. 

This, then, will make room for more mis- 
sionary articles. Shall not those, both old and 
young, who are interested in missions, set their 
hearts and hands to work to prepare articles 
for the page? Shall not the readers of the 
page be permitted to read articles from the 
Reading Circle workers who are studying the 
interesting books on missions? There are 
biographies of many earnest workers that 
would be interesting to know of. There are 
reports of missionary societies. There are 
methods of giving and collecting for mission- 
ary purposes, and many kindred subjects that 
will interest every one. Let the Messenger 
for 1900 be marked by most stirring contribu- 
tions from far and near on the great mission 
interests of the church. G. B. R. 



That others may enjoy some of the good 
things that were said in connection with send- 
ing in the famine funds, the following are 
gleaned from letters on hand: 

" Truly it is work and care and toil to gather 
it (money), and we have a family of five little 
boys, all small, and only those who have ex- 
perienced this know what unceasing care and 
responsibility rest on parents, often not having 
sufficient to do as we would like. But these 
things are so faint in comparison to the glad 
' Ye have done it unto me ' that awaits God's 

" I said to my wife, 'Can't we sacrifice some 
of the apples in our cellar to help the India 
sufferers?' She said she thought we could. 
Consequently this offering," 

" Whenever people begin to give liberally, 
there are signs of life." 

" I live seven miles from one of our church- 
es and am a poor, afflicted man that has not 
done a day's work ,for twelve years. While 
reading of the starving in India I came to the 
conclusion to stay at home to-day and read my 
Bible and the dollar I would have to pay for a 
horse to- go to meeting I send to help the suf- 
fering, God's blessing go with it." 

" 1 had saved this for missionary purposes, 
but the appeal in the Messenger ought to 
reach every consecrated heart, and I do not 
think the Master will hold me to account for 
spending a part of his money this way." 

" When we become fully saved, our hearts 
and feelings go out for others. I do not have 
much, but I am glad I have the opportunity to 
do God's will." 

" I was glad, when I read the call for help in 
the Messenger, that I could help a little." 

"Surely the Spirit has been moving upon 
his people." 

" May the Lord bless it as soul food, as well 
as a relief of material needs." 

" We had intended to use this to pay a part 
of the car fare in making my wife's folks a 
visit, but we feel the money will do the Lord's 
cause more good, as well as help humanity 
and ourselves." 

A brother who is a cripple for life, depend- 
ing entirely upon others, even for the stamps 
he uses in writing his letters, says this: " The 
Lord has been very good to me in many ways. 
He has sent my stamps this fall and I truly 
believe I should send some help to aid 
in his work." 

" I hope that the Brethren here in America, 
being so richly blessed, will remember the 
starving from time to time, not only give once, 
but continue to remember them." 

"After reading about the little ones suffer- 
ing in India my least one was ready to give all 
he had and some of them would have liked to 
give more." 

" I pray the Lord to prosper my offering to 
the feeding of the hungry, the saving of souls 
and the glory of his name." 

" I give it praying that some heathen soul 
may learn to feast on heaven's manna as well 
as earthly food." g. b. r, 



A little band composed of thirteen mem- 
bers met in the Mission Home on the evening 
of Dec. 21, in council with brethren A. B. 
Barnhart and George S. Rairigh. After the nec- 
essary requirements for an elder were given 
by both brethren, we proceeded to select an 
elder for our isolated flock. The appointment 
was given to Elder Geo S. Rairigh, after which 
we reorganized the Sunday school. We have 
a good corps of officers and think that with the 
present interest we shall, with the Lord's help, 
be able to accomplish much good. 

Six months have passed since wife and I 
were called to this place to take charge of the 
mission work. To us the time has seemed 
very short, but the Lord alone knows how 
much has been accomplished in his name. 

Much has been done to make it pleasant for 
us; a church has been organized, services are 
well attended, and our little band, though few 
in number, stand united for a holy cause. 

The day school is growing in number, and 
we find it a prime factor to come in touch with 
the homes. 

Thanksgiving and Christmas services were 
well attended, the congregation being com- 
posed mainly of. the parents of the children. 
Christmas evening 146 were present. The 
mission room was filled to its limit. A collec- 
tion of S5.50 was given to start a church fund, 
making in all Sg.oo. Many are eager to give 
us support. 

The following is a report of the Mission Sun- 
day school, since July 9: General average, 73; 
amount of collection, $60.25. Out services are 
as follows: Sunday school, 10 A. M.; preach- 
ing, 11 A. M., also at 7: 30 P. M.; Bible study, 
Tuesday, 7: 30 P. M.; song service, Wednes- 
day, 7: 30 P. M.; prayer meeting, Friday, 7: 30 
P. M.; teachers' meeting, Saturday, 7:30 
P. M. 

Brethren, we earnestly beseech your prayers 
in behalf of the Brooklyn Mission. 

Dec. sS. 


A most commendable spirit has been man 
ifested among the children of a number of 
Sunday schools the past Christmas. At the 
suggestion of some one in the class they voted 
to do without their usual Christmas treat and 
send the amount to the sufferers in India. To 
older persons this may not appear as a very 
great sacrifice; but when they recall their own 
childhood appetites for sweet things, it is pos- 
sible the children have made as much of a 
sacrifice as older ones do, and in many in- 
stances much more; for theirs is a sacrifice 
indeed. Let the children be encouraged in 
this good work each year, 

A brother writes thus feelingly about the 
workers in the field: "May the good Lord 
bless them and their labor, and may they real- 
ize that although they have sacrificed home 
and friendship of loved ones, it has not been 
in vain. We know a glorious reward is await- 
ing them in the home prepared for all who are 
serving the Master." 


"The earth is the Lord's, and the fullness 

thereof." There are those who act as though 

they owned the earth and carried its fullness 

in their own pockets. 

The heathen rage in their blindness, but 
how blessed it is to have them rejoice in the 
God of their salvation! 

He who would hear good news at heaven's 
portals must be a bearer of good news on 

Inasmuch as ye did it unto the leSst of 
these my brethren, ye did it unto me." 

From the Field. 

The Missionary Messenger. 

Lanark, III., Dec. 25, 1899. 
Gen. Missionary and Tract Committee: 

Dear Brethren .-— I feel as though I ought 
to write you a few words of encouragement in 
regard to the missionary Messenger that 
has been sent to a number of persons at Lan- 
ark. During the year in one family that re- 
ceived the Messenger, one has united with 
the church, and another wants to unite. In 
another the missionary spirit seems to have 
.been planted, as the father not only insisted 
on paying for the paper, but gave me a neat 
sum and said I should send it in for mission 
work. In other families there is a warm feel- 
ing for the church, and the time seems to be 
not far distant when they will be Christ's. 

Let me congratulate you in this part of your 
noble work, as well as all other parts. It 
seems to me that a good work is being carried 
on in this way, which could hardly be done in 
any other way. The amount of good that the 
missionary Messenger is doing will only 
fully be known in eternity. 

Yours in love, 

Boyd Zuck. 

From Southern Missouri. 

As 1899 passes away and 1900 dawns upon 
us, we are made to feel the power of the text 
announced by the heavenly host, after that a 
Savior was born in the world: "Peace on 
earth, good will toward men." Surely much 
love has been manifested from above, and our 
beloved brotherhood has made vibrate the 
chord, "Glory to God in the highest." As we 
follow up the reports of all church work in its 
various departments and mark the growth of 
the spirit of the above text, and see it so ad- 
mirably manifested in all departments of the 
Gospel Messenger, and the favor with 
which it is meeting, we cannot help but think 
that altogether it is as a bride adorned for her 
husband, • 

Having now consecrated ourselves more 
fully to the work, we hope by the .help of the 
Lord and the prayers of the righteous to do 
more for the cause of Christ. 

Last night we had a soul-cheering prayer 
meeting at Whiting, Mo. The brethren and 
sisters of the East Prairie church are very zeal- 
ous, With greetings for 1900 to all, 

J. P. Eby. 
Poplar Blujf, Mo„ Jan. 1. 

From Arkansas. 

We are glad to note that the work of the 
year closes with interest generally good. Win- 
ter so far has been favorable to the work, and 
more work has been done in proportion to 
time than in any previous year for the same 
period. I meet as eager hearers here as at 
any place I ever preached. Our labors for the 
year have been blessed and we have many en- 
couragements. The most prominent thing we 
have learned from our work is, " No man hav- 
ing drunk old wine straightway desireth new; 
for he saith, The old is better." 

B. E. Kesler, 

Gainesville, Ark., Jan, 1. 

Our Prayer Meeting. 

2 Pet. 1: 12. 

For Week Ending Jan, 37. 

1. Through Faith, 2 Chron. 20: 20; Rom. 
4: 5; John 6: 28, 29; Rom. 5: 1, 2. 

2. By Whomf 2 Cor. I: 21, 22; Eph. 2: 4-10; 
Rom. 16: 25-27. 

3. On What Foundation? Ps. 40: 1-4; Eph. 
2: 19, 20; I Cor. 3: n. 

4. In Way of Sajeiy. Ps. 37: 23, 24; Rom. 8: 
35-39; Isa. 35: 8-10. 

5. In the Faith. Col. 2:6, T, Acts 16: 4. 5; 
17:11; 2 Cor. 13:5; I Cor. 16:13; Eph, 
4: 5, 13, 14, 15; 2 Tim. 4: 6, 7, 8. 

6. In Holiness. Deut. 28:9; Eph. 1:3,4; I 
Thess. 3:12, 13:1 Pet. 1:13-19; 2 Cor. 6: 

7. In Grace. Heb. 13: 9; R-O™- V- 2 4; 6: 14; 
Titus 2: il-H; 2 Pet 3: 17, 18; Eph 3:14-21. 
In Every Good Word and Work. 2 Thess. 
2: 16,^7; 2 Cor. 9:8; 1 Pet. 5: 6-1 1. 




Jan. 13, 1900. 

Notes from Our Correspondents. 

" As cold water to R thirsty soul, so is good news from a far country." 


Frultdale.— Though the inclemency of the weather and bad 
roads seemed to operate against the highest success of our 
meetings at Hudson, It!., I felt my sojourn with the Father's 
children there was profitable to me. The activity and spirit- 
uality of the little band of workers there makes work among 
them a pleasure.— fames M. Neffjan.3. 

Austin.— We reorganized our Sunday school for next quar- 
ter, by electing Bro. L. R. Nolan, superintendent, and the 
writer, assistant. All seem to be encouraged. Our prayer 
meeting seems to grow in interest. Eld. Henry Brubaker is 
expected to commence a series of meetings Jan. 13. — IV. E 

Carlisle.— Dec. ] i Bro. J. H. Neher came to us, and deliv- 
ered four able sermons. On Saturday evening we met at Bro. 
Leslie's, where thirteen members communed. On Sunday, at 
11 A. M„ Bro. Neher preached in the Baptist church in Car- 
lisle, and also in the evening, to a full house of attentive lis- 
teners.—//. /. Buechley,Jan,6. 


Colton.— Dec. 30, at 11 o'clock A. M., we met in council. 
Eld. D. A. Norcross, of Glendora, presided. Two sisters were 
received into the fold by letter. We decided to hold a series of 
meetings here this winter, and petitioned our Mission Board to 
secure for us the services of Bro. A, Hutchison.— IV. M. Piatt, 
Dec. 30. 

Covina. — This is the place of work now, and 1 am especially 
pleased to note that the members are in earnest about the 
Lord's work, showing that the cause they have espoused is one 
worthy of their attention. This adds greatly to the pleasure 
and ease with which the preacher does his work. I have been 
enjoying good health except a hoarseness, — but hope the worst 
is over. I will likely visit several of the congregations in 
Southern California, before leaving for the East. If I return 
via the southern route I will aim to leave California by the 
middle of March. We are having a very fine rain here now.— 
A. Hutchison, Jan.3. 

Lordsburg.— We met to-day in council. Eld. Wm. J. 
Thomas presided. The best of feeling prevailed. An ad- 
vance move was made in our congregation, in the formation of 
a congregational mission board, to supervise the conducting of 
mission points within the congregation. Brethren A. A. 
Neher and W. I. T. Hoover were elected as delegates to Dis- 
trict Meeting, which convenes here March 22. Bro. Hoover 
was selected as assistant moderator of our congregation. 
Two papers go to District Meeting, one on the temperance 
question, and on'e on the holding of a yearly Sunday-school 
meeting in this District. The church is getting in good work- 
ing order. Bro. Beahm's health has much improved, and he 
is now visiting with his family at Inglewood.— J. Overholtzer, 
Jan. 1. 

Los Angeles. — We held our council Dec. 30. The meeting 
was a very pleasant one. New officers for the Sunday school 
were elected for the coming year. Our school was well con- 
ducted in the past year, and the present change was only made 
because we believe in giving all a chance to work. We de- 
cided to hold a series of Bible meetings in the near future. — L. 


Drury.— Bro. Jacob Delp, of Pearl City, III., came to us Dec. 
23, and commenced meetings the same eveniDg, continuing un- 
til Dec. 27. He held five meetings with good interest, and left 
another appointment for Jan. 20. Bro. Wm. Eisenbise was 
here Nov. 25, and preached three sermons that were well re- 
ceived. We trust we may have meetings once a month before 
long. — George Girl, Dec. 2Q. 

Silver Creek. — Two more were added to the church here by 
baptism Dec. 21 and one reclaimed Dec. 14. This makes four 
received by baptism during this month. — Nelson Shirk, Mount 
Morris, III., Jan. j. 


Anderson.— Bro. Jacob Swoveland, of the Beech Grove con- 
gregation, preached at this place Sunday and Sunday evening, 
Dec. 24. The past quarter has been a very successful one in 
our Sunday school. Bro. Allred Roof was elected superinten- 
dent for the ensuing quarter. Our preaching services are well 
attended.—/. S. Altdredge, 1612 Cincinnati Ave., Jan. 6. 

Arcadia— Bro. Calvin Eiler began a series of meetings in 
this church Dec. 23, and continued until Dec. 31. He preached 
twelve good sermons. Our brother gave us many good ad- 
monitions. While there were no additions to the church, we 
believe much good seed was sown. We have an interesting 
Sunday school this winter. Bro. Elias Smeltzer is our superin- 
tendent. This is the first year we tried to have an evergreen 
Sunday school. — Sarah Kinder, Jan. /. 

Bethel.- Bro. Levi Winklebleck, of Hartford City, began a 
series of meetings for us on Nov. 26 and continued until Dec. 
23. The attendance was small a few evenings on account of 
the inclemency of the weather, but the interest was very "good 
during the entire meetings. Not only were the members 
greatly built up but nine souls accepted Christ. We have 
singing at our church twice a week, and Sunday school every 
Sunday morning. We intend keeping our school going 
through the winter. We reorganized the school last Sunday. 
Bro. Eugene Marshall was re-elected superintendent. Nearly 

all the officers of the school are young people, who take a 
great interest in the welfare of the school. — Ida L. Smith, 
Hartford City, Ind.,Jan. 2. 

Goshen. — I held a series of meetings near Hepton, Ind., in 
a union house, with good interest. The different denomina- 
tions make it a bad place to work. Since my return home one 
has applied for baptism.—/. H. Miller, Jan. 8. 

Middle Fork. — We held our quarterly council yesterday. 
One letter was granted. We donated S4.75 for India sufferers. 
We had a good meeting.— John E. Metsger, Edna Mills, Ind., 
Dec. 2Q. 

Pleasant Valley. — I commenced a series of meetings in 
this church Dec. 2. and closed with a fair attendance and one 
applicant. This congregation has no resident elder. Bro. 
Chester Shrock, during his life was a father to the little flock. 
Bro. Levi Hoke, of Goshen, Ind., has charge of the church, but 
should live among the members to do good work.—/. H. Mil- 
ler, Goshen, Ind., Jan. j. 

Sidney. — We just closed a series of meetings at the West 
house in the Eel River church, Ind. Good interest; baptized 
one. — Daniel Snell, Dec. 2Q. 

Yellow River.— Last night closed a two weeks' series of 
meetings at this place, conducted by Eld. J. H. Wright. The 
members were encouraged to press onward. The India suf- 
ferers were remembered by a Christmas offering of S3.43. — 
Rose Shively, In-wood, Ind., Jan, 3. 

Bethlehem.— Bro. P. S. Miller, of Roanoke City, held sever- 
al meetings for us. Sixteen sermons were preached. Three 
came out on the Lord's side; others seemed very much im- 
pressed. Two were bapt'?.ed on Wednesday after the meet- 
ings closed. We had good meetings. — Martha C. Peters, Tac- 
cio, Va., Jan. 6. 

Crooked Creek.— Eld. Abraham Wolf began a series of 
meetings Dec. 2, and continued till Dec. 10. On account of the 
inclemency of the weather we thought best to close. — Sarah 
A. Burger, Keoia, Iowa, J an. 6. 

Grundy County. — The following is the report of Grundy 
County church for the year ending Dec. 31, 1899. Elder 
elected in charge of this church, Bro. Samuel Bowser. Se- 
ries of meetings held, 2; members received by baptism, 24; 
by letter, 5; reclaimed, 2; total 31. Members to whom letters 
were granted, 3; dismissed, 2; no deaths; total, 5. Gain during 
the year, 26. Present membership, about 150, with two elders, 
six ministers and nine deacons. All seem to labor for the 
advancement of the cause of Christ. — Alda S. Albright, El- 
dora, Iowa, Jan. 1. 

Grundy County.— Our evergreen Sunday school was re- 
cently reorganized, with Bro. Harry Sheller, superintendent, 
and Bro. Peter Albright, assistant. As our lessons are taken 
from the life of Christ, we expect to have a very interesting 
school. Feb. 5, Bro. ]. Henry Showalter, of West Milton, 
Ohio, will be with us, to instruct a class in vocal music for two 
weeks or more.— Alda E. Albright, Eldora, Iowa, Jan. 8. 

Kingsley.— Our Bible term of eleven days, held at the 
West churchhouse, closed yesterday. Bro. A. P. Blough, of 
Waterloo, conducted the work. The lessons were both inter- 
esting and profitable to all present. — Phoebe Fojt, Pierson, 
Iowa, Jan. 6. 

Mallard. — Bro. W. H. Lichty, of Waterloo, Iowa, came to us 
Dec, 9 and gave us fourteen interesting, instructive and en- 
couraging sermons. Each evening, before preaching he gave 
us half-hour Bible readings. All these services strengthened 
our faith. Some seemed almost persuaded. —E, C. Whitmer, 
Jan. 2. 

Rock Grove. — Bro. Jesse Ralston, of Sheldon, Iowa, came 
to us Dec. 23, and stayed till the 30th, conducting a Bible 
Normal. Our Sunday school was reorganized with Bro. Jos. 
Huffman as superintendent. Bro. S. A. Honberger, formerly 
of Barron, Wis., resides here now, and that gives us services 
every Sunday. — Nellie G. Beaver, Nora Springs, Iowa, Jan. /. 


Lyons. — Dec. 3, Bro. I. H. Crist came to us and conducted 
a two weeks' series of meetings. During the time he preached 
sixteen profitable sermons.— Sadie Dresher, Jan. 3. 

Pleasant View.— Brethren John Garber and George Bishop, 
of the Mission Board, came to us Dec. 30, but, on account of 
cold and stormy weather, we did not have any meeting. — 
Clara Hartzog, Long Island, Kans., Dec. 31. 

Pleasant View.— We met in quarterly council Dec. 30. All 
business passed off nicely. Brethren Dickey and Vaniman, of 
McPherson, were present during the council. Bro. Dickey re- 
mained with us over Sunday and preached two sermons. Our 
love feast will be held May 12. Sunday school officers were 
chosen for the coming year. Bro. W. Cline was re-elected as 
our superintendent.— Lena B. Keedy, Booth, Kans., Jan. j. 

Ramon.'i. — Sister Bertha Ryan visited our little church here 
at Ramona and gave us several interesting talks about the far 
away India land. Her first talk was about the famine that is 
prevailing in that part of this great world. Afterwards she 
told us about the customs and privileges of the people of that 
land. We all enjoyed her talks very much and would like to 
haye her come and make us a visit again some time. We 
surely feel very grateful to her. After her first talk a collec- 
tion of Si 4.42 was taken up to help alleviate the suffering in 
the famine district, — S. J. Strickler, Jan. 3. 


Carthage. — We met Jan. 3, preparatory to the baptizing of a 
dear sister. Those present were made to rejoice when two 
more cast their lot with the children of God. — N. Oren, Jan. 5. 

Mound City.— Our council was held on Saturday before 
Thanksgiving Day. Everything passed off nicely. On 
Thanksgiving Day we had services. We collected S23 for the 
poor. Bro. Sam Shirkey held a three weeks' series of meet- 
ings for us, laboring very hard. On Christmas Day we had 
services at the church. Bro. L. H. Eby gave us a very inter- 
esting sermon. We also reorganized our evergreen Sunday 
school for the coming year.—/. C. Blanton,Jan,3. 

Kidder.— Our quarterly council was held Dec. 6. Eld. W. 
C. Hipes presided. The meeting was a pleasant one. One 
letter of membership was read. We elected our church offi- 
cers for the year and also reorganized our Sunday school for 
six months, by electing Bro. D. M. Miller, superintendent. — 
We expect Bro. D. L. Miller fo be with us about Jan. 26, to 
give Bible Land talks.— Thad. B. Sell, Jan. 8. 

Arcadia. — Bro. D. H. Forney came to us Dec. 28, and com- 
menced a series of meetings on New Year's evening at a place 
where the Brethren had never preached yet. The house is- 
well filled. We have good interest and attention. Bro. J. G. 
Kilhefner conducts the song service. — L. M. Ross, Jan.j. 

Wood River. — At the mission house in Kearney, Nebr., we 
began our Bible lessons on Christmas Day, and continued them 
until Saturday evening. Bro. Edward Frantz, of McPherson, 
Kans., was our instructor. While the attendance was not so 
large, on account of the inclement weather, yet the interest 
manifested was one of commendation. We feel that the les- 
sons that have been taught will help us very much in our 
future work, especially in the study of our coming Sunday 
school lessons. We only pray that the few lessons given us 
by Bro. Frantz will create within us a deeper interest to search 
out the precious truths hidden in God's Word. — Lottie P. 
Snavely, Kearney, Nebr.,Jan. z. 

Salem. — Bro. John C. Woodie came to us Dec. 23, and be- 
gan a series of meetings the 24th. He has been preaching al- 
most every day and every night since. Thus far we have one 
applicant for membership. On New Year's Day he conducted 
a mest impressive children's meeting. We expect him to re- 
main among us yet a week or two. — C. R. Faw, Jan. 3. 
Bear Creek.— Dec. 24, the Bear Creek church collected 
S33.20 for the India sufferers. The sum of $19.91, which the 
intermediate and primary Sunday-school classes raised during 
the summer for mission work was added, making a total of 
S53.20 for India sufferers.—; Josiah Eby, Jap. /. j 

Casstown. — We have just passed through an interesting 
series of meetings, conducted by Bro. J. M. Mohler, of Harris- 
burg, Pa. He came to this place Dec. 18 and began preach- 
ing the same evening. He closed Dec. 31. Five dear 
souls were received by baptism. We have two other appli- 
cants. The preaching was practical, searching, sound, and 
directed to our needs.— C. M. Weddle.Jan. 2. 

Donnel's Creek. — At our quarterly council, Dec. 28, Bro. 
and sister Arnold, of West Virginia, were received by letter 
Bro. Barnhart, one of our ministers, is conducting a singing- 
class at the church. Bro. Garver is to begin services in New 
Carlisle Jan. 6. Bro. Hillery is expected to be with us at the 
country house in February.— Emma Wine, North Hampton, 
Ohio, Jan. 1. 

Eagle Creek.— Our church recently met in council. All 
business was pleasantly adjusted. We decided to hold our 
lovefeast on Saturday previous to the Annual Meeting, June 2. 
Our next series of meetings will be held December, 1000. Our 
Sunday school continues with good interest. Our Wednesday 
evening prayer meetings are a source of rich blessings, and 
the outline topics of the Messenger a great help— Chas. A. 
Bame, Vanburen, Ohio, Jan. 2. 

Hickory Grove. — Dec. 25 Bro. Moberman began a Bible 
school here. It continued until Dec. 30, closing with good in- 
terest and increasing attendance. All were spiritually 
strengthened.— Vinnie A. Filbrun, Brandt, Ohio, Jan. 1. 

Palestine.— Last night, Dec. 30, closed a series of meetings 
held by Bro. George Mohler, at the West Branch house with 
one accession. The meetings began Dec. 16. During this 
time nineteen sermons were preached, which were much ap- 
preciated. — Daniel Bailsman, Baker, Ohio, Jan. 1. 

Smithville.— The Bible institute held hereby Bro. E. S. 
Young, was a decided success. The class was not as large as 
it might have been, but it was characterized by earnest work. 
Bro. Young, in his class work as well as in his evening dis- 
courses, kept constantly leading toward a higher life. Two 
young sisters confessed Christ and were baptized Dec. 21. 
The school here is moving along nicely with an attendance of 
sixty-four.— James Murray, Dec. 30. 

Springfield.— On the evening of Dec. 25, this congregation 
commenced a series of meetings conducted by Eld. Noah 
Longanecker, of Hartville, Ohio. He closed last evening. 
The members were much edified — Jacob Mishler, Mogadore, 
Ohio, fan. 1. 

Upper Twin.— Siuce last report we have had two series of 
meetings, one by Bro. Wike and one by Bro. Jno. H. Brum- 
baugh. Three were baptized and the church in general en- 
couraged. We expect one more meeting yet this winter at the 
Wheatville house,—//, M. Barwick, Eaton, Ohio, Jan.3. 

Jan. 13. '9°o. 


Wolf Creek — Eld. D. L. Miller gave us aweek's labor, com- 
mencing Dec. 11. Large audiences appreciated his "talks" 
and sermons.— John Calvin Bright, Jan. 1. 


Tonkawa.— Our elder, W. B. Sell, came here Dec. 29 and 
preached seven sermons. We are thankful that our home 
mission board is remembering us, as we have a large field 
here, and many more calls than we can fill. As this is a new 
country it requires much earnest labor to get people to ac- 
cept Christ with the whole Gospel. We contemplate going to 
Bro. J. D. Fisher's, twenty-eight miles south of here, to hold 
some meetings.—/. 5. Masterson, Jan. 6. 

Rogue River Valley.— We are in love and union and we 
have fine prospects for our future success. We have about 
seventy members, three elders, four ministers in thesecond de- 
gree and one in the first. There is labor for all and as many 
more. For thirty miles back in these mountains there is no 
preaching. Hundreds of children are growing up without 
hearing a sermon preached. My husband is the only minister 
for thirty or forty miles eastward from here. Much good 
might be done had we the proper help to live out the Brethren 
faith. Many know something of our people in the East and 
feel glad to see a brother. Any brother who wants to come 
West and help work for the Master can find here a large field, 
a good country and a mild climate.— Maggie Moomavj, Eagle 
Point, Oregon, Jan. I. 

Altoona.-Bro. H. A. Stahl, of Glade, Pa„ is now engaged 
in a protracted meeting in our church. He preached his first 
sermon on last evening. The spirit of the Lord seems to be 
with us.—D. S. Brallier, 213 Seventh Avenue, Jan. 3. 

Berkley — Bro. J. M. Blough, of Stanton Mills, Pa., began a 
series of meetings here Dec. 22. He preached twelve soul- 
cheering sermons. Seven made the good confession, five were 
baptized in the icy water; and two were reclaimed. Good at- 
tendance and the best of attention characterized the meetings 
from first to last. The members have been much strength- 
ened and encouraged.— E. C. Shumaker.Jan. 2. 

Boiling Spring — Bro. Shroyer came here Dec. 19, and we 
are now in the midst of an interesting meeting. — A. M. Zol- 
linger, Allen, Pa., Dec. 20. 

Chiques.— The church received through the year 1899 fifty- 
six members; by letter, 14; by baptism, 36; reclaimed, 6. We 
lost 38 members; by dismissing, 4; by death, 13; by letter, 2t. 
March 27, 1899, the church elected brethren Samuel B. Fahne- 
stock and John H Kline to the deacon's office. Dec. 25, 1899, 
Samuel B. Fahnestock was elected as minister. Bro. Samuel' 
1 H ' H 5 rtzler was advanced to the second degree of the ministry 
\ at tha*««t council. We now have one elder, four ministers in 
the secohd degree, and one in the first, and eight deacons.- 
Henry S. Zug, Masiersonville, Pa., Jan. 2. 

Clover Creek.-Bro. J. H. Beer, of Rockton, Pa., came to 
the Clover Creek church Dec. 8, and began a series of meet- 
mgs the same evening in the Clover Creek house. He 
preached in all, twenty-one sound, Scriptural sermons, which 
were much appreciated by the members.— J. G. Mock, Mar- 
tilisburg. Pa., Jan. 2. 

Harrlsburg.-During December I preached nine sermons 
gave two Bible talks, attended two children's meetings, five 
prayer meetings, five Sunday schools. The average attend- 
ance at Sunday school was sixty two. We made thirty-two 
pastoral visits, baptized one, received one by letter. I walked 
about one hundred miles.— H. A. Spanogle, 13/3 North Street 
Jan. 2. 

Lower Cumberland.-Bro. Reuben Shroyer, of Canton, 

Ohio, began a series of meetings in the Presbyterian church 
at Hogestown, Pa„ Dec. 4, and closed Dec. 19, preaching 
eighteen sermons. God's children were built up, and sinners 
warned. Bro. Shroyer faithfully preached the Word. Two 
were received by baptism, others seem near the kingdom. 
Atlendance was very good, with best attention.— Dessie M. 
tcigler, Carlisle Springs, Pa., Jan. I. 

Alt. Pleasant — The quarterly council of the Jacob's Creek 
congregation met in the M t. Joy house yesterday. Bro. Abram 
Summy presided. Considerable business was transacted. 
We decided to hold the next Ministerial Meeting at this place 
some time next fall. We elected a District Mission Treasurer 
and a Foreign Mission Treasurer for the ensuing year, Our 
Sunday school was reorganized to-day, by electing Bro. David 
Whipkey, superintendent. We intend to have an evergreen 
Sunday school, if at all possible.— F. B. Myers, Dec. 31. 

Newvllle.— Bro. B. F. Kittinger commenced a series of meet- 
'ngs Dec. 18, in the Center meetinghouse, closing Dec. 28, after 
Preaching ten sermons. These meetings were well attended, 
'specially by other denominations, and great interest was 
taken.- Tillie C. Casper, Jan. 21. 

RWge.— A week's meetings were held at the Ridge house, 
and very interesting sermons delivered by three of our home 
™,stry, Henry Etter, D. B. Wineman and J. D. Games. 

ne attendance was good and quite an interest manifested. 
, common mistake, however, was made— we closed just when 
ne church and people were interested and ready for work — 
r°- C. Burkholder, Newburg, Pa., Jan. r. 

Sprlngvllle.-Three were added to the church by baptism, 
... * resuU °f a series of meetings held at Mt. Airy. Our 
nird series of meetings will be held at Lincoln, commencing 
I n - '3, to be conducted by Bro. Michael Haldeman, of Pine 

ove ' Pa -— Aaron It. Gibbet, Ephrata, Pa., Jan. j. 

Yellow Creek.-On Sunday last, William J. Swigart of 
Huntingdon, preached the dedicatory sermon at our new church 
house. He did it to the satisfaction of all. We had a good 
attendance considering the unfavorable weather.—/) Steele 
Jan. 4. 


Manvel.-Our council convened Dec. 16. Our Sunday 
school officers were .lected for the coming year. Three have 
been baptized since last report and one reclaimed. Thanks- 
giving services were conducted by Bro. Morton Peters Col- 
lection for the India sufferers, S13.40. Sister Cora Moore was 
elected corresponding secretary for the coming year.-Etnma 
T. Marchand, Manvel, Texas, Dec. 23. 


Mt. Solon.-Dec. 31, Bro. E. D. Kendig preached a mis- 
stonary sermon for us. We were richly fed from the Word of 
God by the good lesson that our brother presented to us - 
Mary C.Mills, Jan. 2. 

Peter's Creek.-Dec. 3, Bro. P. S. Miller, of Roanoke City 
began a series of meetings at the above-named place. He 
preached seventeen excellent sermons. An an immediate re- 
sult one came out on the Lord's side. The meeting did much 
to build up the church spiritually, and encourage the members 
on their journey heavenward.— D. C. Naffjan. 4, 

Sunnyside.-Bro. J. U. G. Stiverson commenced meetings 
at the Outlook schoolhouse on the evening of Dec. 5, and con- 
tinued until the evening of Dec. 14, preaching eleven discours- 
es, mostly doctrinal. Interest and attendance were good. 
Five sisters were received by baptism. When Bro. Stiverson 
left us, Bro. D. B. Eby took up the work and preached seven 
more discourses, closing with two more applicants for baptism. 
Most of the above are heads of families and are worthy 
people of the neighborhood. Since we have organized in Au- 
gust, we have received eight by baptism. We now have 
twenty five resident members.— Maude Miller, Dec. 23, 


Allegheny — Dec. 23 this church met in council. Bro. Wil- 
lie Cosner was forwarded to the second degree of the ministry. 
Brethren Frank Nine and Raphael Baker were ordained to the 
eldership. Elders Jonas Fike, of Eglon, and J. Chas. Frantz, 
ofLaureldale were with us.— T. Ezra George, Bismark, W. 
Va., Dec. 23. 


Barron — At our council, Dec. 30, Elders C. P. Rowland and 
H. C. Baker were present. Matters were pleasantly adjusted 
and a good spirit prevailed. Friday evening Bro. Baker 
preached for us. Saturday evening Bro. Rowland gave us 
one of his well-prepared sermons. On Lord's Day morning we 
had a children's meeting, and in the evening Bro. Rowland 
again preached. The Brethren left us on Monday for their 
homes. Bro. Rowland will return Jan. 4 and conduct for us a 
series of meetings. At our council the writer was chosen cor- 
responding secretary.— V. P. Wassam.Jan. 1. 

Mission Board of Northeastern Kansas. 

The Mission Board of the Northeastern District of Kansas 
met in quarterly session in Overbrook at the home of Bro. S 
M. Miller. All the members were present but one. Since our 
last meeting our District evangelist reports thirty sermons 
and four baptisms. The work at the State prison is still kept 
11a T , he IJ Bre,hren *=" "joy the Gospel Messenger. 
tlder 1. H . Crist gives a good report from Kansas City Mis- 
sion. Since April 1 there have been sixty-one preaching serv- 
ices, thirty-six prayer meetings, three councils, two love feasts 
three baptized and several are near the kingdom Eld C I 
Hooper who is to be our District evangelist for this year, com^ 
menced his work Jan. 1. We desire to make this one of the 
best years m our mission work, and in order to do this we must 
have the assistance of every member in the District The 
Treasurer of our District is Geo. A. Fishburn, Overbrook 
Kans., to whom all funds for the Home Mission work should 

be ""'.' „ J- W. Mosiek, Secretary. 

Mcrtden, Kans., Jan. 4. 

Death of Solomon W. Kauffman. 


" Write what thou seest, and send It unto the churches." 

Bro. Kauffman, a minister of the Lost Creek congregation 
died at his home two miles west of East Salem, Juniata Coun- 
ty, Pa. The end came on the morning of Dec. 23. His last 
illness was of about two weeks' duration. Bro. Kauffman's 
health had been failing for a year or more, and death came as 
the result of general constitutional debility. 

Bro. Kauffman was born July 22, 1827, in Juniata County 
He was the son of Abraham and Hannah Kauffman, who had 
a family of seven children. He married Miss Mary Musser of 
the same County in 1857. They were both reared in the Meu- 
nonite faith, but joined the Brethren church at the same time 
soon after their marriage. In less than a year he was called 
to the ministry of the Gospel and served his congregation 
about forty years. 

This union was blest with thirteen children. Three died in 
infancy. The remaining ten, of whom nine survive their de- 
ceased father, grew to manhood and womanhood. 

Bro. Kauffman was a teacher in the public schools in his 
young manhood. He then moved on a farm and devoted his 
time to his family and to the interests of the church. 

Bro. Kauffman lived a long and a useful life. He was great- 
ly beloved as a father, minister and neighbor, and when he 
had lived beyond the allotted time of man's life, he laid down 
the armor of his Lord as a faithful and valiant soldier, and 
peacefully closed his life to earthly scenes. The influence of 
his life's labors yet lives in the hearts of those who loved him, 
just as the cheerful rays of a glorious sunset sweetly linger yet 
awhile among the hills and vales of earth. 

Services at the Mennonite churchhouse Dec. 26. Interment 
in the burying grounds adjoining, where his wife was buried 
about twenty years ago. Bro. Christian Winey, assisted by 
Elder Andrew Bashor, officiated. D. C. Reber 

8»~Church News solicited tor this Department. II you have had a good 
meeting, send a report ol it, so that others may rejoice with you. In writing 
give name of church, county and state. Be brlei. Notes ol Travel should be 
as brief as possible. Land or other advertisements are not solicited lor this 
department. Our a dvertising columns afford ample room lor lhat purpose. 

The Bible Term In Back Creek Church, Pa. 

A special Bible term will be held at the Brandt meeting- 
bouse, commencing Jan. 29, to continue one week. Bro. J. 
Kurtz Miller is to conduct it. All those interested in Bible 
study are invited to be with us. Emma Miller. 

Mercersburg, Pa., Jan. 3. 


That we need to be more spiritually minded is very evident 
when we examine closely the meaning of the term, and then 
turn the picture to ourselves. "To be carnally minded is 
death, but to be spiritually minded is life and peace." Rom 

It should be the determination of every child of God, each 
day he lives, to become more spiritually minded. " Grow in 
grace." 2 Pet. 3: 18. 

The question naturally arises. How may we have more of 
the Spirit? We suggest: 

1. Let the minister be thoroughly Christed and consecrated. 
Then let him study well the Word of God, and then let him 
pour forth upon his hearers the great spiritual truths contained 

2. Let everything possible be done to keep the members as 
near to Jesus as possible, by such means as Sunday schools, 
prayer meetings, family worship, and the like, that the Holy 
Ghost may have full control of our hearts. 

3. The pastoral visit, we believe, acts as a wonderful stimu- 
lus for good. The only trouble is such visits are too far 

4. The Messenger is a potent factor for good, and should 
be read by every brother and sister in the Brotherhood. 

Now, as the New Year is upon us let us take courage and ask 
God each day we live to help us to be more spiritually minded, 
and to work more and more for the blessed Master. 

R. T. Akeks. 

The lola Mission and Hospital. 

A urief visit to lola, Kans., recently, made the writer ac- 
quainted with the following facts concerning the important 
work by the faithful at that place: 

Under the direction of Bro. Gressem and wife the first ses- 
sion of the Sunday school was held in lola in May of 1809. 
Since that time the school has continued. An application 
was made to the District for a missionary to be placed there, 
and Sister Mary Wine, of Nevada, Mo., was called. This sis- 
ter has taken hold of the work and spent nearly three months 
at it. The preliminary labors of starting- a mission have been 
well done. The City Council and many of the peoplehave be- 
come interested. 

lola is a city of about 5,000 inhabitants and is on a fair way 
to become one of the largest cities of Southern Kansas. With 
natural gas as a source of fuel and light, the city is sure to 
have a rapid growth. The location and operation of a great 
many manufactories there render a hospital for the sick and 
wounded a necessity, hence, in response to the repeated, urg- 
ent request of the City Council, a hospital of sufficient size for 
the present has been arranged for. The City has expressed a 
willingness to donate at least $150 to defray a part of the ex- 
pense, and donations have already been made to the amount 
of over S200 for furnishing the building. The soliciting has 
merely begun, and will be continued. The new hospital, 
known as " The Dunkard Hospital," is to open Jan. 15, under 
the auspices of the mission, with Bro. W. H. Miller as superin- 
tendent and Sister Zoa Gressem, assistant. It is designed that 
the very poor shall be treated free, or as near this as possible, 
and those who are sent there by societies, the County or City, 
will be charged the regular prices. The physician called 
shall be the one of the patient's choice. The members in the 
city are awake to the work and at a recent two-weeks' series of 
meetings, conducted by Bro. Miller, two were added to the 
number by baptism, 

This field, in my humble judgment, should receive the 
hearty co-operation of all the brethren and sisters of the Dis- 
trict, for the prospects are fair and the establishing of a hospi- 
tal is a work much needed. It is confidently expected that the 
several congregations of the District will provide the clothing, 
bedding, etc., for the equipment of the hospital, hence let the 
matter be taken hold of at once and much good be done for 
the Master's cause. Bro. Miller moves to lola by the fifteenth 
and takes direct oversight of the mission and the starting of 
the Hospital. J. z. Gilbert. 

Plallsburg, Mo., Jan. 4. 



Jan. 13, 1900. 

Public Prayers. 

WHAT is the objec, of public prayers? I be. Y , gener 
ally understood .ha. .he one who prays in publ c . ; expect d 
to direct .he minds, and .0 promp. .he feelings o ^he People, 
so as .0 pu, .hem J™** — "in dl.ion 

and make your congregation happy. A. Hutch.son. 

Baptism for the Dead. 

Juniata Bible Term.-Jan. 20 to Feb. 23- 

THE following is a condensed outline of the course of study 
that will be offered. Write us fo, complete program 

, A Synoptical Study of the Books of the Old Testament. 

2. Exegesis-Letter to the Hebrews. 

,. Elocution-Bible and Hymn Reading; Parable Work^ 

4 New Testament Synopsis. Each book will be studied, its 
historical setting noted, followed by an analysis of the book. 

( /WiM-The nature and structure of Hebrew poetry w.ll 
be presented. The Psalms will be studied according to author- 
ship group and division; also exegetically and historically, 
with' a view of making their teaching practical. 

6. The Development of Christ's Ministry. 

7. The Preacher and his Sermon. 

8. Studies in the Minor Prophets. 


no. a. .11? why K. th« the" ^P«'» d '"' "" d "<" C S * 

II ill dill mil ■"» — -J - 

1 . i-.r h„«hand who was in an unsaved state. She became 

save her departed husband. . 

T was asked my mind on this Scripture and whether I 
thought it could be V so. 1 answered that if that could be .here 
would be no need of anyone being lost. The most co d-b ood- 
Td murderer could be redeemed from his heinous cnmes A 
1 ould kill a score or more and be hanged or his cnm* 
and .hen some friend of his could be bapmed for him. How 
absurd such teaching! 

Well, I have been asked by more than one what tb.sScr.p- 
,«« means, for it seems with some .0 be a Scripture difficu 
to understand. Paul is speaking of the resurrection. There 
wasase of people called the Sadducees, .ha. was teaching 
rbaUherewou^L no resnrrec.ion of .he dead, .ha. the sou 
of man is material like the body, and .ha, there ,s no other 
spirit besides God; hence there would be no resurrection Paul 
was arguing the question. He had been teaching that they 
must pu. on Christ in baptism and must be bapmed into Jesus 
Christ, into his death, etc. See Rom. 6; 3,4,5- 

Christ had died and was buried, and we must honor his death 
by dying with him and because he is dead we must be bapmed 
tor the dead (Christ). This is the idea I gather. But 1 Chris. 
snot raised, why be bapmed in honor ,0 him? It would a a 
nothing This is the argument. But he is risen, and ,t « 
proved be so, for Paul saw him, and Cephas saw him, and 
aTl ne apos.les saw him; besides, he was seen of above fiv 
hundred brethren at once. So Paul would say, the resurrection 
is sure, brethren. Christ has become .he firs, fruits of them 
ha, slept. So continue .0 baptize for the dead and resurrected 
Jesus. We are baptized for the remission of sins and in honor 
to Christ. , . . , 

1 don't believe, as I heard a Baptist minister preach a few 
days ago. He said the man that teaches that baptism is for 
remission of sins and that a man can't be saved without bap- 
tism is preaching a damnable doctrine. Shame on such erro- 
neous .eaching. It is a curse to .he world and .he churches 
Paul says " Let God be true, and every man a bar. God s 
Word is truth, and the truth must prevail. We must preach 
the truth and a part of the truth is " repent and be baptized 
for the remission of sins." T. A. Rob.nson. 

Redfield, Kam. , . 

From Washington, D. C. 

The following leclnres will be given by Bro. M. G. Brum- 
^Higher Criticism-Its Use and Abuse.-Monday evening, 

h l'. The Doctrine of Electinn-or Arminianism vs. Calvinism. 
—Tuesday evening, Jan. 30, 7 P. M. 

3 The Church in Sgciety.— Wednesday evening, Jan. 31. 

4 The Church in the State.-Monday evening, Feb. 5. 
< The Church in Education.-Tuesday evening, Feb. 6 
6 The Church in Civilization.-Wednesday evening, Feb. 7. 
Talks on John's Gospel will be given on the above dates at 

4: M P.M. 

On Thursday and Friday evenings, Feb. 8 and 9, and 15 and 
,6, there will be talks on Bible Land in connection with stere- 
opticon views, by the writer. 

During the first part of the term there will be a number of 
doctrinal sermons by members of the Advisory Committee and 
others who are expected to be with us. In the evenings of the 
last two weeks there will be evangelistic sermons by Bro. J. A. 
Long, of York, Pa. 

Sunday School Days; Saturday, Feb. 3, l:3° P- M. to 3130; 
Saturday, Feb. 10; Tuesday, Feb. 20. 
Mission Day, Saturday, Feb .7. 

To make this Bible Term the best one yet held, we are mak- 
ing unusual prepara.ions and are sparing no efforts to make „ 
interesting and profitable to those who may come. And be- 
cause of the great need of all our people doing more careful 
Bible study we expect a large attendance. Every minister and 
Bible teacher and student should come if possible, at leas,, 
par. of the time. Everybody is invited and w.ll be welcome 

Thai we may be able .0 make the necessary accommoda- 
tions for board, rooms, etc., we will be glad to hear rom those 
coming as soon as convenient. No charge made tor tuition, 
bu , fo E r room rent and board write for terms as«,I asfcr a 
complete program. 

Huntingdon, Pa. 

Death of Eld. John Tipton Mason. 

Bro. Mason was born in Eastern Tennessee May 12, .837. 
Here he grew to manhood and married. In 1870 he moved 
with his family to Newton County, Mo. In 187S he and his 
wife united with the Brethren. Prior, to this he was a member 
of the " Missionary Baptists." In 187c, he was called to the 
ministry and in 1S83 he was ordained to the eldership. After 
his connection with the Brethren he held two public discus- 
sions -one with a Disciple Minister in Newton County, Mo.; 
the other with a " Missionary Baptist " in Douglas County, Mo. 
He ably defended the truth. 

In 18S7 he moved with his family to Texas County, Mo., 
where he lived and labored in the service of God until his 
death which occurred Dec. 19, 1899, after suffering for three 
months with Bright's disease. Towards the last h.s suffering 
was intense but he bore it all patiently. Soon in his sickness 
he called for the elders and was anointed. In his death the 
family has lost a dear and loving husband and father, the 
church a faithful elder and an able minister, and the commun- 
ilya good citizen. His wife and children survivehim. Sheand 
two of the children are members of the church. Services by 
the Brethren in the presence of a large assembly of sympath.z- 

... J. J. Troxel. 

ing friends. J J 

Annual Bible Term. 

To-day has been one full of interest. Bro. Holl.nger, in 
his morning talk, pointed us back to view the year that is 
now closing. As we glanced backward through the year ,899 
we felt that an improvement might be made, could we live 
over some days. This be.rg impossible we began to seriously 
plan for deeper devotion in the year 1000. Bro. G. G. Leh- 
mer of Pennsylvania, was with us and in his sermon a. night 
asked us to glance forward and consecrate our lives more ful- 
ly to God's service. May we always remember the impression 

made. ... . ,. a 

Some of our dear sisters have shown their interest in the 
work here by sending clothing and bed comforters. One sis- 
ter writes: " Do not pu, my name in the Messenger. She 
did not give to have praise of men. We appreciate what oth- 
ers do for us and know Gud will reward according to the mo- 

Martha Click. 
205 B SI., N. E., Dec. 31. 

THE Special Bible Term of McPherson College will begin 
January 30, .900. and continue two weeks. 

Some have said they would like to attend one of our Bible 
Terms when Bro. D. L. Miller will be with us ™ e , "l „, 
,0 say .ha. we have secured his services for the first week of 
he Term. His course of illus.ra.ed lectures will cover some 
of his more recent travels in Bible Lands and elsewhere 

Sister Bertha Ryan will also give several evening addresses 
on Mission Work in India, during the second week of the 

Term. . . . 

Bro Edward Frantz, will give a very instrucuve and inspir- 
ing address on " How to Study the Bible. ' 

On Monday, February 5, there will be a Sunday-school 
meeting Other special sessions to be held are: Mission Ses- 
sion Ministerial Session, and Educational Session. 

Please inform us if you are coming, that suitable arrange 
ments may be made. Write for price of board. ^ ^^ 

Strangers in Church. 

As we were passing through one of our large cities, recently, 
we stopped ,0 remain over night with a friend who had former- 
ly been a near neighbor. Our friend being away from home, 
we were thrown among strangers for hospitality. Our train 
had gone on and no others were going till next day. As we 
were walking leisurely along, pondering how we had better 
spend the evening, we noticed not far distant a church build- 
ing where religious services were being held. We at once 
concluded to attend these services. Being an entire slranger 
it was with qui.e a degree of timidity that we entered the door. 
We were promptly welcomed to a seat in the midst of the con- 
gregation. A song book being handed us we gladly accepted _ 
the invitation to join in the singing, which was congregational 
and very good. Some of the hymns were familiar to us, and as 
the strains of music rang through the congregation our mem- 
ory was carried back to Ihat endearing congregation at home, 
2,500 miles away, with whom we had so many times joined in 

After the services we were met by quite a number of mem- 
bers including the pastor, all of whom greeted us with a kind 
word of welcome and an invitation to come again. We were 
even remembered in their prayers. While we cannot, from a 
Bible standpoint, accept all the principles and form! ,of . 0/- 
fhip oMbese people, ye. we cannc, ho.p bu. a'dmire .he.r zeal 
and treatment of strangers. 

How about some of us when our neighbors or friends or even 
strangers find their way into our sanctuaries? Do we ever per- 
mil them to take leave without giving tbem a kind word? We 
should not. If the congregation is large and we cannot speak 
all we had better omit Bro. A and other members who are 
strong in the faith than to omit that discouraged brother or 
that neighbor or friend or that stranger who seldom comes to 
church While it is generally expected that the minister and 
other church officials act promptly in this matter, yet all labor- 
ers for the Master should take an active part ,n this line of 
Christian work. A little improvement in this way w.ll be a 
ereal help to our ministers in their efforts .0 mduce sinners to 
greai ue,p yj MINNICHi 

accept Christ. 

Gleudora, Cat. , 


Which Do You Want To Be? 

Short Articles. 

Spicy articles are all in demand. In reading the Messen- 
ger I look over the short articles first. They are in demand, 
Writing for the paper is like preaching a sermon. It wants to 
be tailed dmvn. We should be careful not to write until we 
have something to write, and then be sure to write it in such a 
way lhat the reader can grasp the idea. J. H. Miller. 

Goshen, Ind. 

In the Mountains of Tennessee. 

DEC. 26, accompanied by Bro. J. H. Argabrigh., we left our 
homes to visit a little band of members who reside at Bay 
Mountain. After traveling about twenty miles we arrived at 
Bro W.S.Ledbetter's, who lives in a small valley between 
,„o mountains, about two miles from the little church which 
they have erected on a little mound, where we met the next 
day for worship. We preached eight sermons to a very a.ten- 
tive audience. 

As an immediate result one young man applied for baptism 
Two or three others, who had left the church and a tached 
themselves to another organization, wished to be reclaimed 
One of them said he had come to the conclusion that he could 
not be saved without obedience to the words of eternal truth. 
Dec. 3. we started home. While on that trip, the weather 
was very unfavorable. About two inches of snow fell Dec 27, 
and the mercury reached six degrees below zero, which is 
very cold for this country. With all that the brethren and sis- 
ters are to be commended for their zeal. They would come 
from one to three miles across the hills and valleys and hard- 
ly miss a meeting. Some of them were very thinly clad, ye 
seemed to be greatly encouraged. I commend their great 

, S. H. GARI1ER. 

Jomstoro, Tinn., Jan. 1. 

We sometimes dispose of cases by comparison. I notice in 
mv travels that in almost every congregation there are mem- 
bers who move along smoothly, yet they have an eye single to 
,h best interest of the Lord's cause, and put forth their bes 

Sorts ,0 make the Lords vine grow. They "»«?'«* 
church any trouble. They have .he confidence and good will 
of "heir acquaintances. And then there are others who seem 
°o have no concern for the church. Instead of he ping along 
with the Lord's work, they have to be looked after by the 
church. They seem to want their own way in everything. The 
outside people speak unfavorably of them. 

Now which do you wan, ,0 be? The diligent are happy 
here lust as the Lord wants us all to be. And they will be 
na'pW there, when ,hey receive .he crown of £»££•? 

be workers. 

— ■ » 

"Gospel Messenger" No. 51. 

The closing number of the Messenger for 1899 is here. A 
capital number. No number is perfect, because neither con 
tnbutor nor editor is perfect. But No. 5 l is rich ,n great 
ruths that need .0 be impressed with the very emphasis « the 
Holy Ghost. The editor's brief section, -Sp.rUual Culture 
on page 809 is a gem, and should be memorized and exempli- 
fied bv every brother and sister in the Fraternity. 

What are we without the reality which the ordinances sym- 
bo ize? Whitened packers. I. is spirituality that ayes 
The ordinances typify this fact, and announce £»££»£ 
which we stand to God and the world. The ordinances are 
beauWully represented, and the life must be beaut, u, I, icor- 
respondent. Amen and Amen. C. H. Balsbaugh. 

Jan. 13, 1900. 



" Best Hymns, No. 2," is the title of a collec 
tion of songs published by the Evangelical 
publishing Co., Chicago (25 cents). The pub- 
lishers have hit upon a new and attractive 
idea. The book contains the portraits and 
brief biographical sketches of eighteen of the 
modern, best known religious song writers. 
This adds much to the interest of the book. 
The selection of songs seems to be good. 

"Jesus Washing the Feet of his Apostles," is 
the title of a very fine picture (price 50 cents) 
that is being sent out by C. W. Sowl, Cumber- 
land, Md. It is about 16 x 22 inches, and will 
make a very fine wall picture. If people will 
have wall pictures let them have those that 
signify something. This one shows the Master 
washing the feet of his apostles, and is doubt- 
less a very fair representation of what oc- 
curred in the upper room in Jerusalem, save 
that there is no supper on the table. The 
record says, " He riseth from supper." 

McClurt's Magazine (New York), for Janu- 
ary, contains another, and the second chapter 
on "The Life of the Master." This is still 
more interesting than the former chapter, 
and is better illustrated. Should the interest 
continue as it has been shown so far, this will 
prove to be the most fascinating and instruc- 
tive " Life of Christ " yet published. The illus- 
trations are made by an artist who visited the 

seen these sacred places, as your editor has, 
realizes how much may be gained from a work 

that gives reliable information. This article and whi ' e ban .S in £ U P a lantern above a man- 
alone is worth the price of the Magazine. ?" bls foot sli PP ed ' His fall caused internal 

" The Great Physician, and His Power to 
Heal," by E. E. Byrum, Gospel Trumpet Pub- 
lishing Co., publishers, Moundsville, W. Va„ 
cloth, 50 cents. The subject of faith healing 
is treated in a very fair manner, the author 
placing special emphasis on the importance 
of anointing the sick with oil in the name of 
the Lord, as directed by Jesus. While we can 
not accept the views of the writer in full, still 
we ppUtpunce it a very instructive little work. 

Holy Land for this purpose, and one who has '°' ,8 "' Jobn Roy Harrison , aged 18 years, 3 
seen these sacred places, as your editor has months and " da ys. The death was a sad 

IS: 35 to end of chapter. s. H. Baker. 

DAVIS.— In the Raven Run congregation, 
Bedford Co., Pa., Dec. 16, 1809, William A. 
Davis, aged 67 years, 7 months and 10 days. 
The deceased was a member of the Progress- 
ive Brethren. Services by Bro. S. I. Brum- 
baugh, from Isaiah 32: 3. 

G. H. Dilling. 

DURBIN.— In the Silver Creek church, 
Ohio, Dec. 20, 1809, Sister Elvira Durbin, nee 
Teeter, aged 00 years and 8 months. She was 
born in Knox County, Ohio, April 20, 1839. 
She was married to W. H. Durbin, April 11, 
1861. To this union were born one daughter 
and one son. The daughter died some years 
ago. Sister Durbin was a widow for a number 
of years. She united with the Brethren church 
in 1882, and lived faithful till death. Services 
at Pioneer by Eld. J. W. Keiser. 

Della Landis Long. 

CINDER— In the bounds of the Beech 
Grove church, Ind., Dec. 14, 1899, Rosa Alma 
Ginder, aged 3 years, 3 months and 12 days. 
Services by J. S. McCarty. E. O. Norris. 

HARRISON.— Near Monitor, Kans., Dec. 
John Roy Harrison, aged 18 years, 3 

one. Roy went to the barn in the morning 
and while hanging up a lantern above a man 


and thereby obtained a warm feeling for the cy Spitler. She was baptized a few days be 
Brethren church. Ltzzis F„«,™,, fore she dled . she , ea P „ es a *ZZI ,1 

__ brothers, three sisters and a mother. Services 
.. Mrs. Berlin, aged 79 years and 1 month. by Eld ' Jeremiah Gump. C. K. Zumbrun 
She was born in Germany, Nov. 19, 1820. She 
was united in marriage to Mr. Berlin. Aug. 29, 
1847. To them were born one daughter and 
one son. Services by the writer from 1 Cor. 

MILLER.-In the £el River congregation, 
Ind., Dec. 19, 1899, of dropsy, Sister Mary Ann 
Miller, wife of John W. Miller, deceased, aged 
77 years, 11 months and 19 days. She was the 
mother of ten children, eight of whom are still 
living. All are members of the Brethren 
church. She united with the Brethren church 
early in life and lived faithful to her holy call- 
ing until death. She was one of the pioneers 
of the old Eel River church, and one of its 
members when it was yet in its infancy, Serv- 
ices from Mark 14: 8 by Bro. Wm. Neal, assist- 
ed by Eld. Leckrone. C. C. Arnold. 

MOSS.— Near Fredric, Iowa, Dec. 27, 1899, 
of typhoid fever, Sister Louisa Moss, wife of 
Bro. Aaron'Moss, aged 47 years. She made 
peace with her God in early life, and never 
faltered in her steadfastness. She was a 
strong advocate of plainness. She leaves an 
aged husband and one young daughter. Serv- 
ices by Bro. H. Berkman. 

Willis Rodabaugh. 

MYERS.— In Waynesboro, Pa„ Dec. 21, 
1809, of consumption, Sister Carrie Myers, 
aged 23 years, 3 months and 2 days. She is 
survived by a husband, three brothers and 
three sisters. Services by Bro. Jacob Snider 
and Bro. C. R. Oellig. 

Sudie M. Wingert. 

^MATmM O N I A L -^^ 

"What therefore God hath joined together, let not 
n put asunder." 

PLUM-POWELL.-At the home of the 
bride's parents, Pine Creek, Ogle Co., 111., Nov. 
22, 1809, Mr. John Plum and Miss Pearl Pow- 
e "' John Hegkman. 

GOOD— McCLEARY.-At the home of the 
bride's parents, by the undersigned, Mr. New- 
ton S. Good and Miss Eva F. McCleary, all of 
Franklin County, Pa. Wm. C. Koontz. 

BUSHMAN-BENEDICT.-By the under- 
signed, at his residence, Dec. 26, 1899, Mr. 
John C. Bushman and Miss Rose E. Benedict 
all of Franklin County, Pa. 

Wm. c Koontz. 

dence of the bride's father, in Greene, Iowa, 
Dec. 28, 1899, by the writer, Bro. Isaac M. 
Forney, of Pine Creek, 111., and Sister Mamie 
E. Eikenberry, of Greene, Iowa. 

Harvey Eikenberry. 

SHIRK-RYAN.-At the residence of the 
bride's parents, Brother and Sister J. S. Ryan 
near Alvo, Nebr., Dec. 27, 1899, by the under- 
signed, Bro. Frank M. Shirk, of Lincolnville, 
Kans., and Sister Zuletta Ryan, of Alvo, Nebr. 
J. L. Snavely. 

ZOOK-KEGARICE.-At the residence of 
the bride, near Booth, Reno Co., Kans., Dec. 
'9. 1899, Jacob J. Zook and Hannah Kegarice. 
Enoch Eby. 


BALL.— Near Ladue, Mo., Dec. 20, 1899, of 
a complication of diseases, friend John Ball, 
aged 42 years, 2 months and 17 days. He 
eaves a wife and five small children to mourn 
"« loss of a kind husband and father. De- 
eased was a native of England, belonged to 
tQ e Estabhshed Church of England. Of late 

injuries and death in about ten days after. 
Services by the undersigned, from John 9: 4. 
J. J. Yoder. 
HOOVER.— In the Romine church, Marion 
Co., III., Dec. 21, 1899, David Hoover, aged 71 
years, 6 months and 12 days. He was born in 
Montgomery County, Ohio. In 1849 he was 
married to Eliza Jane Millman. To this union 
were born one son and two daughters. The 
son, one daughter and wife survive. He 
moved to Clinton County, Ind., in i860, where 
he united with the Brethren church. From 
there he came to Marion County, 111. Services 
by the writer from Rev. 22: 12. 

S. S. Fouts. 
HORNER.— In the Plymouth church, Ind., 
Dec. 29, 1899, Larrie Ray Horner, son of Mr. 
and Mrs. Elias Horner, aged 10 years, 11 
months and 10 days. Interment in the Pyr- 
mont cemetery. Services by Bro. L. T. Hol- 
singer from Jer. 10: 20. Mary Swartz. 

HOUTZ.— In Elkhart, Ind., Nov. 9, 1899, of 
consumption. Sister Tilla E. Houtz, nee Wilt- 
fong, aged 40 years, 3 months and 7 days. She 
united with the church when young, and lived 
a model Christian life, She leaves a husband 
and a daughter two years old, a mother, two 
brothers and three sisters to mourn their loss. 
Services by brethren Amsey Puterbaugh and 
P. B. Fitzwater in Elkhart. 

Mary A. Wiltfong. 
KETLER.— In the Richland church, Rich- 
land Co., Ohio, Dec. 21, 1899, Sister Sarah A. 
Ketler, aged 61 years, 3 months and 27 days. 
She leaves a kind husband and three children. 
Six preceded her to the grave. Services by 
Bro. Wm. Dessenberg from Rev. 14: 13. 

Clara L, Wolf. 
LAYMAN.— In the Shannon congregation, 
III., Dec. 23, 1809, Elizabeth Cowen Layman, 
aged 58 years, n months and 23 days. The 
deceased had a cancer removed about one 
year ago, and recovered so as to attend to her 
household duties. The cancer, however, again 
developed, so that, for the past few months, 
she has been a constant sufferer. She bore her 
afflictions with Christian patience. She leaves 
a loving husband (Sam. Layman), a son, three 
brothers and two sisters. The church loses a 
faithful and consistent member. Services by 
the writer and Eld. F. Myers. 

D. Rowland. 

NEARHOOF. — In the Warrior's Mark 
church, Pa., Dec. 17, 1899, Sister Catharine 
Nearhoof, widow of Jacob Nearhoof, aged 93 
years and 17 days. She was a member of the 
Brethren church for sixty-five years and her 
entire life was highly exemplary. Several 
children survive. She was buried in the Near 
hoof cemetery. Services at the Warrior'* 
Mark church by the writer and Eld. S. S. Gray, 
W. S. Long. 

RIDENOUR. — In the Topeka church, 
Kans., Dec. 17, 1899, of heart trouble, Mary 
Ridenour, aged 61 years, 2 months and 15 days. 
Sister Ridenour united with the church about 
six years ago and lived a consistent member 
ever since. She had been a great sufferer dur- 
ing much of her life. Her companion, Bro. 
Ridenour, preceded her three months ago. 
She leaves four daughters and one son. Sister 
Ridenour was born in Union County, Ind., 
Oct. 2, 1838. Services from Rev. 22: 12. 

C. J. Hooper. 

RITCHIE.— In the bounds of the Green- 
mount church, Va., Dec. 16, 1899, of pneumo- 
nia, Charles Samuel, son of Brother Benjamin 
and Sister Hannah M. Ritchie, aged 10 months 
and six days. Services at the Cherry Grove 
church by the writer. Eld. I. C. Myers. 

SHIVELY.— In theNappanee congregation, 
Elkhart Co., Ind., Nov. 21, 1809, Elder Geo. B. 
Shively, aged 50 years, 9 months and 11 days. 
He was in excellent health up to within a few 
days of his death, when he took erysipelas in 
the nose which spread rapidly and soon ter- 
minated his earthly existence. Bro. Shively 
leaves a wife, one son and two daughters, an 
aged father and mother (Eld. David Shively 
and wife) and one brother. Bro. Shively was a 
member of the church for over thirty years and 
served in the ministry for quite a number of 
years. Services in the Nappanee church and 
also at Stony Point church, eight miles south 
of Nappanee in the neighborhood where Bro. 
Shively was raised. J. c. Murray 

SMITH.- In the bounds of the Topeka 
church, Kans., Dec. 17, 1899, Earl Smith, son 
of Brother and Sister A. J. Smith, aged 4 years, 
4 months and 9 days. Text, 1 Peter 1: 24. 

C. J. Hooper. 

Church Directory, 

mlted to three lints Icr cities of 30,000 or over. 

~VORK.PA.-Cor. Belvidere Ave. and KineSt S«-«, 
ke?. Sunday. 10 A. M„ 7 p MS S A m . c„ c 
ice.oP.M.rPr.vcrM^tmAed^yirVo^M 56 "- 
kS U 1 o C ,L E A 1N M D 'T Cor p J ^ ks0 c n and Council St. &„. 

Keadipg. Thursday. 7; » P. Si ' 3 ' M " Bible 

M^T»r. M.!shC.. , A.M" li '' 1 " S '- S """'' ■■ *■ 
BALTIMORE. MD.-Soull, Baltimore Mission ..«« 

KcadiuE Room. Seandlnavlao meeting,, Friday 8 P M 
DECATUR Hall. uo 3 , „o S N 

St. S. S, .0 A. M., preacWn,. 11 A. M„ 7: 30 ¥ M 

Meeting. Wednesday eieotai; ™" ' " A ' M ' ; Pr "»" 

DAYTON, OHIO -CollegeSt. iS ,0, Aye. (West Sidel 

S. S„ 9: 30 A. M.: Praver serylee, 6: 3 o P. M., Preachinri; 


s.. 9: 30 a. m.: ; 

JMS A. M.,7:3oP.„. 

BALTIMORE. MD. - Northwest Baltimore Minion 
Lor. PressLinai, .„„] ( .,]],,,„„ M s cil ' , ,a ' 

A. M. 8 P. M.; Bible Class, Wednesday. Tp b JJ ""' " : '" 

DENVER, COLO -Cor. \V utl, W anH 'i„,i *. 
|-S^o AM, Preaching. „ A.' iCPraye, "flee m e Vt 
P. M. Take west-bonndLarlme, Cable, off at Irilfi 

DES MOINES, IOWA-,606 E. Lion St S S ,0 A 

„ i"\y C ,5 STE i^ I'A.-Charlotte St. near Lemon S S 
p A M^B, P b!o C 15eX £ ^edls3.i>, P '^ S° e5 "' f " ' 
.HARRISBURG. PA.-Brethren Chanel, Cor.o.l.Ht, 

tiait,t(lx;uv»U, r/1. UL _ 

me I St. acid rlaehnlen Ave S "s" m a \i". p™^"""' 

A. M.. r. 30 P. M.t P.aye, U Meeii,g. , W^„esJ,?e, eSt," 

CaVo hL Hh U < e™ N 's E C -p C °'T" "" S "°" »»<" "»«» 
U 5 «KmF, H ' , MO -M<»'l«S every Sunday a't to- 30 A 

si 1 ; 4 a a v a fflsfip: fa S M -; d 3o p's a k- 

ble Reading, 6; 30; Praye, Meeting, W.d„e,'di° ,S§ M 

"- ice R , EA o°io N S: F , A ;7 c I l > u P d ' M s, -s' ,c r am 7't s ?" : 

Services at the Warrior's K«'<llog.~ Wednesday eyen'in'grPraycr Me'eUni. Frid?^'" 

,» ..,..;..,- 1 T7u o e- ^.._. BROOKLYN MISSION, N. V.—ivn id A™ s « , 

A. M: preaching ,, A M„ ,; 30 P. M™tfiblc ™„d?,T»'«E 
day; Singing. Wednesday; Prayer meeting, Friday 

ALTOONA PA.-Cor. 6th Aye. and Filth St, S S 
M.; Prayer meeting, Wednesday, 7: 45 R M '- ur . 

KANSAS CITY. KANS.-Corne, Central Aye. and ,th 
!r'me S efe A h„'r,d. P y' e »*p'.'Sf:' ,A ' M -'' : « P ' "■' "«• 

LOS ANGELES, CAL.^,36 S. Hancock St.. East Los 
Angeles. Seryicei. 11 A. M.. ;: 30 P. M.: S. S .10 A It 

MONTREAL, CANADA. -no Delorimier iye ' near 
St. Catherine. Services. 5. S-. 1 , A ! 'Sole Class ,p 
M, preaching. 7 P. M, prayer mee,i„g.Wed„,d»" Ee'g 

YORK. PA -East York Mission, East Market StreeV 
Services each Sunday. "'■ 


A Weekly Paper of 16 Pages, good illus- 
trations, wide-awake articles, interesting 
for young and old. 



Reading Circle. 
Higher Life. 

Young People's Meetings. 
Sunday School Helps. 

Bible Schools. 


Below are given two premiums offered with the paper, 

but send at once lor siiintile copy, giving a large list oi 

premiums to select from, as well as to see the character 

and quality of the paper. Do so now. 

Vest Pocket S.S. Commentary on Lessons for 
11)00. Just the book ior busy people, pointed, 
spiritual, helpiul; bound in cloth, price asc, with 

the Pilot, the two f 


h e had h 7 J r , ? t " n e land - 0f late aged 31 years, 7 months and 3 days. She wa: 
°een reading the Gospel Messenger | the daughter of Brother Jacob and Sister Nan 

LICEY.— In the Richland church, Oh._, 
Dec. 12, 1899, Bro. Licey. He leaves a sorrow- 
ing wife and three children. Services by Bro 
A. Heastand. Clara L. Wolf. 

McCLAIN.— In the Columbia City church, 
Ind., Nov, 27, 1809, Sister Ida A. McClain, 
aged 31 years, 7 months and 3 days. She was 

SMITH.— In the Upper Deer Creek church, 
Cass Co., Ind., Nov. 1, 1809, Sister Lydia Smith, 
aged about 82 years. She was married to 
Jacob Smith Feb. 2, 1838, moved to Delaware 
County, Ind., in 1843. where they remained six 
years. In 1849 they removed to Cass County, 
Ind. Her husband preceded her to the spirit 
world twenty-four years. She was the mother 
of eight children, four of whom died in child 
hood. She was a devoted member of the 
Brethren church for about fifty-nine years. 
Services by Bro. A. G. Crosswhite and the 
writer. W. S. Toney, 

STARNS. -Within the bounds of the Tope- 
ka church, Kans., Dec. 24, 1899, of diphtheria, 
Harry Stams, (grandson of the writer), aged 3 
years, 8 months and 1 day. He was sick only 
a few days. He was taken to.Sabetha for 
burial, Bro. R. A. Voder conducting the serv. 
ices from Matt. 18: 3. C. J. Hooper. 

Normal Lesson Helps on the Life of Christ.- 
By C. E. Arnold. Bound in cloth, a^c, with the 

Pilot, the two lor $1.00 


22 and 14 S. State St. Elgin. 111. 

...JUST THE... 

Writing Tablet 

You Have Been 
Looking For... 

You Write on One Side, a Pointed 
Tract on the Other. 

Sixteen Different Tracts 

s put up in a tablet of 96 sheets, good blotter, 

so arranged that a letter oi 10 pages must be written 

betote th 

s a repetition oi a tract.' 

Per tablet, 16 oent3- 

Perdozeu, prepaid, ..... $1.60, 

aa and u S. State St. . Elgin. Ill 


Jan. 13, 1900. 


161 si 

Financial Reports. 

Mission Receipts from Dec. 30. i80P. to 
Jan. 6, 1900. 


tmM , . A ... $10,026 =S 

Previously reported. ■ ■ • 

PA.-Su»an and Annie S. Bcchtel. Grafton 
$2.40: Joel Gnagcy, Moyersdale. *3i Summit 
Mills cong.. U.75; G. W, Kephart, Altoona, U; 
David G. Wells. Spring City. $1.20: Abram and 
Solomon Fackler. Union Deposit $lSi B* 
Swatara cong.. S20; J. J. Bechtel. Ycrkes. «..«. notice. W. C. Koontz, %r, m«rtaV> 
notice, W. G. Schrock, So cents; S. 5. Lint. 
Meyersdale. Jo; M. C. Horner. Meyersdale, $6: 
I T Myers. Oaks, in cents; D. G. Hendricks, 
Chester. S.o; Jamei Womcldorl. so cents; 
Joseph T.Emiucrt, Waynesboro. hjOi Indian 
Creek cong.. $23.10, Coventry cone, $20. J. J. 
Oiler. Waynesboro, S30; D. F. Shumaker, Rock- 
wood, S3; brother and sister, Scalp Level, 56, 
Isaac B. Replogle, New Enterprise. Si; Abram 
Sollenberger. New Enterprise. *..*>; C.L. 
Buck. New Enterprise, (3! S. ]. Bowser. Somer- 
set. Si; total. " " " 

Ind -F D F and Heltie Shcncman, North 
Liberiy. *2. j. L. Minnick. Eaton. $3; Emm 
Garver. Goshen. So cents; Benjamin Hazel, Mid- 
dlebury. St.aS; J- C. Wampler, Dublin, so cents; 
Henry Ncft, New Paris, $2; Catherine Bowman, 
Hagerstown, |i;H. and Amanda Hoover Lcese- 
burg. K. MelvinD.NelT, Millord, l.o; Levi S. 
Dilliug. Hagerstown. ti; Amanda Widow. Si; 
EliSchrock. Middlebury, $1.2$; Amos F. Cripe, 
Middlebury. Si; 5. W. Hoover. Middlebury. So 
cents; Harriet L. Cripe. Middlebury, $1; Susan 
Scluock, Middlebury. Hi Christian and Su- 
san Schrock. Middlebury. US; David Nlhart, 
Middlebury. S° cents; S. D. and Lina Ston- 
er. Ladoga, i». Isaac Fisher. Denver. 1 1. So; 
B F Shili, Darlington, do cents; J. K. Uine, 
Markle. $6; S. F. Cripe. Middlebury. 7S cents; 
Lanal. Hess. Goshen. So cents; Eli Roose, Wak- 
arusa U A G. LautzcnhUer, N. Manchester. 
(4 So; Henry Dilling. Hagerstown, $1; Boter and 
Mary Bales. Sio; Amos Eliaburger's S. S. class. 
Cambridge City, fetf Levi Stump. Llgonier. 
$10- 1 W. Whitehead. Millord, $3; A. L. Miller. 
Denver. J4.S0; John S. Kauffman. Ayr. so cents; 
Moses Wise. Wakarusa, so cents; James Hltne- 
leek. Denver, #1.50; Pyrmont S.S., $2.60; Mrs. 

Oilie Ringler. Nappance, $6; total . 1* 

IOWA.-Franklin County cong., ll.iSi b,hz- 
abeth Watts. Truro, tl.W. C. S. McNutt, Adel. 
Si ao; U. S. Blough, Waterloo. I4; I. D. Trostle, 
Pierson,; Susanna Pinkcrton. Waterloo, $S; 
Abbie Miller. Waterloo, $5; H. and E. 
Shelter, lvester. »5l U. 5. Blough, Waterloo. 
Si io- A J- Lichty, Waterloo. $6; Abram 
Ebersole, Dallas Center.; W. C. Leh- 
man. Kingsley, S6; Mrs. Anna Flory, jNorth 
English, S1.S0; D. W. Garber. North English, 
Si So- C. A. Shook, Greene, S6; Samuel Fike, 
Waterloo, S6; Elizabeth B, Albright. Eldora, 
Ss- Alda E. Albright. Eldora, $2.50; Jas. 
Keffer, New Virginia. S2; S.T.Long, S. Eng- 
lish, $5: primer class oi Harlan S. S.. S1.70; 
Harlan Sunday school, S1.02; D. Niswon- 
ger S. English, $3; J. F. Eikenberry. Greene, 
Si So- John Fike, Calvin, $6; Elizabeth Eiken- 
berry. Greene.Si.5o; H. F. Maust, Strnble.S7.So; 
John G. Flechner, Garrison, $6; H. E. Sliicr, 
Ivester. S10; A. E. Bonesteel, Shellsburg, Si; 

total ■ ' ' " 

Ohio -J. Leckrone. Challants. Si. So; D. E. 
and E Gerber. Canton, $3; Catherine Kelser, 
Pleasant Home. $3; John Marshall, Brookville. 
Suo; Nancy Heilraan, Nova, So cents; Wm. 
Klepmger, Dayton. S3; Mary E. Rinehart's 
class. West Cairo. $10.20; J. B. and Mary 
Rinehart. $2.50; Lydia Wertz. Friendsville. $1.50; 
J. H. Rinehart, Union, Si. 10; George Shidter, 
Ashland, Si: Woll Creek cong., S1.2S; Eli Nis- 
wonger, Pitsburg. S1.20; Noah Fryman, Pits- 
burg. S1.20; Sadie Wertz, Friendsville, Si; Geo. 
A Hall. BatdorS. |; Elizabeth Souder, Lat- 
tasburg. Si.SOi W. H. Folkerth. Union, $1.20; 
Margaret A. Miller. Horaerville. 50 cents; Har- 
vey Fuller, Oakwood. 30 cents; Joseph S. Robin- 
son. Carey, Si: John Snyder, deceased. Belle- 
fontaine, 2.40; Jacob and Christ. Leedy. Lima, 
Sio-J. R. Spacht. New Stark. $20; David Bren- 
ner. Pyrmont. S1.20; Lick Creek cong.. S4.1S; 
a lew scholars of the Lick Creek S. S., $4.85; 
John L. and Margaret Dohner, Union. $2.40; 

Isaac Brumbaugh, Hartville, S10; total 

Ill— Edm.andEliz. Forney. Pine Creek, So; 
Sisters' Aid Society, Pine Creek, U. Via* Creek 
cong.. S8.68; Barbara Shirk, Mt. Morris-, $3-So; 
Etta Shirk, Mt. Morris, I1.50; John Fricdly. Mt. 
Morris, SS: a brother, Mt. Morris, (5; D. Bar- 
rick. Byron. $S, Jacob Barrick, Lanark, $s; 
OkawS.S.. Sig; Jennie S. Harlcy. Mt. Morris, 
Siao- Phil H. Graybill, Polo, |i.»i marriage 
notice. John Heckman. so cents; marriage 
notice, A. L. Bingaman, S° cents: James H. 

Wirt, Viiden.Sio; total 

MD.-Jonas E. Flook. Broad Run, $1.30; 
Bush Creek cong. S6.78; Lydia Yost, Grautsville, 
S4.S0; J- S. Hershberger, Grantsville, $18.50; H. 

J. Hutchinson. Cordova. S3S: total 

KANSAS.-Marriage notice. E. Eby, 50 cents; 
Benj. Forney, Abilene,; marriage notice, 
C.E. Arnold. So cents. Brazilton cong.. 61 cents; 

P. E. Sowers. Dunlap.Si2; total 

FLA.-Pine Grove cong., S12; Margaret Baker, 

Kcuka, Si; total. 

Nebr.-D. G. Couser. Rokeby. $1.20; marriage 
notice, Urias Shick, Socent*;J. W. Miller, Carle- 
ton, So; S. Beatrice cong.. S3.4S; njarriage notice, 
J.L. Snavely. So cents; total 

S 00 

1 25 

o,? 29 52 

VA— D. S. Roller, New Market, S3; J. M. 
Brown, Bakcrsville. Sa.40; Mrs. Joseph Crist, 
New Market, so cents; J. M. Garber, Knightly. 
Ji ao- Lethe A. Liskcy, Harrisonburg.; 
John S. Flory. Bridgewater.Si.So; Lizzie Show- 
alter, Rockingham,; D. Saylor Neff. 
Quicksburg, $1.50; Bettie Good ; Millers School. 

S1.S0; total ?..... ■ • - 

Mo -A brother, Rockingham, 50 cents : u - t ' 
Fox, Kidder,; K. A. Orr. Turney.; 

Warrensburg cong., S4 as; total -. - ■ 

Oregon— Coquille Valley cong 

CAL.-John and Louisa Priser. Hemet. Si-So; 

I. N. H. Beahn, Lordsburg, Si. 5°: total 

Ark— A brother. Gainesville 

N. DAK.-Marriagc notice. A. H. Hawbaker, 
50 cents; Joseph L. Myers.; total,. 

Colo— Monte Vista cong 

W. Va.— J. F. Ross. Simpson 

Okla.— Marriage notice, A. J.Detrick, . . - 
UNKNOWN.-Marriage notice, Harvey Iken- 


Sio.734 Sa 
Less Anna Schroyer, returned, .... $2.00 
Transferred to Wash'n Meetinghouse, . 3-°° 
Total for year, beginning April 1, 1890- ■ - ! 

Previously reported ■ ' 5 ' 31 7 ° 

Pa— G. W. Kephart, Altoona, 

Total lor year beginning April. 1809 Si 33 26 


[A house In Washington is greatly needed In order that 
the church there may do more effectual work and have 
the advantage ol a permanent house. More funds to fin- 
ish the house are needed. J 
Previously reported, * 2 ' 8s ° " 

lLL.-Cerrogordo S. S ■ ■ - M 6 ' 

Md— Minnie E. Kline. Smithbarg, Si. 30; H.J. 
Hutchinson. Cordova, S10; total " 3» 

Iowa,— David Brallier. Greenville, S3; a broth- 
er and sister, Marathon, $3; total. 6 °° 

NEBR.-Sisters' Aid Society of S. Beatrice cong., S 00 

Ohio. - Margaret A. Miller. Hornerville. 50 
cents; David Fultz, Rushville, S350: total ... 4 00 

PA.-A sister. Philadelphia, Si; Mrs. Mary M. 

Attick, Mechanicsburg, 25 cents: total ' 2 '~> 

Total for year beginning April, 1899,. . . .52,89269 

Previously reported «46a 0.6 

Kansas.— Kansas Centre cong., $20.75; Pleasant 
View S. S„ $8.24; I. N. Sowers, Dunlap, SS: total, . 
Ohio— Three classes oi Pine Creek S. S.. . . 
W. Va.— Juvenile Class. Pleasant View S. S., , ■ 
Mo.— Infant class of Kidder cong., S1.S8; a sis- 
ter, ol Kidder cong., $12,00; total i3 58 

Pa.— G. W. Kephart, Altoona, Si. 50; S. J. Bow- 
ser, Somerset, Si; total 2 5° 

,-W.S.Ramer, Dickens, $1; Greene cong. 

S.S.S2.4S; total. 3 4S 

Md.— Two children of Sunnyside 25 

Total lor year beginning April, 1899 $504 m 


Previously reported 

Ill— A sister Irom Shannon cong., 

Total lor year beginning April, 1 


Previously reported, 

-$999 69 
. 3°o 

■ S372 

6 32 
5 00 

KANSAS.-Coilectlon at Lost Springs, alter Ber 

tha Ryan's talk 

Colo— St. Vrain corfg., ■ • 

III.— A sister irom Shannon cong , $2; Okav 

S. S., S2.20; total, - - • - - 

PA.— G. W. Kephart. Altoona, Si; S. J. Bowser 

Somerset, Si; total 

Idaho.-G. W. Fansler. Bellevue j 

Total for year beginning April, 1899 $390 60 

[Two years ago lamine devastated Indla^ Thousand: 

■ is \inon the nnlortiji.-" 
fears aeo Brethren and friends responded liberally 

rive greater assistance than before? Every cent sent 
in will be lorwarded direct to the missionaries oi the 
Brethren church in India.J 

Previously reported * I2 -340 48 

Pa.— Mrs Sarah M. Attick, Mechanicsburg. 
20 cents; a brother and sister, Resmont, $5: J. G. 
Refer, Centerport. 30 cents; A. C. Shoemaker, 
Putneyvllle, 60 cents; Huntingdon S. S.. $5; 
Huntingdon cong., $23-3o. Whatsoever Band, 
Huntingdon cong,. SS; Young People's mission- 
ary meeting. Huntingdon cong., $6.50; Bechtel 
School of Penn township. Huntingdon cong., 
51.70; Little Orphans, at the Home. Free Will 
Offering, Huntingdon cong., 90 cents; offering 
"i students and laculty at special Thanksgiving 
rvice. Huntingdon cong.. SS.62; Free Will 
_Jfering of students and faculty of college, spe- 
cial Thanksgiving service, Thursday afternoon, 
Huntingdon cong.. $52.06; Sabina Riblett. Cone- 
maugh. Si; Sisters' Mission. Elklick. Sio; George 
B. Detwller, Norristown, $4; G. W. Kephart. 
Altoona. Ss; three little girls. Altoona, ascents; 
Intermediate Class. Mt, Vernon. St; Glade 
Run cong., $5.37: Cross Road S, S., Elton. S41S; 
PeelmyraChrise, Markleysburg, So cents; Mid- 
dle Creek cong., S12.7S". George Winand, York 
Springs, 41 cents; Rachel Fox, New Stanton, Si ; 
J. C. Ankeny, Johnstown, So cents; I. L. E., Mil- 
ton Grove, $S; Paul V. Lcpley. Connellsvllle, Si; 
Lancaster City cong., S32.46; Conestoga cong., 
It; S. J. Bowser. Somerset, S2; Abram Friend, 
Mill Run, 30 cents; Rebecca Gaynian; Zoilais- 
ville, Si; Indian Creek cong., S6.04; total, . . . 201 

IND.-Susan Voder, Blue River, $1.50; John 
Bonewltz. Stearleysville, Si; Blue River cong., 
S16.24; Osceola cong., Si.35; Clear Creek cong.. 
$6.50; Beech Grove cong.. S2.35; collected by 

Orle Swihart, ATgos, 6o cents; Landes S. S., 
(20; Class 8. Rock RuuS. S. $1464; Pipe Creek 
cong.. S18 as; Class i. Nappance S. S., $3; Bethel, 
Blacklord Co.. $8.93= Louis Huffman. Mt. Ziou. 
*3. 5 o; Amanda Cripe. Rossville. Si; A. D. Lair, 
Mexico. Si; Union City cong., $4-4S; W- E - 
Brooks, Windsor. Si; Mrs. Susan Dany. Indian- 
apolis,; Mattie Mathews. Sulphur Springs. 

}i; Middle Fork cong., $4. 7S: l o tal " 

Ohio.— Mary Rlttenhouse, Plain, So cents; 
Wm H Tidd, Jamestown. Si; Ella Schrock, 
Baltic, $1; Catherine Syler, Baltic. Si; Pleasant 
Valley S. S., Sa.9S: Sister Collins. Vine. 50 cents; 
Bear Creek S. S. $20.07: Bear Creek cong., S3I-93; 
a brother, Holly, $1; a brother, Lima, $5: West 
Nimishillen cong., $14.00; Mary E. and Flora B. 
Rolston. May Hill, Si; Margaret A. Miller, Ho- 
rnerville, 50 cents: Freeburg cong., and S. S., 
$10.72; Newton cong,, S12; Salem cong.. Sa.30; 
Cora Keith, Maplewood. Si; David Fultz, Rush- 
ville, ss; total, ' 

ILL.-Laura Swinger. Hutsonvillc, $2; a sister. 
$i;D. Barrick, Byron, $1; Hickory Grove con- 
gregation and S. S., $20.70; Sterling cong.. 3S 
cents; Rock Creek cong., S6.41; Z. Arnold, Ells- 
worth, $3.So; Chicago S.S., $12.08; Geo. and Jen- 
nie Hossack, Mt. Morris, S.30; J. B. Graybill, 

Polo, Si; total 

Kans. — Pleasant View cong., SiS.3o; Slate 
Creek cong., $4.90; sent in by F. A. Vaiiimnu, 
McPherson.S1.45; J.K.Yoder. Elburg. S3-So; J- 
L. Lesh.Mt. Ida, 25 cents; Mrs. H. Smith, Her- 
:ngton,Si.iS;MissT. A. Chapman, Courtland, 
Ss; Bertha Ryan's lecture at Ramona, $22.20; 
John W. Fishburn. Ovcrbrook. $?.5«; Thomas 
Hesp, Mt. Ida, S2 50; Walnut Valley cong., S2.1S; 
Grace P. Booth, Dunlap. SS-So; S. E. Hylton, 

Dunlap, S2; total 

Md -Anna L. Shindel, Hagerstown, 50 cents; 
Mt. ZIoniS, S.. Mapleville, $6.20; Eld. 0. S. 
Highbarg'er, Burkettsville, 50 cents; Bush Creek 

cong., $6; Manor cong., $26; total, 

-Greenmount cong., S7.20; collected by 
Sallie Garber, Timberville, $6; J. P. Cnmiulngs. 
Naffs. 75 cents; C. E. Liskey. Harrisonburg. S2; 
Antioch cong., S13.0S; W. T. Pursely, Saltpetre 
Cave. 50 cents; W. T. Clingenpeel, Gillaspie. S2: 
some brethren and sisters and a Sunday school 

at Staunton, S446; total 

Mo.-D. Cline, Topaz, Si ; D. W. Alters, Cool, 
$1; V. R. James, Lamar, $1.25; Mrs. Anna F. 
Heckman, Starfield. $1.50: John H. Bowman, 
Hardin, $10.30; E. E. Brower, Nevada, $3.30; 
Warrensburg cong., Sa; C. Biggs. Clermont, 
$3,50; N. S. Messenger. Waynesviile, So cents; 

W.S. Ellenberger, Polo, S4.75. total 

Iowa.— W. J. Stout, Oskaloosa, Si; Panther 
Creek cong., $S.5o; two boys in Carrie Shelley's 
class, Ollie. $2; J. S. and Mary Troscl. $2; 
Franklin County S. S.. $4; Mrs. Anna Flory, 
North English. $t.2S: A. E. Bonesteel, Shells- 
burg, Si; a sister, S1.85; three Sunday-school 

classes, Lafayette. $2.80; total 

NEBR.— Sisters' Aid Society, Falls City, $13: 
D W and E.May V.Brooks, Falls City, $1. 50: 
Sister Delonbaugh, Falls City, Si: Sister Mary 

Brooks, So cents; total 

Cal— J. W. Hoff, Long Beach, Si; S. W. 
.unk. Los Angeles, Si; G. W. Priser, Hemet. 
$S 80; children's sewing society of Channing St. 
Mission, Los Angeles, $4-So; E. C. Ward, Rack- 

erby,$2; total 

w VA.— Sam'i Hevner. Gillespie, S1.2S; Mary 
J Williamson. Soho, $1.50; Catharine Hinkley. 
Lemly,$i.2S:Hammon school, S2.90; J. H. Cas- 

sady and wife. Bayard, S2.30; total 

Tenn.-A family. Ethridge. Sa'.So; J. F. Swee- 
ny and Clara Dulauey, SS; total. . 

Colo. — Mrs. Patterson, Sterling, S2; John 
Shoemaker, Chivington. Si; Minnie and Josie 

Lohmiller, Pueblo, $2; total 

Wash.— G.W.Whitesel, Wayside 

Aku— C. E. Gillett, Aultman •■ - 

ABK . , $1; cong. at Dryden, 

$3.19; total. * ■ ; 

Tex.— S. S, and friends at Loinax school- 
house near Laporte 

Okla.— Duglord school district, 

Oregon— J- K. Kreps, Independence, $1; 

Mary E. Brooks, $1; total, - 

Wis.-Nellie, Ella and Sadie Cooper, Hills- 
dale ■ 

Ont— Geo. Cober, Concord, 

N. J.— H.L. Van Dolah. Sergeantsville, . . . 

Minn-— Lizzie Hillary, Worthington 

Unknown— Isolated sister per Harvey Iken- 
berry,$i;Libbielnman's class, S7. 5o; total, . . 


How Related? 

Eld. S. N. McCann's book. " The Lord Our Righteous- 
ness." gives an able exposition on this subject. 128 pag- 
es, cloth, price, so cents. Just the book you should read. 
Highly recommended. 

« and 2i S. State St. Elgin l«" 

Affirmative Only.... 

The Doctrine of the Brethren 

The author, Elder Robert Miller, was in his day the 
ablest defender of the faith. Doctrine ol the Brethren 
Defended contains the best arguments of his mature years 
and is invaluable to any one wishing to know the tenets of 
the laith. 

The author published both affirmative and negative ar- 
gumeuts, but the present edition has only the affirmative 

Well bound in cloth, 298 pages, good clear print. Price, 
75 cents. Address: 


12 and 24 S. State St. 

Elgin, III, 

There Are 



All Sizes, Grades and Prices. 

THE OISB HEW TESTAUEST leads them all in compact- 
ness, handy reference, large, clear type. Sold under the 
Gish Fund at cost. Ask lor descriptive circular. 
22 and 24 S. State St. Elgin, III. 

Alone with God., 

By J. H. Garrison, 
i series ol 

manual of devotions. Be- 
nd forms of prayer for pri- 
vate devotions, family 
worship and special occa- 
sions. 244 pages; cloth, 75 
cents; morocco, S1.25,. 

One ol the moBt.n^'i.]. 
most needed, an'd oest 
adapted books of the year, 
and therefore it is not 
strange that it is proving 
one of the most popular. 
In work of this kind its 
distinguished, gifted, pi- 
ous and beloved author is 
at his best. This book 
will be helpful to every 
ilnister, church official and Sunday-school superintend- 
ent, as well as every private member oi the church. 

22 and 24 S. State St. Elgin. 111. 

Total *'3.'3o: 


In last report, under " Famine Fund," the total for 

Kansas should be $21.50, instead of $21.51. 

The total lor the entire fund to that date should be 
$12,340.48, instead of *n,337-<33. 

Also, in report of Dec. 16. under Pennsylvania, Mcr- 
cersbutg S24 should ba Markleyshurg,S24- 

In report Dec. 6-1 1, undei "India Famine Fund," 
German Settlement, Md., $29.80 should have been Ger- 
man Settlement. Va.. $29.80. 

In same report, under " India Orphanage," Children s 
mission ol Maple Spring. Gladcvicw and Brookside, Md., 
$10 30 should be credited to West Virginia Instead. 

In same report, under West Virginia, Beaver Run . 

should be Beaver Run, $30. 

In Dec. 13, report under "India Orphanage,' Red 
River Valley Sunday school near Mayvllle, should be Ju- 
venile class of Red River Valley Sunday school near 
Mayvllle. $11.41, 

In same report, under " India Famine Fund," Tcarcot 
congregation, should have been Calvin and Eliz. Rogci 

In Dec. b report, under " India Famine," Washington 
congregation, $10 should be Washington Creek congre- 
gation, (10. 

Gun. Missionary and Iract Com. 

th Thousand... 
...On the Market. 

The Brethren's New Song Book for Sunday Schools, 

Prayer Meetings, Social Meetings, and 

General Song Services. 


It is rich in melodies, expressive in words, and deeply 
devotional in sentiment. One critic says ol the book: 

"One thing I am glad lor, that the popular rapid gal- 
loping music gives place to that which is more spiritual 
and lasting."— W. B, Stover, India. 

While the main part of the 
book is composed of new mu- 
sic, much of which was prepar- 
ed especially for this book, the 
back part contains about 50 
well selected " good old tuue3" 
that never wear out, so that the 
book is bound to please all 
classes— those who want good 
new music and words and those 
who desire songs "dear to the 

The book contains about 208 
pages, is bound In boards and 
sold at the lollowing 



Prepaid, single copy. 30 =■»«! lo » r "• °"" e c ° pili3 ' '} 
cents each. In lots ol .00 copies loot less) not prepaid, 
via Irelsht unless otherwise ordered, ao cents per copy. 

To Chobistbrs akd TEACHEKS.-Upon receipt ol 30 
cents and a statement ol what position you hold, we will 
send you a copy ol the book and a coupon good lor 30 
tents o 

a the first dozen books you order. 


,1 and 34 S. State St. 

Elgin, 111. 

The Gospel Messenger. 



Vol. 38. 

Elgin, III., Jan. 20, 1900. 

No. 3. 





Letters ol Membership 

The Number of Accessions 

The Need of Sound Doctrine 

How Long? '■ 

The Hard-WorKlng Preacher 

The Old Year, 

The Secret of the Church's Lack of Power, 

Sprinkling Clean Water 


" Face to Face with Trouble. Selected by Frank D. Moyer 34 

A Morning Prayer. Selected by Hattie Dell 39 


The Tobacco Symposium 34 

Practice Against Preaching. By M. M. Eshelman, 35 

A Debate on Trine Immersion, Feetwashing, Lord's Supper, and 
Po-ture in Baptism— Part z. By B. E. Kesler, . . . . . . 36 

The Eleventh Hour By John E. Mohler 36 

D. L. Moody and Secret Societies 37 

Still It Is Sin, • -37 


Sermon Outline— The Cost of the Costly Gift. By S. N. McCann, . . 38 
The Minister and His Work 38 


Lesaon Light-Flash'es ' 3* 

The Value of Investigation 38 


Our Burdens. By Lula Goshorrr, 3°. 

What Can a Mother Do for Her Girls? By Sarah A. Crowl 39 

"No Place at Home." Selected by Nancy D. Underhill 39 

The Women the World Needs. Selected by Hattie Dell, 30 

Passing the Gates 39 


One More Opportunity 43 

Hawaiian Islands. By George D, Zollers 43 

Fragments. By J. S. Secnst - ■ • ■ 43 

Systematic Giving. By Nancy D. Underhill '13 

'Mistaken About India Famine Fund, 4.1 


Financial Reports, 48 


The Building ol Character 43 


In Australia there is a tribe fully determined not 
to have any marrying among kinsfolk, for it is the 
rule that a wife must be taken from another part of 
the country. All those who belong to the same 
place are regarded as brothers and sisters. This, 
however, does not seem to add to the strength and 
size of the race, as the average height of the men is 
a little less than five and a half feet. In the civilized 
lands, it has, however, been proved that intermarry- 
ing among kin is not for the best, and in some States 
it is forbidden by law. 

It is said that W. B. Holmes, of Danville, Ky., 
who last year created talk by destroying a large 
stock of tobacco and cigars, has now decided to 
quit the sale of pork, lard, or the meat of swine in 
any form. He claims its use is against the edicts of 
the Scriptures. Mr. Holmes, who is a Presbyterian 
and a " Sanctificationist," became convinced some 
years ago that the use of tobacco was immoral and 
that he should no longer handle* it. He is now 
satisfied that the Scriptures forbid the use of swine 
meat in any form and has thrown away all his stock. 
While we do not regard the eating of pork as a sin, — 
for the law condemning it is no longer in force — 
still neither Mr. Holmes nor any one else is likely 
to be the worse off for abstaining from its use. 

The oldest business in the world is the fruit busi- 
ness. In this the Lord gave Adam and Eve an ex- 
cellent start. Probably no young couple ever start- 
ed out better prepared to make life a success. They 
were given an excellent garden, in which grew every 
tree that was pleasing to the sight and good for 
food. There must have been quite a variety both 
of the ornamental and fruit trees. The former were 

for shade and ornamentation while the latter were 
for food. The soil was doubtless good, and the 
climate most delightful. The locality must have 
been charming. In fact there was everything there 
calculated to make life pleasant. Of the variety of 
plants we know nothing. There were probably 
many kinds of fruit trees, and on these grew all the 
fruit that was good for food. There may have been 
apples, peaches, pears, plums, cherries, oranges, 
bananas, apricots, grapes and nuts. The climate 
was doubtless very mild, and if so the orange and 
banana could have been produced. In fact the 
traveler meets with the orange in nearly all parts 
of Palestine even now, and down on the Jordan 
valley the banana thrives most luxuriantly. Of 
course the Garden of Eden was not in Palestine, but 
probably in the Euphrates valley, where the soil is 
said to be as rich as in the Nile valley, and the cli- 
mate just as favorable. Adam and Eve, however, 
made a failure, not because they did not have a 
good start, or a good business, but because they 
meddled with that which they were forbidden even 
to touch. What was true then may prove true now. 
People disobey the Lord, and failure is the result. 
It is not the temporal failure that is most disastrous, 
but the spiritual. There may be some excuse for 
the former, but none for the latter. 

Last week the death rate in London was unusual- 
ly high, being thirty-seven to the thousand, the 
nighest ever known in that city being forty-two. It 
was caused by influenza. The undertakers are unable 
to get enough black horses and carriages to dispose 
of the dead. The coffin-makers are working day 
and night to supply the demand, and the reserve 
stock is all gone. In a few instances funerals had 
to be delayed owing to a lack of the necessary 
appointments. Funerals were never so expensive 
as now, and this makes it very hard on the poor, es- 
pecially when there are two or more deaths in the 
family, as is the case now and then where the dis- 
ease prevails. 

The Indepe?ident says that James Eads Howe, of St. 
Louis, who has determined to give his inherited 
wealth to the poor, is a recent graduate of Har- 
vard, the grandson of James B. Eads, who made the 
Mississippi jetties, and the son of the late general 
manager of the Wabash Railroad. He inherited 
from his father the use of S75,ooo, and will probably 
receive nearly upon the death of his 
mother. He holds that he is not entitled to any 
part of these sums, and that they should be "re- 
stored " to the public. Therefore he has given to 
the poor thus far all the earnings of his father's 
bequest. He lives with the poor and has founded a 
mission for them. He is clothed like the lowliest. 
He is a vegetarian, and he supplies his own wants 
by labor of various kinds, waiting for "the time 
when he shall be able to use large sums upon his 
projects for the assistance and the education of 
those who have little or nothing. 

It is simply wonderful what faith and nerve some 
of the Buddhistic monks possess. Their religion is 
false; there is nothing refining or elevating about it, 
and yet they have unwavering faith in' it. It leads 
them to do things that are cruel as well as revolting. 
Concerning self-cremation upon the part of the 
monks the English traveler, Max Gowan says, — we 
quote from the Literary Digest, — " Several years 
ago announcement was made that on a certain day a 
young priest from the cloister of " the Mount of the 
Spirits " would burn himself alive. The faithful of 
both sexes who desired to attend the ceremony 

were urged to be present in good time, and were 
asked not to forget to bring something along as a 
gift to the zealous ecclesiast. When the multitude 
arrived at the cloister, another bonze, jealous of the 
attention and gifts secured by his colleague, de- 
clared that he too would burn himself alive and 
hastened to make his preparations. Two piles of 
wood were erected, one on each side of the temple, 
so that those who could not get a good view of the 
one ceremony' could do so of the second. During 
the hours preceding the ceremony, the candidates 
for death were surrounded by their relatives and 
friends and a curious crowd of outsiders who had 
come to ask of them their influence in the world 
above. Magnanimously both promised to aid all in 
their power, permitted themselves to be venerated 
as true Buddhas, and thereby increased the finances 
of the cloister materially. Finally the hour had 
come. Slowly they passed between kneeling 
crowds, and then, chanting and singing, took their 
positions. The first of the two ascended the pile, 
erected in the shape of a tent, and lighted it with 
his own hands, using an ordinary match. The 
multitude could, through the door and the openings 
of the tent, watch every stage in the cremation. 
Until the flames and smoke made it impossible any 
longer to behold the monk, he could be seen in the 
flames, singing a sacred hymn and beating the time 
with a skull carved out of wood. An hour later the 
^eccr.d cr.ndid^tc for death r.;ad^ his debut. He 
had closely watched his predecessor and coolly en- 
tered his own tent of death, and passed through the 
ordeal as the other. The ashes and bones of the 
two were carefully gathered and deposited in the 
cloister of Wen-Chao, where they are preserved 
as sacred relics." This is the faith that profiteth 
nothing, for it does not lay hold on Jesus. 

The harnessing of the Niagara Falls leads one 
to think of what might be accomplished in Pales- 
tine should some of the forces of nature there be 
made to wisely serve the purpose of man. Ten 
miles north of the Sea of Galilee is Lake Merom, 
through which the river Jordan passes, entering at 
the north, and flowing out on the south side. In 
its course to the Sea of Galilee it has a fall of about 
680 feet, and the natural features of the country and 
gorge are such that thirty dams might be construct- 
ed, and an immense water power produced by each 
dam. Were this power wisely employed, force 
enough might be produced to run scores if not hun- 
dreds of manufacturing establishments, and light up 
with electricity all the cities that might be built 
around and in the vicinity of the charming 
sea of Galilee. Probably enough power might 
be generated to run electric cars from a har- 
bor on the Mediterranean Sea to any city on the 
shore of Galilee. From Galilee to the Dead Sea 
the Jordan has a fall of 620 feet, and this too 
might be utilized to furnish the whole of the Jor- 
dan valley with light and power, and light up 
Jerusalem besides, to say nothing of running an elec- 
tric line or two. It is simply wonderful how much 
unemployed force there is in this remarkable coun- 
try. Were it under the control of a nation as intel- 
ligent as the people of England, the United States, 
Germany or France, the world would soon become 
amazed at the happy results. The whole of the 
Jordan valley, from the foot of Mount Hermon to 
the Dead Sea, might be made to teem with an intel- 
ligent and industrious population, having almost 
every convenience known to modern civilization. 
The God-given power is there, but man fails to util- 
ize it. 



Jan. 20, 1900. 

■ i f ESSAYS ••+-+— 

-Study to show thyself approved unto God. n workman ihat ncedetli not be 
ashamed, rightly dividing the Word oi Truth." 



You are face to face with trouble, 

And the skies are murk and gray; 
You hardly know which way to turn, 

You are almost dazed, you say. 
And at night you wake to wonder 

What the next day's news will bring; 
Your pillow is brushed by phantom care, 

With a grim and ghastly wing. 
You are face to face with trouble; 

A child has gone astray; 
A ship is wrecked on the bitter sea; 

There's a note you cannot pay, 
Your brave right hand is feeble. 

Your sight is growing blind: 
Perhaps a friend is stern and cold 

Who was ever warm and kind. 
You are face to face with trouble; 

No wonder you cannot sleep; 
But stay— and think of the promise: 

The Lord will safely keep 
And lead you out of the thicket, 

And into the pasture land; 
You have only to walk straight onward, 

Holding the dear Lord's hand. 
Face to face with trouble; 

And did you forget to look 
As the dear old father taught you, 

For help to the dear old book? 
You have beard the tempter whisper, 

And you had no heart to pray; 
And God was dropped from your scheme of life 

For many and many a day. 
Then face to face with trouble, 

It is thus that he calls you back 
From the land of dearth and famine, 

To the land which has no lack. 
You would not hear in the sunshine, 

You hear in the midnight gloom: 
Behold, His tapers kindle 

Like stassin the quiet room, 
Oh! face to face with trouble, 

Friend, I have often stood, 
To learn that pain hath sweetness, 

To know that God is good. 
Arise and meet the daylight, 

Be strong, and do your best! 
With an honest heart and a childlike faith 

That God will do the rest. 

— Margaret E. Songster. 


We, of the Oysterville church, petition the Annual Meeting, 
through the District Meeting, to request all ministers to re- 
ceive no applicants for baptism-who will not forsake the filthy 
use of tobacco. See 2 Cor. 7: 1; Col. 3: 1-5. 

Below will be found articles on both sides of the 
tobacco question. Four of them came in response 
to the privilege extended some time ago. The fifth 
and last one has been in the office quite a while. 
We publish it along with the others, so as to have 
all the tobacco communications in one issue. This 
will be the end of controversy on the subject until 
the matter comes up for consideration at the next 
Conference. — Ed. 

That Tobacco Query. 

While I am much opposed to the use of tobacco, 
I still claim that we should be consistent. 

1. If applicants must be requested to abstain from 
the use of tobacco, why should our members, old 
and young, who have been using it for years, be 
allowed to continue its use? 

2. Why should Brethren be allowed to raise and 
manufacture it? 

3. Why should they buy or sell it? 

4. Why handle it in any shape or form? 

These questions come looming up, and many cry 
out, " Inconsistency" Some will tell us they could 
not make a living in some of the Southern States; 
they have nothing else to do. The same cry 
came up years ago about labor in the North. 
Machinery of all kinds came on the farm. The cry 
came that soon no farm hands would be needed 
and the poor would be driven to want; but we were 
happy that machinery only increased the wages 

and hands were more in demand. This fall there 
never was such a demand for corn shucking. So it 
will be if we trust the Lord. 

Men and women who are in the tobacco fields can 
find some other employment if they are willing to 
look for such. The Lord is willing to help those 
who will help themselves. It is said the brewery 
business pays well. Why not some of the members 
say they would like to have the privilege to work in 
breweries for a livelihood, thinking it the easiest way 
to make a living. Why not sell beer and spirits in a 
saloon, to make a living, as well as raise and sell to- 
bacco? My voice would be, "Touch not, taste not, 
handle not." Let us be consistent. 

Bro. Fercken, in Messenger No. 45, of the last 
volume, tells us the " Spirit- Wrestlers " of Russia 
long ago renounced tobacco, wine, etc. If these 
people looked upon tobacco as a great evil, from a 
Bible standpoint, why should we allow our members 
to indulge in it in any form? Everybody claims it 
to be filthy. Why, then, indulge in a filthy habit? 
Why not save the money spent for tobacco for mis- 
sionary work and for the starving in famine-stricken 

May God help us to see this great evil and ab- 
stain from it. J. H. Miller. 

Goshen, bid. 

Shall We Make It a Test of Fellowship? 

The District Meeting of Oregon, Washington and 
Idaho petitions Annual Meeting to make the " filthy 
use of tobacco" a test of fellowship in receiving 
members into the church. 

Neither my parents, myself nor my family use, 
ever did use, or ever expect to use tobacco. The 
filthy use of it is very repulsive to me, and I ex- 
pect to exert what influence I have in a quiet way 
to rid the Brethren of the tobacco habit. 

But does the petition deal with the use of tobacco, 
or with fat filthy use of it? If it is the latter, lam 
in sympathy with it; but if it means the use of to- 
bacco .vith no restrictions, then I for one oppose the 
granting of the petition. I am of the opinion the 
object of the petition is to reject applicants for 
baptism if they use tobacco, hence the petition 
should be rejected: (1) Because tobacco has med- 
icinal properties, and a number of instances might be 
produced where it gave relief when other medicines 
have failed. We should not reject a man from the 
church if his enjoyment of health depends upon the 
use of tobacco. We do not resort to such extremes 
in the case of whisky, quinine, morphine or opium. 
(2) Because it would be very inconsistent for the 
church to make it a test of membership to applicants, 
while it is a fact that we have hundreds of good, faith- 
ful members of the church now using tobacco. If it 
is wrong for more to be received into the church who 
use tobacco, it is wrong for those now in the church 
using tobacco to be held as members. (3) There is 
no Bible authority for making the use of tobacco a 
test of Christian fellowship. If so, our church has 
been working contrary to the Bible lo these many 
years. And the earnest, persistent, self-sacrificing 
labor of love of many of our church fathers has been a 
failure and repugnant to God. We have a perfect law 
in the Bible and he who would add more is in danger. 
If. we want to be successful in all sections of 
these United States we had better modify some of 
the decisions already made on the tobacco question, 
rather than make more decisions. Still, we will do 
no injustice to the Bible in my opinion. 

C. D. Hylton. 
Daleville, Va. 

The Tobacco Query. 

Seeing that the Yearly Meeting of 1900 is to be 
petitioned to request all ministers to receive no ap- 
plicants for baptism who will not forsake the filthy 
use of tobacco, I will give my views on the same. 
The tobacco habit seems to have a great many bad 
features without one redeeming one.. If it has even 
one good feature we hope it will be pointed out by 
the tobacco user. 

Besides being very injurious to both the mind and 
body of the user, and offensive and even sickening 
to those who don't use it it, is also very expensive, 

filthy and inconvenient. Hence no person has any 
right physically, morally, much less religiously, to 
indulge in it or to set the example before the moral 
world, much less so to offend the " pure in heart," 
the chosen of God. We commend the Messenger 
for already warning its readers time and again 
against the sinful habit. In fact what has been said 
already should cause every professor of Christianity 
to quit the tobacco sin. 

But it still seems necessary to keep on warning — 
how much longer the Lord only knows. And while 
we are encouraged in seeing a great many quitting 
the habit, we still find some who claim they can't 
quit it, even after admitting that it is a sin. To such 
we will relate a case of an old blind and otherwise 
very feeble sister, who persistently told her friends 
she could not quit smoking, and yet through a spe- 
cial act of providence she was enabled to quit it, 
seemingly with very little effort. One time she by 
mistake emptied the contents of her pipe into her 
lap, thus causing her clothes to take fire, which 
would have soon burned her up if it had not been 
for the presence and assistance of her friends. Now 
it was a very easy matter to quit the dangerous hab- 
it. She didn't even have to " taper off" by taking 
a tobacco cure, as some big, strong men have to do. 
No; she quit square off, and the beauty of it was, it 
didn't kill her, either, as some claim it does. 

Of course it would place tobacco-using preachers 
in an awkward position to request them to ask the 
applicant for baptism to first quit the filthy habit, 
but perhaps he too needs the help of a special act 
of Providence to enable him to quit the habit. If 
so, why not let it come in the shape of a church de- 
cision? In the light of the Gospel and present 
church decisions, all the Dunker churches would cer- 
tainly be justified in granting the petition asked — 
and then requiring all the present members to use 
no more tobacco as a habit. In fact, it is not treat- 
ing the tobacco-using applicant right or in good 
faith to take him in with his habit and then confront 
him with present decisions against the habit, thus 
crippling his influence, disqualifying at once for im- 
portant church work. It is apt to cause him to act 
inconsistent to get even, or else cause him to feel 
that he was only half converted, and he would have 
a right to blame the preacher for it. Why not be 
consistent and honest with him at baptism? Tell 
him that the church has already decided that to- 
bacco using is a great sin, which must be repented 
of before baptism is performed; then he can be 
taken into the church feeling that he is a whole 
Christian, and the church won't have to say to him, 
as she virtually does now with present decisions, 
" When thou art converted, strengthen thy breth- 

We have been for many years confronted with 
the proposition of trying to build up a church where 
some of the officials used tobacco, and the result 
can be told in the one word "failure." Yes, we 
have even tried it in the name of " Old Order," with 
the same result, "failure." People don't judge us 
by the name we bear, but by our actions. So from 
henceforth we will try to be consistent and honest 
with them. We will call a sin a sin, and not give it 
a nice name and commune with it. We don't be- 
lieve it is right or consistent to require the appli- 
cant to " willingly renounce Satan with all his sin- 
ful ways," then immediately after baptism have the 
preacher give him a kiss polluted with tobacco and 
call it a Jwly kiss. 

And while there is a great effort at reform in the 
world on the tobacco matter, the enemy is striving 
the harder to regain lost ground. He has succeed- 
ed in deceiving the government into licensing the 
sale of tobacco for a part of the profits, and has de- 
ceived the merchants into selling the poison for a 
share of the profits, and the farmer into growing it 
for the money. Thus is it again proved that "the 
love of money is the root of all evil: which while some 
coveted after, they have erred from the faith, and 
pierced themselves through with many sorrows." 
But while the promoters of this business are getting 
the money out of it, their victims are losing not 
only the money they pay for it, but also health, hap- 
piness, friends and, — may I say? — the soul also. 

a n. 20, igoo. 



a work of 
■ own fami- 
I heard a brother 

It has been suggested that they quit the habit and 
j ve the money thus saved to charity in foreign 
nds. But I am willing that they begin 
harity right at home, by supplying the' 
eS with the necessaries of life 

, n0 was church treasurer for many years say that 
i all of those years in almost every case where he 
, as called on to pay out money for charity, either 
he father or some one of the family was spending 
noney regularly for tobacco. And I know of many 
as es where men claim they can't pay their debts 
n d yet they spend money regularly for tobacco. 
Don't be deceived, God is not mocked, for what- 
oever a man soweth that shall he also reap." 
Shall the churches surrender to this enemy, or 
purify themselves all from filthiness of the flesh and 
pirit," and thus win the heavenly crown? 

B. F, Wampler. 
Carthage, Mo. 

Is It Wrong to Use Tobacco? 

"And God said, Let the earth bring forth grass, the herbs 

elding seed, and the, fruit tree yielding fruit after his kind, 

, , , and the earth brought forth grass, and herbs yielding 

eed after his kind, . . and God saw that it -was good" — Gen. 

: ii, 12. " And God saw every tiling that he had made, and it 

was very good." Verse 31, "For every creature of God is 

rood, and nothing to be refused, if it be received with thanks- 

g; for it is sanctified by the Word of God and prayer. If 

Lou put the brethren in remembrance of these things, thou 

ihalt he a good minister of Jesus Christ." — I Tim. 4: 4-6. 

That is my object in this writing. 
Tobacco is an herb created by God, and with 
ther things said by him to be good, and in con- 
:ection with everything else that he has made says, 
Behold, it was very good '." My dear brethren, will 
ve say, how can we say, that our brethren shall not 
aise it or handle it in any way, that they shall not 
use it, and that if they do they shall be debarred 
and deposed from official positions even if they use 
for medicinal purposes? We see where such 
radical decisions lead. See the appeal to our forth- 
K&ming, Conference, to ordain that no one shall be 
eceived into the church who uses tobacco. I am 
n receipt of the minutes sent to me from the Dis- 
trict, promoting this petition. We had better "let 
our moderation be known unto all men," in our legis- 
ation as well as in the 'use of everything, tobacco 

And that tobacco is good, and very good, I do 
know by my observation and experience, in my as- 
sociations with my brethren for more than half a 
:entury, many of whom used it as a luxury. And 
hough I did not use it, it was in few cases unpleas- 
nt to me, and I could not say, You ought not to 
jse it. A number that used it as a special remedy 
or the cure and prevention of disease, were on the 
Lverage just as good Christians as others. 

And in confirmation of this fact that this herb is 
very good, I give a testimonial of my own experi- 
ence in its use. More than four years ago I was taken 
with vertigo. The symptoms were first the echoing 
3f my voice, then severe pain shooting to my head 
when I made a misstep, coughed or sneezed. If I 
would stumble or fall the pain could not have been 
ore severe if a shot would have passed through 
e. Sometimes I would not have been surprised if 
t would have taken my life. I applied to several 
of our best doctors. They gave it a trial, I also 
ried a number of patent remedies, such as the elec- 
belt, which gave some temporary relief; and 
having faith in electricity I applied to a doctor, and 
he applied the electric battery several times. But 
dl failed, and three and one-half years from the first 
massed away, and during this time I had continual- 
y to use spirits of camphor for bathing my head 
■0 relieve the aching that followed the sudden at- 

I had then given up all hope of relief, but in the 
^rder of God's providence, as follows, I got relief. 
1 came into my room one day, and I found on my 
table a little pipe that held about a thimbleful. I re- 
membered that there was a little roll of tobacco about 
the size of my little finger in my bookcase that had 
been there not less than ten years. How the pipe 
?ot there I did not know. There was no one in the 
amily that used tobacco in any way, but I was in- 

duced to fill the pipe and use it, which took about 
five minutes, and it put my blood into circulation, 
and made me warm from the top of my head to the 
bottom of my feet. And I felt that I was benefited. 
I then used it about the same way after each meal 
for a few days, and it cured me. Six or eight 
months have now passed and I have no symptoms of 
the disease, and have improved considerably »n 
health and weight. 

I afterwards found out how the little pipe got 
on my table. My little granddaughter found it 
somewhere, and laid it on my table and told 
no one of it. This is the whole history and can 
be proved by the entire family. Now I ask, Is 
there no good in this herb? Can we restrain 
our brethren from using it in moderation? And 
more still, can we debar our useful brethren from 
official positions because they use a litttle to- 
bacco, especially if they use it for medicinal pur- 
poses? I cannot do it, and I think that I can safely 
decide that our coming Conference will not pass the 
decision now on record that persons using tobacco 
shall not be received into the church. I would 
move that it be tabled, and that at least that article 
8, 1898, be reconsidered and repealed if nothing 
more. Of course, now in the twilight of my days, — 
in my eighty-sixth year since the thirtieth of last 
March, — my work is mostly done, but I am to-day 
in principle and practice the same that I was fifty 
years ago, and feel as ever the concern for the 
church and for my brethren and all others as well, 
and want to be faithful until death, that when it is 
the Lord's will to remove me from the turmoils of 
this life," I may rest from my labors and my works 
follow me." B. F. Moomaw. 

" Consistency, Thou Art a Jewel." 

The poor, unfortunate brother who has become 
addicted to the tobacco habit is wonderfully warned 
of his wrongdoing by preachers and writers. The 
columns of the Messenger are open to those who 
feel it a duty to warn the unwary. Scripture, reason, 
common sense and legislation, — everything reason- 
able, — is resorted to in order to get the poor slave to 
the habit freed from the bondage. His attention is 
called to 2 Cor. 7: 1, " Let us cleanse ourselves from 
all filthiness of the flesh and spirit." James 1:21, 
" Lay apart all filthiness and superfluity of naughti- 
ness," etc. 1 Thess. 5:22, "Abstain from all ap- 
pearance of evil." 1 Pet. 2:11, "Abstain from 
fleshly lusts, which war against the soul," etc. 

The above Scriptures, with others, and decisions 
of Annual Meeting and common decency, propriety, 
economy, nonconformity, cleanliness, remorse of 
conscience, all are brought to bear upon the mind of 
the poor brother who is a slave to the habit, until he 
fairly scringes under a sense of guilt and danger. 
Well, is it not true that everything we do is either 
right or wrong? Is it not true that everything we 
do that is wrong is sin? And Paul says the wages 
of sin is death. Rom. 6: 23. Then surely it is the 
duty of the watchman to give the alarm. If he 
does not, then the blood of the ruined victim will be 
required at the watchman's hands. Ezek. 4. 

It is comparatively easy and safe from a human 
standpoint to speak and write against the evil of the 
tobacco habit, because the general sentiment of the 
Brotherhood is on that side of the question and 
there is no danger of being " boycotted." But how 
about the raising of the stuff to supply the demand? 
Ah! there is the rub! Tread tenderly. It is a bit 
dangerous. The mighty dollar is confronted. But 
is it right or wrong? If right, why not encourage 
the enterprise? If wrong, where are the watchmen 
to give the warning? If it is wrong for sisters to 
decorate their heads with ostrich feathers, would it 
not be wrong for a brother to run an ostrich farm in 
order to furnish the feathers? If the drink habit is 
wrong, is it not wrong to run a saloon? If the to- 
bacco habit is wrong, is it not wrong to appropriate 
the best part of the farm over which the Lord has 
made us stewards to raise the weed with which to 
supply the demand? 

In bygone years some brethren claimed that it 
wasn't wrong to raise tobacco, because it was used for 

coloring, for medicine, and for destroying insects, 
etc.; but the " practice" so completely contradicts 
the " preaching " that but few will venture to ex- 
pose themselves in that way now. In preparing the 
weed for market they are very precise about having 
it separated into " wrappers " and " fillers." I never 
yet met a man outside of the church but what ad- 
mitted that tobacco was raised to be chewed, 
smoked and snuffed. Brethren sometimes ease 
their conscience by concluding that if it is wrong to 
raise tobacco because of the bad use that is made of 
it, then it is wrong to raise corn because whiskey is 
made from corn. And the old adage is, " Two 
wrongs never make a right." It is, however, a well- 
known fact that the very large proportion of the 
corn raised is used to feed man and beast, while a 
very few pounds out of the hundreds of tons of to- 
bacco are used for anything else but to "fulfill the 
lust of the flesh." 

I know that I have the unpopular side of this 
question, and am accused of being radical, and I ad- 
mit it; but I feel assured that I am in good com- 
pany. God told Adam that the day that he ate of 
the fruit of a certain tree he would surely die. 
Radical! Christ said, " Except a man be born of 
water and of the Spirit, he cannot enter into the 
kingdom of God." "Whosoever speak eth against 
the Holy Ghost shall not be forgiven, neither in this 
world, neither in the world to come." Radical! 
All the apostles were radical, and I believe it to be 
every Christian's duty to be radically opposed to ev- 
ery wrong. It is universally admitted that the to- 
bacco habit is a " lust of the flesh." And Paul says, 
Rom. 13: 14, " Make not provision for the flesh, to 
fulfill the lust thereof." 

Again, " Whatsoever ye do, do all to the glory of 
God." 1 Cor. 10: 31. Decision of Annual Meeting, 
1S27, Art. 12, concerning members engaged in the 
raising of tobacco: " Considered that members 
should have nothing to do with such things by 
which so much mischief is done and so many men 
(and women, too,) are led captive, as is the case 
with tobacco." The above decision was readopted 
in 1881, Art. 14. 

Now, if the violation of the above Scriptures and 
the decision of Annual Meeting does not jeopardize 
the eternal interest of the soul, then my position is 
blind fanaticism, and I humbly beg for some good 
brother or sister to relieve me of my blindness. 
But if it does jeopardize the eternal interest of the 
soul, then I fear that some of the ministers of the 
present day will be classed with the watchman 
spoken of in Isa. 56:10, 11: " Cry aloud, spare not, 
lift up thy voice like a trumpet, and show my peo- 
ple their transgressions." Isa. 58:1. "For whoso- 
ever shall keep the whole law, and yet offend in one 
point, he is guilty of all." James 2: 10. 

Jesse Stutsman. 

Pitsburg, Ohio. 



No one man can know everything about all 
things, but one man may know a great deal about 
one thing. One gifted in prophecy may only watch 
the movements of earth's political kingdoms to see 
them fill up or fulfill the measures of divine pro- 
phecy reaching the time when "the kingdoms of 
this world are become the kingdoms of our Lord, 
and of his Christ." Rev. 11: 15. 

As this time approaches many and sudden will be 
the changes in the governments of the earth. Few 
will see the cause and fewer will see the purpose. 
In all times, in all ages, the human mind has been 
so absorbed with self-getting and self-seeking that 
prophecies have been set aside as "too mysterious." 
But God has always had teachers whose spirits "are 
subject to the prophets." 1 Cor. 14: 32. 

Recently Wu Ting-Fang, Chinese minister to the 
United States, in an able address said that Christian 
ministers came to his country declaring the religion 
of the Prince of Peace, but proceeded forthwith to 
take Chinese territory and to despoil his people. 
" It would be better," said Ting-Fang, " to live 



Jan, 20, 1900. 

among a people who practice the tenets of Confu- 
cius and Mencius than among a people who profess 
to believe in the highest standard of morality, but do 
not practice what they believe. The aphorism of 
Tennyson should be changed so as to read: ' Better 
fifty years in Cathay than a cycle in Europe.' 
Christianity and civilization, as I understand them, 
do not teach people to ignore the rights of others, 
nor do they approve the seizure of another's prop- 
erty against his will." 

Thus our civilization is rebuked and justly, too, 
by a heathen. The uprooting of error and the prop- 
agating of truth can be done along peaceful lines, 
but nations, like men, get in a hurry, hence use 
force and cruelty instead of the principles of the 
Prince of Peace. Rapidly God is moulding the 
minds and paving the way for " all Israel " to again 
come together as laid down in Ezekiel 48. It is a 
joy to see the brush being cleared away for this 
event and for Christ's personal appearing. " How 
readest thou? " 

Salem, Oregon. 



In Two Parts. Part Two. 

Proposition 3. — " The Washing of Feet is an Or- 
dinance Established by Jesus Christ, and by him Com- 
manded to be Observed by all the Saints in the Pub- 
lic Assembly of his church until his coming." 

Affirmative Argument r. 

Based on the command and example of Christ, 
John 13:12-15. "Ought" and "should" defined. 
" Webster " and " Harvey's Grammar," p. 85, Rem. I. 

Thought i. — No plainer command than this giv- 
en. Neither baptism nor the Communion is given 
more forcibly. 

Thought 2. -When our faith and practice are 
founded on the precept and example of Christ, we 
have the strongest evidence that we are right that it 
is possible for us to have. 

Syllogis?n. — An institution which has the precept 
and example of Christ for its foundation is a church 
ordinance. Feet-washing has the precept and ex- 
ample of Christ for its foundation. Therefore feet- 
washing is a church ordinance. 

Points in Argument. — ( I ) Christ gave the example. 
(2) After that commanded it, verses 12-15. (3) 
He also commanded them to teach the observance 
of all things he had commanded. Matt. 28: 20. 

Affirmative Argument 2. 

Founded on the fact that it has all the character- 
istics necessary to establish an ordinance. 

Thought i. — It has the example of Christ for its 

Thought 2.— It has the command of Christ for 
authority. 1 Johu 2: 4; Eph. 5:28; Acts 5:29:1 
John 2: 6; 4:11; Matt. 25:27. My opponent never 
did wash feet as Christ did and commanded it. 

Thought 3.— It has, further, the instruction of 
Christ to teach its observance as well as any other 

Thought 4. — What more could be necessary? 

Thought 5. — For Christ to observe an institution 
with his people once, establishes it as an ordinance. 

Syllogism 1. — An institution which has all the 
characteristics necessary to establish an ordinance 
in the church is a church ordinance. Feet-washing 
has all the characteristics necessary to establish an 
ordinance in the church. Therefore feet-washing is 
a church ordinance. 2. For Christ to observe an in- 
stitution with his people once establishes it as a 
church ordinance. Christ did observe feet-washing 
with his people once. Therefore feet-washing is a 
church ordinance. 

Affirmative Argument 3. 
Based on the fact that Christ is the author of it. 
Thought i. — Paul tells us to look to Jesus, the 
author and finisher of our faith. Heb. 12:2. 

Thought 2.— When Jesus is the author of our 
faith, the faith of all is just alike. 

Thought 3. — When Jesus is the finisher of our 
faith, there is likewise no difference— all believe and 
do just alike. 

Thought 4. Our differences do not come from 

Thought 5. — Difference between faith and man's 
opinion, between Christ and my opponent, and be- 
tween him and me. Where he differs from me he 
differs from Christ; hence he must be wrong. 

Syllogism.— Out faith and practice are right when 
Jesus is the author and finisher of them. Jesus is 
the author and finisher of our faith and practice on 
feet-washing. Therefore our faith and practice on 
feet-washing are right. 

Affirmative Argument 4. 

Based on the fact that the precept and example 
of Christ include believers, disciples, only. 

Thought i. — The feet-washing taught by Christ 
is confined to the church only, hence is a church or- 

Thought 2. — Feet-washing, the Lord's Supper 
and the Communion are alike, so far as being public 
is concerned. If one is a public ordinance, so are 
the others, for Christ made no difference in this re- 
spect. They were all new to the disciples, all be- 
gan with Christ's example. 

Thought 3. — No intimation was given by Christ 
to wash feet outside of the church. He, like Paul 
with the widow, 1 Tim. 5:10, confines it to the 
saints — the church; hence it is a church ordinance. 

Syllogism. —An institution which is confined to 
the church by Christ is a church ordinance. Feet- 
washing is confined to the church by Christ. There- 
fore feet-washing is a church ordinance. 

Affirmative Argument 5. 

Founded on the fact that Christ commanded the 
disciples to wash one another's feet. Here Christ's 
example was contrasted with the ancient custom; al- 
so with my opponent's practice. 

Thought i. — Some things the saints are to do 
with and for one another— break bread with, pray 
for, exhort, love, salute one another. This peculiar 
use shows the force of this expression when Christ 
commanded the disciples to wash one another's 
feet. Thus confining it to the saints makes it a re- 
ligious rite— a church ordinance. 

Thought 2. - Christ says, "Wash one another's 
feet." My opponent says, Wash strangers' and visit- 
ors' feet. This makes the difference between him 
and Christ. The difference between him and Christ 
is the difference between him and me. The Eng- 
lish one another is used when move than two objects 
are considered. So the German rendering is, wash 
feet among yourselves; hence it is a church ordi- 

Affirmative Argumetd 6. 

Based on the fact that Christ attaches a great 
penalty to disobedience in feet-washing. John 13: 8. 

Thought i. — No greater penalty could be at- 
tached: " If I wash thee not, thou hast no part with 

Thought 2. — No penalty like that is attached to 
the ancient custom of feet-washing or to my oppo- 
nent's feet-washing. 

Thought 3. — When Christ attaches so great a 
penalty, he makes it an ordinance so important that 
it is essential to membership. 

Thought 4. — Here is one case of feet-washing 
gone to judgment. 

Thought 5. — The widow (1 Tim. 5: 10) could be 
accepted with, not without, feet-washing. 

Thought 6. — No other command is given more 
forcibly — example, precept and penalty. 

Can it be possible that Christ will retract or re- 
voke his teaching on this subject at the great judg- 
ment day? If not, the penalty stands. 

Affirmative Argument 7. 

Founded on the spiritual design of the feet-wash- 
ing commanded by Christ. 

Thought i. — Enjoined upon believers, the spiritu- 
al children of God, only. 

Thought 2. — All ordinances have a formal, a lit- 
eral, side to them as well as a spiritual side. 

Thought 3. — " What I do, thou knowest not now." 
John 13:6,7. Note the three points here. (1) Had 
it been ancient custom, Peter would have known all 
about it. (2) Had it been to remove dirt, he would 
have understood that. (3) Had it been a common 
practice between Christ and the disciples, he like- 
wise would have known it and understood him now. 
This shows it to be a new institution. 

Thought 4, — " Thou shalt know hereafter." Pe- 
ter did learn afterwards: (a) vs. 8,9; (d) vs. 10, II; 
(c) vs. 14, 15. Wicked persons could not receive 
this spiritual cleansing. 

Affirmative Argument 4. 

Our Savior's feet-washing differs from all other 
feet-washing spoken of in sacred or profane history. 

Thought i.— Differing from all, it can not be any 
one of them. 

Thought 2. — Commanded to saints only. An- 
cient custom was for the world, regardless of faith. 

Thought 3. — Disciples commanded to wash one 
another's feet — ancients washed their own feet. 

Thought 4. — Attending circumstances: upper 
room, supper, table, saints only; not to remain over 
night, hence not entertainment. 

Thought 5. — It represented a spiritual cleansing 
which wicked persons could not receive. 

Thought 6. — Penalty attached. These facts show 
it to be a new institution and not ancient ci^tom. 

Syllogism. — A new institution, in the sense of 
Christ being the first to introduce it in the Christian 
church, is a church ordinance. Feet-washing was 
new in the sense of Christ being the first to intro- 
duce it in the Christian church. Therefore feet- 
washing is a church ordinance. 

Affirmative Argument p. 

Type and Antitype System. — Never has there been 
a time since God had an organized body of people 
that they did not have a religious rite of feet-washing. 

Thought i. — New Testament ordinances have their 
type under the law, in the Old Testament: (a) Bap- 
tism, Ex. 29: 4; (b) Lord's Supper, Ex. 12: 3-11; 
(c) Communion, Ex. 29: 3S-41 ; (d) Feet-washing, 
Ex. 30: 17-21. Then verily the first covenant had 
also ordinances of divine service and a worldly sanc- 
tuary. Heb. 9: 1. 

Fads on Feet-washing — Recapitulation. 

Christ commanded it. 

It has all the characteristics of an ordinance. 
Christ shows it to have a spiritual design. 
He attaches a severe penalty to disobedience : 
He promises a blessing upon obedience. 
6. More than this cannot be said of any other or- 
dinance. > 

" Blessed are they that do his commandments." 
John 14: 15-24; Matt. 4: 4; Matt. 7: 24-27; Rev. 22: 


■ ♦ ■ 







When repentance and yielding to the Master's 
call is put off until the eventide of life, or the very 
brink of death, the time is described as " the elev- 
enth hour." Reference is thereby had to the par- 
able of the laborers, as given in the twentieth chap- 
ter of St. Matthew. 

While the writer would not rob the late-hour pen- 
itent, or his friends, of the consolation that this pas- 
sage may afford as death draws nigh, it may be a 
question as to the fitness of the application in all 
cases. The scene presented in the parable is of 
laborers awaiting some one to hire them. In each 
instance, as the householder proposes to employ 
them, they go at once to his vineyard, eager for the 
work. There is no hint of any standing from early 
morn until the shadows lengthen at night, constant- 
ly refusing to work, and then at the eleventh hour ac- 

Jan. 20, I9°°- 



cepting. And is it at all likely that the household- 
er would have given as much for one hour's work, to 
a laborer who had refused all offers until the day 
was almost gone, and his part of the harvest not 
reaped? And yet that is what would be expected 
under the common application of the parable. In 
reality, however, this parable of our Savior was 
given merely as an illustration of the last verse of 
the preceding chapter, the nineteenth of St. Mat- 
thew. There is no doubt but it teaches that a mo- 
mentary service of the Master, while it is yet day 
with the soul, may receive as rich reward as lifelong 
work at the hands of some other person. At the 
same time there is nothing in the parable that 
should encourage any person to put off the day of 
the Master's service until the " eleventh hour," when 
he has been calling all the day. It is not a question 
of length of service, or the amount accomplished, 
but of the spirit of the servant. To break all earth- 
ly ties and cling to the Savior with a simple trust 
that the heavenly Householder will give what is 
right, is even better than to have an eye on the prom- 
ise of a full day's service, and when it is performed 
to receive simply what is promised. 

The parable of the laborers, as well as the Scrip- 
tures in general, condemn the inclination to look fcr 
a specified reward for our service. There is a good 
reason for this, and it is found in the over-abun- 
dance of God's blessings to his children. If it were 
possible for a man to specify and particularize every 
blessing he wants in the heavenly world and to re- 
ceive all these as a reward for devoted service, his 
joys would be the least of all others, because God 
has prepared more than any of us can ask or ima- 
gine for all who love him. The person who accepts 
the Savior at a late day may give himself as an ac- 
ceptable offering, precious in God's sight, but the 
probabilities are that to have gone at the first hour 
of the call to serve him would have been better still. 
There were then fewer withdrawing cords to break, 
and all surrounding conditions were such as to bet- 
ter favor a burial of self in a glad yielding to the 
Master's will. But after all, whether the " last shall 
v be first' ; and the first last " depends not upon the 
length or amount of service given, but upon the 
spirit of that service. 
Warrensburg Mo. 


In Philadelphia. 

The following extract is from the United Presby- 
terian Worker, Philadelphia, for April, 1876. 

Mr. Moody is generally fearless in the utterance 
of his convictions. An illustration of this. may be 
given. In one of his " Bible readings " in this city 
his subject was " Walking with God." He read and 
explained several passages relating to this subject. 
Turning to 2 Cor. 6: 14, he read, " Be ye not une- 
qually yoked together with unbelievers." " Now," 
said he, " some of you may be hit by what I have to 
say on this text. But I pray God to help me to tell 
you the.truth." " Amen," " amen," came from sev- 
eral quarters in the audience. " Some of you that 
are saying ' amen ' may get hit," said Mr. Moody. 
Then, reading the passage again, " Be ye not une- 
qually yoked together with unbelievers," his first re- 
mark was, as nearly as we can remember, " Some of 
you would give up your connection with secret so- 
cieties if you would obey that text. Believers and 
unbelievers are together in these, and Christians are 
thus unequally yoked." 

In the Hippodrome, New York. 

Mr. Moody has made a record against the anti- 
Christ of the lodge of which no honest Christian man 
need be ashamed. In Brooklyn he bore testimony 
that the assumed benevolence of the lodge cannot 
be compared with the exercise of the genuine virtue 
by the church. In Philadelphia he explained the 
Word of God to be against the lodge alliance, and 
in the crowded Hippodrome in New York he repeats 
this exposition and shows that his testimony is not 
heard alone before the public audience. In this good 
work Mr. Moody literally follows the Lord, who for 
us "made himself of no reputation." For a popu- 

lar evangelist of Mr. Moody's experience to stand 
for this truth before the whole Christian world, is an 
act of moral courage only to be looked for in one 
led by the Spirit. The New York Witness thus re- 
ports his remarks on Wednesday, April 5th: 

Now look at 2 Thess. 3:6: "Now we command 
you, brethren, in the name of our Lord Jesus Christ, 
that ye withdraw yourselves from every brother 
that walketh disorderly and not after the tradition 
which he received of us," and 2 Cor. 6: 14: " Be ye 
not unequally yoked together with unbelievers; for 
what fellowship hath righteousness with unright- 
eousness, and what communion hath light with 
darkness? Wherefore come out from among them, 
and be ye separate, saith the Lord, and touch not 
the unclean thing, and I will receive you." Now if 
that is a not very clear language, that if we are going 
to keep company with God, we have got to be separ- 
ated from the world, I don't know what is. I don't 
know but that it would be a good thing to stop 
preaching the Gospel, and preach separation. This 
idea that Christians have got to be mixed up with 
ungodly men, is all contrary to the Word of God. 
Oh! that some prophet would be raised up that 
would cry separation until we get the church of God 
separated from the world! " Be ye not unequally 
yoked together with unbelievers." Some say that it 
is matrimony. When I was in Philadelphia I spoke 
upon the text, and after the sermon a minister came 
down and said he agreed in almost all I said, " but I 
don't think," said he, " that it meant secret socie- 
ties." " Do you belong to one?" I said. He said 
yes. " You see people will not admit that a text 
applies to themselves. I think the thing, however, 
is very plain. If I am yoked up with an ungodly 
man how is God going to walk with me? How are 
we going to walk together except we be agreed?" 
Mr. Moody then proceeded to show that in business 
and in matrimony we should be united as Christians, 
and in a general way urged upon all Christians the 
necessity of not conforming to this world, but keep 
constantly looking to Jesus. 

In Chicago at a Christian Convention. 

Is it consistent with a deep state of spirituality to unite with 
secret societies and take their oaths? 

Answer by Mr. Moody. — Of course every man 
must do as he pleases. I can't speak for others, but 
I could not belong to a secret society. Christ said, 
" In secret have I said nothing," and Paul says, " Be 
not unequally yoked together with unbelievers." I 
would not like to be yoked up with unbelievers in 
anything. I don't see how a Christian man can 
yoke himself in partnership with an unconverted 
man. I know a Christian who is in difficulty now. 
He formed a partnership with two unconverted men, 
and they have done something which will compro- 
mise him — break him — or make him do an infamous 
thing. Separate yourselves from the world and the 
things of the world. God wants his people sepa- 
rate. They will have ten thousand times more in- 
fluence when separate from the world. It is separa- 
tion, not compromise, that we want. The cry ought 
to be raised all over this Western country, " Separa- 
tion, separation!" But people will say, "If you 
take that stand — lift yourselves so high — a great 
many of these men will leave the church." Never 
mind. If we should lose some church members we 
shall gain many that are better men. Hundreds 
will come in and take their places. There should 
be no compromise. Some try to control the pulpits 
on this subject. They say, " He don't preach ad- 
cording to our ideas. We don't want him." May 
God, in his love, deliver us from the many difficulties 
we have to contend against. 

Later In Farwell Hall, Chicago. 

f In his Bible reading in Farwell Hall, Chicago, Dec. 
14, 1876, Mr. Moody took for his theme, " Walking 
with God." As one of the conditions of this state 
he mentioned separation from the ungodly, quoting 
Paul, " Be ye not unequally yoked together with un- 
believers." These words, he said, must mean some- 
thing, and he made three distinct applications of 
them: as forbidding business partnerships with un- 
believers, entering the marriage relation with an un- 
believer, and joining secret lodges. On the last 

topic he said, I expect I will be treading on some 
one's toes, perhaps some in the audience, and per- 
haps some of these ministers; but out with it. I do 
not see how any Christian, most of all a Christian 
minister, can go into these secret lodges with unbe- 
lievers. They say they can have more influence for 
good, but I say they can have more influence for 
good by staying out of them, and then reproving 
their evil deeds. Abraham had more influence for 
good in Sodom than Lot had. If twenty-five Chris- 
tians go into a secret lodge with fifty who are not 
Christians, the fifty can vote anything they please, 
and the twenty-five will be partakers of their sins. 
They are unequally yoked with unbelievers. " But," 
says some one, " what do you say about these secret 
temperance orders? " / say the same thing. Do no 
evil that good may come. You never can reform 
anything by unequally yoking yourself with ungod- 
ly men. True reformers separate themselves from 
the world. " But," you say, "you had one of them 
in your church." So I did, but when I found out 
what it was I cleaned it out like a cage of unclean 
birds. They drew in a lot of young men of the 
church in the name of temperance, and then they 
got up a dance and kept them out till after twelve 
at night. I was a partaker of their sin because I let 
them get into the church; but they ivere cleaned out, 
and they never came back. This idea of promoting 
temperance by yoking oneself up in that way with 
ungodly men is abominable. The most abominable 
meeting I ever attended was a temperance meeting 
in England. It was full of secret societies and 
there was no Christianity about it. I felt as though 
I had got into Sodom and got out as soon as I could. 
A man rescued from intemperance by a society not 
working on Gospel principles gets filled with pride 
and boasts about reforming himself. Such a man is 
harder to save than a drunkard. " But, Mr Moo- 
dy," some say, " if you talk that way you will drive 
all the members of secret societies out of your 
meetings and out of your churches." But what if I 
do? Better men will take their places. Give them 
the truth anyway, and if they would rather leave 
their churches than their lodges the sooner they get 
out of the churches the better. I would rather have 
ten members who were separated from the world 
than a thousand such members. Come out from 
the lodge. Better one with God than a thousand 
without him. We must walk with God and if only 
one or two go with us it is all right. Do not let down 
the standard to suit men who love their secret lodg- 
es or have some darling sin they will not give up. 
Mr. Moody in Boston, March 31, 1877. 
In a glowing discourse on the subject " Walking 
with God," he is reported by the Boston Globe as say- 
ing: " What right has a praying man to marry a friv- 
olous, scoffing young lady that hates Jesus Christ, 
the Bridegroom of the church of God? ' Be ye not 
unequally yoked together.' It means more than 
that. What right has a Christian man to be in some 
of those lodges where there are infidels and sceptics 
that care not and scoff at the Word of God? The 
Word of God pumps right through such a profes- 
sion of faith. People want me to join clubs, reform 
clubs, lodges, etc. Not I. I will not yoke myself 
up with anything of the sort. Separation is what 
we want if we would have power. Let us not vacil- 
late here and there and be catering to public opin- 
ion. I had rather be rejoicing in Christ, with God 
leading me, alone, than have all Boston applauding, 
walking without God." — Christian Cynosure. 


The evil spirit called sin may be trained up to 
politeness and made to be genteel sin; it may be 
elegant, cultivated sin; it may be very exclusive and 
fashionable sin; it may be industrious, thrifty sin; it 
may be a great political manager, a great commer- 
cial operator, a great inventor; it may be learned, 
scientific, eloquent, highly poetic sin! Still, it is 
sin, and, being that, has, in fact, the same radical 
and fundamental quality that, in its ranker and less 
restrained conditions, produces all the most hideous 
and revolting crimes of the world. -Horace BushntU, 



Jan. 20, 1900 


Sermon Outlines, Homiletical Suggestions and Aids 
for the Minister. 

^T"Wo earnestly solicit contributions (or this department ol the Gos- 
pel Messenger, in way ol well-prepared sermon outlmes. and short, crisp, 
practical helps lor the preacher. Due credit will Invariable- be given. Ad- 
diess all matter Intended lor this department to Eld. A. H. Puthrbaugh, 
Box 776. Elkhart. Ind. 



An Outline on the Parable of the Pearl of Great 
Price.— Matt. Jj : 46. 
I, It costs a searching, though free. 

1. The search must be individual. 

2. It must be earnest. 

1 1. It costs a sacrifice, a selling out, a converting of means. 

1. This sacrifice must be willingly made. 

2. The sacrifice must be complete, all must go to obtain 
this gift. 

III. It costs a giving, an exchange of ownership. 

1. A turning over of our possessions to another; not part, 
but all. 

2. A voluntary purchase. 



To one just called to the ministry, there is great 
responsibility assumed and obligations undertaken, 
only in part recognized by the one entering the 
shrine of the sacred calling. Growth, development 
and experience gradually unfold most vividly to 
view the greatness of his field of activity. 

The one great book for you to study all your life 
is the Bible, and you need not worry much as to 
what is to be learned elsewhere, until you have read, 
reread and meditated upon the truths of this one 
Book. It is the companion book of your life, the 
center around which all other literary endeavor 
worthy of your attention is to assume position; the 
one source of information pre-eminently above ev- 
ery other and to which all others must be subservi- 
ent. It has stood the - tests of ages through the 
darkest eras of the world's history; fire, persecution, 
sword and the wrecks of empires and kingdoms, it 
h,as passed unscathed. Higher criticism, attacks of 
infidels and atheists have only served to give a finer 
polish and a keener edge. It is this glorious book 
with its system of redeeming grace that is put into 
your hand at the very threshhold of your life and 
companionship with Jesus Christ. You can give up 
all other books and place your hand in the hand of 
the trusted Pilot with God's chart before you and 
sail safely over, reaching your home in peace. 

You need not spend large money for other books 
until you are acquainted with this one and have chos- 
en for yourself its life companionship. With a good 
acquaintance with the Scriptures as a whole you 
may begin the actual exegesis. Study, unfold, inter- 
pret, memorize until the divine system stands out in 
bold relief in its entirety before your mind. You 
will need a great amount of study, verse by verse 
and paragraph by paragraph, to get well in hand the 
information you need. A regular time each day for 
this kind of study cannot fail to produce great re- 
sults in the work of any Christian minister. A 
preacher celebrated for his extensive Biblical learn- 
ing sat in his study with comments on one hand, 
Bible and English dictionaries on the other, and up- 
on his knee the Bible. As he read he prayed, not 
for eloquence, not for influence, not for praise, but 
for knowledge, wisdom and the fire of the Holy 
Spirit, that he might know and feel and thus give to 
others. You need not be in haste. You may want 
five, yea, ten years rightly to unfold and develop 
the truth you are seeking. God may be slow in 
giving, yet not likely more so than you are in assim- 
ilating. Come often to the fountain for wisdom; 
linger in patience until the Master gives a listening 
ear and proffers an open hand. Jacob dug for wa- 
ter and the well was deep, but was richly rewarded. 
Valuable treasures are often difficult to obtain and 
require great effort to make them ours. You will 
find the great utility of earnest, persistent effort. It 
never shows to greater advantage than when in pur- 
suit of divine things. A constant continuance of 
study, verse by verse, throughout your entire life, 

will render your study of texts easy and graceful, 
and give you such a fund of information that your 
texts and subjects will unfold with perfect delight 
to yourself and those who hear you. As you grow 
in divine favor you may reach out and draw to your- 
self information from every quarter such as will en- 
able you to make plain and emphatic the truth of 
the Holy Book. No matter how busy you are, you 
will find time to do much more reading than you 
now think possible. Never worry when your hands 
are full and new work presses upon you — just 
go at it with a will and you will be surprised at 
the load you can move. Pressing things, to be done 
at once, honors coming to men once or twice in a 
lifetime, always go to busy men. Why? 

Do not make your sermons long; for the first few 
years limit to twenty or thirty minutes. The length 
of time you preach is no index as to the worth of your 
sermon. An ounce of gold can be made to cover a 
great amount of surface, but it must be made very 
thin to do so. You may spread your sermon over 
much time, but it may become thin. A few points 
well unfolded, richly embellished from the Sacred 
Book, going direct to the heart, will set you toad- 
vantage wherever you go. You will find much ad- 
vantage in having a regular, set time for study. You 
need not be surprised when I suggest, too, a regular 
system of study. A thorough course in the English 
grammar, rhetoric, and logic, in the order named, 
will serve as a foundation for your literary attain- 
ments. Rhetoric should include homiletics. I am 
not suggesting a line of study, educationally, that is 
an entirely different problem— but I wish to lead 
you up to a system of thorough work in sermon 
study. Outline your work, commit to memory, or 
what is far better, so arrange your outline that the 
preceding thought naturally and logically suggests 
the following; then little memorizing is needed. 
Make plain as you go. The child mind is to be the 
standard; then everybody can understand you. This 
special sermon to beginners, along with what has 
been written in a general way heretofore, may serve 
to help many to exalt, in the name of Jesus, the call- 
ing of a minister. p. 



The Baptism and Temptation of Jesus.— Matt. 
3: 13 to 4: 11. 

Lesson for Jan. 28, itjoo. 

Golden Text. — This is my beloved Son, in whom I am 
well pleased. — Matt. 3: 17. 

There is nothing in the history and life of Christ 
that has given the Christian world more careful 
thought than the baptism of Christ. Being, as it is, 
the initiatory rite into the visible kingdom and 
church of Christ, it places the rite first in importance 
to the Christian as he starts towards the better life. 
Hence its place in the economy of grace should not 
only be understood, but its significance must be ap- 
plied in order that we may be a recognized child of 

The ordinance of baptism is significant as to its 
application to the subject. It is expressive of the 
change that takes place in the soul in the process of 
a genuine conversion -in dying to sin and being 
made alive to righteousness — of a death and a birth 
— burial of the old man of sin and resurrection of a 
new man in Christ Jesus. It is the sign of the 
change from one state to another, from the kingdom 
of sin to the kingdom of righteousness. There is no 
other form of invitation that could so forcibly set 
forth the change that conversion is intended to pro- 

John the Baptist had already been preparing sub- 
jects for the new kingdom that was to be established, 
of which Jesus was to be King. The rite signifying 
the preparedness of the people was baptism. They 
were all baptized of John in the Jordan, confessing 
their sins. The subjects are prepared and the King 
has now come. And our lesson says: " Then com- 
eth Jesus from Galilee to Jordan unto John, to be 
baptized of him." Not that he needed the rite to 

express or figure the change that had taken pla Ct 
in his life, because he had not sinned — needed 
repentance and no baptism — but that he might f u |, 
fil all righteousness or, in other words, honor hi 
own institution and become the complete and f U ]| 
example, in all things, so that he could truthfully 
say to a lost world, '- Follow me." 

Adam Clark in his comment on this passage says; 
" Baptism undoubtedly was the initiatory ordinance 
of the Baptist's dispensation. Now as Christ had 
submitted to circumcision which was the initiator; 
ordinance of the Mosaic dispensation, it was neces. 
sary that he should submit to this which was insti 
tuted by no less an authority and was the introduc. 
tion to his own dispensation of eternal mercy anc 
truth. But it was necessary on another account 
our Lord represented the high priest and was to be 
the high priest over the house of God. Now as the 
high- priest was initiated into his office by washing 
and anointing, so must Christ, and hence he was 
baptized, washed, and anointed by the Holy Ghost.' 
In this way Christ was fully inducted into the holy 
office as our Great High Priest. 

And as we come to him through the washing of 
regeneration we have the assurance that we will be 
accepted of him. The Father said, " This is my 
loved Son, in whom I am well pleased." This 
leaves the way open and clear for us to follow. " Hi 
that believeth and is baptized shall be saved," 
the words of the Master. Do we believe? 

But following the baptism, representing the new 
life, we have something else that we want to look 
at. It is the temptation. " Then was Jesus led up, 
of the Spirit, into the wilderness to be tempted of 
the devil." He came not only to show us how to 
enter into the new life, but also how it would be 
when getting there. His example was to show 
not only how to be born, but how to live, as we! 
Life, because of sin, was to be a struggle, a warfare, 
and that we might know how to do he led' m the 
way. The temptations that beset him after his bap- 
tism represent all the temptations that can beset 
in their worst forms. And as they loom up before 
us in their most attractive forms we can; feel thj£/ 
the Christ was assailed with the same kind o\ 
temptations, intensified in form and power. And if 
we meet them in the same way that he did, our vic- 
tory will be as easy and as complete as was his. 
" Get thee hence, Satan." 

The first lesson we get in this is that as in all 
points we are tempted, so it was with Christ, and as 
he overcame so may we. And in every temptation 
which may beset us he has made a way whereby we 
may escape. And he will not allow us to be tempt- 
ed above that which we are able to bear. These 
temptations will come to us and there is no time, 
perhaps, that they come with greater force or in 
greater profusion than soon after our baptism. And 
there is no time that we need to call more assurin. 
ly to Christ for help. I can do all things throuj 
Christ, who strengtheneth me. h. b. b. 


It is a very unwise policy for any man to throw 
away the knowledge that has cost him months or 
years of patient and painful toil. This is especially 
true of Bible students. The fact that a passage of 
Scripture, for example, has been partially investi- 
gated is a reason why it should be exhaustively mas' 
tered. To lay the foundation of a sermon or a lec- 
ture, and then stop work on it is poor thrift- 
Whatever task is undertaken ought to be carried for- 
ward to completion. No farmer thinks of planting 
a crop, and neglecting to cultivate it. The habit of 
finishing all that we begin contributes largely to our 
strength and steadiness of character. — C. Advocate. 

At a great banquet a discussion arose between an 
an abstainer and others on the use of wine. The 
former, holding up his glass of water, said, " Every 
sip I take of this lessens my desire for more; every 
drop you take of that increases your desire f° r 
more." And they all confessed that it was true, 
Pacific Eyisigti. 

Jan. 20, 1900. 






The day is breaking, and the shadows flee, 

But ere I meet the busy world of care, 
With grateful heart I fondly turn to Thee; 

Hear thou my morning prayer! 
Guide thou my feet, whatever way I take; 

Lead me alike in shadow or in shine; 
For me this day the living manna break, 

And clothe with mail divine. 
I will not fear, although the way be long; 

If thou shalt guide, I cannot go astray; 
Take thou my hand, and fill my lips with song, 

And lead me all the way. 
Let all my weakness trust thy gracious might, 

And wait alway to hear thy tender call; 
So shall thy presence make the darkness light, 

When evening shadows fall. 

us, that the seed sown may be nurtured unto God's 
divine will and obedience. Blessed with love, long- 
suffering, patience, meekness, kindness, charity, we 
as mothers, will bring sons and daughters into the 
next generation that will not know envy, hatred, 
malice or refusing to know and accept Christ; but 
will be born unto Christ, ready and fit for the Mas- 
ter's use. 

God grant it so to be with mothers, is my prayer 
for those entering into the motherhood state. Oh, 
will you not? I plead for Christ's sake, take it all 
to him who has promised to be with you even unto 
the end. 

Nappanee, Ind. 

■ ■ » ' 





Some burdens are self-imposed, some forced 
upon one and there are those happy-go-lucky 
persons to whom the word " burden " is apparently 
obsolete. Yesterday we met a burdened soul and 
to-day a burdened body. 

Mark the difference. The former knew no hope, 
felt no possibility of deliverance, recognized no 
refuge, but hugged his burden closer, wrapped his 
garments about it and struggled helplessly and 
hopelessly on. The latter had a heavy burden, the 
poor body was bowed .beneath its weight and lines 
of care and streaks of gray told of suffering; but 
the soul looked calmly forward. Why? Because it 
had faith in God. No cloud shadowed for one 
moment that sweet hope and faith. Each day wit- 
nesses a new effort to cast away the burden, but the 
time has not yet come, so this dear, patient, toiling 
^Christian bears the grievous load, hopefully trusting 
■ in time to be delivered and in faith looks up to God 
believing. The burden grows lighter. The poor 
pilgrim has tried so many times and in so many 
different ways, and at last patient endeavor and 
prayerful effort are rewarded. 

At the foot of the cross is peace and rest, full 
compensation for all that has been borne along the 
weary way, and at last the goal is reached, the vic- 
tory won. The " come unto me" has been heeded, 
and Christ receives another weary wanderer, and yet 
there's room. " Come unto me, all ye that labor 
and are heavy laden, and I will give you rest." 
Glorious invitation, divine compassion, unmeasured 
love. Go now and cast every care upon him, for 
He careth for you. 
Ladoga, Ind. _ 



First let her be a happy woman or mother. Per- 
haps it would be better to say let there be cheerful 
mothers, because there is no real sunshiny cheerful- 
ness possible without happiness in the heart. And 
there may be happiness if the heart is rightly placed 
and strong in love and faith even when the outlook 
of life is dark and the clouds on the path are heavy. 
There may be but little money in the purse, there 
may be a dear one lying on the couch fading by de- 
grees, there may be already a vacant seat at the 
table; and with it all in the heart of a true Christian 
mother there is gladness mingled with the sorrow. 
The happiest children are those that have happy 
mothers. The young lives of our daughters that 
grow up in the shadow of a discontented, repining 
and gloomy mother are like the plants unwatered by 
kindly dews. 

Let me, then, for our daughters' sake, and sons' 
as well, say to mothers, When the seed first is sown, 
let mother cultivate love for Christ and his right- 
eousness first. O let us, as expectant mothers, take 
it to the Lord in secret prayer and ask him to help 

I met him on a street corner — a bright, black-eyed 
lad of perhaps fourteen summers. I had seen him 
there evening after evening, and wondered whether 
there was no one who knew the temptations he en- 

I made friends with him and won his confidence. 
Then I questioned him kindly in regard to his 
spending so much time in the street. 

" I know," he said, looking up at me in such a 
frank, winning way, that I could not help thinking 
what a noble man he might make, " the street is not 
the best place for a boy, but you see there's no 
place for me at home." 

I was surprised and pained at the answer. 

" How is that?" I asked. 

" Well, I have two grown-up sisters, and they en- 
tertain company in the parlor every evening. They 
give me to understand that I am ' a third party,' and 
not wanted. Then papa is always tired, and he 
dozes in the sitting room and does not like to be 
disturbed. It's pretty lonesome, you see; so I come 
down here. It was not always so," he went on. 
" Before grandma died I always went up to her room 
and had a jolly time. Grandma liked boys." 

There was a quaver in the voice now that told of 
a sorrow time had not yet healed. 

" But your mother," I suggested. 

" Oh, mammal— she is only a reformer, and has 
no time to spend with me. She is always visiting 
the prisons and workhouses, trying to reform the 
men, and writing articles on how to save the boys." 

" And her own boy in danger! " 

" Yes. I am not half as good as I was before 
grandma died. I am getting rough, I am afraid. 
There does not seem to be anyone to take an inter- 
est in me, so it does not much matter." 

It was a hard, bitter truth; and yet I know that 
this was not the only boy who needed a wise, gentle 
hand to guide him through the dangerous period. 

mothers! are you blind, that you cannot see the 
danger of your own, but look for that of others? 

Make home the brightest spot on earth for your 
children. Take an interest in their sports; make 
yourself young for their sakes, and then you can 
feel that you have done your whole duty. 

1 think the saddest, most hopeless thing I ever 
heard from a boy's lips was that sentence, " There is 
no place for me at home." God forgive that mother 
and open her eyes before it is too late, and help 
other mothers to heed the warning! 

How is it, mothers? Are your boys in danger? 
Think of this, ponder over it, pray over it.— Chil- 
dren's Visitor. 

» ■ 


support and protector until " death do part us." 
But this brave woman had risen from the billows of 
her great sorrow and her bright, sunshiny face had 
brought joy to many homes, and many hearts had 
been cheered by her tender words and deeds of 

The second woman we visited had in her life met 
and overcome three great sorrows, or, as we prefer 
to call them, tests of character. The first was the 
loss of her hearing, so that she is completely shut 
out from the lectures, concerts and sermons she so 
much enjoyed. The second test was the loss of her 
only daughter, a sweet young girl, the hope and joy 
of the mother's life. The third test or disappoint- 
ment which this brave woman has experienced is 
her inability to meet and associate with intelligent, 
refined people. Through her husband's choice she 
is obliged to live in a lonely place away from the 
friends she loves. No distant sound of bells or 
nearer warble of bird's song comes to her poor dull 
ears, but alone she lives in blank, unbroken silence. 
Does she repine and with clouded brow and un- 
smiling lips meet the few who are able to see her? 
Ah no, she has made her home a bower of beauty 
and gathered to herself all the bright things she 
could reach. Those things which are beyond and 
above, she has endeavored to content herself with, 
bravely saying to us, " I am so much happier, so 
much more fortunate than most women." Her face 
was truly a benediction, so full was it of heavenly 
peace and perfect calm. 

These two women are types of the sunshiny wom- 
en that the world needs; women whom suffering 
has saddened but not hardened; women who may 
not be able to demonstrate a single theorem in 
geometry; women who are perhaps perfectly igno- 
rant concerning the dead languages. Suffering hu- 
manity does not inquire if its benefactor has a col- 
lege education, and little children do not care to 
know from what university the tender mother re- 
ceives her degree. Many women doing noble deeds 
and blessing countless lives have never graduated 
in any university excepting the great university of 
suffering. The world to-day does not need accom- 
plished women, literary women, strong-minded 
women, but it does need sunshiny women. Women 
do not rightly appreciate the power they wield; we 
believe the safety, purity, and honor of men lie in 
woman's hands. We believe an earnest, truthful, 
pure-hearted woman can do anything, everything 
for man's elevation. It is not for woman to con- 
quer the world, but it is for her to daily perform 
noble deeds, for her the sacred task to mould the 
minds of the youth of our land, to teach the future 
statesman, orators and ministers. 

Dear young girls, let the glory of God's great 
love shine out of your eyes, and cheer the weary 
and discouraged soul with sweet smiles and gentle 
words. By a thousand nameless ways, by a voice 
of love, by a look of compassion, you can mould 
those about you to the noblest destiny. Genuine, 
sensible, sweet-minded women are needed the 
world over. James Russel Lowell says of a sweet 


"But in herself she dwelleth not, 
Although no home were hatf so fair, 
No simplest duty is forgot, 
Life hath no dim and lonely spot. 
That does not in her sweetness share." 

Rockford, Nebr. 


Not long ago we visited the home of two women. 
The first was one of the bright-faced little women 
who smile bravely even through tears and possess 
hearts too courageous to be daunted by life's sever- 
est trials. 

We knew that this little woman had tasted per- 
haps the bitterest cup of sorrow which is given to 
woman, for she had been deserted by one who had 
promised, yea, even vowed before heaven, to be her 


The following selected verses are sent us by Sis- 
ter Irene S. Reed, of Riddlesburg, Pa. She says 
they have served a good purpose with her, and it is 
her desire that they may prove beneficial to others; 

If you are tempted to reveal 

A tale some one to you has told 
About another, make it pass, 

Before you speak, three gates of gold. 

Three narrow gates— first, '* Is it true? " 
Then, " Is it needful?" In your mind 

Give truthful answer; and the next _ 
Is last and narrowest, " Is it kind? " 

And if to reach your lips at last. 

It passes through these gateways three, 
Then you may tell the tale, nor fear 

What the result of speech may be. 


Jan, 20, 1900. 

The Gospel Messenger, 



Brethren Publishing House, 


The General Missionary and Tract Committee. 
2 * ami 24 South State St , Elgin, HI 

Subscription, $1.50 per Annum in Advance. 

I J.H.Moore Office Editor. 

H. B. Brumbaugh, Fa., * * iUI " J,a ' j 03 . Amick Business Manager. 

Agriaory Cimmillta Enoch Eky. Daniel Hayi. W. R. Detttr. 

E?v~.\ll business and communications intended for the paper sbould be 
addressed to the Brethren Publishing House, Elgin, 111., and not to any 

individual connected with it. 

Entered at the Post-office at Elgin, Mi, as Second-class matter. 

The Brethren at Manassas, Va., are laying plans 
for a new church. 

Bro. S. F. Sanger, of Manassas, Va., is now lo- 
cated at 318 W Water St., South Bend, Ind. 

A church has been organized at Jennings, Okla. 
T., to be known as the Bethany congregation. 

A series of meetings in the Lower Cumberland 
church, Pa., closed Jan. 7 with eight accessions. 

Bro. Luther Petry has changed his address 
from Atlanta, Ga., to Berkley, Norfolk Co., Va. 

Bro. Joe Longanecker, of West Manchester, 
Ohio, is engaged in a series of meetings at Buck 
Creek, Ind. 

Preachers who are looking around for texts can 
find one for every Sunday in the Sunday school les- 
sons we are now studying. 

The Brethren church at Washington, D. C, was 
dedicated last Sunday. We have not yet learned 
who conducted the services. 

Bro. W. E. Roop writes that the Brethren at 
Union Bridge, Md., are having a very interesting 
Bible term. It is to continue three weeks. 

The District Meeting for Middle Pennsylvania 
will be held in the Warriorsmark church, March 21. 
The elders are to meet at 2 P. M. the day before. 

We are informed that Bro. Geo. B. Holsinger is 
in the midst of a glorious singing at Lanark, 111. 
There is a great deal of music in the people at Lan- 
ark, and our brother seems to be bringing it out. 

After an absence of over seven months Bro. J. 
H. Utz and wife, of Union Bridge, Md,, have re- 
turned to their home, much pleased with their so- 
journ among the Brethren in the localities they vis- 

Bro. J. G. Royer reports an interesting Bible 
Term at Mount Morris this month. The attendance 
seems not as large as was expected, still those who 
are present enter into the spirit of the work with en- 

Now and then we hear of members whose names 
have been taken from the list of the enrolled saints, 
This is sad. It will be still sadder if at the judg- 
ment they do not find their names in the Lamb's 
book of life. 

Bro. Trout is engaged in a series of meetings at 
North Manchester, Ind. He is not well, and when 
through with these meetings says that he must take 
a rest. In this world there is little rest for the busy 
and efficient preacher. 

Bro. Miller's Bible Land talks at North Man- 
chester, last week, were not only largely attended, 
but they were listened to with intense interest. The 
house proved too small for those desiring to attend, 
and so three meetings each day were held for a 
while,— one at 8: 45 A. M., for the students and col- 
lege people, one at 2 P. M., for the country people, 
and the other at 7 P. M., for all those wishing to 
come at that hour. In this way about two thousand 
people were accommodated, and the same informa- 
tion given in each talk. 

Bro. Jerry Bottorff, of the Ten Mile church, 
Pa., has been quite ill for some time, and had to 
drop his appointments. When last heard from he 
was improving, and it is to be hoped that he will 
soon be able to resume his work in the ministry. 

Bro. Conrad D. Rasp, of Rising City, Nebr., 
would like to communicate with some minister 
who would be willing to settle in his locality and 
assist in building up a church. His prayer is that 
his own children, as well as others in that part of the 
West, may be placed under the influence of the 

Our aged brother, B. F. Moomaw, who has an ar- 
ticle in this issue, has been suffering a good deal 
from a tumor on the left temple. Lately he has re- 
ceived some relief, and when last heard from was 
able to be around in the house. When alone he 
spends most of his time reading or writing. So we 
are informed by Bro. S. L, Shaver. 

■ In this issue will be found an account of the num- 
ber of deaths reported in the Messenger during 
1899. The writer sending the communication says 
that the list of deaths reported is unusually large, 
especially among church officials. Quite a number 
of elders passed away during the year, and others 
have been ordained to take their places. 

One of our young brethren in Ohio, says that he 
does not want to do without the Gospel Mes- 
senger, as it was the means of leading him to 
the truth. It is probably a fact that the paper has 
been instrumental in bringing thousands into the 
fold. We know it has been the means of building 
up churches, and has also laid the foundation for 
some good work besides. 

One of our readers writes us concerning an intel- 
ligent man, who chanced to get hold of the Messen- 
ger some years ago. He then belonged to another 
religious body, but kept on reading the paper, until 
he became fully convinced that it taught the truth, 
and then was constrained to accept it. He is now a 
fine, fully indoctrinated member, and is thoroughly 
in sympathy with the church and her work. 

Not long since Mr. P. A. B. Widener, of Philadel- 
phia, gave two million dollars as a gift, for the pur- 
pose of establishing a home for crippled children. 
Mr. James M, Munyan, of the same city, has given a 
like amount to be spent on an industrial school for 
orphan girls. The generosity of these men is to be 
commended. Rich men can make no better use of 
their money than to use it in the interest of the 

Bro. P. S. Miller, of Roanoke, Va., voices the 
sentiment of others who have written us lately. He 
says: " I am more than pleased with the Messen- 
ger, and to do without it would seem like missing a 
member of the family." Another brother, from an 
adjoining State, uses almost the same words when 
telling how he appreciates the paper. Words of 
encouragement from the East are like good news 
from a far country. 

Is a plurality of elders detrimental to the peace 
and welfare of a congregation? Not, if they are 
the right kind. But if otherwise, they may prove 
a hindrance. An elder who is full of the Holy Ghost 
and wisdom, is not likely to make trouble with 
anybody but the devil or some of his representatives. 
In the church at Jerusalem there were not less 
than twelve elders, and nothing is said about their 
presence proving a detriment to the church. But 
there is a right way, and then there is a wrong way 
of doing business where there is a number of elders 
in the same congregation. The wrong way is for 
all the elders to take a hand in directing affairs, and 
administering discipline. A course of this kind will 
result in governing the church to death. Probably 
some churches have died just because they were too 
much governed. The right way is for the church to 
select one of the elders as her housekeeper, and let 
the others assist him as he may direct. And where 
the work is carried on in this manner a plurality of 
elders is likely to prove a help rather than a hin- 

. A sister sends for publication a financial report 
of a Sisters' Aid Society, but fails to mention her 
State. For this, if for no other reason, the report 
could not be published. We suggest that our sis- 
ters do not enter into a detailed account of all they 
receive and do, in the reports they send us for the 
Messenger. It is sufficient to give some general 
information about what is being done by the socie- 
ties, so as to interest and encourage others. But an 
itemized report is not necessary. 

One of our correspondents writes, " We have 
prayer meeting every Wednesday evening. About 
one-third of the members attend these meetings. 
Some of our ministers come, and some stay at 
home. Sometimes a deacon comes, but most gen- 
erally they are absent." While this may fit a score 
or more of congregations, it certainly would be no 
credit to any of them. It is an instance of a few 
private members setting an example for the officials. 
The example ought to be on the other side. 

A writer in the Christian Leader probably ex- 
presses the sentiment of most our readers when he 
says: I believe it is manifold harder to be a Chris- 
tian in a big modern city than it is in the country 
districts. A person doesn't have to visit or live 
long in a large place to recognize the multitude of 
traps on every hand to allure and lead off the weak, 
and especially the young. If a young man knows 
when he is well off, he will "stick to the farm." I 
had much rather my son should work in the coun- 
try at $15 a month, surrounded by good and pure 
influences, than to receive S25 a week in a big, wick- 
ed city, where sin is rampant and his soul in danger. 

Not long since a brother told us that there were 
too many preachers in the congregation where he 
lives. We told him, Not so, but that they were not 
kept at work as they should be. It is the duty of 
the housekeeper to do what he can to find work for 
all the ministers in his congregation, or to assist 
them in finding work. The Lord does not want his 
ministers to sit around on the stools of do-nothing. 
They were called to the ministry to preach, andtHey 
ought to preach. We see no necessity of a half 
dozen preachers attending one service Sunday after 
Sunday, when there are scores of places within a 
reasonable distance where the Gospel is not 
preached. We believe that a course of this kind is 
not pleasing to the Lord. The harvest is great, and 
the men to get out and preach the Word are few. 
Let the churches call more active men to the minis- 
try, or else urge those we now have to put more en- 
ergy to their work. We do not mean to say that we 
do not have active preachers, but we are sure that 
we do not have enough of them. We all need more 
of that zeal for which the apostles were noted. 



In answer to some inquiries concerning the grant- 
ing of church letters, we state that every member, 
in good standing, is entitled to a letter when he 
moves from his home congregation. Where it is 
well known that members are to move away, it is 
very nice to have their letters ready for them, with- 
out their asking for them. Some congregations are 
in the habit of doing this, and it makes a very good 
impression. Then, when members move, they 
should carry their letters with them. They ought 
not to have to wait a month or two, Especially is 
this true of officials. 

There are different ways of granting letters. 
Some congregations never grant a letter save at the 
council meeting, while others grant them at any 
public meeting. Either way will answer the pur- 
pose, though we have had more experience with the 
latter method. At the close of any service the eld- 
er may say that brother or sister so and so desires a 
letter of membership, and if no objections are filed, 
after the meeting closes, the officials will feel at lib- 
erty to sign the letter, or letters, asked for. The let- 
ters are then filled out by the clerk and signed by 
the officials. We have seen scores, if not hundreds, 


20, I9OO. 


of letters granted in this way. The public an- 
nouncement of the fact that the letters are called 
for gives all the opportunity needed for filing ob- 

The letters are usually signed by the elder, a few 
of the ministers and some of the deacons. In some 
congregations they are signed by the elders and 
ministers only. If possible the elder should sign 
every certificate of • membership issued by his 
church. These letters should contain the signatures 
of at least two or three other officials, but where 
there are a dozen or more it is not necessary for all 
to sign them. 

If there are complaints against a member they 
ought not to be held back until he calls for his let- 
ter, nor is it the proper thing to permit a member 
to get so far out of line that he cannot be granted a 
certificate of membership, and then not remind him 
of the fact until he calls for his letter. Every mem- 
ber who walks orderly is deserving of a letter, and 
his relation to the church ought to be such that he 
can get it at any time he calls for it. 


The number of accessions, reported in the Mes- 
senger for 1899, seems not to have been quite as 
large as the year before. The falling off was during 
the summer months. Sister Kate Johnson, of My- 
ersdale, Pa., kept count, and gives the number as 
4,844, or about 200 less than the year before. Of 
course not all the conversions were given in our 
columns, probably not more than three-fourths of 
them. But let that be as it may, the results are not 
what we would be pleased to see. Our people in 
the United States number not far from 100,000, and 
our united efforts ought to be the means of bring- 
ing more people into the church than this. We are 
safe in saying that we have not put forth the effort 
of recent years that we did a few years ago, and the 
time is here when we must begin thinking about in- 
'creasin^ our evangelistic forces and redoubling our 

Jesus died to save sinners, and it is the duty 
of every saint to do his part in rescuing the 
lost. Possibly some of us have not done enough. 
We have not prayed as we should, and in far too 
many instances the believers have not been the 
living and exemplary epistles that they should have 
been. We need to pray the Father to send a great- 
er number of earnest and efficient workers into the 
field, and then we need to pray most fervently that 
the Lord will help us do our part. It must be 
evident that we are not converting the world as fast 
as the Master contemplated when he entrusted the 
preaching of the Word to his people. We need to 
be stirred up along this line. We do not mean 
preachers only, but the whole church needs to be 
aroused. In this land of unparalleled peace and 
plenty there is too much of a disposition to be at 
ease in Zion. 


If there was ever a time in the history of the 
world when sound doctrine was needed, it is now. 
More than one-half of the preachers in the United 
States will not preach any doctrine at all. Very 
few of them will even preach the doctrine of the 
resurrection, and fewer still the facts concern- 
mg the second coming of Christ. Not one preach- 
er out of ten will face the world squarely with what 
the New Testament teaches regarding non-conform- 
■ty to the world. It is altogether probable that 
some of our own preachers are growing weak on 
this important Bible doctrine. Then, how few there 
a re who will denounce covetousness in the sense the 
Word of God condemns it! There yet remains the 
peace principles, which are almost ignored in the 
Pulpits of the day. Our own Brethren do not 
preach against war as they should. 

Then, what must be said of secret and oath-bound 
societies! They are sapping the very life out of the 
Christian religion in America, and very few voices 
are raised against the evil. There are probably 
hundreds of ministers in the Brethren church who 
never preached a sermon against the secret societies 
of the age. We wonder how many men are willing 
to stand up in defense of the doctrine of a separa- 
tion between the church and the world! How 
many can talk on this subject and give no uncertain 
sound! The amount of work yet to be done in the 
interest of primitive Christianity is simply amazing. 

We have said nothing about true faith, genuine 
repentance, and the proper form of baptism. Nor 
have we mentioned the church ordinances and oth- 
er duties, well deserving attention. The preacher 
who is interested in the cause of pure - religion does 
not need to go far for a subject. The trouble is 
that most of them are not concerned about sound 
doctrine. They are seeking popular subjects, for the 
purpose of pleasing the world and the worldly part 
of the church. And this is why the masses will no 
more endure sound doctrine. They do not want to 
hear anything about doctrine at all. They prefer to 
listen to a kind of preaching that will hurt no one, 
and amount to little or nothing in the end. 

We are certain that this condition is not pleasing 
to the Lord, and it certainly ought not to be pleas- 
ing to his devoted followers. He told his disciples 
to preach the Gospel in all parts of the world, and 
to teach the converted to observe all things whatso- 
ever he had commanded them. This included ev- 
ery phase of doctrine set forth in the New Testa- 
ment, and he who will not shun to declare the 
whole counsel of God will never be found neglect- 
ing any part of the doctrine. Let us pray the Lord 
to send into the harvest preachers who will give at- 
tention to sound doctrine. 


Some one wants to know how long a member of 
the church can be in full fellowship and not com- 
mune? This is a hard question to answer. If a 
member lives far away, in some isolated locality, 
and has no opportunity to commune with his breth- 
ren, we presume he might remain in fellowship for 
a number of years. But how long one can live in a 
properly organized congregation, where a feast is 
held once or twice every year, and refuse to appear 
at the Lord's table with his brethren, and still be re- 
garded as a Christian in full fellowship, is a matter 
of no little importance, and probably deserves more 
attention than it is likely to receive. It is a ques- 
tion we will not venture to answer definitely. 

But this much is clear: The man who purposely 
absents himself from the Lord's table, year after 
year, is running a terrible risk. If he eats not the 
flesh of Jesus, and drinks not his blood, emblemat- 
ically, he has no life in him. It may be that some 
men are spiritually dead, and do not know it. If a 
man has not life enough in him to eat and drink, his 
condition is alarming. Then, one may be too sick 
to eat or drink. In that case, the longer he remains 
away from the table the worse will be his condition. 
We have known people to be too sleepy to eat. 
They could not be aroused from their slumbers. 
The member who stays away from the Communion 
table may be asleep. True, it may be a spiritual 
sleep, but that is the worst kind of a state of inactiv- 
ity. Some have been known to die while under the 
influence of this kind of a sleep. 

We believe that members who do not commune 
for years should be looked after. If they are spir- 
itually sick they need the Divine Physician, and 
those who are strong in the faith should help them. 
If they are asleep, every possible effort should be 
made to awaken them, and help them to see the 
dangers to which they are exposed. If they are 

found to be dead to Christ, to his ordinances, and to 
everything that relates to their spiritual interest, 
there is just one of two things that must be done. 
They must be restored to life or be buried. We 
will not say that every member who persists in stay- 
ing away from the Lord's table is asleep, sick, or 
dead, but there is something the matter, and the 
case ought not to be overlooked. When a son or 
daughter declines to eat for days, and even weeks, 
every member of the family becomes seriously 
alarmed, and it is just as needful that the members 
of the household of faith become greatly concerned 
when a member deliberately refuses to partake of 
the emblems of Christ's broken body and shed 
blood for a long period. It means death sooner or 
later. One may live awhile in a land of spiritual 
plenty without this divinely-appointed nourishment, 
but he cannot live long. 


One of our ministers writes us that he can not 
give the ministry the attention he would-like for 
the reason that he teaches school in the winter, and 
does some farming in the summer. Likely most of 
the best preachers in the Brotherhood have been 
engaged in school-teaching in early life. In fact, 
there is probably nothing that better prepares a, 
man for the responsible duties of the ministry than 
the schoolroom. Here he learns, by experience, 
the art of teaching. And every minister should be 
apt to teach; but unfortunately there are some who 
know not the first elements of teaching. Then, in 
the schoolroom, the young minister learns hew to 
govern. True, it is the governing of children he 
learns, but what else is a church composed of but 
grown-up children? He who learns how to train 
small children may also become proficient in gov- 
erning older people. Besides, teaching is most ex- 
cellent for the training of the intellect. The mind 
that is trained for skillful work in the branches of 
learning usually taught, even in the common 
schools, is only the better prepared to grapple with 
the truths of Revelation. Teaching brings the 
young man in steady contact with the rising gener- 
ation, and if he proves to be a good worker in the 
schoolroom, he gains an influence with the young 
people that, if wisely employed, will always be 
helpful to him. Furthermore, teaching introduces 
the teacher to the better class of thinkers, and thus 
his mind is aided by the culture of others. 

We do not say these things for the purpose of 
making it appear that teaching is more important 
than preaching, but for the purpose of encouraging 
those who must make their living in this way. 
There is nothing in the occupation from which they 
need to shirk. It is rather an honorable vocation. 
And since ministers in the Brethren church must 
have some way of making a living, we do not see 
why young men may not teach and yet do a good 
work in the interest of religion. True, they must 
not carry their denominational preference into the 
schoolroom, but they might preach on Sundays, 
and teach a Sunday-school class every Lord's Day. 
They can attend the prayer meetings and at the 
same time inspire others in the good work of the 
Lord. To do all this a man will have to work, but 
what are we here for if it is not to work? We can 
not expect to accomplish any lasting good by go- 
ing through this world on flowery beds of ease. It 
is the hard-working man that succeeds, and as a 
rule he will outlive the one who takes life easy. 
We are certain that he is of more value to the 
world, and will probably get more real enjoyment 
out of life, than the man who is afraid of a little 
work. Let none of our preachers get discouraged 
because they have to work, or because they have 
little leisure time. Let them put forth all their en- 
ergies to accomplish what they have on hand, trust 
God for the outcome, and be contented. 


Jan. 20, I900. 


All physical things wear with the march of time. 
Days come, months go and years end. And with 
the ending we have the thought of age. In the be- 
ginning it was the new year. At the ending we call 
it the " old " because its days are closed and its 
work completed. The last day of the year brings 
with it most peculiar feelings, made up both of the 
retrospective and the prospective. We look back, 
see our misfits, feel our regrets, look forward and 
say: If the Lord wills, the new year shall be better. 
And we mean all we say, and possibly, may make it 
true in our lives. Indeed, it should be so, and we 
believe, in many cases, it has been so. Each suc- 
ceeding year has been, in our living, an improve- 
ment over its predecessors. We are glad that 
we have so much encouragement in this direction. 
And we are also glad that we feel this encourage- 
ment, and that in the passing out of each old year we 
are ready to enter the new year with the determina- 
tion in our hearts to do better. 

We have now been in the ministry for over thirty- 
two years, and during all this time we cannot re- 
member of preparing a single sermon that we did 
not do it with the determination that it should be 
better than the one last preached. Of course, we 
did not succeed, at all times, in doing this, but the 
determination was there all the same. And the in- 
spiration thus given has been wonderfully helpful 
— if not in making the sermons better— in keeping 
us from despair and giving up altogether. It is this 
hope, thus given, that enables us to go forward in 
the work and face the wonderful responsibilities that 
rest upon and meet those who have been given 
the message of salvation to a lost world. 

The outgoing of the year now past was peculiar 
in that it came on the Lord's Day. And because of 
this we thought it might be interesting for some of 
us to give our thoughts and experiences as they 
came to us. What did we do, and how did we spend 
the day? Perhaps some of us would not like to tell 
it all and it might not be edifying if we would. 

At our own home the day came in pleasantly. As 
we took a hasty retrospect we could not help feeling 
that the Lord had most signally blessed us in our 
home, in our substance and in our general health. 
Neither serious sickness nor death invaded our im- 
mediate family, though it came near enough to take 
from us a dear brother and the sweetest partner of 
our childhood days. And though the bereavement 
was a sad one, yet there was a bright ray of joy con- 
nected with the parting, because we could not help 
feeling that it was better for brother to be released, 
that he might go where we all hope to be, and may 
be soon. If we could lift the veil and see, our sad- 
ness would not be that our friends have passed over 
but that we are left behind. O, how dim are our 
views of the heavenly home. 

During the year we had been following the " Bi- 
ble Notes " course of reading at our morning serv- 
ices. And this morning it was the closing chapter 
of the Bible and especially appropriate, not only be- 
cause of it being the last chapter of the Old Testa- 
ment, but because of the vivid description there giv- 
en of the closing of all years, what shall then take 
place and how it shall be with the wicked and with 
the good. This old world of ours shall become as 
an oven and in it the wicked be as stubble. But for 
the good the Son of Righteousness shall arise with 
healing in his wings and they shall go forth and 
grow. The new shall be better than the old. In 
that day those who live to see it, if of the good, shall 
be healed of their physical maladies and enter into 
a new and more glorious growth. With us the les- 
son, though short, was opportune and gave us a spir- 
itual breakfast that was both palatable and nourish- 

Because of it being the time of the college vaca- 
tion and the most of the students gone to their 

homes and some of our own people with them, we 
did not expect a full congregation at our preaching 
services. And yet we had a fairly good house. 
And as it falls to our lot to fill most of the Sunday- 
morning services we had the sermon to deliver on the 
occasion. For a subject we used Matt. 21: 17-22, — 
the fig tree that was condemned by the Master be- 
cause of it having leaves and no fruit. We gave the 
homeland interpretation of the narrative which 
throws a flood of light on that without which is 
darkness, and then tried to make such application 
of it as somewhat adapted it to the occasion. It 
is a true saying, if we would interpret an author's 
language we must get into his home life and the cir- 
cumstances by which he was surrounded in his life's 
formative period— and so it is with the Bible. It 
cannot be Americanized because we do not have 
here the things out of which Bible thought and 
language had their birth. Of course we cannot all 
go to Bible lands to get its language, but while this 
is so we are glad to know that through the power of 
the press a full description of this land may be 
brought into our homes and all we have to do is to 
open, look, study and understand. 

The afternoon we spent pleasantly in the home of 
one of our out-of-town members, with whom we had 
a prayer service for the benefit of an aged sister and 
mother who was not well enough to attend the pub- 
lic preaching. 

In the evening we had another interesting closing- 
year sermon by J. B. Brumbaugh, whose fervency 
and zeal for the Master's cause never lags and he 
stops only because the time is up. 

We omitted the morning Sunday school and the 
evening young people's prayer meeting because we 
were not able to attend either. But we were told 
that they were both interesting and appropriate for 
the day and occasion. 

And now the old year is gone. Our diary for the 
year 1S99 is closed and laid aside. The pages have 
been filled with a few of the events and the occur- 
rences of the year. But the unwritten pages, by us, 
are much more full and complete. These pages of 
the great record, kept by the recording angel, are 
sheltered in the library of God, and what is written 
is written. As the tree falleth so it lieth. And so 
shall our record stand in the great day. May the 
Lord so direct our lives and so lead us by the Holy 
Spirit through the coming days of 1900 that they 
may show for us in the heavenly record that which 
will give, at the reading time, joy and gladness in all 
of our hearts. H. B. B. 

all. Don't forget chicken-pie supper. Good program, 
good company; tea served in true native style, all for the small 
sum of 15 cents. 

Pilgrim Congregational. — The young ladies will give a 
soap-bubble social Wednesday evening; cake of soap, 
pleasant entertainment, songs, recitations, in exchange for a 
silver dime. Prize awaits the one who blows the largest soap 
bubble. Poverty Social: Kum to the Poverty soshul to-night 
at the Congregashunal chapel. Admission only ten sents. 
There won't be no poverty about the supper. Yu will be fined 
if yu ware good close or jewlry. Prizes for gent and lady what 
dresses most suitable fur the occashun. Kum and have a good 

Go to the First Baptist Church to-night to hear John DeWitt 
Miller tell about "Uses of Ugliness." You'll kick yourself 
twice around the Capitol if you miss that side-splitting lecture 
to-night. Chicken-pie supper to-night at First Baptist Church. 

Presbyterian Church. — The taking comic cantata, "Cox 
and Box," will be given at the Franklin Street Presbyterian 
Church. If you hear "Cox and Box " next week take outan acci- 
dent policy on your buttons. It's funny. Franklin St. Church. 
The last chance to laugh at "Cox and Box " for 10 cents. If you 
never ate persimmons or saw a 'possum, you can do both at 
the Franklin Street Church to-morrow night. Beautiful booths, 
delicious supper and heaps of fun. Don't forget. 

One pastor says, " If my choir want to sing the 'Ohio Girl' 
or a love song, they can do it. All I want is beautiful music. 
I don't believe in singing, ' Lo, from the Tomb a Doleful 
Sound,' all the while, or any of the while." 



The following is sent in by Bro. Geo. C. Carl, of 
Oregon. It comes from the New York Sun, and 
shows to what degradation the popular churches 
are sinking. God is certainly not pleased with such 
conduct. Let our people read these paragraphs 
and then resolve that they will never attend or en- 
courage a church festival. True, a festival may not 
be as bad as some of the things here mentioned, yet 
festivals point that way. The churches need a Je- 
sus to rid the temples of the things that are profane: 

If the church is losing her power over the masses, is she not 
responsible when we consider the following illustrations of 
buffoonery which must certainly detract from the respect and 
reverence due her? 

Plymouth Congregational.— Ladies' Society, foreign 
missionary department, 2: 30 P. M, 7: 30 P. M., Pancake So- 
cial; oration on " Pancakes," quartet about " Pancakes," Syr- 
ups and Pancakes. 

Park Baptist.— Midweek prayer meeting, Thursday even- 
ing. Friday evening, A Hard Times' Social. "All pussons 
must ware close suitable for the occashun." Fried chicken, 
baking powder biscuit, and sherbet for 15 cents. 

First Presbyterian. — Tuesday, 6 to 9 P. M., the caterers 
who have been at the past week will serve supper. Muf- 
fins, ham, pickles, coffee, 10 cents. Friday evening, Junior or 
Christian Endeavor will give a concert — ice cream and fun for 

I find in Bro. R. H. Miller's " Doctrine of the Brethren De. 
fended," page 52, fourth argument, what I think to be an er- 
ror. Will you please compare his statement with Ezekiel 36: 
25? I desire to handle the book, but critics will soon pick this 
up. — S. M. Baker. 

The part in Bro. Miller's book referred to reads 

" Our fourth argument to prove immersion is drawn from 
the fact that the common or simple element of water alone 
never was commanded in the Old or New Testament to be 
sprinkled or poured on any man, woman or child, for any 
moral or religious cleansing, or purification whatever." 

In Ezekiel 36: 25 we have this reading: " Then 
will I sprinkle clean water upon you, and ye shall 
be clean: from all your filthiness, and from all yoofl 
idols, will I cleanse you." 

By " clean water " is not meant the " common or 
simple element of water," mentioned by Bro. Miller, 
but the water of purification spoken of in Num. 19: 
17, 18, 19. There we read: "And for an unclean 
person they shall take of the ashes of the burnt 
heifer of purification for sin, and running water shall 
be put thereto in a vessel: And a clean person sha! 
take hyssop, and dip it in the water, and sprinkle it 
upon the tent, and upon all the vessels, and upon 
the persons that were there, and upon him that 
touched a bone, or one slain, or one dead, or a grave 
And the clean person shall sprinkle upon the unclean 
on the third day, and on the seventh day: and 
the seventh day he shall purify himself, and wash 
his clothes, and bathe himself in water, and sha 
be clean at even." 

The running water was to have in it the ashes of a 
burnt heifer, and in this way it was made ceremo- 
nially clean. Sometimes water and blood were used, 
but in no instance was the common, or simple ele- 
ment of water used alone. 

So far as Ezekiel's " clean water" relates to the 
Mosaic dispensation, it was water made ceremo- 
nially clean by the ashes of the heifer, and can- 
not apply to the simple element of water alone 
In the sense that it applies to the Christian dis- 
pensation it cannot refer to baptism, but to tht 
sprinkling of the consecrated blood of Christ, thai 
was shed for the sins of the world. The language 
is typical, and is meant to show how God wou 
cleanse the people of their sins. It was the apph' 
cation of the shed blood of Christ that effected the 

cleansing. This is referred to by Paul in Heb, 
22, "Having our hearts sprinkled from an evil COB 
science, and our bodies washed with pure water. 
The washing of the body with pure water refers | 
baptism, while the sprinkling applies to the apph« 
tion of the blood of Christ. 

Jan. 20, 1900. 



General Missionary 


...Tract Department, 


D. L. MlLLBR, Illinois I S. F. Sangrr, Virginia 
L."W. Thrhtr, Indiana | A. B. Barnhart, - 
John Zuck. ■ Iowa. 

K^*Addresa all business to General Missionary 
and Tract Committee, Mis.- in. Illinois. 

of the General Mission- 
ary and Tract Committee will be 
held in Elgin, 111., on Tuesday, Feb- 
ruary 13, 1900. • All business for th 
Meeting should be in writing and ii 
the office of the Committee not later 
than February 1 


While years are the milestones of man's 
progress, centuries are the milestones in the 
progress of the world. In its history there has 
been no century in which the spread of truth 
with its attendant institutions for the elevation 
of mankind and the relief of human woe has 
been so marked. And there is yet one year of 
the century in which much good may be done. 

No doubt there are those who read these 
lines and will go beyond before the year closes. 
They will not have the opportunity to make 
their efforts felt in the new century. The 
question arises, "Is it I ? Is it I?" But it 
matters little who it is if God's call is to a bet- 
ter land than this. 

In these latter days of the nineteenth cen- 
tury the air is full of different movements pre- 
paratory to a great work to be accomplished in 
the new century. There is nothing- especially 
wrong about this, but why put off for another 
year that which may be done this year? To 
change the manner of life because a new 
epoch of time is ushered in is basing the 
change on a very weak sentiment indeed. If 
there is need of reform, do it at once, whether 
it be the last day of an old year or the second 
day of a new. Years tell the tale of age and 
opportunity, but they do not tell of growth in 
character or grace. 

Then why wait? Shall the endeavors of the 
past suffice for the opportunities of the pres- 
ent? The church has made commendable 
progress in the past, but surely not such as 
will justify her to sit down and do nothing but 
plan for the work in the twentieth century. 
Her missionary growth in the past decade and 
a half has been a source of much life and 
strength to her, and she has every reason to 
feel encouraged thereby. But her start in this 
work was so late in the century that it be- 
hooves her to do her best yet this year to 
leave as good a portion of missionary endeavor 
in the nineteenth century as possible. 

No, no, do not wait for the twentieth century. 
It will come laden with enough responsibility 
and opportunity without deferring any of the 
present until that time. There are too many 
air castles for the future, — there is not enough 
of honest toil for the present. The Word of 
God would impress upon every one, "To-day, 
to-day!" and he acts wisest and best who 
seeks to do in the living present what possibly 
he is now putting off to do in the new century. 



While looking through some of my old 
books recently, that were donated to me by 
the missionaries at Honolulu, many sacred 
memories long stored away were awakened. 

We bad been wafted by ocean breezes and 
sweeping gales of wind across the expansive 
torrid belt, en route for the polar world, and 
lingered for a few days at the above-named 
islands. We were in joyful expectation of 
meeting and greeting our missionary friends to 
whom we had become endeared by previous 
acquaintance and association. However, a 
dark cloud of sorrow and disappointment cov- 
ered our hearts when the command was given 

by our officers to anchor our floating bark out- 
side of the coral reefs that surrounded the har- 
bor at Honolulu. 

But the missionaries were not forgetful of 
our sad and woeful plight. The Oriole was 
well known because of the religious work 
which had been and was being conducted 
aboard of her; and in order to impart a solace 
to the floating votaries of the Christian cause, 
in our dismal plight they forwarded to us some 
well-selected religious literature. I received a 
mariner's song and prayer book, including the 
marine routine of burial ceremonies; also an 
excellent composition of Biblical essays; and 
another work entitled, " Religious Meditation, 
in which the pious author through honesty of 
heart and life disclosed the necessity of his 
change of church relationship owing to further 
Scriptural enlightenment. The effusions of his 
heart appear with such candor and integrity, 
that in my lonely life on the troubled deep, it 
afforded me, next to the Bible, a standard cri- 
terion for self-examination. 

God employed those distant island mission- 
aries to do us an excellent favor, and in all our 
dark reverses we never forgot their clemency, 

Those good books are now in my library and 
I regard them as trophies from afar which 
urge my mental (lighl to explore those distant 
scenes, surroundings and circumstances of 
long ago. On the memorable island of Oahu, 
within the precincts of Honolulu, the capital, 
we sang and prayed, rejoiced and wept, in our 
youthful career, where the balmy, fragrant and 
gentle zephyrs softly blew. Had our own lit- 
erature been prevalent there then, and had we 
been met by living, personal representatives 
of our church, I am persuaded that a number 
of our shipmates, and perchance others, would 
have entered into church fellowship thirty-five 
years ago; and at this date a flourishing church 
might be in existence in those remote islands 
in the great Pacific Ocean. Their recent an- 
nexation to the United States should afford an 
incentive for action, since the missionary 
spirit has enthused and actuated our beloved 
Fraternity. The national conquests during 
the past year and territorial acquisitions in the 
islands of the seas should awaken missionary 
inspiration and urge the pure and brave sol- 
diers of the cross of Christ to bear the ensign 
of peace thither when the smoke and din of 
battle shall have disappeared. The near 
future may disclose wonders, and let the 
church of Christ be vigilant and loyal in her 
heaven-appointed warfare. Ob, for a glorious 
awakening upon land and sea ere the majestic 
and triumphant return of the Warrior of Cal- 
vary. May God remember the people of the 
Hawaiian Islands, and by his redeeming 
power save and purify their hearts so as to 
acquire their purest homage and sweetest 
strains of victorious song, 



And they took up of the fragments that remained 
twelve baskets lull. "—Matt. 14:20. 

Five thousand men, besides women and 
children had just been supplied with a bounti- 
ful repast, from an original stock of five loaves 
and two small fishes. This bad first passed 
through the Lord's hands and received his 
blessing. It was then by him broken up and 
subdivided and given out with such a lavish 
hand that when all had dined there remained 
twelve basketsful. The Lord is never stingy 
with us; he always gives us plenty and to 
spare, but he never gives us aught to waste. 
So here come the Master's orders, " Gather up 
the fragments that remain that nothing be 
lost." John 6: 12. Here we have a beautiful 
lesson in economy. He who could have turned 
the mountains into bread and the streams into 
fish orders the fragments gathered up so noth- 
ing be lost. It was so done, and the net results 
were twelve basketsful. These went a good 
way for future use. 

When we see the waste and extravagance 
on every hand, then hear the complaining and 
see the want, we are made to think how easy 
it might all be remedied, if Jesus' advice were 
followed, "Gather up the fragments, that 
nothing be lost." All things that are wasted 
are lost. The story is often told thus: An ex- 
travagant grocer's bill for luxuries; a doctor 
bill for dyspeptics, and a well-filled garbage 
barrel of broken meats in the back yard. I 
hear the Master say, " It is not meet to cast the 
children's bread to the dogs." 

I heard a drummer say to the grocer, " My 
firm has spent ten thousand dollars to adver- 
tise this brand of tobacco." Reader, how much 
of this worse than waste do you help to pay? 
Gather up your part of the ten thousand dol- 
lars, and as Peter or John or one of the other 
disciples comes along with his basket, drop it 
in and send it back to the Master. 

How about those extras on the clothes 
which are for neither comfort nor health, only 
to please the eye? 1 John 2: 15-17. Frag- 
ments, remnants, waste! Gather them up 
they will fill many a basket for the Lord. 
Just twelve disciples, each one with his basket 
full. It was a good collection, all handed back 
to the Lord for his disposal. 

How about that wasted time? Your time is 
your basket; its capacity is your life; its filling 
will be measured by your opportunities and 
possibilities. What are you putting in it? 
Queen Elizabeth on her deathbed cried out, 
"Oh, for a moment of time in which to pre- 
pare to meet my God I will give millions, 1 
would give my throne." Give it, fragments 
and all, to the Master; then there will he no 
regrets. Gather up the patches, old clothes, 
broken bits, odds and ends of time and tact. 
Ruth gleaned in the field of Boaz, and gleaned 
better than she knew, " 

The Master has said, " He that is faithful in 
that which is least, shall be made ruler over 
much." Despise not the day of small things 
Life is composed of seconds, and one at a 
time sustains the universe, and the sum total 
makes eternity. 

Austin, tnd. 



We have been asked to tell what we think 
of the above subject, in reference to the giving 
of tithes or "tenths." 

The Jews of old were required to give one- 
tenth of all their increase (we would call it 
"income "), besides many other gifts and offe 
ings. We, Christians, who have a crucified 
Savior, certainly ought to be as good and lib 
eral as the Jews of old. We ought to be fai 
better. But, since a great many people are 
afraid to trust the Lord (who hath given us all 
things), lest by giving ihey become poor, — not 
knowing that he who hath freely given and 
knoweth all our needs, is still abundantly able 
to supply our every need, because they have 
never tried him, — it is well for such persons tc 
adopt the tithing system, until they learn by 
blessed experience that in giving we become 
rich. For when we give to the Lord we re- 
ceive even in this world "good measure," 
pressed down, shaken together, and running 
over. The Gospel rule is, "Freely ye have 
received, freely give" ; and, "Upon the first 
day of the week, let every one of you lay by 
him in store as God hath prospered him." 
So, if God hath given us only a little, we can 
give only a little in return; but never let it be 
less than one-tenth, — the amount thzjews were 
required to give, unless we have received 

The Savior's instructions are, " He that hath 
two coats, let him impart to him that hath 
none; and he that hath meat, let him do like- 
wise." This would sometimes mean the giv- 
ing of much more than one-tenth. But it is 
the Christian way. But if we decide to give 
one-tenth, let it be one-tenth of everything, 
not merely one-tenth of a certain portion. If 
we have a garden, let us give one-tenth of 
every vegetable planted therein. If there is an 
onion bed, one-tenth of those onions should be 
given to the poor, or to the minister's family, 
or sold and the proceeds turned into the 
church or given to the poor. Likewise, pota- 
toes, wheat, corn, cabbage, lettuce, and every- 
thing that we grow; also one-tenth of the 
calves, lambs and poultry (not the deformed 
ones, either; the Lord does not accept that 
kind of an offering); also one-tenth of the 
fruit of our trees, our nuts, and everything that 
grows for us. If we do not give of the poultry, 
then we must give ten per cent, of all the 
profits arising therefrom, from the sale of eggs, 
feathers and meat. If we work for a stipu- 
lated salary, it is easy to set aside one-tenth 
of it for the Lord. If we have no regular in- 
come, we can divide what we do have. Those 
who receive much can give more than the Jew- 
ish tithe. They can give the Christian offer- 
ing, if they are Christians. The Lord never 

fails to supply those who thus trust in him. 
Dear readers, why not try it? Why not try 
God, and see if he will not even in this world 
abundantly reward the liberal soul? I know 
he does and will. " The liberal soul shall be 
made fat." 



"Jan. 10, iqoo. 

" I think it would be proper for the India Brethren to 
report what they receive, as some folks think it will take 
half to get the money there." 

The above is taken from a letter just re- 
ceived in which a liberal contribution was sent 
in for the famine fund. If the first call is read 
it will be seen that there was to be no expense 
of sending money to India. The expense of 
receipting for the money sent in by the 
churches is borne by the World-Wide Fund 
By special arrangements the exchange on the 
drafts has been met, so that every remittance 
to India has placed the gold in the mission- 
ary's hands at par or a little below. Every 
donor can feel that every cent he gave was 
placed in the treasurer's hands in India with- 
out any reduction whatever. $9,700 has been 
forwarded and the balance will follow shortly, 

G. B. R, 

We have been amazed of late to find how 
ministers in churches of large and able congre- 
gations seem to think it of very little conse- 
quence whether or not they preach even once 
a year on heathen evangelism. It is little 
wonder that the people, with such an example, 
respond feebly to missionary claims. A min- 
ister owes it lo himself to bring together, at 
least once a year, his thoughts in the freshest 
way on the extent to which the Gospel has 
thus far affected the world, and his people 
need, for the sake of their own souls, and the 
increase of their own confidence in Christian- 
ity, to be shown that Christ's Gospel has a 
power of transforming even a pagan from 
savagery to sainthood. 

Korea, once the "Hermit Nation," is be- 
coming the most advanced of the nations of 
Asia in its readiness to welcome Christianity, 
The government is favorable, and the senti- 
ment of the more intelligent leaders is toward 
Christianity as a necessity for Korea, if the 
country is to take a place among the advanced 
and advancing nations of the earth. 

Something of the remarkable progress 
made in Japan can be seen in the fact that 
nineteen years ago there was not a newspaper 
published in Japan; now there are 575 daily 
and weekly papers, 35 law magazines, 1 1 1 
scientific periodicals, 35 medical journals, and 
35 religious journals. 

The Philippine Islands. 1,200 in number, 
with a population of 7,500,000, are without a 
single Protestant missionary, but the British 
and Foreign Bible Society has maintained a 
depot at Luzon, and the language in which 
portions of Scripture were offered is the Pan- 

Our Prayer Meeting. 


For Week Ending Feb. 3. 

. The Foundation. 

1. It is sure. Isa. 28: 16. 

2. Christ, the Lord. 1 Cor. 3: 9-1 1. 

3. The Chief Corner Stone. 1 Pet. 2: 6. 

4. The Head of the Corner. Acts . 

4: 11, 


5. Founded on a Rock. Matt. 7: 24-29. 

The Building. 

r. Just what we make it. 1 Cor. 3: 12. 

2. " Lively Stones," " spiritual house." 1 
Pet. 2:4. 5- 

3. A holy temple; a habitation of God 
Eph. 2: 21, 22. 

4. Budt in him. Col. 2: 7. 
The Test. 

1. Our work revealed as by fire. 1 Cor. 

3: 13- 

2. An impartial division. Matt. 25: 31-33. 

The Reward. 

1. A crown of rejoicing. 1 Thess. 2: 19. 

2. An unfading crown. 1 Pet. 5: 4. 


Jan. 20, 1900. 

Notes from Our Correspondents^ 

■• As cold water to a thirsty soul, so is good news from a far country." 

Turnmore.— Jan. 6, Bro. Gephart met with us at our quarter- 
ly council. All the business passed off nicely. We have de- 
cided to move the third Sunday appointment to Curtis. We 
think of starling a prayer meeting at Curtis belore long. Bro. 
Gephart preached one sermon while with us. There has been 
a special call for preaching in Hot Spring County, about thirty 
miles from Arkadelphia. He will leave here Feb. 9. Bro. 
Gephart is going up there to hold a series of meetings. He 
will go by private. conveyance.— W.J, Daniel, Curtis, Ark., 

Jan. 10. 


Montreal.— Since our last report nothing of special impor- 
tance has happened. We are trying, by helping one another, 
to carry on the work to the honor and glory of God. Our 
meetings are not large, and when we see the crowds of people 
going n> die places of amusement every night, need we won- 
der at the coldness of professing Christians? May the Lord 
grant us grace to be bright and shining lights!— Emma C. Ztig- 
ler, 15 Disraeli Place, Jan. jo. 


Smithboro. — Martin L. -Hahn, from Indiana, came to 
us Dec. 28. The first evening he preached in the Baptist 
church in Fairview. On the evening of the 29th he began 
meetings in the Brethren church, in the bounds of the Hurri- 
cane Creek congregation, with fair attendance considering 
the very cold weather at first, and the muddy roads toward the 
last. The meetings closed 
Joseph Jones and 

the evening of Jan. 7. Bro. 
fe, from Girard, were with us part of the 
time.— Cornelius Kessler, Jan. to. 

Panther Creek.— Bro. C. S. Holsinger closed a week's se- 
ries of meetings at our church in Roanoke last night. A deep 
interest was felt, and the meeting closed with excellent inter- 
est. Bn>. Holsinger has been laboring with us since last 
spring and will continue another year.— M. Alice Nofsinger, 
Roanoke, III., Jan. 13. 

Beaver Creek. — Bro. Dorsey Hodgden, of Huntington, Ind., 
came to us Dec. 27, and began a series of meetings. Three 
made the good confession. The meetings are still going on. 
Others arc counting the cost.— Cera M. Hahn, Lakeside, Ind., 
Tan. 8. 

Beaver Dam. —On Sunday, Dec. 24, Bro. John Mishler, from 
the Eel River church, gave us a good sermon, which was well 
received. There is some prospect of opening a preaching 
point in the town of Mentone in the near future.— John L. 
Kline, Sevastopol, Ind., Jan. /j. 

North Fork.— We had quite an interesting Bible school, dur- 
ing the holidays, conducted by Bro. E. M. Cobb. The school 
was a great benefit to all. Bro. Cobb labored with zeal. Bro. 
Eikenberry, of North Manchester, came to us to assist in sing- 
ing— £"//* Blickenstaff, Pyrmont, Ind., Jan. 10. 


Greene.— We met in council Dec. 26. Church ofVicers for 

the year were elected. We also decided to have a singing 

school sometime this winter. Sister Sadie Miller will teach 

the singing.— Eva Kingery, Jan. 15, 

Kingstey.— Bro. A. P. Blough, of Waterloo, Iowa, has been 
engaged in a Bible term, in the Kingsley church, since Dec. 25. 
He closed Jan. 5. The meeting was well attended, with good 
interest.— W. C. Lahman.Jan. 5. 

Mineral Creek.— We had a very enjoyable and profitable 
Bible meeting, beginning on Christmas morning, and continu- 
ing through the entire week, closing on Saturday at noon. 
The interest was good, and the attendance fair. If a better 
knowledge of the Bible is essential to a better Christian life, 
then the members here are better qualified than they were be- 
fore. — Allie Mohler, Leeton, Mo., Jan. 7. 

Mt. Etna. — We met in council January 8. We appointed a 
committee to make arrangememts for our District Meeting, to 
be held at this place next fall. We also finished up all of last 
year's work and began the new year by electing new officers. — 
Nellie PaiUy,Jan. jo. 

Prairie City. — Our church has been without a regular home 
minister since November, when Bro. L. D. Bosserman and 
family moved to Mt. Morris, III. Since that time our dear 
elder, Bro. S. M. Goughnour, has not forgotten us. He and 
son have preached six sermons. Bro. James Gaughnour came 
last Sunday, Jan. 8, and spoke words of cheer. We are eager- 
ly awaiting the time when Bro. Isaac Brubaker, of Illinois, will 
move here. Then we can have preaching every Sunday. Our 
Sunday school has closed for this quarter, but we expect to or- 
ganize again in the spring.— IJda Cadwallader, Jan. 8. 

Stiver Lake.— On Wednesday evening, Jan. to, we met In 
council. June 2 Bro. O. J. Beaver is to begin a series of meet- 
■■.'. O. Met , Lake Park, Iowa, Jan. J2. 
South English — Summing up the work at this place lor 
the past year, we report the following: Series of meetings 
held. 2; love feasts, 2; prayer meetings, 2 each week; preach- 
ing services,2 each week and 1 each month; evergreen Sun- 
day schools, 2; 1 special Bible school; council meetings, 5; 
number of members died, 7; number of letters granted, 9; 
number of letters received, 4; number of baptisms, 30; re- 
claimed, 1; increase of membership, 19; total membership, Jan. 
I, 1900, 195. — S. F. Brower, Jan. 3. 

Dorrance.— Bro. D. R. Holsinger, of Belleville, is with us 
and so far has preached three sermons. We will start a sing- 
ing school to-night. We anticipate a profitable session. — Wm. 
B. Himes.Jan.S. 

East McPherson.— We reorganized our Sunday school by 
electing Bro. J. C. Paterson, superintendent, with an assistant 
corps of officers. We expect to keep the school evergreen and 
do what we can.— Frances Ulrey, Jan. 8. 

Kansas City.— On Jan. 6, at 7:30 P. M., the church met in 
council. Eld. I. H. Crist presided. Considerable business 
was disposed of in about two hours. Two letters were granted 
and three received. The undersigned was chosen Messen- 
ger correspondent. Bro. J. A. Brugh was chosen agent for 
the Brethren Publishing House. Bro. D. G. Sell, one of our 
deacons, having moved away, the church elected and installed 
into the deacon's office Bro. Jesse E'chelbager. The average 
of our Sunday school for three quarters is thirty-four and one- 
fourth. Bro. A. W. Garber is our superintendent. Eld. f. H. 
Crist remained over Sunday and preached at the church at 11 
A. M. and 7:30 P. M. He preached at our mission Sunday 
school on the south side at 3 P. M. We have a live young peo- 
ple's meeting, which meets each Sunday evening at 6: 30 P. M. 
and is prospering.— A. C. Root, 17 South Ninth St., Jan, 10. 

Jlonitor.— We met in quarterly council Jan. 6, at 1:30 P. M. 
Bro. A. M. Dickey, our elder presided. Considerable business 
came before the meeting, which was disposed of in a Christian 
manner. We elected our church officers for the year. Bro. 
Dickey was agam chosen as our elder. Dec. 31 we reorganized 
our Sunday school. We have a prosperous and evergreen 
school. We expect to have a teachers' meeting.— Dora Ard- 
inger, Inman, Kans., Jan. 8. 

Salem.— Dec. 9 Bro. S. J. Miller came to us and conducted 
a three weeks' series of meetings. During the time he 
preached twentv-six profitable sermons. — L. E. Fahmey, 
Sterling, Kans., Jan. 12. 

Saline Valley.— A series of meetings was begun last Sunday 
evening at the Western Star schoolhouse, Ottawa County, by 
our home ministers. Four have already set their faces Zion- 
ward, awaiting saptism. Others are almost persuaded. A 
deep interest is manifested. The congregation is getting larg- 
er every night. — Byrofi Ta lit elm,' Afinneapolis, Kans., Jan. 12. 
Washington.— We met in council Jan. 6. Our elder, W. H, 
H. Sawyer, of Morrill, Kans., was with us. Sunday-school offi- 
cers were elected for six months, and our weekly prayer meet- 
ing reorganized. Bro. John M. Gauby was chosen foreman in 
church work, when our elder is not present. On the whole we 
had a very pleasant and profitable meeting. Bro. Sawyer re- 
mained over Sunday and gave us three excellent sermons.— 
M. D. Gauby, Jan. 8. 

Root River.— We recently closed a very interesting series of 
meetings, conducted by Bro. A. P. Blough, of Waterloo, Iowa, 
who came to us Dec. 2, and continued until the evening of the 
17th, preaching sixteen sermons. The members were greatly 
encouraged and sinners warned. We also held a singing school 
of three weeks, conducted by Sister Sadie Miller, of Waterloo, 
Iowa, which was greatly enjoyed by all. The church met in 
council Jan. 6. Everything passed off pleasantly. Our Sun- 
day school, which is continued the year round, was reorgan- 
ized with Bro. Frank Ogg as superintendent, and Bro. Harvey 
Fishbaugher as assistant. It was decided to hold our spring 
love feast June 16 and 17,— also a series of meetings at that 
time.— Cora M. Ogg, Greenleafton, Minn., Jan. p. 

East Prairie.— We held a week's series of meetings previ- 
ous to our council. We had a full house and good attention. 
Our love feast will be April 21. One deacon,— Bro. M. B, 
Register, — was chosen at our council.—/. R. Grqff, Whiting, 
Mo., Jan. Q. 

Ferrenburg.— We organized our Sunday school last Sunday 
with a full corps of officers. The attendance was large and all 
seemed to take an interest in the work. Some promised to at- 
tend who have never attended before. We also had preach- 
ing at night with a well-filled house of eager listeners. We 
feel somewhat encouraged as the people seem to be taking 
greater interest in the glorious work. — Tabitha Cruea, Jan. ir. 
Nevada.— We met in regular council Dec. 31. Our elder, 
Bro. Wm. Harvey, could not be with us. All the business be- 
fore the meeting was s*atisfactonly disposed of. Next day 
(Sunday) we reorganized our Sunday school for the present 
year, by electing Bro. Isaac Wagoner, superintendent, and 
Bro. Alonzo Leslie, assistant. We propose to make our Sun- 
day school an evergreen one.— D. D. Wine, Box 32, Jan. 11, 

Walnut Creek.— We met in quarterly council Jan. 6. Few 
were present, but love and peace prevailed. Bro. D. M. Moh- 
ler was with us. While winter too often has a deadly effect on 
many of our Sunday schools, we hope to resume ours next 
quarter. The undersigned was chosen church correspondent. 
— Cora L. Wampler, Knoimoster, Mo., Jan. 0. 

Warrensburg. — Eld. Chas. M. Yearout has just closed a se- 
ries of meetings at the Berry schoolhouse, near Calhoun, Mo. 
The attendance and interest in the meetings were good.— John 
E. Mohler, Jan. jo. 


Octavia.— Bro. C. E. Arnold, of McPherson, Kans., came to 
us Dec. 22, and held a Bible Normal, which continued one 
week, Bro, Arnold understands his work well, and also has a 
very effective way of teaching. His visit here did us much 

good. We met in regular council Jan. 6. Scarcely any busi- 
ness came before the church, with the exception of the election 
of officers,— hence the meeting passed off quite pleasantly. 
Some of our interested members are now away, attending 
school, and we keenly feel the effects of their absence. We 
have four ministers. We have preaching every Sunday even- 
ing; also at 1 1 A. M., every other Sunday. We have been sus- 
taining three mission points. We have prayer meeting every 
Wednesday evening. We have quite a good Sunday school, 
with Bro. M. N. Wine'as our superintendent. It is well at- 
tended and quite an interest is being manifested. We also 
have teachers' meeting every Friday evening.—/. O. Streeler, 
Jan. 8. 

Weeping Water.— We met in quarterly council Jan. 6. 
Eld. Uriah Shick presided. All business was disposed of pleas- 
antly. One was received by letter and one letter was granted. 
Bro. Shick remained over Sunday and preached two excellent 
sermons.— Myrta Ryan, Alvo, Nebr.,Jan. 12. 

Carrington.— We met in council Jan. 6. Eld. D, H. Niccum 
presided. All business was pleasantly disposed of. Six let- 
ters of membership were granted and two letters received, 
We still have meetings each Sunday morning at 11 A. M.; al- 
so on Sunday evening. We have a singing school ©n Saturday 
evening. We have a good Sunday school considering the win- 
ter months.— John Bushong.Jan. 6. 

Des Lacs Valley.— We convened in quarterly council Jan. 
6. All the business was satisfactorily disposed of. We de- 
cided to reorganize our Sunday school at Kenmare. We met 
for that purpose the following day, and Bro. H. J. Beagle was 
elected superintendent for first quarter of 1900.—^. W. Haw- 
baker, Kenmare, N. Dak., Jan. u. 

Red River Valley.— We met in council Jan. 6. A part of 
the business was the electing of new officers for the coming 
year. Our Sunday school closed Dec. 31. We have prayer 
meeting each Thursday evening.— Nettie Strycker, Mayville, 
N. Dak., Jan. 9. 

Turtle Mountain.— We met in quarterly council, Nov. 6. 
Our elder, Bro. J. L. Thomas, was with us. While with us he 
preached two sermons, which were much appreciated. Our 
series of meetings, commencing Nov. 12 and closing Nov. 30, 
resulted in three uniting with the church. Meetings were con- 
ducted by our home minister, Bro. Ritzius.— May Sherman, 
Perth, N. Dak., Jan. 8. 

Dayton.— Our Communion was held on Saturday evening, 
Dec. 30, and was a very pleasant occasion. Eld. L. A. BoOk- 
walter, Jesse K. Brumbaugh, Isaac Frantz and Bro. S. Gump 
were with us. Bro. Isaac Frantz preached for us on Sunday 
forenoon. Bro. S. S. Gump did the preaching on Simday 
evening.— Elmer Wombold, 17 Farley St., Jan. //. J 

Defiance.— Bro. C. J. Wilkins, of Grelton, Ohio, began a se- 
ries of meetings in the North Poplar Ridge church Dec. 10, 
and closed Det. 31. He preached the Gospel in its purity.— 
Sarah M. Hornish,Jan. 7, 

Lick Creek.— The members of this church assembled Jan. 
13, to elect a minister and deacon. Elders Witmore and Ja- 
cob Kintner met with us. Bro. Edward Kintner was elected 
to the ministry, and Bro. Charles Brown to the deacon's office. 
Both were duly installed.— AT. /. Bosserman, Jan. 14. 

Ludlow.— Bro. David Hollinger, of North Manchester, Ind., 
commenced a series of meetings Dec. 26, at the Georgetown 
house, closing Jan. 7, preaching twenty-one sermons. He also 
held one children's meeting. Three were b.ptized.— G. W. 
Minnich, Potsdam, Ohio, Jan. 8. 

Maumee.— We met in quarterly council Jan. 6. Bro. Jacob 
Kintner presided. Business was disposed of in love and 
union. Two were received by letter,— Jerome Kintner and 
wife. We reorganized our Sunday school Jan. 7 for the next 
quarter. Bro. Andrew Rupp was elected superintendent, and 
Bro. S. J. Kintner, assistant.— David Shong, Sherwood, Ohio, 
Jan. o. 

North Star.— Bro. Otho Winger came to us Dec. 20, and 
stayed till Dec. 31. He taught an interesting Bible school dur- 
ing the day, and preached at night. Bro. Winger labored 
earnestly. The members have been much strengthened and 
encouraged. Our meetings closed with good interest.— Emma 

Palestine.— Four were received into the church by baptism 
last Sunday, Jan. 7.— Daniel Bailsman, Baker, Ohio, Jan. 10. 

Stonelick.— Bro. D. C. Stutsman, of Cincinnati, preached 
here Jan. 7. He gave us an excellent sermon. We trust he 
can give us some meetings in the future. May we not work 
for a mission in Cincinnati, have Brethren preach the Word 
there, and establish a church in that great city? Are we 
fulfilling the great commission? If not, why not? — Anna 
Lesh.Mt. Repose, Ohio, Jan. 8. 

Upper Stillwater.— We have just closed a most interesting 
Bible school, taught by Bro. J. W. Rarick. While the attend- 
ance was not large, the school has been a success. The study 
of God's Word is always interesting. We had two classes 
each day-one in Bible Outline and one in the " Life of Christ." 
Each evening we had a half hour's review of the work, fol- 
lowed by Bro. Rarick's able lectures on the " Wanderings of 
the Children of Israel." We feel encouraged to go on in the 
cause of the Master.— John M. Stover, Jan. 7. 

West Nimishillen.— We closed an interesting two weeks' 
series of meetings on Sunday evening, Jan. 7. Bro. A. I. 
Heestand, of Smitbville, Ohio, did the preaching. .He 

Jan. 20, 1900. 




preached twenty-two times. The interest was good to the 
close. Four made the good confession and were baptized. — 
Isaac Holl, Lake, Ohio, Jan. g. 

Williams Centre — Bro, J. C. Witmore began a series of 
meetings in the hall in Williams Centre Dec. 31, and preached 
each evening until last evening when the meetings closed. 
We had one day meeting at to: 30, Sunday, Dec. 14. Good at- 
tention was given to the Word preached.— M. J. Bosserman, 
Jan, /j. 


Syria.— On the evening of Dec. 23 our beloved brother, Jo- 
seph Glick came among us and preached four sermons, One 
was baptized on Christmas Day. Bro. Glick's visits are always 
appreciated.— Cordia A. Sate, Jan. 6. 

Turkey Creek.— We met in quarterly council January 4. 
Our elder, W. B. Sell, was with us. He gave us much encour- 
agement. We granted letters to six members which have 
located elsewhere. Bro. Sell has been preaching some power- 
ful sermons at Tonkawa, yet the people sit unmoved. To-day 
he goes to another point to hold meetings. May God bless his 
labor to the salvation of souls.— M, £. Anglemycr, Ponca City, 
Okla., Jan. j. 


Talent.— We met in quarterly council Jan. 6. Considerable 
business came before the council and was disposed of pleas- 
antly. We elected our church officers for next year. One was 
received by letter. We reorganized our evergreen Sunday 
school the last Sunday of the old year. We received $7.16 for 
home mission work. We have from three to five meetings 
each Sunday. — Z, P. Webster, Jan. '//. 

Conestoga. We met in quarterly council Dec. 36, with Bro. 
H. E. Light presiding. Since the death of Eld. Grabill, in Oc- 
tober, Bro. B. Eby, of Manheim, Pa., was chosen to take the 
oversight of our church. But on account of ill health he re- 
signed the charge, and Bro. I. W. Taylor, of Vogansville, Pa., 
was elected in his stead. Bro. Martin Ebersole was called to 
the ministry, and brethren Rife, Myers and John Grabill, Jr., to 
the deacon's office. Bro. C. W. Groff, one of our deacons, has 
just recovered from that dreaded disease, appendicitis. We 
fee! to praise the Lord. — Lissie Myer, Bareville, Pa., Jan. 7. 

Ephrata. — Saturday, Jan. 16, we held our regular council. 
Our elder, I. W. Taylor, presided. Christ was uppermost. 
We held an election for Sunday-school officers. The lot fell 
on Bro. S. W. Kulp for superintendent, and Bro. David Kil- 
hefner, assistant. Both were re-elected. Bro. E. B. Lefever 
and wife handed in their certificates, which were gladly ac- 
cep»M. We need. them both. Bro. Miles Keller and Sister 
Anna Se'tzer were appointed missionary solicitors and the un- 
dersigned Messenger reporter.—/. R. Payer, Jan. S. 

Lancaster' City — This church met in council Jan. 10, at 
7: 30 P. M., and closed at g P. M. Two certificates were re- 
ceived and three were granted. A series of meetings is to be 
held ere long. We appointed a solicitor for World-wide Mis- 
sions; also two brethren and one sister as auditors for the 
present year. The parsonage is about completed and ready 
for occupancy next month. We have an enrollment of about 
two hundred in the Sunday school and twenty teachers. Many 
of the more aged members of the church have been feeble this 
winter. Sister Miriam Fasnacht, who has charge of the little 
girls' sewing school on Saturday afternoon and also the mis- 
sionary sewing society on Thursday afternoon, has been sick 
for several days with la grippe. — T. F. Imler,Jan. /j. 

Lower Cumberland.— Bro. Reuben Shroyer, of Ohio, began 
a series of meeting Dec. 18, and closed Jan. 7. The meetings 
were well attended and the interest very good. Although the 
weather was very cold, on Sunday, Jan. 7, eight were received 
into the church by baptism. Many witnessed the baptismal 
services. Bro. Shroysr labored faithfully while with us. The 
work was appreciated by all. During these meetings a half 
hour song service preceded the sermOh. Visiting ministers 
present during the meetings were Eld. Jacob Hollinger and 
Bro. Cyrus Brindle, of Upper Cumberland, Pa, — Adam M. 
Hollinger, A lien, Pa.,Jan. 8. 

Meyersdale.— We met in council Jan. r, to arrange for the 
work of another year. We had good attendance and every- 
thing passed off pleasantly. We decided to have preaching at 
Fair Hope once a month, -two sermons. We also send one 
minister to Hyndman once a month, to help them along. — /. C. 
Johnson, Jan. 3. 

Shade Creek. — We met in quarterly council Jan. 2. Quite 
an amount of business was disposed of. Owing to inclement 
weather and sickness the attendance was small. Eld. Jacob 
Holsopple presided. The officers for the year were elected 
and the treasurer's report given. There was a balance of over 
S68 in the treasury. The church ordered S35 of this to be for- 
warded to the treasury of the Home Mission Board. This 
makes S75 given to that cause during the year. Several were 
received by letter and several letters were granted. As the 
Sunday-school meeting for Western Pennsylvania will be held 
in this church, this year, and the program committee has left 
it to us to decide on the time, we have selected Saturday, June 
23, for the meeting. Bro. Mahlon Weaver gave us three ear- 
nest sermons while home on a vacation from Juniata, Jan. 7. 
Bro. J. A. Myers, of Huntingdon, Pa., gave us an interesting 
sermon in Scalp Level, on "The Temptation of Christ." Re- 
cently Eld. Musselman and ffro. H. Lahman assisted in a 
council in the West Johnstown church and Eld. Holsopple in a 
similar one in the Johnstown church.—/. E. Plough, Geislown, 
Pa., Jan. 10. 

West Johnstown. — We met in quarterly council on the 
evening of Dec. 28. We had a large attendance. Brethren 
Cloyt McDowell and Frank L. Myers were called to the minis 
try. Bro. McDowell and wife were duly installed. Bro. My- 
ers, owing to sickness was not present, but will be installed as 
soon as he is able to appear at our regular services. All other 
business, coming before the meeting, was disposed of in a 
Christian-like way. The best of feeling prevailed. Elders 

Hildebrand, Musselman and Lehman were with us. N. W, 

Berkley, Femdale, Johnstown, Pa., Jan. 12. 


Manassas. — We held our quarterly council Jan. 6. All 
business passed off very pleasantly. One was reclaimed. A 
committee was appointed to draft plans for a house of wor- 
ship, which we expect to build in the near future. Dec. 31 we 
closed our Sunday school. Brethren J. C. Beahm, J. W.Crist 
and W. K. Conner were present and gave good talks. Bro. 
W.K.Conner preached our Christmas sermon; also one 011 
New Year's evening. Some of our members have left to seek 
homes elsewhere. A few are moving in. We are having de- 
lightful weather for this time of the year. Roads are good, 
even dusty in places.— E. E. Blotigh, Jan. 7. 

Troutville.— This morning at ten o'clock the Troutville 
Sunday school studied the review lesson. It was interesting to 
see how well informed the young members were concerning 
the lessons of the last quarter. After Sunday school Bro. C. 
D. Hylton preached for us. He impressed the importance of 
improving the present opportunity. In the afternoon of the 
same day Eld, Jonas GraybiU gave a missionary sermon to the 
Botetourt " Memorial Mission Circle." We regret that not 
more were present to hear him. Bro. Hylton commences a sc- 
ries of meetings on the Blue Ridge Mountains.— S. L. Shaver, 
Jan. 10. 


Friends Gap.— A series of meetings was held at the above 
place by the writer, beginning Dec. 9, and closing Dec. 17. 
Bro. John A. Arnold, who does the preaching at this place, 
was with us from Dec. 12. There was not as large an attend- 
ance as expected, on account of illness in the neighborhood, 
but the number of those present kept increasing. We had 
marked attention, and believe some good impressions were 
made, which will bear good fruit. There is a band of earnest 
workers here. They have a neat little house of worship. 
While there is some opposition the members are much re- 
spected.— Emra Fike, Eglon, W. Va.,Jan.g. 

Barron. — We are now engaged in a glorious series of meet- 
ings. Three were haptized to-day. Bro. C. P. Rowland is do- 
ing the preaching.— V. P. Trasstnam.Jan, 12. • 


" Write what thou seest, and send it unto the churches." 

O^Church News solicited lor this Department. If you have had a good 
meeting, send a report ol it. so that others may rejoice with you. In writing, 
give name of church, county and state. Be brief. Notes of Travel should be 
as brief as possible. Land or other advertisements are not solicited for this 
department. Our advertising columns afford ample room for that purpose. 

From Jennings, Okla. T. 

Bro. A. G. Fillmore and the writer went to the above 
place Dec. 28, to hold some meetings and organize a church. 
On account of the inclemency of the weather we had but three 
meetings on New Year's Day. At 10 A. M. we met with the 
members in council, for the purpose of organizing. Sixteen 
members were present, and three absent. They chose the 
name " Bethany " for their congregation. 

Having no deacon, they elected Bro. M. Teeter to that posi- 
tion. They also selected the writer as their elder. They have 
nineteen members, three ministers and one deacon. 

Here is a little band of faithful workers that needs the pray- 
ers of the church, as many of them are babes in Christ. .They 
have, however, a bright prospect of building up a large congre- 
gation. They invite other members to come and build up the 
cause of Christ. They have a fair country and cheap homes. 
Any desiring information can write to Thomas Sutton, Jennings, 
Okla. T., or James Miles, Turlton, Okla. T. Enclose stamp. 

Sam'l Edgecomh. 
Plumb, Okla. T.,Jan. //. 

Statistical Report of Deaths in Messenger During 1899. 

The editor's note, concerning the " rider of the pale horse " 
and his work, suggested the gathering of the following statis- 
tics, which I herewith submit: 

Number of deaths by months: January, 103; February, 131; 
March, 164; April, 127; May, 119; June, 99; July, 76; August, 
97; September, 130; October, 117; November, 109; December, 
125; total, 1.397. 

Number of deaths at different ages: From infancy to twenty 
years, 316; from twenty to forty, 206; from forty to sixty, 242; 
from sixty to eighty, 443; eighty to hundred, 187; exceeding 
one hundred, 3. These last named are Paul Brown, of Mis- 
souri, 108 years; a man in Chicago, 106 years; Margaret Bailey, 
Indiana, 103 years. Three others reached the age of 99 years. 

this report shows that the greater numberof deaths occurred 
between sixty and eighty years, and the next greater from in- 
fancy to twenty years. ' Loss of officers during the year: Eld- 
ers, 27; ministers, 23; deacons 40. Jacob Leckrone. 

Ooshen City Church, Ind. 

On the evening of Jan. 1 1 the members of this city convened 
in the new church house, in a members'meeting for the pur- 
pose of advancing the best interests of our people at this 

The name of " Goshen City Church " was adopted for this 
part of the Rock Run congregation, and the writer was ap- 
pointed corresponding secretary for this place. 

A good feeling prevailed throughout the meeting, and it was 
decided to have a members' meeting on the evening of the 
first Thursday of each month, for the purpose of advancing 
the best interests of the Master's cause at this place, and being 
admonished in God's Word, and in the faith and practices of 
our people. 

We expect to have a series of meetings in March, by Eld. J. 
F. Spitzer, of Summitville, Ind„ and the necessary preparations 
for that meeting arc being made. 

We have regular preaching services each Sunday, at 10:30 
A. M., and 7 P. M., and Sunday school at 3 P. M. ' VVe have 
Bible meeting on Wednesday evening of each week at 7:30. 
Members passing this way are cordially invited to stop with us 
and attend any of these services. 1). R, VODER. 

To the Churches of the Middle District of Pennsylvania. 

The annual District Meeting for this District will he held in 
the Warrior's Mark church on the third Wednesday of March, 
being the twenty-first day. The elders of the District will meet 
at two o'clock on the previous day, March 20. Notice of trains, 
etc., will begiven later. w. J, Swigakj. 

Huntingdon, Pa., Jan. 13. 

Nome Again. 

We arrived home safe Dec. 29. Thanks be to our Heavenly 
Father for his care and protection over us! We also feel 
much indebted to our Iriends and brethren fur their kindness 
and hospitality. 

We are very much pleased with our trip. All we have to re- 
gret is that time was too short. We were gone seven months 
and a half, visited 193 families and traveled in seven States. 
We were very favorably impressed with the location the 
Brethren selected for the Messenger office, and hope and 
pray that they may be the means of building up a large church 
in Elgin, and thereby be instrumental in winning many souls to 
Christ. We were so well pleased that we felt like locating 
there with them. 

We have an aged aunt, 86 years old, a sister in the church, 
living in Cardington, Ohio. Any one traveling through there 
would do her a favor to call and see her. She has not heard 
any of the Brethren preach for twenty years. Her name is 
Anna Wolfe. She has been a subscriber of the Messenger 
for many years. She says it is the only preacher she has. We 
enjoyed visiting among the churches and found many faithful 
brethren and sisters, but were often made to feel sad 10 see so 
many leaving the old landmarks and drifting along wiih the 
popular and fashionable churches of the world. If it required 
so much self-denial for our forefathers to secure their salva- 
tion, how shall we escape if we take the world, with all its 
pleasures and pride, along with us! M. E. Utz. 

Union Bridge, Md. 

Trine Immersion. 

Let us suppose single immersion is Christian baptism. 
Now suppose a man is immersed once in the Christian (Camp- 
bellite) church, or becomes dissatisfied, goes over to the Bap- 
tist church and is immersed once more, does that unbaptize 
him? Or, being now a Baptist, and becoming dissatisfied be 
comes over and joins the Brethren. We immerse him three 
times, does that " unbaptize" him, if either of the other immer- 
sions were Christian baptism? Plainly, would Christian or 
Baptist take him back without rebaptizing him? It is clear, 
therefore, that trine immersion is safe. If, to repeat the act in 
different churches, will not invalidate single immersion, most 
assuredly a repetition of the act by the same church will not. 

On the other hand, suppose trine immersion is Christian 
baptism. Now, suppose a man is immersed once only, is he 
baptized? Plainly, if a man is immersed three times, becomes 
dissatisfied, goes away and joins some church that takes him 
on his baptism, or immerses him once, does that unbaptize 
him, trine immersion being right? We claim, therefore, that 
trine immersion is safe. Why not accept it and reject all oth- 
ers? B. E. Kesler. 

A True Soldier of the Lord. 

By reading the sixth chapter of Ephesians we learn what 
kino* of a uniform we should have on if we are true soldiers: 
" Wherefore take unto you the whole armor of Gud, that ye 
may be able to withstand in that evil day. . . Stand there- 
fore." By this we see we should have the erect posture. We 
should always remember this when we are before an audience. 

We see that earthly soldiers always obey their captain. So 
we should be willing to obey our Leader, and when called 
upon to perform a duty we should be quick to respond, and 
take hold of the work with energy and zeal. 

We should not be sleepy soldiers, for the enemy may over- 
take us. Christ says: " Awake, thou that sleepest." Tbis ap- 
plies'to us all. It would be a very poor example to the uncon- 
verted to see one minister sleep while the other is speaking. 



Jan. 20, 1900. 

It is also discouraging to the minister to see the brethren and 
sisters nodding while he is probably doing his best to entertain 

Then as true soldiers we should not be afraid to face the en- 
emy and to fight the good fight of faith. We should also be 
willing to keep on the whole armor. 

In the first place we should stand, having our loins girt 
about with truth, for Christ's words are truth and life. We 
should have the breastplate of righteousness, and our feet 
shod with the "preparation of the gospel of peace." We 
should take the " shield of faith, wherewith we may be able to 
quench all the fiery darts of the wicked." We should not for- 
get to take our sword " which is the word of God." If we are 
careful to keep this armor on, Satan will have no chance at 
us, and we shall come out more than conquerors. 

We should never be ashamed to do something for Jesus, 
though it be ever so small; for if we are ashamed of him he 
will also be ashamed of us, and we will be cowardly soldiers. 
Let each one say by the help of the Lord, "I will do what I 
can," Then, perhaps, we will be able to say as Paul did: " I 
can do all things through Christ which strengthened me." 
For if we never try, surely we never will succeed. 

As true soldiers we should always be at our post of duty, 
and give our attendance and attention if no more. We 
should never neglect the prayer meeting or any other church 
gathering. Then, if we have done all these and pray always 
with all supplication, when we come to leave this world 
we can say we have fought a good fight, and receive the crown 
of righteousness which is laid up for the faithful soldiers of 
our Lord Jesus Christ. Nellie Carl. 

Are We Drifting? 

One has only to know something of the history of the church, 
on many of the burning questions of the day, to form an idea 
as to whether we are drifiing or not. On some questions, in- 
deed, the church has moved right out into the current of oppo- 
sition, and is going on conquering and to conquer, until now 
she bids fair to turn the current entirely her way. Her mo- 
mentum seems almost sufficient to crush out prejudice and 
selfishness. Having opened her eyes to receive new light 
from the blessed pages of God's Word, our most sanguine 
hopes are being more than realized. 

Think, for instance, of the missionary cause. Who would 
have thought, twenty years ago, that to-day it would keep a 
secretary almost constantly at his desk, receiving and receipt- 
ing for the thousands of dollars that are flowing into the Lord's 
treasury? The sentiment is just being crystallized, and who 
can predict its proportions twenty years hence? 

All these changes are most gratifying to the earnest seeker 
after God, but in our enthusiasm over these changes for the 
better, 1 believe we are losing our grip on things that are just 
as important, they being also a part of God's whole Word. 

We, as well as most other people, see but one thing at a 
time vividly. Other things, just as glaring, right by its side, 
receive only a casual glance, and then pass out of our minds 
entirely. It is the aim of the church to correct such evils. 
The different offices in the church are for its perfecting. The 
apostles had not noticed that the Grecian widows were neglect- 
ed in the daily ministrations, so it became necessary to appoint 
men specially to look after it that their own minds might be 
given to prayer and the ministry of the Word. 

In our zeal and satisfaction over the missionary cause I think 
many of our members, old and young, are going astray, un- 
noticed, in fashionable dress. Many of the things allowed to 
be worn certainly are an abomination unto the Lord. All this 
is on the increase. Remember it requires momentum, also, 
until it passes right over admonition, discipline, and parental 
training in its course. Righteous Lot could not save even all 
of his own family from that awful destruction. The surround- 
ing wickedness engulfed some of his children, whom he doubt- 
less had tried to bring up right. Our own children may be, 
and often are, caught in the tide and carried into danger. Sen- 
timent generally seems to be growing weaker against this evil. 
If left alone, — indulged by neglect, — twenty years farther on 
in the future might present a dark picture. 

M. P. Hollar. 

Hardin, Mo. 

From the Johnstown Church, Pa. 

At our regular church council, held in the Walnut Grove 
house, Dec. 28, officers were elected for tne ensuing year. Sis- 
ter Lizzie Wertz was electtd corresponding secretary to suc- 
"ceed A. J. Strayer, who was elected recording clerk. Brethren 
E. H. Detwiler and Ben Strayer were elected members of our 
church mission board. This board was created, by the 
church, five years ago. It is the business of these brethren, 
two of whom are elected each year, to look up and provide 
for new points in the congregation. This year they are put- 
ting all their efforts toward a new house being built at Conc- 

Elders Jacob Holsopple and E. J. Blough being with us, 
Bro. Abram Fyock was ordained to the full ministry. Bro. 
Sam'l H. Fyock was called to the ministry, and brethren Mil- 
ton Metzgar and Wm. Harrison to the office of deacon. The 
ordination and installation were very impressive, many being 
moved to tears. ' 

We have now, since the West Johnstown congregation 
was formed from the parent organization, a membership 
of about three hundred. The church has an official board of 
two elders, six ministers and thirteen deacons. We have five 

places of preaching, with four appointments one Sunday and 
five the next. In this way considerable work is being done and 
yet much more might and should be done. We pray for re- 
newed effort and continuance of God's grace. S. S. Blough. 
Johnstown, Pa., Jan. 6. 

A Help to Ministers, Teachers and Others. 

To aid all who wish to study the Bible and desire to save 
time and labor, as well as the wear and tear of good books, I 
give the following, that they may accomplish more, and still 
have an easy, pleasant work. 

The best way I have found to learn the many great truths 
of the Bible, and also to collect, in a little time, the various 
texts and thoughts given upon any of its great subjects, is this: 
Take the Concordance in hand, and select a leading word in 
the text or thought sought for, and when found in the Concord- 
ance, note carefully all the quotations given in connection 
with that word, from Genesis to Revelation. 

For example, take the word "good," with all its various 
forms and connections, and it will give you at least 600 texts, 
in which that word, in some of its forms, occurs. 

Take the word " evil," and you will find reference to at least 
500 texts. Then take the word " man," and it is given at least 
1,400 times, while the word " Lord " occurs 2,000 times, and in 
all variety of expression. These four words will give to the 
reader at least 4,500 texts and good thoughts, so that no minis- 
ter need use one or two favorite texts until they are worn thread- 
bare, and all the life is worn out of his sermons. All will be 
surprised to see what a mass of great thoughts, and good 
things, both new and old, are contained in God's Book. Matt. 
13:52. If all its readers will give good heed to its many les- 
sons, these will make all happier and better, and will throng 
" a new gate in the Lord's house." See Jer. 26: 10; 36: 10. 

Landon West. 

From Campbellsvllle, Ky. 

We met in council to-day at the home of Bro. D. E. Cripe. 
There was not much business before the council. 

The necessary preliminary arrangements were made for our 
Communion, to be held at Bro. Bridge's on Saturday evening, 
Jan. 13. 

A collection was held for the India famine sufferers. There 
were present nine members and one friend, who, we think, 
ought to be a member. Our number was small, but we are 
consoled with the belief that Jesus was in our midst. Bro. A. 
S, Culp spent nearly five weeks in Ohio. He assisted in two 
series of meetings in Miami County, and enjoyed his visit very 
much, He speaks in a commendable manner of the churches 
he visited. He is impressed with the liberal way in which they 
cared for his temporal needs. They also remembered his 
faithful companion at home with a liberal gift. 

May God help us all to remember the faithful sisters, who, 
week after week are compelled to bear the burden of home 
cares alone, while their husbands are earnestly trying to fulfill 
the mission entrusted to their care, the feeding the lambs, and 
preaching repentance to a dying world. W. H. Fairhurn. 

Hatcher, /Cans., Jan. 6. 

Review of 1899 

In looking over the past year we have many things to be 
thankful for. While our work has not resulted in bringing 
about visible results, we trust this year has been one of sowing 
and that in the years to come we will reap the harvest. Early in 
the year we were favored by a welcome visit from Eld. David 
Rowland, of Lanark, 111., who preached two able sermons for 
us. "We were just building our new churchhouse, when Bro. 
Rowland stopped with us. Learning of our condition here, 
our dear brother took the matter back to his home church, and 
others. Later we received some help from him, towards build- 
ing our new church. We would like to mention all those who 
have aided us in our church building, but space will not per- 

Our elfler, J. B. Wertz, of Quinter, Kans., was with us quite 
a while during the summer. We always appreciate his pres- 
ence. During the year one who had wandered from the fold 
was reinstated. We have two Sunday schools which are doing 
good work. Both use the Brethren's literature, and are run 
the entire year. Dear brethren and sisters, let us all pray 
more earnestly, and work with greater zeal, that more good 
may be done during the coming year than has been done in 
the past. D. M. Click. 

From Ellison, N. Dak. 

We had fine weather up to Thanksgiving. Since then win 
ter came on us slowly but surely. 

We had a very interesting Bible term, commencing Christ- 
mas, and closing to-day, New Year's. Bro. J. H. Fike was our 
teacher. He is a teacher in the full sense of the word. The 
weather was a little breezy. Mercury played around zero all 
week, but wedo not mind that here. The Bible term was held 
at Bro. Alvin Miller's, where we had good accommodations. 
This place is in what is known as the Waterloo colony, in the 
Rock Lake District. We also have preaching and Sunday 
school at the same place every Sunday; also another preaching 
point and Sunday school eight miles south, but within the 
bounds of this congregation. 

I never saw a more regular attendance than we had last 
week, nor did we see more interest manifested in God's Book. 

A. J. Blough. 

From the Sweetwater Church, N. Dak. 

The members of this congregation convened in quarterly 
council Jan. 6. Our elder not being present, Bro. Silas N. 
Eversole, our minister, took charge of the meeting. Consider- 
able business was pleasantly disposed of. Bro. Alhert Snow- 
berger was elected as clerk. Several letters of membership 
were granted to brethren who will move to the Salem church 
in the near future. This will leave the church here quite 

We hold meetings here every two weeks, also Bible meeting 
every Lords Day at 3 P. M. and song service at 7 o'clock in 
the evening. We have no meetinghouse of our own, so we 
meet at our homes. In this way we do what we can. May 
the Lord speed the day when there will be a large church at 
this place. Though there are but few of us now, yet we feel 
greatly encouraged to press on toward the mark. 

Mary E. Grimes. 
Jan. o. 

. ♦ . 

From South English, Iowa. 

Another interesting Bible school has just closed. Bro. E. 
S. Young and Sister Alice King were with us as instructors. 
This was the fourth special term at this place. We consider 
them to be time well spent. On Sunday our Sunday school 
was reorganized for six months. Five male and four female 
officers were elected, and six male and five female teachers. 
Most of them are young members. We decided that the 
Quarterlies are for home study and should be left there. The 
general report for 1899 was: Days taught, 53; average attend- 
ance, q6; verses recited, 3,041; collection for supplies, $40.54. 
Besides this over S70 has been collected for missions by the 
school. S. F. Brower. 

Jan. 3. 

. ■»» . 

From Auitman, Arizona. 

I came here from Glendale, Sept. 1, 1897, and started in the 
work of the Master on my own responsibility. Until Dec. 31, 
1898, I preached 130 times, held 40 Bible meetings, baptized 5, 
and traveled on horseback 500 miles. Jan. 1, 1899, ' com- 
menced work under the direction of the Mission Board of Cal- 
ifornia and Arizona. During the year I preached 118 sermons, 
baptized I2,and traveled mostly on horse over i30omiles. July 
29, 1899, Bro. P. Forney, of Glendale, organized us into what is 
known as the Verde church, with twenty-four members. None 
of us claim perfection, but by the grace of God I believe we 
are striving to that end. 

We want as many consecrated ministers and lay members as 
possible, to come to Arizona Territory to work and livc;^r 
Christ. C. E. Gillett. 

Dec. 31. ^^ 

From Pleasant Mountain, Tenn. 

Our series of meetings began on Sunday before Christmas. 
It was conducted by our home ministers, and continued about 
eight days. On Wednesday, Dec. 25, brethren J. H. Arga- 
brigbt and S. H. Garber came to us and labored faithfully 
night and day. One was made willing to accept the truth, and 
came forward for baptism. On Sunday morning, Dec. 31, 
brethren Argabright and Garber started for their homes. Our 
home minister, Bro. W. S. Ledbetter, preached for us on Sun- 
day morning. Another young man made application for mem- 
bership, and two came forward to be reclaimed. We now 
have two applicants for baptism and two to be reclaimed at 
our next meeting, on Saturday before the second Sunday in 
January. Fannie B, Smith. 

Solitude, Tenn., Jan. /. 

My Real Pleasure. 

I must say that I do enjoy reading the Messenger. It is 
my only real pleasure outside of reading the Bible. I live 
seven and one-half miles from the meetinghouse. On cold,, 
stormy days I cannot attend meeting, as I have to go alone 
most of the time. Then I pass the day reading. How I love 
to peruse the welcome pages of the Messenger! May our 
Lord be still the helper of those who edit the Messenger, and 
may they continue to give us such a grand paper. May God's 
blessing be with us now and forever. Sarah A. Miller. 
Lewistown, Ohio, Jan. j. 

The Sisters' Aid Society, of Ottawa, Kans. 

The Sisters of the Ottawa church met May 31, 1899, and or- 
ganized a society, known as the Sisters' Aid Society of the 
Brethren church. Report up to Dec. 21, 1899, shows meetings, 
8; average attendance, 9. Considerable work was done. A 
number of articles were sold or distributed as the society saw 
fit. They sent $3 to the India sufferers. We, as sisters in the 
the work, have been blessed both spiritually and financially, 
and enjoyed the social meeting together. Minnie Frantz. 

The Aid Society at Kansas City, Kansas. 

Since last April the Sisters' Aid Society at this place has 
received 294 garments, and given out 217. These, of course, 
were given to the needy. They received, through their treas- 
urer, g.24.17, and paid out 19.74. There is on hand at this time, 
S4.38. We feel to thank those who so kindly donated to our 
society. Fannie H. Keim, Sec. 

goo Pacific Avenue. 

Jan. 20, 1900. 


^MA TFN M O N I A L -^ 

"What therefore God hath joined together, let not 
man put asunder.'' 

DICKINSON — SMITH. — By the under- 
signed, at the residence of R. Thompson, 
Campverde, Ariz., Frank L. Dickinson and 
Hulda S. Smith, both of Campverde, Arizona. 
C. E. Gillett. 

EDGECOMB — BURNETT. -At the resi- 
dence of the bride's parents, near Cushing, 
Okla. T., Dec. 24, 1899, by the undersigned, 
Bro. George Edgecomb, of Sherman, Kans., 
and Sister Maud N. Burnett, of Cushing, Okla. 
T. A. J. Detrick.' 

HEASTON-DELL.— At the residence of 
Bro. Isaac Dell, near Hamilton, Nebr., Dec. 28, 
1899, by the undersigned, Bro. Alvah C. Heas- 
ton and Sister Susie Dell, both of Gage County, 
Nebr. Urias Shick. 

LEWIS— SLIFER.— By the undersigned, at 
the residence of the bride's mother, Dec. 19, 
1899, Mr. David A. Lewis, of Gapland, Wash- 
ington County, Md., and Sister Elsie A. Slifer, 
of Broad Run, Frederick County, Md. 

David Ausherman. 

WELLS — McMILLEN. - By the under- 
signed, at the residence of the groom's mother, 
near Oakley, 111., Dec. 31, 1899, Wm, Wells 
and Emma McMillen, both of Macon County, 
I' 1 - A. L. Bingaman. 

WINE— KELLER.— At the home of the 
bride's parents, Octavia, Nebr., Jan. r, 1900, by 
the undersigned, Bro. David G. Wine and Sis- 
ter Lottie M. Keller, both of Octavia, Nebr. 
C. E. Arnold. 


-' Blessed are the dead which die ia the Lord.' 

ARNNET — In the Greentown church, Ind., 
I Jan. 5, 1900, Sister Charity Arnnet, wife of Bro. 
John Arnnet, aged 76 years, 11 months, and 18 
days. She was born in Fountain County, Ind. 
At the age of eleven years she was left an 
wyiw M?y 9. 1843, she was married to John 
(iirthet. T'ij . children were born to them, of 
«>a6m two preceded her. She leaves eight 
children and an aged father and husband. 
Tbey moved to Howard County, Ind., in 1848. 
They united with the Brethren church forty- 
five years ago. Services by the writer, from 
Rev. 14; 12, 13. Daniel Bock. 

BEEGHLY. — In the Bear Creek church, 
Ohio, of pneumonia, Amy Belle Beeghly, 
daughter of Bro. John and Sister Ida Beeghly! 
aged 1 year, 6 months and 29 days. She 
leaves father, mother, two brothers and five 
sisters, one of whom is her twin sister. Ser- 
vices by the Brethren from Matt. 19: 14. ' 

Josiah Eby. 

BEYDLER.— In the Middle Fork church, 
Clinton County, Ind., Dec. 23, 1809, Sister Eliz- 
abeth Beydler, nee Gochenour, aged 85 years 
and 28 days. She was born in Shenandoah 
County, Va., married Joseph Beydler in 1844, 
and united with the church in 1850. She 
was the mother of seven children, four of 
whom are living. She has been a widow for 
thirty-eight years. She was a noble Christian. 
Services by Bro. J L. Hazlett, assisted by Eld. 
L. T. Holsinger, from Rev. 14: 13. 

John E. Metzger 

3 months and 29 days. She leaves a husband 
and seven children. Services by our home 
ministers, Taylor, Lefever and Kilhefner. 

J. R. Rover. 

HAINES.— At the home of his sister, Lucy 
Erb., Pleasantville, Iowa, Dec. 8, 1899, Bro. 
Rudy Haines, aged 72 years and 6 months. 
He was a member of the Brethren church. 
Services in the Christian church by one of 
their ministers. Sarah Agard. 

HANES— In Warren, Md., Dec. 25, 1899, 
Bro. Andrew Hanes, aged 60 years. He was 
ill for a few weeks only. Services by the 
writer, assisted by Elders Uriah Bisler and 
C. D. Bonsack. He is survived by a wife and 
twelve children. w. E. Roop. 

HUHLER— In the bounds 'of the Upper 
Deer Creek church, Ind., Oct. 9, 1899, Frances 
Warner, aged Si years, 5 months and 23 days. 
She was born in Montgomery County, Ohio, 
April 16, 1818, and was united in marriage to 
George W. Huhlcr Nov. 26, 1844. To this 
union were born five sons and three daughters, 
seven of whom survive her. They removed to 
Indiana to the farm on which they spent 
nearly a half century of their lives. She was a 
faithful member of the Brethren church and 
lived a consistent Christian life for a number 
of years. She leaves an aged, blind compan- 
ion with seven children. Services in the Chris- 
tian church at Young America, from Prov. 
14: 32, by the writer. Jacob Cripe. 

KLINE.— In the Midland church, Va., Jan. 
1, 1900, of membranous croup, Harvey Lee, 
only son of Bro. C. D. and Sister Lucy s! 
Kline, aged 4 years, 11 months and it days. 
Services by Bro. Andrew Chambers from 2 
Kings 4: 26. w. S. Cubbage. 

MOCK.— In Noble township, Branch County, 
Mich., Jan. 1, igoo, George Michael Mock, 
aged 91 years, 2 months and 13 days. He 
was born Oct. 18, 1808, in Wurtemberg, Ger- 
many. In 1835 he was married to Miss Rosina 
Shlagel. One son was born to tbem, who sur- 
vives him, In 1850 he emigrated to America. 
He resided in Berks County, Pa., till the 
spring of 1861, when he removed to Michigan. 
Services by Eld. Peter Long. John Long. 

PAULIS— In the bounds of the Ml. Zion 
congregation, Ohio, Dec. 24, 1899, Silas Ed- 
ward, son of Bro. Henry and Sister Elizabeth 
Paulis, aged 10 months and 18 days. 

E. Loomis. 


BLOUGH.— In the Quemahoning congrega- 
tion, Ohio, Jan. 7, 1900, Delia Blough, daughter 
of Bro. Ananias and Sister Sadie Blough, aged 
2 years, 4 months and 12 days. Services by 
'ne writer, assisted by Bro. S. P. Zimmerman. 
J. S. Zimmerman. 

GINGERY.— In the bounds of the Chip- 
Pewa congregation, Ohio, Dec. 31, 1899, Dora 
v 'ola Gingery, daughter of U. H. and S. Gin- 
8 er y, aged 3 years and 16 days. Interment at 
Ine Beech Grove meetinghouse. Services by 
B 'o. James Murray, from 2 Kings 4: 26. 

Susan Irvin. 
GRASSMAN.— In the bounds of the Big 
£watara church, Pa., Jan. 1, 1900, Bro. Henry 
rassman, aged 47 years, n months and 8 
°ays. Services by brethren John H. Witmer 
a »d John A. Landis. Text, John 11:25, 26. 
Dorothy J. Aungst. 

HAGY -— In *e Ephrata church. Pa., Dec. 
i ■ '899, of heart failure, Sister Catherine 
n »Ey, wife of Bro. Peter Hagy, aged 59 years, 

SHELLER. — In the Lanark^ church, 111., 
Jan. 6, 1900, of pneumonia, Sister Christena 
Sheller, nee Bender, aged 78 years, II 
months and 25 days. She was the wife of Bro, 
George Sheller, deceased, and was born in 
Franklin County, Pa. She was a faithful sis- 
ter in the church. Services in the Breth- 
ren church in Mt. Carroll, 111. Interment in 
the cemetery at that place. The writer, as- 
sisted by Bro. Franklin Myers, conducted the 
services. 1. Bennett Trout. 

SHERK— In the city of Harrisburg, Pa., 
Jan. 2, 1900, Sister Mary Sherk, aged 88 years, 
9 months and 22 days. Services by Eld. John 
H. Witmer, from I Thess. 4: 14. 

Dorothy J. Aungst. 

SMITH.— At Morrill, Kans., Dec. 27, 1899, 
Sister Evaline Smith. She was found dead 
her room. December 30, Bro. Ruel Smith, 
husband of the first named. Both were 
suffocated by gas, caused by a clogged flue. 
On Sunday, Dec. 31, both were laid side by side 
in one grave in the cemetery at Morrill, Kans. 
Five children are left to mourn their sad be- 
reavement. Brother and Sister Smith were 
worthy members of the North Morrill church, 
Kans. Services by the Brethren, from the 
words of Christ, " Be ye also ready." Matt. 
2 4 : 44. J. S. Mohler. 

TOMLINSON.-In Chicago, 111., Dec. 9, 189, 
of cancer, Hannah M. Tomlinson {net Crouse 
aged 60 years, 3 months and 13 days De- 
ceased was born in Chester County, Pa 
moved to Carroll County, 111., in .856. She was 
united in marriage to Lyman O. Tomlinson 
June 1, 1867, and moved to Chicago in 1873 
She leaves a faithful husband and two sons to 
mourn the loss of a devoted wife and affection- 
ate mother. She united with the Brethren 
church early in life, and lived a faithful Chris- 
tian. She bore her affliction patiently and 
died in full hope of eternal life. Her remains 
were brought to the home of her youth and 
laid to rest in Hickory Grove cemetery. Serv- 
ices by the writer, assisted by Calvin Mc- 
Nel1 "- J. G. Rover. 

WALDMAN. - I„ the bounds of the Mt 
Z,o„ church. Ohio, Dec. 29, ,89,, of cancer, 
Elizabeth Waldman, aged 41 years, 3 months, 
and 22 days. Her Christian mother preceded her 
eighteen years. Since that time Lizzie acted 
largely ,n the capacity of a mother. Services 
by the writer, assisted by Bro. R. R. Shroyer 
Text, John ,6:33. E. Loomis. 

WALTER.-In the Pipe Creek church, Ind., 
Dec. 29, 1899, Sister Mary Elizabeth, wife of 
Bro. John E. Walter, aged 22 years, 9 months 
and 26 days. She was born in Miami County 
Ind. March 2, 1896, she was united in mar- 
nage to Charles J. Myers, who met his sudden 
death Jan. 10, 1898. She was married May 21, 
1899, to her now bereaved husband. Besides 
her husband she leaves parents, two brothers 
and four sisters. Services by Bro. Frank 
F,sher - W. B. Dailev. 

WEIRICH.-In the Canton congregation, 
Ohio, of diphtheria, Jacob S. Weirich, only son 
of Bro. and Sister Malachi Weirich, aged 7 
years, 1 month and 24 days. He was a bright 
boy, an excellent Sunday-school scholar. Serv- 
ices at the Center church by W. H. Quinn 
and the writer. j 0HN F. Kahler. 

WHERLEY.-In Baders, 111., Dec. 21, 1899, 
of consumption, Bro. John Wherley, aged 39 
years, 4 months and 18 days. He leaves a 
father, three brothers and four sisters. Inter- 
ment in the cemetery at the Astoria church. 
Services by Mr. Beck. Mary Rowland, 

Many People. 

Know of Abraham H. Cassel, the 
noted collector of ancient and valuable 
books and manuscripts. His judgment 


ranks above everyone else's when in- 
formation in the book is considered. 
Here is what he says: 

Dear Brother Brumbaugh;— 

I received the copy of your "History of the 
Brethren," which you so kindly sent me, and 
am glad to say I am greatly pleased with it 
I perused it carefully and find it as nearly 
correct as could possibly be expected. In short 
it meets my hearty approval, above my most 
sanguine expectations, and 1 consider it worthy 
a high place in every home in the Brotherhood, 
as It is the only true and reliable history ever 
written concerning the Brethren. I can truth- 
fully say I am glad that such a work has come 
to the church while I am yet living. I am 
grateful that my eyes have seen the result of 
a life-long collection of the materials from 
which, among other sources, it is compiled.— 
Abraham //. Cassel. 

Agents are making the sale of the 
book a success. Write for territory at 
once. Address, 

Brethren Publishing House, 
22 and 24 S. State St. Elgin, 111. 


Great Kedemption 

A Late and Interesting Treatise on the Various 
Doctrines of the New Testament. 

By Quincy Leckrone. 



Church Directory. 

Limited to three lines lor cIIIch of 30,000 or over. 


YORK PA.-Cor Belvidere Ave. aod Kins St. Serv- 
ices, Sunday, 10 A. M . 7 P M - S S n A M- ««.„<: 
lee, t P. M.fprayer M^l™*^.*.' "Jok's! Se "" 

> r r. V ^l E k U iP~' : "J ,L ;!f"? » nd Councils!. Serv- 
fei 3 ro ;. M 'i 7:3 ° r - M -'- S - S.. 030 A, M., Bible 
Reading, Wednesday, 7: 30 P. M. «»«.o 

„a < ! S ,n A 5'. GE, £. ES ' CAL.-Chani.lri, St.eel. belween nth 
"« d X. Th«,Sl,r h ,':K S "■ «■■■ 5 ' S.. 3 P. M, Bill. 

—6/, 1 

STARNS.-At Topeka, Kans., Dec. 24, 1899, 
Harry,, little son of friend Elmer and Mabel 
Starns, aged 3 years, 8 months and 1 day. In- 
terment in the Sabetha cemetery. Services in 
the Sabetha church by the writer, from Matt. 
18: 3- R. A. Yoder. 

STONE.— In Chambersburg, Pa., Jan. 2, 
1900, Miss Edna M. Stone, aged 14 years and 
11 days. She had a very brief illness. Next 
to the youngest, she was the arst to quit this 
life, of a family of six children. Services by 
the writer at the home of her aunt, in West- 
minster, Md. Interment in the city cemetery. 
W. E. Roop. 

[ ( : H ? ! c /p GO M.!k L s.7,S.?r. 3 " DgB st - ServICM ' » A - 

BALTIMORE, MD.-South Baltimore Mission. 1108 
H«H-° n w'- L ° C c 3t £> lnt - S « rvi «3 each night, F rJc 
Reading Room. Scandinavian meetings, Friday 8 P M 

DECATUR, ILL.-Gephart Hall, ,103, ,r« N. Water 
at. b. S„ 10 A. M.; preaching, 11 A, M., 7: 30 P M 

CEDAR RAPIDS, IOWA.-Cor. *th Ave. and nth Si. 
Services, it A. M 7: 30 P. M.; S. S\, 10 A, M. ; Praye 
Meeting, Wednesday evening. y 

DAYTON, OHIO.-CollegeSt. & 4th Ave. (West Side) 
»:« Lft^P ^ er "" ,M - 6; 3°P- M.; Preaching 

BALTIMORE, MD. - Northwest Baltimore Mission, 
i M P '«p'TC Calhoun St. Services, Sunday, o ; 30 
A. M., 8 P. M.; Bible Class, Wednesday, 8PM 

DENVER. COLO.-Cor. W. 14th Ave. and Irving S. 
I* m"4'i. Mi: pre » n,n P' " A - «.. P'aver Meeting, 7: a< 
P. M. Take west-bo undLa rimer Cable, oS at Irving 

DES MOINES, IOWA.-1606 E. Lion St. S S 10 A 

M.: Preaching a A. M 8 P.M.; Children's Meeting; 
P. M.; Prayer Meeting, Thursday, 8 P. M. 

LANCASTER. PA.-Charlotte St. near Lemon. S. S., 
i A M M Hiki e M hl1 !^ ,0 . A J M - ? :I SP-Mj Song Service. 7 
P. M.; Bible Meeting, Wednesday, 7: 30 P. M. 

HARRISBURG PA.-Brethren Chanel, Cor.ol Hum- 
mel St. and Haehnlen Ave S. a., 10 A. M.; Preaching. 11 
A. M., 7: 3o P. M.; Prayer Meeting, Wednesday evening 

WASHINGTON D. C.-Corncr 4 th Street and North 
Carolina Avenue. S. E. Preaching, 1, A. M„ 8 P. M. : 
b. b., 10 A. M. ; Young People's Meeting, 7 P. M. 

« ST V JSSil"' MO.-Meetlmr every Sunday at to: 30 A. 
M., at Old Schuolhousc un Madison St., a« blocks west 
ol car line in Walker's Addition. 


WA X N .S' JND.-CoraerGnySt. and Craten Ave 
"" 10: 45 A. M., 7: 30 P. M "' 

S. S., 9: 30 A. M.; Preachi:.*, , 

ble Reading, 6:30; Prayer Meeting. Wednesday,7:'3oP 

READING, PA.-Church St. near Greenwich. Serv- 
ices 10: w A M 7: IS P. M„- S. S„ 0: r S A. M.; Bible 
Reading, Wednesday evening; Prayer Meeting, Friday 

BROOKLYN MISSION. N. Y.~. W 3d Ave. S. S„ ic 
A. M ^preaching, n A.M. .7: 30 P.M.; Bible study. Tues- 
day; Singing, Wednesday; Piayer meeting, Friday. 

ALTOONA PA— Cor. 6th Ave. and Fifth St. S. 5 , 
A. M.; preaching, 10: 30 A. M., 7 P. M.; Bible study, 6 P. 
M,; Prayer meeting, Wednesday, 7; 45 P. M. 

KANSAS CITY, KANS.-Corner Central Ave. and oth 
St.; 5. 5., 10 A, M.: preaching, n A.M., 7: 4S P. U.i Pray- 
:rmeeting, Thursday. 8 P. M. " ' ' 

LOS ANGRLES. CAL.-336S. Hancock St., East Los 
Angeles. Services. 11 A. M., 7: 30 P. M.; S. S., 10 A. M. 

MONTREAL, CANADA.-no Delorimier Ave., near 
St. Catherine. Services. S. S., 11 A.M.; Bible Class. 3 P 
M.: preaching. 7 P. M.; praver meeting, Wednesday Ev'g 

YORK, PA.— East York Mission, East Market Street. 
Services each Sunday. 

Prerequisites of Christian Fellow 

Chapter i.— Faith, 10 pp. 

Chaptrr a.— Repentance, 6 pp. 

Chapter 3.— Baptism, 59 pp. 
PART IL-Chrtstlan Fellowship, 

Chapter i.-Washing Saint's Feet, 17 pp. 

CHAPTER a.-The Lord's Supper, 16 pp. 

Chapter 3.— The Communion, 20 pp. 

Chapter 4.— The Week ol Passion, 17 pp. 
PART Ill.-Indlvldual Christian Duties. 

Chapter [.-The Holy Kiss ol Charity, 7 pp. 

Chapter a.— Anointing Sick with 01!, 4 pp. 

Chapter 3.— Every Good Work, 33 pp. 

Chapter 4 .-Keeplng Unspotted irom the 
World, 59 pp. 
PART IV.-Chrlst hath Redeemed Us, ia pp. 
What Some Have Suld about It: 
uic arguments are forcible, well clothed and of a high 
order in the held „l debate The book i* ,,..,.1,1,1, , i. 
cannot loll to do much good, I,, [act more in , link 
compass thau any hook published by the Brethren."-,*. 
ff. Puterbaugh, Et/thart, Ind. 

The book contains in all a86 pages, printed in long 
primer type (same as largo type ol Messenger), and 
Is well bound In cloth. 

The book will be helplul to every Bible student, every 
minister. Sent postpaid to any address lor only 75 cents 

12 and 34 S. State St. Elgin, III. 

The Bible Outline. 

By E. S. YOUNG. 

It contains twenty-two chapters, ninety-eight pages and 
a number of illustrations. The Bible is divided into 
twelve periods. All the Scripture, important events and 
chief characters are given in their order in these periods. 
The book meets the growing interest ol Bible studv. It 
Is used as a le.M-bo.k m tl,e home, Ilible meetings, Bible 
Institutes, and the Hi ble School. 

Cardboard cover, single copy. 30 cents, prepaid; one 
dozen copies, ascents each, prepaid; one hundred copies, 
ao cents each. 

CJoth binding, single copy, 40 cents, prepaid; one dozen 
copies, 35 cents each, prepaid. 
Second edition. 

aa & 34 S. State St. Elgin, III. 

Reduced in Size and Price, 


...Increased in Value. 

The Revised Edition ol the Minutes of the Annual 

Meeting. Only that part ol real working value contained 

In the book. ao6 pages. Price, postpaid 7S cents. 



aa and 34 S. State St. Elgin, III. 



Jan. 20, 1900. 

Financial Reports. 

Mission Receipts from Jan. 6 to 13- 

(/Money donated to this fund will bo used at home 01 

ab.oad m necessity demands it This fund n on the 
true tiasis -l,, In- nycd where needed, and it is huP'-d thai 
It will be well supported. Interest on endowments, nol 
otherwise designated, will be acknowledged under this 

Previously reported, - *io,7ao 5* 

III.— Oakley cong.. (0.45; Galen and Annn 
Royer. J12; M. Lingenieltcr, Canton. *5: Mt. 
Morris S. S.. SS3-"; Pleasant Hill cong,. U; 
Woodland S S-, 60 cents; Mrs. C. W. Lahman, 

Frankllu Grove,; lota! 8 3 37 

Mu.-H. J. Hutchinson, Cordova, faa; mar- 
riage notice. D, Ausherman, So cents; Browns- 
ville cong., S3; W.S. Keichaid.Hagerstown,i3; 
Westminster S. S..J6; John E. Onagcy. Acci- 
dent. t, s: total 59 50 

Io\VA — S. Horner. Kingslcy. $1.20; Conrad 
MeSStr, Grundy Center. Grundy County 
cong., ?2,JS; W. E. Goughnour and wile. Max- 
well. *$; W. A. Blongh, Waterloo. S3; H. C. Shel- 
ler. Wester, ?io; Mrs. If. E. Walton, Sibley, do; 
English River cong . *7.8o; H. It. Taylor. Des 
Moines, (y, marriage notice, D. W. Miller. 50 

cents, Harlan 5, S., t$; total So 95 

I ND ._ Newton Wolf, Somerset. ¥1.50: J- L. Pu- 
terbaugh. Elkhart, *3; Barbara Clingcnpeel, 
Flora. $1.20; Jacob Warner, North Liberty, $10; 
Christ. Hildebrand. South Bend, $2; T. S, Moh- 
erman, North Manchester. (1.80; Henry and Ma- 
ry Shock, Huntington, (6; Anetta Johnson, Nap- 
panee, (2.50: J. B. Miller, New Paris. (1.25: total, 29 2$ 

Va.— S, S. Huffman, Jennings Gap;*i.2o; Bar- 
renridge cong., $15,40; J. E. Cuckenburg, Bar- 
renridge,; D. S. Thomas. Bridgewater, 
$1.50; Mrs. Susan Wine. Crimora Station, $1,20; 

a slater, Crimora Station, *6.oS; total 2055 

Ohio. -Emanuel Shank, Dayton, tl.5°i Levi 
Helser and wife, Zlontown, ?io; W. C. Teeter, 
Dayton, Jl.soj L. E. KauHman, Gretna, $1.20; 
Mary A. Replogle, Akron, So cents; total,. . . 1440 

Cal.— A sister. Los Angeles S 00 

PA.— Elizabeth M. Uibbel, Lititz. S1.20; Hen- 
ry R. Gibbel, Lititi, »; Edwin S. Ernst, 
Obold. so cents; Lizzie Myers, Bareville, $1.20; 

total 4 10 

Neck.— David Glock, Millerton, S2.S0; South 

Beatrices. S.. 61 cents; total 3" 

Tenn.— G. W. and M. E. Teeter. Bells, ... 2 00 

Tr\ vs.— Saginaw cong 1 30 

OKLA.— W. P. Bosserman, Karoma 1 20 

Kans.— Marriage.notice, Chas. Shoemaker, 50 
cents; marriage notice, It. A. Yoder, So cents; 

total 1 00 

ARK.— James Kairus, Jenson So 

Ariz— Marriage notice, C. E. Gillett So 

Total (ii.ora.aS 

Less E. J. Coder. Dawson, Pa., transferred 
" to India Famine, $1. 

Total for year, beginning April 1, 180a, . . Jii.oii 25 

Previously reported 5*33 26 

Iowa.— Mary Stover. Cuslung So 

Total lor year beginning April, 1809, ..... $133 76 

[A house in Washington is greatly needed In order that 
the church there may du more effectual work and have 
the advantage of a permanent house. More (unds to fin- 
ish the house are needed.] 

Previously reported, $1,892 69 

PA.— Mary P. Levrick, Hilllown, $3.50; Christi- 
na Green. Fountaindale, $2; Jno. R. Flohr, Foun- 
taindale, Si. So. M. Amanda Flohr, Fountaindale, 

Si. So; total 8 So 

Iowa.— Sisters' Mission Circle S 00 

Va.— Rebecca Hcmsberger, Stuarts Dralt, . . 1 00 

"Letters to the Young," sold in D. C, . . . . 8 25 

Total lor year beginning April, 1899,. . . .$2,91544 

Previously reported $564 10 

Va.— Botetourt Missionary Circle 20 25 

III.— Woodland S. S., primary class, 73 

Iowa.— Mary S. Stover. Cushing, So 

Kans.— Claytie Werrick, Wichita 50 

Total for year beginning April, 1899, $58608 


[Two years ago famine devastated India. Thousands 
upon thousands starved to death. This winter a greater 
famine is upon the unfortunates ol that benighted land. 
Two years ago Brethren and triends responded liberally 
to help relieve this great want. A greater want is there 
to-day. Shall not the good people of plentiful America 
give greater assistance than before? Every cent sent 
in will be forwarded direct to the missionaries of the 
Brethren church in India.] 
Previously reported, $13,13038 

Ohio.— Sisters' Aid Society, Pleasant Home, 
$9; a slsier, Ainger. $2; Newton cong., $50; La- 
fayette S. S-. $22.50; Catherine Rutledge, Prim- 
rose. 35 cents; Lydia Bender. Primrose, 25 cents; 
Lena Bender, Primrose, 10 cents; a brother and 
sister, Dayton, $9.67; Clara A. Souder's S. S. 
class. OraD, $21.48; Sarah A. Scott, New Vienna, 
$i;a sister, Johnsville, $1; total. 1x7 35 

Pa.— Sarah E. Mover, E;tst Coventry, $1; Ra- 
ven Run cong.. "ivton *Q-$>: Meyersdalc S. S., 
lie :-; ) (, . Miller. Lcwisburg. $2 05; three boys, 
Williamsburg, Si.?S; Ricbfield S.S., $3.70: Lost ■ 
Creek eong.. $10; a brother and sister, Middle- 
ton, ■•2: S Rouzer, New Paris,; I. V, Rouz- 
er, New Paris. 25 cents; Maggie Haines. New 
Paris, So cents, Ml. Vernoo S.*., J15; J.S. Har- 
ley. East Salem. St 20; E. S. Coder. Dawson, 
Si; total 64 27 

Iowa.— Sarah, Emma and Willie Eoutx, New 
Sharon, 6> cents; Mary Stover, Cushing, li; A, 
G. Messer, Giucdy Center. Si; Mrs. Hugh E. 
Walton, Sibley, %$; WjpUred Hobson, Sibley. 10 
cents; Maple Valley cong.. $15.38; D. W. Diehl. 
Panora, $1; total 24 13 

Md.— Brownsville cong.. $3.50: Lydia Gclt- 
macher, Rostetler. S> ; Northwest Baltimore Mis- 
sion, $S-6Si Long Meadow S. S., $5; total iS '5 

III— Cherry Grove, S16; Oakley S. S., $S-7o; 

J.F. Shultz, Chenoa,$i; total, "70 

Ind.— Howard S. S-. Jo; S.J. Thompson, Ko- 
)mo, 10 cents; Uriah and Mallnda Swihart, 
Tippecanoe, $2; Lydia Heck. Tippecanoe. 75 
ts; Lydia Hamon, Burlington, $1; Salome 
Anderson, Ladoga. 30 cents; Bessie Goff, Lado- 
ga, 50 cents; Salome J. PefHcy. Ladoga, $1; to- 

1 14 65 

NEBR.-Mrs. J. H. Slingluff, Sidney, $9-5°: D. 
Vasey and wife, Liberty, $2; Alma Hahn, Moo- 

,aw, so cents; total '* 00 

Kans.-E, Glathart. McPherson. $4; Claytie 
id Mrs. Werrick, Wichita, $1; friends at Lin- 

colnville, $6,86; total, n 86 

Mo. -Carthage S. S.,$3.S5:G.M.Shira, Spick- 

rd, 50 cents; total 4 °b 

Va— A sister, Crimora, $3; Aivin, Raymond 
and Edith Grove. Waynesboro, 30 cents; total, 3 30 

iLA— Anna Fiant, Independence, 25 cents; 
Jos. Masterson, Tonkawa, 50 cents; S., M. E. 
and Howard Anglemyer, Ponca City, 80 cents; 

total , 1 S5 

Ark.— Pilot Knob cong., 1 S3 

W. Va.— Beaver Run cong 1 So 

Tenn.— Ashland cong., 1 00 

S. Dak,— Mary L. Nininger, Buffalo Gap, . 1 00 
Mich.— A. B. Wallick and wile. Blooming- 
dale 'o 

Cal— S. W. Funk, Los Angeles 10 

Total $13,426 6z 


Previously reported $39° 00 

ILL— Mt. Morris S. S., $2; Pipe Creek cong., $13; 

Mary V.Gibson, Virden, Si; total 1600 

Ohio.— A brother and sister, Dayton 966 

MiNN.-Root River S.S 7 85 

Nebr — D. Vasey and wile, Liberty, $1.25; Min- 

eHorsh, Eagle, $2.80; total 4 05 

IowA.— Guy S, S., $1.94; L.S. Snyder, Missouri 

Valley. 50 cents; total 2 44 

Va— Rebecca Hemsberger, Stuarts Draft, ... 50 

Total $43i-io 

Less J. S, Harley, Pa., transferred to India 

Famine, $5.20, 

Total lor year beginning April, i8gg $425 9° 


In report in GospeL Messenger No. 50, Owen Barn- 
hart, Willis, Va., should be Hylton cong.. Va. 

Gen. Missionary and Tract Com. 

Report of Chicago Mission. 


Balance, $ 12 69 

S. S. class, Juniata, Nebr., per J. D. McFerren, . 60 

Ellen Marker,"Chicago. Ill 50 

A. C. Wingerd and wife, Shannon, 111., 2 00 

a KaufEman, Lanark, III 35 

Lebanon Mission S. S.. per Mary Zug, Lebanon, 

Pa., 4 00 

Flora Nickey'sS. S. class, Juniata, Nebr.,. ... 100 
Okaw S. S., per Amanda Buckingham, Laplace, 

111 86 

Missionary meeting. Lakeside, Ind., per Win. E. 

White 1 05 

Sisters' Aid Society, Kingslcy, Iowa, per Miss Su- 
sie Lehman. Pierson, Iowa 2 00 

1. Fred Pfeiffer, Chicago, 111 50 

Primary S. S., North Manchester, Ind., per Emma 

Bowman 2 56 

oupin Creek S. S., per L. B. Watson, Girard, 

[11., 3 85 

Ellen Marker, Chicago, 111 1 00 

A brother, Rockingham, Mo 1 00 

Lizzie Rawlins, North Hinsdale. III., (special 

Christmas giff for Industrial School) 1000 

Sisters' Aid Society, Kingsley, Iowa, 50 

Ivester S. S., Iowa, per A. G. Messer, Grundy Cen- 
ter, Iowa, 6 2$ 

Children and friends of Industrial School (Christ- 
inas offering lor the needy) 280 

S. S. of South Beatrice, Nebr.. per J. C. Groff, . . 1 30 

Mt. Morris S. S.. III., per Nelson Shirk 25 

S.S.ciassof Anna Henkeil, Lanark, III 6 88 

S.S. at Monticello, Ind., per Albert Hibner, ... 355 

AlinaCrouse, Waterloo, Iowa 1 25 

Ellen Marker, Chicago, III So 

General Missionary and Tract Committee, Elgin, 

111 % ... . 25 00 

Industrial School. Chicago, 111 10 29 

Unknown 22 

Total $102 75 


Living and car fare $ 2S 40 

Rent 10 00 

Christmas presents (handkerchiefs to children of 

Industrial School) 7 34 

Incidentals, including light and fuel 1 

Balance on hand. $ 49 89 

Susie Forne 
660 5. Ashland Ave., Chicago, III. 

There Are 



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22 and 24 S, State St, Elgin, III, 

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Well bound in cloth, 208 pages, good clear print. Price, 
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Th^ Gospel Messenger. 



Vol. 38. 

Elgin, III., Jan. 27, 1900. 

No. 4. 



Item «■ 5* 

Some Home Mission Work So 

Wesley on Trine Immersion 57 

On the Side of Truth 56 

When Should Ministers be Retired? 58 

The International Sunday School Work 58 

Querists" Department 58 

Pastoral Visits 58 

No Church in Mississippi 58 


A Prayer. By Agnes L. Carter So 

Serving. By Mrs. Elizabeth Barret Browning 55 


Angels and Angel Ministry.-Hcb. 1:14. By J. W. Wayland. 5° 

Sisters' Aid Societies. By Flora E. Teaguc 5* 

Which Side are You On? By Mary F. May Si 

More Doctrinal Essays. By Nancy D. UnderhUl 5* 

Sisters' Aid Society Work. By Addie W. Larkins 52 

Keeping the Sabbath. By Eva C. Jetlison S* 

Immortality of the Soul. By j. F. Neher 53 

Laying Up Treasure. By Wilbur Stover, S3 


Preciousness of Christ. By W. R. Harshbarger 54 

The Minister and His Work 54 


Lesson Light-Flashes, " S4 


Over the Line. Selected by J. W. Rarlck, 55 

Forbidden Thoughts. By Jennie C. Baker 5S 


A Doubtful Business Method in Missionary Enterprise 59 

From Anklesvar, India. By S, N. McCann 59 

Fireside Musings. By J. E. Blough 59 

(Solitude. By Ira P. Eby 59 

-'/'Items • 59 

/' Financial Reports °4 


The New Life and the New Way, 59 


Redemption to China seems to have come from an 
unexpected source. While the powers of the East 
were considering the advisability of dividing up the 
Empire, and each one securing as large a slice as 
possible, the United States perfected an arrange- 
ment that opens up the Celestial Empire to the 
commerce of the whole world, places the China- 
man in touch with the business operations of the 
most advanced nations, and thus gives him an op- 
portunity to develop. The ports of China are now 
open to the ships of the different nations, and unless 
the unexpected should occur, we may look for this, 
the oldest empire in the world, to come forward, 
and soon occupy an honorable place alongside of 
the civilized nations. This may possibly open up 
China more fully to the Christian missionaries. 
These things together may be the salvation of the 
Empire, and the United States is receiving credit for 
the most remarkable and far reaching piece of 
diplomacy of modern times. It is all right for a 
stronger nation to help a weaker one in this manner, 
and if our country can in some way break up the 
grasping disposition among the leading powers, for 
more territory, she will have accomplished a good 
thing. Nations can become grasping and covetous 
just as well as individuals, and it is to be condemned 
in the latter no less than in the former. Covetous- 
ness is a sin, whether upon the part of an individual 
or a nation. 

The writer of this note happened to be in Pales- 
tine, last year, when the Emperor of Germany was 
visiting some of the sacred places. Everybody was 
talking about the Emperor. Even the Bedouins of 
the desert knew of his coming, and fully one thou- 
sand of them came to Damascus to see him. Many 
were the speculations concerning the real purpose of 
his visit. Some thought he meant to purchase 
Palestine while others thought he had some other 

scheme in view. But since Germany has been 
granted permission to construct and operate a rail- 
road through the very heart of Turkey his purpose 
in visiting the east can be better understood. This 
simply means a streak of light running through the 
benighted Empire. Possibly it may mean the saving 
of Turkey from the Russian Bear, for the Empire of 
the north has been laying plans for years to capture 
the Bible Lands. Eventually we look for a strong 
European influence in Palestine. England is said to 
be very much pleased over the scheme, while France 
has not one word to say against it. But Russia does 
not like it. She has on her hands the great Siberian 
road that will require all the capital she can 
probably command for the present. Just what she 
will do cannot be divined, for she is sorely disap- 
pointed. It was reported that she would rush a 
road down through Persia, so as to reach some point 
on the Persian Gulf, and in this way gain a point on 
Germany, as well as on England, for the latter 
means to have something to say about Russia having 
a port on the gulf. Most of this squabble is about 
the Bible lands, and may mean a good deal more 
than we think, We can only report what chances to 
come to the surface, leaving the results for the 
future to develop. 

Dr. T. De Witt Talmage thinks it his duty to 
expose the folly of the old adage, 

" Earl) to bed and early to rise 
Makes a man healthy, wealthy and wise." 

He thinks the adage illogical and has given rise 
to no little suffering. The editor of the Chicago 
Tribune commends him for his sensible view, and 
maintains that people should go to bed when they 
get sleepy, and not before, and then rise when they 
can sleep no longer. This may do for those whose 
occupation requires them to spend only a few hours 
of each day at labor, or those who need not work 
for a living, but it is very poor advice for those who 
live in the rural districts or work in shops and other 
places where a full day's work is required. The in- 
dustrial part of this world would soon get out of 
harmony if all the laboring people would lie abed 
until they could sleep no longer. The fact of the 
matter is, too many of those who speak and write on 
subjects of this character do not understand the 
needs of the masses. The old adage is all right. It 
was made for the laboring people, and suits their 
needs splendidly. One wants to go to bed early 
enough so as to secure plenty of rest, and then he 
can rise in time to enter upon his labor at a season- 
able hour. The night was made for sleep and the 
day for labor. 

A part of the Niagara Falls has been harnessed, 
and is producing a power that may yet be the mar- 
vel of the age. Immense electric plants have been 
established and electricity is being made in quanti- 
ties and strength never before known. In one of the 
plants a heat has been reached so intense as to en- 
able the skillful operator to produce a substance 
almost equal to the diamond. It is thought that 
diamonds may yet be manufactured in large quanti- 
ties. There seems to be a possibility of reaching 
the absolute limit of heat. The degree already at- 
tained will burn iron almost like beeswax and the 
best known fire-brick is consumed like so much 
resin, leaving nothing behind. A furnace has been 
built, where a heat equal to 700 horse power is pro- 
duced in a cavity not as large as a pint cup. The 
power already produced seems almost beyond the 
comprehension of man, and such a thing was not 
even dreamed of a few years ago. This heat, how- 
ever, is probably no greater than that in the interi- 

or of the earth at the present time. It is not as 
great as was the heat that seems to have existed 
when the iron ore, diamonds and all other minerals 
were formed. It is not as great as will be the heat 
that is to destroy the world and is to melt the ele- 
ments and consume all that may then exist. He 
who looks upon an electric furnace consuming iron 
and fire-brick like so much wood, may imagine that 
he is beholding a miniature conflagration resemb- 
ling the final destruction of the world. 

If our readers will turn to a good modern map of 
Turkey we will help them to trace the railroad that 
is to be constructed through the Euphrates Valley. 
From Constantinople measure 275 miles to the 
southeast and here Konieh will be found. There is 
already a line to this point, and it is from here that 
the new road is to start. Really it is an extension 
of that part already built. From Konieh, with a 
pencil, trace a line east, and a little south, skirting 
the northeastern portion of the Mediterranean Sea, 
until Aleppo is reached; thence east to Mosul on the 
Tigris River, then south to Bagdad, and still further 
south to Bassorah, near the Persian Gulf. At Mosul 
are the ruins of Nineveh and not very far from Bag- 
dad the ruins of Babylon may be found. There 
seems to be no question but that the line will be 
built, as the Sultan of Turkey has already given a 
concession to Germany to that effect. It is thought 
that both English and trench capital may be in-'~ 
vested along with that furnished by the German 
bank syndicate. The road will open up some of the 
finest country in the world, both in Asia Minor and 
in the Euphrates and Tigris valleys. It is said that 
these valleys might well be made the granary of 
the world. The soil is rich and deep, while the cli- 
mate is exceedingly mild. Here was also the cradle 
of the human race. Not far from this part of Asia 
Noah probably built the ark, and here existed the 
first great empires of earth. There was a time when 
the most famous cities on the face of the globe 
stood on the banks of the two rivers named above. 
Now everything is in a state of ruin. The present 
inhabitants have no enterprise, and are not more 
than about half civilized. The railroad, which is to 
be completed inside of eight years, will bring the 
whole of middle Turkey in touch with the active 
and busy world, and in time we may look for a de- 
cided reformation. Should the English decide to 
continue the line from the Persian Gulf to India, not 
a few of our people will feel inclined to visit some 
of our mission points in India. To cross the Atlan- 
tic will be a matter of only a few days. The rest of 
the trip, with a little exception, can then be made 
by rail. The traveler will pass within a few miles of 
Tarsus, the birth-place of Paul, pass close to Antioch, 
where the saints were first called Christians, and 
through the region where the garden of Eden is 
presumed to have been located. He can stop at 
Nineveh, and view the ruins of the city where Jonah 
did some most effectual preaching. He can spend 
a few days looking over the forsaken land where 
once stood the great city of Babylon, and the home of 
Daniel. A little further to the south he will pass 
through Ur of Chaldea, the home of Abraham and 
his ancestors. To the Bible student this route will 
open up a country that is rich in both sacred and 
ancient lore. The spade is uncovering the sites of 
ancient cities, and from the unearthed tablets we are 
able to gather a vast amount of inforrfiation regard- 
ing the early history of the world. All of this will 
be exceedingly interesting to those, desiring to visit 
that part of the world where the Lord made man 
and gave the human race its start. 


Jan. 27, 1900. 

■ i 1 » ESSAYS •■ ■ ■ ! - 

"Study to show tliysell approved unto God. a workman '.hat oeedeth not be 
ashamed, rightly dividing the Word ol Truth." 


We pray, " Have mercy on our weakness." Rather, 

O Gracious God, have mercy on our strength 
That will not yield unto the living Father, 

Although we know Thy will must win at length. 
Oh, who is bold enough to meet unaided 

The foes we cannot conquer all alone? 
Or dare unless by God's sure presence shaded, 

To face a might so far beyond his own? 

Thy pity waits upon our weakness ever; 

Our doubting meets Thy patient love at length; 
Thy merciful compassion fafleth never; 

But, Oh kind Lord, have mercy on our strength. 

Show us our helplessness; the dreary yearning, 

The restless fear we proudly try to hide; 
Until at last our spirits to Thee turning, 

Shall in Thy perfect good be satisfied. 

—Agnes L. Carter. 



Angels, as far as we know, are generally regard- 
ed as a reality,— that is nearly everybody believes 
that there are angels and that they perform impor- 
tant offices, yet few people, comparatively, think 
much about them or give much attention to the 
study of their functions and characteristics. 

Angels are referred to in the Bible upwards of 
two hundred times, about one-fourth only of these 
instances being found in the Old Testament. Of 
the instances found in the New Testament — up- 
wards of one hundred and forty — about fifty are in 
the book of Revelation alone. The word "angel," 
in both the Greek and Hebrew languages, signifies a 
messenger. We therefore regard the angels as God's 
messengers, although the term is employed with va- 
rious significations throughout the Bible. The ex- 
pressions, " angel of God " and " angel of Jehovah," 
are certainly used for a manifestation of God him- 
self (Gen. 22: n, 12; Ex. 3: 2-6). Along with such 
expressions we also read of God being manifested 
in the form of man, as to Abraham at Mamre, to Ja- 
cob at Peniel, and to Joshua at Gilgal. It may be that 
both sets of passages refer to manifestations of the 
same Divine Presence, — perhaps of him who from 
the beginning was the "Word," the Manifester or 
Revealer of God, and the Angel of the Covenant, 
Christ. Prophets and priests (Isa. 42: 19; Hag. 1: 
13; Mai. 2: 7) and perhaps elders of the Christian 
churches (Rev. 1: 20; 2: 1) are also called angels; 
but we must recognize angels in general as a dis- 
tinct class of spiritual beings, the highest, perhaps, 
of created intelligences. Some one has set forth 
the doctrine of angels as follows: "That there lives 
in the presence of God a vast assembly, myriads up- 
on myriads of spiritual beings, higher than we, but 
infinitely removed from God, mighty in strength, 
doers of his word, who ceaselessly bless and praise 
God; wise also, to whom he gives charge to guard 
his own in all their ways; ascending and descending 
to and from heaven and earth, and who variously 
minister to men, most often invisibly. All these 
beings are interested in us and in our well-being." 

As to the nature of angels, further: They are in- 
termediate between God and man. The Psalmist 
says, "Thou hast made him [man] a little lower 
than the angels"; and of Christ Paul says, "Being 
made so much better than the angels, as he hath by 
inheritance obtained a more excellent name than 
they." We would naturally expect a gradation of 
created intelligences between man and God, since 
we find a similar gradation in all of the Creator's 
works in the animal and vegetable kingdoms. They 
are termed spirits, and are such most essentially, 
yet, as we have already intimated, they can upon 
occasion assume bodily shape. They are sublime in 
position, since they attend God's person and pres- 
ence, and have thus already inherited to a great de- 
gree that state of blessedness which is the highest 
hope of the saints on earth. They are holy in char- 
acter, with no human imperfection, no stain of sin, 

"ever beholding the holiness of the Most Holy." 
They are glorious in nature and appearance, and 
terrible in power. " His countenance was like light- 
ning, and his raiment white as snow: and for fear of 
him the keepers did shake, and became as dead 
men" (Matt. 28: 3, 4); "And I saw another mighty 
angel come down from heaven, clothed with a cloud: 
and a rainbow was upon his head, and his face was 
as it were the sun, and his feet as pillars of fire" 
(Rev. 10: 1). Let us think also of their exalted 
work; for their office is to worship God and admin- 
ister his will to men. In this it is possible for men 
to resemble angels; and as we carry out such mis- 
sions we not only imbibe the nature of angels to a 
corresponding degree, but we really begin to look 
like angels. Stephen was so full of the divine na- 
ture, and so clothed with good works, that his face 
was as the face of an angel; and the religion of Je- 
sus Christ to-day, if it be in the heart, will shine out 
even in the human countenance. 

We know something of the number of angels from 
different expressions in the Scriptures. Jacob 
speaks of the angels of God that met him as " God's 
host " (Gen. 32: 2); Job says, "Is there any num- 
ber of his armies? and upon whom doth not his 
light arise " (Job 2$: 3)? David in the sixty-eighth 
Psalm declares, "The chariots of God are twenty 
thousand, even thousands of angels;" Jesus said, in 
reproof of his impetuous follower, when the traitor's 
band came to arrest him, " ThinkestthouthatI cannot 
now pray to my Father, and he shall presently give me 
more than twelve legions of angels " (Matt. 26: 53)? 
We notice in the last expression not only that the 
angels are great in numbers, but, what is more en- 
couraging to a Christian, that they may be sent in 
answer to prayer. The most sublime conception, 
however, of the number of angels is afforded us by 
the vision of Daniel (7: 10), and the words of the 
Revelator when with the veil of mortality rent 
asunder, he gazed upon the unutterable glories 
of the Eternal Presence; "And I beheld, and I 
heard the voice of many angels round about the 
throne, and the beasts, and the elders; and the 
number of them was ten thousand times ten thou- 
sand, and thousands of thousands" (Rev. 5: 11). 

The different terms used in speaking of the mes- 
sengers of God lead us to conclude that they are 
related by different degrees. "Angel," "archan- 
gel," "cherubim," and " seraphim " are terms evi- 
dently used with reference to the several classes or 
degrees that may be included under the general 
term "angel." Cherubim are mentioned rather 
frequently throughout the Bible. Ezekiel, from a 
vision speaks of their mysterious and glorious ap- 
pearance (Ezek. 10); we are told in Genesis that 
when man by sin had fallen, God drove him out 
from the Garden of Eden and placed at the east 
cherubim and a flaming sword " which turned every 
way, to keep the way of the tree of life; " also God 
commanded Moses to place upon the ark of the 
covenant, in which were kept the tables of the law 
and other sacred things, images of two cherubim of 
beaten gold (Ex. 25: 18); and within the most 
holy house of Solomon's temple were also the 
images of the two cherubim, of pure gold and of 
heroic size (2 Chron. 3: 10-13). The cherubim, 
therefore, seem to be witnesses of the Divine Pres- 
ence; and it was only after the ark of the covenant, 
with the cherubic images upon it, had been placed 
in the most holy place, under the over-arching 
wings of the colossal cherubim, that the glory of 
God's presence filled the house (2 Chron. 5: 7-14). 
Seraphim are spoken of at but one place in the 
Bible, in the sixth chapter of Isaiah, They are 
represented as six-winged beings, whereas the cher- 
ubim have only four wings each. "Seraphim" 
seems to signify princes; and such they seem to be, 
since they also wait upon God's immediate pres- 
ence, and "are apparently the most exalted of the 
angelic host." 

Of the archangels, — " chief " or " ruling " angels, 
— two, Gabriel and Michael, are mentioned in the 
accepted canon of Scripture. In the books of Tobit 
and Esdras, Raphael and Uriel — " Fire of God" are 
spoken of. These four, Gabriel, Michael, -Raphael 
and Uriel, were, according to one form of Jewish 

tradition, the four " holy ones " which stood round 
the throne of God. Gabriel appeared to Daniel to 
unfold a vision (Dan. 9: 21), to Zacharias to tell 
him respecting the birth of John (Luke 1: 19), and 
to Mary to announce the birth of Christ (Luke 1: 
26, 27). Michael, mentioned in Dan. 12: 1, Jude 9, 
Rev. 12: 7-9, and elsewhere, is represented as the 
champion of God's people, and the mortal foe of - 
Satan. He is the great warrior, as Gabriel is the 
great messenger. 

This subject would seem to us as one wholly 
pleasant to contemplate were it not for the fact 
that there are evil, as well as good angels; but such 
is evidently the case, since Christ himself speaks of 
the " everlasting fire, prepared for the devil and 
his angels" (Matt. 25:41). Of the origin of evil 
angels we perhaps know but little more than we do 
of the origin of angels in general. Milton's theory, 
as set forth in "Paradise Lost, " is that Satan was 
once an angel in heaven; but, jealously aspiring to 
the throne of the Eternal and -to equality with him, 
he, together with all whom he had induced to es- 
pouse his traitorous cause, was cast down through 
the interminable depths of chaos into hell: 

" There to dwelt 
In adamantine chains and penal fire, 
Who durst defy the Omnipotent to arms." 

This theory appears to agree in the main with 
certain passages of Scripture: " For (if) God spared 
not the angels that sinned, but cast them down to 
hell, and delivered them into chains of darkness, to 
be reserved unto judgment" (2 Pet. 2: 4); "And 
the angels which kept not their first estate, but left 
their own habitation, he hath reserved in everlasting 
chains under darkness unto the judgment of the 
great day " (Jude 6). Isaiah says, "How art thou 
fallen from heaven, O Lucifer, sun of the morning! 
. . . For thou hast said in thine heart, I will 
ascend into heaven, I will exalt my throne above 
the stars of God:' ... I will b . like the p^ost 
High" (Is. 14: 12-14). And in Revelation we f r lad 
of a great battle in heaven, whether fought or to 
be fought we know not, in which " Michael and his 
angels fought against the dragon; and the dragon 
fought and his angels, and prevailed not; neither 
was their place found any more in heaven. . . . 
He [Satan] was cast out into the earth, and his 
angels were cast out with him " (Rev. 12: 7-9). A 
terrible warning to envy and unlawful ambition! 

All of the most important events of sacred his- 
tory have been attended by angel ministration. At 
the creation "the morning stars sang together: and 
all the sons of God shouted for joy "(Job 38: 7); 
when the Lord led his people out from Egyptian 
bondage, his angel " went before them" and stood 
behind them; the birth of Christ was announced by 
" the angel of the Lord " together with a " multitude 
of tn"e heavenly host;" at the resurrection it was the 
angel of God, with a countenance " like lightning " 
and a raiment "white as snow," who broke the 
Roman seal, rolled back the stone from the sepul- 
chre, and struck terror of death into the hearts of 
the mail-clad guard, on the Mount of Olives. When 
the dumbfounded and bereft disciples stood gazing 
toward heaven, all awe-struck and speechless with 
the glory of the ascension, two men stood by them 
" in white apparel," and gave promise of a return 
that we are waiting for to-day. Moreover, when he 
shall come it will be " in the glory of his Father with 
the holy angels; " and they are the reapers that 
shall go forth to separate the tares from the wheat 
in the harvest of the world (Matt. 13: 37-41). 

" Are they not all ministering spirits, sent forth 
to minister for them who shall be heirs of salva- 
tion? " Aye, verily. Witness the testimony of 
Lot (Gen. 19), of Elijah (1 Kings 19: 4-8), of Elisha 
at Dothan (2 Kings 6: 17), of Daniel in the 
lion's den (Dan. 6: 22); of the apostles in prison 
(Acts 5: 19, 20 J, of Paul, at Corinth, in the Jerusalem 
prison, and on the storm-beat ship; of Christ in the 
wilderness and in Gejhsemane. Evil may threaten 
the Christian soul, but remember that "they that be 
with us are more than they that be with them; " for 
" the angel of the Lord encampeth round about 
them that fear him and delivereth them " (Ps. 34: 7). 

Jan. 27, 1900. 



" I have read in the marvelous heart of man, 
That strange and mystic scroll, 
That an army of phantoms, vast and wan. 
Beleaguer the human soul. 

"But when the solemn and deep church-bell 
Entreats the soul to pray, 
The midnight phantoms feel the spell. 
The shadows creep away. 

" Down the broad vale of tears afar 

The spectral camp is fled; 

Faith shineth as a morning star; 

Our ghastly fears are dead." — Longfellow. 

" O weary ones, ye may not see 

Your helpers in their downward flight, 
Nor hear the sound of silver wings 
Slow beating through the hush of night! 

" There are who like the Seer of old 
Can see the helpers God has sent, 
And how Life's rugged mountain side 

Is white with many an angel tent." — Whiltier. 

Bridgewater, Va. 



Some few weeks ago an article on this subject 
appeared in the Gospel Messenger. The author 
seemed to be seeking for light. Some things in con- 
nection with the same seemed to puzzle her. There 
may be others who have the same trouble. The sis- 
ter in her article feared that the sewing societies 
were only copying from the popular schemes of the 
present day for raising money, etc. While we, as 
a church, may deem it Scriptural to have those aid 
societies, as other churches also do, because of the 
good we may be enabled to do thereby, and for the 
purpose of giving religious exercise to our members, 
I am sure the church and the sisters will guard 
against the evils that have crept into the societies 
of other denominations. It would be as foolish for 
us to denounce so worthy a department of the church, 
because of evils that w-p fear may attend it, as to de- 
,n_-ounce the Sunday school, another department of 
J^e churi"- because of the picnics any" Christmas 
trctes cor/^cted with them in other denominations. 
In a sense we may have followed the popular 
churches in adopting Sunday schools, even though 
our Brethren did hold them prior to other churches, 
and then permitted them to die out. Then, after a 
lapse of many years, when other churches were hold- 
ing them, we believed them to be a good thing and 
the right thing to do, and as a result we have 
them, but without the popular evils attending them 
in other churches. 

To-day we can have the sewing societies on the 
same ground, for the germ for them has been in 
existence since the days of Dorcas, whose life's 
work was so approved that God's power restored her 
to life again and thus to her good work. 

The young people's meeting and the prayer meet- 
ing have also been copied from patterns set us by 
other churches. Shall we set them aside on account 
of that? Dare we make no progression in goodness 
for fear evils may grow or creep in? 

It is thought that while it may be right to have aid 
societies to make garments for the poor, it is not 
right to have them to make money. Is not our 
missionary cause and the building of churches as 
worthy a cause as clothing the poor? I feel so. To 
clothe sinful souls with new and pure and righteous 
garments is certainly right. 

Many of our Sunday schools to-day are holding col- 
lections for missionary work. Many of the children 
are given dimes to see how much they can make 
them grow into for the good cause. Shall we say 
they are doing wrong? It seems to me that the cases 
are very similar. We meet, we read God's Word, we 
invoke his blessing, we sacrifice an hour or two of 
°ur time for him, we read good books while sewing, 
w e converse on topics of intelligence and spiritual 
w °rk, we make articles which we sometimes sell as 
We do any product made in our homes. If no sale 
is found, we seek a place to give quilts, comforts, 
a nd stockings, and clothing to poor and needy ones. 
We quilt quilts for many who desire us to do so. 

e learn to know and love each other better for our 


association, we cultivate a sacrificing and giving 
spirit, we cultivate watchfulness in regard to evils 
creeping in, we meditate upon and talk and read 
about God and his goodness, and who shall say we 
are not doing good? We are ever subject to the 
church, the same as the Sunday school. We are al- 
ways ready for inspection and many times have we 
been visited and strengthened by the brethren drop- 
ping in and giving us words of encouragement. 

May God bless the sisters in their devotion to 
him and their self-sacrificing efforts in his cause, and 
may others be led, too, to do more for him, and God 
will guide, bless, and direct us all. 

Mt. Morris, III. 



Not very long ago, while driving along the high- 
way, I overtook a boy, about fourteen years of age, 
walking. He asked me if he could ride with me, as 
I was going in the same direction he was going. I 
told him he could, and we began a conversation. 

Said he, " You are a Dunker, are you not?" I 
told him that I was. " But how do you know?" I 

" Because," said he, " you wear a bonnet like 
they do." 

This set me to thinking. Why should the Dun- 
ker or Brethren church be known any quicker than 
any other church? Should they not also be known 
among all men? Titus 2: 14 says, " Who gave him- 
self for us, that he might redeem us from all iniqui- 
ty and purify unto himself a peculiar people, zeal- 
ous of good works." Now there is surely some- 
thing for us to do, that strangers may know us from 
others. I was made to think how very closely we 
ought to follow our blessed Master's words. How 
very careful ought we to be with our clothing and 
not put on unnecessary things to lead brethren and 
sisters astray. 

Not long ago I overheard a remark like this, 
" Did you see the minister to-day? He had his hair 
combed on one side" (as though it was worse for 
the minister than the laymember). The minister 
should be an example, but if we are in order our- 
selves, then we might help the minister along this 
line. If each one of us would live just as God 
wants us and intended we should live, there will be 
no need of complaining. 

Indeed I am sorry to say that in some of our own 
churches I have seen members that you really could 
not tell were members of our church at all. — breth- 
ren with clothing in fashion and otherwise looking 
like the world, sisters with bonnets on, and that was 
all to identify them. I have seen some bonnets that 
looked very much like the head-gear of the world. 
Why is this? Do some want greater privileges 
than others in worldly apparel, or do they still hang 
on to the frivolous things of this world with one 
hand and try to cling to Christ with the other? 
Surely their eyes will be opened. Matt. 6; 24 says, 
"Ye cannot serve God and mammon." If this is 
not serving them both, it is trying to. 

Dear brethren and sisters, let us work and do our 
very best in making the church what it ought to be. 
Let us not go on in the sinful things to cause some 
one else an aching heart, or to cause our brother to 
be offended. These are things worth thinking 
about, worth looking after, worth doing. May the 
time speedily come when we can know even as we 
are known. 

Let us take for an example a church that is plain 
and with everything going on smoothly. Should 
such churches be visited by members who have been 
allowed to wear some of the fashions of this world, 
how do you think the plain church is affected? 
Not in a very edifying manner, I am sure. And 
then, perhaps, some one in the plain church will say, 
" Well, if members are allowed to wear such styles 
in adjoining churches, I have as good a right as they 
have." Think what a trouble even one might cause. 
So many of us are not doing our duty. Think of 
the dear elder, who has labored so hard to set his 

house in order and keep it so, confronted by such 

If we cannot live up to the rules that Christ and 
the church have laid down for us, up to which we 
faithfully agreed to live when we came to the church, 
made our covenant with God, it will be useless for us 
to go on in this line any farther. Either we have 
gotten into the wrong church or the church holds 
the wrong person. 

May each one of us see what we can lay off from 
ourselves that is unnecessary. May the dear Lord 
help us to see our way more clearly and do our 
duty more fully. 

Kearney, Nebr. 



That we should teach sound doctrine every true 
Christian believes. Every word of God is sound doc- 
trine. That which we call " doctrinal," and which 
pertains to the teachings of our own denomination 
in particular, is only a part of the truth or doctrine 
of the Scripture. That part, as well as all others, 
we ought to teach, and we do, Those who grow up 
among us are taught in the way daily. But should 
we lay a greater stress upon those portions of God's 
Word on which practice we are somewhat peculiar 
than upon other portions of the same great Word or 
doctrine? If we do so weshallbe considered fanati- 
cal and prejudiced. If we gain for ourselves such a 
reputation, will it be as easy for us to win souls to 
Christ as it would if men saw in us justice, equality 
and firmness? 

It is true that we love the principles of the church ; 
but should baptism be any more a principle of our 
faith than love to God? Should water baptism be- 
come more important than spiritual? Should feet- 
washing or the kiss of charity receive more attention 
from us than prayer and love to our neighbors? Is 
the ordinance of baptism more often mentioned in 
Scripture than the sin of covetousness is condemned? 
Are there not many things in the teaching of God 
more frequently mentioned than are those subjects 
which we call doctrinal? I do not mean to convey 
the idea that we should ignore the latter: but is it 
not unwise to give them undue prominence in our 
teaching? If we give to those (or any other particu- 
lar subjects) more than their just share of attention, 
we bring reproach upon the church by being called 
"literalists," and by appearing to observe the letter 
of the law (of Christ) rather than the spirit. In so 
doing we may injure the cause rather than help it. 

We have had some excellent " doctrinal " essays 
in our paper, and it is well that they be continued — 
although it seems to the writer that it would be a 
better way to scatter them out through all the year, 
having about one only of that class in each paper. 
(Now this is not written in a fault-finding spirit, but 
only in love for the cause, and as a thoughtful sug- 
gestion. ) And would it not be better for us that love 
the Lord to try to write (and preach and teach) more 
of a truly spiritual and edifying character, such as 
would touch the reader's heart (rather than the in- 
tellect) and would be the means of drawing the 
reader into closer relationship with God? One of 
our religious periodicals (I mean one which comes 
to the writer's home) contains a department called 
"The Upper Room." It is composed of short arti- 
cles of a very spiritual nature, which makes the reader 
love God and his fellow-men more than he would 
otherwise do. My little girl calls that " her good 
paper," and always looks for that department first. 
Now, she is but a child; yet ought not we all to be- 
come more like little children ? Let us try to retain 
that childish simplicity which can readily grasp the 
Savior's easy lessons, although we may sometimes 
become weary with the strong meat of theological 
essays which appeal more to the intellect than to the 

The first commandment is, ''Love God." If we 
obey it, it will be our pleasure to obey all the minor 
rules. Therefore let us try to inculcate into men's 
hearts that principle of divine love. Let us make 
that one theme our greatest aim, and give a little 




Jan. 27, 1900 

more attention to it than to those other subjects 
which we are pleased to call "doctrinal." Do not 
understand me to belittle those themes at all. They 
are beautiful in their place; but it seems to me that 
there is some danger of giving them too much 
prominence in our sermons and literature, to the ex- 
clusion of other things which the Lord wishes to 
teach his people. 

Doubtless we all do the best we can, and could not 
improve upon our manner of writing or teaching 
very much; yet there are many others growing up 
among us who will occupy the pulpit and wield the 
pen, ere many years. Some of them could write 
for the Messenger now, and could give us pure, 
noble and lovely thoughts, expressed in fewer 
words and more beautiful language than some of us 
older ones are able to do. Let them try. They 
are timid, because they have never yet written for 
the press. But they will find that editors have 
large hearts and tender ones too. Our editors can 
not publish articles which they do not receive. Let 
those whose thoughts are pure and edifying try to 
benefit others by writing of holy and beautiful 
things. There ought to be more in our Messenger 
for the child mind and the common mind — the laity 
and the outsider. Many families do not feel able to 
take more than one religious paper; hence that one 
which all the members are expected to read ought 
to be made interesting to those outside of the 
church: the indifferent companions and the chil- 
dren, the servants, and friends of the family. Yet, 
in presenting that which will be interesting and at- 
tractive to them, it should be of a highly spiritual 
character, so as to draw them closer to God — at- 
tract them to the Savior, and thus finally win them 
into the fold of God. If we can but win men's 
hearts for the Lord, it is no trouble to win their 
souls. The true lover endeavors first to win the 
heart of his beloved, then the hand is his for the 
asking. So, if we are true lovers of God and man, 
we must first win people 's hearts, then there is noth- 
ing to prevent them from gladly entering the fold 
of God as useful, happy, zealous Christians. Let us 
try more than before, to reach the heart, to win in 
love God's dear lost souls, back to the fold of safety 
and peace and love. To that end should we write, 
talk, act, and pray. That is our mission. Jesus 
sent us into the world to be "fishers of men." We 
can not catch them with uninviting theological 
bait. Bait the hook with love. 

Canon City, Colo. 



After reading the letter published in Gospel 
Messenger No. 51, page 8io, asking for information 
about sewing or aid societies, their work, object, etc., 
since I am associated with our society here, I feel 
deeply interested in learning of any spiritual loss 
from a work on the plan of ours. I appreciate the 
desire on the sister's part to be sure a work of this 
kind is right in the sight of God, before engag- 
ing in it. There are so many things of this nature 
found in many places; we must investigate and com- 
pare with our Master's life and teaching to find out 
whether they are all right. 

Our Brethren have always opposed entertainments 
and schemes to raise money for the Lord's work, 
and 1 am glad they have, but I sincerely hope their 
opposition has been for a better reason than because 
"popular churches" engage in them. Indeed, we 
could not engage in anything that is good if that 
were our only reason. Bible reading, preaching, vis- 
iting the sick, helping the distressed, mission work 
and many other things, are done by the " popular 
churches." If a thing is wrong it is so because it is 
in opposition to Christ's teaching, and should be dis- 
continued at once. 

We meet once each week from 7: 30 to 9 o'clock 
P. M., open our meeting by reading a chapter of 
Scripture, and prayer by one of our sisters, each tak- 
ing her turn. Then we spend the time in making 
garments that are salable, as well as suitable for the 
needy. The younger girls and children are taught 

to make clothing, beginning with quilt squares, and 
are put on garments as soon as they are compe- 
tent. The older ones who can already do this, 
either instruct a class of children or work on gar- 
ments. The clothing not used to clothe the poor is 
sold at a reasonable price. The money, with our 
monthly dues (paid by the older ones), donations 
from friends, etc., is put in the treasury and used 
for material to carry on this work. Should we have 
a surplus from this, it is used for the most apparent 
urgent need. We do not allow gossiping, and try 
to teach the children to reverence the house of God. 
We close our meeting by singing a hymn. Just be- 
fore closing each meeting we have the roll call, 
answered by each one repeating one verse (com- 
mitted to memory) from the New Testament. Aft- 
er our work is begun each evening, we have one of 
the class to read short essays from some good book, 
or all engage in singing hymns. 

I have explained as well as I can what we do 
when we meet. Now I will give our object for 
forming this society: 

Our first aim is to help the worthy poor with such 
necessaries as we can provide for them. 

2. To help the mission work of the church in this 
city or elsewhere, and try to inculcate the mission 
spirit in the minds of the children under our care, 
as well as in the minds of the older ones engaged in 
this work. 

3. To teach the children to make and mend their 
own clothes. 

4. To interest them so that they will prefer the 
association of the workers and benefits found to the 
dangerous companionship often found on the street 
at night. 

Now, dear sisters, we are not situated (in this great 
city of more than half a million inhabitants, with 
thousands of saloons and every imaginable evil to 
tempt the young) as many of you are in your quiet 
country homes, and Jesus' words, " Go teach," have 
their full meaning here, as well as in foreign coun- 
tries, and we are responsible for our part of carrying 
this message. Merely to preach on Sunday will not 
suffice. We must interest the people to get them to 
come to church to hear the Gospel. 

Then, too, we do not have farms to give support. 
It requires constant effort for the working people to 
earn a support. Many are unfortunate. Sickness 
and death, with oh! so many things, take the hard- 
earned dollars. Besides, many waste their sub- 
stance in debauchery, and their families are left to 
suffer for their folly, and the mother is left to sup- 
port a large family. Often every member of fam- 
ilies old enough, and even some of tender age, work 
in mills or factories all day. They do not have the 
opportunity to learn to make their own garments. 
After working from early morn until night, they de- 
sire a change to meet their friends or go out in the 
evening— and I am sure if they will devote one even- 
ing each week to this work they will not regret it as 
the years roll on. Then, is perfectly natural 
for girls to get married, and who can say they will not 
be more fitted to care for homes of their own if they 
learn to sew? I have seen mother's living on a very 
small income who could not even make a common, 
every-day dress for their children. 

Our members here are surely to be commended 
for their industry and liberality, and this mission 
has been self-supporting for a number of years. 
But owing to the necessity of changing location of 
our house of worship we are now in debt. Besides, 
the cause is suffering for the want of some good 
brother to devote all of his time to the work, as 
well as the need of a missionary. Ninety-five per 
cent of our members work every day, while both of 
our ministers work for corporations from Monday 
morning until Saturday night. I am sure that after 
giving this a little thought you can very readily see 
the necessity of each one of us doing all we possibly 
can to help, and I cannot see that there should be a 
distinction between giving our work, or making 
clothes, selling them and giving the proceeds to 
spread the Gospel, build churches, etc., and raising 
chickens, pigs, or other things requiring work, selling 
them and devoting the money to the same purpose. 
Roland Park, Md. 



" In the beginning God created the heaven and the 
earth " (Gen. 1: 1), and in five more days he created 
all things that are on the earth, in the earth, in the 
waters under the earth, and in the heavens above, 
" On the seventh day God rested from all his 
work" (Gen 2: 2). He blessed the seventh day h 
and sanctified it. 

When the Lord chose his people he gave them 
commands. We call them the ten commandments. 
The fourth in order is, " Remember the Sabbath day 
to keep it holy" (Ex. 20: 8). God's people were to 
remember the day on which he rested and on which 
they were to rest from their labors. But strict as 
the commands were, the Israelites in time became 
careless. They probably started on the downward 
road by regarding the law as not covering some 
little detail of work. This policy grew, widened out, 
until in Nehemiah's time, and this is after the cap- 
tivity for their sins, we find the Israelites treading 
winepresses on the Sabbath, and even trading with 
the merchants from Tyre. These men brought fish 
and all manner of ware and sold to the Jews (Neh, 
13: I5» 16). Maybe the Jews that bought fish wanted 
a good dinner and being too busy on Friday to pro- 
vide for their Sabbath dinner, just let it alone until 
the Sabbath was upon them. Be that as it may 
we know their winepresses were trodden, their 
beasts of burden were used, and fish and all manner 
of ware were bought on the streets on the day of rest, 
No wonder Nehemiah contended with the nobles to 
put a stop to such work (Neh. 13: 17). The nobles 
had committed the greater sin, because they had the 
power to end the traffic. But they were reaping 
too much gratification themselves from Sabbatt 
work for them to stop it. So Nehemiah ordered 
the gates closed all through the Sabbath, which be- 
gan at sunset Friday evening, and placed his own 
servants to guard the gates (Neh. 13: 19). Th( 
Phoenicians came as usual, but, finding the ^atq 
closed, they lodged and displayed thsjp, ware o 
side the "wall-. They did this not mci.o than * 
or twice, when Nehemiah commanded ihem to staj 
away, telling them that if they came again he wouli 
arrest them (Neh. 13:21). So Jerusalem was nov 
rid of this nuisance on the Sabbath. Nehemial 
then commanded the Levites, whose duty it was t( 
cleanse themselves and " keep the gates to sanctif) 
the Sabbath day " (Neh. 13: 22). 

From the time of Moses until the time of Chris 
there were no doubt many individuals among th 
Israelites who had kept the Sabbath a sacred daj 
had regarded it as it should have been — as a cove 
nant between God and his people (Ex. 31: 13). 

There is a third class of people to notice, namel 
the fanatics. The scribes sought out every minut 
application of the law. They rendered life a burde 
by laying down rules of no value. In Christ's tim 
they regarded even plucking a few ears of corn an 
rubbing them together in the hand as reaping 
threshing, and therefore as a violation of the 
(Luke 6: 2). To heal the withered hand was look* 
upon by them as a crime in Jesus, but the Pharise 
were careful to rescue any of their domestic anima 
if they happened to fall into a pit. Thus they 1 
spected animals more than a man. The commao 
that no one was to go out of his place on the Sa 
bath (Ex. 16: 29) was interpreted as limiting a jou 
ney to two thousand cubits, or about two-thirds 
a mile. Yet the Pharisees evaded this by placi 
loaves of bread at each successive two thousand c 
bits and starting from the loaves as from a dwell 
The bread was treated as such by a turn in the la^ 
So much for the Sabbath which is now supersec 
by the Lord's Day, or the day on which Jesus E 
from the dead. Christ was crucified on Friday, 
resting in the grave during the Sabbath and ar< 
the following morning (Luke 23: 54 to 24: 3). ' 
met with his disciples on the first Lord's Day (J° 
20: 19). They met again a week later (John 20: 
On Sunday the Holy Spirit was sent to the aposl 
gathered in that upper room in Jerusalem. On I 
Lord's Day God revealed the future events to J" 1 
the beloved disciple (Rev. 1: 10). 

Jan. 27. 19°°- 



Thus we see that the Sabbath was taken away that 
the Lord's Day might be established (cf. Heb. 
,0: 9). This being true, Sunday should be regarded 
a s a holy day. No work for self should be done, 
but instead the Lord's work. In Luke 6: 9 Jesus 
asks the Pharisees, " Is it lawful on the sabbath 
days to do good, or to do evil? To save life, or to 
destroy it? " This language is only a more em- 
phatic way of saying that it is lawful to do good on 
the Sabbath. Since Sunday is our Sabbath, it is 
lawful to seek, worship, and commune with our risen 

Allison, III. 

■ • ■ 



An aged veteran of the cross in Illinois, after 
reading in the Messenger an account of the dis- 
cussion between myself and Mr. Stucky, an Advent 
preacher, requests me that the points against the 
soul-sleeping dogma be given for publication in the 
Messenger. I herewith submit the Scriptures used 
in our negative argument. 

Proposition affirmed by Mr. Stucky: " Resolved 
that Man is wholly Mortal and Unconscious be- 
tween Death and the Resurrection." 
Negative Arguments. 

1. Man is a threefold being: " And I pray God 
your whole spirit and soul and body be preserved 
blameless unto the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ." 
1 Thess. 5: 23. 

2. Man's immortality is illustrated by Christ's 
death, in the following language: " Being put to 
death in the flesh but quickened by the Spirit; by 
which he went and preached unto the spirits in 
prison." I Peter 3: 18, 19. He was not only alive 
in the spirit, but found conscious spirits to preach 
to. * 

3. Death of Rachel: "And it came to pass as 
Jier soul was in departing (for she died), that she 

» called his name Benoni." Gen. 35: 18. 

», q. Elijah prayed: " Oh Lord my God, I pray 
thee, let this child's soul come into him again. And 
the Lord heard the voice of Elijah; and the soul of 
the child came into him again, and he revived." 1 
Kings 17: 21, 22. If man was wholly mortal, there 
would be no soul departing or returning. 

5. " For God created man to be immortal, and 
made him to be the image of his own eternity." 
Wisdom of Solomon (Apocrypha) 2: 23. 

6. In Deut. 34: 5 Moses' death is recorded; but 
before the resurrection he is seen by Peter, James 
and John on the Mount of Transfiguration. Matt. 17: 
3. Was he not conscious while there talking with 

7. Christ's answer to the thief on the cross, " And 
Jesus said unto him, Verily I say unto thee, To-day 
shalt thou be with me in paradise." Luke 23: 43. 
According to the advent theory the tomb is para- 

8. If man is wholly mortal, then the inspired 
Apostle Paul was mistaken when he spoke of his 
departure, " I am in a strait betwixt two, having a 
desire to depart and be with Christ, which is far 
better." Phil. 1 : 23. When his death was approach- 
ing, he said: "The time of my departure is at 
hand." 2 Tim. 4: 6. 

9. Paul understood man to be a compound being 
of which one part was not perishable: "For this 
cause I faint not; but though the outward man per- 
ish, the inward man is renewed day by day." 2 Cor. 
4: 16. He speaks of his body as a tabernacle that 
must be laid off. See 2 Cor. 5 and 2 Peter 1 : 13, 14. 
In 2 Cor. 12: 2 he speaks of being in the body and 
out of the body. 

to. The narrative of the rich man and Lazarus 
teaches the immortality of the soul: "And it came 
to pass that the beggar died, and was carried into 
Abraham's bosom." Luke 16: 22. Was his dead 
body carried away? No; for the record says, " He 
is comforted." 

11. Last but not least: "And fear not them 
which kill the body, but are not able to kill the soul!' 
Matt. 10: 28. 

In the last mentioned Scripture the fact is clearly 
taught by Christ that man has no power over the 
immortal part, which continues to live, which is not 
true if the advent theory is correct. Our time was 
limited to one hour on this proposition, and we had 
to abridge our arguments. Much more might be 
brought forth in support of the immortality of the 

Saginaw, Texas. 


Substance of a Recent Sermon by Wilbur Stover. 

" But lay up for yourselves treasures in heaven, where nei- 
ther moth nor rust doth corrupt, and where thieves do not 
break through nor steal." — Matt. 6:20. 

I used to think sometimes, when I was a boy, a 
little fellow, that I would like to have a very 
long arm, one that would reach clear up into the 
sky. I thought I would like to get treasures, play- 
things and other things, and with my long arm lay 
them up in heaven for the time when I should come 
over there. That was years ago. Perhaps you 
used to have some such child ideas as that. 

But we have reached majority now, and, for the 
most part, perhaps, we have put away childish 
things. What could I do with my little wagon or 
what would you do with your hobby-horse in that 
better land? Our ideas change on many things as 
we keep moving heavenward. Praise the Lord that 
they do. They are doubtless crude enough still. 

In Jesus' language of the text, notice the words 
for yourselves. Does it seem a little strange that in 
such plain words Jesus should speak of laying up 
treasure? Why, all through the Scriptures the ur- 
gent teaching is rather not to look out for one's self, 
but for one another. Everywhere it is one another. 
Did you ever count how many " one anothers " you 
could find? It is 

Salute one another. Rom. 16: 16. 
Love one another. John 13:34. 

r ye one another c hl 

' tor one anothe 

Bear ye one another s burdens, 

ay - 
Prefer one another. Rom. 12: 10. 


Gal. 6: 
James 5: 16. 

Wash ye one another' i feet. 
Tarry f 

ye one anomer i teet. John 13: 14. 
for one another. I Cor. 11:33. 
Confess to one another. Jas. 5: 16. 
Let everyone seek another's wealth. I Cor. 10:24. 
Please one another. Rom. 15:2. 
Praise one another. Prov. 27: 2. 

Be kindly affectioned one to another with brotherly love. 
Rom. 12: 10. 

What a list of them! And there are more! It is 
a root principle of Christianity to put self second. 
We love others. We labor for others. We live for 
others. We pray for others. We give for others. 
We enjoy doing something for another. That is the 
Spirit finding liberty. I would rather have a good 
cry myself than see my wife or mother weeping. 

Laying up treasure on earth is not profitable. 
On the earth, where " moth and rust doth corrupt, 
and thieves break through and steal." Some time 
ago we saw a house in Bulsar whose walls were half 
fallen down. There was a great heap of sand and 
plaster there. They asked us to buy this for filling 
in our foundations for the orphanage. We asked 
them the reason the house was falling down. They 
said: "Sahib, it's like this. Some sixty or seventy 
years ago a neighbor died, an old man. His family 
dug up the floor and found twenty-four thousand 
rupees. Later, the head of this house died, and the 
heirs remembered about the other old man, and be- 
gan to dig up the floor, hoping also to find twenty- 
four thousand rupees. They dug and dug, deeper 
than a man they dug, but never found it. I believe 
it's there yet, but the foundation is giving way 
from too much digging, and we'll have to rebuild or 
the house will fall down." 

Something for nothing is wrong. Never take it. 
You'll be caught. Do not let yourself desire it. 
These men destroyed their house, and spent a lot of 
time and labor, trying to get twenty-four thousand 
rupees without working for it as other men do. If 
you get possessed with the desire to lay up treasure 
on earth you will almost surely forget your good 
resolve to lay up treasure in heaven. 

Would you like to lay up treasure for yourself? 
Put it in heaven. You must lay it up there for 
yourself if you'll ever have any. No one else can 
lay it there for you. You can not lay by in store for 

any one else there. It's all for yourself. It can't be 
otherwise. No mother can lay up treasure in heav- 
en for her son. No daughter can be good enough 
to give her father credit there. Your good wife 
can't help you there. Each one will enjoy what 
treasure he has himself laid up there. 

In bearing one another's burdens you fulfill this 
law of Christ. In giving a cup of cold water in the 
name of a disciple, you are adding to your reward. 
In caring for others, you are storing away treasure 
for yourself. When you are roughly spoken to, and 
give back a soft answer, when you pray for those 
who don't pray for you, when you keep quiet in the 
midst of a quarrel, when you pity the fellow that 
cheated you rather than get angry at him, when you 
give to the Lord's work, your anna on the rupee or 
dime on the dollar of your wages, when you give 
your energies for the fallen, your strength for the 
weak, your consolation for the broken-hearted, your 
warning to the sinner, your time to the church, your 
life to the Lord, when you are so engaged, willingly, 
you are surely laying up for yourself treasure where 
moth and rust do not corrupt. 

You may not think about it. You may indeed 
forget about it. All the better if you do. This is 
the Spirit of the Gospel quickened in you. Your 
own treasure is a secondary matter altogether. You 
get all wrapped up in the welfare of others. It's 
the all-absorbing theme. If I'm sick, never mind, 
others must be well. If I die, never mind, the good 
work must go on. 

How can these things be? He that loveth his 
own life shall lose it. He that giveth his life for 
others in this world shall keep it unto life eternal. 
As I seek to fulfill one law of Christ, the other fulfills 
itself in me. I am laying up treasure for myself in 
heaven when I seek to lay up treasure for others on 
earth. I seek my own good here, and my own hap- 
piness. It's soon ended, and there's no reserve. I 
seek the good and happiness of others and the same 
is multiplied to me over yonder. How is it we are 
so selfish in the face of such truths! 

It's a question of time or eternity, a question of 
adorning. Adorn your body for a speedy burial, or 
adorn your spirit for life. One or the other, but 
not both. Why should men care so much to get 
money and keep it, and why should women be most 
concerned about their dresses? 

How much shall you live for others? How much 
sacrifice? How much love? How much give? 
How much serve? Three words will be the answer 
to all these questions, for all people the same. All 
have one standard in this before God. It is simple 
and easy to remember, all you can. You do all you 
can, God will make up the balance through Christ. 
Nothing short of all you can. Have faith all you 
can. Follow Jesus all you can. Live for others all 
you can. Be prayerful, charitable, lovable, joyful, 
all you can. Prefer others all you can. Bro. Good 
and Sister Grace. He can live ninety per cent in 
Christian manhood. She can live but seventy-five 
percent. If she lives seventy-five per cent,— all she 
can,— God will make up the twenty-five per cent, for 
she hath done what she could. But God won't 
make up twenty-five per cent for him. His "can" 
goes higher, God will make up ten per cent for him, 
but he must make up the ninety per cent, because 
he can. 

Here is a converted idolater. His faith is grow- 
ing. It has reached twenty per cent. God will sup- 
ply his lacking eighty per cent. But no lacking 
eighty per cent will be supplied to you and me. 
You must do and be all you can. You must live for 
others here, and so lay up your treasures there, and 
you will if you have learned of Christ. At best we 
are but unprofitable servants. At best there will be 
much lacking. He is beggarly who would ask God 
to make up twenty-five per cent for him, when he 
can furnish all but ten himself. I speak of the 
Christian life in all its spheres. All you can God 
requires of you. All I can he requires of me. 

Make haste. Adorning the spirit rather, forget 
the body. Your body will be forgotten in a few 
years anyhow. Who will know your name a hun- 
dred years from now? Prepare to live forever. 
Live for others, and so lay up for yourselves treas- 
ures in heaven. 
Bulsar, India. 


Jan. 27, 1900. 


Sermon Outlines, Homiletical Suggestions and Aids 
for the Minister. 

B^~We enrocstly Boliclt contributions lot this department ot the Gos- 
pel In way ol well-prepared sermon outlines, and short, crisp, 
5 radical helps lor the preacher. Due credit will invariably be given Ad- 
ress all matter Intended lor this department to Eld. A, H. Puterbaugh 
Box 776. Elkhart, Ind 


a valuable fund of information not to be obtained and as they looked at him John said to his disci- 
elsewhere. You also come in contact with the best pies: "Behold the Lamb of God" Then it was 
introductions and most glowin- - 

ng perorations given I that these two disciples heard Jesus speak- perhaps 
An hour or two each week for the first time. What he said we know not, but 


DV w. r, harshbarger. 

' Unto you therefore which believe, he Is precious."— 1 Pelei 
I. — Introduction. 

I. Christ is precious because he is a gift. 

Gifts are precious because of 

1. Intrinsic value. (Real worth of a Savior). 

2. Hand that gave it. (God's hand). 

3. Motive that prompted it. (John 3: 16). 

4. Escaped calamity, (Satan in wilderness). 

5. Actual service. (In our hearts). 

6. Rarity. (Only one Christ). 
I. — Conclusion. 

I. Precious in 

(1) Life. 

(a) Health. 
(ri) Sickness. 

(2) Death. Ps. 23: 4. 

Ladoga, Ind. 

— . 


in the English tongue 

with such men as Chalmers, Brooks, Quinter, Spur- 

geon, Townsend and a long list of others will give 

you an inspiration that will go with you in your 

work of soul-saving until the Master invites you 



It is often a great question as to how best to ar- 
. range your time so as to give the requisite amount 
to study and reading. Secular affairs press upon 
you and so crowd you that you are at a loss to know 
what to do to keep abreast of the ever-increasing 
demand upon you for better and more extensive ef- 
forts. A good system, adhered to closely, will af- 
ford superior advantages to any student. I am 
greatly in favor of setting apart one day in each 
week, to be used entire in such line of study as will 
be conducive to the best results in your ministry. 
This day will serve you to bring together the items 
coming to you through the previous week and so to 
arrange the material for your sermon that you will 
be conscious you have something to say, and by 
God's help be enabled to say it in a forcible, effect- 
ive way. I am aware of the struggle you will have 
and the many, many excuses that will confront you, 
but when you have fully determined that nothing 
shall turn you from your purpose, and that nothing 
shall get between you and this day of consecration 
to God's work, the work of the ministry will begin 
to assume a new dress and you will have an intense 
longing for your holy calling. So long as you make 
the ministry secondary and snatch a moment here 
and there, doing your work on the halves, you will 
feel a deep sense of unfitness and lose the real joy 
coming from faithful service. You will love your 
work in proportion as you enter into its real pur- 
poses, consecrate yourself to it and prepare to make 
it effective. By consecrating a day in each week to 
faithful study, in preparation of your message, you 
will experience real joy and pleasure at the coming 
of the day and in the work you are to perform. 
Your tasks will become easier and your burdens 
lighter, your mind will be ready for work and your 
heart all aglow with love for the task. If you have 
previously selected your text and made notes as to 
its development, you are ready for the arrangement, 
development and embellishment of the truths you 
purpose to set forth. By getting well in hand all 
your material you will come up to the house of God 
with a happy heart, trusting for the Holy Spirit to 
give you all needed help in sending your message 
of love to human souls. Of course you will have 
but five days left for secular work, but in the end 
the scale will turn largely in your favor, and when 
the Master calls you will answer, not without some 
regret even then that you have not done more. 


Any minister seeking to become familiar with the 
best processes in sermon-building will find great 
help by giving careful study to the best sermons by 
the best preachers. Not that you need to use the 
material that they use, but by a careful analysis of 
such discourses you become familiar with the best 
plans, and are enabled to collect leading and subor- 
dinate thoughts and weave them into outline, each 
in its proper place. Repeated efforts 
your plans and at the same ti 


You will now find it a propitious time to begin 
the systematic study of the Sunday-school lessons. 
The seven-year course now beginning affords you a 
rare opportunity of increasing your knowledge of 
the Holy Scriptures manifold. It is only one little 
lesson each week, an effort of an hour or two, which 
any one can easily spare, no matter how busy. 
Then, when the course is finished and the seven years 
have gone by, you will be amazed at what the effort 
has brought to you. In fact I do not see how you 
are to keep up your ministry and stand abreast the 
times if you neglect the Sunday-school work. It is 
best if you can secure good notes covering the year 
in one volume, then, in after-years, they serve as a 
commentary. The seven-year set places you in pos- 
session of a work fit to grace any library in our land. 
True, you may not indorse all that is taught, but can 
you find any book of human make with which you 
are in perfect accord throughout? You must learn 
to sift and expose error. This you cannot do effect- 
ually unless you come in contact with it. I advise 
the study of the lesson as you would study a sermon 
for delivery. Make it your own. Get it into your 
life, and many profitable applications will come to 
you in very opportune moments. These lessons 
furnish most excellent material for sermons and 
should be frequently resorted to by the minister. 


The First Disciples of Jesus. John 1: 35-46. 

me put intojyour hand 

Lesson for Feb. 4, iqoo. 
Golden Text.— They followed Jesus.— John 1:37. 
I think one of the interesting experiences in the 
life of Jesus must have been at this time. He had 
received the baptism that inducted him into the 
new relation with the world and its people, and had 
passed through the temptation, the first real expe- 
rience as a King that was to lead the lost into a fold 
of safety and hope. And the time fiad now come 
for him to start in a life of living that was to be the 
ideal of perfection and the standard for human ex- 
cellency. To do this he must not only live the life 
himself, but he must train others to live it, that they 
may teach others, and so keep the teaching going, 
through living lives, down through the ages and 
through all time. To do this he must have follow- 
ers. He has now assumed the role of the Great 
Teacher. And to teach there must be learners- 
disciples. And who will they be? Who will be the 
first? John the Baptist had made many disciples. 
But they were not, as yet, prepared material as sub- 
jects for this new kingdom. They knew only 
enough to look for the promised King when he 
would come. As they would be. pointed to the 
Lamb of God they would be prepared to leave the 
one teacher and follow the other. 

John had already enlisted the ears of the sur- 
rounding world and had baptized hundreds and 
thousands. But the most notable of all his subjects 
was the Christ who now becomes the leader and the 
teacher. And the time had now come that he could 
point his converts to the one that was to come aft- 
er. And the first two were the ones named in 
our lesson. 

"And the next day" here named was not the 
next day after his baptism, but the day following 
the circumstance named in the twenty-ninth verse, 
where John first points out Christ as theLamb of 
God which taketh away the sins of the world. The 
next day after this event John was standing with 
two of his disciples. And Jesus came walking by; 

it was enough to satisfy these two men that he was 
one in whom they could confide. It was the turn- 
ing point in their lives. They took their first step 
forward and upward. They left a great teacher to 
follow a greater. It was a wonderful experience, 
and just what they thought, believed and expected 
we shall never know. 

It is interesting to see how these men introduced 
themselves to the new teacher. They did it by fol- 
lowing after him. This opened the way for the 
conversation that followed and the introduction. 
Jesus knew them, loved them and opened the way 
by stopping, turning around and asking, " What 
seek ye?" Bashful and confused, they stammered 
out, "Rabbi, or Master, where dwellest thou?" 
They wanted an opportunity to have a talk with 
him and the way for this was opened by the 
answer he gave them, "Come and see." They 
went, they saw and they believed. And so the 
Master is saying to the world to-day. As he is 
pointed .out as the Lamb of God that taketh away 
sins, and we are attracted to him and want to know 
him, he says to us: " Come and see." Learn of me, 
and you shall find rest to your souls. 

But these men were the first two disciples of 
Christ. The writer tells us that one of them was 
Andrew, Simon Peter's brother, and the other was 
the writer himself, but too modest to say so. How 
unlike many of the disciples that have followed him, 
and those of to-day! A lesson for all of us to keep 
self in the background. 

It may be asked what change these men expe- 
rienced, and the character of the change. It was 
simply that of going from one teacher to another. 
The work of the first was to prepare men to enter 
into the work of the other. Both teachers were 
sent from God, but their missions differed. All the 
work was, as yet preparatory to the establishing of' 
the new kingdom and church. As a partial prepara- 
tion of subjects John baptized with water. Imese 
two disciples had received this baptism. So of all 
the disciples chosen. But this did not make them in 
full, the subjects of the new. kingdom, because as 
yet there was neither king nor kingdom. Christ 
came to be a king and set up a kingdom. But he 
was not this until he overcame the powers of hell 
and death, which he did in his suffering, death and 
resurrection. After this he came in the power of 
his kingship and organized his new kingdom or 
church. Though he had already disciples and fol- 
lowers, yet these men were not subjects of the new 
kingdom, because they had not yet received the 
seal of sonship— the baptism of the Holy Spirit. 
They were born of water, but not of the Spirit. 
And no one can be subjects of this kingdom except 
they are born of the water and of the Spirit. 

Christ, that he might be the way, received both 
births at the Jordan baptism. The disciples and 
thousands of others received their second baptism, 
that of the Holy Spirit, on the day of Pentecost,— 
the disciples first and others of John's disciples as 
they accepted Christ as their king. Those who had 
not been John's disciples, and at this time believed 
and repented, were baptized of both the water and 
the Spirit. And the same day three thousand were 
added to the church, the greater part of them, no 
doubt, being disciples of John who had now received 
the baptism of the Holy Ghost. All these are now 
born again of water and of the Spirit— are sons of 
God and subjects of the new kingdom. And while 
Andrew and John received the first call and were 
accepted as the charter members of the kingdom 
that was to be set up, the object and character of 
that kingdom is so large and munificent that the 
whole world may accept its terms, enter in and 
be saved. All we have to do, when pointed to Je- 
sus as the Lamb of God, is to do as those two disci- 
ples of John did— follow after him. We have him 
revealed to us through his blessed Word. There are 
shown his footsteps. Let us walk in them to the 
end, and we shall find salvation and eternal life. 

Jan. 27, 1900. 





Thb sweetest lives are those to duty wed, 

Whose deeds, both great and small; 
Are close-knit strands of unbroken thread 

Where love ennobles all. 
The world may sound no trumpets, ring no bells, 
The Book of Life the shining record tells. 

Thy love shall chant its own beatitudes 

After its own life working. A child's kiss 
Set on thy sighing lips shall make thee glad; 

A poor man served by thee shall make thee rich; 
A sick man helped by thee shall make thee strong; 
Thou shalt be served thyself by every sense 
Of service which thou renderest. 

— Mrs. Elizabeth Barret Browning, in the 
Rocky Mountain Christian Advocate. 




Never was there a time when it would be more 
appropriate to carve on the very walls of the sanc- 
tuary, and for every Christian to grave on the palms 
of his hands this divine admonition: " Be not con- 
formed to this world. Whosoever therefore will be 
a friend of the world, is the enemy of God." 

No snare is so subtle, constant and perilous to the 
follower of Christ as conformity to the world. 
Nothing sooner saps his spirituality; nothing hin- 
ders a revival in a church more effectually. Con- 
formity implies resemblance, and when a professed 
Christian begins to look like a worldling, and live 
like a worldling, how dwelleth the love of Christ in 
him? For there is a complete and irreconcilable 
antagonism between what the Bible calls the world 
and the service of Christ. The chief end of the 
Christian's life is to glorify God. Is this the chief 
end of life with the people of the world? Ask any 
one of them, and he will say, " No, I live to enjoy 
myself in promoting my interests, in gratifying my 
tastes, and in taking my comfort. I want to get 
ail I can and to get the most out of it," He looks 
, at only those things which are seen and temporal, 
God Us> ignored entirely; the soul is ignored, eterni- 
ty is forgotten. 

The pleasures most relished are the pleasures of 
sin, for God is not in any of them. The worldling 
commonly delights most in what a consistent Chris- 
tian finds to be forbidden fruit on forbidden ground. 
That forbidden fruit is poison to the Christian. 
Where a Bible conscience tells him to stop, the 
license of the world begins. The Word of God 
draws a dividing line. Over that line lies the path 
of self-indulgence, self-pampering, frivolity, slavery 
to fashion; over that line God is ignored and often 
defied. Christ is wounded there and crucified 
afresh. Over that line the followers of Jesus have 
no business to go. It was over such a stile that 
Bunyan's Pilgrim looked wistfully, for the path was 
soft and skirted with flowers; but when he stepped 
over he soon found himself in the dungeons of Giant 

Over the line which separates pure piety from the 
world the Christian, if he goes at all, must go as a 
participant in the pleasures of the world or 
protestant against them. It he goes to partake, he 
offends Christ; if he goes to protest he offends his 
ill-chosen associates; they do not want him there. 
We are quite sure that no bevy of merrymakers 
would be the happier, over their cups or their cards, 
if all the elders and deacons of our church were to 
come in suddenly among them. Brethren, the 
world doesn't want you in its giddy and godless 
pleasures, unless you are willing to go all lengths 
with it. If you walk one mile with people over the 
line they will compel you to go twain. If your 
conscience yields the coat, they will soon rob you 
of your cloak also. Where does the dividing line 
run between true religion and the world? We an- 
swer that it runs where God's Word puts it. And a 
conscience which is enlightened by the Word and 
by prayer does not commonly fail to discover it. 
Where God is honored is the right side; where God 
is dishonored, or even ignored, is the wrong side. 
Where Christ would be likely to Jgo if he were on 

the earth, is the right side; but where a Christian 
would be ashamed to have his Master find him, 
there he ought never to find himself. Wherever a 
Christian can go and conscientiously ask God's 
blessing on what he is doing, there let that Chris- 
tian go. He is not likely to wander over the line 
while walking by this rule; and when a church 
member can enter a place of worldly amusement, 
and honestly ask God's blessing on the amusement 
and come away a better Christian for it, then let 
him go, but not before. 

Without going into further illustrations we come 
to this fundamental principle, that whatever of work 
or of recreation a Christian engages in to promote 
the health of his body or soul, and in which he can 
glorify Christ, lies on the safe side of the dividing 
line. The moment he crosses it to become the 
friend of the world he becomes the enemy of God. 

But should not every good man be a friend of the 
world? Was not the divine Jesus a friend to the 
world when he so loved it that he gave himself for 
its redemption? Did not Paul love the world when 
he endured all to lead sinners to the cross? Ah! 
yes, very true; but they were not after sinners' sins, 
but sinners' souls, and they sought to save the world, 
not by conforming to it, but by transforming it to a 
higher and holier idea of life. Nor is it by going 
over to the world that we can save the worldling. 
If we are to impress the world we must live above 
the world; if we would save sinners, we must, in the 
same sense that Jesus was, be separate from sinners. 
The moment we go over the line to curry favor with 
the votaries of sin, we never reach them and only 
run the risk of ruining ourselves. Would to God 
that, in trying to draw the world into conformity to 
Christ, we did not allow the world to drag us down 
into conformity with itself. " Be ye separate, saith 
the Lord; and I will receive you." 

Royerton , hid. 



There are certain things upon which our minds 
may not legally dwell according to God's revealed 
Word. Of these we will write, hoping not only to 
steer clear of these dangerous reefs ourselves, but 
also to help to warn others. 

"Thou shalt have no other gods before me," was 
not given alone for the Israelites traveling through 
the wilderness of Shur and of Sin, but was a com- 
mand for all God's chosen peoples passing through 
this world, which is also a wilderness of sin. Not 
alone are "the heathen, who in their blindness bow 
down to wood and stone," idolaters, but all who al- 
low themselves to love any person or object more 
than their Creator. "Whom the Lord loveth, he 
chasteneth." Guard carefully the sacred recesses 
of >our heart, lest you love too well and not right- 
eously the children, the companion, or the parents 
whom God has given you. If you are of the elect 
and your thoughts turn to idolatry, God will in his 
mercy remove the object, " whate'er that object be." 
To become children of God, we must banish from 
our minds all thoughts of hatred. God looks not 
alone to our actions, as man does, but to the very 
thoughts and intents of the heart. A man may nev- 
er shed a drop of blood, and yet in God's sight be a 
murderer. Christ's teaching on this is very plain. 
He not only enjoins us to put away all thoughts of 
dislike, but to feel only love and to think kindly of 
those who hate us and would do us ill. See Matt. 5 

Impure thoughts must not be allowed to hold 
sway in the Christian's mind. Under these would 
be classed adulterous and all licentious thinking. As 
"the child is father to the man," so is the thought the 
precursor of the deed. A man may be hindered by 
fear or force of circumstances from committing 
adultery, but if the thought of that great evil has 
found lodgment in his heart and lies festering there, 
how much better is he than the one who has com- 
mitted the deed and may be branded with " the 
scarlet letter " on his breast? You do not envy the 
man who hauls and handles coal his job. His face, 
his hands, his clothing, all are smirched and show 

signs of the work upon which he is engaged. Soap 
and water will remove all traces, however. Not so 
with you, if you allow your minds to dwell on 
impurities. Your soul will become blackened, 
defiled, and only one thing— the cleansing blood 
of Christ— can purify it. If this cleansing be put 
off, not only will the soul be defaced, but the inner, 
hidden man will affect the outer, and the face will 
show signs of the inward corruption. 

Christ came not to destroy the law, but to fulfill 
it. So we, as his followers, want to fulfill the law, 
not the Mosaic law of dead forms, sacrifices, and 
burnt offerings, but the new law full of life, of love, 
of meanings. On the tables of stone delivered to 
Moses was written, " Thou shalt not steal," "Thou 
shalt not covet." Are we obeying these laws as 
translated by Christ in his life? Have we stolen 
the position needed by another and intended for 
another while our life work is left undone? Are you 
looking with longing, greedy eyes at your brother's 
farm, just as did Ahab at the vineyard of Naboth? 
In school, don't you hope your marks will be the 
highest in final examination, and if they are not, 
don't you feel sorry? " O, he is no church member; 
I should not have minded if one of our church mem- 
bers should have ranked highest." Then if one be 
no member of our church, he is not our neighbor. 
An election is held in the church for an officer, the 
lot did not fall on you — " Thou shalt not covet." 

A new year was lately heralded in. How much 
time did you spend talking over with your wife, 
with your business partner, or some other friend 
what you wanted to do and what you intended to 
accomplish in the year? No harm in that, you say. 
Let us see: "Take therefore no thought for the 
morrow; for the morrow shall take thought for the 
things of itself. Sufficient unto the day is the evil 
thereof." That Christ would teach us by this not to 
think at all, I do not understand; but herein he teach- 
es us one of the strongest truths of mental and moral 
science, namely, that to accomplish great ends we 
need to concentrate our minds, our strength, our 
souls, on what we are doing this very moment, and 
to leave the result, which is the future, with God. 

And now come the three condemned things of 
which we think most: "Therefore take no 
thought, saying, What shall we eat? or, What shall 
we drink? or, Wherewithal shall we be clothed? " 
Remove the thoughts of food, drink, and clothing 
from the minds of humanity and half would be a 
blank. Are there any among us who spend sleep- 
less nights planning what to prepare for the next 
Sunday's dinner, and then, when superabundance is 
prepared, worry over spoiled pies or heavy cakes? 
If there be such, are they doing right? How about 
the man who last summer thought to store away a 
barrel of cider in the cellar for this winter's drink- 
ing? "Take no thought for your raiment" — many, 
too many alas! need to heed this more. How many 
hours are uselessly wasted poring over fashion 
books? Be sure your sin will find you out, your 
mind will become, sooner or later, foolish as the 
changing fashions. I like what Lowell says in con- 
demnation of people traveling to Europe, with 
trunks filled with fine clothing for their bodies, 
while they have not so much as a clout of knowl- 
edge to cover the nakedness of their ignorant souls. 
We want, however, to notice that Christ does not 
mention the kind of raiment, but would have us 
give no thought even to our plain clothing. 

There are still two sinful thoughts, — twin sisters 
in the mental realm. They are thinking loo lightly of 
others, too highly of ourselves. Envy and self-es- 
teem, they are named. It is minifying our own 
faults; it is magnifying the faults of others. It is 
another case of Cub and Jack. It is Matt. 7: 3-5 

How shall we rid ourselves of these evil thoughts? 
There is but one way. Fill your minds so full of 
good thoughts that there will be no room for bad 
ones. There is one proverb that will act as a spur 
to urge us to do our best to keep pure minds. It is: 
" For God shall bring every work into judgment, 
with every secret thing, whether it be good or wheth- 
er it be evil." 
Everett, Pa. 



Jan. 27, 1900. 

The Gospel Messenger, 



Brethren Publishing House, 


The General Missionary and Tract Committee. 
22 and 24 South State St., Elgin, III. 

Subscription, $1.50 per Annum in Advance. 


J. H. Moorh Office Editor, 

Jos. Amick Business Manager. 

D. L. MlLLBK, Illinois, 
H. B. Brumbaugh, Pa, 

Ai.Uor, Commute, E*<x\ Eb ¥ , Danltl Itay.. W. R. ZhtUr.* 

19~A11 business nnd communications intended for the paper should be 
addressed to the Brethren Publishing House, Elgin, III., nnd not to any 
individual connected with It. 

Entered at the Post-office at Elgin, 111., as Second-class matter. 

At Wade, Kans., six recently put on Christ in 

Bro. S. E. Yundt is preaching at Mt. Morris 111., 
this week. 

Six accessions are reported in the Mississinewa 
church, Ind. 

On Sunday, Jan. 14, seven were baptized in the 
South Hatfield church, Pa. 

Bro. L. H. Eby is booked for a Bible term at 
Cushing, Okla., to commence Jan. 28. 

The Brethren at Nezperce, Idaho, think of build- 
ing a meetinghouse the coming season. 

During a recent series of meetings held at Bar- 
ron, Wis., seven were added to the church. 

The series of meetings at McPherson, Kans., is 
still in progress. Four have been baptized. 

Next week will appear the Endowment symposi- 
um. It will doubtless be read with unusual interest. 

The protracted meeting at Waynesboro, Pa., 
closed with six accessions by confession and bap- 

Bro. George D. Zollers is to hold a series of 
meetings in the Walnut church, Ind., sometime in 

Bro. David Lytle is to commence a series of 
meetings in the Rome congregation, Seneca Co., 
Ohio, Feb. 3. 

Bro. F. A. Robinson, of Redfield, Kans., has 
moved to Mansfield, 111., where he should hereafter 
be addressed. 

Bro. D. L. Miller has been selected by the 
Brethren in Denmark to represent that District on 
the Standing Committee. 

Bro. D. S. Brallier writes us that the meetings 
at Altoona, Pa., are still in progress. Seven have 
been baptized and one reclaimed. 

Bro. Dorsey Hodgden seems to be doing a good 
work in the mission field of Middle Indiana. He 
thinks the outlook is encouraging. 

Not a few churches are taking out state charters. 
This may be well, but it is far better to see that the 
organization is chartered in heaven. 

The Brethren at Roanoke, La., are having good 
meetings. Bro. C. H. Brown, of Kansas, is with 
them. Five have applied for membership. 

Bro. D. M. Brubaker, who recently located at 
Liberty, 111., is said to have entered upon his work 
with a zeal, and good results are likely to follow. 

Those who have not received the Brethren's Al- 
manac for 1900, will please write us. Each sub- 
scriber to the Messenger is entitled to a copy free. 

The Bible term at McPherson, Kans., com- 
mences Jan. 30. Bro. D. L. Miller is to deliver his 
talks during the first week. He is at Kidder, Mo., 
this week. , 

Bro. I. J. Rosenberger closed an enthusiastic 
meeting in the Beaver Creek church, Va., Jan. 11. 
Forty have been baptized, and others are ready to 
receive the rite. 

rBRO.'H. A. Beahm, of Brentsville, Va., and father 
of our afflicted Bro. I. N. H. Beahm, died a few 
days ago. A suitable notice concerning his depart- 
ure will appear soon. 

Bro. John J. Hoover, of Crawford, Colo., may for 
the next two months be addressed at Atchison, 
Kans., box 234. He is being treated by a specialist 
for cancer on his face. 

There is at this time a debt on the church in 
Washington, D. C. This ought to be paid off as 
soon as possible, so we will be prepared to do a 
good work at some other point. 

It is sound doctrine to follow no man any farther 
than he follows the Bible. The moment a leader 
turns away from the Bible just that moment should 
all his followers turn away from him. 

Bro. J. F. Ebersole, of Salem, Oregon, has not 
been in good health for quite awhile. A few weeks 
ago he had another attack of paralysis, but when 
last heard from was slowly improving. 

Bro. James T. Quinlan, of Baltimore, writes that 
hereafter his Bible school for boys and girls will oc- 
cupy the first floor of Friendship Hall, near the cor- 
ner of Montgomery and Williams Streets. 

Bro. C. M. Yearout, of Warrensburg, Mo., is 
spending all of his time in the mission field of Mid- 
dle Missouri. He has just closed a series of meet- 
ings in Henry County. He writes that he finds a 
large uncultivated territory awaiting the Lord's 

Bro. I. J. Rosenberger speaks very highly of the 
membership at Washington, D. C. He thinks all 
those connected with the erection of the house of 
worship in the Capital of our nation are deserving 
of great credit. The house is plain, neat, commo- 
dious and most admirably located. 

Writing from Keuka, Fla., Bro. J. N. Overhultz 
says the Brethren have services at that place every 
two weeks. They also have preaching at two other 
points in that part of Putnam County. One was re- 
cently baptized. He thinks there is an opportunity 
of doing good in Florida, but it will require some 
earnest and hard work. 

On the last day of 1899 ten were baptized at Nez- 
perce, Idaho. The Brethren in that part of the 
West think they have many reasons for rejoicing. 

Most of our readers receive the Messenger on 
Friday. Some of them regard it as a great disap- 
pointment if they can not look over its pages be- 
fore retiring, and a few of them would sooner do 
without their supper for that evening than to do 
without the paper. It Is a pleasure to edit a paper 
for such earnest readers. 

The traveler who enters Palestine to-day must 
carry with him a passport. Armed with this docu- 
ment, properly signed, he can enter Jerusalem. No 
intelligent man would think of setting foot on 
the soil without this instrument of writing, and yet 
there are many who propose to enter the next 
world without the passport that gives them a right 
to the tree of life. 


'It may be all right for ministers to announce 
their subjects ahead, but we hope that none of our 
brethren will fall into the unbecoming habit of mak- 
ing sensational announcements with a view of draw- 
ing a crowd. In one of our exchanges we notice 
among a list of subjects for a preacher, " Rotten Ap- 
ples," " Heart Disease," etc. Why not be frank 
with the public and leave sensational questions out 
of the pulpit? 

We now have a commodious house of worship in 
the Capital of the nation, and it affords our people 
no little pleasure to feel that the members who re- 
side in Washington have a place of their own where 
they can meet and worship. In the city there are 
about fifty members, and their number is likely to be 
increased as the years go by. Many have been the 
efforts to secure a meetinghouse, and since it has 
been accomplished we can all thank God and take 

Not a few of our patrons are writing for publica- 
tion some excellent testimonials concerning the 
value of the Messenger as a religious journal. 
While we appreciate their words of encouragement, 
it would seem too much like praising oneself for us 
to publish many of such communications. The bet- 
ter way is for those who admire the Messenger to 
tell everybody who does not take it, how much 
good they get out of it, and in this way induce them 
to take the paper also. 

On pages 51 and 52 of this issue will be found two 
articles concerning the nature and work of the Sisters' 
Aid Societies. They are given in response to the call 
made for information along this line a few weeks 

What do we think of the preacher, who spends 
most of his evenings at some country store, joking 
with the people? There is no need of sending a 
question like that to the Messenger office for an 
answer. Ask his neighbors and the merchant what 
they think of that kind of a preacher. Probably a 
man who spends his time in that manner ought not 
to preach until he is converted. 

Probably if the Lord would offer every profess- 
ing Christian in America a chance to go to heaven 
right now and be eternally saved, or the privilege of 
remaining forty years and run the risk of being 
captured by the devil, fully one-half of them would 
decide to remain. They would not care to leave 
their friends and pleasant homes; in fact they like 
the world so well that they could readily consent to 
remain here always. We wonder if such people are 
in real earnest about their religion. 

One of our readers wants to know whether an 
elder has a right to appoint an alternate in case the 
regularly elected delegate to the District Meeting 
cannot attend. There may be circumstances v-uAer 
which he would be justified in so doing, but Che 
proper way is for the church to have an alternate to 
serve in case the duly elected delegate cannot go. 
It is usual for the one having the next highest 
number of votes to be entered as alternate on the 
clerk's record. At the close of the election the 
alternates should be announced along with the dele- 
gate, and then all the members present will know 
who they are. 

Many and earnest are the expressions of thanks 
that come to this office because of the Gish Fund. 
Hundreds of our ministers feel thankful to brother 
and sister Gish for their generous gift. This gift is 
proving helpful to them far beyond their expecta- 
tions, for by it they are supplied with books such as 
they need in their work. In less than one year five 
books have been placed at their disposal, and others 
will follow in due time. If our ministers will master 
these books, one at a time as they read them, and 
so continue, inside of ten years they may be the 
best informed ministers in the country. No won- 
der they feel thankful. 

Bro. I. N. H. Beahm is now at Walter's Sanitari- 
um, Walter's Park, Pa. Under date of Jan. 20 Dr. 
Walter writes thus concerning his condition: "He 
is a very sick man, utterly prostrated and has a very 
weak heart, severely congested spine and barely 
able to walk a few steps. His prostration is evi- 
dently due to over-work, and it will require much 
time and patience before he is restored. I hope for 
him good results from treatment, and, indeed, I 
have no doubt that he will improve, but his friends 
must make up their minds to be content with feeble- 
ness on his part for many months. We trust that it 
may not be many weeks before he will be able to be 
about and care for himself, but I do not think that 
he will return to work this year." We give the 
above, for all of our readers are anxious to hear 
from Bro. Beahm, and they will not fail to remem- 
ber him in their prayers. 

Jan. 27. IO °°- 


Bro. I. J. Rosenberger, of Covington, Ohio, 
reached home from Virginia, Jan. 16, after an ab- 
sence of almost ten weeks. During his meetings in 
the East sixty-seven united with the church. He 
left home two days later for Philipsburg, fourteen 
miles south of Covington. 

Bro. E. S. Young has just closed an interesting 
Bible Institute in the South Beatrice church, Nebr., 
where he found a large body of members, and not a 
few of them wide-awake Bible students. From there 
he went to the Bethel church to engage in Bible 
work. Bro. Young seems to be very much pleased 
with that part of the West. 

Writing concerning a certain minister, one of our 
contributors says he thinks he has acted a noble 
part. How encouraging it would be if that much 
could be said of all the ambassadors of Christ. 
When the end comes, of how many can it be said, 
" He has acted his part nobly"? Paul felt a little 
that way towards himself, and so near the end of his 
life he could say, " I have fought a good fight." "' I 
have kept the faith." He had been true to the 
faith, loyal to the Master, and was certain that a 
crown of righteousness awaited him. What was 
true of Paul, as a faithful minister, ought to be true 
of every preacher of the Gospel. 

A minister who has been long in the service of 
the Lord writes and says: " It may be that the time 
has come for me to lay my armor down and go 
home." That is the feeling that must come to ev- 
ery minister sooner or later. However strong we 
may be at this time, the day is not far distant when 
we must say that the race is run, we have finished 
our course, and we look for the crown promised to 
all the faithful. This crown shall be ours if we 
keep the faith, as did Paul, who gave his life for the 
church. And while all this is true, there is an ele- 
ment of sadness in the thought of laying aside the 
well tried armor. One feels that life has been too 
short, and so little has been done! 


Some one wants us to write an editorial that will 
stir un the Mission-Board in a certain State. Possi- 
bly theWmay be Mission Boards that need stirring 
up, but vhis is not the better way of doing it. We 
suggest that those who think that their Mission 
Boards need some stirring up, write the different 
members a letter, and tell them just what they think 
ought to be done. Be sure to sign your name and 
give your address in full. Possibly if you accompa- 
ny the letter with a draft it will help the Board to 
carry out your suggestions to better advantage. In 
some States the Board would like to see the mem- 
bers stirred up so they will give more in support of 
the mission work. A mutual resolve to put forth 
greater efforts might be the better plan. 

On another page in this issue, our correspondent 
from Sweden tells how the people at an assembly 
were served with coffee and cake. This is a prevail- 
ing custom in that country, and no one would think 
of departing from it. On entering a house, each 
visitor is served with a little coffee and a small cake, 
and to refuse to kindly partake of the refreshments 
thus offered would be looked upon as an act of im- 
politeness and regarded, in some instances, as an in- 
sult. Even before the visitor rises from bed in the 
morning, coffee and cake are sometimes brought to 
his room. Attended with the spirit of genuine hos- 
pitality displayed by the Danes and Swedes, the 
custom seems very beautiful and appropriate. It has 
invaded every part of Scandinavian life, and to them 
has a significance that an American cannot compre- 


How many of our readers believe in home mis- 
sionary work? Do all of them? We hope so. 
Are they all willing to invest one dollar to have fif- 
ty-two sermons preached where they will do 
good? It can be done in this way. Se- 
lect some one whom you would like to see con- 
verted. Send the name and address to us, accom- 

panied by one dollar, saying that you wish to do- 
nate the Messenger to that person one year. We 
will send the paper fifty-two times, and you may rest 
assured it will be appreciated. Then, while the pa- 
per is being read from week to week, you pray the 
Lord to add his blessing. Before the year is ended 
your friend may be in the church. If not, you may 
be certain that good seed has been planted in the 
heart that will in time bring forth fruit. There are 
some Brethren who invest five and ten dollars a 
year this way. We have in mind oqe devoted 
brother who takes pleasure in sending his ten dol- 
lars and the ten names of his own selection. He 
loves to send the paper in this way, and then watch 
the results. In response to a notice like this we 
ought to receive at least one thousand names, or 
even more. A thousand of our readers ought to en- 
gage in this line of home missionary work, and thus 
be the means of leading sinners to Christ. Out of 
the one thousand thus receiving the paper one hun- 
dred or more of them ought to be brought to Christ. 
How many of our readers are willing to put this 
method of doing missionary work to the test? 


Here is something that was mislaid in the great 
pressure of business. It should have received at- 
tention three weeks ago: 

In the " Doctrine of the Brethren Defended," by R. H. Mil- 
ler, page 175, I find that Bro. Miller quotes from Wesley by 
Moore. Also in the account of the dedication of our church at 
Carrington, N. D., page 21, in his sermon Eld. J. H. Moore 
makes the same quotation, giving the volume and page. I 
would like to know whether these brethren ever saw ' Moore's 
Life of Wesley'? I made the same statement, when a very 
prominent Methodist minister got up and said there was not 
one word of truth in the statement, and asked that I produce the 
book. As I do not have the book in my library, I would like 
to know if you can help me out.— Jasper Bamthouse t Mark- 
ley sburg. Pa. 

The Office Editor wishes to say that he has in his 
library a copy of Moore's " Life of Wesley," and 
that in Vol. I, page 425, the following is found: 

" When Mr. Wesley baptized adults, professing faith in 
Christ, he chose to do it by trine immersion, if the person 
would submit to it, judging this to be the apostolic method of 

Bro. James Quinter left behind him a library con- 
taining a copy of the same work, and if any of our 
readers in the East should have access to his books, 
they can verify what we have stated above. It is 
said, however, that this passage has been dropped 
from the later editions. The prominent M. E. 
preacher, referred to, may have seen a late edition, 
and by this means was misled. 

Then it may not be amiss to bear in mind that 
John Wesley was formerly a member of the Church 
of England, a church which at that time practiced 
trine immersion along with trine sprinkling and 
pouring. The threefold immersion largely pre- 
vailed in Mr. Wesley's day, and it was no more than 
natural that he should have been favorably im- 
pressed with that form of immersion. In consider- 
ing it the apostolic method he simply agreed with 
the best evidence then in existence. It is unfortu- 
nate that he did not succeed in establishing it as 
the invariable mode in the church of which he was 
the founder. 


The Messenger is accused of being selfish and 
narrow because it cannot endorse the teaching and 
practice of certain distinguished men who have 
stamped on the world moral and religious influences 
that will not soon be forgotten. Few people have a 
higher regard for the gifted religious teachers of the 
present generation than the writer. So far as their 
teaching is in harmony with the New Testament, 
just that far can we accept their doctrine, but we 
cannot endorse what we conceive to be error. We 
owe a duty to the Founder of the Christian religion 

that is higher than any obligation that is possible 
for us to sustain to a human being, however talent- 
ed and influential. 

We aim to read the best books and magazines we 
can procure, and as near as possible keep abreast of 
the advanced lines of thought. We read and ad- 
mire the productions of the most learned. We 
sometimes listen to their discourses, but we must be 
permitted to 'draw the line between truth and error. 
This we may not be able to do as acutely as some 
would be pleased to see, but when we do find an er- 
ror, and venture to expose it, we must not be re- 
garded as narrow or uncharitable. The man who 
accepts and endorses error against better light and 
knowledge is the narrow-minded person. But he 
who searches diligently for the truth, finds it, and 
then holds it aloft, is the man of breadth as well as 
the man of loyalty. 

It is no easy matter in this or any other age to 
oppose the gifted writers and preachers who are 
looked upon as leaders. They may be doing an 
amazing amount of good. The masses honor and 
applaud them, but he who ventures to point out 
an error in their teaching is designated as unchar- 
itable. Others may see the same error, but they 
have not the fortitude to stand in defense of their con- 
victions. They dread the popular current that is 
opposed to them, and rather than face the taunts 
and ridicule they consent to fall into line and sup- 
press their conscience. Then there is a certain class 
who deem it patriotic to cry " narrow-minded," and 
" uncharitable " every time they see the least indica- 
tion to oppose popular sentiment. 

What would have been the result had Jesus 
yielded to the clamor of the public? What would 
have been the consequences had the Sermon on the 
Mount been moulded in harmony with the views of 
the most popular teachers and thinkers of the time? 
What if Peter on the day of Pentecost had gauged 
his teaching by the views held by the influential 
and talented teachers of Palestine? Then, what if 
Paul and all the other apostles had showed just 
enough respect for the world's greatest teachers so 
as not to come in conflict with any of the views set 
forth? Christianity to-day would be a thing of the 
past, and America might yet be full of heathens. It 
took nerve to face public sentiment then, and it 
takes nerve to do it to-day. Of course the apostles 
were looked upon as narrow-minded men, but their 
teachings' have long since proved that they were the 
broadest minded embassadors that ever walked the 
earth. They were the heralds of principles that 
have stood the test of nearly two millenniums, and 
the inspiration they left behind is doing more to 
make the world better than all other forces com- 

There was a time when the Brethren were thought 
to be uncharitable or lacking in breadth of thought 
because they opposed slavery, and taught that no 
Christian could hold his fellow-man in bondage, and 
live a devout life. They were denounced by both 
the press and the rostrum because they opposed the 
manufacture and sale of intoxicants. In years past 
they were even censured from the popular pulpits 
because they opposed war, and took no part in it. 
Some of them were put to death here in America 
because they held views not in keeping with the 
public sentiment on the war question. By and by 
we will have credit for breadth as well as loyalty 
and foresight because of our stand against these and 
other evils. All of this time there will be those 
who think it their privilege to call us narrow and 
uncharitable. But none of these things will move 
the Messenger, It is set for the defense of the 
whole Gospel, and so long as there is error in the 
world, and gifted men will persist in standing on 
the side of error, we must be allowed to take our 
stand, on the other side, and speak and write in de- 
fense of the truth, however unpopular it may be. 




This is a question that is being agitated more or 
less in all churches. And it has two sides, repre- 
sented by those who are below and above the " dead 
line," as established by common consent. The 
younger class of ministers and laymembers are dis- 
posed to place this line earlier in life than those 
who are older. This is often so done for want of 
thought and more practical experience. 

But while the younger may make the mistake of 
placing it too soon, the danger on the part of the 
older is to extend it beyoud a reasonable limit. 
There is a time in the lives of many when they lose 
the possibilities of determining their own powers of 
sound judgment. And yet, no matter how honest 
and sincere men may be in placing the limits of 
ministerial usefulness, the limit necessarily must be 
only approximate, as some men retain their vital 
and mental forces much longer than others. 
Hence it would be unwise and dangerous to make 
an iron-clad rule as to what age a man should be 
deposed from the active ministry. History tells us 
that the loving disciple John was active in the min- 
istry until quite old, perhaps in ninety. And we al- 
so have "Paul, the aged," showing that he 
continued in the work considerably beyond the time 
now determined as the shelving period. And all 
along down through the ages we have had efficient 
workers in the ministry up to the ages of seventy, 
seventy-five, and beyond. But such are the excep- 
tions rather than the rule and should not be looked 
upon as the material from which the standard is to 
be made. 

It is a sad thought to retire men before they feel 
the time has come. But it is still more sad for 
them, unknowingly, to go on beyond their power 
limit and thus destroy much of the esteem, and in- 
fluence acquired while in their prime years. In life 
there is a time for preparation, a time for active 
service, and there is a time in which men may re- 
tire honorably and satisfactorily to the world and 
to God. And this is the time that we would all like 
to know in refereuce to ourselves while we are yet 
in a position to exercise sound judgment. And if 
we are to determine this time for ourselves we 
should do it before we pass beyond a safe deter- 
mining limit. 

And as we do this there is no reason why we 
should shelve ourselves. But instead of counting to 
be leaders we should assume the role of helpers, 
and in some respects directors and counselors. Ex- 
perience is a great teacher, and often prepares men 
to direct in work in which they could not lead 
Tins experience should be utilized to the good of 
the church and the glory of God. 

The saddest thing of all life's experiences is for 
men or women to feel or be made to feel that they 
are of no more use in this world. This condition 
never comes to any unless it is brought about by en- 
tertammg the feeling of themselves or being made 
to enteitain it through the injudiciousness of others 
Which ,s very wrong. If we are the Lord's he has 
some use for us as long as he gives us life. And 
for us to feel this greatly enhances our usefulness 
to our fellows and to the church. 

But no matter how well we may be anchored in 
the aith and how carefully we may consider the 
problems of life, as age comes apace the question 
comes to us, What more can I do? What shall I 
do or what should be done with me? The thought 
has come to us, and we have written some about it 
And to-day we were again impressed with the 
thought on seeing an article headed: "Should the 
old clergyman be shot? " The question was asked 
some time ago by a notable minister in satire; and 
recently repeated by Ian Maclaren in the same spir- 
it. But it goes to show that.the people are think- 
ing along this line, And their thinking has been 

stirring the minds of the clergy, as to what the re- 
sults may be. 

Maclaren, in speaking of it, says: "Would it not 
be better that each congregation should organize a 
retirement scheme upon a large scale with two con- 
ditions? The first would be that every minister 
should be removed from active work at the age of, 
say, sixty, and afterwards he might give assistance 
to his brethren, or live in quietness, as he pleases. 
The second condition would be that he receive a 
retiring allowance of not less than half of his sala- 
ry." How practical this would be among our min- 
istry is not very difficult to see. As things now 
are it would not require much of an organization, 
and the scheme could be made practical without 
asking for money. Making the inactive line at six- 
ty would take from our list a very large percentage 
of the whole, and yet it would be an exceedingly 
easy matter to give them, on their retirement, one- 
half of what they had been getting while in active 
service. How much? 

And yet, though speak of it in this way, the plan 
suggested should set us to thinking. The matter of 
caring for our superannuated ministers— and those 
that are not— is a live question and demands our 
serious consideration. What have we been doing 
with them, and what are we doing for them now? 
Especially those who have and are now devoting 
their whole time to the church and the Lord's 
work? We have not " shot " them, neither are we 
now doing so-but is not cold neglect almost as 
bad? It is true, we do not allow our old ministers 
to go to the almshouse, but they deserve more than 
a bare living. They are worthy of comfortable 
homes, and should, even in this life, enjoy some of 
the fruits of their labors. And it is the duty of the 
church to see that they do. Are we doing it? We 
know of faithful brethren who have given almost 
their whole life to the ministry, and because of this 
they are poor at three score and ten. It is said of 
them that they are too old to preach. True, but 
they are not too old to need your aid and sympathy 
Do they have it? H B B 

Jan. 27, 1900. 


There is some inquiry about the work of the com- 
ittee that arranges the International Sunday- 
:hool Lessons. Last April we gave considerable 
information on the subject, and will here recast and 
reproduce some things then said. The committee 
is composed of men from the different leading de- 
nominations. In addition to the committee in the 
United States and Canada there are others in Eng- 
land, Australia and India. Here is the list as it 
stood last year. But few, if any changes have been 

CHAIRMAN.-John Potts, D. D„ Methodist, Toronto, Canada 
bECRETARy.-A. E. Dunning, Congregationalist, Boston 
Benjamin F. Jacobs, Baptist, Chicago. 
Warren Randolph, D. D., Baptist, Newport, R. I. 

A. F. Schauffler, Presbyterian, New York City. 
Bishop E. B. Kephart, United Brethren, Baltimore, Md 
J. R. Pepper, Methodist Episcopal, South, Memphis, Tenn 
Professor J. R. Sampey.D. D„ Baptist, Louisville, Ky 
Moshe.m Rhodes, D, D„ Lutheran, St. Louis Mo 
Professor J. S. Stahr, D. D., Reformed, Lancaster, Pa 
Professor j. I. D. Hinds, D. D., Cumberland Presbyterian 

Lebanon, Tenn. 

B. B. Tyler, D. D., Christian, New York City 
Coto Sh ° P Henry W ' Warre "' Methodist E Pi^opal, Denver, 

Professor W. W. Moore, Presbyterian, Hampden, Va 

Can r a°da SS ° r E ' '" R " f0rd ' B ' *" E P isc °P ali ", Montreal, 

The corresponding committee in England, Australia and 

ndia consists of C. H. Kelley, London; S. G. Green D D 

London; Charles Waters, London; J. Monroe Gibson, London- 

EdwL T "' , j Frank W - Wamc ' Caku «*. Mia 
AusTah "' D: ArCWbaW Jacks0 °' Melbourne 

of the Scripture to be used on the different Sundays 
-this much and no more. Each denomination 
has its own comments prepared by the writers they 
select for the purpose. The work on our Quarterlies 
is done by four brethren, each one having a certain 
amount to do. All the help they get from the In- 
ternational Committee is simply the Scriptural cita- 
tions where the lessons and golden text may be 
found for each Sunday. All the rest they have to 
work out and arrange themselves. It is very much 
like preaching from a text selected by some one 


What is meant by the expression (Mark 10:25), " It is easier 
for a camel to go through the eye of a needle, than or fnch 
man to enter into the kingdom of God"?-K B.S 

It is likely a proverbial expression, meaning some- 
thing exceedingly difficult, if not impossible to do. 
Not that God is unwilling to receive the rich who 
repent and come to him, but because it is the next 
thing to impossible to get the rich to feel the need 
of salvation. 

What was the" ■wro»r" referred tn in ■> r n . ...... j 

The meaning is this: The church at Corinth was 
treated as well as other congregations, save that 
Paul did not require them to contribute to the sup- 
port of his work. He felt that he should have 
urged them to take part in his labors, and now asks 
them to forgive him for the wrong or neglect. 
There is an element of irony in the winding up of 
the verse. In verse 15 the apostle aims to impress 
on the minds of the members at Corinth that his 
labors of love among them had not been sufficient- 
ly appreciated. His language is cutting, and must 
have been very keenly felt by those who read or 
heard the reading of the epistle. 

aposfo'lrcage , ? -> m ^ e l ffee, - WaShin 8 af '« *e close of the 

The Waldensians, who lived in the valley of Pied- v 
mont, .practiced feet-washing as late as AND. C£o. 
This fact is mentioned in "Orchard's History of 
Foreign Baptists," Vol. 1, page 297. History con- 
tains many references as to the practice in both an- 
cient and modern times. The rite is still practiced 
in Jerusalem by the 'Greeks. Probably there has 
never been a generation, since the resurrection, 
when the ordinance of feet-washing was not prac- 
ticed in some parts of the world. 

The lessons have already been arranged for five 
years, and for 1900, 1901 and 1902 have been sent 
out. The committee makes no comment on the 
lessons whatever. They simply select that portion 


Bro. Samuel Leckrone, of the Eel River church, 
Ind„ makes some suggestions regarding the pastor- 
al visits. He would approach his members some- 
what after this order: 

1. By your experience in the past, is your faith growing strong- 

2. Do you realize that you are growing in Gospel grace, in 
plainness and humility? p 6'"^, in 

3- Do you appropriate all the means of Gospel grace for 
Christian growth? ^ 6* a «- c "" 

(1) Do you ask a blessing at the table? 

(2) Do you have prayer with the family? 

(3) Do you go to social meetings? 

(4) Do you help Sisters' Aid Society? 

(5) Giving— 

(a) To borne church expenses. 
(6) To District mission work. 

(c) To foreign mission work. 

(d) To poor and orphans. 

(6) Do you attend all regular meetings? 

(7) Do you attend all council meetings' 
8) Do you take part in Sunday schools? 

(0.) Do you go to Communions? 
4. What are your greatest hindrances to Christian growth? 
|. Have you made any effort to win a soul for Christ' 
0. Do you take Christ in all your work and business? 
7. Do you take the Gospel Messenger' 


After renewing his subscription Bro. J. Sparks, 
of Oklahoma, Miss., says: 
"I do not think there is a church organization in the State. 

JftheRr«t n .„ mb , e ^ £ i : nqUiries a°°«the 'a!* and practice 
of the Brethren I think a good work could be done here, as 
*' f a good, sociable class of people. Besides, this is a 
good farming country and possesses a mild climate. Should any 
°' °" r n? ,n '5 "mg'.brethren be passing this way, we extend to 
them a hearty invitation to stop and visit us." 


Jan. 27, 1900. 



jeneral Missionary 


...Tract Department. 


D. L. Millbr. Illinois I S. F. Sanger, Virginia 

L. W. Tbbbtr. Indiana I A. B. Barnhart, - Md 

John Zuck, • Iowa. 

^"Address all business to General Missionary 
and Tract Committee, Elgin, Illinois. 

of the General Mission- 
ary and Tract Committee will be 
held in Elgin, 111., on Tuesday, Feb- 
ruary 13, 1900. All business for the 
Meeting should be in writing and in 
the office of the Committee not later 
than February 1 


There is nothing so baneful to any kind of 
work as a debt. " If only that debt was out of 
the way so that all resources could be used for 
progress." This is intensely true in any line 
of work that depends upon charity for its sup- 
port. People do not like to give to pay off a 
debt and it hangs over the work as a monster, 
consuming the funds donated and sapping in- 
terest from the donors. 

Debts among mission boards and at mission 
points come from an overreaching in obliga- 
tion and checking too heavily on the bank of 
faith. How often is there temptation when a 
large contribution comes into the treasury for 
the workers to immediately enlarge theii 
work on the presumption that such liberality 
will continue! Should any one remonstrate, 
the reply is, "Trust in God," or "trust the 
churches, and they will respond. 

Trust and faith are two admirable elements 
of Christian character, of which every one 
needs moreV But experience and reason are 
God-given also, and if they, be ignored and 
disaster i, VTrtake his tadeavors, the worker is 
.}t less gvMty because he " trusted " and " had 
faith." To ignore the facts of experience and 
reason is folly. " Trust " and " faith " under 
such circumstances are not trust and faith, but 
presumption upon God. When trouble comes 
over which the worker has had no control, he 
can well turn in loving faith and await divine 
help and guidance. But if he plunges head 
long into such trouble because of not using his 
judgment and reason, and profiting by his 
experience, let him find fault with no one but 
himself if his work suffers from his folly. Sa- 
tan once approached the Master on the pinna 
cle of the temple with the proposition that he 
should cast himself down, for God would care 
for him; but the Lord clearly replied, "Thou 
shalt not tempt (presume upon) the Lord thy 

And so it is in all kinds of benevolent work, 
mission boards being no exception. The ex 
perienceof a board has been that the congre 
gations give about so much each year for 
its work. Allowing for the steady increase 
from year to year, that board has no right to 
plan work and make obligations beyond that 
amount, no matter how great the donations are 
for any one month or part of a year. It is not 
a lack of faith for them not to go forward. It 
is the exercise of reason and good judgment 
that they should wait until it is shown that this 
large increase is a steady flow. Then they can 
proceed with the assurance of no debt, and the 
opportunities for the exercise of faith will still 
be countless and severe enough for the strong- 
est worker. 



Dear Messenger;— 

We have now been four weeks in our new 
"°me, and feel that the Lord has directed our 
choice of a field of labor. We surely have a 
"eedy field at least. 

We have many Mohammedans in this field; 

^hey will be rather hard to work among, but I 

not hopeless. We expect to direct our 


work mainly to the Bhil caste. If we succeed 
th them we can reach the Collie or farmer 
caste with no special barrier like if our work 
was with the outcasts. We expect constantly 
to do all we can to break up caste; yet in work 
we must respect it enough to reach the great- 
est number of people. 

We are close on the border of complete fam- 
ne here, as the famine is only about twenty 
niles north. Here partial' crops were raised, 
\nd people as a rule arc yet able, by the help 
of government relief works, to take care of 
themselves. There will be many helpless here 
long before grain can be grown again. May 
the Lord give us wisdom in properly using 
what the church so generously is putting into 
our handsl 

DSC ' I5 ' ^^ 


" While I was musing the fire burned."— Ps. $): 3> 

This being the evening before Christmas and 
all the family at home, we spent considerable 
time in singing from " Gospel Songs and 
Hymns," and while thus engaged in singing 
these beautiful songs my mind wandered far 
and wide, and now, since the children have 
retired, I feel moved to write some of my 

My mind goes back to-night to my dear child- 
hood home where we were all together around 
the family fireside. That was more than a 
score of years ago. Those were happy days 
But it could not remain thus. Soon our oldest 
sister married and set up for herself; and there 
was a vacant seat at the table. Next it came 
the writer's turn, and so, one by one, until all 
had left the dear old home and father and 
mother were left to sit at the table and kneel at 
the family altar alone. 

Then I think of the playmates of our child- 
hood days and of the sports of childhood, roam- 
ing through the wildwood. And where are 
they to-night, and what are they doing? Some 
have crossed the river; some went west to seek 
fortune and fame; but I am glad several are 
preaching,tbe " Gospel of Peace." 

Again, I think of the time when we had no 
Sunday schools, no series of meetings, and day 
meetings only every four weeks, and scarcely 
any night meetings, except the lovefeasts, 
which were held in barns. Then much, if not 
most, of the preaching was in the German lan- 
guage. This refers more particularly to the 
Quemahoning church. 

Then I recall the first missionary to a foreign 
field (Eld. C. Hope of cherished memory), his 
sacrifices and hardships, and how he succeeded 
in planting the pure Gospel doctrine in Den- 
mark and Scandinavia. The growth of the 
missionary spirit since then in the Brethren 
church has been almost phenomenal, 

With sadness I remember the struggle and 
strife the church passed through, which made 
three bodies instead of one, and caused wounds 
that will never be healed. No doubt much of 
this trouble and division was caused by a plu 
rality of church papers and a too liberal discus- 
sion of differences. 

Then I think of the many auxiliaries to the 
church work which are of rather recent intro- 
duction into our church — Ministerial Meetings, 
Sunday School Meetings, Missionary Meetings, 
Bible Terms, Children's Meetings, Young Peo- 
ple's Meetings, Christmas Treats, Sisters' Sew- 
ing, Aid, Benevolent, and Helping Hand Socie- 
ties, Reading Circle, Historical Societies, etc., 
and I am made to wonder if we would not 
better soon call a halt. No doubt the aim and 
object of these various societies is good, and 
they have been and are doing good, but is 
there not a tendency toward popular Christian- 
ity along these lines? Let us not depart too 
far from the ancient landmarks our lathers 
have set! Again, in my musings I think of the 
the wonderful strides the church has made in 
spreading the Gospel in the past decade. 
Without a question the above-named auxili- 
aries played an important part in the work of 
missions. If I am not mistaken we have or- 
ganized churches in all the States and terri- 
tories except New England, Delaware, South 
Carolina, Mississippi, Nevada, Montana, Wyo- 
ming, New Mexico, Indian Territory and 
Alaska; also in Canada, Scandinavia, Den- 
mark, France, Switzerland, Asia Minor and 
India. Looking at these results from one 
standpoint it is, indeed, encouraging, but then 
when we think how much is yet to be done, we 
almost sink in despair. 

It does not take very close observation to 
see that pride and fashion are working their 
way into the church. Much of this could be 
avoided if parents were a little more thought- 
ful in the kind of clothes they put on their in- 
nocent children, If children were dressed 
plainly from infancy, they would not have so 
much to lay aside when they want to become 
members of the church, and the result would 
be they would come much more readily and 
afterward would make the church no trouble in 
trying to dress as the world dresses. " What 
is put into the first of life is put into the whole 
of life." 

Geistown, Pa. 



"We should be thankful for all things al- 
ways." Then from the time we begin to sow 
until we reap, in the seasons of the year as well 
as of life, we should ever keep before our 
minds the Lord's bank for deposits, for " inas 
much as ye have done it unto the least of 
these my brethren, ye have done it unto me." 
"Lay up your treasures in heaven." As I 
labor in my field I often wonder who will get 
the reward for sending me, Brother, if you 
could see the hungry soul drink at your cup I 
know you would rejoice with us. 

The way to express gratitude to God is to 
give soul, body and spirit in service for human- 
ity. Here am I, Lord; send me. Here is my 
money, Lord; send it. Who said it? Yes, but 
■who will do it? Thanks be to the Lord for 
what we have in the mission field; but yet 
there is room. 

In the raising of funds for the India famine 
at least three little children, ten years old or 
less, took it upon themselves to solicit. In two 
instances they were encouraged in the work. 
It is to be regretted that one little girl met 
much discouragement and from persons who 
should never discourage, for they belong to the 
followers of Christ. How often, however, it is 
the case that the worst discouragement comes 
from such sources. Not that it was intended to 
be so, but because these same members, world- 
ly wise and short-sighted in faith, and entirely 
out of touch with the simple efforts of children, 
speak thus. It is a matter of joy, though, that 
through this discouragement the child persisted 
and succeeded well. The Lord does bless all 
effort, and especially that which comes up 
through tribulation. 


How easy It Is to say things wrong even in 
the sincere moments of life. Ordinarily the 
Christian says HE gives to the Lord's work 
when he casts of his means into the treasury. 
A great mistake. The giving is by the Lord 
himself. The silver and gold the Christian has 
from the sale of his crop, or his cattle, or how- 
soever he has come to have it, all is the Lord's 
He has simply by his efforts come in posses- 
sion of it by herding the cattle, tilling the 
ground, and waiting patiently on the Lord to 
have the crop grow. The rains fall, not at 
man's command; neither does wheat grow by 
his power. Then why call it his own? When 
giving do not forget that all that is given be- 
longs to the Lord, is owned by the Lord, is 
simply being set apart for his work. 

Some people mistake the intent of Christi- 
anity and undertake to apply it to themselves 
alone. They would if they could,— they are 
judged by their actions, — take Christ into them- 
selves and let all the rest of the world suffer 
without him. How badly they have misunder- 
stood Christ! Could they go to the shores of 
the Dead Sea, and taste and see its waters, 
they could get a faint idea of the bitterness of 
such a selfish soul. From beginning to finish, 
with the seal of the last words of the Master 
upon it, Christianity is a missionary religion, 
reaching out for others, converting, advancing, 
and encompassing the world. 

In one of the great temples of Japan the 
devotion of the worshipers consists in running 
around the sacred building one hundred times 
and dropping a piece of wood into a box each 
time; when the wearisome exertion is ended 
the worshiper goes home tired and very happy 
at the thought of having done his god such a 
worthy service. 

" If you cannot give your thousands, 

You can give the widow's mile. 
And the least you do lor Jesus 
Will be precious in his sight. 

" Loud and long the Master calleth, 
Rich reward he offers thee: 
Who will answer, gladly saying, 
" Here am I; send me, send mer " 

" II you cannot cross the ocean, 

And the heathen lands explore, 
You can find the heathen nearer. 
You can help them at your door." 

Yet In the memory of many active workers 
in the church was the time when China's doors, 
as well as the doors to other heathen nations, 
were closed to Christianity. Then those awake 
to the needs of the world were praying foropen 
doors that the church might go in and occupy, 
Now the doors are wide open in every conti- 
nent and under every flag and the church is 
slow in going in. The need to-day is not open 
doors, but open pocket-books and sympathiz- 
ing hearts. 

" How shall they believe in him of whom 
they have never heard? How shall they hear 
without a preacher? And how shall they 
preach except they be sent?" Rom. 10: 14. 
Livingston, in one of his Cambridge lectures, 
tells of a chief who said to him, "All my fore- 
fathers have passed away without hearing 
these things. If what you say is true, how is 
it that your forefathers, knowing of them, did 
not send word to my forefathers? " 

At a certain meeting in California a Japa-- 
nese convert said, " My hair is black, my eyes 
are black, but my heart has been made white 
by the blood of Jesus Christ. I was a poor 
heathen boy, and troubled and sin-sick, I 
went to Shinto and cried, 'Oh, save my poor, 
sin-sick soul! ' but no help me. I went to Con- 
fucius and read his words, but my sin-sick was 
not cured, I went to Buddha, and waited long, 
but he did not help. I went to Jesus. He cure 
me. Hallelujah! " 


A brother in Maryland on his birthday re- 
members the mission work of the church with 
a liberal contribution. He has kept this up, to 
the knowledge of the writer, for over ten years. 
His handwriting is familiar, and the letter has 
never disappointed those in waiting at the of- 
fice. He gives other times of the year, but on 
bis birthday be takes great pleasure in remem- 
bering the Lord's work with his bounty. 

The question, "Will the heathen be saved 
without the Gospel?" is not nearly as impor- 
tant to the individual members of the church 
as the question, "Can any one be saved who, 
knowing the will of the Father that all men 
should be saved, and having his direct com- 
mand to go to the heathen and preach the 
Gospel, neglects or refuses to do this? " 

What Is the matter with the church to-day? 
In the beginning of her organization she gave 
all her apostles but James to the foreign work, 
and now she wishes to keep all her workers, or 
her best ones, at least, at home. Is she not by 
this very course robbing herself of much of the 
power granted unto the early church? 

Regular givers for the Lord's work are also 
regular prayers that the work may prosper. 
On such the strength of the church largely de- 
pends, for the prayers of a righteous man avail 

Our Prayer Meeting. 


For Week Ending Feb. to. 

1. My Birthday.— John 3: 5-7; Eph. 2:1,4, S- 

2. My Father.— I John 3: 1. 

3. My Food.— i Pet. 2: 1, 2. 

4. My Clothing— Isa. 61 : 10; I Pet. 5: 5. 

5. My Growth.— 2 Pet. 3: 18: Eph, 4: 1$. 

6. My School.— Heb. 12: 11-14. 

7. My Teacher. — John 14:26. 

8. My Lesson.— l Tim. 4: i2-i6;6: II, 12. 
t>. My Friend.— John.15: 14, i$- 

o. My Character.— 1 Pet. 1: 15. 
t. My Pursuits.— Philpp. 3: I3> 14- 

2. My Sorrows— 2 Cor. 6: 10; I Pet. 2: 21; 2 
Tim. 2: 12. 

3. My Joys— 1 Pet. 1:8; Ps. 16: 11. 

4. My Home.— John 14: 2; Rev. 21 : 23-27. 



Jan. 27, 1900. 

Notes from Our Correspondents. 

•• As cold water to a thirsty soul, so is good news from a lar country." 


Austin.— Eld. Henry Brubaker has just closed a series of 
meetings here. The best of interest and attention prevailed. 
On account of illness he preached only five sermons, but each 
was full of Gospel truth. Saints were made to rejoice and sin- 
ners warned to flee the wrath to come. We held our quar- 
terly council Jan. 13. All matters were disposed of in a Chris- 
tian manner.— W. E. Whitckir, Jan. 16. 

Egsn.— We held our council Jan. 6. We decided to hold 
our love feast on Feb. 17, at 4 P. M. Four were received by 
letter since our last. We reorganized our Sunday school by 
electing Sister Mary Yoter, superintendent, and Sister Emma 
Gibbel, assistant. We use the Brethren's literature.— G. W. 
Prisir, Htmel, Cal., Jan. 11. 


Chlvlngton.— Jan. 15 Bro. G. E. Studebalter delivered two 
able sermons at this place. The attendance was good.— S. E. 
Sko m ak l r.Jan.,S. ^^ 

Martin Creek.— Bro. S. W. Garber, our elder, of Allison, 111., 
came to us Jan. 13 and gave us three interesting, instructive 
and encouraging sermons. Although the roads were bad, 
these meetings were very well attended. Eld. Garber expects 
to be with us again Feb. 10 and 11, at which time will be our 
quarterly council and the organization of Sunday school.—/./. 
Scrogum, Fairfield, III,, Jan. 15. 

Liberty. -Bro. D. M. Brubaker is working with zeal for the 
Master's cause here. He finds plenty to do. He closed a se- 
ries of meetings at the Hazelbluff schoolhouse, ten miles north- 
east of Liberty, and reports the best of interest in the meetings. 
Stormy weather and bad roads caused him to withdraw an ap- 
pointment at Lost Prairie schoolhouse for Jan. 22. There are 
two other places that have to be seen about in the near future. 
We reorganized our Sunday school at Liberty for 1900 with 
Bro. I. B. Roe as superintendent.— Lewis Phillips, Jan. 20. 
Anderson.— Bro. John R. Snyder, of Bellefontaine, Ohio, 
spent Sunday in that city, and in the evening gave a mission- 
ary address that was highly appreciated by all. The small- 
pox scare lowered our attendance during the last few appoint- 
ments, but has now passed away. There was no genuine case 
,here. We purpose organizing a reading circle, and taking up 
the different courses of study.—/ S. Aldredge, 1612 Cincin- 
nati Avenue, Jan. 18. 

Ft. Wayne.— The Lord's work here is moving along en- 
couragingly. Our Sunday school is growing in interest as well 
as in numbers. The second Sunday of January, the school 
numbered eighty-two. Our church services are well attended, 
with the very best of interest. The prospects are brightening 
for a great work at this place. We now have a membership of 
thirty-one. What we need most of all is a house of worship, 
and since there has been some provisions made along that 
line, we trust the work may be pushed, so that we may be able 
to see the work of building begin in the early spring.—/. 
Ahner, Jan. 15. 

Huntington.— Bro. A. Moss came to us last Saturday and 
preached two very acceptable sermons. All felt built up by 
his talk, and were well pleased. He will come back the sec- 
ond Sunday of February and preach for us again. He seems 
to be impressed with the outlook here.— Jacob Mishler, Jan. 

V- . r 

Mlsslssinewa.— We closed an interesting series of meetings 

last night, conducted by Bro. Daniel P. Shively, of Nead, Ind., 
who delivered twenty-two sermons, which greatly encouraged 
the church. Six were received by baptism, and one reclaimed. 
Others were deeply impressed. Some who had wandered 
away seem to be almost ready to return to the fold.— John F. 
Shoemaker, Shidler, hid., Jan. 15. 
Frederic— On the evening of the fifteenth a little meeting 
was held at a private house and a brother received back into 
the fold at this place.— Annie V. Follis, Jan. ig. 

North English.— Brother and Sister Calvin McNelly, of Mt. 
Carroll, 111., conducted a ten days' Bible school for us. We 
studied the books of Genesis and Hebrews, Bible History and 
Sunday-school work. In the evening Sister McNelly drilled 
the children in Sunday-school work and Bro. McNelly 
preached for us. The work was very beneficial, and our only 
regret is that not more could attend. The weather was very 
inclement and a great deal of sickness greatly hindered the at- 
tendance, but the church was much built up by the earnest ef- 
forts of our dear brother and sister. — Alice Garber, Jan. 20. 

Spring Creek.— We began our series of meetings Dec. 29, 
and closed last evening with a full house and good interest. 
Bro. Harvey Eikenberry (our elder) did the preaching. He 
labored earnestly. We held our quarterly council on New 
Year's Day. All business passed off pleasantly. Our Sunday 
school closed for the winter at the end of last quarter. — Bes- 
sie Gillam, Fredericksburg, Iowa, Jan. /,f. 

Dorrance. — Bro. D. R. Holsinger came among us Jan. 6, 
and has now preached five sermons. He has given six lessons 
on singing and all are .well pleased. The gatherings are in- 
creasing. We shall report again.— Jacob Harnish.Jan. /j. 

Wade.— Bro. J. E. Crist, who lately moved to Wade, com- 
menced a series of meetings in the Brethren's house at Wade 
Jan. 24. He closed last night with a full house and a good in- 
terest. Six were baptized. The fuflire looks very encourag- 
ing for the Wade church.— Lee Bucklew.Jan. if, 

Roanoke.— Bro. C. H. Brown, of Kansas, came to us on Jan. 
7 and has been holding forth the Word with power since that 
time. Five have accepted Christ up to the present writing 
and we hope more will follow. The members are being re- 
vived. The meetings will continue indefinitely.—/. P. Cram- 
Packer, Jan. 17. 


Pipe Creek.— The Brethren of the Eastern District of Mary- 
land have just closed a Bible term of two weeks, held at Union 
Bridge, in connection with the Collegiate Institute, Bro. J. D. 
W. Deardorff, of Gettysburg, Pa., was with us the first week 
and helped much in the work. Bro. W. E. Roop gave us sev- 
eral Bible Land talks, which were much enjoyed. The breth- 
ren did their work well, in trying to explain the Bible, and we 
all felt it was good to be there. I believe that every District 
in the Brotherhood should be encouraged to engage in this 
work. The Collegiate Institute is growing in numbers and 
interest, and the newly-organized Sunday school in the Breth- 
ren church is very promising.— Rachel A. PJouts, Linwood, 
Md.Jan. 17, 


Lewlstown.— Eld. O. J. Beaver is holding a series of meet- 
ings in the Winona church. Sister Sadie Miller is the leader 
in the song service. Attendance and interest are excellent. — 
Mary J. M. McDougall,Jan. ig. 


Falrvlew.— We met in council Jan. 6. We granted two let- 
ters; also received one. We reorganized our Sunday school by 
electing Bro. J. B. Shank, superintendent and Bro. J. A. Lapp, 
assistant.— Sadie Shank, Cherry Box, Mo„ Jan. 15. 

Mint Spring.— Brethren John and B. B. Hylton, two young 
sisters, and Bro. Leonard Dickorson (a deacon) from Indian 
Territory, came to this place Jan. 6. The brethren preached 
Saturday evening and Sunday to an attentive congregation. 
We changed the time of our meeting from the first to the 
fourth Sunday of each month. We took a collection for the 
suffering ones amounting to $2.38. One of our neighbors has 
been reading my Messenger and is well pleased with it, es- 
pecially because it opposes war and secret societies. I am 
well pleased with the "Almanac."— Nannie Hartnan, Prior, 
Mo., Jan. 16. 


Rocklake.— We met in quarterly council Jan. 13, with Bro 
Neher as elder in charge. A congregational mission board 
was appointed, consisting of five brethren, whose duty it is to 
look after the mission work in the congregation. Our treasury 
shows a surplus of $31.85 on hand. To date we have donated 
$28.31 to India sufferers. We have a good Bible meeting ev- 
ery Thursday, at Bro. Alvin Miller's, beginning at noon and 
lasting three hours, conducted by Bro. J. H. Fike. At present 
we have three preaching services every Lord's Day. Our cen- 
sus shows 152 members in our congregation. Some are not 
yet living on their homesteads.— E. N. Hujfmam, Jan. ij. 
Ash Grove.— Bro. John Calvin Bright, of New Lebanon, 
Ohio, came to us Jan. 6, and preached nineteen sermons. The 
church was built up and strengthened. The attendance was 
not so very large on account of rainy weather and bad roads. 
The interest was very good. The meeting closed Jan. 19— F. 
P. Cordier, Celina, Ohio, Jan. 20. 

Black River.— On the evening of Dec. 30 we began a series 
of meetings at the Black River church, and closed on the 
evening of Jan. 14. Bro. W. F. England preached for us. 
Three of our dear Sunday-school scholars decided for Christ, 
and were baptized. Many more were deeply impressed.— 
Mary Hoover, Chatham, Ohio, Jan. 17. 

Covington. — We are now in the midst of a series of meet- 
ings, conducted by Bro. Jacob Rairick, of Royerton, Ind. 
Much interest seems to be manifested, and we hope much 
good may be done. Bro. Joseph Studebaker, of Flora, Ind., 
held a ten days' singing school previous to the meeting. It 
was well attended and much interest shown.— Mattie B. Boggs, 
Jan. 16. 

Ludlow.— We just closed a very interesting series of meet- 
ings, conducted by Bro. Jacob Coppock. The meeting began 
Jan. 6 and closed Jan. 21. He preached in all twenty-seven 
sermons. All present received their portion. Three were re- 
ceived by baptism, and others seemed near the kingdom.— 
Martha Minnich, Painter Creek, Ohio, Jan. 22. 

Vanwert.— We have just passed through an interesting se- 
ries of meetings conducted by our young brother, J. G. Guthrie, 
of Herring, Ohio. He came to this place Dec. 23, and began 
preaching the next day. He closed Jan. 17, and preached in 
all thirty sermons. We had a well-filled house until the last. 
One was baptized and one reclaimed. Others are counting the 
cost.— Jacob Heistand, Hoaglin, Ohio, Jan. 20. 
Handley.— Our quarterly council was held Jan. 13. Bro. 
Samuel Edgecomb presided. One letter was received. Bro. 
Edgecomb preached for us on Saturday night and Sunday 
forenoon.— Nora Beits, Jan. 15. 

Pleasant Plains.— We met in quarterly council Jan. 13, 
with Bro. Bosserman presiding. We decided to send Bro. 

Booze as our delegate to Annual Meeting. We have a good 
Sunday school and use the Brethren's literature. — Marthie 
Ross, Carwile, Okla. T., Jan. 17. 

Stroud.— Saturday evening, Jan. 13, we met in quarterly 
council. The business was pleasantly as well as promptly 
disposed of. Bro. J. K. Waltman was chosen to the ministry 
and duly installed. Three letters of membership were handed 
in. The prospects for building up a strong church here are 
good. Sunday, Jan. 14, our elder, A. W. Austin, gave us one 
of his good sermons. At night Bro. Samuel Edgecomb ably 
addressed us.—/. C. Neher, Jan. if, 
Salem. — At the church meeting of the Salem church, Jan, 6, 
Bro. A. M. White was chosen to the ministry and impressively 
installed by Eld. S. H. Miller, of Sunnyside, Wash.— M. M. 
Eshelman.Jan. 8. 

Ephrata.— Sunday, Jan. 14, one of our Sunday-school schol- 
ars was baptized. The Ephrata Sunday school has now a pri- 
mary department of nearly fifty scholars. Sisters Emma Le- 
fever and Emma Seltzer are superintendents.—/. R. Royer, 
Jan. /y. 

Masontown.— Eld. Jerry Bottorff, who has charge of the 
Washington County church, has been confined to his bed with 
typhoid fever, but at this writing seems to be a little better,— 
Alpheus DeBoltJan. /j. 

Norristown.— A series of special meetings will be held at 
this place commencing Sunday evening, Jan. 21. Bro. Jesse 
Zeigler, of Royersford, Pa., expects to conduct the meetings.— 
Geo. B. Detwiler, 714. Kohn Street, Jan. //. 

Notice. — Any one knowing of members or members' chil- 
dren living in Pittsburg, Pa., or vicinity, will confer a great 
favor, and hasten the work of the mission, by sending their 
name and address to the undersigned. — S. S. Blough, Johns- 
town, Pa., Jan, /j. 

Parkerford.— The Brethren at Parkerford met in special 
council on Jan. 5. Brethren Aaron Keiter and Harry Penny- 
packer were elected deacons, and Bro. W. G. Nyce elected 
minister. Our protracted meetings began with the year and 
are still in progress. Three have made the good choice and a 
deep interest seems to prevail.— F. F. L/olsofip/e, Jan. ijj. 

Snake Spring. — Dec. 30 we commenced a series of meet- 
ings, conducted by our home minister until the evening of the 
the 26th, when Bro. Allen Myers, from Huntingdon, Pa., came 
and remained with us till the morning of Dec. 31, Sunday. Two 
young sisters united with the church. On the evening of Jan. 
6 Bro. Bennett, of Artemas gave us two sermons— G. A. Sny- 
der, Valley Mills, Pa., Jan. ij. 

South Hatfield.— Bro. H. E. Light,"oC lvtountville>V<aacas- 
ter Co., Pa., came to us Dec. 30 and began a series of m^tlnga v 
the same evening. He was with us til! Jan. 14. He preached 
the Word in its purity. He preached three sermons on each 
one of two Sundays and during the week several times twice a 
day. All were strengthened. Seven were baptized and one " 
desires to be reclaimed.— Ella C. Souder.Jan.17. 

Upper Cumberland.— Bro. B. F. Kittinger, of Ambler, Pa., 
began a series of meetings Dec. 18 in the Center meeting- 
house. He preached ten sermons. A good interest was mani- 
fested. It is about seven years since Bro. Kittinger held a se- 
ries of meetings at this place.— Annie Gutshall, Jan. 6. 

Waynesboro.— Bro. H. C. Early, of Montevideo, Va., began 
a series of meetings at this place on the evening of Dec. 31 and 
continued until Jan. 14. We feel greatly strengthened, and en- 
couraged to be more faithful workers in our Master's vineyard. 
We have not only been strengthened spiritually but also nu- 
merically. Six were led to accept Jesus. Two more have ex- 
pressed their desire to do likewise. There are others who are 
near the kingdom.— Sudie M. Wingert, Jan. 18. 

Woodbury.— Bro. J. Kurtz Miller, of Kauffman, Pa., came 
to us Dec. 30, and began his Bible school Jan. 4. He continued 
for two weeks, of four one-hour periods each, except Saturday 
and Sunday. Each period of the day was devoted to different 
subjects of the Bible, (i) "Its Books and Divisions as to 
Books." (2) "Divisions as to History," (3) "Life of Christ," (4) 
" History of the Christian Church According to Acts." All the 
topics were very interesting and instructive. The interest of 
the class was good and still increasing. Many did not miss 
any time. All were well pleased with the instructions given. 
Bro. Miller is well qualified for the work. We need many 
more such Brethren to teach the Bible in the local churches. 
This was the first Bible term in our congregation, but we hope 
not the last one. Bro. Miller also preached four sermons 
while here.—/. C. Stayer, Jan. 18. 


New Hope.— We commenced a series of meetings on Sun- 
day night, Jan. 7. The home ministers are doing the preach- 
ing. The interest seems to be increasing. We expect some 
help from surrounding congregations soon.—/ W. Lovegrove, 
Jonesboro, Tenn.,Jan. //. 


Roanoke.— At our quarterly council, held Jan. 13. but very 
little business came before the meeting. We expect to en- 
large our meetinghouse in the spring. We decided to hold a 
series of meetings commencing the early part of February. 
Bro. John A. Dove, of Cloverdale, Va., has been requested to 
do the preaching for as.— Joseph H. Murray, Jan. 16. 

Spring Creek.— We have some good news for you. Bro. I. 
J. Rosenberger closed his meetings in the Beaver Creek con- 
gregation Jan. 11. Forty have been received by baptism and 

Jan. 27, 1900. 



there are still others to be baptized. We will give a full re- 
port later. — M. B. Miller, Jan. 16. 


North Yakima. — We are pushing the work in this field as 
fast as possible, but we find it a little hard to go right out 
among entire strangers, and those not members, and start up 
the work. We meet a good deal of opposition, yet we find a 
good many that like to hear the plain Gospel preached. Yes- 
terday wife and I drove up the Natchez River about eight 
miles to the Congregational church, where I preached to a 
house full of attentive listeners. There are five valleys all 
centering here at North Yakima, and they are all settled with 
an intelligent class of people. Now if I could find five minis- 
ters to move out here, and buy or rent a farm, one in each val- 
ley, we could, in a few years, have a church in each valley, 
with North Yakima as a central point. We have a goodly land 
and many souls to be saved. Who will come and possess the 
land for the Lord?— /. U. G. Stiverson, Jan. ij. 

Stlverson. — Our quarterly council was held at the home of 
Bro. J. B. Simmons Jan. 6. All the members were present but 
one. Bro. M. F. Woods presided. The necessary officers 
were elected. Some arrangements were made for the rebuild- 
ing of our church. This will be done in the near future. We 
had some good talks by brethren Simmons and Woods. Sister 
Olive O'Neal will be the church correspondent hereafter. — Attn 
C. Castle, Fulda, Wash., Jan. 13. 


Bean Settlement. — We have preaching every second and 
fourth Sunday by brethren A. W. Arnold and L. A. Riggle- 
man. We have social meeting every Thursday night. — Laura 
S. Poland, Kirby, IV. Va.Jan. ig. 

Harman.— We met in council Jan. 13. Eld. Jonas Fike was 
with us and preached three very interesting sermons. — Cora 
Harman, Jan. 10. 


Barron.— Jan. 4 Bro. C. P. Rowland met with us and gave us 
a two weeks' series of meetings, preaching seventeen sermons. 
Seven came out and gave their hearts to God. The attend- 
ance was good.— V. P. JVassam, Jan. ig. 

having some one to care for it. The people say they like to 
hear the Brethren preach, because they preach so much Gos- 
pel. There is a hungering after that kind of preaching. We 
are greatly in need of ministerial help, since Bro. Thomas is 
not able to assist. He is quite poorly; he has not preached for 
over three months. In his behalf I solicit the prayers of the 
faithful. We are very anxious to have brethren and sisters 
locate among us who will earnestly contend for the faith. 
Come and go with us. You can do us good and we may do 
you good, We have a fine farming country; the winters are 
mild. Stephen Johnson. 

NtzPerce, Idaho, Jan. 10. 


" Write what thou seeat. and send it unto the churches,' 

^"Church News solicited for this Department. H you have had a good 
meeting, send a report of it, 30 that others may rejoice with you. In writing, 
give name of church, county and state. Be brief. Notes of Travel should be 
as brief as possible. Land or other advertisements are not solicited for this 
department, Our advertising columns afford ample room for that purpose. 



From Beaver Creek, Va. 

We closed, Jan. 10, one of the greatest revival meetings ever" 
held in the Beaver Cr,eek congregation, The meeting was 
conducted by Bro. I. J. Rosenberger, of Covington, Ohio. 
Thus far forty have been received into the church, ranging in 
age from about eleven to fifty-five years of age. There are still 
other applicants for baptism. The interest kept on increasing 
to the last. Our large house came very near being filled at 
both night and day meetings. A more impressive scene was 
never witnessed in the Beaver Creek church than on the day 
our meeting closed. When the invitation was given, thirty 
came forward. Baptism was administered in Bro. A. B. Glick's 
mill dam, situated about three miles from the church. Almost 
the entire congregation went to the water. The road was 
crowded with horses and buggies for about half the distance. 
The dam covers about one fourth of an acre and was almost 
surrounded with people who had assembled to witness the 
scene. Some were weeping and others rejoicing. Some, too, 
made sport. Bro. A. S. Thomas did the baptizing. Out of the 
thirty he baptized twenty-nine before he came up out of the 

Our meeting closed too soon. We believe if the meeting 
would have continued one week longer.jhere would have been 
a score or more added to the list, but owing to other engage- 
ments Bro. Rosenberger had to close the meeting. He was 
with us three weeks lacking one day, He preached thirty 
well-directed sermons. Bro, Solomon Cline conducted a sing- 
ing class during the first week of the meetings, which added 
much interest to our meeting. Some of the members met on 
Sunday night to organize a Bible class. Bro. A. S. Thomas 
was chosen as our teacher, We decided to take up the Sun- 
day-school lessons, beginning with the first of the year. The 
Brethren at Montezuma have also organized a Bible class, and 
will sflidy the Sunday-school lessons. M. B. Miller. 

Sfiring Creek, Va, 

The Close of 1899* 

Dec. 31 ten were added to our number by baptism; also one 
by letter. Bro. Faw, of Grafton, baptized a sister a few weeks 
before. Six of those baptized are heads of families. We had 
great reason for rejoicing, Our quarterly council occurred 
Jan. 6, All business was disposed of in a very satisfactory 
manner. We raised about £12 for the India sufferers. We al- 
so decided to put forth an effort to build a house of worship 
the coming season, if the Lord will. I believe the more suc- 
cessful way to do mission work is to go out into new fields and 
organize churches by staying right by the work. I discover 
that the seed sown by traveling ministers suffers much by not 

The Dedication at Washington, D. C. 

The dedication was a glorious meeting, far beyond our ex- 
pectation. The Lord gave us a beautiful day and the Brother- 
hood a comfortable, convenient and cheerful churchhouse. 
Brethren I. J. Rosenberger, A. B. Barnhart, T. T. Myers, D. B. 
Senger, G. G. Lehmer, and C. H, Balsbaugh assisted in the 
services. Eld. I. J. Rosenberger preached the dedicatory ser- 
mon at 11 A. M. to a large and attentive audience. At 3 P. M. 
Bro. C. H. Balsbaugh gave us an inspiring talk. At 6: 45 Bro. 
J.J. Ellis, of Baltimore, conducted the Bible reading, and at 
7:45 Eld. I.J. Rosenberger again preached to an interested 
congregation. After this meeting Bro. J. A. Garber (who was 
elected to the ministry on Saturday evening) was, with his 
wife, installed. 

Thus ended Jan. 14.— a day long to be remembered. But 
how shall we express our gratitude to the General Mission 
Board, who set in motion this important work? How shall we 
thank our beloved Brotherhood for the means to build this 
comfortable churchhome? We are also under great obliga- 
tions to the building committee, brethren S. F. Sanger, A. B. 
Barnhart, M. C. Flohr, Dr. Brumbaugh, and E. M. Bish, for 
their labors, and especially to Eld. A. B. Barnhart, who, with 
Bro. Sidney Hunt (the builder), was appointed to superintend 
the work. He spent much of his time here, assisting Bro. 
Hunt in buying the material and in the building of the house, 
You, who are not acquainted with the laws regulating the erec- 
tion of buildings in this city, know not what a trying time they 
had to comply with all the conditions. Notwithstanding all 
this they succeeded in building a house which is giving the 
best of satisfaction. Could the Brotherhood enter into our 
feelings, as we worship in the new sanctuary, they would real- 
ize more fully our gratitude tor what they have done for us. 
We cannot by words express our appreciation but hope, by 
God's help, to be able to plant the truth in this great city that, 
in days to come, you, who have helped in this good work, may 
be richly compensated for the sacrifice you have made. 

Were it not for the debt yet resting on the Building Commit- 
tee, the church there could feel that their very difficult and 
responsible work is completed. The question arises, "How 
long must they carry this burden? " An immediate response 
from all over the Brotherhood would at once relieve them, and 
give you, with us, an unencumbered churchhome. The mem- 
bers of the Washington church return their most sincere and 
heartfelt thanks to the Brotherhood for this precious gift. 

Albert Hollinger, 

Jan. ij. 

lola Mission, lota, Kans. 

We are now located in this city and have taken charge of 
the work here. We are very favorably impressed with the 
work and future prospects. Our hospital is now in working 
order, with bright prospects before it. 

Our mission work among the poor is already bearing fruit. 
The Sunday school is very interesting, with Sister Wine as 
superintendent, and an average attendance of thirty-five,— all, 
or nearly so, of children clothed by our mission. We are in 
need of funds to carry on the good work. 

Jan. 16, about 10 P. M., a poor sick girl, of whom we bad 
taken charge, became anxious about her soul's welfare. The 
physicians had all given her up, saying she could not live until 
morning. She requested baptism and anointing. We pro- 
cured a large bath tub, which was placed in a warm room, and 
then we baptized her, and with wonderful strength and faith 
she praised God. She was put back in her bed, after. which 
she was anointed, During the singing she also praised God in 
song, — something she had not done for a longtime. She is 
now on the road to recovery. 

There are now fifteen members in lola, with good prospects 
for a further ingathering. We expect to hold regular preach- 
ing services in the court house; also Sunday school and prayer 
meeting twice a week. We have an earnest band of workers, 
and we confidently look for a continuation of God's blessings, 

Address me in the future at lola. W. H. Miller. 

Hospital Box, lola, /Cans., Jan. 31. 

From Tekoa, Wash. 

Since my arrival here I have visited most of the members, 
and find them strong in the faith. Some have been here for 
twenty years, and have heard very little preaching outside of 
what the Messenger brought them. They say if it bad not 
been for the food and the encouragements they received from 
the Messenger they might have gone worldward long ago. 
Our efforts are often more appreciated than we know of. To 
me the Messenger has always been very precious and more 
especially when I get away Irom church privileges. I always 

enjoy the first page and read that first. The preacher's de- 
partment has become very interesting to me now. It gives 
much help to the young minister. It is all good, and, like the 
food we eat, there are some things we relish at times more than 
at other times. The Messenger contains more solid reading 
matter for the money than any religious journal we have ever 
seen, and is all the time improving. D. M. Click. 

From Sweden. 

Perhaps it will be of interest to tell the readers of the Mes- 
senger how we spent Christmas here in Copenhagen. The 
first and the second Christmas Days were spent in District 
Meeting at Malmo. We enjoyed this very much. The last 
day of the old year we had a Sunday-school meeting. We had 
sixty children at the exercises. All was gladness and peace. 
Twenty children were presented stockings for constant at- 
tendance and diligence. The rest received a little gift by 
which each one was made glad. Afterwards they were served 
with coffee and cakes. Most of the children have poor homes. 

The Lord has blessed us with many fruits of our labor here 
in Sunday school. Two girls, twelve and thirteen years old, 
respectively, have come out on the Lord's side. They are 
with us in our prayer meeting and take much interest in the 
work. All enjoy these services very much. A prayer of theirs 
I will repeat here: " Dear Father, in the name of our Lord Je- 
sus, will I also pray to thee! All praise and thanks be to thee, 
that I, a great sinner, have found salvation! O Father wilt 
thou bless me and cleanse my heart, that the Holy Spirit may 
dwell there." Brethren and sisters, pray for us, that this new 
year may bring a bounteous harvest. K. M, Jorgensen. 

Estlandsgode 2, 1 Sol Kjobetthogen, V. 

From the Salem Church, Oregon. 

Dec. 31 Bro. M. M. Eshelman began a Bible school at the 
Bethel house, six miles east of Salem. Bro. S. H. Miller, of 
Sunnyside, Wash., came to assist in the meetings Jan. 1 and 
remained with us about ten days. Although his health was 
poor he did most of the preaching, after Bro. Eshelman taught 
the Bible class. It was the most soul-inspiring meeting we 
ever attended. Every church ought to have a class of two or 
three weeks. 

Bro. Eshelman gave us fifteen lessons on the life of Christ, 
and his teachings were brought out so plain that the children 
could understand, as well as the older ones. Good seed was 
sown in the hearts of the people and the harvest will be by and 
by. Much good was done also by the associating with our vis- 
iting ministers around the fireside. for more such laborers 
in the vineyard of the Master! 

Bro. Eshelman rests with his family one week and then goes 
to Ashland, Oregon, to continue in this great work of teaching 
God's Word. Nora White. 

Macleay, Oregon, Jan. 16. 

The Northwestern Oregon Mission. 

Our first meetings in this field were poorly attended. A 
strong wave of the imaginary " spirit of sanctification " was 
said to have swept over this country during the last year. 
This with all the other difficulties, that mission workers are 
generally called to face, seemed to be somewhat of a hin- 
drance, but by the grace of God our earnest efforts have been 
rewarded at the four points of preaching, until our congrega- 
tions have increased from five and six at the start, to good- 
sized aufliences. 

As wife and I are, as yet, the only members in the county 
(Yamhill), we earnestly request that many earnest workers for 
Christ locate with us and preach Christ to the people in this 
vicinity. We have a good climate, rich soil, etc. Who will 
come? Does not the Spirit say, Come? Geo. C. Carl. 

Ne-wburg, Oregon, Jan. if. 

To the Churches of the District of Nebraska. 

The Mission Board held a two days' session Jan. 11 and 12, 
to look after the work of the District. 

There are many calls for help in preaching, and in a few 
cases ministers moved out of the churches, leaving the work 
altogether in the hands of the Board. Our evangelist is in the 
field, and good, successful meetings are reported. 

The Board finds that about Si,2co is needed to carry on the 
work through the year, including the starting of a mission in 
Lincoln. S. M. Forney, Clerk. 

Kearney, Nebr.,Jan. 18. 

From the Wood River Church, Nebr. 

Our series of meetings clossd Jan. 17 with two confessions. 
Others were counting the cost. We feel much encouraged 
with the interest manifested. Our attendance was usually 
large and regular. The weather being favorable, the memberi 
in the country were permitted to attend. While the results of 
the meetings were not immediate, we fcl that good seed has 
been sown and that God in his own way will give the increase. 
Our Sunday school is especially interesting, since the new year 
began. May the good work continue to prosper! All services 
are held at the Mission House, Avenue H, Sixteenth Street, 
Kearney, Nebr. Lottie P. Snavely. 

Jan. go. 



Jan. 27, 1900. 

From Lordsburg, Cal. 

f The following is written by special request. To-day our 
dear brother, I. N. H. Beahm, and his little family, took their 
leave of us. O how hard to say, "Good bye." He requests 
me to say through the Messhnger: (i) That be feels the pow- 
er of the many fervent prayers which have been offered to our 
Father in heaven in his behalf. (2) That he wishes to extend 
sincere thanks to all those who so kindly contributed of their 
earthly means, to meet his physical necessities. (3) He desires 
to express his gratitude for the many kind letters of sympathy 
and love which he received. 

The sun shines beautifully in the material world, but a 
gloom falls over us, as we see the train moving off with the 
dear little famiiy. The Father's will be done. The number of 
people at the station told our brother and his precious family 
how these people loved him. Let us pray for them still. I 

Jan- 13- A. Hutchison. 
• ♦ * 

" Burdens." 

A burden is something to be borne, something to be car- 
ried. Every human soul that is launched upon the sea of life 
is freighted with burdens. Some have a burden of toil and 
poverty. Others have a burden of care and riches, while many 
have a burden of pain and sickness. The question comes, 
" Why is this so? Why could not life have been all sunshine, 
and men and women live an easy, gay life, like birds and but- 
terflies do? " The answer is obvious. God had something bet- 
ter for man,— something to do and to bear that will develop 
character,— that will build character, — that will demonstrate 
the fact that man is not a mere machine. 

Christianity teaches men how to adjust themselves to cir- 
cumstances, how to bear their own burdens, as well as how to 
help other people bear theirs. 

We sometimes hear it said that there is a contradiction be- 
tween Gal. 6: i, " Bear ye one another's burdens and so fulfill 
the law of Christ," and the verse just a little farther along in 
the chapter, " For every man shall bear his own burden." But 
there is no contradiction if we look closely. In the first quota- 
tion reference is had to the previous verse, where it is shown 
how one brother who is true, and possessed of the right spirit, 
can be helpful to another one who needs spiritual help, even 
as Jesus ever taught them to do. By examining the references 
from that verse we see that spiritual help is referred to more 
than temporal aid,— a fact that is very often overlooked or 

In the second quotation, " For every man shall bear his own 
burden," the meaning seems to be, that every man is responsi- 
ble for the way he uses his gift or burden of life. While he 
has the chance to work out his own salvation with fear and 
trembling, at the time of final reckoning he must bear the bur- 
ies of his own electing, and cannot shift the responsibility 
then, for to his own Master he stands or falls. Even in the 
common experiences of life we can see how, and bow far, one 
person can bear another's burden. For instance, in sickness 
sympathy and tender care will go far toward alleviating pain, 
but, after all, the sick one must bear the pain alone. There 
are joys in life in which a stranger may not meddle, and bitter- 
ness that is only known to the one who drains the cup. 

A very fitting conclusion of this subject is found in Ps. 55:22, 
"Cast thy burden on the Lord and he shall sustain thee; he 
shall never suffer the righteous to be moved." The references 
from the first part of this verse point to Christ's own words of 
promise in regard to food and raiment. The latter part refers 
to man's spiritual state and needs: "Though he fall he shall 
not be utterly cast down; for the Lord upholdeth him with his 
right band." It was this almighty hand that upheld*Paul in his 
extremity of suffering and persecution, and enabled him to 
say, " None of these things move me." The same support is 
offered now to all who will live godly in Christ Jesus. 

Fanny Morrow. 

sand could not have been baptized at Pentecost in one day! 
There were at least eighty-two administrators there. The 
three thousand could easily have been baptized by trine im- 
mersion in less than one hour's time. 

I arrived home safely Jan. 8, and found all well, for which we 
feel thankful. I realise, since at home, that I am needing rest. 
While at work ihe inspiration kept me up. I have to meet 
other engagements, however, if spared. I feel as Bro. J. H. 
Miller expressed himself in Gospel Messenger, in a late is- 
sue. We are in need of evangelists. Too many prefer to stay 
at home, enjoy their families, the warm fireside and so forth, 
but the Master has said, "Go ye." To obey means sacrifice. 
May there bean awakening along the line! 

Reuben Shroyer. 
Canton, Ohio, Jan. 11. 

From North Manchester, Ind. 

Bro. W. R. Deeter came to us Jan. 6, and preached three 
soul-cheering sermons. Monday was our special Sunday- 
school day, which was a very pleasant one indeed. Many 
good talks were given. 

Monday evening Bro. J. S. Secrist preached to a well-filled 
chapel. On Tuesday Bro. D. L. Miller accompanied by his 
brother, W. R.Miller, came to us with his Bible scenes and 
talks. It was his purpose to give one talk each day, but the 
interest was so great that the chapel would not hold the im- 
mense crowds. Not until three daily talks on the same sub- 
ject were given by Bro. 'Miller could the listeners be satisfied. 
Not less than 2,000 people were in daily attendance to these 
talks. Even then some were compelled to return home be- 
cause the chapel was filled to its utmost. 

Sunday morning we had a very good Sunday school, num- 
bering over three hundred. After Sunday school Bro. D. L. 
Miller'preached to a full house of attentive listeners. Sunday 
evening Bro. W. R. Miller gave us a good sermon. 

Monday, Jan. 15, was " Missionary Day." The following 
subjects were well discussed: "History of Missions," " His- 
tory of Missions in the Brethren Church," "Will We Occupy 
the Field?" " Who is Ready to Go?" "What Part has the 
Laity in the Mission Work?" 

This also closed Bro. Miller's work among us. Surely the 
past week has been a real spiritual feast to those in and 
around Manchester. Bro. I. B. Trout will preach for us each 
evening this week; also give us some special instruction on 
doctrinal points. Monday, Jan. 22, is " Ministerial Day." 

L. G. Witter. 
Jan. 16. 

•'Shot in the Back." 

holier bond of love and sympathy uniting our hearts in Chris- 
tian fellowship. 

The awakening in our beloved Brotherhood along the line of 
active work for the Master is indeed marvelous. Surely his 
Spirit has prevailed among us. But let us not think that the 
end is reached or the work done. We have not even yet 
caught a glimpse of the immensity of the field, or the vastness 
of the work. 

Millions, yes hundreds of millions, are yet untouched and un- 
reached. We hold in our hand the Word of Life with the 
flaming command, " Go," behind it. 

Let us step boldly out upon the unfailing promises of God, 
and then learn that from the cradle to the grave we have but 
one mission in life,— to "be about our Father's business." 

», , „ „ H. Dora Flory. 

7/5 North Payson St., Jan. /j. 

Two Destinations. 

Ottawa, A'aris. 

The Sisters' Aid Society, Mohican, 111. 

We organized our aid society last March with seven mem- 
bers and have had a steady growth, until at present we have 
twenty-one on the roll. We meet once a month and make 
quilts, comforters, clothing, etc. We also sew for $1 a day for 
any one that has sewing to do. We sell most of our goods. 
We also shipped a barrel of goods to the Chicago mission. 

Our hope is to accomplish a greater work during the coming 
year than in the past. By our efforts we may be the means of 
saving many souls. Dear sisters, let us press on in this good 
worki Lydia Lehman. 

Lattasburg, Ohio. 

From the Field. 

By request of the brethren and sisters of the Lower Cumber- 
land church, Pa., I began meetings at Hogestown on the even- 
ing of Dec. 4, and preached nineteen sermons to large and at- 
tentive congregations. Two were made willing to accept 
Christ and were baptized. Many were almost persuaded. Oh, 
what a pity that people will resist the drawings of the Spirit! 

•From this point I was taken to Boiling Springs, a quiet vil- 
lage of several hundred inhabitants. I preached twenty-two 
sermons at this point. Eight were willing to walk with the 
people of God. Sunday afternoon, Jan. 7, they were baptized 
in Boiling Springs. This is decidedly the nicest place toad- 
minister baptism I ever saw. Here I baptized eight in twelve 
minutes' time. How absurd the argument that the three thou- 

Picking up a daily paper this evening I noticed the above 
headline. It is shocking to think any one should be so insane 
as to shoot another and so cowardly as to shoot in the back. 
But there are a great many moral cowards who go about shoot- 
ing their neighbors and brethren in the back, Their tongue is 
a weapon, aDd a repeater at that. Their heart is a magazine 
and their eyes are constantly on the lookout for an opportunity 
tofire. Let any one make a mistake or but give evidence of 
weakness and— bang— goes the tongue. If the mistake is not 
made, the weapon is in time used anyhow, apparently to try to 
induce the mistake. 

How much time is used by too many of us in watching for a 

chance to shoot in the back! In the instance reported in the 

daily, referred to above, the perpetrator escaped under cover 

of the darkness of the night, and rain so obliterated the trail 

that the best bloodhouuds were baffled and unable to follow 

the murderer. But there is an Eye that will surely follow 

those who murder good names and wound good motives. He 

will unerringly visit retribution sometime upon those of us who 

"talk behind the back." To shoot the gallant enemy who is 

approaching in front is wrong. To exhibit open opposition to 

an avowed enemy is not always best. But to tear down the 

character of friend or enemy when they cannot see or hear us, 

is blameworthy indeed. N. R, Baker. 

Whistler, Ala. 

■ ♦ ■ 

From Dunning's Creek, Pa. 

My recent visit to the above-named place brought me much 
pleasure, and I trust the work done was acceptable to God 
and man. 

This congregation is situated in the western part of Bedford 
County, Pa. ( and embraces a territory of about ten mites in 
width and thirty miles in length. Here the church was organ- 
ized many years ago. From here many members have re- 
moved to other congregations and because of this, in part, at 
least, the church has never become large. This church is pre- 
sided over by Eld. Jno. B. Miller, with Levi Rogers and Geo. 
Miller as co-workers. The members, now numbering eighty- 
five to ninety, seem to be at peace with each other and are in 
the order of the Brotherhood. A bright prospect seems to be 
before them. A good minister locating among them would be 
much appreciated. S. S. Blough. 

Joh?istown, Pa., Jan. jj. 

When on a long journey we are generally anxious to reach 
our destination and to meet our friends. Will it be so when we 
complete our journey through life? We hope it will. 

There are only two stopping places when our life's journey 
is over. Let us ask ourselves the question, What is out desti- 
nation? Are we traveling the narrow way that leads to eter- 
nal life,— where the gate stands ajar for all the redeemed, and 
where a voice from within says, " Enter thou into the joy of thy 
Lord " ? Or are we permitting ourselves to travel the broad 
road that leads to everlasting destruction? At one of these 
destinations we have to stop some day. 

A man once was asked why he did not join the church. He 
asked, " Where is the church? I have been looking for it for 
some time. There are so many signboards up that lead to 
heaven, that I do not know where to turn off from the broad 
way to the narrow. Each sign says, ' This is the right way to 
heaven.' " 

Let us take our Bibles with us, compare each signboard with 
our Bibles and see where we stand. When we come to the 
one that fits the Bible, let us turn m that way, and travel until 
we reach our destination, where there is a place prepared for 
the faithful. w. P. Crumpacker. 

Cloverdale, Va. 

From the Mission Field of Middle Indiana. 

For the encouragement of the missionary spirit in Middle 
Indiana I would state that I am now in the Beaver Creek 
church (formerly Winnamac.) The outlook at this point is 
certainly encouraging. The work here has been under the su- 
pervision of the Mission Board for some time, and goes to 
show what can be done when an effort has been ^irarrly 
made. The people in this part of the State are in n^fratc 
circumstances. Because of the perversions of popular (Chris- 
tianity they take to our doctrine. 

I have been sent here by the Mission Board to hold a series 
of meetings. Five have made the good confession and the 
end is not yet. During the year about twenty have been re- 
ceived into this congregation, which is not a bad showing for a 
mission point only having preaching once a month. 

What is being done here by Middle Indiana only goes to 
show what might be done in many other localities. And as the 
Secretary of Middle Indiana is calling for funds, let us be en- 
couraged by the above results and send in our mite. 

Jan. ij. ^ 

The Des Moines City Mission. 

From the Northwest Baltimore Mission. 

We begin the new year with a renewed consecration of our 
lives to the Master's service, with a deeper and more over- 
whelming sense of our obligations to the kind Father above, of 
the great opportunities opening before us, and with a stronger, 

Personal effort of self and wife from Nov. 1 to Jan. 9: Self 
made one hundred and sixty-nine calls, attended nineteen 
preaching services, preached fifteen sermons, attended ten 
Sunday schools, eight prayer meetings and ten children's 
meetings. Wife made forty calls, attended nineteen preach- 
ing services, nine prayer meetings, ten Sunday schools and ten 
children's meetings. Received into our home seventy-one per- 
sons, gave one hundred and eighteen meals and forty-seven 
lodgings. We start into 1900 with bright prospects for our 
capital city mission. In addition to the other reinforcements 
we have received, we have more representatives of Mt. Morris 
college and also from Plattsburg. Three of our ministers are 
now living in the city; also two deacons, There is plenty of 
room for more. Sister Lydia E. Taylor spent two Sundays 
with us, recently, and gave us some interesting talks. 

H. R. Taylor, 
/S37 E. Grand Avenue. 

From Lordsburg, Cal. 

We are now at this place trying to move, and also to prompt 
ethers to move, but human nature is much the same in every 
country. I meet with people who tell me the weather is too 
warm to hold a series of meetings, and when I hear that I ex- 
pect to meet with very thick ice. Again, I hear people say, 
"The weather is pretty cold, but we want some meetings." 
Then I expect a warm meeting. Here it is neither too hot nor 
too cold, — lukewarmness might get a footing. But I must say, 
I love the people in this country. I love the mild and genial 
climate. I love to work for the Lord here or anywhere else. 
If only we could all see the propriety of working to have the 
Lord's will obtain, instead of our own. 

A. Hutchison, 
Jan. 13. 

Jan. 27, 1900. 


^JMATm M ON I AL -^=- 

"What therefore God hath joined together, let not 
man put asunder." 

EDABURN-HEEFNER.-At the home of 
the bride, Brother and Sister D. W. Heefner, 
near Toddville, Iowa, Jan. 3, 1900, by the un- 
dersigned, Mr. Bert Edaburn and Sister Mary 
Heefner, both of the same place. 

D. W. Miller. 

ELLER— WENGER.— At the bride's resi- 
dence, in Gardner, Kans,, Jan. 14, 1900, Bro. 
John F. Eller and Sadie L. Wenger, both of 
the East Maple Grove church. I, H. Crist. 

F1KE — BOWERS. - At the home of the 
groom, near Sabetha, Nemaha Co., Kans., Dec. 
24, 1900, by the undersigned, Bro. Norman R. 
Fikeand Sister Susie Bowers, both of Sabetha, 
Kans. R, A. Yoder. 

FRANCIS — ZUG. — At the home of the 
bride's father, in Lebanon, Pa., Jan. 1 1, 1900, by 
the undersigned, Bro. Jay G. Francis, of Oaks, 
Montgomery Co., Pa., and sister Mary F. Zug, 
of Lebanon, Pa. John Herr. 

SENGER — CLICK. — At the Brethren 
church, Washington, D. C, Jan. n, 1000, Bro. 
D. B. Senger, of Franklin Grove, 111., and Sis- 
ter Martha Click, of Washington, D. C. 

Albert Hollinger. 

WRAY — BLACK. — At the home of the 
bride's mother, by the undersigned, Mr. James 
A. Wray, of Pleasant Hill, Kans., and Sister 
Hannah Black, of Overbrook, Kans. 

Chas. W. Shoemaker. 


'' Blessed are the dead which die in the Lord." 

ANTHONY.— In the Fairview congregation, 
Mo., Jan. II, 1900, Sister Louisa Anthony, aged 
50 years, g. months and 19 days. Sister An- 
thony was born in Wythe County, Va. She 
joined thtf M. E. church in early years, but 
aityJ with' the brethren church in 1885. She 
"\s lm mo'-W^Rf eight children, of whom six 
e still livingX^Services by Bro. J. B. Shank. 
Sadie Shank. 
BOYTS.— At her son's. P. E. Boyts, in Gosh- 
en, Ind., Dec. 14, 1899, Mary Boyts, nee Rens- 
perger, wife of Philip Boyts. She was born in 
Somerset County, Pa. Her husband preceded 
her some years. Eight children, seven sons 
2nd one daughter were born to them. Five 
are still living. They moved to Ohio in 1861,— 
to Indiana in 1864. She united with the 
church about forty-five years ago, and re- 
mained faithful. Services by the writer. 
Text, Rom. 8: I. I. L. Berkev. 

CRIST.— At Belknap, Davis Co., Iowa, Jan. 
10, 1900, of consumption, John W. Crist. He 
was born Sept. 4, 1867, in Clark County, Ohio. 
He was the son of Joel and Elenor Crist. He 
leaves a wife and eight children. 

Elenor Davis. 

COOPER.— In the bounds of the Four Mile 
church, Ind., Jan. 4, 1900, Susannah Cooper, 
nee Flora, aged 80 years, 2 months and 7 days. 
She was born in Franklin County, Va., and 
came to Ohio with her parents when but a 
child. She was married to Benjamin Cooper 
March 4, 1837. To this union four children 
were born. The husband and one son preced- 
ed her. She leaves three brothers, two sisters 
and three daughters. She united with the 
Brethren church about forty-eight years ago, in 
which faith she died. Services by elders Jacob 
Rife and Carey Toney. 

Sallie D. Lohrer. 

EARLY.— In the Cook's Creek congregation, 
near Pleasant Valley, Va., Jan. 5, 1900, of par- 
alysis, Bro. Abraham Early, aged 85 years, 1 1 
months and 2 days. He was a consistent 
member of the Brethren church. He was mar- 
ried twice. He leaves a wife, six children, 
and many relatives. Services at Pleasant Run 
by Eld. J. M. Kagy from John 14: 1, assisted by 
Bro. P. S. Thomas. Interment in the Early 
graveyard. s. I. Bowman. 

ELDRIDGE.— In the Cedar Lake church, 
Ind., Nov. 7, 1809, Bro. Benjamin Franklin El- 
dridge, aged 35 years, 11 months and 28 days. 
Aug. 26, 1888, he was united in marriage with 
Sister Barbara Ellen Haynes. Two sons and 
two daughters were born to them. Bro. El- 
dredge was one of our workers in the church 
and Sunday school. Services by Eld. James 
Barton, assisted by the writer. J. H. Elson, 



GALLEY.— In the George's Creek church, 
near Masontown, Pa., Jan. lo, igoo, of paraly* 
sis, Bro. Jonathan Galley, aged 87 years, 10 
months and 14 days. He was united in mar 
riage to Annie Johnson, who still survives him. 
He united with the Brethren church in 1887, 
always being faithful and firm, contributing 
liberally to the church. He leaves a wife and 
nine children. Services by the writer from Ps. 
2 3 : 4- Alpheus DeBolt. 

GILBERT.— In the Yellow Creek church, 
Stephenson Co., 111., Jan. 3, 1900, Susan Gilbert] 
aged 82 years, 2 months and 26 days. De- 
ceased was born Oct. 7, 1817, in Bucks County, 
Pa. Her husband preceded her about ten 
years ago. Services by brethren W. K. Moore 
and Jacob Delp from Rev. 14: 10. 

D. J. Blocher. 
HALL.— In the Blue Creek church, Ind., 
Jan. 2, 1900, Edna Fern Hall, aged 10 years, 2 
months and 16 days. Services by the writer, 
assisted by Bro. James Harp, from Matthew 
18: 3. She was beloved by all that knew her. 
Jacob Heestand. 
HIATT. — In the bounds of the Summit 
church, Ind., Dec. 26, 1899, Sylvestus Hiatt, 
aged 40 years, 1 month and 15 days. Deceased 
was married to Flora May, daughter of Thom- 
as and Harriet C, Lamb, Sept. 4, 1886, who 
preceded him March 29, 1895. To this union 
were born three sons, Ernest, Everet, and Ira 
T. Hiatt, all of whom survive him. Deceased 
was a kind, indulgent father and husband, and 
a friend to every one. He leaves a father, 
mother, one brother and five sisters. Services 
Dec. 28, by Eld. I. J. Howard. Text, John 
II; 2g - Lizzie Hollis. 

HUNSAKER— In the bounds of the Fair 
view congregation, Mo., Dec. 25, 1899, son of 
Frank and Margaret Hunsaker, aged 10 months 
and 18 days. Services by Bro. J. B. Shank. 
Sadie Shank. 
HOWELL— In the Salem church, Kans., 
Jan. 3, 1900, infant son of F. M. and M. L. 
Howell. Services conducted by Bro. M. Kel- 
>«• L. E. Fahrney. 

KEYSER.— In Elkhart County, Ind., Dec. 
30, 1809, John Keyser, aged 69 years, and 3 
months. Deceased was born in Westmoreland 
County, Pa., Sept. 30, 1830. He was married to 
Julian Blough, Oct. 30, 1853. He came to Elk- 
hart County, Ind., in 1869, where be resided 
most of his time until his death. He leaves a 
wife and seven children. Two children pre- 
ceded him. He was a member of the Brethren 
church for thirty-five years. Services in the 
new Goshen City house. Text, 1 Thess. 3: 14. 
I! L. Bbrkey. 

Ira and Sister Hattie Lent!, aged 2 years, 4 
months and 18 days. He met his death by the 
explosion of a coal oil lamp. Services by the 
B «=l°ren. Josiah Ebv. 

MANNING.-In Whitesville, Mo., Jan. 1, 
1900, Susannah Malvina Manning, nee Krouse, 
She was born in Washington County, Tenn.[ 
May s, 1828. She was married to M. C. Man- 
ning in 1846, and came to Missouri in 1872. 
Eleven children blessed this union. Five are 
still living. She was a gfeat sufferer for sev- 
eral months. She was a faithful wife, a loving 
mother, a friend to all, and to know her was to 
love her. In 1859 she united with the Brethren 
church, in which faith she lived and died. 
Services at the Baptist church by Eld. J. B. 
Kearby. Interment in the Whitesville ceme- 
'">'■ M01.LIE L. Tavlor. 

MOHLER.— In the Covington church, Ohio, 
Nov. 11, 1899, of typhoid fever, Bro. Levi S. 
Mohler, aged 55 years, 1 month and 4 days. 
He was married to Hannah Cable March 18, 
1871. Five children were born to this union, 
two sons and three daughters. One son and 
one daughter preceded him. He leaves a 
wife, one son and two daughters. Bro. Mohler 
and wife joined the Brethren church Oct. 20, 
1871. The deceased proved a devoted and 
faithful member, serving as deacon for about 
fifteen years. Services in the Covington house 
by Bro. Wm. H. Boggs, assisted by Bro. John 
Christian. Interment in Highland cemetery. 
Matiie B. Boggs. 


daughters. She united with the Brethren 
church in 1870, and lived a devoted and faith- 
ful member till death. She leaves one son and 
four daughters. Her husband, one son and 
one daughter preceded her. Services at the 
Union church, 2K miles north of Covington, 
by Bro. Wm. H. Boggs, assisted by Bro. Joseph 
GroH - Mattie B. Boggs. 

WALTON.-In the Danville congregation, 
Knox Co., Ohio, Jan. 6, 1000, Bro. Jacob Wal- 
ton, aged 78 years, 2 months and 26 days. De- 
ceased was born in Rockingham County, W. 
Va., Oct. 10, 1820. He has been a member of 
the Brethren church for many years. He 
leaves a companion and seven children. Serv- 
ices by the writer at his home near Danville. 
Text, Job 5:26. C.J. Workman. 

■At Centerview, Mo„ Jan. 13, iqoo, 
Bro. E. B. Repp, aged 79 years, 9 months and 
24 days. He was born in Frederick County, 
Md„ March 12, 1820. June 3, 1845, he was 
united in marriage with Susanna Wolfe, of the 
same County. Four sons and three daughters 
blessed their union. All are yet living. In 
1847 he and his wife united with the Brethren 
church and remained faithful to their promise. 
Services by Bro. Levi Mohler. 

J. H. Hering. 
SULLENBERGER.— In the Lancaster City, 
Pa., church, Jan. 5, 1900, Sister Louisa Sullen- 
berger, aged 64 years, 3 months, and 8 days. 
Our sister had been calling on the sick at 8 P. 
M., and at 10:30 was a corpse, having died in 
her husband's arms. Services by the writer 
assisted by Bro. J. W. Myer, from the words of 
Isa. 38: 1, "Set thine house in order, for thou 
shah die and not live," T, F. Imler. 

SCHELLER,— In the Long Meadow church, 
Md., Dec. 27, 1809, Bro. Daniel Scheller, aged 
68 years, 5 months and 27 days. Services by 
Bro. W. S. Reichard and D. M. Baker. 

John H. Miller 
TELLER— In Conway Springs, Kans., Jan. 
12, 1900, of a complication of diseases, Bro. 
Thomas Teller, aged 27 years and 2 months. 
Bro. Teller was born and raised in Keokuk 
County, Iowa. He was married to Lovie An- 
na Bailey, of the same place, Sept. 26, 1894. 
To this union were born three sons, the young- 
est of whom preceded him to the spirit 
world a little over a year ago. He leaves a 
sorrowing widow (a sister) and two sons. In 
September, 1808, he was taken with typhoid fe- 
ver, from which he never fully recovered. He 
came to this neighborhood last August and 
united with the Brethren Sept. 26, 1899. He 
continued a faithful member until death. 
Services by Eld. John Wise, assisted by other 
Brethren, from Rev. 7: 9-17. 

J. M. Obenchain, 
WEAVER.— Near Brimfield, Ind., in the 
Springfield church, Jan. 10, 1000, Sister Susan 
(Towns) Weaver, wife of Eld. Christian Weav- 
er, aged 72 years and 11 months. She was 
born in Stark County, Ohio, Feb. 11, 1827, came 
to Indiana in 1850, and was married Sept. 20, 
1851. They united with the church, October, 
1854, and were present at the organization of 
the Springfield church, in 1855, of which they 
have been faithful members ever since. Only 
five of those pioneer members are left. Sister 
Weaver was the mother of five sons and one 
daughter. Two sons and the daughter died in 
infancy. Three sons are left. Sister Weaver 
was afflicted for several years. During her 
last illness she was anointed. She also gave 
instructions about her funeral. Services at the 
Weaver church by Eld. I. L. Berkey, from 2 
Tim. 4: 6-8. A. Ebey. 

WYSONG — Near Russia, Shelby County, 
Ohio, Jan. 4, 1000, Sister Lydia Wysong, nee 
Barnhart, aged 78 years, 3 months and 

Church Directory. 

Limited to three Htica lor cities of 30.000 or over. 

YORK PA.-Cor. Belvldere Ave. and King St. Serv- 
ces. Sunday, 10 A, M„ 7 P. M.; s. s„ o A. M.; Sons Serv- 
Ice, 6 P. M.; Prayer Meeting. Wednesday, 7: 30 P. M 

i„ MUNC ,'V'tf ) '- Co ''J". c . kllon ""> Council St. Serv- 
uSai ;. 3 ;/'. *'i' : w '■ .<!'■■ s ' s - !' X A, M., Bible 
KeadlnR, Wednesday. 7: 30 P. M. 

LOS ANGELES, CAL.-Channlng Street, between oth 
and i.tli StS Preaching, T . ,0 P. M„ 5. 5.. 3 p. J|. : Bible 
Reading, Thursday. 7: 30 P.M. 

13 Hastings St. Services, 11 A. 
A. M. 

BALTIMORE, MD.-South Baltimore Ml.slon, ,,08 
JS°" u'' 1 '-""i" £?'■"• Services each night. Free 
Reading Room. Scandinavian mooliu K s, Friday, 8 p. M 

DECATUR, 1,03, ,,05 N. W.ler 
St. S. S., 10 A. M.; preaching, 11 A. M.. 7. 30 P. M 

CEDAR RAPIDS. lOWA.-Cor. <th Ave. .nd ,.th St. 
Service., n A. M 7:30 P. M.; s. s\, .0 A. M.i Praia, 
Mooting, Wednesday evening. *^ 

DAYTON. OHIO.-College St. & ,th Ave. (West Side). 
?0USA■.S.t,: M M i p F^ M , ' ;^, • ^V ' C ' , ' "^ "■■ e "" U '»' 

BALTIMORE. MD. - Northwest Baltimore Mission, 
a'u '£u"!',"",i"," '''"'""" S'. S,Tvk,K, Sunday, o; lo 
A. M„ 8 P. M,; Bible Class, Wednesday, 8 P. M. 

DENVER, COLO -Cor. W. Mill Ave. and Irving St„o- 
S. S. 10 A. M.; Preaching. ,1 A. M\, Prayer Media- """"B 
P.M. rake west-bound Larimer Cnblc. of! at li f ac r ; s 

DES MOINES, IOWA.-.606 E. Lion S> , . 

Preaching. 11 A. M,, 8 P. M.; Chit' records Only 

includes those 

P. M.; Prayer Meeting. Thursday. 
LANCASTER. PA.— Charlotte 

p!M"Bib!fMce'lfu e '.' > Wed'n''iese statements are 

HARRISBURG, PA.-Wthren Chanel r„, „i n, 

All" ,"£ pVt" A ™I "-"'S I P-eac 1 g " ; 
A. M., 7: 30 P. M.; P-ayer Meeting, Wednesday evenlSg 

WASHINGTON,_D. C.-Co,ne, 4th Slree, and North 

'— ~.chiug, 11 A. M., 8 P. M.- 

Mci 1 no-:. ,- P. M. 

Carolina Avenue, _, 

5. 5., 10 A. M.; Young People' 

w S 'i.-. ft i l V > H - 1 " '- M «HnK every Sunday at lot 30 A. 

*'&^&^^l*&Jl™*™'i ^blocks ««. 

line in Walker'* Addition 

— jer Gay St. 
1 A.M.; Pleaching, 10: 45 A.M.. 7:3oP."M 

WA a N m' (ND -Corner Gay St. and Cratcn Ave. 
A. M.; Preaching, 10: 45 A. M„ 7: 30 P M * Bl- 
g. 6:30; Prayer Meeting, Wednesday,?: 30 P. M. 

READING, PA.-Church St. 30 A. M.. 7: 15 P. M.; ^. . 
Reading, Wednesday evening:; Prayi 


>ar Greenwich. Serv- 
S„ 0: 15 A. M.; Bible 

ting, Friday. 
,1193 Jd Ave. S.S„ 10 

A. M ; _ preaching ,11 A M.,'7: 30 P. M'.,~filble study,TuVs" 
day; Singing, Wednesday; Prayer 

ALTOONA, PA.-Cor. 6th A 

eeting, Friday, 

and Filth St. S. 5., 

„ '"if vv -'""i 1 r "--v.or. Din Ave. and filth St. S. S. 
0A.M.; preaching, 10: « 1 A. M., 7 P. M.; Bible study,' 6 P 
M,; Prayer meeting, Wednesday, 7:45 P. M. 

KANSAS CITY, KANS.-Corncr Central Ave. and oth 
M.; S. b., 10 A. M.: preach ng, u A. M,, 7- it P M • Prnu. 
ermeetfng, Thursday, H P. rf. " 7 4i r ' "" ™ y 

LOS ANGELES, CAL.-a3o S. Hancock St.. East Los 
Angeles. Services, 11 A. M.. 7: 30 P. M.; S. S„ 10 A. M 

MONTREAL CANADA - II0 Dolorimler Ave., near 
St. Lather ne. Services. S. S., 11 A, M.; Bible Class. 1 P. 
M.; preaching. 7 P. M.; prayer meeting, Wednesday EVg. 

YORK, PA.-Esst York Mission, EaBt Market Street. 
Services each Sunday, 

The Bible Outline. 

By E. S. TODNG. 

It contains twenty-two chapters, ninety-eight pages and 
a number of illustrations. The Bible is divided into 
twelve periods. All the Scripture, important events and 
cliiel characteis are given In their order in llii'«' periods. 
The book meets tiie t,'r.iuinc inturuM ol Bible study. It 
in used as a leAt-bo.ik in the home, Bible meetings, Bible 
Institutes, and the Bible School. 

Cardboard cover, single copy, 30 cents, prepaid; one 
dozen copies, 25 cents each, prepaid; one hundred copies, 
10 cents each. 

Cloth binding, single copy, 
copies, 35 cents each, prepaid 

Second edition. 

23 & 24 S. State St. Elgin, III. 

LENTZ.— In the Bear Creek church, Ohio, I She was married to Valentine Wysong 

Reduced in Size and Price, 

...Increased in Value. 

The Revised Edition 0! the Minutes ol the Annual 

Meeting. Only that part ol real working value contained 

in the book. 206 pages. Price, postpaid 75 cents. 



13 and 24 S. State St. Elgin, III. 


lot arrange to buy unless you cannot wait, until 
Jan. 8. .,00, Charles Warner Lent,, son of Br* I To this anion" we're' DOm'wo^aad 'nv"e I IZ^SZ^S^ZZZ!"" '° ""' "'""' 



Jan. 27, 1900, 

Financial Re ports. 

Mission Receipts from Jan. 13 to ao. 


jnated to this lund 
abroad as necessity demand" ' 
true basls.-to be used Where 
II will be well supported. 


[Money aN 

Z ZJcdedVandit la hoped that 

jS&VBEnt. westerns as 


Ptcvlouslv rtporlcd .f ".on >S 

FA.-Marringe notice. John Hcrr, So cent!; 
Lower Conowago Springs congregation, Sro.BS: 
Carrie Walker, Glade. I1.S1; a slater. Meyers- 
dale. 17.50; a brother.; « broth- 
er. Mcyersdale, 13; Tulpehocken eong.. t3»-i&: 
Germantown cong.. IS,Si; Amanda K. Cassel, 
Vorancld, <i [ Hont.dalc cong.. 13; D. L, Miller, 
Mcyersdale, »r.; S. J. Miller. Mcyersdale. «,: 

total, ' ' ' ' * ' 

loWA.-Rcbccca Morgan. Crcswcll. So cents; 
E«a and Elir. Fahrney. Deep River, »5; D. A. 
Miller, Waterloo. 13; N. W. Miller, Waterloo. *3; 
D N DlcrdorS, Waterloo. 13; John Dlnncs, 
lyester. l,s; Jennie D. Miller. Robin.. 1. ; D. W. 
Miller. Robins. Ii: W. H. Llchty. Waterloo, tot 
John Landes. Greene, t.; Falr.lew cong., «=.»; 
Henry and Ellz. Kile, lvcster, W; J. D- Cott- 
..,. So. English, I3i Cath. Garb,, deceased 
So. English,; marriage notice. J. E. Keller. 
50 cents; C. Frederick. Grnndy Centre. ta.So; 
Uaac Harnach, Grundy Centre. X; J. B. Miller, 
Toddvllle.; Mary Miller. Toddvlllc, ti.50; 
a brother and sister. Greene, I1.B01 total, 

ILL.-Francis Snavely, Hudson. tl.So; Vcllo» 
Creek and Central S. S„ (16.36: Jos. BUckenstafl, 
Oakley, Is; S. F. and Martha Brobakor. Girard, 
IS; Maria Corrcll, Mt. Morris, ti;J.M.Barn- 
hlier, Oregon. la.W Ellz. Hendricks, Carre 
gordo, ts; marriage notice. A. L. Bingaman, 50 
cents; Ira G. Cripe. Corrogordo. ts; E. P. and 

Alice Trostle. Mt. Morris, ts; total 

Kans— Pleasant View cong., f3; marriage no- 
' tlee, I. H. Crist, so cents; Appanoose S. S-.; 

a brother. McPhcrson, t3*.So; total - 

Omo-S. W. Blocher. Hill Grove, I3.60; Eli 
P. Harshbarger, Charm, til F. M. Bowers, For- 
est. Ho; S. E. G. Coflman, Trotwood, t3; Vonng 
People's Meeting. Weilcrsvlllc, t7; Eliza S. 
^ Wcldler, Ashland. 16; E. W. Bowers. Willlams- 
*"l,™n ti; a brother and sister. Louisville, So 
eenrisEllz. King. Ponedig. So cents; total, . . . 
VA —pVThomas. Harrisonburg, tr.So: Roa- 

w£r«sI«:.^Vey.,sC»-e..6;M. 8 . 

-.- itlene Spitzer, Weyers c\e. t'-W B. F. Clark. 

Wcyers Cave. t3; total. . -V ■ ■ - ■ • • ' ' ' 

Ind -W. H. Kenslnger, Na>Ranee.; Yost 

She.ek. Mlllersburg. t.5; Wm. Stout. Hagers- 

■■■„: 3 ;;'G.'w;-Wise;, 

23 40 


2 25 

r 50 

Cal.— Covina cong, 

Hemet, total, 

N. DAK.-A. B. Long. Sykeston. *i. Clarence 

Pratt, Carrington. ll.aSi to taI * ' ' 

NEUR.-Marriago notice, j. U. Slingluff. So 

cents; E. S. Rothrock. Carlisle.; total, . . 

W. VA.— F. C. Cunningham. Bunker Hill, - ■ 

D.C.-Marriagc notice, A. Hollingcr Si 

N.C.-EminaMarshburn, Richland o 

Unknown * ' P 

Total (or year beginning April, 1890 *".3°4 5 


Previously reported 

Ohio.— F. M. Bowers, Potest, . . . 
Pa— Amanda R. Cassel. Vernlield, 

Cal.— Covina congregation ^ 

Total lor year beginning April. 1899 $i37 76 


[A house in Washington is B [eat ^ p n «1 e ^ n k °r n ^ h ^ ¥ a e 

the church there may do more effectual work and tia\e 
the advantage ol a permanent house, More funds to fin- 
ish the house are needed.] 
Previously reported ■ ■ ■ * 1 > Q1 5 ** 

Md.-EIU. Engler. New Windsor, JSo.35, Mid- 
land congregation. *7.5$; total 

VA.— A brother. Spring Creek, . . 

Total lor year beginning April. 1899,. . 

Previously reported . . J586 08 

Pa.— A brother. Mcyersdale. Is; Amanda R. Cas- 
sel, Vernfield, Si; total. ° °° 

OHiO.-ClassNo.^PlumR!™' 5 - 5 -* 1 -^ 1 *-"' 

Bowers, Forest, *3.$o; total 3 8$ 

W. Va.-C. W. Martin, Bayard = *> 

Cal.— Covina congregation '7° 

Wis.— Maple Grove S, S ' °° 

Iowa.— Falrview S. S., 5 ° 

$1; J. Geiser. St. Marys. So cents; Moses 
Murphy, St. Marys. *io; Irom sale oi dead 
papers at P. O. by J. H. and E. J. Bosserman. 
Clinton. 35 cents; S. M, Klntncr. Ray. Si; total, 

Md —Meadow Branch cong.. Sis; class 0! girls. 
Sharpsburg. |3. 7 $, Wilmer, Levi H. and H. M. 
Miller. Sharpsburg, J3.2S; Wclty S. S., Ringgold, 
14.40; Rachel Broadwater. Now Germany. *a; 
total ,'''', 

lowA.-Mary NeU. Aqua, Ii; a brother and 
sister, Greene. $S; E. Elckenbury's S. S. class. 
Greene. J6.75; Delia Parr, Maxwell, S483. Pleas- 
ant Hill S, S„ 13.76: Wm. Leonard, Ed D a, *j; 
total • * * " " 

Nebr.— Beatrice cong., *4.«: Bethel S, S., 
(13.50; Wood River cong., la-07; Juniata S. S., 
J1.57; total 

ILL.-Intcrmcdlatc class. Hudson S. S.. Sio; 

Pleasant Hill cong.. *S-a5: unknown, Pekln, t$i 

total "_ * " " 

IND.-Laura E.Stephens, Shoals, $1.50; Emma 

Bonebrakc. Huntington, Si; Chas. Pavcy, Hun- 
tington, S5 cents; Richard Cunningham. New 
London. S8; a brother. Milford, IS; Salome An- 
derson, Ladoga, Si; total 

VA.-Peach Grove S. S., |io; unknown, New 
Market, la; total 

Ohio -J. Young,; S.J. Workman, 
Fredrickstown, $2; Eli P. Harshbarger, Charm, 
$1.50; Georgetown S. S., S42S; total 

Coto.-Sisters' Sewing Society, Longmont, 
$S; E.L.Hix. Lake City. 13; total 

W Va-C. W. Martin. Bayard. Si; R. E. 
Rccd.Morganst0wn.S2; M. W. Reed and wile, 
Morganstown.Sa; total, 

D. C.-Evan Ogle, Washington 

Ky— Campbellsville cong 

OREGON -A brother. Ashland, S2; Jos. Ferry, 
Kiverton, 50 cents; total, 

Mo.-FrlendsandS. S„ Prior 

La.— Roanoke congregation 

CAL.-Covina cong.. 50 cents; a sister. Covina, 
S o cents; S. M. D. MiUer, Homestead, Si; Maud 
Miller, Homestead. 25 cents; total 

Mich.— Berrien congregation ■_ 

Total Ji3.¥»Sfc 

Previously reported • ■ ■ ■ *4=S 90 

lowA.-Coon River cong.. S37S; Sister Otter s 
class. Coon River S. S„ $19.25; Coon River S. S. 

Pa.— Amanda Cassel, Vernheld 

Oregon— Jos. Ferry, Riverton 

CAL.-Covina cong., 3° cents; G. W. Pnser, 

50 cents; total ■ 

Total lor year beginning April, 1899 S4S7 z° 


In World Wide Fund, Franklin Co., cong., Iowa, Sr.15. 
should have been Franklin cong- Si.lS- 

In India Mission Receipts, Gospel Messenger. No. 48. 
Tuda Haines, North Manchester. Ind.. should have been, 
Eel River Sisters' Aid Society. 

In India Famine Fund, Kansas Centre congregation 
should have been Kansas Centre congregation and 
friends, I52; also instead oi Manor congregation, Md., 
I33.1S. i'< should he Welsh Run congregation, $34-1$. 

Gen. Missionary and Tract Com. 

A Book of Rare Interest 
and Value! 



ao as 

17 OS 


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2 So 

A body of about 100,000 believers professing tbe faith and practice which the Brethren d, 
commands more than ordinary attention and interest, even by many not members of tb, 
church Are you not as a member interested in the rise and progress of the church? DJ 
you not wish to speak intelligently of the history of the fraternity to which you belong? 

History of the Brethren 

Gives you this information. Several Thousand Dollars were spent in securing translation 
rare copies of books, etc., that -the author might give to the church and the world the info, 
mation contained in this work. 

The authorship is most able, the language simple and forcible, and the history is as com 
plete as historical matter would make it. 

To all this is added 77 photogravures of scenes of great interest and manuscripts whos 
value cannot be estimated-themselves worth the price of the book. 

History of the Brethren 

ts sold on tbe subscription plan, and although the first copies were not in th, 
agents until last June, 

3,000 Copies 

Have been sold and agents are having excellent success taking orders. The book sells on II 
Swft and really Seedl no testimonials, but here is one of the latest ones received 

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the intelligent 

pathetic truth so 

tendent, and all i 

varied, intensely interesting 

valid, have sold seven in one day 

the struggles our forefathers 

.■zeal of its author, is authentic and practical, t — 

p<iientiallv helpful to the earnest student. Sunday school teacher, 3upenu- 

teres ted in " Rdorm " is just what is needed. The facts are short, concise. 

d beneficial. Have had good sale for it and. although an In- 

,jy. Brethren, wake up! We need to knowmore relating to 

dured to establish the 

church we are a part of. 

— H. B, Mahler, October, t8)Q- 

Apply quickly, nami 




By Eld. D. L. MILLER. 

Good territory and large sales awaiting the right kind of agents, 
your choice of territory by townships. 


22 and .4 S. State St. E^t. IlHn/J 


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...ON THB... 

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j c ct,t. <w Elgin III. 

ii and 34 S. State it. 

Total for year beginning April, 1899, . . 


TTwo Years ago famine devastated India. 

up L on thousands starved to death. Th s wlnt. 

-Woi 13 

,,,„ winter a greater 

famine is upon the unfortunates ol that ben Ighled land. 
Two years a B o Brethren and friends responded liberally 
to help relieve this great want, 
to-day. Shall not the good pi" 
give greater — 

A greater want Is there 

jple of plentiful America 

:r assistance Tl7an beiore? Every cent sent 

be forwarded direct to the missionaries of the 

church In India.] 

. 113,426 61 


Previously reported, 

PA. — Members and friends. Rchrersburg, 
J4.35-, York S. S., (30,64; Lower Conowago cong,, 
(30; a brother, Meyersdalc, \y. Chiques cong. 
and friends. J110; Elizabcthtown S. S-. J15; "la- 
ter Will's class. Ellzabethtown S. S., 3S cents; 
Spring Creek cong,, *3i-So; New Enterprise cong. 
J36 16a brother, Mt. Union. Ii; Amanda R. Cas- 
sel], Vernfield. *i; Mrs. Chas. M. Bool, Vern- 
field. $1; Big Swatara cong.. %y. Broad Run cong.. 

Ji.So; total 

Kans.— A brother, Grenola, 70 cents; Lydla 
and Anna Ernst, Burr Oak.d.aSi ArmagostS.S.. 
I1.60; Orlando Blickenstafl, Homewood. fi: a 
brother, McPhcrson. »3a.So; Brethren mission S. 

Great Redemption 

A Late and Interesting Treatise on the Various 
Doctrines of the New Testament. 

By Quincy Leckrone. 

PART I.— Prerequisites of Christian Fellowship. 
Chapter i— Faith, 10 pp. 
Chaptrr 3.— Repentance, 6 pp. 
Chapter 3— Baptism, 59 PP. 
P^RT II— Christian Fellowship. 

Chapter 1— Washing Saint's Feet, 17 pp. 
Chapter 2.— The Lord's Supper, 16 pp. 
Chapter 3— The Communion, 20 pp. 
Chapter 4— The Week ol Passion, 17 Pp. 
PART III.— Individual Christian Duties, 

Chapter 1— The Holy Kiss of Charity, 7PP 
Chapter a.— Anointing Sick with Oil. 4 PP- 
Chapter 3— Every Good Work, 33 pp. 
Chapter 4.— Keeping Unspotted from 
World, 59 pp. 
PART IV— Christ hath Redeemed Ua, 12 pp. 


Wlint Some Have Said about It; 
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cannot tail to do much good. In fact more in a little 
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The book contains in all a86 pages, printed in long 
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While the main part ol the 
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well selected " good old tunes'' 
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The book contains about 20S 
pages, is bound In boards and 
sold at the lollowlng 
Prepaid, single copy, 30 cents; four or more copies, 25 
cents each. In lots of 100 copies (not less) not prepaid. 
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To Choristers and TEACHBRS.-Upon receipt of 30 
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The author published both affirmative and neg» 
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Well bound in cloth, 298 pages, good clear print- 
7S cents. Address; 

33 and 34 S. State St. 


lie Gospel Messenger. 


Vol. 38. 

Elgin, III., Feb. 

3* 19°°- 


Ilems. . . , 
Paul and Bai 

The Missionary Endowment Fund, ... 

"Rounding Up." ... \'\ " 

Feet-washing Among the Disciples, . . ' ' ' , 4 

A Pastor's Card 7A 

Encouraging Words, . 

Study. Selected by Nettie Gish. ... fifi 

The Boy Who Helps His Mother '■'■..'.'.'.'.'.'.'.' 71 

Endowment Symposium,— 

The Mortgage Business Unscriptural. By Chas. M. Yearout 66 

Missionary Endowment. By I. D. Parker, . . te 

Mortgages: Right or Wrong. By D. L Mohler. '. '.'.'.'.'..'.' 67 

Reasons in Favor ol Endowments. By Daniel Vanlinan 67 

Mission Endowment. By Jesse Mohler ' & 

Another Way of Supporting Preachers. By M. M. Eshelman " ' ' 68 

Family Worship. By W. B. Stover, jj" 

Sowing and Reaping. By A. Hutchison, ....... ' ' a! 

—Rom. 1: 16-20, 


Not Ashamed oi the Gospel oi Christ.- 
The Minister and His Work, 


Lesson Light-Flashes 


Transplanted Souls. By Nancy D. Underhill 

Lighting Up the Front Room, \ 

Does the Missionary Spirit Lead to Worldliness in the Church? 

India Famine Work, 

Crippled Maggie's Gift to the Lord, . 


From the Field, 7S 

Financial Reports, •-"...].[. » 5 

. I _J ■ i'/Olt • ■■'■ '" • 


Twenty-third P^alm. . . t the 


the lake and somewhat polluted the water, render- 
ing it almost unfit for domestic use. The purpose 
of the canal is to carry the sewage down into the 
Mississippi and leave the lake water pure. The 
canal ,s about 40 miles in length and 38 feet deep 
with an average width of 160 feet at the bottom and 
201 feet at the top. So far it has cost over thirty- 
three and a half million dollars, and a few millions 
more will be required to complete it. This is one 
of the most remarkable canals ever constructed, and 
in time it may become a part of a wonderful ship 
canal to extend from Chicago to the Gulf of Mexi- 
co. To complete it for this purpose will probably 
cost $25,000,000. Some of the people living along 
the Illinois and Mississippi rivers are fearful that 
the sewage of the city of Chicago will so pollute 
the water that it will not be fit for use by the cities 
situated on the shores. St. Louis seems very much 
stirred up over the matter, and attempts are being 
made to prevent the discharging of the sewage of 
Chicago into the canal. These people seem much 
concerned about the water they use, but never stop 
for a moment to consider how the whole moral at- 
mosphere of a city is polluted by the whisky that is 
sold on their streets. 

In Philadelphia there is a lady ,09 years old, Mrs. 
Sarah Doran Terry. She was born in Pemberton, 
«■ J., in 1791, and was eight years old when Wash- 
ington died She is old enough to have shaken 
hands with all of the Presidents the United States 
has ever had. Her father was a Revolutionary sol- 
dier. She rode in almost the first.railroad cars, and 
remarked, while riding in an automobile carriage 
recently, that this seemed like the fulfillment of one 
of Mother Shipton's prophecies, "Carriages without 
horses shall go." 


C&ina's troubles are not yet fully settled The 
Empress Dowager, who, by the way, seems to be 
the aunt of the present Emperor, appears to have 
compelled the Emperor to abdicate in favor of a 
mne-year-old son of Prince Fuan. The emperor is 
the most progressive and enlightened ruler with 
which the Celestial Empire has been favored for 
many centuries. He is well educated, knows con- 
siderable of the modern methods of governing and 
developing a nation, and is also very friendly 
towards the United States and Great Britain He 
seems to admire the civilization and culture of these 
two countries, and would like to introduce many re- 
forms in China. But his aunt has taken the reins 
of government in her hands, and runs things very 
much as she pleases. So in order to put an end to 
any further complication regarding the Emperor he 
has been forced to abdicate, and the Empress can 
continue to exert her influence at the royal court 
until the boy Emperor is old enough to be placed in 
charge of the Empire. Russia and France are said 
to favor the move, while England and America look 
upon ,t as unfortunate. While rulers quarrel, their 
subjects have to suffer. Millions of people in China 
must be neglected just for the want of a wise and ag- 
gressive ruler. What is true of China in this respect 
is also true of scores if not hundreds of churches— 
they are suffering for the want of suitable men to 
preside over them and regulate the affairs pertain- 
ing to the spiritual interests of the people. 

The famine in India, says the Chicago Tribune, is 
assuming appalling proportions. Fortunately, the 
Indian Government, having had to deal with these 
terrible famines so often, has the work of relief 
thoroughly o. s .=;. c j, -iiKJ-thu. „ enabled to make a 
minimum of food go much farther than was the case 
before system took the place of haphazard assist- 
ance. Nevertheless, the natives, who at best are 
poorly nurtured, will die by thousands. An idea of 
the extent of the famine can be gained from the 
statement made in Calcutta, the other day, by the 
Viceroy of India. Lord Curzon said that, while the 
greatest number of persons to whom relief had been 
granted in any previous famine was 1,250000 there 
were already on the\elief list this year over 3 000- 
000. When it is realized that this number must be 
largely increased before fresh crops can be raised, 
and that there are nearly 50,000,000 people in the 
districts affected, it becomes apparent that a calam- 
ity of a colossal nature is impending. In spite of 
all that can possibly be done the number of deaths 
from starvation will likely reach 
sand or more. 

nee in 

ing concerning them, and the 
them, D. Collins in the 
ersons writing on Mormon- 

The Mormons are making no little disturbai 
some localities. Writ 
manner of dealing with 
Christian Leader says: " Pi 

ism should be careful to state things a°s Yhey ar 
see many things in print that do not comport with 
historical facts. Such things are used by them to 
advantage. They bring them before their people to 
prove how they are misrepresented. They are 
watching for everything that they can use to 
build themselves up. They are full of exag- 
gerations of everything connected with their his- 
tory. One said, not long since, in my hearing- 
'They killed hundreds of Mormons,' speaking 
of the troubles in Missouri, whereas the fact is 
their own history, as far as I can find, records only 
twenty-three in all killed. This includes those 
killed in 1833 and 1838. Thest statements are 


Missouri was bad for the Mormons and other peo- 
ple, both. They attribute as the cause their being 
not ,n favor of slavery. This will not do, for they 
had the same trouble in Nauvoo, III., and I am sure 
the people there did not drive them out because 
they did not believe in slavery. I consider the Re- 
organized, or Josephites, are going to cause more 
disturbance in the future than the Brighamites " 

hundred tho 

From time to time the Messenger has made 

mention of the Chicago Drainage Canal, extending 

west from Lake Michigan to the Desplaines river 

ne canal is now open, and carries the sewage of the 

'V of Chicago into the Desplaines river. From 

e re it finds its way into the Illinois river, and 

nence into the Mississippi. From the lake there 

a strong flow of water through the canal. Here- 

'°re the sewage of the city was discharged into 

Nevada, Mo., seems to possess a money-making 
genius of a peculiar type. He claims to be able to 
cure poverty. He regards himself as the " poverty 
healer," and proposes to tell poor people how they 
can, at any time, have the use of their very best 
thoughts— the part of the mind that will enable 
them to make all the money they want, and make 
it all the time. Those who take his treatment 
never need to dig for a living. They will receive a 
mind power that will place them on the road to 
wealth. All those who apply for treatment must 
send one dollar, and the remedy will be sent by mail, 
with full directions how to use it. To an intelligent 
person it would seem that no one would be foolish 
enough to pay any attention to the claim of the 
Nevada man. But such is not the case. Hun- 
dreds of people are applying for treatment, and 
some men are sending the last dollar they have. It 
is more than likely that somebody will lose five 
dollars in the scheme and then write us to expose 
the fraud. Well may it be said, " What fools these 
mortals be!" When will men and women look 
out for their own interest, and give swindlers a se- 
vere letting alone? 

The Governor of Alaska presents quite an interest- 
ing report concerning the condition and resources of 
that territory. He says that Alaska embraces al- 
most as much territory as may be found in the 
United States, east of the Mississippi River, and east 
and south of the Ohio. The southern part has a 
winter climate somewhat like that of the New Eng- 
land States. This, of course, applies to the parts 
near the coast. There are sections, however, where 
the temperature drops to fifty degrees below zero. At 
this time the population is about fifty-five thousand, 
thirty-one thousand being classed as natives. The 
resources of the country are remarkable. Much 
gold has been taken from the mines and it seems 
that the work has mereiy commenced. The timber 
in the southern part is very abundant, and of the 
best quality. A number of mills are already in 
operation, and they can scarcely supply the home 
demand. Fish abound all along the southern coast, 
and the catching of them furnishes employment for 
thousands of men. Some experiments have been 
made in agriculture, and it is thought that wheat 
and some other grains may be grown with profit. It 
is even thought that the country may produce 
vegetables enough to supply the home demand. 
The land has not yet been surveyed, and for this 
reason homesteaders cannot locate with certainty. A 
few missionaries have entered this territory, and are 
doing what they can to improve the moral condition 
of society. But for the present nearly all the whites 
are in search of gold, and very little can be done in 
the interest of religion and education until this ex- 
citement wears off. For some reason wealth and 
religion do not always thrive together. 




3. 1900. 

• if ESSAYS » « ■ < ■ 

•Study to show thyself approved unto Gud, a workman iihat necdeth not be 
ashamed, rightly dividmg the Word ol Truth." 



God holds the key of all unknown. 

And I am glad. 
If other hands should hold the key 
Or if he trusted it to me, 

I might be sad, 

What if to-morrow's cares were here 

Without its rest? 
I'd rather he unlocked ihe day 
And as the hours swing open, say, 

My will is best, 

The very dimness of my sight 

Makes me secure, 
For groping in my misty way 
1 feel his hand, I bear him say, 

My help is sure. 

I cannot read his future plans, 

But this I know, 
I have the smiling of his face 
And all the refuge of bis grace 

While here below. 

Enough, this covers all my wants, 

And so I rest; 
For what 1 cannot, he can see 
And >n his care I saved shall be 

Forever blest. 
Webber A'atts. 


[On the endowment question we received nine articles, and 
from this numher six have been selected, three on each side. 
Five of them will be found below, and the other one in the 
editorial department. The question will be presented to the 
next Annual Meeting, but no more is to be said in the Mes- 
senger on the subject, save a probable editorial paragraph or 
two, stating what would become of the present endowment 
fund should the Conference happen to decide against the plan. 
The article by Bro. Eshelman was not intended for the sym- 
■pohmm, but we g*ve it along with the other commuirtn'-ojis. — 

The Mortgage Business Un scriptural. 

The underlying principle of the mortgage business 
of the church is identically the same as the principle 
involved in the money-making business carried on 
in the temple or house of God in the days of Christ. 
The temple was typical of the church of Jesus 
Christ; but the worshipers in the ancient house of 
God turned it (the temple) into a money-making 
institution. Jesus went up to Jerusalem, and found 
in the temple those that sold oxen, and sheep, and 
doves, and the changers of money, sitting; and when 
he had made a scourge of small cords, he drove 
them all out of the temple, and the sheep and the 
oxen, and poured out the changers' money, and 
overthrew the tables; and said unto them that sold 
doves, " Take these things hence; make not my 
father's house an house of merchandise." John 2: 
13-16. Hardly any persons will take the position 
that it was wrong to engage in the above business. 
It was, perhaps, necessary that these animals and 
fowls be kept on hand for the temple service; and 
Jerusalem being the great metropolis of the Jews, 
where people of all nations congregated every year, 
it was necessary to have an office of exchange where 
the people might exchange foreign money for that 
•of the country in which they were sojourning. The 
evil, then, was not in the business itself, but in the 
turning of God's house, — a type of the Christian 
church — into a money-making institution. 

The worshipers were to bring their offerings 
weekly, monthly and yearly, to carry forward the 
service of God. Therefore, typically considered, we 
6nd no mortgage or money-making business carried 
on in the house of God, — the church (see 1 Tim. 3: 15-) 
without the stamp of condemnation placed upon it 
by our Savior. Money-making in the temple— the 
house of God — is represented by Christ's own 
language as making the temple a den of thieves. 
See Matt. 21: 12, 13; Mark 11: 15-17. 

The object of the mortgage business is to make 
money; it is devoid of the spirit of the divine Mas- 
ter. There is no charity, no mercy, no love, no in- 

terest in man's welfare in the business. "The gilt- 
edged mortgage" is a merciless instrument, that 
fastens its fangs into the homes of men and their 
families, and if said families fail from any cause to 
comply with its heartless, iron-clad conditions, like 
an evil octopus it dispossesses them of their homes 
or earthly inheritances and turns them out into the 
street or public road without a shelter over their 
heads. This sad picture is not overdrawn. Let the 
thousands of homeless mothers and children who 
have been robbed of their homes by " gilt-edged 
mortgages" attest to the truthfulness of the above. 
The principles governing the mortgage business are 
identically the same, whether carried on by the 
world or the church of Jesus Christ. But says one: 
The church uses the interest derived from her 
"gilt-edged mortgage " business in the spread of 
the Gospel or missionary cause. This is true in 
part only; a large percent, of this interest belongs 
to the annuity funds, and goes back to the individu- 
als who formerly owned the money (and still own 
it, so far as that is concerned) as long as they live. 

As a rule those who mortgage their homes are 
poor and must have money to live and meet their 
obligations, and the church being in tne mortgage 
business, having thousands of dollars to loan, these 
needy men apply to the church for a loan to bridge 
over the present stringency. The church, through 
her representatives, the General Missionary ' and 
Tract Committee, says to these needy men: "We 
will loan you money at six or seven per cent, interest 
per annum, but you must give us a 'gilt-edged 
mortgage ' on your homes as security." " Well, we 
must have money; how much will you loan us on our 
farms?" "We can let you have money to the 
amount of about one-third the value of your homes." 
The church has made a safe investment; but how 
about these poor men and their families? Suppose 
they fail and find it impossible to meet the interest 
or pay the money back to the church when due? 
What will be donef Will the church sell the homes 
of these people to satisfy the demands of said 
"£:!t-edged mn)tg?.^«^? "' 'Evidently that ia The 
purpose in view in taking mortgages on lands or 
homes. The lands are taken as security, and in case 
the parties fail to pay the interest or the principal 
when due, the church must sell those homes upon 
which she holds mortgages or lose the money 
loaned, and there is no escape from this conclusion. 
And in order to foreclose a mortgage a process of 
law must be gone through with, and the mortgaged 
lands or homes sold under the hammer for cash to 
the highest bidder, which often is not one-third the 
actual value of the property. 

If the church does not intend to sell the homes 
upon which she holds said " gilt-edged mortgages," 
in case of the non-payment of interest and principal, 
then why take mortgages on homes as security for 
money loaned?- Where did Christ or his apostles 
authorize his church to go into the money loaning 
and mortgage business, any way? Echo answers, 
Where? The only place I remember of reading of 
mortgages in the Bible they are condemned, and 
their evil results made null and void by the restora- 
tion of the homes and property taken by mortgages, 
to their rightful owners. Please read carefully Neh. 


But says one: "What are we to do with this vast 
hoard of endowment money, if we are not allowed 
to invest it in ' gilt-edged mortgages ' on real 
estate." If it belongs to Christ and his church, use 
it for the spread of his cause and the upbuilding of 
his kingdom, use it for the conversion of poor sin- 
ners for whom Christ died. If it belongs to indi- 
viduals, return it to them, unless they are willing to 
give it outright to Christ and his church to be used 
for the salvation of precious souls for whom Christ 
died. Better do this than violate the sacred princi- 
ples of the Christian religion by turning the church 
into a money-making, money-loaning and mortgage 
institution. The endowment business itself is wrong, 
and is a violation of the teaching of Christ in regard 
to laying up or hoarding thousands and hundreds of 
thousands of dollars here on earth, a dollar of which 
can never be used, nor the enormous sum ever grow 
less. See Matt. 6: 19-21; Luke 12: 33, 34. These 

vast thousands can never be used, they will 
hoarded in the coffers of the church or loaned out 
on "gilt-edged mortgages" when Jesus Christ 
comes the second time. 

May God Almighty so direct and overrule that 
this giant octopus, the money-loaning and mortgag, 
business, may be swept from the church, and her 
fair name never again be connected with money 
loaning and the "gilt-edged mortgage " business, 
Amen. Chas. M. Yearout. 

VVarrensburg, Mo. 

Missionary Endowment. 

With all missionary boards the money problem is 
of prime importance and demands earnest and 
prayerful thought. 

Having been present at nearly all the meetings o| 
the Board for years and one of its servants in the 
field for two years, I have been led to a careful study 
of its purposes, methods of work, its needs and h 
drances, and one question in particular has pressed 
itself upon the Board constantly and with double 
force at every meeting, viz., " How to secure workers 
and funds equal to the urgent appeals for help? 

As a practical answer to the question the Board 
has solicited endowment and invested the same, 
when paid, in first mortgages on land, which course 
has been questioned by some; hence a study of the 
question, it is hoped will be helpful. 

By enactment of Annual Meeting we have a pi; 
directing the Board in its work and a growing en- 
dowment fund, and we believe the Board has been 
careful to push its work in harmony with every de- 
cision of the Conference. If not, let it be called to 
account at the earliest date possible. 

Missionary endowment is not a fund created to 
enrich the Board or mission workers, as some have 
said, but a provision for the permanent support ol 
missions. That it is helpful in many ways is evi ; 
dent from the following: 

1. While^itis admitted that the cW*J assurai 
^f sucr- in all works of chatHtvp^ists ont t 
rjriwjtu..o J of God and the constai. yi^q oF 
people, it must also be admitted that this assurance, 
is greatly strengthened by endowment, 

2. Homes for old people and orphans and leading 
colleges find their main support in endowment and 
the " preaching of the gospel to every creature ' 
work so great that it behooves the church to 
every lawful power within her reach. All institu 
tions of charitj', and colleges in particular, 
branches of the one great work, and if endowment is 
helpful to these, why may it not also be to mission! 

3. A wise builder will count the cost and also hii 
resources before building, and since giving for mS 
sions diminishes in times of business depression, thf 
Board, without endowment, will have nothing verj 
definite upon which to determine its ability to opt 
up new missions. 

4. Again, without this help to carry the work ov 
hard places the Board must either borrow to sustain 
the missionaries or call them home at a great loss 
souls and money. Either is attended with sad re 
suits and can be avoided only by having a permanenl 
working fund, or some system by which the local 
churches would respond promptly to every call » 
the Board. During the business reverses of recenl 
years some popular churches called their worked 
home; others borrowed and are now burdened wi" 
heavy debts, some of them a million or more, 
we are wise we will do neither, but provide sufficient 
endowment to meet these emergencies. 

5. We ought to learn from the experiences 
other missions, nearly all of which have endowmefl 
or its equivalent, called a loan fund, and when this 
fund was equal to the work undertaken, it went *>' 
during the hard times without interruption. T& 1 
Methodists have, including the church extension 
fund, nearly three millions; the Baptists half a 
lion; the Presbyterians, one and one-half million 
the American Missionary Society, a fund that brini 
an annual income of more than sixty thousand 
Now a careful study of the funds and annual receip 1 
of all missions reveals an important fact, viz., "* 
churches that expend the largest amounts annual 1 

Feb. 3, 1900. 



for mission work have the largest permanent fund, 
and also give the most in proportion to membership, 
with a few exceptions which are caused by other 
conditions. Among our own people the rule is this, 
The congregation or State District that gives the 
most to home and District work gives the most also 
to the endowment fund and to the zvorld-wide fund. 
This fact sets aside the oft-heard statement that in- 
creasing the endowment diminishes the annual giv- 
ing. The opposite is true, for we learn by giving, 
and the more we give to one the more ready we are, 
as a rule, to give to the other. 

6. While all should give systematically and con- 
stantly, yet many wish to add to this by giving larger 
sums and have only the interest used, because this 
enables them, when silent in death, to continue giving 
as long as time lasts, thereby increasing their power 
for good, and surely they ought to have the liberty 
and be encouraged to do it. If one does what he 
can during life and then sets apart a portion of his 
estate to work on when he is gone, he is certainly 
adding to his work. But it is said that money put 
into the work immediately will accomplish more 
than when loaned and the interest used annually. 
Whether it will or not depends on when time closes, 
and many other unknown events. Were these 
known it would no doubt be better to turn from all 
other pursuits and put all our energies and moneys 
into the conversion of souls than to lay up anything 
for a rainy day. But who amid all these uncertain- 
ties applies the principle in that way? 

7, Again, it is said that it is alL right to accept en- 
dowment, but don't go after ft. I pray for the day 
to come when every servant of the Lord will bring 
in his tithes and offerings unsolicited; but it is not 
here yet, and until it comes the church must go after 
them or suffer defeat and permit many stewards of 
the Lord's money to meet the charge of " wasting 
his goods." Besides, if the church does not see that 
the members are without excuse she will be speech- 
less ire; be great day. 

S. Vigour, fcave been expressed that the Board will 
get more raan is needed or can safely invest. This 
is not likely for several reasons: 

(1) No one since the days of Moses has had oc- 
casion to say, Stop thy giving. 

(2) The field is as wide as the world, and the calls 
increase more rapidly than the funds. 

(3) All the churches and missions in the United 
States combined spend annually eleven or twelve 
millions (which is only about one one-hundredth the 
sum spent for intoxicants), yet more than twelve 
hundred millions are still in darkness. 

How Invest Endowments? 

Most societies invest their permanent funds in 
railroad stock, bonds and city buildings, but we fa- 
vor loans on land for several reasons: 

1. It is the safest way. 

2. The income is more uniform from year to year 
and gives the Board a more definite basis upon 
which to carry on its work. 

3. Loans and their income are managed with few- 
er complications and less expense in proportion to 
the income than in any other way. 

Few, if any, foreclosures of mortgages will occur, 
for two reasons: 

1. Because borrowers of the Board's money are a 
class that are able and expect to pay when due. 

2. The amount borrowed by any one person is too 
small in proportion to the value of his property giv- 
en as security to make it necessary, or profitable to 
the borrower. 

But here again we hear it said that the poor who 
are most in need to borrow cannot get any benefit 
from the fund. Let it be remembered that the 
prime object is not to aid the borrower,'but to safe- 
ly invest the fund and receive a fair earning from it 
for the Lord's work. The poor needing help must 
be provided for in some other way. 

Other ways have been suggested to invest 
the funds, but so far loans are successful and the 
Board sees nothing better. It is presumed, how- 
ever, that the Board as it is maintained from year to 
year by the Conference will grow in experience and 

wisdom, and should something better come in sight 
will readily lay hold of it. 

What we need just now is more confidence in the 
church and her ability to carry on the work of giv- 
ing the Gospel to the world, and also more of the 
spirit that helps, and less of the one that hinders 
the work. i, d. Parker. 

Elkhart, Ind. 

Mortgages: Right or Wrong. 

Usury, under the law, was the same as interest 
to-day. It was forbidden, especially to the Jews tak- 
ing it from their brethren. Ex. 22:25; Lev. 25:35, 
36; Deut. 23: 19; Ex. 22:12. If usury was wrong, 
surely a mortgage, which is the surest means of fas- 
tening usury, is wrong also. It was severely con- 
demned by God's faithful prophet, Nehemiah. 
Neh. 5: 1-13. If this was considered wrong under 
the law, according to the carnal commandment, 
what must it be under the Gospel, according to the 
spiritual commandment? 

Mortgages are often instruments of oppression. 
Oppression is clearly wrong. God's law is, " Help 
one another;" not, " Bind one another;" " Lend, 
hoping to receive nothing again;" not, " Lend, and 
take a mortgage for security, so that if the brother 
is unfortunate you can sell his home, and get your 
money again, notwithstanding his misfortune." The 
Gospel says: " Avoid all appearance of evil." A 
mortgage may easily become the means of oppress- 
ing an unfortunate man. Does not this have the 
appearance of evil? 

Sometimes the collection of accounts secured by 
mortgages requires the use of the civil law. The 
Brethren church has always opposed the use of the 
law. Surely, what is wrong for individual members 
to do, cannot be right for the Brotherhood through 
its representatives to do. 

It may be said that it is not the intention to fore- 
close the mortgages. Then what is the use of tak- 
ing one? Or is it the intention to sell all doubtful 
accounts to parties who are not scrupulous about 
the use of the law.7 , .Again, it may be said that there 
is security enough demanded, so that there will be 
no trouble about voluntary payment. That doesn't 
change the principle. It is the principle that we think 
is wrong, more than the way in which the business is 
carried on. 

Money-lending, annuities, usury, or interest, 
mortgaging, etc., are of the world. They are world- 
ly in their tendency. We are to keep ourselves unspot- 
ted from the world. They are hardening to the feel- 
ings in their tendency. Is the cultivation of such a 
spirit profitable? 

There are some things allowable for individuals 
that are altogether wrong for a spiritual body like 
the church. The individual member must secure a 
livelihood by the use of the world. He is responsi- 
ble for the way he does it. The church, to remain 
pure, must depend on the free-will offerings of her 
loving children for the necessary expenses, and for 
the spread of the Gospel. In this there is a reward 
to the donor. But in the church taking interest, 
and binding a brother with a mortgage, — how is it, 
brethren? The church is a spiritual body, and 
should not concern itself about the worldly. The 
more it concerns itself about worldly matters, the 
more it loses spiritually. 

But how shall the endowment fund be secured, if 
not by mortgage? Is an endowment fund essential 
to- the perpetuity of the church? We think not. 
See Matt. 6: 19, 20, 21, 34. Anyhow, " shall we do 
evil that grace may abound? " Are not the real es- 
tate investments of the endowment fund the best 
paying ones? 

Let us think on these things. 

D. L. Mohler. 
Leeton, Mo. 

Reasons In Favor of Endowments. 

I. Because it gives the General Missionary and 
Tract Committee a permanent basis to depend on, 
when laying out work, instead of depending alone 
on the general contributions, the amount of which 
no one can tell in advance; and which, especially in 
times of general business depression, is very uncer- 
tain. When the- endowment will reach half a mil- 

lion dollars (which if not hindered it soon,will), the 
interest on which at six per cent will be thirty thou- 
sand dollars per year, then the Committee will feel 
safe in laying out work for at least that amount and 
know they will be able to sustain it. 

2. Because there are many persons who have a 
desire to arrange some of their means in a way that 
will continue to help the cause of Christ permanent- 
ly and continually, even after they shall have passed 
to their reward. While life lasts one may help on 
this, that and the other line of benevolence, as one 
has means and opportunity; but when death comes 
that kind of help ceases. Not so the endowment, 
much of which only becomes available after the 
death of the donors. Thus one thousand dollars 
made available on or before death, as the donor 
prefers, means, at six per cent, sixty dollars help 
each year. Many are finding comfort in the con- 
sciousness of having arranged at least a part of what 
the Lord has made them steward over so that it will 
continue to advance the cause of truth without any 
known limit, instead of at their death drifting out 
to parties to whom the donors owe nothing. 

3. Because the Brotherhood having arranged a 
permanent endowment fund means many thousands 
of dollars made available and helpful in forwarding 
the Lord's work that would without the endowment 
drift out into channels not helpful to the church on 
any of the lines of her work. 

4. Because no other plan has yet been discovered 
that is equal to the endowment through which to 
supply needed help to our missionaries and minis- 
ters: (r) In supplying helpful books free of charge 
to all of our ministers, and adding a few each year 
to the minister's library; (2) by affording needed 
support to disabled or superannuated missionaries, 
and ministers and their families who have no other 
sufficient means of support. On this line of endow- 
ment the Gish fund is a noble and helpful begin 

5. Because in our Brotherhood are hundreds of 
brethren and sisters who have become stewards ovc» 
more or less of the Lord's goods, and who have no 
children to whom to leave it, and also many who 
have a desire to place at least a part of their pos- 
sessions in such endowment fund to be securely in- 
vested and the income used, as they see proper to 
designate. And who is it that is willing to assume 
the authority to say they shall not have this privi- 

6. Because there are even those who are not 
members of the Brethren church who have placed 
of their means into this fund. A notable case of 
this occurred at our last Annual Meeting, where a 
man over sixty years of age, who has never united 
with any church, gave me a ten thousand dollar 
endowment paper on which he arranged to pay 
some interest annually during his lifetime, and 
made the principal available after his death; this. 
with the full understanding that it should be secure- 
ly invested by the Committee and the income used 
in world-wide missionary work. This man said: " I 
don't owe what the Lord made me steward over to 
my relations, and I want it to go where it will do 
the most possible good when I am done with it; and 
I know of no place where it will be likely to do 
more good." Last summer, while in the valley of 
Virginia, I found a few who belonged to other 
churches; and a few who had united with no church 
whose companions belonged to the Brethren who 
wanted also to have something in this endowment 
fund. One well-to-do man who belongs to another 
church and his wife to ours said, " I believe in this; 
make ours two hundred dollars, with five per cent 
interest from date until we pay the principal. This 
means that we will help ten dollars a year from 
now on." 

It has always been my policy as Traveling Secre- 
tary fully to explain the endowment and how the 
money is invested and how the income is used. 
Then I neither coax nor urge them to give, as 
scores of brethren and sisters whom I solicited will 
testify if asked, but simply arrange with them as 
each directs. When we meet those who prefer to 
give in some other way rather than as endowment 
we arrange with them accordingly; thus giving each 




3. «90o. 

free scope to give or not to give, and in the way 
each one is most favorably impressed. In all cases 
it is understood that the present policy of the Com- 
mittee is to invest the endowment in first-class farm 
mortgages, because no better and safer way to in- 
vest it is known to the Committee, a first-class farm 
mortgage being a first mortgage on a farm and not 
exceeding half the value of the farm. In the West 
there has always been a ready demand for money 
at six and seven per cent with first-class farm mort- 
gage for security. All over the West people are 
taught that it is proper and right for the man who 
borrows money to have his own property to stand 
security for his debts until paid, instead of having 
his neighbors go his security. 

It might yet be added that more than half of the 
money loaned by the Committee is loaned to parties 
who are not members of the Brethren church. It is 
loaned to such parties as consider it an accommoda- 
tion to get it, and who have ample farm security to 
make the investment perfectly safe. Let it be un- 
derstood that the donors understand and approve of 
the policy of the Committee to loan this money 
on first class farm mortgages when the donations 
are given, therefore where objections have come 
against loaning on first-class farm mortgages they 
have not come from the donors, but from others. 

Daniel Vaniman. 
McPhcrson, Ka/ts. 

Mission Endowment. 

Those who oppose the idea of endowing the mis- 
sion cause should not be misunderstood to oppose 
the mission work itself. In fact, the strongest oppo- 
sition to endowments for this purpose comes from 
persons who are alive to the work and full of the 
missionary spirit — as much so perhaps as any one in 
the Brotherhood. The question to be considered is: 
Should the church include endowments in her meth- 
ods of supporting the mission cause, or should she 
depend on supporting the work by giving directly? 

In considering this question let us not lose sight 
of the fact that the endowment system is a method 
wholly unused by the greatest of missionaries; and in 
order that it be not charged to a lack of wisdom or 
forethought, we refer the reader not only to the 
workers of our own Fraternity until recent years 
but also to the consecrated missionaries of all time, 
including even the Apostles Paul and Peter. It has 
been the universal opinion, so far as we can learn, 
that the church should give, and give directly, to 
the missions. 

Those who introduced the idea of a mission en- 
dowment fund doubtless did so with the purest of 
motives, and with the welfare of the church and the 
salvation of souls at heart. Yet, when we carefully 
consider this plan and the outcome thereof, and 
compare it with the ancient method of supporting 
the Lord's work, tlie propriety of which there is no 
question, we believe it will be found to be unscrip- 

Our mission endowment fund, as authorized by 
Annual Meeting, is described by that body as " an 
endowment fund to be placed on interest, and the 
interest from it to be used in the mission work of 
the church." Take special notice that only the in- 
come from this fund can be used, while the money 
given is to be held by the Missionary and Tract 
Committee, and may never be used, no matter how 
badly needed. With all of the teaching of the Sa- 
vior and of the Apostles to give and to sacrifice for 
the Gospel, there is not found one sentence that 
can be interpreted as authority for such a fund for 
such a purpose. 

However, it is not supposed that any one will 
claim such authority for this fund, except that the 
church is commanded to spread the Gospel, and 
that places upon her the duty of supplying the 
means, and under such conditions the end justifies 
the method. This position can very well be taken 
when the method does not violate either the letter 
or the spirit of the Gospel. It seems to the writer 
that in this case the spirit of the Gospel teaching as 
to giving is at least overlooked. 

As stewards of the Lord's work we are to be ready 
to give an account of our charge at any time. Were 

the church called to give an account to-morrow she 
would have to admit that through the endowment 
system nearly $400,000 of her Lord's money had 
been lost, as every cent of endowment fund will be 
useless when time is no longer. Of course this mon- 
ey will bear interest to that date, and that may be 
used. We contend, however, that the best method 
of handling this money and the amounts that may 
be added as time passes, would be to place it on in- 
terest until a place can be found for its investment. 
So Icng as a place of need can be found all sums 
collected should be applied, up to a reasonable 
amount, for regular expenses. We confess this does 
not have so strictly a business appearance as the 
endowment system, but that is not the question. 
Full faith in God's ability to bless the efforts of his 
people would demand, it seems to the writer, that 
wherever there is a call for help, available money 
should be applied, trusting that the added numbers 
and the increased interest will bring sufficient rev- 
enue to meet the wants of the mission cause. 
Shall we cast our bread upon the waters or shall we 
reserve it in our own hands for fear the Lord is not 
so good a financier as his stewards? 

In the whole Jewish economy we do not find any 
such method of meeting expenses. Even the Le- 
vites were not allotted ground for their support. 
This was to be supplied by a tenth of the increase of 
all the other tribes, and when an extra expense was 
to be met it was done by gifts and free-will offer- 
ings, as we see was done in building the tabernacle 
and the temple, also in repairing and rebuilding the 
temple. The Jewish system was very expensive, 
and a regular expense. All this was met, not by an 
endowment fund, but by direct gifts as the occasion 

By each person giving directly every one becomes 
a partner in the work and his interest is enlisted. 
Giving to the Lord is not so much for his benefit as 
for our own. Large endowments are destined to 
cut off the necessity of personal sacrifice, and where 
the necessity does not exist sacrifice will be neg- 
lected, and where sacrifice is avoided we can not 
learn the truest lessons of Christianity. Were the 
needs of the Lord to be considered, he could pro- 
vide without endowments. The Lord's work does 
not need our gifts nearly so much as we need to 

Proper exercise of a trait of character cultivates 
our disposition and gives growth to the soul. Di- 
rect giving to the mission work enlists every giver 
with the work, cultivates love for souls, increases 
trust in God, and lays up treasure in heaven. It is 
hard to reconcile the endowment system of giving 
with Matt 6: 19-21. Christ says: " Lay not up for 
yourselves treasures upon earth, . . . but lay 
up for yourselves treasures in heaven." It may be 
urged that the endowment treasures are not for our- 
selves, but we contend that they are for ourselves. 
Our duty is to teach all nations, and in order to do 
so we must furnish the means. Therefore we lay up 
an endowment fund so that it will furnish a revenue 
and we be spared taking of our support, and thus 
avoid our duty to sacrifice. The larger this fund 
grows the less will depend on each individual 

Christ teaches us to "be not therefore anxious for 
the morrow " (Matt. 6: 34), while the endowment 
plan urges us to be anxious and provide for many 
years to come. When we thus provide a support that 
is assured for our missionaries, we thus pave the 
way of temptation to men to enter the mission work 
from a professional or a business standpoint. Not 
only is there temptation to the missionary, but if the 
present fund continues to increase the day will 
come when the church as a body will be tempted to 
sit idly by and allow the work to be done by our 
Missionary and Tract Committee using the revenue 
from large sums less than the widow's mite. 

As before stated, the plan looks well from a busi- 
ness standpoint. But, brethren, there is hidden at 
the bottom of it the " deceitfulness of riches." In 
the end there is no money and no blessing in it to 
the church. Our God, who directs the true mission 
work, is a gi eater financier than any among us, or 

any will ever be among us; and he who made the 
widow's mite more than the Pharisee's riches is able 
to make more of our gifts than the increase from 
endowments as we have them. Let us hear his cry 
to Israel, " Prove me," and let us give, give, give 
freely to his work to-day, and trust him to fill the 
hearts of the people in future days with an abun- 
dance of the missionary spirit, so that there be no 
lack at that time. j ESS e Mohler. 

Warrensburg, Mo. 



In Israel the priests were kept by the products of 
the land, their portion being donated them by the 
other tribes. In Christianity he that plants a vine- 
yard shall eat of the fruit thereof, or feeds a flock is 
entitled to some of the milk— unskimmed, pure milk 
at that. Sowing spiritual things for the church, he 
"shall reap carnal things"; plowing in hope, par- 
take of that hope— the increase. "Even so hath 
the Lord" (not man) "ordained that they which 
preach the Gospel should live of the Gospel." 1 
Cor. 9: 14. 

It is perhaps pretty well settled in the Brother- 
hood that faithful, worthy ministers should be as- 
sisted in harmony with 1 Cor. 9 and 2 Cor. 8: 14,— 
the great doctrine of love and equality. 

There are many places where a few members have 
located, being without a resident minister or, having 
one, he is so oppressed in his struggle to provide 
for his family that he cannot feed the flock as he de- 
sires. For it should be remembered that he who 
rents land and gives a share not only supports his 
own family but helps to support some other family— 
the owner of the land. To work for two families 
and preach, care for the flock, etc., is so unequal, so 
burdensome, that he not only feels heart-broken, 
but body-bent and almost " cast down, "-'»»-'' not de-t! 
strayed." To assist such, — not to pvM^fs6m nr ^'M 
destroy them — these lines are written. 

Suppose he who has $2,000 or or 850,000 
tries the land element. Where there are a few 
members who need ministerial aid, purchase a piece 
of land, find a worthy preacher, and say to him: 
" This land is yours so long as your services are 
needed here. You are expected to be diligent in 
keeping one or more preaching services each Sun- 
day, a good Sunday school, a series of meetings 
once or oftener each year, visit the members and 
neighbors, and converse on good topics. You pay 
the taxes, keep property in good condition, and 
whatever improvements you need on farm, make 
them at your charges, such as wells, power to raise 
water, fences, storage buildings, insurance, painting 
—in short, whatever is needful to make a neat and 
comfortable home. You may have, for at least five 
years, or longer if necessary, all t/te income or prod- 
ucts of the farm" 

Along some such line, I see how a man or District 
Mission Board, duly incorporated, might perform a 
great work for the Lord's cause. A member with 
S6o,ooo might have twenty or twenty five local con- 
gregations growing nicely under this arrangement; 
and as each church would grow to a point where 
she could help herself the land could be sold and 
the money invested elsewhere to build up another 
congregation; thus the money would go on and on 
working and working until Jesus comes. And as 
land values increase where Brethren settle and are 
faithful, these holdings would likely also increase 
some; yet I am not so sure that we need to be over- 
concerned about making money out of such a proj- 
ect, because those who follow us evidently will have 
grace and goodness to do even more than we are 
doing, so we need hardly provide for their needs. 

Of course this method needs the working out of 
details, which I cannot notice in a short article. To 
stir up thought is my object. A District Board could 
carry out some such measure, its president or secre- 
tary being empowered to annually inspect all such 
holdings, having placed the minister under a few 
well chosen rules for his guidance as to the proper- 

Feb. 3, 1900. 



ty. A house and stable, at least, should occupy the 
land when turned over to the preacher. 
The advantages of some sucli system would be: 

1. The preacher on a financial or family-support- 
ing equality with those members who own land. 

2. A settled ministry, which would give confi- 
dence to members to remain and a help to the peo- 
ple to join the church, feeling the church would not 
be without ministerial assistance. 

3. An assisted ministry in act and in truth. 

4. The funds kept at work where needed rather 
than going to railroads and hotels. 

5. Courage and energy to devoted ministers, who, 
realizing the helpfulness, would "be strong in the 
Lord and power of his might." 

6. A helpful influence to the wife and children of 
the preacher. 

7. The verification of Matt. 6: 20: " Do good, and 
lend, hoping for nothing again." Luke 6: 35 

As to the methods to pursue in towns and cities, I 
leave to others. The conditions are wholly differ- 
ent and require different methods. 

Beloved in the Lord, " think on these things," 
and the God of all grace help you to do well and 
wisely with the money Providence has loaned lo you. 

Salem, Oregon. 



Before coming to India I began to collect mat- 
ter for development of this subject. Since then I 
had practically until now laid it aside. I intended 
to get the opinions of some five hundred Brethren 
and draw conclusions therefrom. I prepared a 
series of questions on the subject, and had them 
printed. I have with me forty-seven answered pa- 
pers, and I think I had better give the benefit of 
these answers to the Brethren now, for it will per- 
haps be a long time before I can develop the sub- 
ject -furfc'jc^ Of these forty-seven, there are six 
elders, n.'i fen ministers, six deacons, three Sun- 
day-Senate superintendents, three Sunday-school 
teachers and eight laymembers. Two elders have 
gone home, seventeen live in Pennsylvania, sixteen 
in Maryland, and the others are divided between 
Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Iowa, California, Virginia, 
South Carolina and Alabama. 

To the question, " How often do you have family 
worship? " twenty said evening; ten, morning; eight, 
daily; twice a day, five; twice a week, one; Sunday 
evening one. It seems evening prayers are most 
common in the East, but morning prayers in the 

" How much time is taken for each service?" A 
few never took notice. Some did not answer. 
Twelve said ten to fifteen minutes. Ten, from fif- 
teen to twenty minutes. Six, from eight to ten 
minutes. Five, from five to eight minutes. Two, 
ten minutes. One, twelve minutes. Two, thirty 
minutes, and one, from thirty minutes to one hour 
and a half 

" How do you conduct it?" was almost uniform- 
ly answered, " Scripture lesson, followed by prayer, 
closing with the Lord's Prayer." Twenty do not 
have singing in connection with the service, five do, 
and sixteen say, " sometimes, " " occasionally " or 
" not always." 

As to how the lesson of the hour is selected, 
twenty read by rotation, ten select a lesson to suit 
the occasion, or take what is uppermost on the 
mind, six "have no rule" or "just as it happens;" 
four follow daily home readings, perhaps round the 
Sunday-school lesson and two read from Psalms, 
I have no doubt the readings on the Sunday-school 
lesson are more commonly used now, as they are 
given in the Teachers' Quarterly ; at least, they de- 
serve to be. 

Nineteen "sometimes" comment on the lesson; 
thirteen say " no; " four, " yes," and nine, "not fre- 

The parents of twenty-three of these had not 
family worship when they were small and of twen- 
ty-two had. This shows improvement over the 

To the question, " Do you think the custom is in- 
creasing or growing less?" twenty-eight said, "in- 
creasing;" twelve, "don't know;" four, "growing 
less" and two are hopeful that it is on the increase. 
" Do the members of your congregation generally 
have family worship?" Thirteen, yes; ten, think 
not; ten, don't know; three, no; two, "I hope so"; 
two, " about half " and one, " I doubt it." A person 
instinctively thinks, Why don't you know? and 
what's the matter with the other half? as he reads 
these words. 

Many of the Brethren have no one in their em- 
ploy, but those who have, nearly all report that they 
call them in to prayers; thirty, " yes;" three, " when 
convenient;" one, "not unless members" and one 
"when in the family." Such expressions as these 
were added to some of the papers; "yes, always!' 
" rich or poor, " " white or black, " " friend or neigh- 

There are few who would not say at once that 
family worship is a good thing. Answers to the 
question why are various: " Because it helps to 
keep us from thinking or doing evil." " Good influ- 
ence on children and spiritual life of parents." 
" Keeps the spirit of religion alive in you." " Read 
the Scriptures daily and pray always is a command 
to us." " Promotes peace and happiness in the 
home." " It leads all heavenward." " It leads the 
children early to Christ." " Nature, reason and 
revelation teach that God should have first rever- 
ence and worship." " Influence on family and for 
Scripture knowledge." "All prayer in the right 
spirit is helpful." " Because in praying we get 
more like Christ." " Gives power with God." 
" Essential to the welfare of the soul." " Binds the 
family closer together and closer to God " " Be- 
cause of its hallowed influences." " Because of 
Eph. 6: 4." "Influence of a good example." "It 
is first a duty, then a privilege, and it prepares us 
for the duties of the day." " We cannot keep alive 
spiritually without it." 

On how to make it more prevalent, about a score 
say we need more preaching on the subject. " Tell 
of its benefits " " Urge the matter in private 
and public." " Think having a prayer meeting 
would help matters." "Never neglect it when you 
have visitors." " Insist on its benefits." "Preachers 
should instruct how to do it, and how to make it 
interesting; also more short, pointed articles in our 
papers on the subject." 

I wish every man that becomes a brother would 
consider the matter as one expressed it: "Family 
worship was one of our first duties to be per- 
formed after coming into the church." 

One Maryland hard worker says: " Changed from 
evening to morning for the reason that the children 
are brighter and can enjoy the service more, also 
because our hands are present then." 

A Virginia minister writes: " I am sorry that some 
who have worship do not as a rule have it when 
strangers are present. A man who works around a 
good deal told me that of all the families where he 
stayed all night only two had service, and they were 

A schoolteacher preacher says: "I am sure it is 
a benefit physically, if for no other reason, it relieves 
the nerves and takes the mind away from the daily 
cares for a time at least." 

A few, perhaps, feel timid to begin. It's no won- 
der they are timid, having put it off so long. Go 
out in the woods or crawl up into the haymow and 
pray there alone out loud a half hour each day for 
a week, and that timidity will leave you. I know 
well some are more timid than others, but the worst 
can get over it if he wants lo. 

But of all things avoid coldness and formality, 
lest it grow irksome and a dread. Don't pray the 
same as you did yesterday. Yesterday's prayer 
was for yesterday, and yesterday is past. Fathers, 
talk to the Lord as your child talks to you. To say, 
" Bless all for whom it is our duty to pray " is very 
good, but it occurs to me it would be better to men- 
tion the names of those you want to pray for and 
perhaps their condition. That's the way your child 
would refer such a matter to you. Speak out the 
names of your children in prayer, and the name of 

your wife, and the name of your preacher and dea- 
cons. If you have never done so, it will seem per- 
sonal to do so, but salvation is personal, and the 
first time you try it, you'll likely all arise from 
prayer with tears in your eyes. Count that a good 

Our prayers are usually too cold and formal. 
The difference is between making a recitation to the 
Lord and having a conversation with him. Recita- 
tions are at best second-handed, and the Lord de- 
sires first-handed, heart prayers. 

I would suggest sometimes read by rote, but in so 
doing one usually has to mark the place so as not 
to forget it. This is not a good sign. 

Perhaps better read the daily home readings as 
given in the Teachers' Quarterly. They are well select- 
ed. But don't make even that a law unchangeable. 
Look up references sometimes. Omit reading oc- 
casionally and sing only. Repeat all a favorite verse 
around for a change. Stop the reader any time to ask 
a question on the subject. Better read for example, 
Matt. 5: 43-48 and talk about it than to read the whole 
chapter and feel the least bit tired. Have wife to 
lead in prayer often. Perhaps she can read as well 
as you can. Read verse about sometimes. I favor 
calling on any professing Christian to pray; though I 
think some of the Brethren differ on this point. 
Sometimes have two prayers or three, before clos- 
ing with the Lord's Prayer. Never spoil the serv- 
ice by getting into an argument. Suppose some 
one puts in a contrary opinion, you had better say 
only, " Do you think so? " and go on, than to try to 
disestablish some notions, and so lose all the spirit 
of the occasion. Never speak of anything not con- 
nected with the service while assembled for wor- 
ship. Better never think of anything else. 

Indeed, Brethren, the fifteen minutes set apart for 
family worship can become the happiest period of 
the day. I have been in homes where it is so. To 
such people housekeeping without this blessed serv- 
ice is like a buggy without a horse. It is like an 
unwound clock. It is like a beautiful hanging lamp 
with no oil in it. Most all persons expect good 
people to pray, and when they are around they ex- 
pect to hear the voice of prayer. Thrice blessed 
would be our beloved church if every home were a 
heme of prayer, and were a well-established spirit- 
anointed family altar there. 

Bulsar, India, Nov. 10, l8gg. 



From Gal. 6: 8 we learn there are two classes of 
seed that maybe sown, and also that the reaping 
must be of the same character as the seed which 
was sown. This we know to be true in the material 
world. And why not equally so in the spiritual? 
Hence the necessity for special care as to the 
character of what we sow. While we may make 
mistakes, we learn from Gal. 6: 7 that God does not, 
and the best way then for us is always to consult 
the Lord, through his Word, and following that 
guide we will not make mistakes or be deceived. 
"God is not mocked." And therefore, if we sow 
wild grapes, we may not expect to reap and eat the 
sweet and beautiful fruit. 

I have heard young men say that every young 
man ought to be allowed to sow some "wild oats," 
and that it was no harm for a young man to get 
" gentlemanly drunk now and then." Well, if it is 
not wrong for the young man to be gentlemanly 
drunk, — then of course you will allow your best lady 
friend to get " lady drunk " now and then. But not 
one of them will consent to this. They seem to think 
that if she were to do that kind of sowing now, later, 
in life he might find himself in possession of a 
drunken wife. This condition of things could easily 
turn to be the opposite of Psa. 126: 6, which says, 
" He that goeth forth and weepeth, bearing precious 
seed, shall doubtless come again with rejoicing, 
bringing his sheaves with him." This is so much 
better than to go headlong, sowing wild oats, — and 
then have to return with weeping. 
McPherson, /Cans. 



Feb. 3, 1900. 


Sermon Outlines, Homiletical Suggestions and Aids 
for the Minister. 

WWc earnestly solicit contributions lor this department ol the Gos- 
pel Mhs3KNc.hh, Id way ol well prepared sermon outlines, and short, crisp, 
practical helps lor tlie preacher. Due credit will invariably be Riven. Ad- 
dress all matter Intended lor this department to Kid. A. H. I-'ijthrbaugh. 
Bos 77b. Elkhart, Ind. 



Rom. 1: 16-ao. 

I. It is the power of God unto salvation. 
I, To every one that believeth. 

(1) Jew. 

(2) Greek. 

(3) Wi<e. 

(4) Unwise. 
. Therein is the righteousness of God revealed. 

I. From faith to faith. 
(I) In judgment. 
(21 In mercy. 
(3) In love. 

III. The wrath of God is revealed against 

I. All unrighteousness and ungodliness, 
(i) Of men. 

(a) Who hold the truth in unrighteousness. 
(A) Who are hard hearted and impenitent. 
(c) Who are contentious. 
Iff) Who obey not the truth. Rom. 2: 5-1 1. 

IV. No excuse. 

1. Rom. 1: 20. 

2. Rom. 2: 1-4. 

Note. — It may not have been very apparent that the Gos- 
pel is the POWER of God. This is the Brethren's stronghold, 
and should be made apparent and emphatic. To make our 
Christian profession beautifully practical we need to get this 
conceotion indelibly fixed in heart and mind. Matt. 28: 18; 
Mark 16: IS, 16; John 5: 24; 5: 22; 12: 44-50; Rom. 2: 16. 



Those who are fortunate enough to have the Janu- 
ary number of the Homilctic Review, for 1900, will find 
a most excellent article from the pen of Mr. Herrick 
Johnson on the most absorbing subject heading this 
essay. I shall insert a fe,v quotations to give you a 
thirst for a more copious draught from the fountain 
itself. " As it was in the beginning, it is now, and 
ever shall be. The Founder of Christianity made no 
mistake when he staked its triumphal progress down 
through time and its victorious consummation at the 
end of the world on the foolishness of preaching. 
"He chose the agency in full view of the puissant 
forces and Changed conditions of these later cen- 
turies." " And he meant the living preacher. 'Go 
yc into all the world! He knew, as no one else knew, 
the might of truth in personality. The consummate 
flower and power of revelation was he himself, God 
manifest in the flesh. Prophecy! teaching! vision! 
type! earlier theophanies!— what were these com- 
pared with him! How they faded away in the pres- 
ence of the glory and power of truth embodied in 
his divine person; and that person ' in tile flesh] face 
to face with men, sympathetic to their need, sorrow- 
ing with them, touched with the feeling of their in- 
firmities, the Spirit of the Lord upon him, anointed to 
preach the Gospel! Here is the perpetual warrant 
for God's great ordinance of Gospel proclamation." 

" To be like Christ, to stand in his stead and speak 
in his behalf, sensible of a divine commission, per- 
suaded that we are his ambassadors, ... by im- 
mediate internal and effectual call of God; and thus 
persuaded to take the truths of Holy Scripture and 
unfold, illustrate, amplify them for enlightenment 
and persuasion, and have them intensified by pro- 
found personal conviction, fused in the fires of one's 
own soul, poured upon waiting ears and hearts from 
lips touched with God's altar fire, and accompanied 
by every possible adjunct of effective posture and 
gesture and voice — this is preaching. 

" The wheels of organized Christian activities help 
spread the Gospel. The ubiquitous press with its 
prodigious enterprise, scattering its leaves as the 
drops of the morning, wings the divine message to 
millions. Cross-signed lives and transformed char- 
acters tell the story of redemption. And surely the 
Bible, without note or comment, brings Christ to 
many a soul. But no one of these, nor all of them, 
is 'preaching' in the official sense of Christian am- 
bassadorship, and in complete obedience to the 
great commission. The full-orbed glory of the 
meaning of the Master in bidding us preach his 
Word, we do not see, until we see a living man be- 
fore living men with the nameless and potent charm 
of intense personality so crowding into his speech as 

he preaches Christ crucified that it becomes the 
power of God. The total of personality cannot be 
represented by white paper and black ink. The to- 
tal of truth cannot be preached save through per- 
sonality. The man behind the Word; the Word in 
the man; truth in and through the person." . . 
" In this last command of the Master the Word 
preached and the living Christ are tied together for 
all time. The divine order is, ' Go preach my Gos- 
pel' and the divine promise is, ' Lo, I am with you 
alway even to the end of the world.' No modern 
device of human wisdom, no possible agency of any 
sort can supplant the preaching of the Word or sub- 
ordinate the preaching to any other means of Gos- 
pel conquest. . . . The order is the King's. 
And it is the one distinctive order that he backs dis- 
tinctly by a limitless amplitude of power. ' All au- 
thority is given unto me in heaven and on earth. 
Go ye therefore into all the world and preach. Go 
ye therefore and make disciples of all nations.' 
How can preaching fail with such a backing? 
Shame on the church that will fly to other measures 
in despair of this! There ought to be no standing 
room on earth for a preaching coward." 


I have been drawn away somewhat, from my ori- 
ginal intentiou, but the article is so full of truth and 
so fully harmonizes with our position as a church 
upon that subject, that I wish most heartily the 
entire article might be laid before the readers of 
the Messenger. You will secure enough of the 
good things it contains to show that we are not 
alone in pleading for Gospel sermons in harmony 
with the teaching of the Master. It is a fact appar- 
ent to one who thinks, that when the preaching of 
the truth of the blessed Book becomes old and out 
of date and in decadence, Christianity and Christ 
himself will have been regarded as out of date, and 
other means of conquest accepted with Gospel 
means of grace as an attachment only. ' Popular 
religion with its feasts, dances, plays, billiards and 
cards, with but little less objectionable lecture plat- 
form, with scores of other things as drawing factors, 
have so perverted the soul that the cry comes up 
from deserted altars all over our land, seeking a 
remedy, to kindle anew the altar fires for Jesus 
Christ. The remedy is to be found alone in perfect 
allegiance to the Master and a devoutly consecrated 
ministry preaching in thundering tones the whole 
truth of the Gospel in a simple and comprehensive 

The very excellent outline in Gospel Messenger 
No. 2, " The First Circuit Judge, " is from M. M. 
Sherrick. Unintentionally the author's name was 
omitted. Mistakes will occur, and when they do 
we are glad to make amends. p 

had become an open and professed follower of 
Christ. Though the inference leads us to hope that 
he was, the evidence is not as strong as we would 
like to see it. 

He is said to have been a Pharisee and a member 
of the Sanhedrin, and a ruler of the Jews, thus show- 
ing that he was a man of some prominence and had 
authority. While this intensifies his responsibilities, 
it also enlarges the difficulties that were in his way 
of becoming a professed follower of Christ. Tradi- 
tion says that after he had, in assisting Joseph of 
Arimathea in the burial of Christ, thus openly de- 
clared himself a follower of Jesus, and had been bap- 
tized of Peter, he was displaced from his office and 
expelled from Jerusalem. It is further said of him 
that he found refuge in a country house of his cousin 
Gamaliel, and remained there until his death. How 
true this is cannot be determined; neither is it neces- 
sary that we should know. 

There has been much speculation as to why he 
went to Jesus by night. And entirely an assumption, 
it is said that he did it because he was afraid and 
ashamed to go during the day, fearing that in so do- 



Jesus and Nlcodemus John 3: 1-18. 

Lesson for Feb, 11, 1000, 
Golden Text.— For God so loved the world that he gave 
his only begotten Son, that whosorver believeth in him should 
not perhh, but have everlasting life.— John 3: 16. 

In this lesson we have before us a very interesting 
character about whom we would like to know more 
than we can get from Bible history. After the cir- 
cumstance related in this third chapter we hear of 
him only twice. And in neither of these cases does 
he take the bold stand for the Christ that we could 
wish him to do. In the seventh chapter of John, 
when the priests and Pharisees were trying to get 
cause for accusation against him, he seems to stand 
up in his favor and asks: " Doth our law judge any 
man before it hear him and know what he doeth?" 
But for this weak defense he was upbraided by his 
brethren; and, seemingly, he had not the courage to 
stand up against the tidal wave that was brought to 
bear against him. 

Again, in John 19, we have him enlisted in behalf 
of him to whom he came by night. And while this 
circumstance shows that his first interview with the 
Master left strong and favorable impressions on his 
mind and heart, it does not certainly show that he 

ing he would lose his popularity and endanger his 
position. These are, humanly speaking, reasonable 
assumptions because— so we, perhaps, would have 
done had we been placed in a similar condition. 

But quite as good reasons may be adduced that 
would in no way detract from his character or his 
motives. Being a ruler, he may have been a very 
busy man during the day, and therefore had not the 
time to go during the day. And had he had the time 
and disposition to go during the day the interview 
could not not have been had, as Jesus was also a very 
busy man during the day, and could only be consult- 
ed during his leisure hours. So we have no just 
grounds for impugning the motive of this man be- 
cause he went to Jesus by night, as the night-time is 
seasonable for an interview of this kind. 

He was deeply interested in what he had seen and 
heard. And he had been making a home application 
of what he had learned. And as these things re- 
volved over and over again in his min ''Yj made a 
good resolution, one that we all shou'lci v mftl«», arji, 
he would go and see. And he went. Another good 
lesson for us. And further, he made a good confes- 
sion—honest, open and candid— " Rabbi, we know 
that thou art a teacher come from God; for no man 
can do these miracles that thou doest, except God 
be with him." The introduction was a very good 
one and showed that he had not come to crilicise or 
discuss, but to be taught; and Jesus understanding 
this at once commenced teaching. 

Whether he got the thing he went after we don't 
know, but we do know that he got what he needed— 
"how to be saved." And this is what we all need. 
He had seen much, and, to some extent the knowl- 
edge thus attained had affected him favorably. But 
it was not enough that this man should know that 
Jesus came from God. It is not enough for us to 
know, - he was to learn the purpose for which he 
came from God. That man and. women were in a lost 
and dead condition, and to get them out of this con- 
dition and place them in a safe relation with God, 
from whom they were estranged, there must be a 
change, and this change is represented in or by a new 
birth. Ye must be born again. The old life of sin 
must be put off and the new life of righteousness 
must be put on and lived. This, Nicodemus could 
not understand physically. How could these things 
be? Can a man be born when he is old? Not phys- 
ically, but spiritually he may. The man of sin, be 
he old or young, must be crucified to death, and 
the new man that has been deadened through 
sin must again come forth and assert himself. 
This change is most strikingly figured by a birth, 
and this birth is figured in water baptism. Buried 
in water to represent the burial of the old man of sin 
—and the coming up out of the water representing 
the coming forth of the new man in righteousness. 
If Nicodemus could have understood this as we 
understand it, he would not have marveled at the 
teaching of Jesus. That he might understand the 
character of this spiritual birth he illustrated by the 
things that were physical and earthly, and so he was 
led away from the earthly to the heavenly— and the 
question was, if he would not believe the earthly how 
should he believe the heavenly? 

It is a great study to look into the slow but clear 
process of the Master's teaching, both in this case 
and also in that of the interview with the Samaritan 
woman. The woman learned much more than she 
expected, so did Nicodemus, and so may we. 

H. b. B. 










Feb. 3. l 9°°- 





As I went down the street to-day 

I saw a little lad 
Whose face was just the kind of face 

I'o make a person wlad. 
I saw him busily at work, 

While blithe as blackbird's song 
His merry, mellow whistle rang. 

The pleasant street along. 

just then a playmate came along, 

And leaned across the gate, 
A plan that promised lots of fun 

And frolic to relaie. 
" The boys are waiting for us now, 

So hurry up," he cried. 
My little whistler shank his head, 

And '' Can't come," he replied. 

"Can't come? Why not, I'd like to know? 

Wha hinders?" asked the other. 
" Why, don't V' u sec? " came the reply, 

" I'm busy helping mother. 
She's lots to do, and so I like 

To help her all I can; 
So I've no time for fun just now," 

Said this dear little man. 

" 1 like to hear you talk like that," 

I t-.Idthe little lad, 
" Help motherall you can, and make 

Her kind heart light and glad," 
It does me good to think of him, 

And know that there are others 
V\ ho. like this manly little boy. 

Take bold and h- Ip their mothers. 




By the above we do not refer to transplanting 
from earth to heaven. With that we have nothing 
to do*. When a soul has been taken to Paradise, the 
great Gardener there cares for it, and it is beyond 
our control. But in this life many souls are trans- 
planted, and we may help them to live through the 
trying period of existence and grow into beautiful 
and useful citizens, if we will. Go into any garden; 
yqu will find there many of the growing plants have 
been transferred to other soil than that in which 
they were £"* planted. We find that unless we 
projtect tr*>. ^plants from the rays of the sun, and 
Wtake extrA^good care of them for a while, they will 
f wilt, and perhaps die. Some of them may live 
I without care, but they are likely to become weak, 
[ sickly and dwarfed. 

So there are, all around us, souls who have been 
taken from their place of nativity — rooted up from 
their home land — and carried to another state or 
country, where they must settle down among stran- 
gers and adapt their lives to unnatural environ- 
ments. Many of these are young men who have 
gone^to a new country to get a start in life. Yes, 
and there are thousands of older ones too. A ma- 
ture plant needs quite as much care as a younger 
one, when transplanted. It is harder for the mature 
plant to survive a change than for the younger. 
Just so it is with the human soul. Many are young 
wives (not all young though) who have left the 
dear home-roof for a home with companions and 
neighbors untried. Many a lonely hour is spent by 
these transplanted souls who cannot help yearning 
for the dear familiar faces of youth and home. Oh, 
to be called "Mary" once more, instead of the 
stilted title of " Mrs. McCallister." Just to see 
Johnny and Tommy and Sadie and Polly, and dear 
old mother in their common every-day clothes, go- 
ing about their common every-day tasks, and to see 
dear old father once more as we used to see him at 
home! How the heart does ache sometimes, in a 
strange land, 'mongst a lot of formal strangers! 

There is the young man and the young woman 
seeking employment. They carry a smiling face, 
because they have to; but do we ever stop to think 
that maybe that smile was put on with the Sunday 
dress or carefully brushed best coat, to hide an ach- 
ing void within? We should always have an an- 
swering smile and a kind word for those who come 
to us for help, for information, or for anything 
which it would be right to ask. There are every 
>ear thousands of convicts dismissed from the pen- 
'tentiaries. They go away among strangers to try 
to begin life over again, hoping to find employment 
that will enable them to live honest and upright. 
Do they meet with cold rebuff, silent and stony 

stare, careless indifference, or even sneers? How 
can they help falling back in the open door of 
temptation when they are repulsed on every side? 
We do not know their past lives and their present 
heartaches. They do not betray their sorrows and 
misfortunes to neighbors who might only scorn 
their past weakness. We never guess who they are 
or where they have been; but if we could only be 
kind to all we would sometimes touch a tender 
chord in a suffering heart and render unconsciously 
an undying blessing upon a needy one. 

The transplanted soul needs protection from un- 
friendly criticism, just the same as a plant does 
from the sun's rays. There are many lonely ones, 
whom we could reach by means of a friendly visit, 
or an invitation to our homes. There are a thou- 
sand ways in which we may help and bless; let us 
not be blind to our opportunities for doing good to 
those in need of kindness. 

" There's many a lonely blossom, 
That's transplanted in this earth: 
Many lonely hearts are aching 
For their native place of birth. 

" Many souls are longing — sighing — 
For the good old times of yore: 
Many precious souls are dying, 
Just outside their neighbor's door. 

" Transplanted ones need real kindness; 
Else they wilt, and soon may die: 
Shall we let them; — in our blindness — 
Perish while we pass them by? 

" If, to strengthen them, we labor; 
— Protect the rare, tender plant — 
We may gain a worthy neighbor — 
We may help to save a saint." 
Canon City, Colo, 


The footsteps of Mrs. Davis, as she walked briskly 
along, were ringing crisply on the frozen snow. 
She cast quick glances from side to side at the hous- 
es that lined the street. 

" I declare," she mused, " one would be led to 
think that front rooms of people's houses were never 
intended to live in. Four of every five houses are 
black in the face. What a cheerful appearance the 
street would present if everybody would live more 
in their front rooms. Here is our house, too, dark 
and gloomy in front and only a blur of light at the 
side windows. I've been thinking of this for some 

She entered the front door and walked the length 
of the dark hall that opened into the sitting-room. 

" Mrs. Moore is better," she said in answer to the. 
general look of inquiry. "The custard I made for 
her is the only thing she has relished to-day." 

Coming in from the delicious air the room seemed 
hot and stuffy. The family was crowded about the 
one lamp on the table. Her husband was reading; 
Stella, a girl of twelve, bent over her grammar with 
a look of desperation in her face; Frank, almost a 
man, was craning his neck toward the light, en- 
grossed with his beloved study — the dictionary. 
He was a typesetter in his father's office, and in one 
pocket he carried a book on punctuation, and in the 
other a dictionary. A small boy and girl were play- 
ing a new game just bought for the long winter even- 
ings, and carrying on the game in whispers and pan- 
tomime, while Robert, aged four, was drawing a slate 
full of pictures with the screechiest of slate pencils. 
Mrs. Davis seated herself with her mending basket, 
taking mental notes meanwhile. Frequently her 
husband read a bit of news aloud to her, which drew 
a sigh of despair from Stella and impatient change 
of posture from Frank. 

" Oh, dear! " thought Stella; " I'll have to get a 
hammer and pound this old grammar lesson into 
my head. Common school grammar. Indeed! with 
its rules and five hundred or so exceptions. My 
head throbs so I can't remember a thing! " Present- 
ly she got up and put on her wraps. " Mother, 
I'm going over to study with Myrtle. If she asks 
me, may I stay all night? " 

Mrs. Davis reluctantly gave her consent. She 
knew Stella preferred sleeping at home, but she felt 
that it would be quite impossible for herself to con- 
centrate her own mind on any study under existing 
circumstances. Myrtle had a small stove upstairs in 
her room, where the girls could study undisturbed. 

Frank, after shifting his position several times, qui- 
etly closed his book, put it into his pocket, and left 
the room. His mother, with senses alert, heard the 
back door close, the gate shut, and she knew he had 
gone up town. 

Frank wandered along, objectless, save to straight- 
en the kink out of his neck, when a boy across the 
street hailed him. 

"Hello, Davis! That you?" 
11 The same, Sambo." 
Sam ran across the street to join him. 
"Where you bound for?" 

"Nowhere, Where you bound for?" asked 

" Nowhere, too;" then they both laughed and 
turned their steps towards the brilliant stores. 

" How good the air is! I'd like to eat it," said 
Frank, filling his lungs, 

"Awful poky, shut up in a small space in the 
house. Hello! Hear that? Someone is dancing a 
clog in there," indicating a saloon close by; "let's, 
go in a minute," 

" I don't go into saloons," said Frank, pausing 
and looking at the door. 

" Pooh! neither do I as a rule. We won't touch 
any of their snaky stuff, but it is light and warm in 
there, with a reading-room at the back, and maga- 
zines to look at for nothing." 

Sam opened the door, and Frank followed. Al- 
though feeling much out of place, the two boys sat 
down, and while Sam looked over the literature on 
the table, Frank got out his well-thumbed diction- 
ary, and said he would " flush another covey of syn- 
onyms." He thought of the crowd around the table 
at home, and settled back comfortably in his chair. 
When the younger children were abed, Mrs. Davis 
had a talk with her husband. She clearly saw that 
a family of seven, huddled around one lamp, in a 
small, poorly ventilated room, would not contribute 
very much to the happiness of the family, to say 
nothing about the health of it. 

So it was arranged to open the front room. Mrs. 
Davis, early in the afternoon, the next day, opened 
the room, gave it a thorough ventilation, and built 
the fire. 

" Who's coming?" exclaimed the children, when 
they came home from school, and saw the parlor 
door open, revealing a glowing fire. 

" The junior Davises are coming to study," said 
the mother laughing. 

"Is it really for us? Oh, how lovely! I'll clean 
the lamp, and keep the room as neat as wax," ex- 
claimed Stella. 

" And I will make that woodpile think Dewey has 
arrived with all his guns primed," said Frank, wav- 
ing his books above his head. As. he drew up a 
chair he thought, in self-disgust: " Think of my sit- 
ting in that saloon like any old bum! Because they 
saw me there I've had to snub half a dozen rowdies 
to-day who tried to be chummy with me." 

The experiment worked like a charm. However 
trying the daily task, the knowledge that a cozy 
evening awaited them acted like a tonic to tired 
nerves. A week later Frank looked up from his 
book and said, " Sam wonders why some benevolent 
gentleman doesn't fit up a place where boys can 
spend their evenings harmlessly; but I've been 
thinking that benevolence, like charity, begins at 
home. Instead of saddling it all on to one man, it 
could be cut up in pieces say the size of a yeastcake, 
and a piece dropped into every home, where it 
would ferment and expand until home seems the 
brightest spot on earth. This afternoon when I was 
slinging type, this pretty room rose up before me, 
so to speak, and I got so hungry for supper that I 
felt like eating up all the p's, upper and lower case, 
and drinking up the t's ditto." 

Mrs. Davis overheard this conversation, and 
thought to herself: " Some talk big about benefiting 
the world, while the little home-world over which 
we preside grows comfortless and cheerless. Once 
out of its protecting walls they are in an unknown 
country where the objectionable is met on every 
hand. I'll introduce the idea of Frank's unique 
yeast-cakes at the next mother's meeting." — Zion's 



Feb. 3, 1900. 

The Gospel Messenger, 



Brethren Publishing House, 


The General Missionary and Tract Committee. 
35 and 24 South State St , Elgin, III. 

Subscription, $1.50 per Annum la Advance, 

H. B. Brumbaugh, 

"''■ } Editor,. I j' "-, 
. Pa., ' Jos. / 

We still have some numbers of the Doctrinal issue 
on hand. They will be sent free to those who wish 
to place copies where they will do good. 

Bro. S. B. Miller, formerly of Zearing, Iowa, is 
now a resident of Des Moines and is conducting a 
series of meetings at the Brethren's Mission with 
good interest and attendance. 

. Amick Business Manager. 

Adtltnry ConmUlt* i Knorh Eby, Donlil Ilayi. W. R. littler. 

IV All business nnd communications Intended for the paper should be 
addressed to the Brethren Publishing Mouse, Elgin, III,, and not to any 
Individual connected with it. 

Entered at the Post-office at Elgin, 111., as Second-class matter. 

The new church at Trotwood, Ohio, was dedicat- 
ed Jan. 21. 

At Sandy Creek, W. Va., eight recently put on 
Christ in baptism. 

Bro. James M. Neff is engaged in a series of 
meetings at Roann, Ind. 

Bro. Fercken writes us that a few more are to be 
baptized in France soon. 

We have on the hook some interesting " Annual 
Meeting Notes " for the next issue. 

A protracted meeting at Mountville, Pa., re- 
sulted in nine applications for membership. 

Bro. W. I. T. Hoover writes us that the school 
work at Lordsburg, Cal., is moving along pleasantly. 

The protracted meeting at Mt. Morris, 111., still 
continues with a good attendance and an excellent 

/ During the last week of 1899 ten were baptized at 
Bulsar, India. So writes Bro. W. B. Stover under 
date of Dec. 28. 

The meetings at North Manchester, Ind., con- 
ducted by Bro. I. B. Trout, still continue, with 
eleven applicants for baptism. 

Some interesting meetings have been held recent- 
ly at Wade, Kans., resulting in six additions by 
confession and baptism. Bro. John Crist did the 

In the South Waterloo church, Iowa, a Bible 
school will open March 12, and will last ten days. 
It is to be conducted by brethren A. P. Blough and 
W. H. Lichty. 

Bro. Calvin McNellv, of Mt. Carroll, 111., spent 
the first half of January with the members at North 
English, Iowa. He reports good meetings and 
deep spiritual interest. 

Bro. Andrew Hutchison closed his series of 
meetings in the College chapel at Lordsburg, Cal., 
on the evening of Jan. 27, and the next day com- 
menced preaching at Glcndora. 

Bro. W. R. Deeter is now engaged in a series of 
meetings at Hartford City, Ind. On Monday there 
was one applicant for membership and a good in- 
terest in the meeting. 

The wife of Bro. John Metzger, Lordsburg, Cal., 
is slowly recovering from a long and severe spell of 
sickness. Her friends will be glad to learn that she 
is now able to leave her room occasionally. 

The members composing the Brownsville church, 
Md., have great reason to rejoice. Twenty-nine 
were recently added to their number by confession 
and baptism and two were restored to fellowship. 

On page 71 is a selected article on " Lighting up 
the Front Room " that will put hundreds of parents 
to thinking. If fathers and mothers want their chil- 
dren to love home they should make their surround- 
ings as pleasant as possible. 

We wish to commend Bro. C. H. Hawbecker for 
keeping the members in Northern Illinois informed 
regarding the work of the Mission Board. The 
members are furnishing the money and they have a 
right to know what the Board is doing. Why 
cannot all the Boards in the United States 
do the same? Why can they not let the 
members of their respective Districts know what 
they are doing. The columns of the Messenger 
are open to them. True, we usually have plenty 
of matter to fill the paper, but we can always 
make room for reports from the State Boards. 

Bro. D. B. Senger, and wife (better known as 
Sister Martha Click), of Franklin Grove, this State, 
called on us last week, on their way home. They 
were married in Washington a few weeks ago, and 
now enter upon the active duties of life together. 
The Messenger wishes them much happiness as the 
years go by. 

The meetings at Roanoke, La., conductedby Bro. 
C. H. Brown, are still being continued. So far 
twelve have made the good choice, among them 
several " Iambs of the fold." It gives us new hope 
for the future growth and prosperity of the church, 
to hear that so many of the young people are laying 
a foundation for future usefulness so early in life. 
The Lord and his cause demand our all, and why 
not the best years of life? 

No wonder the devil and the world are laughing 
at the churches, when they see all the silly efforts 
that are being made to command public attention. 
Certain people want to make it appear that they 
are very pious, and yet they will flirt with the world 
solely for the purpose of attracting the unconverted 
to a church festival, with a view of getting a little 
money out of them for the "good cause." To the 
world it seems like a silly money-getting affair. 
Why cannot the church be frank with the world, 
pose before the public with becoming Christian 
manhood and womanhood! There is dignity about 
the well-developed Christian life; a dignity that com- 
mands both respect and admiration. Why should 
we attempt to draw the religion of Jesus Christ 
down to the plane of worldly enticements! We 
lose our power over the masses, as well as over the 
thinking classes, whenever we attempt to be just 
silly enough to attract the attention of the light 
minded. The design of Christianity is to elevate, 
not to degrade. 

One of our brethren writes and tells of the fruit- 
less attempts to hold two series of meetings in his 
locality. Last winter a minister came and com- 
menced preaching the Gospel. Then came another 
preacher and talked emigration and the people paid 
more attention to the emigration preacher than to 
the one who was preaching the Gospel. This win- 
ter the church concluded to make another effort, 
and met with the same failure. The writer feels 
grieved to think that things of this kind should oc- 
cur. We do not know to whom this may apply, nor 
is it necessary for us to know, but one thing cer- 
tain, if Paul should happen in a congregation where 
a series of meetings is in progress, no one would 
find him interfering with the services by talking up 
emigration to Macedonia or any other place, He 
would be in the meeting, helping to give it life and 
inspiration. That is what we might expect of Paul, 
and it is no more than proper that we should look 
for the same elements in every consecrated minister 
of the Gospel. 

One of our readers thinks the Messenger has too 
much to say about clothes. This may possibly be 
true, but we hardly think so, and yet if it is, we con- 
sole ourselves with the thought that what is said is 
on the safe side of the question. Our aim is to 
plant good seed in the hearts of the people, and 
should we now and then happen to get too much of 
the good thing at one place, it is far better than to 
sow evil seed, for out of the abundance sown some of 
the good seed may take root, grow, and result in a 
pious and useful life, separated from the world. 
Satan is constantly sowing tares among the wheat, 
and it requires untiring effort upori the part of the 
faithful to counteract the baneful influence. The 
world is publishing a hundred times as much in the 
interest of fashionable attire as the press is sending 
forth in support of the plainness recommended in 
the New Testament. The trouble is with the fash- 
ionable world, and not with the loyal press. So 
long as there is evil in the world the Messenger 
must do her part in trying to counteract it. 

A friend meeting one of our deacons in a certain 
city said: " Your church is the only church in this 
city where the members are not quarreling." That 
is the way we like to hear people talking about 
the Brethren. This is what ought to be said of ev- 
ery congregation in the Brotherhood. We should 
live in peace, and in this way demonstrate to our 
neighbors that we love one another. God never in- 
tended that his people should come together at 
their accustomed places of worship, and spend their 
precious time quarreling. 


One time there was a little trouble between Paul 
and Barnabas. It was unfortunate, for they were 
both good men, and then it doubtless had its influ- 
ence on the minds of others. They were sensible 
enough to separate and not carry their troubles into 
the church where they resided. Each one went on 
about his Master's business. In time the little 
differences between them passed away and thev 
were fast friends. Had they talked about each 
other and got the church at Antioch divided over 
their differences, the results might hav,'- r »'*'n disas- 
trous. Their example is to be reccK*itfi'<Kad*>j i^, 
preachers who cannot work together harmoniously. 

Now and then communications reach our desk 
telling of troubles between certain ministers, and the 
divided condition of the members because of these 
troubles. How much better it would be for the 
church if the ministers who cannot work pleasantly 
together would separate, and each find a separate 
field of labor! In time their differences would dis- 
appear, and no harm could result from their once 
strained relations to each other. The mere fact 
that two men cannot work together pleasantly is no 
proof that they are not good men. It is the way 
they are made. They may harmonize all right with 
others, though they may not be able to work 
smoothly with each other. Separate fields of labor 
is the remedy for such cases, and Paul and Barnabas 
set the example. It may be well for us to bear in 
mind that the Lord can get along with some people 
who cannot get along with each other. 


God has given us no good thing that may not be 
misused and abused. The Christian religion, heav- 
en's greatest and best gift to humanity, is no excep- 
tion to the rule. 

That the Missionary Endowment Fund may be 
misused and abused is not to be denied, but this no 
more furnishes an argument against the fund than 
the abuse of Christianity furnishes an argument 
against the religion of Christ. That the loaning of 
the endowment fund at a lawful rate of interest, and 
properly securing it in harmony with the best moral 
and ethical sense of the time in which we live, is 
abusing it, is a mistaken notion, based on a misun- 
derstanding of the facts in the case. 

That people are often oppressed when they bor- 
row money and are unable to pay it back is true; 
also they are often oppressed when they rent land 
and are unable to pay the rent; but these are not ar- 

Feb. 3, 1900. 



guments against either loaning money or renting 
land. It is always wrong to oppress the poor, but 
to say that loaning money at a lawful rate of inter- 
est to those able to pay for its use, and to properly 
secure it, is oppressing the poor is a statement not 
based on fact. It is always wrong to oppress the 
poor, and equally wrong to borrow money and not 
pay it back, if within the range of human possibility 
to make payment. There is a rule for borrower and 
lender that avoids all difficulty: " Do unto others as 
you would have others do unto you." 

Some statements made during the last year on the 
loaning and securing of the endowment fund are 
here considered in the spirit of love. It should be 
the object of all investigation to arrive at the truth. 
This is the purpose of what appears in this issue of 
the Messenger. 

The questions involved should be properly stated, 
for so stated they are more than half solved. Three 
questions appear prominent in the matter under 

First. Is it right to loan money at lawful interest 
to those amply able to pay for its use? 

Second. Is it right to receive sufficient security 
for the repayment of the money so loaned that the 
owners do not suffer loss? 

Third. Is it right for the General Missionary and 
Tract Committee to -take charge of an endowment 
fund, loan it at a lawful rate of interest to those am- 
ply able to pay for its use, secure the money so that 
it be not lost, and use the interest to carry forward 
the work intrusted to their care by the church? 

An affirmative answer must be given to the first 
question. Under the law the taking of usury was 
allowed under some conditions and disallowed un- 
der others* The first Scripture referred to sets 
forth that interest shall not be exacted from the 
poor; the second allows the Jews to put out their 
'. mono-he^/-. ™ury to strangers. The Gospel is silent 
- ^n th% - -?t*stion. " Lend, hoping for nothing in re- 
turn," no more applies to loaning money to those 
able to pay for its use than it does to the leasing of 
a house or farm to one able to pay rent for them. 
Both Law and Gospel are against oppressing the 
poor, but taking lawful interest for the use of mon- 
ey from those amply able to pay is not oppressing 
the poor, neither is it contrary to Law or Gospel. 

The second proposition is to be met as a moral 
question, upon which the Gospel is silent. If it be 
wrong to take security it is also wrong to give it. 
The principle involved is that if wrong lies in a mu- 
tual act both parties to the act are blameworthy. 
Under the Law the taking of a pledge for the pay- 
ment of a loan was allowed. At the same time pro- 
vision was made that the giving of a pledge, or 
mortgage, should not be used to oppress the poor. 
Those who were not poor were rightly required to 
redeem their pledges. The entire question hinges 
on the oppression of the poor. If the brethren who 
compose the Missionary Committee have in any 
way done this, in the management of the money en- 
trusted to them for the mission work of the church, 
then they have violated the principles of Law, Gos- 
pel and Church. If they have used care and pru- 
dence in loaning the money intrusted to their care, 
which they have always regarded as a sacred trust, 
loaning it to those who are amply able to pay for its 
use and to secure it against loss, then are they not 
blameworthy, but rather to be praised for using and 
not abusing the Lord's money. 

As to the third point, it does not seem wrong for 
a brother or a sister to give a farm or ten thousand 
dollars in money, the rental, or lawful interest, of 
which is to be used for the mission work of the 
church. The man who works hard, is economical, 
and saves his money that he may give to the spread 
of the Gospel, is laying up treasures in heaven; and 
this whether he gives it in the shape of a farm 

•Ex. 32: as; Deut. 23: 20. 

worth ten thousand dollars, or sells the farm 
and gives the money, stipulating that the rental in 
the first case or the lawful interest in the second be 
used for missions, even if it be used until the Lord 
comes"; for the Master said: " Occupy until I come." 
When some of the early Christians sold their 
farms and laid the money down at the apostles' 
feet, there must have been some plan adopted to 
care for the sacred trust. It could not have all 
been used at once. Without doubt it was placed in 
safe keeping. It may have been put to the ex- 
changers, and if so was without doubt properly se- 
cured. In thus receiving and caring for the money 
the apostles were not laying up treasures on the 
earth. But whatever the method, it can have no 
particular bearing on the time in which we live 
when the funds and property of religious societies 
are amply protected by law. 

Here, in Northern Illinois, is an Old People's Home. 
A man said, " I want to place a sum of money at in- 
terest " (sixteen thousand dollars, I believe, was the 
amount) "and have the income go to the support 
of the aged and infirm who do not have the means 
to support themselves in their old age." The trus- 
tees, appointed by the church, accepted the trust 
and are now using the interest on the money to sup- 
port the poor. Who will say that either the giving 
or the receiving was wrong? It looks very much 
like laying up treasures in heaven. Does the 
church of Northern Illinois become a den of thieves 
because the trustees she appointed accepted this 
sacred trust and loan the funds to those amply ablt- 
to pay lawful interest for its use and give proper se^ 
curity for its repayment when they do not wish to use 
it longer, and use the income to support the poor? 
Nay, verily. 

Brother and Sister Gish set apart fifty thousand 
dollars, the income from which is to be used in fur- 
nishing our ministers with good books, and assisting 
the aged and infirm in need. Who will say they 
did wrong, or that the Committee did wrong in ac- 
cepting the sacred trust? Rather we, as a people, 
should be grateful to these generous-hearted ones 
for their benevolence, and to the Committee for 
faithfully caring for the funds. 

From these considerations the only logical con- 
clusion to be drawn is that it is right for the Mis- 
sionary Committee to receive money as a sacred 
trust for the church and for the Lord's work, to 
loan it at lawful interest to those amply able to pay 
for its use and to properly secure it against loss. No 
principle is violated in doing this, so long as the 
right is not abused. 

Several other points remain to be considered 
briefly. An attempt has been made to draw an 
analogy between the loaning of the endowment 
fund and the condition found in the temple at Jeru- 
salem in the days of our Lord, and by implication 
that the General Missionary and Tract Committee 
has made the church a den of thieves. But the 
cases are not analogous, and the comparison is un- 
fair. It is just as fair to say that because the Breth- 
ren eat the Lord's Supper in the churchhouse, there- 
fore they are making the church a place of feast- 
ing, as is charged by some opponents of the Lord's 
Supper. Both are entirely wrong. 

One may easily set up a supposed case and by 
implication say harsh things about the General Mis- 
sionary Committee, loaning money to oppress the 
poor, selling the homes of the unfortunate and 
turning them out upon the cold world, but such im- 
plications are not according to the facts in the case, 
neither do they pass for arguments. 

The purpose for which the General Missionary 
and Tract Committee was appointed may not be 
clearly understood. The Committee was appointed 
to send suitable Brethren to preach the Gospel, to 
assist in building plain houses of worship, to print 
and distribute books and tracts and to own and con- 

trol the publishing interests of the church. The 
Committee was not appointed to dispense the char- 
ities of the church to the poor. It was appointed 
for a definite purpose and a large part of its work is 
of a purely business character. So long as the 
Committee violates no Gospel principle in attend- 
ing to the business intrusted to its care by the 
church, it is not to be blamed. If it abuses its pow- 
er and authority in any way it is amenable to the 
Brotherhood and should be dealt with promptly. 

The Committee may engage in the business in- 
trusted to its hands by the church, and there can be 
no violation of principle in this unless the business 
itself be wrong. As a matter of right the Commit- 
tee may do what is right for any individual mem- 
ber of the church to do, provided the doing comes 
within its province. There cannot be two standards 
of right, one for the Committee and another for in- 
dividuals, The moral quality of the act remains un- 
changed. There can be no such things as two 
standards of right. 

The church has charitable work, and a committee 
to make calls and look after the distribution of the 
money given for such purposes, as for example 
the call tor the India famine fund. The money is 
sent to India, and there cared for and properly 
used. Such an unexpected response was made to 
the call that the money cannot all be used at once. 
It must be cared for by our Brethren in India. 
Would they be blameworthy if they put it in a bank 
where it could be properly secured, and receive 
something for its use from time to time until it can 
be properly and judiciously distributed? 

Some years ago the church decided to raise a 
fund for the poor members in Denmark. About 
four thousand dollars was sent in, much more than 
was required for immediate use. Two thousand 
dollars was sent to Denmark and placed in the 
hands of a committee there to care for and distri- 
bute as necessity demanded. The balance was 
loaned here and properly secured until it was need- 
ed. Result, a considerable addition to the fund. 
Who will say that this was wrong? Would it have 
been better to hide the Lord's money in a napkin 
and bury it in the earth?" It would have been 
wrong and wasteful to have done so, and would not 
receive the Lord's approval when he comes to re- 
ceive his own with increase. 

Taking a mortgage does not imply that the law 
must be used to collect the money, no more than 
taking a note for money loaned implies that a suit 
at law must follow for collection. If all men were 
honest there would be no use for notes or mortgag- 
es. The security is taken not to oppress the bor- 
rower, but to secure the fund against loss by those 
who are disposed to take advantage of their fellows. 
Where it occurs that a man who is amply able to 
pay a just debt and refuses because, as is sometimes 
the case, the Brethren do not go to law, the counsel 
of the church is taken, and if the case is a plain at- 
tempt to defraud, collections have been allowed by I 
the church, and this is right. 

It should be remembered that the Missionary En- 
dowment Fund was not donated as a fund for char- 
ity. It was given to carry on the mission work of 
the church. The church has funds for charity. 
The Brethren who have composed the Committee 
from time to time since its organization, have always 
regarded the endowment fund as a sacred trust. 
They have not sought to oppress the poor with it, 
and the statement that it is so used is not in line 
with the facts in the case. The fund is loaned to 
those able to pay lawful interest for its use and to 
properly secure it against loss. In thus raising, car- 
ing for, investing and using the increase of the 
Lord's money the General Missionary and Tract 
Committee have labored in harmony with the deci- 
sions of Annual Meeting, and also in line with the 
principles of the Gospel of Jesus Christ, d; l. m. 


the gospel 3ve:essie:n-g:e:r,. 

Feb. 3, 1900. 


Our title may not be considered a very elegant 
use of language, yet it is expressive of what we think 
of saying. Time is divided into periods and by 
these periods we measure our work and our lives. 
Only a short time ago we rounded up the year 1809; 
and now, for a season, we will be rounding up shorter 
periods — months, weeks, days and hours. 

This is Saturday evening, an odd time for writing, 
but we have had some impressions and we have con- 
cluded to pen them down, and thus round up the 
week. In some respects it has been rather gloomy, 
because of the weather, and no matter how indiffer- 
ent we may try to be in regard to these things, they 
will intrude themselves upon us, and as far as they 
touch our lives so much are we affected by them. 
It is just as important for our health, pleasure and 
general well-being that we have clouds and rain as 
clear skies and sunshine; yet we do not always 
see as we should, and therefore often demur when 
we should joyfully accede and accept. 

What has the week been? Largely what the 
world has made it, and as we are a part and factor in 
the world we had our share in making it what it now is 
as " rounded up." Wars and rumors of wars continue 
to be the news of the day. Men are being killed 
by the hundreds and thousands by cannon, shell, 
shot and sword. Both sides are fighting for. the 
right and praying that wrong and oppression might 
cease. Especially is this true of the British and 
African war. They have their Bibles and chaplains. 
They read, preach and pray that the God of wars 
may give them success over their enemies; and as 
both armies are praying for the same thing it be- 
comes a very serious question on the part of the 
neutrals and lookers-on to tell whom the Lord shall 
hear or whether there is a God of war, whether the 
Lord delights to see brothers array themselves into 
armies to kill and murder each other because they 
cannot see eye to eye as to just how certain countries, 
or certain parts thereof, should be governed. We 
know that the Lord is a God of love and peace, and 
that he delights in having his children walk together 
in harmony and peace. Often the blessed Book says; 
"Love one another," but nowhere," Kill one another." 
In a iate number of the Christian Herald we notice 
these words: "We are in receipt of several letters 
from our readers who take us to task because this 
journal has not enthusiastically espoused the cause of 
England in the South African war. To these well- 
meaning inquiries we have simply to say that to ad- 
vocate the cause of either belligerent would be 
wholly inconsistent on the part of a journal which 
upholds the principles of the Prince of Peace. It 
is the duty of a Christian newspaper to exert its in- 
fluence towards dissuading nations and governments 
from adopting the sword as a means of settling their 
difficulties, and to use arbitration instead." Cer- 
tainly so-Christians arc- like Christ-and he is the 
King of Peace, and those who are the subjects of this 
kingdom are the children of peace. This is good 
reasoning and plain enough to be understood. 

Just now our great dailies are filled with war news 
and politics. In Washington' our statesmen have 
spent the week in discussing the money and Mormon 
questions, and the seating, in our halls of righteous 
lawmaking, of such men as Young, Clark and Quay 
We suppose they should be seated somewhere but 
where they belong. We shall not decide where 'that 
is, because we don't know. A Christian nation 
ought to have Christian men at its head. 

How the week has " rounded up " there we do not 
know, but we are glad to believe that the Lord rules 
the destinies of nations; and when he asks us to 
pray for kings and nations, he does it in order that 
we shall do so, and on our doing so he will hear us. 
The Lord has respect for the earnest cries of his 
people. Let us all cry mightily unto the Lord that 
his will may be done on earth as it is in heaven. 

The business world bas, perhaps, had the most ' In their intercourse with the wotld they demanded •■ the right- 
busy week. Railroad corporations are touching eousmss of character before all men, which the W,. r d enj ins 
noses and shaking hands that they may the more "' he 7 del ' c< - " f ^j",^;. "d as ,he recommendation 
... ,f . , . /„, ' ""-"'""- of his rel poii 10 mankind." In their relation to each other they 

successfully run their business and fill their coffers, were all brethren, •'having no distinction in the church except 
Consolidations of all kinds of interests are the order I whaI S llls necessarily create." 

of the day and what the end will be we don't know '■ " Tbe 1 uesli °" s and disputations that generally prevail 

1 -...,., ... ' among prolessn g Christians," they declare, "have no Dlace 

and were It not that We know that the Lord still lives : among us; their reasonings and speculations occup, r no pari o! 

and directs the affairs of nations, we might well our time. The knowledge of the simple truths declared by the 

' Lord Jesus and his apostles, 

hang our harps on the willows and refuse to sing be- 
cause we are in a strange land. 

And as we see the daily chapters on robbery, di- 
vorces, suicides, murders, etc., long, low and cTevilish, 
we may well discuss the subject, "Is the world grow- 
ing better?" If it is, the better side is most carefully 
kept out of the newspapers; and there is not as 
much of it in the church papers as there should be. 
Let your light so shine that it may be seen. 


Some of our old brethren have maintained that in 
the very early part of their history the Disciples— 
sometimes called Christians— practiced fefet-wash- 
ing as a religious rite, but were never able to prove 
it. But a leading preacher and writer of that body 
now comes forward and proves it for them. The 
following we clip from the Christiaji Evangelist, of 
Jan. 4, 1900, published at St. Louis, Mo. It tells 
how these people, when the Bible was the only rule 
of conduct, deemed it important to engage in the 
washing of feet and also observed the kiss of chari- 
ty. We give enough of the article to preserve .the 
connecting thoughts complete: 


Pioneer Disciples in the East. 

The first or a series of Eour articles on the Pioneer Disciples, 

Bv F, D. Power, Direct* r. 

The Eastern beginnings of the people known as the Disci- 
ples of Christ were in the Empire State. The first congrega- 
tion was founded in New York City where— i speak it to our 
shame— we have made Jess- progress than in any other city in 
the United States. For many years previous to this churches 
of a similar order had existed in Glasgow, Dublin, Edinburg, 
Manchester and at other points in the mother country known 
as "Churches of Christ," Under date of March ist, 1818, the 
New York congregation addressed a letter to churches of like 
faith and order, speaking of themselves as "the churches pro- 
fessing obedience to the faith of Jesus Christ, assembling to- 
gether in New York," and giving a brief sketcn of their public 
worship, soliciting that wherein others might differ from them in 
any matter they would refer to apostolic practice, as they were 
"disposed to admit that alone as obligatory which can be 
clearly adduced from the New Testament without aid of soph- 
istry or allusion to the practices of men." 

The order which they derived from the law of Christ is giv- 
en as follows: " We require that all whom we receive into fel- 
lowship should believe in their heart and confess with their 
mouth that Jesus is the Christ, that he died for our sins ac- 
cording to the Scriptures, and that upon such confession, and 
such alone, they should be baptized. 

" We hold it to be the duty and privilege of the Disciples of 
Jesus to come together into one place on every first day of tbe 
week. When thus assembled we pr ceed to attend to all the 
ordinances which we can discover to be enjoin d by the prac- 
tice of the first churches and the commandments of the Lord 
and his apostles. 

" I. Our elders presiding, we commence our public worship 
by kneeling down and offering the prayers directed in 1 Tim, 

and the practical godliness aris- 
ing from that knowledge, are things whereon we desire to 
bestow our attention. " 

This church separated from the Baptists in l8r6. Henry 
Erret, father of Isaac Erret, was one of its elders. Barton W. 
Stone and his associates in Kentucky, in 1804, announced to 
the chmch and ihe world that they took " tbe Bible alone as a 
rule of faith and practice, to the exclusion of all human 
creeds, confessons and disciplines, and the name Christian to 
the exclusion of all sectarian or denominational desigr ations 
or names." Thomas Campbell, in Pennsylvania, in 1809, pub- 
lished the famous "Declaration and Address." In 1811 the 
Brush Run church was organized as the "first church of the 
Christian Association of Washington County, Pa.," and the 
second church at Wellsburg. 1823, and it was not until 1829 
that Mr. dmpbell separated irom the Baptists. It will be 
seen, therefore, th it the New York church was one of *he 
pioneer societies in the reform movement; strictly the pioi eer 
of the pioneer*. Among the pioneer workers in the Empire 
State were Sbepaid, Benedict, Lowell, Moss, Hayden and 


" 2. One of the elders selects a suitable hymn, in the singing 
of which all the members stand up and join. 

" 3. A portion of the Word of God is read relative to the in- 
stitution of the Lord's Supper, which is observed. 

" 4. The collection for the pojr saints follows. 

"5. Previous to the reading of the Holy Scriptures prayer 
for the Holy Spirit to open the understanding of all present to 
understand and receive tbe sacred Word. The reading con- 
sists of a chapter in the law, one in the prophets and one in 
the New Testament, and opportunity for remarks is given. 

" 6. Exhortation by elders or brethren, 

" 7. Praise. 
f 8. Prayer." 

f In the evening the church assembled for worship and "the 
elders or some other of the brethren, approved by the church, 
declared the gospel to those without." The kiss of charity, 
the washing of the feet and the entertainment of the disciples 
"being things, the performance of which arises from special 
occasions exemplified in the New Testament," they deemed of 
importance to be attended to on such occasions. 

If the duties of their .nice rendered aid necessary this 
church deemed it their duty and privilege to communicate 
liberally to the elders, as the " laborer is worthy of- Jiis hire.'. 

A pastor of a certain city church hands to each 
member of his flock a card containing the following: 


" You are earnestly requested to notify, at once, ydttr pastor 
and class-leader, in Person or by matt, — 

"1. \\ hen you notice strung' rs at a church service who seem 
to be overlooked or not cordially welcomed, 

"2. When there is sickness or distress In your own house- 
hold, or that of members or friends of the church, where the 
presence of the pastor or class leader are desired. 

"3. When you know of a case of need that should have the 
attention of the class-leader and Aid Society. 

4. " When you change your residence and address. 

"Please attend all services of the church regularly and 
promptly. Your presence is a testimony for, your absence 
against, Christ and the church. " 

Here will be found some excellent hints jLj n the 
elders having charge of congregations in cities, 
towns, and villages. The time is at hand when we 
need to concern ourselves more about strangers who 
attend church', as well as the sick and poor who re- 
quire sympathy and aid, 


The following, which comes to us under date of 
Jan. 16, was not intended for publication, but it 
makes good reading and calls attention to some 
things worthy of our consideration. We have enter- 
ed upon a period in our church history where we 
should look more to the Bible for guidance and less 
to men! 

Dear Messenger; — I desire to enter my earnest approval to 
what A. W, Reese has said under " Popular Religion" in Nos. 
1 and 2, and H. B. Brumbaugh's " Are we Consistent?" We 
must not forget that some of the doctrines we uphold are un- 
popular in our day, and the prevailing religion is against us". 
We must not be too compromising. We must let it be known 
where we stand. Our reasoning must be sound and based 
upon the Word of God, and true philosophy. Brother Reese 
has touched upon a vital point and treated it masteriully. I 
suggest that he revise it a little, suitable for a tract, and let 
copies of it be scattered by the million. 

Our ministers, especially the younger ones, need to study 
well the subject — doctrine — of conversion and the work of the 
'■ Holy Spirit. Proselyting is one thing, and bringing about a 
true conversion is quite another. 

We want to preach less about "great men," tellfewer stories 
and indulge cautiously in thrilling "experiences," and more of 
"Je-us and him crucified." Surely the Messenger has made 
a good beginning for the new year. It will mean work to keep 
it up. Jas. A. Sell. 

McKees Cap, Pa. 

In this issue Bro. C. H. Hawbecker, of our Dis- 
trict Mission Board, has Something to say about the 
preachers in Northern Illinois, that ought to put 
them to thinking. We sometimes wonder if we are 
neglecting our Father's business. Then, if we do 
not have ministers enough to supply the demand, 
why not elect more? Thert* is plenty of material in 
the District. 

Feb. 3, 1900. 


jeneral Missionary 


...Tract Department. 


D. L. Miller, Illinois I S.F.Sanger. Virginia 

L. W. Tbebtr, Indiana | At B. Barnhart, • Md 

John Zuck, - Iowa. 

^"Address all business to General MUslooHry 
and Trnct Committee, Elgin, IILIooIb. 

of the General Mission- 
ary and Tract Committee will be 
held in Elgin, 111., on Tuesday, Feb- 
ruary 13, 1900. All business for the 
Meeting should be in writing and in 
the office of the Committee not later 
than February 1 




This is rather a strange question, and yet a 
belief that it does is not a stranger in the 
minds of some individuals. And in these days 
of an "awakened missionary conscience it is 
well briefly to consider the question. 

That there is too much worldliness in the 
church to-day is as true now as it has been ev- 
ery year in her history. That there is a great 
er and better organized missionary movement 
than there was a decade ago is denied by no 
one. That the church is more worldly now 
than she was twenty years ago, let those speak 
who were active and well informed then, and 
have continued active and earnest even until to- 
day. The writer is too young to make a com- 

Missionary work has brought inlo action a 
new element in the Fraternity, — the yourn; 
people who are members. Missionary enter- 
prise has afforded them avenues for work 
which the church did not before have. These 
young people, with consecrated hearts and 
ywilling {rands, have taken hold, many of them 
j under* ^me severe discouragements, and are 
nraic.i^/jiem'stlves felt in the general organ- 
ization through their untiring efforts. Coming 
thus to the front they pass under the scrutiniz- 
ing eye of the Brotherhood, and the verdict in 
some minds is that the church 
worldward very rapidly. 

Whether this jury has carefully investigated 
the convictions of these same young people is 
not known. But for argument sake, let it be 
considered that they are 'not "sound in the 
faith" on these points. Should the missionary 
spirit of the church carry the blame? Who 
have been the parents of these young mem- 
bers? Who have been their Sunday-school 
teachers? Who have been their preachers, 
while "hangers on" they attended regularly 
the services of the Brethren, before the> 
j lined the church? Who have been taking 
pains to indoctrinate them since they are in 
the church? 

Nay, brethren, the missionary movement 
may be responsible for giving young members 
avenues in which to develop and make them- 
selves felt, but if any of them are not "sound 
in the faith" or are "too worldly," the fault 
lies not in the onward movement of world-wide 
evangelization, but elsewhere in the organism 
of the Brotherhood. Further, possibly when 
the inner fiber of conviction of some of these 
"worldly ones" is examined, they are as sound 
in the faith of the Lord Jesus Christ, and about 
as able to give a reason for the hope that is in 
them, as any one. 

Finally, that there is too much worldliness in 
the church to-day goes without saying; but let 
not the missionary movement carry a blame 
that does not belong to it. Let it be placed 
elsewhere, where it belongs. 


the call, sent on Nov. 16 a check for S200. be- 
fore that much money was received. After 
that checks were forwarded as follows: 

Nov. 32, g 500 

Nov 28 

Dec. 4, 3,000 

Dec. 13, 5,000 

Jan. 25, 4i3O0 

Making a total of $14,000 placed in the bands 
of the missionaries in India, or on the way there 

The quickest possible reply from India by 
mail is nine weeks from the time it leaves El- 
gin, Illinois, so that an acknowledgment of the 
first money sent could not be expected before 
Jan. 18. The office has received Bro. Stover's 
acknowledgment of the S200, but he did it so 
hurriedly to reach the mail that he had but lit- 
tle time for comment and no time to use the 
money yet. To-day (Jan. 25) and any day fol- 
lowing a receipt for the S500 will likely come, 
but when this has been received Bro. Stover 
will have had $200 in his hands but one week 
towards famine relief work. They have not yet 
felt the touch of enthusiasm that will come 
when the later remittances are received and 
acknowledged. The office will have to v 
yet about four weeks before the acknowledg- 
ment of the $5,000 is received, and about ten 
weeks before the §4,300 is receipted for. 

Then the workers must have a little time to 
work before they can report work. So it will 
be seen that there is little prospect of much 
news of the progress of relief work for from 
three to eight weeks. 

Be assured, however, as deeply interested as 
the workers in India are, and as hard as they 
are working, they will have much to say after 
a while. No doubt some of the reports are on 
the way just now. In due time they will be re- 
ceived and published. g. b. r. 



It is but natural that those who give so lib- 
erally to the India famine fund should be ex- 
pecting a report from the workers in the field. 
A few words will explain why such report has 
not yet appeared. 

The office, anticipating a liberal response to 

The minister's eyes swept with intense 
searching the faces of his congregation. He 
had made an impassioned appeal for help in 
the support of a little mission church among 
the mountains — a section where rough men 
and women knew scarcely anything of God 
and the religion of Christ. He had hoped to 
inspire the people with the spirit of giving, to 
make them feel that it was a sweet, blessed 
privilege, and— he had "failed. A deep sense 
of desolation crept over him, 

"God help me," his lips murmured mutely. 
He could not see the bent figure of little crip- 
oled Maggie in the rear of the church— a fig- 
ure that was trembling under the fire of his 

" Lord Jesus," the little one was saying brok- 
enly, "I ain't got nothin' ter give; I want the 
people in the mountains to hear 'bout my Sav- 
ior, O Lord, I ain't got nothin' ter—" 

What was it that made the child catch her 
breath as though a cold hand had taken hold of 
her heart? " Yes, you have, Maggie," whispered 
a voice from somewhere; "you've got your 
crutch, your beautiful crutch thar was give ter 
you, and is worth a lot of shinin' dollars. You 
kin give up your best frien' what helps you to 
git into the park where the birds sing, and takes 
you to preachin,' and makes your life happy." 
" no, Lord! " sobbed the child, choking and 
shivering. "Yes, yes, I will! He gave up 
more'n that for me." 

Blindly she extended the polished crutch and 
placed it in the hand of the deacon who was 
taking up the scanty collection. For a moment 
the man was puzzled; then, comprehending her 
meaning, he carried her crutch to the front of 
the church and laid it on the table in front of 
the old pulpit. The minister stepped down 
from the rostrum and held up the crutch with 
shaking hands. The sublimity of the renun- 
ciation unnerved him so that be could not speak 
for a moment. 

"Do you see it, my people," he faltered at 
last; "little crippled Maggie's crutch— all that 
she has to make life comfortable? She has 
given it to the Lord, and you — " 

" Does anyone want to contribute to the mis- 
sion cause the amount of money this crutch 
would bring, and give it back to the child who 
is so helpless without it?" the minister asked 

Fifty dollars," came in husky tones from 
the banker. 
" Twenty-five." 
" One hundred." 

And so the subscribing went on, until papers 
equivalent to $600 were lightly piled over the 
crutch on the table. 

"Ah! you have found your hearts— thank 
God! Let us receive the benediction," almost 
whispered the minister as he suddenly extended 
his hands, which were trembling with emotion. 
Little Maggie, absorbed in the magnitude of 
her offering and the love that prompted it, com- 
prehended nothing that had taken place. She 
had no thought for the future, of how she would 
reach her humble home, or of the days in which 
she would sit helpless in her chair as she had 
once done. Christ had demanded her all, and 
she had given it with the blind laith of an 
Abraham. She understood better when 
woman's arms drew her into close embrace, and 
soft lips whispered in her ear: " Maggie, dear, 
your crutch has made S600 for the mission 
church among the mountains, and has come 
back to stay with you again. Take it, little 

Like a flash of light there came the conscious' 
ness that in some mysterious way her gift had 
been accepted of God, and returned to her, and 
with a cry of joy the child caught the beloved 
crutch to her lonely heart; then smiling through 
her tears at the kind faces and reverential eyes, 
she hobbled out of the sanctuary. — Gertrude 
Manley Jones, in " The Gospel in all Lands, " 


It is a commendable spirit that prompts a 
giver from withholding his name when he 
sends in his donation. But permit a few sug- 
gestions referring to sending in money that 
will save any trouble afterwards. Always give 
your name and address in full, and by simply 
asking that your name, or your name and post 
office, be withheld, they will not appear in 
print. By doing this a receipt can be sent you, 
in whatever manner you desire, your letter can 
be filed so that it can be found if wanted, and 
should some mistake occur, it could be readily 
righted. To illustrate the embarrassment the 
office can be placed in, note the following cir- 
cumstance: A brother wrote to the office and 
asked if the dollar bill he had enclosed in a 
etter had been received, That is, he simply 
wrote it was for famine, but gave no name or 
address. What can be done in such a case? 
Look among the " Unknowns " and try to guess 
identification of his donation. So far this 
has been done to the apparent satisfaction of 
the inquirer, but the strain of responsibility 
could be eased considerably if names and ad- 
dresses were given, and a request not to make 
them public added. 

A boy who was full of missionary enthusi- 
asm and did not know just how to help the 
work along thought to make a mite box, for he 
had no money to purchase one. He made it 
out of a horn, closed the end with wood and cut 
a slot to pass his pennies through. He then 
took the born to a painter who painted the 
following words thereon: 

" Once I was the horn of an ox, 
But now I am a missionary box." 

He not only saved his own pennies in this 
way, but others, delighted with the novel box, 
placed many a penny in with his. At the end 
of the year he had collected seven dollars. 
Where there is a will there is a way, even for 
the boys and girls in the missionary work. 

A sister, a Sunday-school teacher in Mis- 
souri, talked to her class of children about the 
suffering in India. Her words called forth, 
though in child-like simplicity, some words of 
earnestness that are well worthy of imitation 
by older people. One little boy says: " I want 
to send them my penny, and I'll send them my 
hat, too." Another said: "Let us send for 
some of those children and feed them at our 
own home." 

On all receipts for mission money is found a 
coupon, good for tracts, which includes tract 
tablets. A number order these tablets and are 
pleased with them. Here is what Bro Wm. Y. 
Eisenberg, of Coventry congregation, Pa., has 
to say after distributing probably one hundred 
tablets in the congregation: " Our members ap- 
preciate the distribution of the tracts in the 
tablet form very much." 

From the Field. 

In sending in a contribution made by three 
boys, aged respectively, three, five and seven 
years, the mother makes the following expla- 
nation, which may afford food for thought to 
many: "This money is one-half of what the 
boys have saved in their lives, of the pennies 
given them by friends. They have never been 
allowed to spend any, except five cents each, 
which they gave to a blind man. I told them 
that God's gift to us was his Son and we should 
be willing to give something to him, and the 
way to do that would be to give to the poor. I 
told them of the poor children in India, and 
they were glad to send their money. They 
know *£, ing about Santa Claus, but get pres- 
ents l\ -15. ke them glad on Christ's birthday." 

When Headly Vickers noticed for the first 
time the passage, "The blood of Jesus Christ, 
his Son, cleanseth us from all sin," he looked at 
it long and intently, and arising, said: " If that 
be so, then henceforth I will live as a blood- 
washed man." So ought we to contemplate the 
great commission. Let us arise and go forth to 
the heathen world, panoplied in the power of 
Him into whose hand all power in heaven and 
earth has been given. 

From Palestine, Ark. 

While we have no accessions to report this 
month, we feel encouraged with the future 
prospects. We find it takes a great deal of 
sowing in a new field for a very little reaping. 

Our meetings were well attended at Lonoke 
and Carlisle, with the best of interest and at- 
tention to the Word preached. We believe 
those places to be good openings for the true 
doctrine of Christ. J. H. Neher. 

From Hawthorn, Ha. 

The Keuka church met in council at the 
Pine Grove house. All the church business 
was disposed of in the spirit of love. We held 
our love feast on the evening of December 30. 
Twenty-one members surrounded the Lord's 
table. It was truly a feast of love. The result 
of the year's work in this mission is eight add- 
ed by baptism, one disfellowshiped and one re- 
instated; eleven moved away, leaving a mem- 
bership of thirty-one to start in the new year. 

With the assistance of Bro. Overhultz we 
were holding services at four points, holding 
about fourteen or fifteen services each month, 
besides a Sunday school and prayer meeting 
at the Pine Grove house, and a Sunday school 
at the Keuka house. 

Brethren, pray for the Florida-Emission and 
for all missions in the Brotherhood, that all the 
soldiers of the cross may have on the whole 
armor of God, that all may enter the year 1000 
with renewed zeal, that the year may prove the 
most successful of all years in gathering into 
the fold the straying lambs and sheep, that 
they may learn to know and follow the true 
Shepherd, and that they may never wander 
away again after a strange voice. 

D. E, Stover. 
Jan. /. 

Our Prayer Meeting. 


For Week Ending Feb. 77. 

Isa. 40: n; John 

1. The Lord my shepherd, 
ro: 11-14. 

2. " I shall not want." Ps. 84: 1 1 ; 37: 18, 19. 

3. "Green pastures" — "still waters." Ps. 
too: 3; Ezek. 34: 14; Isa. 55: 1. 

4. " He restorcth my soul." Ruth 4: 15. 

5. "Leadeth me in paths of righteousness." 
Isa. 48: 17; John 10: 15, 16. 

6. "For his name's sake." 1 Sam. 12: 22; Ps. 
106: 8; 1 John 2: 12; Ps, 72: 17-19. 

7. "In the shadow of death fear no evil, for 
thou art with me." Isa. 43: 1, 2; Dan. 3: 25 

3. "Thy rod and thy staff they comfort." 

Micah 7: 14. 
■}. "Prepares! a table." Ps. 78:25-38; Luke 

22: 29, 30; Rev. 7: 17. 

10. "Anointest my head with oil." Ps. 45:7; 
8g: 20; 28: 8. 

11. "My cup runneth over." Ps. 34: 6-8:84: 
n; 103: 1-5. 

12. "Goodness and mercy shall follow." Ps. 
100: 5; 103: 17; 1 Chron. 16: 34; Ps. 106: 1; 
107: I. 

13. "I will dwell in the bouse of the Lord for 
ever." Ps. 84: 10; 27:_4: 116: 16-lg. 



Feb. 3, 1900. 

Notes from Our Correspondents. 

" As cold water to a thirsty soul, so is good news from n far country." 

Frultdale.— We met in council Jan. 6 and in a satisfactory 
way attended to all business preparatory to a love feast, which 
was held Jan. 13, at 3 P. M. Bro. P. H, Beery was with us 
from Citronelle, Ala., and officiated. He remained with us and 
preached an able sermon in the Seminary Chapel the follow- 
ing morning. The feast was an exceptionally enjoyable one 
and was witnessed hy a number of people, hitherto unac- 
quainted with the practices of the Brethren. One has been re- 
ceived by letter since our last report.— James M. Neff, Jan. 22. 


Longmont.— We met in quarterly council Jan. 6. Having 
no elder, Bro. Joe. Basher presided at the meeting. Consider- 
able business was disposed of with the best of harmony and 
seemingly with a new zeal to prosper the Lord's work more in 
this new year. Officers for the Sunday school were elected, 
The District Meeting of Northwestern Kansas and Northern 
Colorado is to meet in this church April 27 and 28. For fur- 
ther information address the writer.— Peter F. Fester, Jan, 24. 

Villa Park.— We expect to begin a series of meetings Feb, 

15. Bro. Sharp is to be with us, as Bro. Wertz could not come 

at present. Scarlet fever is now about over with. We are 

having a very mild winter so far.— B. F. Miller, Jan. 21, 


Grafton. — We met in council Jan. 6. It passed off pleas- 
antly. Seven were received by letter, among them Bro. Jacob 
N. Gwinn, an elder of Ashland, Oregon. Bro. Enoch Faw was 
ordained to the eldership. New officers were elected for a 
term of two years. Contributions for missions, S2.40. — A. H. 
Carson, Teakea/i, Idaho, Jan. /j. 

Payette. — Bro. 1. S. Harader moved here last spring. He 
and family were the first members in this part of Idaho. In 
November eight more members moved here, and the question 
arose, Where can we hold meetings? We had no bouse, and 
to hire a hall was too expensive. Bro. Harader offered a room 
in his dwelling house, so we made seats and began to hold 
meetings twice each Sunday, and arranged for a Bible reading 
every Friday evtning. On Sunday before New Year's we 
organized a Sunday school by electing the writer as superin- 
tendent. Our congregations have been small on account of 
illness in town, bui 1 sometimes thii.k that these small meet- 
ings are the most enjo)able. Yesterday we took up a collec- 
tion ol $075 at Sunday school for the starving in India. We 
expect to organize a church at this place soon, and would in- 
vite others to come and assist us in the work of the Lord.-- 
Juitson Beckwith, Jan. 22. 


Blue Ridge. —Having decided to change locations, we left 
Redfield, Karra., Jan, 25, and turned our faces eastward to 
greet the brethren and sisters of the Blue Ridge church, Mans- 
field, 111. The parti"g from the numbers of the Paint Creek 
church and their Iriends wa-. a sad one for us. We regretted 
to leave lh"se whom we had learned to love. Jan. 17 we ar- 
rived at our new home, wnere we were met by some of ihe 
brethren and made welcome. The Blue Ridge chur h has two 
elders, about seventy members, and two churchhouses, one in 
town and one in the country. The church is presided over by 
Eld. Heitz. We expect to have a series of meetings soon, to 
be conducted by Bro. T. A. Robinson. — Rufus Robinson, Mans- 
field, III., Jan. 23. 

Notice.— The churches of the Southern District of Illinois 
are hereby requested to select from their membership one or 
two active Sunday-school workers, and forward their names to 
the secretary of committee on piogram. This selection to be 
made not later than the second quarterly council of this year. 
—Jno. W. Lear, Sec, McVey, III., Jan. 20. 

Woodland.— Eld. Flory was with us a few days in Decem- 
ber and delivered some very able di>courses. Dec. 22 Bro. 
Fitz and wife came to us from Red Cloud, Nebr. Bro. Fitz 
delivered five appreciated sermons. Bro. Stookey, of the 
Camp Creek congregation, was also with us. He goes to Ida- 
ho next spring, and we trust that in his new field of labor he 
may be the means of saving many poor souls who know not 
God. — Sevilla Dubes, Summit///, III., Jan. iq. 


Anderson.— The Missionary Reading Circle was organized 
here last Thursday evening with the writer as leader, and Bro. 
Curtis Hilbert, secretary for ensuing term. A very interesting 
lesson was had from ihe first chapter of " In His Steps." Eld. 
J. R. Wellington gave us two cheering discourses last Sunday. 
The regular quarterly council will meet Feb. 24, at 7: 30 P. M. 
A full attendance is always desired at council meetings as well 
as regular appointments.—/. S. Alldredge, 1672 Cincinnati 
Ave., Jan. 2q. 

Buck Creek.— Last night closed a very interesting series of 
meetings, held by Bro. Joseph Longanecker, of West Man- 
chester, Ohio. His earnest pleadings will undoubtedly result 
in good.—/. B. Wike, Mooreland, Ind.,Jan. 22. 

English Prairie. — An interesting series of meetings was 
held here by Bro. William Neff, of Milford, Ind. He labored 
faithfully nearly three weeks. Our meetings were fairly well 
attended, although we had bad roads, dark nights, and rain,— 
John Long, Brighton, Ind., Jan. 26. 

Qreentown.— A series of meetings was held at the Plevna 
house, beginning Jan. 6 and closing Jan. 21. Bro, D. 0, Camp- 

bell, of Colfax, Ind., conducted the meetings. We had good 
interest and attendance. — Henry Lorenz, Plevna, Ind., Jan. 24. 
Nettle Creek.— Our protracted meeting at the White 
Branch church, conducted by Eld. Geo. L. Studebaker, of 
Muncic, Ind., commenced on the evening of Jan. 2. Thirty- 
onesermons were given. Our brother preached with unabated 
energy and zeal, and although the weather was very inclement 
much of the time, the attendance was very good. One was 
baptized. — Peter Deardorff, Jan. 2j. 

Pine Creek.— This church met in council Jan. 20, at the 
Blissville house. Bro. Peter Huffman, of Elkhart, was present. 
All business passed off very pleasantly. The next day one 
was restored. Bro. E. D. Ruff is ho ding a series of meetings 
at the East house. One was baptized on Sunday, — C, F. Ru- 
Pel, Walkerton, Ind., Jan. 24. 

Raccoon Creek.— We met in council Jan. 13, Eld. W. R. 
Harshbarger resigned but was re-elected. Bro Samuel Stoner 
was advanced to the s-cond degree of the ministry. Elders R. 
R. Goshorn and N. Bo ers were present, and assisted in the 
■work.—Luta Goshorn, Ladoga, Ind., Jan. 20. 

Salem. — Our series of meetings just closed, with two bap- 
tized, five reclaimed and the members much encouraged. 
Brethren Elic Miller and John Sellers did most of the preach- 
ing. The Sunday school seems to be increasing in interest. — 
Sarah G. Crill, Burr Oak, Ind., Jan 27, 

South Bend. Dec. 2 Bro. P. B. Fitzwater, of Elkhart, be- 
gan a series of meet nes in our city church and continued un- 
til Dec. 24. He gave us many rich, practical sermons. Four 
were received into fellowship by baptism and the members 
were inspired to greater activity and faithfulness in the serv- 
ice. — E. C. Miller, Jan. 22. 

Whitewater.— Bro. Benj. F.Sharp began a series of meet- 
ings in the Price's Creek congregation at the Cedar Grove 
church, Jan, 7. The meetings continued two weeks. Bro. 
Sharp preacht-d twenty sermons, including the one addressed 
to the children, on the subject of "Habits." He showed the 
children how habits both good and bad are formed, and how 
hard it is to break a bad habit after it is once formed. Not- 
withstanding the inclemency of the weather the attendance 
was good and the people seemed anxious 10 h- ar. The meet- 
ings closed with good interest.— Retta Brown, Jan. 22. 


Panora —Our District evangelist, Eld. S. M. Goughenour, 
of Ankeney, Iowa, commenced a series of meetings near Pano- 
ra Ja". it and closed Jan. 22. Unfavorable weather and bad 
roads prevented full houses, but the attention and interest 
were gcd. Bro. Peter Brown and several young members, of 
South English, gladdened our hearts by a short visit. Our 
brother was saddened, however, by a telegram announcing the 
sudden death of his nephew, Wilson, son of E'd. H. R. Taylor, 
by drowning, at Des Moines, Jan. 20— the same day they part- 
ed, expei ting to meet on their rtturn a.few days later.—/. D. 
Haughtelin, Panora, Iowa, Jan. 24. 

South Waterloo. — A Bible term is to be held in this church 
beginning March 12, conducted by thehome ministers. Neigh- 
boring churches are cordially invited. — Eliza B. Miller, 1 102 
South Street, Jan. 2j. 


Abbyvllle. — Bro Henry Brubaker, of Lyons, Kans,, came 
to us Jan. 20, intending to hold one week's meetings in the Con- 
gregational church at Plevna, Kans. He preached two ser- 
mons, when he was suddenly called home by the death of his 
father-in-law. There was a good attendance, and the attention 
was all that could be desired. A lively interest was awakened 
both in and out of the church.— Isaac H. Miller, Jan. 26. 

loin. — I have changed my address from Westphalia, Ander- 
son Co., Kans., to Iola, Allen Co., Kans. We come here to 
take personal charge of the mission work, ably assisted by 
Sister Mary Wine. The hospital is neanng completion and 
will be ready to receive patients in a few days. — W. H. Miller. 

Kansas City.— Jan. iq Bro. Abram Buck, of Ireton, Iowa, 
came to our city, and remained over Sunday, and preached 
four good, encouraging s-rmons. Several are counting the 
cost. — A. C. Root. 17 South Ninth Street, Jan. 27. 

Wade.— Bro. John Crist, of this place, commenced a series 
of meetings here on Christmas evening, lasting three weeks, 
resulting in good order and attention and six accessions. We 
have an evergreen Sunday school and social meeting each 
Sunday evening. — Corda E. Myers, Jan. 26. 

Campbellsvllle. — Our Communion, held at the home of Bro. 
Bridge, Jan. 13, was the most impressive that has ever been my 
lot to attend. Nine surrounded the Lord's table and partook 
of those blessed emblems with much zeal and earnestness. 
With us the occasion was very similar to that memorable 
feast engaged in by Christ and his chosen twelve, a« we, too, 
felt that it might be the la6t time we would be permitted to 
commune together on earth. It is a consolation to know that 
we are promised a part in that final feast at the close of time. 
Bro. D. E. Cripe has sold his farm here, and is now in Oklaho- 
ma, inspecting the country, with the view of locating, if suited 
— W. H. Fairburn, Hatcher, Ky., Jan. 32. 

Roanoke. — Our meetings still continue with much interest. 
Bro. C. H. Brown has now preached twenty sermons. So far 
eleven have cast in their lot with us, and ten have been bap- 
tized. Three are under twelve years of age. We will con- 
tinue meetings as long as so much interest is manifested. — S. 
A, Sutter , Jan, 55, 


f Brownsville.— On the evening of Jan. 2t wc closed one of 
the most successful series of meetings ever enjoyed by the 
Brownsville church. There were twenty-nine baptized and 
two reclaimed. A number of others are, we believe, very near 
the kingdom. Bro. Orville V. Long, of Abbottstown. Pa., did 
the preaching. He labored constantly, preaching at night and 
visiting from house to house through the day. Sometimes he 
made five and six calls in one day. The applicants were all 
baptized at one time. They ranged in age from ten to seventy 
years. The baptism was an impressive scene. This congre- 
gation has now a membership of about three hundred and is 
one of the oldest in Western Maryland. It is presided over 
by Elders Eli Yourt e and David Ausherman.— Geo. IV, Kaetz- 
el, Gapiand, Md., Jan. 22. 

New Windsor.— We attended the Brethren's Bible school 
at Unio 1 Bridge; also held a series of meetings there. We al- 
so attended meetings at other points in Maryland. Here, at 
one time, such old veterans and fathers of the church as Eld. 
D. P. Saylor, Eld. David Lone, and others, lived, worked and 
d'ed. An evidence of their influence is still existing "Dead 
yet they speak." From here we go to the Eastern Shore of 
the State, for a week, thence to our winter home, Hagerstown, 
where we are booked for a two weeks' series of meetings, com- 
mencing Jan. 28. That will be our address for the winter.—/. 
S. Flory, Jan. 23. 

Manor.— Jan. 6 Bro. S. A. Sanger, of Scottsford, came to us, 
and conductt d a series of meetings in the M